You are on page 1of 10

This spreadsheet will analyse a simply supported, rectangular, pre-stress concrete beam Click on the Stresses tab at the

bottom of the worksheet to determine an acceptable size for the beam The size will be determined by the moments that the beam are subjected to. if you are not sure what to enter in a cell, just hold the cursor over the cell marked with a red tab in the corner and a comment with some advice will be displayed Enter values (in the green cells) for the dead and imposed moments and trial values for P, e and Z

NOTE so that formulae are not accidently overwritten, the cells have been 'locked'. If you wish to change a 'locked cell' - for example, if you do not have a rectangular cross section, you may wish to insert your own v choose Tools, Protection, Protect Sheet. The click on the protect worksheet and contents of locked cells check box

with a red tab in the corner

ar cross section, you may wish to insert your own values for Ig and Z nd contents of locked cells check box

enter the beam specification and loads here and see if the concrete stresses have been exceeded LOADING Moment Due to Dead load (Md) Moment Due to Superimposed Dead Load (Msi) Moment due to imposed load (Mi) Transfer Moment (Mt) Maximum Service moment Ultimate moment CONCRETE SPECIFICATION Concrete cube strength (fcu) Concrete Strength at Transfer (fci) Concrete modulus of Elasticity (Ec) partial material safety factor for concrete Area of Pre-stress Ultimate strength of Pre-stress Pre-stress modulus of elasticity partial materail safety factor for pre-stress Peff stress in pre-stress at transfer eccentricity e % loss of prestress P Transfer Max allowable concrete compressive stress - Working (fcs) Max allowable concrete tensile stress - Working (fts) Max allowable concrete compressive stress - Transfer (fct) Max allowable concrete tensile stress - Transfer (ftt) 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 50 32000 1.5 3000 1616 205000 1.05 100 39 0 15% 118 16.5 3.18 25 3.18 kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m MPa Type of prestressing MPa Strand2 MPa
Wire

mm2 MPa MPa

Bars

kN MPa mm check beam is deep enough to achieve this ecc kN MPa Method of prestressing MPa TRUE MPa FALSE MPa Class of Prestresssed Member FALSE TRUE

Zmin 0.000E+00 mm3

Beam Dimensions Overall Depth D Breadth B effective depth Gross area (A) Actual Section Modulus, Bottom Fibre (Zbot) Actual Section Modulus, Top Fibre (Ztop) Gross second moment of area (Ig) ytop ybot Working stress - TOP Working stress - Bottom Transfer stress - Top Transfer stress - Bottom 100 100 50 1.00E+04 1.67E+05 1.67E+05 8.33E+06 50 50 -10.00 -10.00 -11.76 -11.76 mm mm mm mm2 mm3 mm3 mm4

MPa MPa MPa MPa

stress okay stress okay stress okay stress okay

plotting working transfer fcw ftw fct ftt -10 -11.7647 -16.5 3 -25.0 3.18 -10 -11.7647 -16.5 3 -25.0 3.18

0 100

heck beam is deep enough to achieve this eccentricity

Method of prestressing

Class of Prestresssed Member

Concrete Stresses 120


Depth from soffet of beam (mm)

service stresses (working)


Transfer Stresses fcw

100 80 60

ftw

40 20 0 -30 -20 -10


Stress (MPa)

fct

10

ftt

this spreadsheet calculates the allowable cable profile for the beam entered in the 'stresses' spreadsheet. enter the minimum and maximum moments that occur along the beam and the graph will plot the allowable cable profile

% distance from end min moment max moment 0 0 0 0.1 63.36 83.52 0.2 115.2 149.76 0.3 155.52 198.72 0.4 184.32 230.4 0.5 201.6 244.8 0.6 207.36 241.92 0.7 201.6 221.76 0.8 184.32 184.32 0.9 155.52 129.6 1 115.2 57.6

stress in the bottom fibre at transfer governs e< -19 -557 -998 -1341 -1585 -1732 -1781 -1732 -1585 -1341 -998

stress in the top fibre at transfer governs e< -21 -560 -1000 -1343 -1588 -1735 -1784 -1735 -1588 -1343 -1000

stress in the bottom fibre at working governs e> 22 -813 -1476 -1965 -2282 -2426 -2397 -2196 -1821 -1274 -554

stress in the top fibre working governs e > 11 -824 -1487 -1976 -2293 -2437 -2408 -2207 -1832 -1285 -565

500 0 -500 0 -1000 -1500 -2000 -2500 -3000 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1

Top Fibre Failure - In Servic

Bottom Fibre Failure - In Se

Bottom Fibre Failure - Tran

Top Fibre Failure - Transfer

owable cable profile

57.6 76.8

Top Fibre Failure - In Service (e>) Bottom Fibre Failure - In Service (e>) Bottom Fibre Failure - Transfer (e<) Top Fibre Failure - Transfer (e<)

This spreadsheet calculates the ultimate load of a pre-stress concrete beam with a rectangular x-section. The beam specification is entered in the 'Stresses' spreadsheet. On this spreadsheet, just enter values of x in cell 'D4' until the error in cell 'D16' is zero. Then just read of the ultimate moment Mu from cell 'D18'. Or use the Solver in the Tools to solve for 'x' depth to neutral axis Compression in the concrete stress block Strain in pre-stress due to initial pre-strain Stress in concrete at level of pre-stress due to initial pre-stressing Strain in concrete at level of pre-stress due to initial pre-stressing Strain in concrete due to ultimate load Total strain in pre-stress at ultimate load Stress in pre-stress at ultimate load Tension in pre-stress at ultimate load Check this Ultimate moment capacity x Cc epe sce ece ecp epu spu Tp error Mu 50 mm -101 kN 0.00016 10.0 Mpa 0.0003125 0 0.000475102 97 Mpa 292 kN -191% 3 kN-m

Stress Strain Diagram for Prestress


(including Partial Material Saety Factor)
1800 1600

1539 1231
plotting 0 0.013 0 0.005 0

emid 1400 47344 0.0000 1000


Stress (MPa)
1200

0 0.0000 1539 0.000 1231 0.006

800 0.0060 1231 0.0125 1539 1231 0.006 s =0.006 922 + 41860 e 1231 0.013 1539 0.013 1539 600 0.0125 1539
400 0.0400 1539

200 0 0.005 0.006 0.0000 0.0050 0.0100 0.013 0.0150 0.0200 0.0250 0.0300

Strain

Under Construction

Under Construction