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Staineless Steel Wire Flux Cored Wire Nickel
QUALITY WELDING ALLOYS 6015 Murphy Street, Houston, TX 77033, USA (T) 1.713.649.8785 (F) 1.713.644.9628

394.4550 Telephone: 1.713.649.8785 Fax: 1. spool sizes and diameter of wires than many of our competitors.644. E71T-1 STS FCW E71T-GS STS Wires Nickel Made In USA Products Call us today! Toll Free: 1.• Real People • Real Service • Real Fast Get Your Quality Filler Metal American Filler Metals’ manufacturing capabilities allow us to provide a wider variety of options with regards to cut lengths.9628 Go Back to Table of Contents 2 S M S D Material Safety Data Sheet .800.713.

and is not to be mistaken as expressed or implied warranties for these or other applications. American Filler Metals Company presents all the technical information. in whole or in part. Go Back to Table of Contents 4 .Important Notice for All Users of This Book The information contained herein is intended for general information only and not for specification purposes. American Filler Metals Company assumes no liability for results or damages incurred from the use of any information contained herein. data and applications to permit you to make your own evaluations and decisions.

Tungsten Electrodes Approximate Current Ranges depending upon the Electrode Diameter Statement of Commission VII on Health Aspects In The Use of Thoriated Tungsten Electrodes 217 218 219 220 221 Click to Download 212 .WP) EWTh-2 (ISO 6848 .12 AWS/SFA A5.WTh 20) EWCe-2 (ISO 6848 .Tungsten Electrodes Suitability of Current Supply Type .Tungsten Alloys AFM Product AFM Pure Tungsten AFM 2% Thoriated AFM 2% Ceriated AFM 1.WLa 15) Page 213 214 215 216 Chemical Composition Requirements for Tungsten Electrodes Standard Diameters & Lengths .12 AWS/SFA A5.5% Lanthanated AWS Classification AWS/SFA A5.5 (ISO 6848 .WCe 20) EWLA-1.12 AWS/SFA A5.12 EWP (ISO 6848 .

These electrodes have reasonably good resistance to contamination of the weld metal by the electrode.6 mm) 50 ~ 100 3/32” (2. They provide good stability when used with alternating current. Their current-carrying capacity is lower than that of other electrodes. Diameter Typical Current Ranges: Alternating Current Balanced Ware (amps) 10 ~ 30 30 ~ 80 60 ~ 130 100 ~ 180 160 ~ 240 S M S D Go Back to Table of Contents 213 . Total Other 99. either balanced wave or continuously high frequency stabilized.Tungsten Alloys AFM Pure Tungsten Description: AWS/SFA A5. Tip color is Green. The lower cost EWP electrodes can be used for less critical applications where some tungsten contamination of welds is acceptable. They may be used with direct current and also with either argon or helium. although the oxide containing electrodes are superior in this respect.0 mm) 20 ~ 60 1/16” (1. which is preferred for aluminum and magnesium welding. except for welding aluminum and magnesium. (99.040” (1.5% Tungsten minimum).4 mm) 100 ~ 160 1/8” (3. balled end.2 mm) 150 ~ 200 5/32” (4. or a combination of both. EWP electrodes are generally used on less critical applications. as a shielding gas.12 EWP (ISO 6848 -WP) AFM Pure Tungsten electrodes are commercially pure & unalloyed tungsten electrodes.0 mm) 200 ~ 275 All values are based on the usage of argon gas. Chemical Composition Requirements (%): W Min.5 0.5 Alternating Current Unbalance Ware (amps) 0. They maintain a clean.

5 Typical Current Ranges: Diameter DCEN (DCSP) (amps) 0.3 1.2 percent) in the EWTh-2 electrode causes the operating characteristic improvements to be more pronounced than in the lower thoria content EWTh-1. They can be used on alternating current work.6 mm) 70 ~ 150 3/32” (2.040” (1. but a satisfactory balled end.2 0. Chemical Composition Requirements (%): W ThO2 Total Other 97.Tungsten Alloys AFM 2% Thoriated Description: AWS/SFA A5.7–2. which is desirable for welding steel. Should it be desired to use these electrodes for alternating current welding. They maintain a sharpened point well. DCEP (DCRP) (amps) Not Applicable 10 ~ 20 15 ~ 30 25 ~ 40 40 ~ 55 S M S D Go Back to Table of Contents 214 . the balled end does not melt and so emission is not as good as from a liquid ball on a pure tungsten (EWP) electrode. Tip color is Red.0 mm) 15 ~ 80 1/16” (1. is difficult to maintain. then balling can be accomplished by briefly. They have the thoria content dispersed evenly throughout their entire length. which is desirable for the welding of nonferrous metals.0 mm) 400 ~ 500 All values are based on the usage of argon gas. welding with direct current electrode positive prior to welding with alternating current.4 mm) 150 ~ 250 1/8” (3. The higher thoria content (1.7 ~ 2. During alternating current welding.2 mm) 250 ~ 400 5/32” (4. and carefully.12 EWTh-2 (ISO 6848 -WTh 20) AFM 2% Thoriated Tungsten electrodes have been designed for direct current applications.

These advantages increase with increased ceria content. These electrodes operate successfully with alternating current or direct current. The EWCe-2 electrodes were first introduced into the United States market in 1987.2 mm) 225 ~ 325 5/32” (4.4 mm) 140 ~ 235 1/8” (3.040” (1. Diameter Typical Current Ranges: Alternating Current Balanced Ware (amps) 20 ~ 60 60 ~ 120 100 ~ 180 160 ~ 250 200 ~ 320 DCEP (DCRP) (amps) Not Applicable 10 ~ 20 15 ~ 30 25 ~ 40 40 ~ 55 215 S M S D Go Back to Table of Contents . either polarity.2 mm) 250 ~ 400 5/32” (4. Several other grades of this type electrode are commercially practical.6 mm) 70 ~ 150 3/32” (2.8 ~ 2. Unlike thoria.0 mm) 400 ~ 500 All values are based on the usage of argon gas.5 Alternating Current Unbalance Ware (amps) 0.4 mm) 150 ~ 250 1/8” (3. including electrodes containing one percent CeO.6 mm) 70 ~ 150 3/32” (2. include increased ease of starting.Tungsten Alloys AFM 2% Ceriated Description: AWS/SFA A5.12 EWCe-2 (ISO 6848 -WCe 20) AFM 2% Ceriated Tungsten electrodes are tungsten electrodes containing about two percent cerium oxide (CeO2). Diameter DCEN (DCSP) (amps) 0. Tip color is Grey. but only one grade. has been incorporated in this specification as having commercial significance. The advantages of tungsten electrodes containing ceria. referred to as ceria. and reduced rate of vaporization or burn-off. EWCe-2.0 mm) 300 ~ 400 All values are based on the usage of argon gas. Chemical Composition Requirements (%): W CeO2 Total Other 97.2 0.3 1. compared to pure tungsten.0 mm) 15 ~ 80 1/16” (1. ceria is not a radioactive material.040” (1. improved arc stability.0 mm) 15 ~ 80 1/16” (1.

040” (1.Tungsten Alloys AFM 1.8 1.0 mm) 400 ~ 500 All values are based on the usage of argon gas.5 (ISO 6848 -WLa 15) AFM 1.-% of dispersed lanthanum oxide (La2O3) for enhanced arc starting and stability.7 wt. These electrodes can be used as nonradioactive substitutes for 2% thoriated tungsten as the operating characteristics are very similar.5% Lanthanated Description: AWS/SFA A5.5% Lanthanated Tungsten electrodes which contain 1.4 mm) 150 ~ 250 1/8” (3.2 mm) 250 ~ 400 5/32” (4.3-1.0 mm) 15 ~ 80 1/16” (1.6 mm) 70 ~ 150 3/32” (2. and extended operating range.5 Alternating Current Diameter Unbalance Ware (amps) 0. Chemical Composition Requirements (%): W CeO2 Total Other 97.3 ~ 1.7 0. Tip color is Gold. Lanthanated tungsten can be used for both dcen and ac applications. Diameter Typical Current Ranges: Alternating Current Balanced Ware (amps) 20 ~ 60 60 ~ 120 100 ~ 180 160 ~ 250 200 ~ 320 DCEP (DCRP) (amps) Not Applicable 10 ~ 20 15 ~ 30 25 ~ 40 40 ~ 55 S M S D Go Back to Table of Contents 216 .6 mm) 70 ~ 150 3/32” (2.2 mm) 225 ~ 325 5/32” (4.0 mm) 15 ~ 80 1/16” (1.0 mm) 300 ~ 400 All values are based on the usage of argon gas. reduced tip erosion rate. DCEN (DCSP) (amps) 0.040” (1.4 mm) 140 ~ 235 1/8” (3.12 EWLA-1.

2 0.5 min. 0.5 max.A.5 (WLa 15) EWLa-2 (WLa 20) EWTh-1 (WTh 10) EWTh-2 (WTh 20) Chemical Composition Requirement Principal Oxidie Mass Percent Impurities.8 The manufacturer must state the nominal quantity of each addition.5 max.5 max. Balance La2O3 0.5 max. Balance ThO2 1. b CeO2 1.7 to 2. 0.2 0. Colour Code.2 0.5 max. Balance (WTh 30) ThO2 2.5 max.A.8 to 1. RGB Colour Value & Colour Samplea Green #008000 Grey (formerly orange) #808080 Black #000000 Gold #FFD700 Blue #0000FF Yellow #FFFF00 Red #FF0000 Violet #EE82EE Brown #A52A2A White #FFFFFF None N. Balance EWG 0.5 max.8 to 2. Balance ZrO2 The manufacturer must identify all additions.3 to 1.50 0.2 0. Mass Percent 99.8 to 3. Balance ThO2 0. Mass Percent 0. a b RGB color values and color samples can be found at the following website: http://msdn2. = Not Applicable.5 max. Balance La2O3 1.5 max.7 to 0. Tungsten.aspx N.8 to 1.com/en-us/library/ms531197.5 max.microsoft. Balance La2O3 1.2 0.7 0.8 to 2.2 0.Tungsten Alloys Chemical Composition Requirements for Tungsten Electrodes Classification Symbol (ISO 6848 Classification) EWP (WP) EWCe-2 (WCe 20) EWLa-1 (WLa 10) EWLa-1. Note : Intentional additions of “doping oxides” other than indicated for a particular electrode classification is prohibited. Balance The manufacturer may select any color not already in use. 217 Go Back to Table of Contents .5 max.15 to 0. Balance EWZr-1 (WZr 3) EWZr-8 (WZr 8) ZrO2 0.

00 4.5 -1.50 1.250 (1/4) 0.20 4.0 -1.50 1.00 b b b b b b b Length Diameter in 0.05 0.05 0.25b 0. +6.40 2.063 in] is closer to 1/16 in [0.125 (1/8) 0. +8.10 0.010 0.002 Length mm 50b 75 b b Tolerance ±mm ±1.5 -1.002 0. it has been common industry practice to refer to the U.05 0.80 5.0 -1.10 Tolerance ±in 0.040 0.10 0.02 0. customary size 0.003 10.50 3.0.10 0.0.S.00b a Although the metric size 1. Go Back to Table of Contents 218 .002 0.001 0.Tungsten Alloys Standard Diameters & Lengths Size Diameter mm 0.156 (5/32) 0.60 2.30 6.003 b b b b b b 0.0.00 2.020 0.0625 in].003 0.0.10 0.10 0. +8.0.05 0.003 0.093 (3/32) 0.0 Length in 3 6 7 12 18 24 Tolerance ±in 1/16 1/16 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 150 175 300 450 600 b b b b 0.10 0. +4.00 6.003 b b b 0.187 (3/16) 0.0.0 -1.060 in as 1/16 in.060 a Tolerance ±mm 0. +2.40 8.05 0. b Standard sizes and lengths in ISO 6848.08 0.30 0.0 -1.00 1.02 0.08 0.6 mm [0. though tolerances may be tighter in some cases. +13.10 0.00 3.10 0.

5 mm [0.R. N. N. Acceptable Acceptable Acceptable N. N. Go Back to Table of Contents 219 .R.R. Acceptable Best N.R.R.R.10 in] Magnesium and its alloys Non-alloy (Carbon) Steels and Low Alloy Steels Stainless Steels Copper Bronze Aluminium Bronze Silicon Bronze Nickel and its alloys Titanium and its alloys a Electrode Negative (-) Acceptable Acceptable N.10 in] Aluminium and its alloys.R. N. N. N.5 mm [0. N. a Alternating Current Best Best Best N.R. thickness ≤ 2.R. N.Tungsten Alloys Suitability of Current Supply Type Direct Current Type of Metal or Alloy to be welded Aluminium and its alloys. = Not Recommended.R.R.R. Best Best Best Best Acceptable Best Best Best Electrode Positive (+) Acceptable N.R.R. N. N.R. thickness > 2.

125 (1/8) 0.093 (3/32) 0.156 (5/32) 0.0 2.060 in 0. a The current values are based on the use of argon gas.0 1.3 6.0 3.4 8.50 1.25 0.0 6.Tungsten Alloys Approximate Current Ranges depending upon the Electrode Diametera Electrode Diameter mm 0.6 2. and these values may vary depending on the type of shielding gas.010 Direc Current A Electrode Negative (-) Pure Tungsten up to 15 up to 15 2 to 20 10 to 75 60 to 150 60 to 150 75 to 180 120 to 220 130 to 230 150 to 300 160 to 310 275 to 450 380 to 600 400 to 625 550 to 875 575 to 900 Tungsten with Oxide Additives up to 15 up to 15 2 to 20 10 to 75 60 to 150 60 to 150 100 to 200 150 to 250 170 to 250 210 to 310 225 to 330 350 to 480 480 to 650 500 to 675 650 to 950 750 to 1000 Electrode Positive (+) Pure Tungsten Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable 10 to 20 10 to 20 15 to 25 15 to 30 17 to 30 20 to 35 20 to 35 35 to 50 50 to 70 50 to 70 65 to 100 70 to 125 Tungsten with Oxide Additives Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable 10 to 20 10 to 20 15 to 25 15 to 30 17 to 30 20 to 35 35 to 50 50 to 70 50 to 70 50 to 70 35 to 100 70 to 125 Pure Tungsten up to 15 up to 15 2 to 15 15 to 55 45 to 90 45 to 90 65 to 125 80 to 140 80 to 140 140 to 180 150 to 190 180 to 260 240 to 350 240 to 350 300 to 450 325 to 450 Tungsten with Oxide Additives up to 15 up to 15 2 to 15 15 to 70 60 to 125 60 to 125 85 to 160 120 to 210 120 to 210 140 to 230 150 to 250 240 to 350 330 to 450 330 to 460 430 to 575 450 to 600 650 to 830 Alternating Current A Go Back to Table of Contents 220 .30 0. type of equipment.2 4.187 (3/16) 0.250 (1/4) 0.020 0.4 2.8 5.0 10.0 4.5 1.040 0. and application.5 3. 0.0 NOTE : If no value is given. no recommendation is available.

” Go Back to Table of Contents 221 . “The above statement is based on a considered view of the available reports. or disposal of residues—are negligible under normal conditions of use. Commission VIII will continue to keep these aspects under review. during the grinding of electrode tips there is generation of radioactive dust.Tungsten Alloys Statement of Commission VIII on Health Aspects In The Use of Thoriated Tungsten Electrodes “Thorium oxides are found in Thoriated Tungsten Electrodes {up to 4. Thorium is radioactive and may present hazards by external and internal exposure. Consequently. with the risk of internal exposure.2% (ISO 6848-WT 40 Electrode)}6. it is necessary to use local exhaust ventilation to control the dust at the source. they should be used. external radiation risks—during storage. “Several studies carried out on Thoriated Electrodes have shown that due to the type of radiation generated. “Precautions must be taken in order to control any risks of exposure during the disposal of dust from grinding devices. welding. If alternatives are technically feasible. complemented if necessary by respiratory protective equipment. The risk of internal exposure during welding is considered negligible since the electrode is consumed at a very slow rate. “On the contrary.

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