EXERCISE: Read the following essay and then answer the questions below.

THE CASE FOR RESEARCH ESSAYS Introduction “Research essays” are a type of paper that gives students a period of time to investigate a topic in depth and produce an extended answer. The fact that they often take the place of final exams has made them somewhat controversial. hile there are some disadvantages with using such essays as an assessment tool! there are sound educational purposes underpinning this practice. This essay first considers the case against using research essays in lieu of final exams and then examines the reasons why such examines are ultimately beneficial for student learning. EXERCISE: Introduction. ". hat kind of essay will this be# $xpository! analytical! or argumentative# %. hat does the first sentence do# &. hat does the second sentence do# '. hat does the third sentence do# (. hat does the fourth sentence do# ). *s this a funnel introduction#

6onnelly < 6landinin! "==>! p.. These are taken from professional . hich of these introductions do you think is better# Teaching ES Student! to "Notice" #ra$$ar 1rancis 2. Rhetorically speaking! how do they describe the problem# (. Read both and then answer the following questions: ". Rinvolucri .MORE INTRODUCTIONS +elow are two more introductions. -re these funnel introductions# %. @tory and narrative are also prevalent in language learning . *s it possible to teach grammar in a way that will help students develop grammatical competency! even in spontaneous speech# This article explores a possible answer to this dilemma! the theory of noticing! and its application to the classroom."==/! as cited in Bilmore! %>>/? reported that! although over '>C of casual conversation consists of storytelling! it is 9largely unrepresented in language teaching materials: . The %o&er o' Stor( in the ES C)a!!roo$ +onnie 2. 1rom the ubiquitous 9tell me about yourself: of a . *n the first introduction: do we know what the organi. . The first introduction has no citations! and the second one does.%>>0? described storytelling as the oldest technique in second language . The strictly grammar5based instruction of traditional methods produced students that knew a lot about a language but could not apply what they knew to spontaneous speech..ation of the paper will be# /.2ones! %>>"?.ob interview to children imploring someone to 9please tell me a story: to the captivating nature of 9let me tell you a story!: we are surrounded by stories in our everyday lives. 3oonan *** 4any teachers are confused about how to teach grammar. hat will the first article be about# hat will the second article be about# '.p.ation of the paper will be# ). 3icholas! 4arian 2.see 8aran! %>>0! for a summary?! less research has focused on the approaches! benefits! and challenges of using learners: stories in the language classroom. +oth introductions set out a problem! and then propose to solve the problem. Rossiter! and 4arilyn 7. -re these intros written for expository! analytic or argumentative essays# &. 6onversely! the lack of grammar instruction in the 6ommunicative -pproach has often produced students who communicate well but lack grammatical competency. -bbott 8eople are 9storytelling organisms who! individually and collectively! lead storied lives . and tell stories of those lives: . %?.ournals. hile there is substantial research that has examined the use of literature in the 7% classroom . hy do you think the authors made these decisions# 0. ">%?.7%? learningA however! $ggins and @lade . *n the second introduction: do we know what the organi.

EXERCISE 3ow analy. 3-0014 there are three "asi points to ta%e into a ount &hen &e plan.). Teachers use all kinds of tools to help students with learning problems. *!! &. Those decisions will be related towards not only about time and type of activity! but also about materials to be used. All of them use one or another technique according to the learning disabilities presented among new approaches to deal with the learning situations in the students there are many useful techniques which are very popular and effective. -t the top of your homework! please submit your ORI#INA INTRODUCTION. 4. "ut also a histori al and refle tive do u*ent. his theories hanged language tea hing. natural order hypothesis. *n the year "=/=! Denri Dolec published his book “-utonomy and 1oreign 7anguage 7earning”A in this edition! he accounted that the ability to learn isnEt innate but acquired through natural or formal instruction. To quote a famous phrase about the rewriting process! don:t be afraid to “kill your babies”F . “@tudents who are successful are those who take some responsibility for their own learning” . !e has pu"lished over #$0 papers and "oo%s and his &or% has helped fields li%e se ond language a 'uisition.esson plans *ay "e only a *ental list of things to do in lass. 1 ording to 2ensen . -. input hypothesis. The decisions an autonomous learner takes are the base of an independent learningA since the result of making the right resolutions will turn into motivation. and the affe tive filter hypothesis. and reading.learning hypothesis.ISED INTRODUCTION.T.. 2ustify your grade by providing comments on the paragraph:s strengths and weaknesses. (ne of his "oo%s is “Principles and practice in second language acquisition” ) in this "oo% he suggested five *ain theories of language a 'uisition+ the a 'uisition. /hy do &e plan5 /hen and ho& do &e plan5 and /hat does a . 1. #rain $ym %#$& is the application of natural and specific movement e'periences to facilitate the learning process of various academic skills %(. *n language teaching and learning the concept of independent learning has been the fundamental matter. In the 70’s and 80’s.8lease rewrite your introductions taking into account my comments and suggestions and also the information we:ve discussed here. . +elow the original introduction! please submit your RE. in the 19 !"s a revolutionary technique was developed. or they *ay "e a detailed and lear do u*ent to follo& for others. HOME*OR+ . The new technique is called #rain $ym. /hile for so*e "eginning tea hers the lesson plan is an essential tool to *anage and rea h the o"0e tives in lass. for other tea hers &ith *ore experien e it is not also a resour e. "ilingual edu ation.esson plan loo% li%e5 &.7owes and Target! "==0?. the *onitor hypothesis. Stephen Krashen is a linguist expert of the University of California.e the following student paragraphs and give each of them a grade.

-lso! research essays can be less stressful than examinations as they allow students to show their understanding of content in less pressured circumstances. in examinations?! we are not giving all of our students equal opportunities. ''?. %='?.g.consequence of this is that feedback to students is frequently delayed! and this is much less useful to students than rapid feedback . @ome students are not daunted by the exam experience while others suffer Lexam nervesL and perform at the lowest level of their capabilities. $xams only provide students with a mark rather than specific feedback on their progress.p.ect areas. *t is partly because of these disadvantages of time and expense that other assessments such as multiple5 choice tests and short answer questions have an enduring place in the tertiary learning environment. "?.@ankey and 7iger! %>>(A Romney! %>"%?. '? -dditionally! 2ones et al. Gn the other hand! the time consuming nature of writing and marking essays points to some disadvantages that also need to be considered.e. Hang and +aker . This activity helps them to Icrack the codeI of the discipline .E ESSAYS Read the following essay and then answer the questions below. 1irstly! research tasks enhance understandings about sub. hile there are some disadvantages with using such essays as an assessment tool! there are sound educational purposes underpinning this practice. hat is the purpose of the final paragraph# . .%>>'! pp. "=%?. hat is the purpose of the second paragraph# &. /UESTIONS: ". Ksing research essays for assessment supports student learning better than the traditional examination system. Moes the essay follow the organi. This is mainly because they are very effective in developing knowledge and writing skills for sub.+loggs! %>>&! p.AR#UMENTATI.ected to the exam experience. @econdly! research .ational plan presented in the introduction# %.@ankey < 7iger! %>>(! p. Therefore! setting research essays for a substantial part of student assessment is a much fairer approach than one5off examination testing. The fact that they often take the place of final exams has made them somewhat controversial. THE CASE FOR RESEARCH ESSAYS “Research essays” are a type of paper that gives students a period of time to investigate a topic in depth and produce an extended answer.%>>(? reason that Ito master your learning materials and extend your understandings! you need to write about the meanings you gain from your researchI .ect matter. *t has been found that research essays consume a great deal of staff time and money to mark and student time to prepare .p.ect area while they are researching! reading and writing in their discipline.ect. To conclude! it seems that research essays continue to have a prominent role in tertiary education as an assessment tool. . *t is considered that essays focused on course5work can lessen the extreme stress experienced by some students over Lsudden5deathL end5of5semester examinations: *f we insist that all students write about everything they have learned in their study courses at the same time and in the same place . . hat are the three reasons the gives for why research essays are useful# '. Gn balance! however! research essays assist students in developing mastery of their sub. &)5&/? propose that research essays can be used to assess student learning mid5course and so provide them with helpful feedback before they are sub. onder Kniversity! %>>)! p. The weight of evidence! however! supports the writing of research essays for student assessment because this approach has such positive and proven effects for improved student learning. 6ritics of research essays point out that as an assessment tool! research essays have some disadvantages for lecturers and students .2inx! %>>'A Japper! %>>)? clearly demonstrates that students learn the writing conventions of a sub. This essay first considers the case against using research essays instead of final exams and then examines the reasons why such examines are ultimately beneficial for student learning.

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