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# Difference between Synchronous and Induction Motor

Difference between Synchronous and Induction Motor. While studying Electrical Machines especially AC Machines, you might ha e come across the ! types of motor that is synchronous and asynchronous motor. "f course the asynchronous motor is also called as induction motor. In this post we shall be comparing the two #inds of motor that is synchronous and induction motor. \$irst of all tal#ing about the synchronous motor. Synchronous Motor% &. Speed% Starting from its name 'synchronous(, this motor runs at synchronous speed whate er the amount of load it may be. )he speed of this #ind of motor is not dependent on the load. !. Starting Torque% )his motor does not ha e any self starting tor*ue, so some other au+iliary means ha e to be pro ided for starting the synchronous machine. ,. Excitation% Synchronous motor is a doubly e+cited machine. )he field winding that is rotor is e+cited using DC source and its stator that is armature winding is e+cited using AC source. In addition to that it can be made to operate at leading power factor from lagging power factor -ust by changing its e+citation.

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Efficiency% )his is comparati ely more efficient than induction motor. Cost% )his #ind of motor is much costlier that a similar rating induction motor.

Induction Motor%

Induction Motor

&. Speed% )he speed of induction motor is always less than the synchronous speed and it is dependent on the load since the speed decreases with the increase in load. !. Starting Torque% )his #ind of motor has its own self starting tor*ue. ,. Excitation% It is a singly e+cited machine where its stator windings are e+cited using an AC source. Contrary to the case of synchronous motor, induction motor wor#sonly under lagging power factor. .. Efficiency% It is comparati ely less efficient. /. Cost% )he cost of induction machine is less when compared with a synchronous motor of same rating.