March/April 2006

Bi-monthly Newsletter of the Canadian-Cuban Friendship Association Toronto


Vol. 27.2

A twenty-four hour vigil for Cuban victims of U.S. government-supported terrorism took place in Havana facing the U.S. Interest Section. Relatives of the victims held up a large picture of their deceased family member. Story by Susan Hurlich on page 4

DFAIT CONSULTATIONS — HULL/QUEBEC Feb 7/8 2006 — from Helen Santek, CCFA Niagara
The 62nd sessions of the UN/CHR (United Nations Commission on Human Rights) are scheduled to take place in Geneva from March 13 to April 21, 2006. In preparation for the Geneva Convention, the Canadian government agency DFAIT (Dept. of Foreign Affairs and International Trade) held its yearly consultations in Hull this year, having issued invitations to all interested parties and NGOs (Non Governmental Organizations) who wished to submit a presentation to a specific workshop. (Continued on page 2)

Join us at our Annual General Meeting
Thursday 25 May/06 6:30pm

Recycle Your Bikes — to Cuba
Come out and volunteer to load bikes onto a container that will go to Cuba. Food and Refreshments March 18/06 10am to 2pm Need about 30 volunteers so no one will be overworked. If you can help, contact Harold Hosein for details at: See you there!

6:30pm Refreshments 7:30pm Program – details will be in the May issue of Amistad CCFA Toronto at the Greek-Canadian Democratic Organization storefront 290 Danforth Ave (east of Chester Subway station) Everyone welcome!



DEFAIT CONSULTATIONS — Cont. from page 1 All told, 26 workshops took place over the two days. The inevitable U.S. sponsored resolution condemning the human rights record of Cuba is expected to once again surface this year like Medusa’s Head. Friends of Cuba in attendance presented a total of eleven presentations urging officials to vote against the anticipated U.S. resolution condemning Cuba for perceived human rights violations. Among the Friends of Cuba were: Phillip LaRoux — Table de Concertation; Marvin Glass — Chair of CNC; Michael Walsh — Amies de Quebec; Roger Clement — Ottawa/Cuba Connections; Lee Lorch and Geoffrey Allen — CCFA Toronto; Jim Docherty — CCFA Kingston; Elizabeth Hill — Association of United Ukrainian Canadians; Dave Thomas and Helen Santek — CCFA Niagara; as well as a few people who gave friendly addresses but were not associated with the Cuban friendship groups. A few written briefs were also submitted. UN/CHR Condemn U.S. Guantanamo Detention Centre — Having barely reached home, the explosive accusations of the five independent experts who serve as monitors for the UN Human Rights Commission hit world headlines. In great detail, their report starkly points an accusatory finger directly at the infamous U.S. Guantanamo Detention Centre. The ugliness of Camp Gitmo finally stands exposed to the world like a horror movie. Muslims randomly shanghaied like game by U.S.military, blindfolded, trussed up and transported directly to the Guantanamo hell hole. Prisoners held with no hope of a trial, prisoners tortured indiscriminately, prisoners who, to this day, are anonymously incarcerated with charges laid and condemned to a malodorous purgatory. U.S.accusations condemning human rights in Cuba, however falsely represented, are downright surreal in comparison. Utilizing the tortured logic of a serial fabricator, the U.S. continues to falsify its modus operandi not only in Cuba, but around the world as well. Our presentations in Hull — It is difficult to gauge the impact of our presentations in Hull, and more so, to secondguess how Canada will cast its valuable vote on the U.S. resolution condemning Cuba. [ In the past, Canada has not abstained but voted supporting the US. resolution] We hope that the international assembly in Geneva will judge the expected U.S. condemnation of Cuban human rights altruistically and ethically. The accumulating

evidence makes the task of separating the wheat from the chaff much easier. In the glare of world opinion that will follow, Canada must give credence to the image of decency, honour and fairness that we are known for around the world. Voting down the U.S. resolution is the right thing to do.

Cuban Travel and Bank Info

by Chico Oyler

This last trip to Havana I used the “Amigo Travel Card” from Transcard. Transcard has some advantages over using credit cards and traveller’s cheques. The fees are lower than credit card companies, and the card is usable in many different places. And most major Cuban cities also have Transcard offices. However, the one day when I really needed money, Presidente Chavez came to town and all the banks closed at noon. Normally the Banco Financiero Internacional (BFI) is open from 8:00am - 3:00pm, Monday - Friday. It was 2:00pm. and the Cuban friend we were with said “Don’t worry, the Cadecas in the Coppelia (Ice Cream Parlour in Vedado) at 23rd and L are open until 4:00pm.” Be forewarned! You cannot use your Transcard at the Cadeca, but you can change CDN $’s or use your credit card. Another tip —take brand new CDN bills when you travel to Cuba. If the bills are not in MINT CONDITION — if they are torn or written on in any way — you may not be able to exchange them for Convertible Pesos.

Volunteer in Cuba – Join the Canadian ‘Che Guevara’ Work Brigade!
Spend 3 weeks in Cuba doing agricultural or other work alongside Cubans. Gain a personal and intimate understanding of Cuba’s achievements. Departure from Toronto and other cities the end of July or in Feb. All ages welcome. For more info: The CCFA Toronto extends sympathy to the family and friends of

Gina Ocaranza
who died 20 February, 2006 after a long illness. A long time, active member of Free the Cuban Five Toronto Committee and a Chilean Freedom Fighter



José Martí’s 153rd Birthday Celebration
by Ann Nicholson

Recently back from a trip to Cuba with her parents, Councillor Joe Mihevic’s young daughter Catherine greeted this year’s José Martí birthday diners in Spanish while helping Joe MC this popular CCFA Toronto event.

Jean Shek, a lucky winner of one of the three bottles of Havana Club rum.

Toronto City Councillor Joe Mihevc and his daughter Catherine Toronto Cuban Consul General, Laureano Cardoso, praised CCFA Toronto as one of the older solidarity groups in the world. “You make a lot of effort to strengthen friendship between Canada and Cuba,” he said. Professor Keith Ellis spoke of the healing work Cuban doctors perform throughout the world, citing thousands of eyeoperations in Venezuela and recent medical aid in remote areas of Pakistan. “ Cuba uses science for life,” he said. Then Professor Ellis quoted Nicholas Guillen’s poem: Se Acabó (It’s Over) Martí promised it to you And Fidel carried it out; oh, Cuba, it’s over, it’s over forever here, it’s over, the thick manatee whip with which the Yankee beat you. It’s over. Marti promised it to you and Fidel carried it out. It’s over. Mitzi Concha read verses from Martí in English and Spanish, and then regaled the audience with some spicy, little known details about his love life. As usual, Pablo Terry and his band “Sol de Cuba” delighted dancers and listeners alike. OUR THANKS to all the volunteers who made this evening an enjoyable success for everyone.

Thirty-five visits to Cuba
Marge and John Nielen of Barrie, Ontario love Cuba. So much so, that Marge has visited 35 times, while her husband John is just two trips behind. “We first came in 1975 with Unitours. One week at El Tropico in Jibacoa, between Varedero and Habana cost $349,” said Marge, who used to work for the Industrial Accident Prevention Association. They have since travelled almost all over the Island, although a favourite spot is Marea del Portillo in Manzanillo province. “We’ve been here 21 or 22 times, said John, a retired District Sales Manager for Hiram Walker. Why do they come? “The people, the scenery, the peacefulness,” said John. “It’s the right price and Cubans are fantastic people,” adds Marge. John always brings tools and useful items, such as door handles, soldering irons and spirit levels with him. Back home, Marge collects eye glasses which she brings to the clinic in Pilon.



One Week in Cuba: Two Significant Events
excerpts, by Susan Hurlich, 10 Feb/06, Habana

1 — José Martí Prize for President of Venezuela — Upon receiving the UNESCOInternational “José Martí Prize” on Susan Hurlich February 3rd, Hugo Chavez Frias, (photo by Liz Hill) President of Venezuela, kept over 200,000 people spellbound as he spoke brilliantly — and at times poetically — in Plaza de la Revolucion. Nominated by six Latin American countries, UNESCO cast a unanimous vote that confirmed the award to Chavez, who was warmly embraced by Fidel after the latter bestowed the honour. It was Fidel who spoke about the impressive social programs that the Chavez government has been implementing for the past seven years for the Venezuelan people: the Literacy Campaign, which touched 1.5 million people and, when it concluded last October, led to Venezuela being declared free of illiteracy, then Mission Robinson 2 (up to 6th grade), Mission Ribas (adults completing high school), Mission Sucre (higher education), etc. Similar programs are burgeoning in Venezuela’s health care system. Chavez spoke mainly about the two intellectual and visionary pillars of Latin American liberation: Simon Bolivar and José Martí and how, if one truly follows in their footprints, the social well-being of a people will naturally be front and centre in the concerns of any nation As he spoke, Chavez wove in and out of not only Venezuela’s history of struggle — talking about such revolutionary patriots as Simon Rodriguez (Bolivar’s teacher), Antonio José de Sucre, Francisco Miranda and others — but also the history of the entire Latin American continent. He made frequent references to the region’s powerful aboriginal history, and to how Evo Morales, in becoming the first indigenous person in the continent to be elected president of a nation (Bolivia), is fulfilling the prophecy of famous Inca leader Tupac Katari, who, just before his death when being quartered by the Spanish conquistadores, said, “I am going, but one day I will return in the millions.” As Chavez says, and in this he underscores what Fidel himself has always said, the only true guarantee for the development and future of a nation is to have an educated, thinking people. Chavez told the story about how Brazilians living in the mountainous areas in the northern part of the country are going daily — by bus, bicycle, car, on foot — to communities just on the other side of the border with Venezuela to participate in classes under Mission

Sucre. It’s irrepressible — the desire for education. And it’s all part of the increasing integration that is slowly but surely taking on more force in Latin America, an integration in which both Cuba and Venezuela play a very central role. First Venezuela, then Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Chile. And now Bolivia, to whom Chavez will donate his U.S. $5,000 award prize to help combat the ravages of the recent floods. In Chavez’s words, this integration could be called many different things: the Alternativa Bolivariana para las Americas (ALBA) or the Martí Alternative of the Americas (ALMA). It’s perhaps no accident, as Chavez says, that in Spanish, ALBA means “dawn” and ALMA means “soul.” 2 — Twenty-Four Hour Vigil for Cuban Victims of U.S. Government supported terrorism — A solemn ceremony on February 6-7 took place at the recently expanded “José Martí” Anti-Imperialist Tribune in homage to those Cubans who have been victims of terrorist activities organized, financed or supported by the U.S. government. Cuban youth, dressed in black T-shirts, hoisted 138 black flags, each with a large single white star in the middle on new flag poles located in front of the U.S. Interest Section. (photo on page 1) In the words of Carlos Alberto Cremata, president of the Committee for the Victims of the Crime of Barbados, “they are white stars over a black background, representing the light of a people twho are in pain and mourning for their children and families.” Cremata was just a little boy when, in 1976, he learned that his father, co-pilot of the Cuban airline that was carrying the country’s entire national youth fencing team back home, was killed when his plane was downed by a bomb blast just off the coast of Barbados, killing all 73 on board. After the flag raising, a group of relatives and friends of the victims began a 24-hour vigil — facing the U.S. Interest Section — in which they each held a large picture of their beloved departed family member. These 138 picutures of victims represent the 3,478 Cubans who, since 1959, have died as a result of U.S. orchestrated a nd/or assisted terrorist acts: the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion, the 1976 Cuban airline bombing, a string of bombings in hotels in Havana in the late 1990s and more. Plus 2,099 Cubans were disabled in these attacks. For 24 hours, in dignity, sadness and determination, they stood. Every 15 minutes, those holding the placards changed. People from all sectors of Cuban society — workers, students, elders, artists, etc. And from all the mass organizations — women, farmers, the Committees in Defense of the Revolution, — took part. (cont. on page 8)



Excerpts from a speech by Foreign Minister Roque: We all know that the 45-year-old blockade imposed by the United States against Cuba has caused severe hardships for the Cuban people. What some of us may not know is that it is also causing great economic difficulties for the rest of the world. When Cuban Foreign Minister Felipe Peréz Roque addressed the United Nations General Assembly prior to its vote on the blockade, some startling facts emerged in his speech. Mr. Peréz said that “in May 2004, the Swiss bank, UBS, was fined 100 million dollars, the largest fine ever to be imposed on a banking institu tion for having supposedly violated the sanctions against Cuba.” The Minister explained that “over these past almost 47 years, the blockade has cost the Cuban people 82 billion dollars.” He then went on to list company after company around the world that has been adversely affected by the blockade [a few are listed below]: When the Brazilian company ORO ROJO was bought out by an American company, it cancelled its sale of tinned meat to Cuba, which formed part of the diet of people suffering from AIDS… On February 7, 2005 the FIRST CARIBBEAN INTERNATIONAL BANK of the Bahamas cancelled its transactions with Cuba due to the threat posed by the Government of the United States. The British bank, BARCLAYS, commented recently that it would do the same out of fear of U.S. sanctions. The Canadian company, VECO, which operates partially with American capital, had to cancel its planned participation in the development of capacities for fuel storage in Cuba. When the Danish company, SABROE, was bought by the U.S. company YORK, the existing operation to sell refrigeration compressors to Cuba, an integral part in the Cuban plan to distribute soy yogurt to children aged 7 and 13, was cancelled. It is because of this that, since 2004, the Dutch company, INTERVET, has been banned by the United States government from selling avian vaccines to Cuba, on the grounds that they contain an antigen produced in the United States.” The Mexican company, VAFE S.A. had to cancel the sale to Cuba of a material needed to produce domestic pressure cookers; it contained a raw material from the United States. In September 2004, the Swiss airline, NOVAIR, cancelled the lease contract with Cubana de Aviación of an Airbus 330, because it could not receive maintenance owing to the fact that, although the aircraft was made in Europe, it was produced using American technology. In October 2004, the Japanese company, HITACHI HIGH TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION, was unable to sell an electronic microscope to a prestigious Cuban hospital for the same reasons. “The blockade prohibits companies from third countries those which you are representing here - from exporting any product or equipment to the United States if it contains any Cuban raw material. Not one company in the world is allowed to export preserves to the United States if they contain Cuban sugar. Not one company in the world can export automobiles or any other equipment to the United States without first proving that the metal used to make them does not contain Cuban nickel.” “The blockade imposed by the Helms-Burton Law, prohibits companies from third countries from making investments in Cuba, under the pretext that these are linked to properties that could be claimed by the United States. Because of this executives from the Canadian company SHERRITT have been penalized, and last year, the Jamaican company, SUPERCLUBS, under this same threat, pulled out of trade with Cuba.” He concluded by saying that “the blockade affects not only the rights but the economic interests of the United States. According to a study made in June 2005 and published by the Business and Research Centre of the University of Southern Alabama, if the blockade were to be lifted, 100 thousand new jobs would be created and an additional income to the value of 6 billion would be generated for the American economy.” Mr. Peréz Roque’s speech gives us more than enough reasons to convince everyone why the blockade must be lifted – now!
In Canada, the mastercard company MBNA Canada recently hired a US service company and now Canadian citizens are told they can not use their card in Cuba! UPS Canada refuses to pick up anything from the Cuban Embassy or Consulates in Canada! and so on.... Is Canada a sovereign country or are we already just a colony of the USA?

Canada Cuba Literary Alliance
Submit prose, poetry, b/w Art; b/w photography to the CCLA Members’ Anthology Deadline May 30, 2006 We are also publishing a special chapter with the theme of “The Sky” for members or non-members. The members’ anthology is an essential part of our mission to advance literary solidarity between Canada and Cuba. For info or to become a member, contact:



U.K. Cuba Solidarity Campaign for the Five
Nobel prize winner, Harold Pinter, 110 Members of Parliament, the Mayor of London, and 15 Trade Union General Secretaries are among 10,000 British names on an open letter sent by U.K. Cuba Solidarity Campaign to the US Attorney General calling for the immediate release of the Cuban Five. These signatures join ten other Nobel Prize Winners and more that 5,000 intellectuals, Amnesty International and the US National Council of the Churches of Christ. An early motion in support of the Cuban Five introduced in the House of Commons in 2002 was signed by112 MPs, including Robin Cook, the former UK. Foreign Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons. The open letter was released by the British Cuba Solidarity Campaign (CSC) in advance of the new hearing on February 13, 2006 to gain publicity for the cause of the Five. Many British MPs were moved to add their names to the letter after a meeting at the House of Commons with Olga Salanueva, wife of René González during her visit to the UK. with her daughter Ivette. Olga and her seven-year-old daughter have been unable to visit René for five years because the U.S. refuses to grant her a visa. Open Letter Wording: Mr. Alberto Gonzales, Attorney General of the U.S. of A. According to information supplied by International Press, on August 9, 2005, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta declared null and void the decision passed in Miami which had condemned Gerardo Hernández Nordelo, René González Sehwerert, Ramón LabaZino Salazar, Antonio Guerrero Rodríguez and Fernando González Llort for infiltrating the extremist Cuban American groups in the south of Florida in order to obtain information about terrorist activities directed against Cuba. Their prison sentences had already been declared illegal by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention of the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations. For the past seven years, these five young men have been held in maximum security prisons; they have been held incommunicado in isolated cells for long periods of time and two of them have been denied the right to receive family visits. At this present time, considering the nullification of the sentence, nothing justifies their incarceration. This arbitrary situation, which is extremely painful for them and their families, cannot be allowed to continue. We, who have signed below, are demanding their immediate liberation. Further info at the following websites: and at

Media Fund for the Freedom of the Cuban Five
There is an International effort to raise $250,000 US dollars in order to pay for a media strategy in the US to publicize the case of the Cuban Five. These five Cubans are imprisoned in US jails because of their activities to prevent terrorist acts against Cuba. A sub committee of the CCFA Toronto is being established to help in this effort. I am part of this sub committee which is working jointly with the Canadian Network of Cuba. This is a six month campaign (started in January). Despite winning their appeal last August, the five Cubans are still being held captive. The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in May 2005, also declared the Miami trial as “illegal.” The Five Heroes Freedom Fund in the U.S. is not for payment of legal fees; it is for spotlighting the truth about the Cuban Five, not just by a second full page ad in the New York Times, but to meet the needs of a media strategy for a full scale all-out fight for their freedom. Updated information on the case of the Cuban Five can be found at: Donations (payable to ‘Mackenzie-Papineau Memorial Fund’) can be mailed to S. Skup, Treasurer, 56 Riverwood Terrace, Bolton, Ontario, L7E 1S4. On the memo line, write: “Media Fund for the Cuban 5” You will receive a tax receipt from the charity and 100% of your donation goes towards the ad and publicity to inform the US public of the unjust imprisonment of the Five. If you would like to get involved with the subcommittee of the CCFA Toronto, please phone me at 416-654-7105. This is a critical time – your efforts and support are important. Elizabeth Hill, President, CCFA Toronto



Cuba’s Coffee Revolution — Organic and Shade Grown
Excerpts from Greenliving Magazine, Spring 2005 by Gillian Deacon Torontonians love their coffee. An astonishing 1,630 retail coffee oulets have sprung up across the city, selling 900,000 cups of coffee a day. But have you ever wondered where all those coffee beans come from and, more importantly, the effect of such a huge demand on coffee-producing countries? Here are a few facts to give you a real jolt: -Three square centimetres of rainforest are destroyed for every cup consumed. -Coffee is one of the most heavily pesticide-sprayed food crops in the world. -Coffee is the number-one source of water pollution in most producing regions. Derek Zavislake is CEO of Merchants of Green Coffee, a Toronto-based importer of specialty, organic, fair-trade coffees. “The thing that makes overall coffee production the number one cause of rainforest destruction,” he says, “ is the trees in the regions surrounding the coffee plantations are cut down both to accommodate sun-grown coffee trees and to provide firewood to fuel the drying ovens, which dry the beans before they are ready for export.” Even though a few mainstream outlets offer at least one organic choice, not all organic coffees are created equal. However a cup of Cuban coffee is guaranteed guilt-free. In contrast with the heavily industrialized production of most other coffee-producing countries, Cuba stands out as an example of how pure and simple coffee production can be. It’s an ironic situation. Decades long US economic sanctions against Cuba left farmers without the access or means to pay for the chemicals and machinery required for more modern production. Because they have been forced to rely on traditional methods and available resources, Cuban coffee farmers have now become heroes in the world market for their organic, shade grown beans. In the El Oriente region, where the most popular Cuban beans are grown, small family farms have been growing coffee for over 150 years. Pruning and weeding are done with machetes. Most Cuban farmers diversify their plantings with orange, banana and grapefruit trees, placed to create the right shade conditions for the coffee trees. No synthetic chemical fertilizers or pesticides are used. The natural protection against leaf rust is a colourful tree snail that feeds on the fungi that threaten coffee trees. All the beans are picked by hand, by people who learned these methods from their grandparents.” As the market for organic products takes off, with a growth rate of 20 per cent (compared with 2 per cent for traditional foods), Cuban coffee is already the number one choice in Japan and Europe. The kicker, of course, is that the qualities that make the Cuban product more valuable mean these traditional methods must be maintained. Enter two Canadian organizations in partnership with Merchants of Green Coffee, all with an eye on the sustainability of the coffee industry in Cuba. World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Canada has had conservation teams on the ground in Cuba since 1994. With added funding from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), WWF Canada has created a program that allows (continued on page 8)

From CCFA Kingston

You are hereby cordially invited to participate in the

1st Trilateral Sister Cities Conference
Canada – Cuba – United States June 9 -11, 2006* Kingston, Canada
(*June 8th arrival recommended)
We welcome you to stay longer to enjoy the Kingston Area, vacation packages available!


Co-Sponsored by: Kingston-Cienfuegos Sister City Association & the U.S. - Cuba Sister Cities Association (USCSCA) Canadian, Cuban & US speakers and dignitaries

If you are interested in how to twin your city with a city in Cuba, here are answers and tips on how to go about it. For information and registration details, including travel assistance & logistical information, contact: Ms. Judy Gallant Email: or 1-613-542-6749 (evening)
The City of Kingston, on the 17th November 2004, became the first Canadian city to officially twin with a Cuban city when it publicly confirmed a Sister City agreement with the City of Cienfuegos, and to date, remains the only Canadian city to have done so. (continued on page 8)



Twinning - cont. from page


The topics to be explored will include:

Cuban Coffee - cont. from page 7
Canadian coffee consumers to give something back to the Cuban farmers themselves. Cuban coffee with the WWF Canada seal of approval costs an extra 25 cents per pound which is channelled directly to the local farmers, helping to pay for medical clinics, educational materials and some sustainable equipment for the growers. “The ultimate goal — a solar powered dryer — to cut the assault on surrounding forests for firewood,” says Zavislake. “This is more about putting your $2.99 latte towards a structured program operated by a trusted conservation organization to maintain high environmental stands in Cuba whole improving the conditions of working farmers there.” CCFA TORONTO STATEMENT The
Canadian-Cuban Friendship Association Toronto is active in promoting friendship, respect and co-operation between Canadian and Cuban peoples. Our activities are directed to providing info/events about Cuba to the public in areas such as culture, health, education, sports, etc., to defend both Cuban and Canadian sovereignty from U.S. interference and to end the illegal U.S. blockade of Cuba.

1)The logistics of forming Sister City relationships or ‘Twinning’; the Advantages and the Process, Empowerment of Local Grassroots Community; 2)The value of diverse people-to-people exchanges, the provision of forums for people-to- people diplomacy; The Benefits of Exchanges: Education, Healthcare, Social Services 3)The exchange of ideas between members of the represented municipalities from the three participating countries; Twinning: The Potential for Increased Commerce 4)The embracing by Canadian municipalities of the Sister City movement with municipalities in Cuba; Twinning and Arts and Culture 5)The empowerment of people and their communities through exchanges such as: Non Profit Sector: Sport Exchanges; Cultural Exchanges; Educational Exchanges; Healthcare Exchanges; Environmental Protection; Emergency Preparedness For Profit Sector: Tourism; Manufacturing; Imports and Exports (Agrifood)

Twenty-Four Hour Vigil for Cuban Victims of U.S. Government supported terrorism — cont. from page 4
Throughout the 24 hours, there was a special TV program including interviews with family members of the victims. Short clips were shown documenting the many terrorist acts to have taken place against Cuba. For Cubans, the protest is not just against terrorism against their own country and its citizens, but against terrorism against any people anywhere in the world, including against people within the U.S. itself. Cuba does not want revenge. Cuba wants justice. It is in this light that Cremata and other speakers at the opening ceremony denounced President George W. Bush’s government for wanting to free Luis Posada Carriles, who, along with Orlando Bosch, masterminded the Barbados bombing and many other attacks. Bosch, who was pardoned from other crimes by former President George Bush (George W’s father), today lives in Miami.

Amistad Editorial Committee
Editor: Ann Nicholson Assoc.Editor: Ardis Harriman Prod: Sharon Skup Distribution: Doug Oyler, Diane Bell Amistad is a bi-monthly newsletter of the CCFA Toronto produced with volunteer labour. The Editorial Cmte reserves the right to edit submitted material. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editorial staff. We encourage everyone interested to submit media articles, editorial ideas or letters. Produced with volunteer labour/Photocopied by union employees. Deadlines the 10th of every even month.