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[1]
www.arivukadal.com Cell No: 98651 30130





1. “fz;zpy; fye;jhd; fUj;jpy; fye;jhd;” vd;Dk; tho;j;Jg;ghliy vOjpatH ahH?
,uhkypq;f mbfshH
2. jpUtUl;gpufhr ts;syhH vd;Dk; rpwg;Gg;ngaH ngw;wtH ahH?
,uhkypq;f mbfshH
3. MrpupaH Fwpg;G:-
CH : flY}H khtl;lk; kUJ}u;> ngw;NwhH ,uhikah> rpd;dk;ikahH. E}y; :
[PtfhUz;a xOf;fk;> kDKiw fz;lthrfk;> ghly; jpUtUl;gh
4. ,uhkypq;f mbfshH grpj;JaH Nghf;fp kf;fSf;F cztspf; f ve;jr;rhiyia
mikj;jhH?
mwr;rhiyia
5. mwpTnewp tpsq;f ,uhkypq;f mbfshH epWtpa rig vJ?
Qhdrig
6. fhyk; 5.10.1823 Kjy; 30.1.1874 tiu





7. jpUf;Fwis ,aw;wpatH ahH?
jpUts; StH
8. jpUts; Stu; tho;e;j fhyk;?
fp.K. 31 vd;W $WtH
9. jpUts; Stupd; NtW rpy ngaHfs; ahit?
nre;ehg;NghjhH> nja;tg;GytH> ehadhH
10. jpUf;Fws; vj;jid tifahfg; gpupf;fg;gLfpwJ? mit ahit?
%d;W gpupTfs;. mit
1. mwj;Jg;ghy;> 2. nghUl;ghy;> 3. ,d;gj;Jg; ghy;
11. jpUf;Fwspy; xt;NthH mjpfhuj;jpw;Fk; 10 Fwl;ghf;fs; tP jk; vj;jid Fwl;ghf;fs;
cs; sd?
1330
12. jpUf;Fwspy; vj;jid mjpfhuq;fs; cs; sd?
133
13. jpUf;Fws; ve;j E}y;fSs; xd;W?
gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F
14. jpUf;Fwspd; NtW rpy ngaHfs; ahit?
Kg;ghy;> nghJkiw> jkpo;kiw
15. cyf kf;fshy; jpUf;Fws; vt;thW Nghw;wg;gLfpwJ?
cyfg; nghJkiw
jkpo; - nra;As; - tho;j;J
jpUtUl;gh
jpUf;Fws; md;Gilik
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16. nrhw;nghUs;:-
1. MHtyH - md;GilatH
2. Gd;fzPH - Jd;gk; fz;L ngUFk; fz;zPH
3. g+ry;jUk; - ntspg;gl;L epw;Fk;
4. vd;G - vYk;G (,q;F cly;> nghUs;> Mtpiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ)
5. <Dk; - jUk;
6. MHtk; - tpUg;gk;
7. tpUg;gk; vd;gjpd; nghUs; ahJ?
ntWg;ig ePf;fp tpUg;gj;ij cz;lhf; Fk; vd;gJ nghUs;
8. ez;G - el;G
9. itafk; - cyfk;
10. vd;g - vd;ghHfs;
11. kwk; - tPuk;
12. vd;gpyJ - vYk;gpy;yhjJ (GO)
13. md;gpyJ - md;gpy;yhj capHfs;
14. md;G + mfj;J + ,y;yh - md;G cs;sj;jpy; ,y;yhj
15. td;ghw;fz; - td;ghy; + fz; - ghiyepyj;jpy;
16. jspHj;jw;W - jspHj;jJ Nghy
17. tw;wy;kuk; - thba kuk;
18. Gwj;JWg;G - cly; cWg;Gfs;
19. vtd; nra;Ak; - vd;d gad;?
20. mfj;JWg;G - kdj;jpd; cWg;G





17. jkpo;j;jhj;jh vd;W ahiu miof;fpd;Nwhk;?
c.Nt.rh
18. c.Nt.rhkpehjH Xiyr;Rtbia ve;j Cupy; vLj;jhH?
<NuhL khtl;lj;jpy; cs; s nfhLKb
19. goq;fhyj;jpy; gidXiyapy; vij itj;J vOJthHfs;?
vOj;jhzp
20. goq;fhyj;jpy; nra;As;> ,yf;fzk; ve;jr;Rtbapy; vOjg;gl;ld?
Xiyr;Rtbapy;
jpUts; StH Mz;L fzf;fpLk; Kiw fpwpj;J Mz;L (fp.gp.) +31
= jpUts; StH Mz;L (vLj;Jf; fhl;L) 2010 + 31 (fp.gp.2010 =
jpUts; StH Mz;L 2041) vd;W $WNthk;
ciueil
jkpo; j;jhj;jh c.Nt.rh
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21. Xiyr;Rtb vOj;Jf;fspy; vJ ,Uf;fhJ?
Gs;sp> xw;iwf;nfhk;G> ,ul;ilf;nfhk;G NtWghL ,Uf;fhJ
22. vOj;jhzp nfhz;L vOJk; Xiyf;F vd;d ngaH?
Xiyr;Rtb
23. ekf;fhfj;jhspy; vOjp> mr;rpl;Lg;Gj;jfj;ij toq;fpatH ahH?
c.Nt.rhkpehja;aH
24. FwpQ;rpg;ghl;L vd;Dk; Rtbapy; vj;jid tifahd g+f;fspd; ngaHfs;
,Ue;jd?
njhz;Z}w;W xd;gJ
25. FwpQ;rpg;ghl;L vd;Dk; E}ypd; MrpupaH.
fgpyH
26. Xiyr;Rtbfs; ghJfhf;fg;gLk; rpy ,lq;fs; ahit?
1. fPo;j;jpirf; Rtbfs; E}yfk;> nrd;id
2. muR Mtzf;fhg;gfk;> nrd;id
3. cyfj;jkpo; Muha;r; rp epWtdk;> nrd;id
4. ruRtjp kfhy;> jQ;rht+H
27. c.Nt.rhkpehja;aH ve;j Cupy; gpwe;jhH?
jpUth&H khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s cj;jkjhdGuk;
28. c.Nt.rhkpehja;aupd; ,aw;ngaH vd;d?
Ntq;fluj;jpdk;
29. c.Nt.rh.tpd; MrpupaH ngaH ?
kfhtpj;Jthd; kPdhl;rp Re;juk; gps; is
30. MrpupaH c.Nt.rhkpehja;aUf;F itj;j ngaH vJ?
rhkpehjd;
31. c.Nt.rh tpupj;Jf; $Wf?
cj;jkjhdGuk; Ntq;fl Rg;igaH kfdhd rhkpehjd;.
32. c.Nt.rh. ve;j Mz;L gpwe; jhH?
19.2.1855
33. c.Nt.rh ve;j Mz;L ,aw;if va;jpdhH?
28.4.1942
34. jkpo;j;jhj;jhtpd; tho;f;if tuyhw;wpd; E}ypd; ngaH ahJ?
vd;rupjk;
35. c.Nt.rh tho;f;if tuyhw;iw ve;j ,jopy; njhluhf vOjpdhH?
Mde;j tpfld;
c.Nt.rh. gjpg;gpj;j E}y;fs;
1. vl;Lj;njhif 8
2. gj;Jg;ghl;L 10
3. rP tfrpe;jhkzp 1
4. rpyg;gjpfhuk; 1
5. kzpNkfiy 1
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6. Guhzq;fs; 12
7. cyh 9
8. Nfhit 6
9. J}J 6
10. ntz;gh E}y;fs; 13
11. me;jhjp 3
12. guzp 2
13. Kk;kzpf;Nfhit 2
14. ,ul;il kzpkhiy 2
15. ,jugpuge;jq;fs; 4
36. c.Nt.rh. E}y; epiyak; ve;j Mz;L epWtg;gl;lJ?
1942
37. c.Nt.rh. E}y; epiyak; ve;j efupy; njhlHe;J nray;gl;L tUfpwJ?
nrd;idapy; cs;s ngrd;l; efH
38. c.Nt.rh. mtHfspd; jkpo;g; gzpfisg; ghuhl;ba ntspehl;L mwpQHfs; ahH?
[p.A.Nghg;> #ypa]; tpd;Nrhd;
39. eLtz; muR>c.Nt.rh.mtHfspd; jkpo;j;njhz;bidg; ngUikg;gLj;Jk; tifapy;
_____ Mk; Mz;L mQ;ry; jiy ntspapl;Lr; rpwg;gpj;J cs;sJ.
2006 Mk; Mz;L




40. [g;ghdpy; ve;j ve;j ,uz;L ,lq;fspy; mnkupf; fh Fz;L tP rpaJ?
1. `pNuhrpkh 2. ehfrhfp
41. rlNfh ve;j ehl;Lr;rpWkp?
[g;ghd;
42. [g;ghdpaH tzq;Fk; gwit vJ?
nfhf;F
43. mutpe;j Fg;jh vOjpa E}y;.
nld; ypl;by; gpq;fH];






44. ,yf;fzk; vjw;Fj; Njitg; gLfpwJ?
ehk; NgRk; nkhopia> vOJk; nkhopiar; rupahfg; Gupe;J nfhs;tjw;F
45. jkpopd; Kjy; vOj;J vJ?
Jizg;ghlk;
filrptiu ek;gpf;if
fhfpjj;jpy; cUtq;fs; nra;Ak; fiyia [g;ghdpaH xupfhkp vd;W $WtH.
,yf;fzKk; nkhopj;jpwDk;
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m
46. „m‟ vd;Dk; vOj;J vjidf; Fwpf;Fk;?
kdpjd;
47. „q; ‟ vd;w vOj;Jf; Fg; gpd;dhy; tUk; ,d vOj;J vJ?
f
48. kQ;rs; > mQ; rhNj vd;Dk; ,t; tpuz;L nrhw;fspy; vit el;G vOj;Jf;fs;?
Q; r
49. „e; ‟ kw;Wk; „d;‟ ,t;tpuz;Lk; vd;d vOj;Jfs;?
nka;
50. „r; ‟ vd;gJ nka;naOj;J „v‟ vd;gJ capnuOj;J ,t;tpuz;Lk; NrUk; NghJ
khWtJ?
Fwpy;
51. „r; ‟ vd;gJ nka;naOj;J „V‟ vd;gJ capnuOj;J ,t;tpuz;Lk; NrUk; NghJ
khWtJ?
neby;
52. gpupj;J mwpjy; :-
1.jkf;FupaH - jkf;F + cupaH
2. md;gPDk; - md;G + <Dk;
3. epoyUik - epoy; + mUik
53. c.Nt.rh.tpd; ek;gpf;iff;Ff; fhuzk; vd;d?
mtUila MHtk;
54. “Kaw;rp jpUtpid Mf;Fk;” vdf; $wpatH.
jpUts; StH




55. “eha;f; fhy; rpWtpuy; Nghy;” vd;Dk; ehybahH ghliyg; ghbatH ahH?
rkzKdptH
56. nrhw;nghUs;
1. eha;f; fhy; - ehapd;fhy;
2. <f;fhy; - <apd;fhy;
3. ed;fzpaH - ed;F + mzpaH
4. mzpaH - neUq;fp ,Ug;gtH
5. vd;dhk; - vd;d gad;
6. Nra; - J}uk;
7. nra; - tay;
57. ehybahH ve;j E}y;fSs; xd;W .
gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F
58. ehybahupy; vj;jid ghly;fisf; nfhz;Ls;sJ?
,ay;-2
nra;As; - ehybahH
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400
59. ehybahupd; kw;nwhU rpwg;Gg;ngaH vJ?
ehyb ehD}W
60. ehybahiu ,aw;wpatH ahH?
rkz KdptH
61. gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F - tpsf;fk;
rq;f E}y;fs; vdg;gLgit gj;Jg; ghl; Lk; vl;Lj;njhifAk;. gj;Jg; ghl;by; gj;J
E}y;fSk;> vl;Lj; njhifapy; vl;L E}y;fSk; cs;sd. nkhj;jk; gjpndl;L
E}y;fs;. ,tw;iw Nky;fzf;F E}y;fs; vd;W $Wk; tof;fKk; cz;L.
rq;f E}y;fSf;Fg;gpd; Njhd;wpa E}y;fspd; njhFg;G gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F vd;W
toq;fg;gLfpwJ. ,j;njhFg;gpYk; gjpndl;L E}y;fs; cs;sd. gjpndz; vd;why;
gjpndl;L vd;W nghUs;. ,e;E}y;fisf; fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; vd;Wk; $WtH.
gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fSs; ngUk;ghyhdit mwE}y;fNs



62. “MAjk; nra;Nthk; ey;y fhfpjk;” vd;w ghujNjrk; ghliyg; ghbatH ahH?
kfhftp ghujpahH
63. nrhw;nghUs;
1. jiyrhAjy; - Xa;e;J gLj;jy;
2. tz;ik - nfhil
3. cOgil- tptrhak; nra;ag;gad;gLk; fUtpfs;
4. Nfhzp - rhf;F
5. eil - rhiyapy; nry;Yk; tz;bfs;
6. gwg;G - gwf;Fk; tpkhdk; Nghd;wit
7. Qhyk; - cyfk;
8. cte;J nra;Nthk; - tpUk;gpr; nra;Nthk;
9. jkpo;kfs; - xsitahH
10. NkytH - NkNyhH
11. fPotH - fPNohH
12. kw;NwhH - gpwHf;F cjTk; NeHik mw;NwhH
13. newpapdpd;W - mwnewpapy; epd;W
64. jkpo;ehl;bd; Gfo;ngw;w ftpQH ahH?
ghujpahH
65. ghujpahH vt;thW nfhz;lhlg;gl;ltH?
ghl;Lf;nfhU Gytd; ghujp
66. Rje;jug; Nghuhl;l tPuH ahH?
kfhftp ghujpahH
67. kfhftp ghujpahH tho;e;j fhyk;?
11.12.1882 Kjy; 11.9.1921 tiu
ghuj Njrk;
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68. ve;j Cupy; gl;lhNr ntbg;gjpy;iy?
jpUney;Ntyp khtl;lj;jpy; cs; s rpwpa fpuhkk; $e;jd;Fsk;
69. gwitfs; Vd; ehL tpl;L ehL gwe;J tUfpd;wd?
gUtepiy khWk; NghJ
70. gUtepiy vd;why; vd;d?
ntapy; kpfTk; mjpfkhf ,Uf;Fk;
71. gUtepiy ve;j khjj;jpy; Vw;gLk;?
Nk khjk;
72. gUtepiy khw;wk; vd;gJ?
ntapYk;> kioAk;> gdpAk; khwp khwp tUtJ
73. gwitfs; ntapy; kw;Wk; gdp $Ljyhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ NtW ,lj;jpw;F
nry;tjw;F vd;d ngaH?
tyir Nghjy;
74. gioafhyj;jpy; ek; Kd;NdhHfs; ,d;iwf;F kio tUk; vd;W vg;gbf; $WtH?
gwitfs; ,lk; khWtij itj;J



75. ek; ehl;by; vj;jid gwitfs; cs; sd?
Vwj;jho ,uz;lhapuj;J ehD}W
76. gwitfis vj;jid tifahfg; gpupf;fyhk;? mit ahit?
Ie;J tifahfg; gpupf;fyhk;
1.Njidf; Fbj;J thOk; gwitfs;
2.goj;ij cz;L thOk; gwitfs;
3.g+r;rpiaj; jpd;W thOk; gwitfs;
4.Ntl;ilahb cz;Zk; gwitfs;
5.,we;j cly;fis cz;L thOk; gwitfs;
77. rkntsp kuq;fspy; thOk; rpy gwitfs; ahit?
kQ;rs; rpl;L> nrq;fhfk;> Rliyf; Fapy;> gdq;fhil> J}f;fzhq; FUtp.
78. ePHepiyfspy; thOk; gwitfs; ahit?
nfhf;F> jhiof;Nfhop> gtsf;fhyp> Mw;W cs;shd;> Kf;Fspg;ghd;> ehiu>
mupths; %f;fd;> fuz;bthad;> Crpthy;thj;J.
79. kiyfspy; thOk; rpy gwitfs; ahit?
,Uthr;rp> nre;jiyg;g+q;FUtp> kpd;rpl;L> fUQ;rpd;dhd;>ePyfpup nel;ilf;fhyp>
nghd;KJF kuq;nfhj;jp> rpd;df;FWthd; nfhz;il cothud;> ,uhrhspg; gUe;J>
g+kd; Me;ij
ciueil - gwitfs; gytpjk;
cyfk; KOtJk; ,Ue;J gy ehl;Lg;gwitfs; te;J jq;fp ,Uf;Fk;
,lj;Jf; Fg; ngaH jhd; gwitfs; ruzhyak;.
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80. $e;jd; Fsk; fpuhkj;J kf;fs; Vd; gl;lhR ntbf; fhkYk; Nksk; mbf;fhkYk;
,Uf;fpd;wdH.
gwitfs; gae; Jtplhky; ,Uf;f


1. Ntle;jhq;fy;
2. fupf;fpsp (fhQ;rpGuk; khtl;lk;)
3. fQ;rpuq;Fsk;
4. rpj;jpuq;Fb
5. Nky;nry;tD}H (,uhkehjGuk; khtl;lk;)
6. goNtw;fhL (jpUts;SH khtl;lk;)
7. cjakhHj;jhz;lk; (jpUth&H khtl;lk;)
8. tLt+H (jQ;rht+H khtl;lk;)
9. fiuntl;b (nguk;gY}H khtl;lk;)
10. Ntl;lq;Fb (rptfq;if khtl;lk;)
11. nts;NshL (<NuhL khtl;lk;)
12. $e;jd; Fsk; (jpUney;Ntyp khtl;lk;)
13. Nfhbaf;fiu (ehfg;gl;bdk; khtl;lk;)




81. ghk;Gg; gz;iz vq;F cs; sJ?
nrd;idf; fpz;b
82. ghk;Gfs; ve;j tifiar; rhHe;jit?
CHtd tifia
83. cyfj;jpy; vj;jid tif ghk;Gfs; cs;sd?
,uz;lhapuj;J vOE}w;W Ik;gJ
84. ,e;jpahtpy; vj;jid tifahd ghk;Gfs; cs;sd?
,UE}w;W ehw;gj;J ehd;F
85. ghk;Gtiffspy; vj;jid ghk;GfSf;F kl;Lk; er;Rj;jd; ik cz;L?
Ik;gj;jpuz;L
86. ghk;G tpOq;Ffpw vyp> jtisfs; clk;gpy; cs; s _____ mjw;Fg; NghJk;.
ePHr;rj;Nj.
ghk;gpdk;> cyfpy; kdpj ,dk; Njhd;Wtjw;Fg; gj;Jf; Nfhb Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Ng
Njhd;wpaJ. ,e;jpahtpYs;s ,uh[ehfk; jhd; cyfpNyNa kpf eP skhd eQ;Rs; s
ghk;G. 15mb ePsKilaJ $Lfl; b thOk; xNu tifg; ghk;G ,J ,uh[ ehfk;>
kw;w ghk;GfisNa $l czthf;fpf; nfhs; Sk;. ghk;Gfspd; gw;fs; cs;Nehf; fp
jkpo; ehl;by; cs;s gwitfs; ruzhyaq;fs; (Gfyplq;fs;):
Jizg;ghlk; - ghk;Gfs;
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tise;jpUf;Fk; ,iuiag; gpbj;jhy; jg;gtplhJ. ghk;Gfs; ,iuiankd;W
jpd;gjpy;iy. mg;gbNa tpOq;fptpLfpd;wd.
87. ghk;G vjw;fhf vr;rpypy; eQ;R itj;jpUf;fpwJ?
,iuiaf; nfhy;yTk;> nrupkhdj; jpw;fhfTk;
88. ghk;G ve;j mjpHTfis czHe;J Kd;ndr;rupf;ifahf ,Uf;fpwJ.
jiuapd;
89. ghk;G ahUf;F ez;gd; ?
tptrhapfSf;F




90. capH vOj;Jfs; vj;jid tifg;gLk;? mit ahit?
gd;dpuz;L. m> M> ,> <> c> C> v> V> I> x> X> xs.
91. nka; vOj;Jfs; vj;jid? mit ahit?
gjpndl;L. f;> q;> r;> Q;> l;> z;> j;> e;> g;> k;> a;> H> y;> t; > o;> s;> w;> d;.
92. jkpopYs;s Kjy; vOj;Jfs; nkhj;jk; vj;jid?
Kg;gJ
93. md;whl Ngr;rpYk;> vOj;jpYk;> ve;j vOj;Jfs; gad;gLfpd;wd?
fp> rp> gp> b> jp> kp.
capnuOj;J 12
nka;naOj;J 18
capH nka; vOj;J 216
Ma;j vOj;J 1
nkhj;jk; 247
94. Fwpy; vOj;Jfs; vj;jid? mit ahit?
Ie;J. m> ,> c> v> x
95. Fwpy; vOj;Jfs; nka; vOj;Jf;fNshL NrUk; NghJ ___ vOj;Jfs;
cz;lhfpd;wd.
capH nka;f;Fwpy;
xU ghk;igf; nfhd;why;> mjd; ,izg;ghk;G gop thq;Fk; vd;W
nrhy;tJz;L. ,J cz;ikad;W. nfhy;yg;gl;l ghk;gpd; clk;gpypUe;J
ntspNaWk; xUtif thridj; jputpak; kw;wg; ghk;GfisAk; me;j ,lk;
Nehf; fp tutiof;fpwJ. gopthq;f> ghk;Gfs; tUtjpy;iy. ghk;G jd; ehf; if
mbf;fb ntspNa ePl;Lk;. Rw;Wg;Gwj;jpd; thridia mwpe;J nfhs;sj;jhd;
ghk;G mt;thW nra;fpwJ. ey;y ghk;gpd; eQ;R Nfhg;uhf; rpd; (Cobrozin) vDk;
typePf;fp kUe;J jahupf;fg;gad;gLfpwJ. ,e;jpa muR tdtpyq;Fg;
ghJfhg;Gr; rl;lk; 1972 ,d; gb> NjhYf;fhfg; ghk;Gfs; nfhy;yg;gLtijj;
jLf;f rl; lk; epiwNtw;wp cs; sJ.
,yf;fzKk; nkhopj;jpwDk;
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96. neby; vOj;Jfs; vj;jid? mit ahit?
M> <> C> V> I> X> xs
97. neby; vOj;Jfs;> nka;naOj;Jf; fNshL NrUk; NghJ ______ vOj;Jfs;
cz;lhfpd;wd.
capHnka;neby;
98. fPo;f;fhZk; nrhw;fisf; nfhz;L thf;fpaq;fis mikf;fTk;.
1. fy; - rpw;gq;fs; fy;ypy; nrJf;fg;gLk;
2. fhy; - Nrw;W epyj;jpy; fhiy mOe;j Cd; wp nkJtha; elf; f Ntz;Lk;
3. Fil - ntapypypUe;Jk; kioap ypUe;Jk; ek;ikf; fhg;gJ> Fil
4. $il - %q;fpy;fshy; $ilfs; Kilag;gLfpd;wd
99. NrHj;J vOJf
1. kzk; + cz;L = kzKz;L
2. rpyH + mOthH = rpyuOthH
3. Gfo; + ,oe;Njd; = Gfopoe;Njd;
100. gpupj;J vOJf
1. ,Uk;ghzpfs; - ,Uk;G + Mzpfs;
2. nfhy;yUiy - nfhy;yH + ciy
3. Ntwpy;iy - NtW + ,y;iy
101. ey;y jkpo;r; nrhw;fis mwpNthk;
1. tha;f; fhy; - Mw;wpd; xU rpWfpisNa tha;f;fhy; MFk;
2. nra; - ed;nra; epyq;fspy; ney;Yk; fUk;Gk; kpFjpaha; tpisAk;
3. tz;ik - nghUs; ,y;yhjtHf; Ff; nfhLf;Fk; tz;ikf;Fzk; vy;yhUf;Fk;
Ntz;Lk;
4. Qhyk; - ,e;j Qhyj;jpy; cs;NshH midtUk; ek; cwtpdNu
102. gpd;tUk; epfo;TfSf;fhd fhuzj;ijf; fz;lwpe;J vOJf
1. kdpjHfs; ahidia Ntl;ilahlf; fhuzk; - je;jk;
2. cyfk; ntg;gkilaf; fhuzk; - thfdg;Gif
3. MWfs; khrilaf; fhuzk; - njhopw;rhiyf; fopT
4. kio Fiwaf; fhuzk; - fhLfs; mopg;G



103. jd; vOj;Jld; kl;Lk; NrUk; vOj;Jfs; cldpiynka;; kaf;fk;
v.fh gf;fk;> mr;rk;
104. jd; vOj;Jld; NruhJ gpw vOj;Jf; fSld; NrUk; vOj;Jfs;.
Ntw;W epiy nka;;kaf;fk;
v.fh. rhHG> tho;f;if



vOj;Jf;fSk; cwTk;
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105. “kidf;F tpsf;fk; klths;” vd;Dk; ehd;kzpf;fbifg; ghliy ghbatH ahH?
tpsk;gpehfdhH
106. nrhw;nghUs;
1. klths; - ngz;
2. jifrhy; - gz;gpy; rpwe;j
3. kdf;fpdpa - kdj;Jf;F ,dpa
4. fhjy; Gjy;tH - md;Gkf;fs;
5. Xjpd; - vJntd;W nrhy;Yk; NghJ
6. Gfo;rhy; - Gfioj;jUk;
7. czHT - ey;nyz;zk;
107. ehd;kzpf;fbif ve;j E}y;fSs; xd;W.
gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F
108. FLk;gj;jpd; tpsf; F ahH?
ngz;
109. fbif vd;gJ
mzpfyd; (eif)
110. ehd;kzpf;fbif vd;gjd; nghUs;.
ehd;F kzpfs; nfhz;l mzpfyd;
111. ehd;kzpf;fbifapd; MrpupaH ahH?
tpsk;gpehfdhH
112. tpsk;gp - CHg;ngaH@ ehfdhH vd;gJ Gytupd; ,aw;ngaH



113. vOj;J topahf tuhky; ghbg;ghb tha;topahfg; guTfpw ghl; L vJ?
ehl;Lg;Gwg;ghl; L
114. Foe;ijiaj; jha; njhl;bypypl;Lg;ghLk; ghl; Lf;F ngaH vd;d?
jhyhl;Lg;ghly;
115. Kw;fhyj;jpy; jhyhl;Lg; ghly;fis vt;thW $wp te;jhHfs;?
fpuhkpag;ghly;fs;
116. nrd;id Nghd;w ngU efuq;fspy; kf;fs; ghLk; _____ $l ehl;Lg;Gwg; ghly;.
fhdhg;ghly;
117. flYf;Fr; nrd;W kPd;gpbf; Fk; kPdtHfs; vd;d ghl; L ghLthHfs;?
ehl;Lg;Gwg;ghly;
118. ehl;Lg;Gwg; ghly;fisf; fPo;f;fhZk; tiffshfg; gpupf; fyhk;:
jhyhl;Lg;ghly;fs;> tpisahl;Lg;ghly;fs;> njhopy; ghly;fs;>
rlq;Fg;ghly;fs;> nfhz;lhl;lg;ghly;fs;> topghl;Lg;ghly;fs;
,ay; 3
nra;As; - ehd;kzpf;fbif
ciueil - MuhNuh MupuNuh
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xg;ghupg;ghly;fs;
119. gpwe; j Foe;ijf;fhfg; ghLk; ghly; vJ?
jhyhl;Lg;ghly;
120. nfhQ;rk; tsHe;j gps;isfs; ghLk; ghly; vJ?
tpisahl;Lg;ghly;
121. fisg;G eP q;f> Ntiy nra;NthH ghLtJ vJ?
njhopy; ghly;
122. jpUkzk; kw;Wk; gpw epfo;Tfspy; ghLtJ vJ?
rlq;Fg; ghly;> nfhz;lhl;lg;ghly;fs;
123. rhkp Fk;gpLNthH ghLk; ghly; vJ?
topghl;Lg;ghly;
124. ,we;NjhUf;Fg; ghLk; ghly; vJ?
xg;ghupg;ghly;fs;




125. kf;fs; neUf;fk; kpFe;j efuk; vJ?
nfhy;fj;jh



126. tpy;ypypUe;J Gwg;gl;l mk;igg; Nghyg; gha;e;J rhiyf;F te;jtH ahH?
tpNtfhde;jH.
127. gpw;fhyj;jpy; cyfk; Gfo; caHe;j Rthkp ahH?
tpNtfhde;jH
128. tpNtfhde;jupd; kWngaH vd;d?
eNue;jpuehj;






129. Nfhopaf; Nfl; lh Mdk; fhr;Rthq;f...? Mdk; vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?
Fok;G
130. msf;Fw ehopf;F mftpiy njupAkh? ehop vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?
jhdpaq;fis msf;Fk; gb
131. mftpiy vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?
jhdpa tpiy
132. jpwe;j tP l;Lf;Fj; jpwTNfhy; vJf;F? jpwTNfhy; vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?
rhtp
133. xw;W vdg;gLtJ ahJ?
nka;naOj;J
Jizg;ghlk; - tPur;rpWtd;
vOj;jhsH [hdfpkzhsd; vd;ghUila mwpit tsHf;Fk; mw;Gjf;
fijfs; vd;Dk; E}ypypUe;J ,r;rpWfij vLj;jhsg;gl;Ls;sJ.
,yf;fzKk; nkhopj;jpwDk;
ehl;Lg;Gwj; jkpo; mwpNthk;
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134. xw;nwOj;ijr; NrHj;J vOJf
ghliy+nrhd;Ndd; = ghliyr; nrhd;Ndd;
flTis+fz;Nld; = flTisf; fz;Nld;
goj;ij+jpd;Nwd; = goj;ijj; jpd;Nwd;
fz;zDf;F+nfhLj;Njd; = fz;zDf;Ff; nfhLj;Njd;
kJiuf;F+nry;Nthk; = kJiuf;Fr; nry;Nthk;

யில஬ப஧டடனல
TNPSC BOOKS

TET BOOKS
ய.எண பததகததின ப஧னர யில஬
1 GK 17,000 யி஦ா யிலைகள 300
2 GK1000 யி஦ா - யிலைகள 29
3 இனர பக 2012 100
4 இனர பக 2013 150
5 தநிமக யப஬ாற, இநதின யப஬ாற 180
6 பயினினல 3000 யி஦ா - யிலைகள 110
7 இநதின ததசின இனககம, இநதின அபசின஬லநபப, இநதினப ப஧ார஭ாதாபம 160
8 ப஧ாதததநிழ 120
9 ப஧ாத அ஫ிவ 130
10 CURRENT AFFAIRS ENGLISH MEDIUM 55
11 GK சகசஸ நாத இதழ 30
12 தநிழ அ஫ிஞரகளம, தநிழதபதாணடம 200
13 ஥ைபப ஥ிகழவகள 2013 ச஦யர பதல ஆகஸட யலப 100
14 TNPSC தநிழ இ஬ககின யப஬ாற 160
15 ந஦தி஫ன ததரவ 110
16 TNPSC GR. II பநலதன ஆணடக஭ின யி஦ா - யிலை (7 ஆணடகள) 130
17 6 ஆம யகபப பதல 12ஆம யகபப யலப தநிழ யி஦ா - யிலைகள 160
18 TNPSC & VAO 500
19 VAO ப஧ாதததநிழ 15 நாதிர யி஦ா யிலைகள 90
20 தயல஬ – யமிகாடட (All Competitive Examination Used) 500
21 யப஬ாற 6 to 10 யகபபகள 110
22 TNPSC & VAO கணிதம (6 to 8) 150
23 TNPSC & VAO கடலநனினல, பயினினல, ப஧ார஭ாதாபம 160
24 TNPSC & VAO அ஫ியினல 130
25 VAO 25/25 யி஦ா யிலைகள 99
ய.எண பததகம ப஧னர யில஬
1 6 ஆம யகபப பதல 12ஆம யகபப யலப தநிழ யி஦ா - யிலைகள 160
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TRB

OTHER BOOKS


பததகம கிலைககம இைஙகள
வ.எண கடையின பெயர - பொடலபெசி. எண
1. பசனடை 9094826254
2. மதடர 8012343368
3. பகொடவ 9994343334
4. பசலம 9842428861
5. தததககட 9443833333
6. ிரபெலபவலி 9750216789
7. கனைியொகமர 9894846425
8. ிரவணணொமடல 9994063702
9. ெொமககல 9894217248
10. ிரசசி 9944144222
11. பெரமெலர 9894495845
12. அரயலர 9843427724
13. பதகபகொடடை 9659765900
2 TET பதல தாள (1056) ஧ககம 400
3 TET தநிழ, ஆஙகி஬ம, கமநலத தநம஧ாட நறறம கற஧ிததல பல஫கள 180
4 TET - கணிதம 150
5 TET - அ஫ியினல 130
6 TET - யப஬ாற 110
7 TET - கடலநனினல, பயினினல, ப஧ார஭ாதாபம 160
8 TET- SELF TEST PAPER நாதிர ததரவ 65
வ.எண பதகதின பெயர விடல
1 தநிழகக஭ஞசினம 10,000 யி஦ா-யிலைகள 300
2 TRB கலயினினல 4,500 யி஦ா-யிலைகள 150
3 TRB இனற஧ினல 2200 யி஦ா-யிலைகள 150
4 TRB ஆஙகி஬ம 4500 யி஦ா-யிலைகள 130
5 TRB தநிமக யப஬ாற, இநதின யப஬ாற 6100 யி஦ா- யிலைகள 180
ய.எண பததகததின ப஧னர யில஬
1 +2 கணிபப஧ா஫ினினல 60
2 +2 யணிகயினல 48
3 +2கணககப஧தியினல 48
4 அ஬ககண கயிலத 70
5 த஥ாககால-கயிலத 50
6 அபயாணிபபககள 70
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14. சிவகஙடக 9994079013
15. இரொமெொபரம 9842537005
16. பைி 9443929273
17. ஈபரொட 8012343368, 9443182330
18. ரமபர 9025313661
19. கிரஷணகிர 9025313661
20. விழபபரம 9943153202
21. கொஞசிபரம 9842316661
22. ஞசொவர 9486525806
23. ெொகபெடடைம 9500478338
24. பவலர 9791544734
25. ிணடககல 9500862024
26. விரதெகர 9042482982
27. ிரவொரர 9443491894
28. ிரதணி 9750216789
29. கரர 9750216789
30. கைலர 9443079942

135. rupahd nrhw;fisj; NjHe;njLj;Jr; nrhw;nwhliu epug;Gq;fs;.
1. ky;ypif ______ tPrpaJ
2. g+kpia ______ tUNtd;
3. ______gJq;fpg;ghAk;
4. Kfj;jpy;______KWty; Ntz;Lk;
5. eha; ______ epkpuhJ
1. kzk;> 2. tyk;> 3. Gyp>
4. Gd;> 5.thy;
136. jkpo;r; nrhw;fs; vj;jid tifg;gLk;? mit ahit?
jkpo;r;nrhw;fs; ehd;F tifg;gLk;
1. ngaHr; nrhy;> 2. tpidr;nrhy;> 3. ,ilr;nrhy; > 4. cupr;nrhy;
137. nry;tp te;jhs; vd;w nrhw;nwhlupy; ngaHr; nrhy; vJ? tpidr;nrhy; vJ?
nry;tp vd;gJ ngaHr;nrhy;> te;jhs; vd;gJ tpidr;nrhy;
நலிடை பெற வழி மடறகள
1. ARIVUKKADAL PATHIPPAKAGAM எனற பெயரல DD எடதத அலலத M.O அனபெலொம
2. கரர டவசியொ வஙகியில ெணம பசலதலொம,
ெைபப கணகக எண : 1161135000002562
IFSC NO KVBL 0001161 / SOUTH MASI STREET, MADURAI
மகவர: அறிவககைல ெிபெகம,
மடை எண 3262, மிழெொட வீ டட வசி வொரயககடயிரபப,
விலலொபரம, மதடர – 625011.
Contact no: 98651 30130, 98426 49140, 0452-6463666
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138. fPo;f;fhZk; nrhw;nwhlHfspy; cs;s ngaHr;nrhy;fisAk; tpidr;nrhw;fisAk;
Rl;Lf.
nrhw;nwhlH ngaHr;nrhy; tpidr;nrhy;
1. kuk; MbaJ kuk; MbaJ
2. ,UtH ghbdH ,UtH ghbdH
3. nra;jp guTk; nra;jp guTk;
4. Fkud; tUfpwhd; Fkud; tUfpwhd;
139. fPo;f;fhZk; nrhw;nwhlHfspd; nghUj;jkhd ngaHr; nrhy;iy ,l;L epug; Gf.
1. ______ J}q;fpdhd;
2. ______ g+j;jJ
3. ______ fpupf;nfl;by; ntw;wp ngw;wJ
4. ______ mOjhs;
tpil: 1. ghz;bad; 2) ky;ypif 3) ,e;jpah 4) kzpNkfiy
140. fPo;f;fhZk; nrhw;nwhlHfspy; nghUj;jkhd tpidr;nrhy;iy ,l;L epug; Gf.
1. $l;lk; ______
2. Me; ij ______
3. tpd;nrd;l; ghlk; ______
4. KfkJ jz;zPH ______
tpil: 1.fiye;jJ 2. mywpaJ 3.gbj;jhd; 4.gUfpdhd;.
141. tha;nkhopahf tpil $Wf.(Mk; my;yJ ,y;iy)
eNue;jpuehj; Jzpr;ry; kpf;ftd; (Mk;> ,y;iy)
Mk;





142. kioNa kioNa th th vd;w ,iraKJ vd;w ghliy vOjpatH ahH?
Gul;rpf;ftpQH ghujpjhrd;
143. nrhw;nghUs; :-
1. thdg;Gdy; - thdj;J ePH
2. Gdy; - ePH
3. itaj;J mKJ - g+kpapd; mKjk;
4. itak; - cyfk;> g+kp
5. jfug;ge;jy; - jfuj;jpy; Nghlg;gl;l ge;jy;
6. nghb - kfue;jg;nghb
7. jio - nrb
8. jioahntg;gk; - ngUFk; ntg;gk; Fiwahj ntg;gk; vd;Wk; nghUs;
nfhs;syhk;
9. jiof;fTk; - FiwaTk;
144. “Gul;rpf; ftpQH” vd;Wk; ghNte;jH vd;Wk; Gfog;gLgtH ahH?
,ay; - 4
nra;As; - ,iraKJ
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ghujpjhrd;
145. ghujpjhrd; vd;gtupd; ,aw;ngaH?
fdfRg;Guj;jpdk;
146. ghujpapd; ftpij kPJ nfhz;l fhjyhy; jk;Kila ngaiu khw;wpf;nfhz;ltH
ahH?
ghujpjhrd;
147. fdf Rg;Guj;jpd ftpij E}y;fs;?
1. ghz;bad; gupR> 2. mofpd;rpupg;G> 3. FLk;gtpsf; F
148. Gul;rpf;ftpQH ghujpjhrdpd; tho;e;j fhyk;.
29.4.1891 Kjy; 21.4.1964 tiu




149. “Mw;wTk; fw;whH mwpTilahH” vd;w gonkhop ehD}W ghliyg; ghbatH ahH?
Kd; Wiw miuadhH
150. Nghjpa E}y;fis epiwthff; fw;wtH ahH?
mwpTilahH
151. mwpTilahupd; Gfo; ve;j jpirfspy; guTk;?
ehd;F jpirfspYk;
152. nrhw;nghUs;
1. Mw;wTk; - epiwthf
2. ehw;wpir - ehd;F+jpir
3. jkNtahk; - jk;Kila ehNl MFk;
4. Mw;Wzh - MW+czh
5. MW - top
6. czh - czT (topeil czT ,jidf; “fl; Lr;NrhW” vd;W ,f; fhyj;jpy;
nrhy;Nthk;)
153. gonkhop ehD}W ve;j E}y;fSs; xd;W.
gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs;
154. ehD}W ghly;fisf; nfhz;l E}y; vJ?
gonkhop ehD}W
155. gonkhop ehD}W vd;Dk; ghlypy; tUk; gonkhop Mw;Wzh Ntz;LtJ ,y;
vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?
fw;wtDf;Ff; fl;Lr;NrhW Ntz;lhk;
156. gonkhop ehD}w;wpd; MrpupaH ahH?
Kd; Wiw miuadhH
157. Kd; Wiw vd;gJ vd;d?
CHg;ngaH
158. miuad; vd;w nrhy; ___ Fwpf;Fk;
muridf;
159. Mw;Wzh - MW + czh

gonkhop ehD}W
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160. ekJ ,e;jpa ehl;bd; tpLjiyf;fhfg; ghLgl;l jiytHfspy; xUtH
[tfHyhy; NeU
161. ek; ehL tpLjiy ngw;wgpd; Kjy; gpujkuhfg; nghWg;Ngw;wtH ahH?
[tfHyhy; NeU
162. [tfHyhy; NeUtpd; md;G kfs; ahH?
,e;jpuh fhe;jp
163. ,e;jpuhfhe;jpf;Ff; fbjq;fis vj;jid Mz;Lfs; NeU vOjpf; nfhz;bUe;jhH?
1922 Mk; Mz;L Kjy; 1964 Mk; Mz;L tiu 42 Mz;Lfs; fbjq;fs;
vOjpdhH.
164. NeU ntspehL nrd;w nghOJk; ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;j nghOJk; ahUf;Ff; fbjk;
vOjpdhH?
kfs; ,e;jpuhfhe;jpf;F
165. ,e;jpuhfhe;jp ve;j fy;Y}upy; NrUk; NghJ NeU fbjk; vOjpdhH?
jh$upd; tpRtghujp fy;Y}up
166. tpRtghujp ve;j ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ?
Nkw;F tq;fhsj;jpy;
167. NeU ve;jg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; gapd;whH?
Nfk;gpupl;[;
168. mw;Gjkhd Mq;fpyg;gilg;ghspfs; ahH?
Nrf;]; gpaH> kpy;ld;
169. Gj;jfq;fisg; gw;wp NeU> ,e;jpuh fhe;jpaplk; $wpaJ?
gpNsl;Nlhtpd; Gj;jfq;fs; Ritahdit@ rpe;jidiaj; J}z;Lgit
170. ,e;jpuhfhe;jp NeUtplk; ve;j ehtiy thrpf;fg; Nghtjhfr; nrhd;dhH?
lhy;];lhapd; “NghUk; mikjpAk;”
171. cyfpd; kpfr;rpwe;j E}y;fSs; xd;W.
lhy;];lhapd; “NghUk; mikjpAk;”
172. ehk; Vd; Gj;jfk; thrpf;f Ntz;Lk;?
mwpT ngWtjw;fhf> kfpo;r; rp miltjw;fhf.
173. Nfk;gpupl;[; - ,q;fpyhe;jpYs;s gy;fiyf;fofk;
174. Nrf;]; gpaH - Mq;fpy ehlf MrpupaH
175. kpy;ld; - Mq;fpyf;ftpQH
176. gpNsl;Nlh - fpNuf;fr; rpe;jidahsH
177. fhspjhrH - tlnkhop ehlf MrpupaH
178. lhy;];lha; - ,u\;a ehl;L vOj;jhsH
179. ngHdhHl; \h - Mq;fpy ehlf MrpupaH
180. ngl;uz;l; u];]y; - rpe;jidahsH> fy;tpahsH
181. my;Nkhuh rpiw - cj;juhQ;ry; khepyj;jpy; cs; sJ
182. fpUgshdp - tpRtghujpapy; gzpGupe;j xU NguhrpupaH

ciueil - kfs; ,e; jpuhTf;F NeU vOjpa fbjk;
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183. kuKk; jioAk; vd;w njhlupy; jio vd;gJ ______ Fwpj;jJ
nrbnfhbiaf;
184. MW vd;w nrhy;Yf;Fj;jhd; vj;jid nghUs;fs;?
MW - XH vz;(6)
MW - ejp
MW - top
185. ,ul;ilf;fpstp vd;gJ vd;d?
,ul;il vd;why; ,uz;L> fpstp vd;why; nrhy;
186. ,ul;ilf;fpstpf;F v.fh jUf?
jz jz> fz fz
187. xw;iwf;nfhk;G> ,ul;ilf; nfhk;G fPNo fhz;Nghk;
xw;iwf;nfhk;G Fwpy;
r; + v + nr = nrb
,ul;ilf;nfhk;G - neby;
t; + V + Nt = Nty;
xw;iwf;nfhk;G Jiz vOj;J Fwpy;
g; + x + ngh = nghUs;
,ul;ilf;nfhk;G Jiz vOj;J neby;
j; + X + Njh = Njhy;tp
188. NeUtpd; Jiztp ahH? ngaH vd;d?
fkyh NeU
189. ,e;jpuhfhe;jpf;F NeU ve;j ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J fbjj;ij vOjpdhH?
NeU ,e;jpuhfhe;jpf;F> my;Nkhuh khtl;lr; rpiwr;rhiyapypUe;J vOjpdhH.
190. ,e;jpuhfhe;jp gbj;j gy;fiyf;fofk; vJ? mJ vq;Fs;sJ?
,e;jpuhfhe;jp Mf;];NghHL gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; gbj;jhH> ,q;fpyhe;jpy; cs;sJ.
191. NeU ,e;jpaj; jpUehl;bd; tpLjiyf;fhf> ve;j Mz;by; gy;NtW tpLjiyg;
Nghuhl;lq;fspy; <Lgl;lhH?
1921 Mk; Mz;L
192. mz;zy; fhe;jpabfspd; jiyikapy; NeU ve;jg; Nghuhl;lq;fspy; jPtpukha;g;
gq;Nfw;whH?
mwg;Nghuhl;lk;
193. rpiwr;rhiyapy; NeUtpd; ez;gdha; ,Ue;jJ vJ?
Gj;jfk;


194. “itNjhiu $l itahNj” vd;w rpj;jH ghly; ghbatH ahH?
fLntspr;rpj;jH
,yf;fzKk; nkhopj;jpwDk;
,ay;-5
nra;As; - rpj;jH ghly;
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195. nrhw;nghUs;
1.nta;a tpid - Jd;gk; jUk; nray;
2 Ntk;G - frg;ghdnrhw;fs;
3. tP whg;G - ,Wkhg;G
4. gyupy; - gyH + ,y;> gyUila tP Lfs;
5. Gfy; xz;zhNj - nry;yhNj
6. rhw;Wk; - Gfo;r;rpahfg; NgRtJ
7. flk; - clk;G
196. rpj;jHfs; vj;jid Mz;LfSf;F Kd; jkpofj;jpd; fhL kiyfspy;
tho;e;jtHfs; ?
RkhH ehD}W Mz;LfSf;F Kd;
197. rpj;jHfspd; fhuzg;ngaHfs; ahJ?
ghk;ghl;br;rpj;jH> Fjk;igr;rpj;jH> mOFzpr;rpj;jH.
198. cUt topghL nra;ahky; ntl;l ntspiaNa flTshf topgl;ltH ahH?
fLntspr;rpj;jH
199. vspa nrhw;fspd; mwpTiufisr; nrhd;dtH ahH?
fLntspr;rpj;jH



200. ,uhkrhkpapd; ngw;Nwhu; ngaH vd;d?
ntq;flg;gUf;Fk; - rpd;dj; jhak;khs;
201. nrhe;jkhfr; rpe;jpj;Jg; Gupe;J nfhs;s epidf;fpwtH ahH?
,uhkrhkp
202. ,uhkrhkpapd; CH vJ?
<NuhL
203. jkpofj;jpd; kpfg;ngupa rpe;jidahsH ahH?
,uhkrhkp
204. ,uhkrhkp vd;w ngaiu vt;thW miog;ghH?
ngupahH <.nt.uh
205. ngupahH <.nt.uh. tho;e;j fhyk; KOtJk; ______ f;Nf Kjyplk; nfhLj;jhH.
mwpTf;Nf
206. mwpitg; gad; gLj;jp vJ rup> vJ jtW vd;W rpe;jpj;Nj KbntLf;f Ntz;Lk;
vd;W nrhd;dtH ahH?
ngupahH
207. rhjp Vw;wj;jho;TfisAk; kj khWghl;ilAk; mfw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;wtH ahH?
ngupahH
208. ngupahH xU rq;fKk; mikj;jhH mjd; ngaH vd;d?
gFj;jwpthsH rq;fk;
209. ,sk; tajpNyNa ngupahH ahUld; njhz;L Gupe;jtH?
kfhj;kh fhe;jp
210. ngupahH ve;jf; fl; rpapy; NrHe;jhH?
fhq;fpu];fl;rp
211. fs;Sf;fil kwpaypy; <Lgl;ltH ahH?
ngupahH
212. fs; ,wf;fhky; jLg;gjw;fhfj; jdJ Njhg;gpypUe;j midj;Jj; njd;id
kuq;fisAk; ntl;br; rha;j;jtH ahH?
ngupahH
ciueil - ,sikapy; ngupahH Nfl;l Nfs;tp
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213. ngupahH gpwg;gpdhy; tUk; ve;j rhjp NtWghLfis mfw;wpdhH.
fPo;r;rhjp- Nky;rhjp
214. kf;fs; midtUk; vd;Dk; Xupdkhf vz;zNtz;Lnkd;whH?
kdpjrhjp
215. fjH mzpa Ntz;Lk; vd;W gpur;rhuk; nra;jJld;> jdJ Njhspy; fjHj;
Jzpfisr; Rke;J tpw;wtH ahH?
ngupahH
216. Nfushtpy; ve;j Cupy; jho;j;jg;gl;l kf;fs; Nfhtpy; Rw;Wj;njUtpy; elg;gjw;Fj;
jil ,Ue;jJ.
itf; fk;
217. jho;j;jg;gl;l kf;fSf;fhf itf; fk; vd;Dk; Cupy; ngupahH Nghuhb ntw;wp
ngw;wjhy; kf;fs; vt; thW mioj;jdH?
itf; fk; tPuH
218. ngupahH vy;yhUf;Fk; vJ mtrpak; vd;whH?
fy;tp
219. ngz;fSf;F vd;d Kf;fpak; vd;W ngupahH $wpdhH?
mwpTk;> RakupahijAk;
220. jha;khHfs; ,uhkrhkpf;F vd;d gl;lk; toq;fpdhHfs;?
ngupahH
221. “ngz; tpLjiyf;Fg; gpd; ngz;fs; fy;tp fw;fNtz;Lk;” vd;W typAWj;jpatH
ahH?
ngupahH
222. ngupahH ngz;fis ve;j tpisahl;Lf;fisf; fw;Wf;nfhs; s Ntz;Lk; vd;whH?
ky;Aj;jk;> Fj;Jr;rz;il
223. ngupahH ve;j murhq;fg;gzpapy; ngz;fSk; NruNtz;Lk; vd;whH.
,uhZtk;> fhty; Jiw
224. ngupahH ve;j tajpYk; $lg; Gjpa rpe;jidfis vLj;Jf; $wpdhH?
njhz;Z}w;iwe;J taJ
225. ngupahH ve;j Mz;L gpwe; jhH?
17.09.1879 ,y; gpwe;jhH.
226. ngupahH ve;j Mz;L kiwe;jhH?
24.12.1973
227.




ngupahH jk; tho;ehspy; 8600 ehs;fs;> 13>12>000 fpNyh kPl;lH J}uk; gazk;
nra;J> 10>700 $l;lq;fspy; 21>400 kzp Neuk; kf;fSf;fhf ciuahw;wpr;
r%fj; njhz;lhw;wpdhH.
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228. 1970 Mk; Mz;L r%fr;rPHjpUj;jr; nray;ghLfSf;fhf If;fpaehLfs; mitapy;
ve;j tpUJ ngupahUf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ.
“And];Nfh tpUJ”
229. ve;j Mz;L eLtz; muR ngupahupd; cUtk; nghwpj;j mQ;ry; jiyia
ntspapl;Lr; rpwg;gpj;Js;sJ.
1978 Mk; Mz;L



230. gpiofs;
1) xw;Wg;gpiofs;?
flikia nra;@ gyidNfs;
kurhkhd;fs; thliff;F fpilf; Fk;
2) Fwpy; neby; gpiofs;?
rhg;ghL jhahH
gs;spf;Flk; mUfpy; cs;sJ
3) JiznaOj;Jg; gpiofs; (n> N> i)?
kUj;Jtkd ghFk; thop
,q;F gl;L rhy;ypj; jug;ghLk;
4) kaq;nfhypg; gpio
,Urf;fu thfdk; gYJ ghHf;fg;gLk; jpdrup gfs; fhl;rp cz;L.
231. kWj;jy;fSf;Ff; Fwpg;G
1. kWj;jy; vd;gJ mfk;ghtk; ,y;iy
2. kWj;jy; vd;gJ gzpahik md;W
3. jtwhd fUj;Jf; fis kWj;jhy; jhd; ehk; tsu KbAk;
4. Jzpr;rypd; milahsk; jtwhdtw;iw kWg;gJ
5. %lek;gpf;iffis kWg;gJ Kd;Ndw;wk;
6. kWg;gJ ngz;Zf; Fg; ghJfhg;G
7. kWj;jy; miuFiwahf ,Ue;J gad; ,y;iy@ cWjpahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.


,yf;fzk;

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