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高频词汇编写说明
1、本频率表为最新统计,包含了最新的 2002 年 12 月 28 日考题。
2、纵观大学英语四级从 1987 年开始考试以来,已经有 30 套试卷与大家见面。考察频率最高的
是短语,达到了 22 次,就词汇本身的频率并不高,四级最高只有七次,而六级最高到了十二
次。
3、词汇评选标准:
(1) 词汇本身与词汇变形加在一起计算的次数;
(2) 只选择〈词汇语法〉中出现的;
(3) 无论是本题选择项是否是该词,只要在选项中出现的词汇我们都计算在内;
(4) 另外,有个别词汇出现在《词汇语法》题目中,只要我们认为重要的,也被算数;
(5) 高频词汇只选用了 4 次以上的词汇;短语部分选用了 10 次以上的词汇。
4、在参考本《高频词汇》时,有几个问题一定要说明:
(1)并非掌握了高频词汇,词汇题就万事大吉,《高频词汇》只是从历年出现的次数进行
总结,这些词汇考的可能性更高些,但每次考试有很多词汇出现在高频词汇之外。
例如,短语部分,历次考试中“pull”并非高频词汇,没有考过一次,但在 2002 年
12 月 28 日中,此词出现了一个题的四个选项中。
(2) 一些词如“than、as、if”是高中的重点,其实也是四级考试中重点,than 在四级考
试《词汇结构》中考了 24 次,as 则考了 16 次,其他所有的四级词汇最高也只是考
了 7 次。由于是高中词汇,在四级考试中侧重了语法考点,在这里不作为选用词汇
(3) 四级词汇是六级词汇的基础,六级考试中词汇题有 50%是考四级词汇,四级高频
词汇在一定程度上是六级的重点词汇,也是考研的重难点词汇。
5、本《高频词汇》由于编写时间仓促,错误在所难免,如读者发现,还请多多海涵。

频率出现七次的词汇
raise
意 义
搭 配

vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加
(工资)
raise one’s hand
举手
raise one’s hat to sb.
向某人举帽致敬
raise doubts in people’s
引起人们的怀疑
minds

raise
raise
raise
raise
raise


lift
rise
arise
arous
e

a child
farm/corps
funds
salaries

养育孩子
饲养
筹集资金
增加薪水

raise standards of service
提高服务水平
raise
多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力
lift
rise
arise
arouse

指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置
v.上升
v.发生
v.激发起

Though______in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always
preferred
to record the plain facts of small-town life.
A)raised B)grown C)developed
D)cultivated

真 题

答案

A

频率出现六次的词汇
extend
意义

构词
变形

搭 配

enlarge


expand
extend
lengthe
n
prolong

真 题

vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;
vi.伸展、延伸;(在范围或应用上)达到
ex(向外)+tend(伸展)
extension.
extensive

n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机
a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的

intensive

a.加强的,深入细致的

extensive knowledge

广博的知识

to extend credit/visa
extensive reading

延长信贷限期/签证

extensive discussion

广泛的讨论

enlarge
expand
extend
lengthen
prolong

泛读

v.扩大,放大
v.使膨胀,扩张
指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。
指增加长度或延长时间。
指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。

It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and _____
knowledge.
A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive



A

intensive
意 义

a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕细作的

构 词

ex(向外)+tend(伸展)

变 形

intensity

n.强烈,剧烈;强度

intensively
intensive study
intensive reading

adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地
深入细致的研究
精读

intensive agriculture

集约农业

labour intensity
look at sb. with intensity

劳动强度
深情地看着某人

搭 配

意为“非常的;强烈的”,常用于形容某种性质或感情,表示很
高或达到极端的程度。
含有intense的意思,但更强调“精细的;集中的”。An intense
attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻击。

辨 析

真 题

The patient’s health failed to such an extent that he was put
into____care.
A)tense

B)rigid
C)intensive
D)tight
The relationship between employers and employees has been
studied________
A)originally B)extremely C)violently

D)intensively



C


D

频率出现五次的词汇
available
意 义

a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的,可得到的

构 词

a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)----有利用价值的-----可利用的

搭 配

make sth. available to/for
the only available room

使…可以享受某物;使….买得起某物
唯一可用的房子;

辨 析

available
handy
at hand

真 题

Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking
are______in grocery stores.

a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的
a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的
在手边,在附近,即将到来

A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available
In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should
be held to one-fifth of the total ____for living expense.
A)acceptable B)available

C)advisable D)applicable



D


B

charge
意 义

n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电
vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负荷,使充电

搭 配

辨 析

真 题

主管,看管
in charge of
in(under)the charge of
在……的掌管下
charge sb.with
指控某人………
charge(sb.)…(money)for
要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物
sth.
take charge
开始管理,接管
a positive/negative charge
正/负电荷
be on charge
正充电
at modest charges
以公道的价格
charge for trouble
手续费
charge a battery
给电池充电
accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行为,accuse与介词
of连用,
charge charge所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行为,charge
与介词with搭配.
She was complaining that the doctor was ________too much

for the treatment he was giving her.

A)expending
B)offering C)costing
D)charging
D
This hotel ____$60 for a single room with bath.
A)charges

B)demands

C)prices

D)claims



A

case
意 义
搭 配

辨 析

n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱

有关的事例,例证
a case in point
恰当的例子
a case in point
in any case
无论如何,不管怎样
in case
假使,以防(引导虚拟语气)
sum up the case
概括事实
in case of
假如,如果发生;防备
in no case
无论如何不,决不
in this/that case
如果这样.那样的话
a case of measles
麻疹病例
appeal a case
申述
pack a case
装箱
in the case of
就…..来说,至于
as the case may be
看情况,根据具体情况
case
事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事
例,也可用于表医学上的病例或法律上的案例.
instanc
为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性

e

重难点

语法规则:in case意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。In case引导的从句
可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为should+动词原形

真 题

I was advised to arrange for insurance _____I needed medical
treatment.
A)nevertheless B) although
C)in case
D)so that



C

I left for the office earlier than usual this morning
_________traffic jam.
A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of



C

We left the manager a note________ he wanted to know
where we were.
A)if
B)in case
C)so that
D)unless



B

The lawyer advised him to drop _________,since he stands
little chance to win.
A)event
B)incident
C)case
D)affair



C

effect
意义
变形

搭 配

n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效
effective

有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的;
实际的,事实上的

effectively

有效地、起作用地

bring/carry/put
into effect
take effective
measures

采取有效措施

effective range
effective ways of
reducing pollution
take effect

有效射程;
降低污染的有效方法;

to the effect that

effective


effect

实行、实现

生效、起作用
大意是
有效的、起作用的

in effect
come/go into effect

实际上、实质上
生效

to no effect

无效;毫无结果

effect

consequen consequence
ce

指明显的原因所产生的后果。
可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。

effective
valid

真 题

effective

表示能产生实际的效果。

valid

指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使
用,是法律用语。

They took _______ measures to prevent poisonous 案

gases from escaping.
A) fruitful

B) beneficial C) valid D) effective

Though the long-term___ can not be predicted, the
project has been approved by the committee.
A)affect B)effect

C)result

D)consequence

The new appointment of our president ______from the
very beginning of next semester.
A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn

D


B


A

transmit
意 义

vt.播送、发射;传送、传染

构 词

trans(从…到….)+mit(发送)

变 形

transmission

播送、发射 ;传送、传染

transmit knowledge from one
generation to another

把知识由一代传给另一代

transmission of news

消息的传播;

搭 配

真 题

transmit news by radio
由无线电发送消息
American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public
through televised _________ from the United States.
A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions
Some diseases are ___ by certain water animals.
A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported
D)transmitted
Communication is the process of_______a message from a source to an
audience via a channel.
A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming
D)switching
Cultural________indicates that human beings hand theirs languages down
from one generation to another.
A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction



D


D


A


C

relate
意 义

vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述

变 形

relative

相关的,有关的;相对的,比较的;亲属
all human values are relative,so beauty is

搭 配

真 题

relatively
relation

relative to the beholder's eyes.
相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地
亲属

relate to/with

有关联

relative to
in/with relation to

有关,涉及

close/near relation
distant relation

近亲
远亲

有关,涉及

It is difficult to______cause and effect in this case.


A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe

C

频率出现四次的词汇
transform
意 义

vt.使改观、改革;变换

构 词

trans(从….到….)+form(形式)

变 形
搭 配

辨 析
真 题

transformation
transformable

n. 改观、改革;变换
a.能改变的,能改造的

transform….into…..
把…变成…
transform
两词有时可互换,但在骤然改变和神秘地
改变时,须用
transform
change
The twentieth century has witnessed an enormous worldwide political, 答
economic and cultural

A) tradition B) transportation C) transmission D) transformation
D
The coming of railways in the 1830s______our society and economic life.
A)transformed B)transported C)transferred D)transmitted



A

transfer
意 义

vt.搬、转移;调动、转移;转让、过户 vi.转移;调动、转移;转车、转程
n.调动、转移

构 词

trans(转移)+fer(运送,传送)

变 形

transference
transferable
transferer

搭 配

n.转移,转让
a.可转移的,可转让的
n.转让者

transfer one’s affection
transfer company
transfer from a bus to a train

变心
转运公司
由公共汽车换乘火车

transfer title to land

转让土地所有权

transfer the property

转让财产

辨析

transfer
move

在表示“调动”时,transfer 含有在同一大集团中工作或任职
的变更的意思,不强调升、降职的意味,只是工作性质的变
化。Transfer 还可表示感情的转移或货物的运输,一般不用
move 替换。
表示从静止状态开始移动,可以是短距离、小范围或长距
离、大范围的移动,也可指不改变位置的活动。

move

真 题

He hoped the firm would ______ him to the Paris branch.
A) exchange

B) transmit

C) transfer

D) remove



C

adapt
意 义

vt.使适应,使适合;修改,改编 vi. (to)适应

变 形

adaptable

a.能适应的,适应性强的

adaptive
adaptation
adaptor

adj.适应的
n.适应,适合,改编
n.编剧者,改编者

搭 配

辨析

adapt to
adapt from
adapt oneself to
adapt

指作出较大的修改或改变以达到目的。如:She had to adapt herse
lf to local conditions.她必须使自己适应当地的情况

adjust

指作些不重要的轻微调整以便符合要求或适应新情况。如:adjust on
e's watch/glasses 对表/扶眼镜

fit
suit

真 题

使适合,使适用
根据……改写/改编
使自己适应或习惯于

多指“大小适合”,引申为“吻合”
多指“合乎要求、口味、性格、情况”

match
指“大小、色调、形状、性质等相配或相称”
The newcomers found it impossible to ________themselves to the
climate sufficiently to make permanent homes in the new country.
A)suit B)adapt
C)regulate
D)coordinate
I suggested he should________himself to his new conditions.
A)adopt

B)suit

C)regulate

D)adapt

alter
意 义

v.改变,改动,变更  

变 形

alterable

adj.可变的,可改的

alterant
alteration
alter
change

adj.改变的
n.变更,改造
部分地改变,不失去本性;
本质地变化,甚至失去本性,或一种东西退换了另一种东西;

vary

由更替、多样化或生长的变化而引起的一个或一连串变化。

辨析



B


D

convert

真 题

指从一种状态或情况转变为另一种,尤指用于新的目的或用途。

If your new coat is too large ,a tailor can _____it to fit you.
A ) alter     B ) exchange       C ) alternate
D)change
She had to _______her dress because she had lost weight.
A)transform

B)shift

C)alter

D)cut



A


C

arise
意 义
变形

辨析

vi.(1)产生,出现,发生;(2)(from)(由……)引起,(由….)产生,起源
于;(3)起身,起床
arose
arise 的过去式
arisen
arise 的过去分词
arise

arise和rise都可用于来表示“起床”和“站起身”的意
思。Arise常用于较抽象的主语之后

rise
raise
arouse

常用于具体的场合
是及物动词,意为“举起;使起来;提高;提出”
也是及物动词,意为“唤醒;激起;引起”

搭配

arise from/out of

由….引起,起源于

真 题

Many difficulties have _____as a result of the change over to a new
type of fuel.
A)risen B)arisen C)raised D)arrived



B

A completely new situation will ______when the examination
system comes into existence.
A)rise B)arise C)raise
D)arouse



B

assemble( 最近出现在 2002年12月28日34
题)

意 义

vi.集合,聚集;vt.集合,聚集,召集;装配

构 词

as(到)+semble(一起)

变 形

assembly

n.集合,装配,集合,集结,汇编;

形似词

resemble

像,类似

搭 配

assemble the jury
assemble
evidence/material
assemble the parts of a
watch
assembling shop
assemble a machine
assemble in the school
garden
gather
collect

召集陪审团
收集证据/材料

辨析

装配表的零件
装配车间
组装一台机器
在校内集合
(常用词)指“收集”、“聚集”、“集合在一起”
指“有计划、有选择地收集”

真题

assemble

指“为某一特定目的而收集”

muster

特指“召集部队”或“为检阅、检查而召集”

If the fire alarm is sounded, all residents are requested to _____in
the courtyard.
A)assemble
B)converge C)crowd
D)accumulate



A

Everybody ________in the hall where they were welcomed by the
secretary.
A)assembled
B)accumulated
C)piled
D)joined



A

adopt

意 义

(最近出现在2002年12月28日34题)
vt.采纳,采用;采取(态度等;收养
adoptable

a.可采用的

adoption
adoptive

n.采用,收养
a.采用的,收养的

adoptee

n.被收养者

搭 配

adopter
adopt a strong attitude

n.养父母
采取强硬态度

辨 析

adopt an idea
adopt measures
adopt new methods
adopt a child
adopt the report
adopt a resolution
unanimously
adopt

变 形

embrance

真题

采纳意见
采取措施
采用新方法
收养孩子
正式通过这篇报告
一致通过一项决议
两词都有“采纳’、“采取”的意思。adopt 指采纳
别人的意见、技术等。
embrance表示自愿地或急切地采纳或接受。

The old couple decided to _____a boy and a girl though they had
three children of their own.
A)adapt B)bring C)receive
D)adopt

impress
意 义

vt.给…..深刻的印象;铭记;印,压印

构 词

im(里面)+press(压)

变 形

impression
impressive

搭 配

n.印象,感想;印记,压痕
a.给人印象深刻的,感人的

impression of(about)

对….的印象

impression on
make an impression on
impress sb. with ….
impress….on sth.
be impressed by(with)

给……留下的印象;
给某人留下印象
以(因)….给某人留下印象
给某物盖上…..(印)
对…..留下印象,惊叹



D

真题

What_____me most during my visit in your country was the
friendship your people have for our people.
A)depressed B)expressed C)oppressed
D)impressed



D

regard
意 义

vt.把 看作,对待,认为 (as);尊重,尊敬

变 形

n.致意,问候;方面;尊重,尊敬
regardless
无论如何,不计后果的

搭 配

辨 析
真题

regarding
without regard to
regard…..as………
regardless of

关于
不考虑
把….认为
不惜,不顾

in/with regard to
give one’s regards
in the regard
as regards
regard
consider

关于,就…..而论
代某人向…..问好
在这点上,关于此事
关于,至于
强调从外表形象得到的认识
强调经过仔细考虑而认为

Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants
to, ____the color of his skin.
A)with the exception of B)in the light of C)by virtue of
D)regardless of
The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who
is willing and capable
his financial situation
A)with the respect to B)in accord with C)regardless of D)in
terms of
After a few rounds of talks, both sides regarded the territory
dispute_______.
A)being settled B)to be settled C)had settled D)as settled



D

In that country, guest tend to feel they are not highly______if the
invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days
before the party date.
A)admired B)regarded C)expected D)worshipped




C


D

B

rise
意 义

vi.升起,上升;起立,起床;上涨,增高,增加;反抗,起义
n.上涨,增高,增加;兴起,(地位的)升高;岗,坡,高地

搭 配

give rise to

引起,导致,为……的原因

rise above
rise to

克服,不受……的影响
起而应付,证明能够应付

辨 析

真题

arise
rise

没有“上升”之意,多指“产生、发生和出现”,常用于抽象事物
使用范围广,既用于具体事物的“上升、增长”,又用于抽象事物的
“上涨、发生”
raise
与以上两词不同的是,此词是及物动词,表示把某具体事物抬起高
处或提高某抽象事物(工资、地位等)
Last year the advertising rate________by 20 percent.

A)raised

B)aroused

C)arose

D)rose

D

Your improper words will give_________to doubts concerning your
true intentions.
A)rise B)reason
C)suspicion D)impulse



A

Our hopes ________and fell in same instant.



C

A)arose

B) raised C)rose

D)aroused

result
意 义
搭 配

辨 析
真题

n.结果,效果
vi.导致,结果是(in);起因于,因 造成(from)
as a result
因此,结果
in the result
作为结果,到后来
with the result that
结果是,因此
without result

毫无结果的

as a result of

作为….的结果,由于

result in
result from
result
effect

导致
因….而造成
result可指一系列effects的最后结果或事故等的后果
effect更常用于指某种原因的必然或直接结果

A love marriage ,however,does not necessarily
much
sharing of interests and responsibilities.
A)take over
B)result in
C)hold on
D)keep to



B

A complete investigation into the causes of the accident should
lead to improved standards and should
new operating
procedures
A)result in
B)match with
C)subject to
D)proceed with


view
意 义
搭 配

n.看法,见解,观点 ;观察,视域,眼界;景色,风景
vt.看待,考虑,估量;观察
in view of
鉴于,由于,考虑到
view to
以……为目的,着眼于,关于
with the view(或a) view of

以……为目的

view....as....

把.....看作

on view
with a view to (doing)sth

展示中,陈列着的
为了(做)某事

A

辨 析

in one's view/in the view of sb.

依某人看

opposite/different view

相反的/不同的看法

an view card
air one's views

风景明信片
公开发表意见

view

强调个人分析、处理问题的观点、见解或
态度。与opinion相比,view更为全面、
系统、坚信不疑。
指或多或少经过考虑得出的看法,但这
种看法往往有初步的、不十分肯定的意味。

opinion

真题

Although I liked the appearance of the house ,what really made
me decide to buy it was the beautiful ______through the windows.


A)vision B)look
C)picture D)view
We`gave out a cheer when the red roof of the cottage
came_________view.
A)from
B)in
C)before
D)into

D


D

In Britain,and on the Continent too,the Japanese are sometimes
viewed______a threat to domestic industries.
A)like
B)with
C)for
D)as



D

短语词汇频率(10 次以上)
出现 22 次的短语词汇

take
搭 配

take after
take apart
take…as

与…相象
拆开(机器等)
把…理解为

take away

拿走,夺去,使离去;减去

take down

取下;记下;拆卸

take for
take on
take into account

认为,以为;误认为
接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;开始雇

把…考虑进去

take issue with sb.

与某人争论

take off

拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞

take oneself off

走开,离去

take up

拿起;着手处理;占去

take sb. to task

责备某人,申斥某人

take to

开始;对…产生好感;形成的习惯

take up

占去,占据;开始从事

take over

占据;接任(职位)

take out
take out loans

拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理;(on)
对….发泄
借贷

take aback

使吃惊,使困惑

take back

收回(说错的话);使回忆起

take in

接受,接纳,吸收;包括;领会,理解;欺骗

take effect

生效

take turns

轮流

take up with

与….成为朋友

take out on

真题

对….发泄
The new appointment of our president ______from the very beginning of next
semester.


A) takes effect B) takes part C) takes place D) takes turns
Frequently single-parent children ___some of the functions that the absent adult
in the house would have served.

A

A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on
Our son doesn’t know what to _____at the university; he can’t make up his mind
about his future.

D

A) take in

B

B)take over C) take up D) take after

I’d ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the
community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.
A) take into account B) account for
C) make up for
D) make out

出现15次的短语词汇

go
搭 配

go back on
go for
go in for

违背(诺言等); 毁(约)
竭力想取得,喜爱,适用于
从事,致力,爱好;追求

go into

研究,调查,进入

go on

继续,发生;接近

go through
go with

经历,详细检查;完成
伴随,与…..协调;与…持同一看法

go without

没有…… 也行

on the go

很忙

to go

剩下的,未完成的

go against

反对;对….不利

go after

追求/赶; 设法得到

go about

着手做,处理,忙于



A

go up

上升,增加,建起;(物价等)上涨

go under

下沉,沉没;失败;破产

go round/around

足够分配; (消息)流传

go over

检查,审查;复习,重温

go out

外出;熄灭;走出(房间等);罢工;公布,播出

go out of one's way

特别费心(做事)

go off

爆炸,发射;动身,离开;去世;

go off with

拿去;抢走;拐走

go down

下降,降低;被载入,传下去; (船等)下沉

go by

过去

go ahead

开始,前进;领先; 取得进展

go at

攻击;着手/努力做

go along
go into action

进行,进展;(with)赞同
开始行动

go together

相配;恋爱

go by

走过,放过;依照

go abroad

出国

go out of one’s mind

真题

变得神志不清
The early pioneers had to _____ many hardships to settle on the new land.


A) go along with B) go back on C) go through D) go into
The terrorists might have planted a bomb on a plane in Athens, set to ___ when it
arrived in New York.

C

A) get off B) carry off C) go off D) come off things.
There are other problems which I don’t propose to ______at the moment.

C


A

A) go into B) go around C) go for

D) go up

David likes country life and has decided to ____ farming .
A)go in for

B) go back on C)go through with D) go along with



A

出现 14 次的短语词汇

turn
搭配

turn away
turn one's back on

走开;把脸转过去
不理睬

turn out

生产;驱逐;翻转

turn on

开,旋开(电灯等)

turn off
turn into

关(水源等);拐弯
进入;使变成,使成为

turn in

转身进入;拐入;交出;上床睡觉

turn down

关小,调低;拒绝

真题

turn sb's blood cold

使毛骨悚然

turn against

对…采取敌对态度

by turns

轮流,交替

take turns

依次,轮流

on the turn

正在转变中

turn back

(使)折回;(使)往回走

turn around/round

转变,(使)转好

in turn

依次,轮流;转而,反过来

turn up

出现;找到;证明是

turn to

变成;求助于;着手;查阅

turn over

(机器等)运转;翻过来;仔细考虑

Let’s not wait any longer, he might not ___at all.


A)turn over B)turn up

B

C)turn on

D)turn down

The French pianist who had been praised very highly ____to be a great
disappointment .
A)turned up B)turned in
C)turned out
D)turned down



C

This popular sports car is now being ____at the rate of a thousand a week.



B

A)turned down B)turned out

C)turned up

D)turned on

Faced with all the difficulties, the girl _____her mother for
comfort.
A)turned over B)turned form
C)turned to
D)turned up



C

Under the present system, state enterprises must____ all profits to the
government


A) turn down B)turn up

D

C)turn out

D)turn in

Everything we eat and drink contains some salt; we can meet the body’s need for
it from natural sources without turning____ the salt bottle.
A)to B)over C)on
D)up



A

出现 13 次的短语词汇

put
搭配

put across/over
put up with

解释清楚;做成(交易)
忍受,容忍(讨厌的人)

put up
put to

举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为….提供住宿;
进行(抵抗);提高(价格);提名
(船只顺避风等而)靠岸

put through
put out

使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为…接通电话
熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;生产

put on

穿上;上演;教唆;增加(体重)

真题

put off

推迟,拖延;阻碍

put in

花费;正式提出

put aside

储存,保留;把…放在一边,暂不考虑

put forward

提出(要求、事实等)

put down

记下;镇压;杀死

put away

把…收起;储存,积攒

put sb. out of job

使某人失业

put one’s feeling
用语言表达感情
into words
In Disneyland, every year, some 800,000plants are replaced
because Disney refused to ____ signs asking his “guest” not to
step on them.
A) put down B) put out C) put up
D) put off


When they had finishing playing, the children were made to___all the toys they
had taken out.
A)put off B)put out C)put up
D)put away



D

C

出现11次的短语词汇

make
搭配

made up of
make it

由…组成,由…构成
办成,做到,成功;赶上,及时达到

make believe

假装,假扮

make of

理解,推断

make up to
make up for

接近;巴结;向…求爱
补偿,弥补

make up
make as if
make over

拼凑;组成;补偿;捏造,临时编造,虚高;化装;和

假装;装作
把(财产)转让;改造

make away

(急忙)离去;逃走

make away with

携…而逃;摧毁;浪费

make off with

携…而逃

make for

走向,向…前进;冲向

make down

改小(衣服)

make beds

铺床叠被

make out of

用…制造出;理解

make out

开列;书写;辩认出

make fun of

嘲笑;开…玩笑

home/foreign make

本国/外国制造

make one's way

前进;成功,发迹

真题

In Britain today women ____44% of the work force ,and nearly half the mothers
with children are in paid work..


A) build up B) stand for C) make up D) conform to
When he realized the police had spotted him, the man ____ the exit as quickly as
possible.

C

A) made off B) made for C) made out D) made up

B

出现 10 次的短语词汇

set
搭配

set against
set oneself up as
set up

使敌视,使抵消
以…自居
开办;建立;设立;开始经商

set out

动身;开始;装饰;摆放;阐明

set oneself against

坚决反对

set off

动身,出发;使爆炸

set forth

动身起程;阐明

set down

记下;登记;放下

set back
set aside

(把钟等)往回拨;推迟;使花费
挑出;不顾;取消;不理会

set apart

使分离;使显得突出;留出,拨出(时间、金钱等)

set about

开始;散布(谣言等)

a dinner set

一套餐具

set in

开始

set on

真题

袭击,唆使
Having decided to rent a flat, we ____contacting all the accommodation agencies
in the city .


A) set about B) set down

A

C) set out

D) set up

call
搭配

call after
call forth

追在…的后面叫喊
唤起,引起;鼓起(勇气,精神)

call for

要求,需要,提倡

call back

叫回来,收回(错话等)

call up

征召(服役),动员

call on/upon

访问;号召;呼吁

call off

叫走,叫开;取消

call in

收回(某物)

真题

That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but

the police.

A) called in B) calling in C) call in D) to call in
The sports meet, originally due to be held last Friday ,was finally
the bad weather.


because of

D

A)set off B)worn off C) broken off D) called off
A well-written composition ____ good choice of words and clear organization .

D

A) calls on B) calls for

B

C)calls up D) calls off

The article________more attention to the problem of cultural interference in
foreign language teaching and learning.
A)calls for
B)applies for
C)cares for D)allows for



A

2002 年 12 月 28 日四级短语词汇
pull
搭配

真题

pull apart
pull up

把…..拉开(或拆开),被拉开
(使)停下,拨起(树)

pull on

穿上;继续拉(或划)

pull into

进入;到达

pull together

齐心协力,团结起来

pull through

(使)度过危机(或难关),(使)恢复健康

pull over

把(车)驶到(或驶向)路边

pull out

拔出,抽去,取出;(车,船等)驶出;使摆脱困惑

pull off

(成功地)完成;扯下,脱去

pull in

(车)停下,(车)进站,(船)到岸

pull down

拆毁;降低

pull away

(让…..)走开,(使)离开

2002 年 12 月 28 日四级第 60 题
The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally_______.


A)pulled out B)pulled through C)pulled up

B

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D)pulled over

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