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Phrasal Verb Dictionary


1. A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition which creates a meaning different from the original verb. EXAMPLE: I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. NOTE: ou didn!t physically run into your teacher" but you met your teacher une#pectedly. 2. A phrasal verb can be transitive or intransitive. A transitive verb is followed by an object. EXAMPLE: I made up the story. An intransitive verb is not followed by an ob$ect. EXAMPLE: %e suddenly showed up. 3. Transitive phrasal verbs can be separable or non-separable. Separable verbs take the object between the verb and the preposition: EXAMPLE: I tal&ed into my mother letting me borrow the car. Not Correct I tal&ed my mother into letting me borrow the car. Correct Note: 'tal& into' is separable Non-separable verbs ta&e the ob$ect after the preposition: EXAMPLE: I ran my sister into. Not Correct I ran into my sister. Correct Note: 'run into' is non(separable )ome phrasal verbs can ta&e a preposition in both places.

2 EXAMPLE: I made an e#cuse up. Correct I made up an e#cuse. Correct Note: 'ma&e up' is both separable and non(separable *. In this phrasal verb dictionary" the following symbols will be used with transitive phrasal verbs to indicate whether they are separable" non(separable or ta&e prepositions in both places: + non-separable EXAMPLE: run into + * separable EXAMPLE: tal& , into * + In icates that an ob!ect can be place in both positions EXAMPLE: made , up +

Phrasal Verb De"inition act up add , up + behave or function improperly calculate a sum

E#a$ple I thin& I need to ta&e my car to the mechanic because it!s acting up again. I added up the receipts and it totaled

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-1./.*0. add up to + add up as& , out + as& , over + Phrasal Verb bac& down bac& out bac& out of + bac& , up + bac& up bawl , out e1ual an amount ma&e sense invite on a date invite to one!s home De"inition stop defending your opinion in a debate not &eep 8a promise" agreement" deal9 not &eep 8a promise" agreement" deal9 give support move bac&wards" reverse critici;e" reprimand 8inf.9 The total e#penses added up to -.2/.33. %er story doesn!t add up. I thin& she is lying. I can!t believe that 4oe finally as&ed me out on a date5 6hy don!t we as& the 4ohnsons over for dinner7 E#a$ple 4ane never bac&s down. )he always wins arguments. )am bac&ed out at the last second. )am bac&ed out of the agreement at the last second. ou need e#amples to bac& up your opinion. :ould you bac& up a little so I can open this drawer. )he bawled him out for arriving late. The soldier had to bear down on the leather strap while the doctor removed a bullet from the soldier!s arm. The <.).A. is bearing down on drug traffic&ers. This information may bear on this case. I didn!t thin& he would bear up so well in that situation. %ow did he bear up under such e#treme pressure. =lease bear with me while I fill out the paperwor&. >y cousin blew in une#pectedly with his entire family. All this negative publicity will blow over in a couple of wee&s.

bear down on + bite

bear down on + ta&e strong measures against bear on + bear up have to do with withstand

bear up under + withstand bear with + blow in blow over blow , up + blow up blow up be patient visit une#pectedly 8inf.9 pass without creating a problem

ma&e e#plode? destroy using The terrorists blew the bridge up. e#plosives e#plode The bomb blew up before they could defuse it.

6hen 4oan heard the news" she suddenly become very angry blew up and rushed out of the room. 6e need to brea& this problem

brea& , down + analy;e in detail

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down in order to solve. brea& down brea& down brea& , in + brea& in brea& in brea& in on + brea& into + brea& into + brea& , off + brea& out brea& out + brea& out of + brea& , up + brea& , up + brea& up bring , about + bring , along + bring , around stop wor&ing properly become mentally ill wear or use something new until it is comfortable interrupt enter a place unlawfully interrupt 8a conversation9 enter a house unlawfully interrupt 8a conversation9 end something appear violently use something e#travagant for celebration escape brea& into pieces disperse 8a crowd9" stop 8a fight9 end a relationship cause to happen bring with change someone!s mind" convince someone learn or gain 8from an e#perience9 The truc& bro&e down in the desert. )he bro&e down after her husband died. I need to brea& these shoes in before I go hi&ing. 6hile we were discussing the situation" Terri bro&e in to give her opinion. The burglar bro&e in between midnight and . A>. 4ane bro&e in on the conversation and told us to get bac& to wor&. The burglar bro&e into the house between midnight and . A>. 4ane bro&e into the conversation and told us what she &new. )ally bro&e her engagement to 4ohn off. @iolent protests bro&e out in response to the military coup. %e bro&e out the champagne to celebrate his promotion. The murderer bro&e out of the prison. I bro&e the crac&er up into pieces and put it in the soup. The police bro&e the demonstration up before it got out of control. )am and Aiane bro&e up again. 6hat a roc&y relationship. Aemocracy brought about great change in the lives of the people. 6hen we go to the forest" bring your wildlife guide along. )he doesn!t want to go" but we!ll eventually bring her around. >y trip across the )ahara was difficult" but I brought a new appreciation for life away from the e#perience.

bring , away

bring , off + bring , on + bring , out +

succeed at something difficult ou robbed the ban&5 I can!t or une#pected believe you brought that off. cause something highlight" stress I can!t believe she got so angry. 6hat brought that on7 our new shirt brings out the color of your eyes.

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bring , over + bring , to bring , up + bring , up + brush , off + burn , down + burn down burn up burn up burn , up + buy , out + buy , up + Phrasal Verb call for + call , off + call , off + call on + call on + call , up + calm , down + care for + care for + carry on + carry on about + bring to someone!s house revive consciousness mention raise 8 a child9 ignore something or someone 8inf.9 destroy by setting fire to burn until completely gone 8building9 be hot consume by fire destroy by fire 6hen you visit me" why don!t you bring over your son. 6e used smelling salts to bring her to after she fainted. I didn!t want to bring up the fact that she was unemployed. )am was brought up in )outh :arolina. >ary brushed her e#(boyfriend off at the party. The children burned the house down while playing with matches. Two buildings burnt down in the fire. I am burning up in here ( open the window. The papers were burned up in the fire. %e burnt up the files.

buy the shares of a company =acific Inc. was bought out by a or the shares the other company from Oregon. person owns of a business purchase the entire supply of 6e bought up all the beer in the something store. De"inition re1uire 8as in a recipe9 cancel something order to stop 8an invasion" guard dogs9 visit E#a$ple This recipe calls for mil&" not water. They called the picnic off because of the rain. %e called off the dogs when he saw it was his neighbor. >ar& called on Naomi while he was in town.

invite someone to spea& in a =rofessor Tan;er called on Tim meeting or a classroom to answer the 1uestion. telephone ma&e someone rela# nurse someone or something li&e someone or something continue 8a conversation" a game9 continue in an annoying way I called )am up to see if he wanted to go to the movies. ou can calm the baby down by roc&ing her gently. %e cared for the bird until its wing healed. I don!t care for sour cream on my potato. =lease" carry on. I didn!t mean to interrupt you. %e &ept carrying on about how

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much money he ma&es. carry on with + carry , out + carry , over + catch on catch up catch up with + continue complete andBor accomplish something continue on a subse1uent day" page" etc. slowly start to understand 8inf.9 ma&e up for lost time speed up to be at the same place as a person or thing in front of you become up(to(date return to see if everything is OC go to a place to see if everything is OC try to find enter a hospital" hotel etc. enter a hospital" hotel etc. investigate" loo& for 8often through a service9 I want you to carry on with the pro$ect while I am out of town. The secret agent carried out his orders e#actly as planned. The meeting carried over into lunch time. %e caught on after a few minutes. I will never catch up. I am too behind in my wor&. I had to run to catch up with the others. I need to catch up on world events. I haven!t seen the news in ages. 6e will chec& bac& tomorrow to ma&e sure the pro$ect is finished. 6e need to chec& by the office to see if the documents are ready. They chec&ed for termites before they bought the house. They need to chec& in before noon. They chec&ed into the hotel at 11:33 A>. 6e are chec&ing into discount flights to Dondon.

catch up on +

chec& bac&

chec& by + chec& for + chec& in chec& into + chec& into + chec& , off + chec& on + chec& , out + chec& out chec& out of + chec& , over + chec& up on + chec& , through

ma&e a mar& ne#t to 8an item :hec& each name off the list. on a list9 ma&e sure something is OC investigate" ta&e a loo& at leave a hotel" hospital leave a hotel" hospital Det!s chec& on the baby again before we go to sleep. %e chec&ed out the new restaurant down the street. It!s already eleven. 6e need to chec& out. 6e chec&ed out of the hotel before ten.

closely e#amine the condition %e chec&ed over the old car to of something see if it was worth buying. investigate someone or something send luggage through 8to a destination9 The police are chec&ing up on the bomb threats. our luggage will be chec&ed through to =aris.

chec& with + cheer , up cheer up chew , up + chop , down + chop , up + clean , up + clear out clear , up + close , down +

as& a person for confirmation ma&e someone feel cheerful become cheerful chew into small pieces fellBcut 8 a tree9 chopBcut into small bits tidy leave 8 inf.9 tidy close a place permanently

%e needs to chec& with his parents before he goes. The party really cheered me up. :heer up. Everything will be all right. The dog chewed up my shoe. The lumber$ac& chopped the tree down. %e chopped the meat up into little pieces. )usan cleaned the mess up before she left. Everybody clear out5 6e!re closed. )usan cleared up the mess before she left. The corner mar&et closed down because they didn!t have many customers. The bar was closed down because they served alcohol to minors. The rebels were closing in on the capital" so the government called in the army. They are closing the s&i resort up for the summer. The s&i resort is closing up for the summer. %ow did you idea for the boo& come about. They came across some lost >ayan ruins in the $ungle. %e comes across as rather rude" but he isn!t. If you want" you can come along. )am came along with us to the beach. %ow!s the research paper coming along. %ow are you coming along with the research paper.

close down

close permanently

close in on + close , up + close up come about come across + come across + come along

approach and threaten close temporarily close temporarily occur B happen discover by accident initially seem or have the appearance accompany someone

come along with + accompany come along progress

come along with + progress come away come bac&

I came away from the meeting leave a place with a particular feeling li&e the presentation was feeling or impression a success. return 6hat time are you coming

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bac&7 come by + come by get" receive visit a person at their house %ow did you come by that new >ercedes7 I!ll come by later this afternoon. %e came down with the flu. %e came into a large sum of money when his aunt died. The handle came off the suitcase when I pic&ed it up. I didn!t see the car at first. It came out of nowhere. )am finally came out last month. The pictures came out great. >icrosoft is coming out with a new video game system ne#t month. 6hy don!t you come over after wor& for dinner. Aon!t worry5 )he faints all the time. )he always comes to after a few minutes. Terry really came through for us in the end. The $ob offer didn!t come up to her e#pectations.

come down with + become sic& with come into + come off + come out come out come out come out with + come over come to come through come up to + come up with + come with + count , in + count on + count , out + count , up + cross , out + cut down cut down on + cut in cut in on + inherit fall off" brea& off appear reveal you are homose#ual turn out" end up produce and distribute a product visit someone at their house regain consciousness do what is needed or e#pected approach? to e1ual

)he came up with a great produce or create 8an idea" a proposal for the new advertising plan9 campaign. include 8an accessory9 include dependBrely on e#clude add draw a line through something" eliminate decrease the amount of decrease the amount of interrupt interrupt The computer system doesn!t come with a printer. Aid you count e#penses in7 ou can really count on )arah. ou can count 4ames out. %e hates playing po&er. :ount the change up and see how much we have. 6hy did you cross my name out on the list7 ou eat too much fat. ou need to cut down. ou need to cut down on your fat inta&e. )he suddenly cut in and delivered the news )he cut in on the conversation and delivered the news.

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cut , off cut , off + cut , out + cut , out cut , up + Phrasal Verb die away die down die offBout disagree with + )he cut him off before he said interrupt someone while they something he would regret were spea&ing later. sever 8 with a &nife9 remove stop an action cut into small pieces De"inition diminish in intensity diminish in intensity become e#tinct cause to feel sic& due to food or drin& %is finger was accidentally cut off in an industrial accident. %e cut the bone out of the stea&. :ut it out5 ou!re bothering me. %e cut the beef up and put the pieces in the soup. E#a$ple The applause died away after / minutes. The controversy about the president!s affair finally died down. 6hales are in danger of dying off. )picy food disagrees with me. )ome Americans want to do away with the death penalty. ou made many mista&es" so I want you to do the report over.

do away with + abolish do , over + do without + draw , up + dress , down dress down dress , up + dress up drive , bac& + drop in drop in on + drop out drop out of + drop over repeat

manage without something I couldn!t do without a car in one wants or needs :alifornia. create 8 a contract9 reprimand severely dress casually decorate wear elegant clothes repulse visit someone une#pectedly visit someone une#pectedly 1uit an organi;ed activity 1uit an organi;ed activity 8school9 visit someone casually Det!s draw an agreement up before we go any further with this pro$ect. The mother dressed her son down for s&ipping school. I am dressing down because we!re going to a barbecue by the beach. ou could dress this house up with some bright colors )he always dresses up at wor&. The invaders were driven bac& by the army. >eg dropped in yesterday after dinner. Det!s drop in on 4ulie since we!re driving by her house. uri isn!t on the team any more. %e dropped out. It!s difficult to get a good $ob if you drop out of high school. Arop over any time you feel li&e tal&ing.

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Phrasal Verb De"inition eat away eat , up + eat in eat out gradually destroy" erode devour eat inside the home eat outside the home E#a$ple The heavy rains ate away at the sandstone cliffs. Cen ate the coo&ies up. 6e usually eat in instead of going out for dinner. They eat out once a wee&.

Phrasal Verb De"inition face up to +

E#a$ple

I!ll never be able to face up to my ac&nowledge something colleagues after getting so drun& last difficult or embarrassing night at the wor& party. u&i can fall bac& on her degree in be able to use in case of biology if she doesn!t succeed in her emergency acting career. go slower than scheduled" lag %urry up or you will fall behind5 :heryl has missed several days of school and now she is falling behind in her homewor&. Interest in the pro$ect fell off when they reali;ed it wouldn!t be profitable. I had a falling out with my sister last month and we haven!t tal&ed to each other since. <nfortunately" my trip to Indonesia fell through because I couldn!t save enough money. )he sued her boss for se#ual harassment after he felt her up. I don!t feel up to going out tonight because I had a long day at wor&. 6here do you figure on living when you move to the the <.).A.7 I finally figured the $o&e out. Now I understand why everybody was laughing. I need to figure my e#penses up before I give you an estimate. Aon!t forget to fill in all the blan&s on the application. 6ho is going to fill in while you!re gone7 >iguel filled in for me at the meeting yesterday because I was sic&.

fall bac& on + fall behind

go slower than fall behind in + scheduled" lag fall off fall out with + decrease have an argument with

fall through feel , up + feel up to + figure on + figure , out + figure , up + fill , in + fill in fill in for + fill , out +

fail to happen grope have the energy to do something e#pect solve something" understand calculate complete substitute substitute for

complete 8an application9 I filled out an application to rent the

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apartment last wee&. fill out fill , up + find out + find out fi# , up + mature" get breasts fill to the top discover discover Now that you!re filling out honey" we need to get you a bra. Eill the car up with unleaded gas" please. ou will never find out all my secrets5 @ic&y!s parents are going to be so mad when they find out she got a tattoo.

repair" renovate" remodel >y neighbors are fi#ing their house up.

Phrasal Verb get , across + get ahead get ahead of + get along get along with + get around + get around get away get away with + get by get by on + get by with + get down to + get in + get in get , off + get , off

De"inition cause to be understood ma&e progress surpass have a good relationship have a good relationship

E#a$ple It!s difficult to get humor across in another language. I can!t get ahead even though I wor& two $obs. ou need to wor& overtime in order to get ahead of schedule. Ao you and your sister get along7 Fiovanna doesn!t get along with her two brothers.

)ome people get around paying avoid someone or something ta#es by hiring a good accountant. go many places escape do something against the rules or illegal and not get caught or punished survive without having the things you need or want survive with minimal resources manage with get serious about a topic enter 8 a car" a small boat9 enter send 8a pac&age9 It!s easy to get around town with public transportation. The ban& robbers got away. >y sister gets away with everything5 I lost my $ob" so I am having a hard time getting by this year. It!s nearly impossible to get by on ma&ing minimum wage. ou don!t need a computer. ou can get by with the typewriter. Enough small tal&. Det!s get down to business. Fet in the front seat. ou will have more leg room. Fet in. I will give you a ride to school I finally got my sister!s birthday present off yesterday.

remove 8 a spider from your :an you get this spider off my shirt9 shirt7

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get off + get off get off get , on get on get on + get on get on with + get on with + get out of + get over + get through + get through + get through leave 8a bus" plane" train" boat9 leave 6e need to get off the bus at the ne#t stop. It!s dangerous to sit on the roof. Fet off5

idiomatic phrase ( %ow does 6here does he get off saying he $ustify saying that75 that75 put on 8clothes9 ou should get your $ac&et on because it!s going to be cold.

enter 8a bus" train9" mount 8a The train is leaving. Guic&" get horse" a bi&e9 on5 enter 8a bus" train9" mount 8 a horse" a bi&e9 have a good relationship have a good relationship continue an activity e#it 8a small boat" car" an enclosed area9 recover 8a cold" a disease" an e#(boyfriendBe#( girlfriend9 complete penetrate penetrate Fet on my bi&e and I will give you a ride home. Natasha doesn!t get on with her co(wor&ers. Ao you get on with your neighbors7 Now that the police have left" let!s get on with the party5 I fell into the water when I tried to get out of the canoe. 4ennifer still hasn!t gotten over her brea&up with =eter. 6e will never get through all of these bo#es by H:33 =>. 6e need a stronger drill to get through this wall. The door was $ammed" so we couldn!t get through. %ave you gotten through with your homewor& yet7 It!s hard to get through to 4anet because her telephone line is always busy.

get through 8with9 + finish get through to + ma&e contact

get , up get up give , away +

cause someone to rise 8from Ahmed got Abdul up at /:.3 in a sitting position or a lying the morning by turning the music position9 up really loud. rise 8from sitting position or a 6hat time did you get up this bed9 morning7 give something without as&ing for anything in e#change betray 8a secret9 return something you borrowed 6hy did Nancy give all of her furniture away7 6e are having a surprise party for )usan ne#t )aturday" so don!t give our surprise away by acting suspicious. 6hen are you going to give that boo& bac& to your teacher7

give , away +

give , bac& +

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give in give off + give , out + give out give , up + give up go away go bac& go by + go bac& on + go down go for + go for go in for + go into + go off go off stop trying release 8a smell" light9 distribute become very tired 8inf.9 surrender something surrender leave return go past" go close to" visit 1uic&ly not &eep 8one!s word" a promise9 decrease try to achieve idiomatic phrase ( I am craving pepperoni pi;;a. participate 8 inf.9 discuss in detail e#plode begin" start 8used with signals" alarms" warning sounds9 stop 8said of a machine9 become angry continue happen continue 8 a plan" a conversation9 stop burning 8 a fire9 ta&e part in social activities Never give in5 ou can do it5 That white flower gives off a beautiful smell. I earn e#tra money by giving out brochures on the street. I hope this car doesn!t give out in the middle of the desert. The police told the thief to give his gun up. Never give up learning English5 I yelled at the dogs to ma&e them go away. 6hen are you going bac& to your house7 6e go by the coffee shop everyday. Aon!t trust him. %e always goes bac& on his promises. The cost of flight tic&ets is going down. Our team is going for the gold medal in the Olympics. I could go for pepperoni pi;;a. Are you going to go in for soccer this year at school7 I really don!t want to go into that now. The bomb could go off at any moment. The alarm cloc& went off at 0:33 A>. The A@A player goes off automatically if you are not using it. >aria went off last night after I told her about losing her bi&e. =lease" go on. Aon!t let me interrupt you. This place is a mess5 6hat went on here last night7 I thin& we should go on with the meeting and stop wasting time. The fire went out after three days. They love to go out every

go off go off go on go on go on with + go out go out

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8usually at night9 go over + go over go through + review be well received" succeed e#amine in detail" study carefully endure? e#perience challenges" difficulties or traumas )aturday night. Ao you usually go over your notes before class7 That didn!t go over well. I need to have my lawyer go through this contract before I sign it. )he has gone through so much in her life.

go through + go through with + go with + go with + go with + go without + grow under grow up

continue or proceed despite I have decided to go through difficulties or fears with the operation. match 8clothing9 accompany a person have a boyfriendBgirlfriend That shirt doesn!t go with those pants. I am going with Ale$andro to the party. I am going with uri.

abstain from something you A person can go without water want or need for three days. go out of business mature The restaurant went under after it lost its li1uor license. our brother needs to grow up and start thin&ing about his future. E#a$ple Is the teacher going to hand bac& our tests today7 The president is going to hand his decision down on health care tonight. 6hen my clothes got too small for me as a child" I handed them down to my sister. I have to hand in an offer by >arch 12. 6e should hand the concert fliers out at school. %and your car &eys over. ou!re too drun& to drive.

Phrasal Verb hand , bac& + hand , down + hand , down + hand , in + hand , out + hand , over + hang around + hang around hang , up + hang up hang out +

De"inition return pronounce formally give as an inheritance submit distribute relin1uish control of

stay in a place for fun >aria and )alvador usually hang 8 inf.9 around the beach after school. stay in a place for fun Those guys $ust hang around all day. suspend 8clothes on ou can hang your $ac&et up in the front a hanger9 closet. put down the telephone receiver Aon!t hang up. I!m going to change phones.

stay in a place for fun Det!s go hang out at the mall tonight. 8inf.9

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hang out have , on + have , over hear from + hear of + hit on + hit on + hold , bac& + hold bac& hold , off + hold off on + hold on hold on hold on to + hold out stay in a place for fun wear 6hat are you doing7 ( ( I!m $ust hanging out. Ao you have your hi&ing boots on7

invite guests to your 6hy don!t we have >r. and >rs. 4ones home over for dinner tonight. receive news from 8a %ave you heard from )teve lately7 letter" an e(mail9 &now about something or somebody find on accident flirt with restrain %ave you heard of chocolate covered ants7 I hit on the idea while watching the )impsons show. 4ay!s friend >arc was trying to hit on my sister last night. The police held the demonstrators bac& while the politicians entered the building.

not allow to advance The teacher held Eran& bac& a year" so in school he couldn!t enter fifth grade. restrain delay grasp tightly >r. 4ohnson held the dog off while we crossed the yard. 6e should hold off on ma&ing dinner until your parents arrive. %old on tight5 The roller coaster is about to ta&e off.

tell someone to wait %old on a minute. I!ll get :arol. on the telephone grasp tightly >a&e sure you hold on to the hand rail as you wal& down the stairs.

not give in" continue )top holding out and tell us where you to resist found all of these old records. They held out against enemy attac&. The accident held traffic up for an hour. Eive men held the ban& up yesterday. delay 8a flight" traffic9? rob 8a ban&" a person9 with a weapon

hold out against + not give in" resist hold , up + hold , up +

Phrasal Verb De"inition E#a$ple iron , out eliminate 6e need to have a meeting this wee& in order to iron out the distribution problems. E#a$ple 6e need to $ac& up the car before we

Phrasal Verb De"inition $ac& up + to raise

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change the tire. $o&e around $ump in $ump to + to be humorous enter a conversation ma&e a 1uic&" poorly thought out decision >i&e is always $o&ing around at wor&. Eeel free to $ump in at any moment while we are tal&ing. ou shouldn!t $ump to conclusions. E#a$ple I always &eep a dictionary around to translate new words. ou should &eep at your studies. Ceep the &ids away from the coo&ies. Ceep bac&5 The burning building is about to collapse.

Phrasal Verb De"inition &eep , around have handy" have accessible &eep at + &eep , away &eep , bac& &eep , down &eep , in &eep , off &eep on &eep , out &eep , over &eep to + &eep up &eep , up + not give up 8an activity9" to persevere prevent access to" hold bac& maintain a safe distance" cause to maintain a safe distance

not vomit" not throw up" &eep If I ate that" I down &now if I could in one!s stomach &eep it down. &eep in a particular place" 6hen I am not using it" I &eep my have something in a specific passport in this drawer. location prevent from stepping or climbing on to something continue prevent from entering cover something with" put something above continue" persist in 8an activity9 stay on the re1uired schedule continue Ceep the cat off the couch. %e &ept on tal&ing after everybody as&ed him to stop. Ceep the dog out of the garden? he &eeps digging up the flowers. I &eep a tarp over my bicycle at night to prevent it from getting wet. Everybody said she would never finish the pu;;le" but she &ept to it until it was done. ou have to &eep up if you want to wor& here. ou are doing a great $ob5 Ceep it up. I have so much reading that I can!t &eep up with the writing e#ercises.

stay on schedule with 8a &eep up with + person" the wor&load" homewor&9

Phrasal Verb lay away + lay down +

De"inition save for the future establish 8laws" rules9

E#a$ple 6hy don!t you lay away your wedding outfit7 Dori lays down the law in her class. English only5

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lay in on + scold or critici;e severely >y mom really laid in on me when I got home at *:33 in the morning last night. I saw Ieto!s mom lay into him when he came home late last night.

lay into + lay , off + lay , out + leave , out + let , down let , down let , out let , out let up lie down lie down on + lie with + light , up + light up +

scold or critici;e severely

suspend someone from a $ob The company was losing money" 8during a slow period9 so they had to lay off 133 wor&ers. arrange not include" omit disappoint lengthen 8pants in sewing9 release ma&e bigger 8in sewing9 wea&en in intensity rest" recline rest" recline 8 on a couch" bed9 be decided by illuminate to smo&e 6hy don!t we lay the pieces of the table out before we put it together. 6hy did your parents leave you out of their vacation plans7 I felt let down when I didn!t receive a birthday card from my sister. >y uncle is a tailor" so he can let your pants down. I am happy my brother was let out of prison early. I need to let out this s&irt because I have gained weight. I told her NO a thousand times" but she won!t let up. I need to lie down before we go out tonight. I!m going to lie down on the sofa for a while. 6hether or not you can go to the party lies with your father. Det!s get some candles to light this room up. Ao you have to light up another cigarette7 I thought you were trying to cut down.

live , down + live on + live up to + loo& after + loo& bac& on + loo& down on + loo& for +

live in a way that a shameful 4ose will never live down singing or embarrassing event is that song at the &arao&e bar. forgotten survive from &eep a standard ta&e care of 8a child" a house" a pet9 to remember nostalgically see as inferior to see& or search for I could live on bread and cheese. It would be hard to live up to her parent!s e#pectations. They are so demanding. 6hen my sister goes on vacation" I loo& after her dog. 6hen I loo& bac& on my childhood" I often feel angry. )he!s so conceited. )he loo&s down on everybody else. I!m loo&ing for my &eys. %ave you seen them7

1!
loo& forward to + anticipate with pleasure loo& into + loo& on loo& out loo& , over + loo& , up + loo& , up + loo& up to + Phrasal Verb ma&e , out ma&e , out + ma&e out ma&e out ma&e out ma&e out with + ma&e , over ma&e , up + ma&e , up + ma&e , up + ma&e up ma&e up for + mi# , up + mi# , up + mi# , up + investigate observe as a spectator be careful" pay attention" heed a certain danger e#amine" review search for 8in a dictionary9 locate and visit respect" admire someone De"inition decipher I am loo&ing forward to traveling to New or& ne#t year. The police are loo&ing into the murder. Everybody $ust loo&ed on as the two men fought. Doo& out" there!s a blac& widow spider on the wall. 6hen I!m camping" I loo& my shoes over before I put them on. I ta&es time to loo& up new vocabulary words. If you ever travel to :alifornia" you should loo& me up. %e loo&s up to his father.

E#a$ple I can!t ma&e out your handwriting. 6hat does this say7

write a chec& or other 6ho should I ma&e this chec& out to7 document succeed progress &iss passionately &iss someone passionately do again invent 8 a story9 complete what was missed put on cosmetics reconcile compensate for confuse blend ma&e lively 8a party9 %e really made out in the stoc& mar&et last year. %ow is your son ma&ing out in his new $ob7 I saw Jenno and Isabelle ma&ing out in the movie theater last night5 Aid you ma&e out with )ally7 The teacher made me do my homewor& over. Aon!t believe anything she says. )he always ma&es things up. Eortunately" my professor let me ma&e up the e#am I missed yesterday. I ta&es me 13 minutes to ma&e my face up. ou two have been friends for so long that I thin& you should ma&e up. Allen made up for being late by getting me flowers. I sometimes mi# the verb tenses up. 6e need to mi# up these different &inds of nuts before we put them in a bowl. Det!s mi# up this party with a little disco music.

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Phrasal Verb De"inition name , after + nod off name a child using another family member!s name fall asleep E#a$ple I was named after my grandfather. The movie was so boring that I nodded off before it was finished. I hate it when my mother noses around my room. E#a$ple It didn!t occur to us that we had left the iron on. I!m glad that 4ohn feels comfortable enough around me to open up. )he is out to get revenge now that her husband left her for another woman. E#a$ple The trip to @egas didn!t pan out. After battling cancer for several years" he finally passed away at the age of KL. %e tried to pass the fa&e watch off as a real Iole#. =lease pass this message on to your co(wor&ers.

nose around + snea& around Phrasal Verb De"inition occur to + open up pop into one!s mind" come to one!s mind share feelings

out to + verb try to Phrasal Verb De"inition pan out pass away pass , off + pass , on + pass on + pass on pass , out + pass out pass , up + pay , bac& + pay , off + pay , off + pic& on + pic& , out + pic& , up +

be successful" turn out well die try to convince someone that something is real transmit

not accept 8an invitation to eat 4ennifer passed on the invitation to or do something9 $oin us for dinner. die distribute become unconscious not ta&e advantage 8of an opportunity9 repay complete payment on a debt to bribe to tease" bully choose to lift an ob$ect with the hands I am afraid =rofessor 4ohnson has passed on. 6e need to pass out these flyers for the concert tomorrow. %e passed out because the room was too hot. I can!t believe she passed up the opportunity to study in Iome. If I loan you money" will you pay me bac&. It too& me ten years to pay off my credit card debt. Aon!t try to pay the police officer off if you get pulled over for speeding. )he &eeps pic&ing on me5 >a&e her stop. Aiane pic&ed out a lovely dress for the dance. Ceep your bac& straight when you lift the T@ up.

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pic& , up + pic& , up + pic& , up + pic& up come and get someone in a car 6hat time are you going to pic& me up.

It!s possible to pic& up enough learn something without effort English in two wee&s to get by on your trip to Dos Angeles. try to initiate a relationship with )ome weird guy tried to pic& someone 8often in a bar9 =atricia up at the bar. grow" increase 8inf.9 Jusiness is really pic&ing up this 1uarter. The =resident played down his affair with the intern. )he played up her part in the new movie" but it was actually a very small role. )he has been playing up to the boss because she wants a promotion. I!d li&e to point out that figures in column two might be outdated. %e pulls down about -.33"333 a year. >ar& pulled in too 1uic&ly and crashed into the wall. Our train pulls out at K:33" so don!t be late. I didn!t thin& she was going to ma&e it" but she pulled through in the end.

play , down + ma&e less important 8inf.9 play , up highlight something 8inf.9 flatter someone for your personal advantage indicate earn par& 8a vehicle9 depart 8a vehicle9 barely survive

play up to + point , out + pull down pull in pull out pull through

communicate 8an idea or I thought >s. )mith put her ideas put , across + suggestion9 clearly so that it is across rather clearly in the meeting. understood put , away + put , down + put in + put , off + put , on + put , on + put , out + put , out + put out + return to the proper place of storage insult" say bad things about officially submit a re1uest 8in the armed forces or public services9 postpone wear deceive e#tinguish 8a fire9 inconvenience someone spend 8usually used with unreasonably large sums of I told you &ids to put your toys away. )he always puts down people who don!t share her opinions. %e put in for a transfer to the division in Dos Angeles. Aon!t put off your wor& ( do it now5 >a&e sure you put on a sweater before you go outside. I didn!t believe a thing he said. I thin& he was putting me on. Aon!t use water to put out a grease fire. I don!t want to put you out" but could you pic& me up at the airport. I can!t put out that much money each month.

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money9 put , up have a guest stay in your house for a short time :an you put me up while I!m in town. )andy will not put up with smo&ing in her house. E#a$ple

put up with + tolerate Phrasal Verb 1uiet , down + De"inition

be 1uiet" or cause The neighbors told us to 1uiet down last night to be 1uiet or they would call the police.

Phrasal Verb read up on + ring , up rule , out + run across + run against + run away

De"inition research a topic for a reason telephone eliminate find or meet une#pectedly compete in an election

E#a$ple I need to read up on the company before I go on the $ob interview. 4ac& rung me up last night at .:33 in the morning. I wouldn!t rule out the possibility of moving to another country if I get a good $ob offer. I ran across some old photos while I was cleaning my house. Fore ran against Jush in the 2333 elections in the <.).A.

leave home permanently The child ran away because her before you are a legal adult parents beat her. The child ran away from its parents. %ave you run down those phone numbers I as&ed for last wee&7 >y boss runs everyone down. >y dog was run down by a bus. ou need to wind your watch so it doesn!t run down.

run away from + escape from run , down run , down run , down run down run for + run into + run , off + run , off run off run off run out of + trace critici;e hit with a car loose power" be very tired

campaign for a government Fore is running for president of the position <.).A. meet une#pectedly ma&e leave reproduce 8photocopies9 leave 1uic&ly waste water not have any more of something I ran into my English teacher at the movies last night. )he!s so nice5 The new government is trying to run the drug traffic&ers off. 6ould you mind running off 13 copies of this document for me7 6hy did you run off after the party7 ou shouldn!t swim where the sewage runs off into the ocean. 6e ran out of mil& this morning" so we need to go to the store.

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Phrasal Verb De"inition save , up + see about + see , off see to + see , through sell , out set , up set , up set up + settle on + settle up show , off + show off show , up show up shut , off shut , up accumulate 8money9 arrange or consider something say good(bye to someone at the beginning of their trip 8at the airport" train station9 E#a$ple I hope I will be able to save up enough money to go to school. >y dad said he was going to see about buying me a car. Aid you see your sister off at the train station7

ma&e sure something happens" I!ll see to it that >r. Iamire; gets arrange your message. finish something despite difficulties tell on someone arrange a relationship falsely incriminate a person arrange 8an appointment" a meeting"etc.9 Are you going to be able to see your studies through now that you have a baby7 >y partner in crime sold me out for a reduced $ail sentence. >y mom set me up with her friend!s son. I don!t thin& he &illed those men. )omebody set him up. I set up an appointment with my doctor at .:.3 this afternoon.

ma&e a decision after a period I settled on the $ob at the oil of time company. pay one!s debts 6e need to settle up before you move.

show to everybody with a lot of %e always shows off his new pride things. boast" draw attention to oneself ma&e someone seem inferior arrive without previous notice stop from functioning ma&e 1uiet oung boys show off in order to impress girls. %e!s always trying to show up his co(wor&ers in order to get ahead. I hadn!t seen my cousin for years" and all of a sudden" he showed up at my wor&place yesterday5 If you don!t pay your electric bill" your power is going to get shut off. 6ould someone shut him up5 %e!s tal&ing so loudly that we!re going to get in trouble. Jecause >ary!s level in English is lower than the rest of the students" she slows the class down. Jecause >ary!s level in English is lower than the rest of the students" she slows the class up.

slow , down + ma&e move more slowly

slow , up +

ma&e move more slowly

spell , out +

to e#plain something in a %e!s so stupid that you have to detailed way so that the spell everything our for him. meaning is clearly understood

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stand by stand for + stand for + stand out stand , up stand up for + wait represent tolerate be very noticeable not arrive to a date or an appointment 8inf.9 defend 8something one believes in9 I need you to stand by and answer the phone when my bro&er calls. ):<JA stands for 'self contained underwater breathing apparatus.' I won!t stand for people critici;ing me. )oledad is so beautiful5 )he really stands out in a crowd. I arranged to meet 4oe at the library at K:33" but he stood me up. I hope he has a good e#cuse. Every individual must stand up for what they believe in. I thin& you should stand up to your older brother and tell him to stop pushing you around. It ta&es you so long to ta&e the bus home" so why don!t you $ust stay over7

defend oneself against stand up to + someone or something stay over spend the night at a person!s house

stic& it to +

>y boss really stuc& it to me when severely critici;e a person 8inf.9 I arrived late to wor& for the third time this wee&. persevere" &eep trying Even though English is a hard language to master" you must stic& to it5 4oseph $oined the army because he believes he must stic& up for his country. E#a$ple I ta&e after my father. 6ho do you ta&e after7 The soldiers too& the captives away. I demand that you ta&e bac& what you said. The dress my grandmother bought for me didn!t fit" so I too& it bac& and e#changed it for a pair of pants. 6ould you mind ta&ing down my messages while I am on vacation7 The city government made the shop ta&e down their bright" neon sign. Ao you ta&e me for an idiot7 Are you ta&ing in all of these phrasal verbs7 %e was ta&en in by the con artist.

stic& to +

stic& up for + defend oneself or opinions

Phrasal Verb ta&e after + ta&e , away + ta&e , bac& + ta&e , bac& + ta&e , down + ta&e , down + ta&e , for ta&e , in + ta&e , in +

De"inition resemble a parent or relative remove" sei;e or capture retract something you said return an item to a store write down what is said remove 8from a high place9 consider" view as learning deceive a person

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ta&e , in + ta&e , off ta&e , off + I lost weight" so I need to ta&e some ma&e smaller when sewing of my s&irts to the tailor to have them ta&en in. when a plane or roc&et leaves the ground remove >y stomach felt funny when the plane too& off. In many cultures" it is appropriate to ta&e off your shoes when entering a house. I was sic& last wee&" so I too& a few days off of wor&. 6e too& off after dinner. )he has ta&en on too much responsibility in this pro$ect. 6ho is going to ta&e over the family business when Aretha!s father dies7 If the =resident is assassinated" the @ice(president will ta&e over. I can!t meet you tonight because I am ta&ing Eernanda out to dinner. %ave you ta&en up any new hobbies since you moved here7 6e should ta&e this issue up in the meeting tomorrow. This dress is too long" I am going to ta&e it up. This couch ta&es up too much space in the living room.

ta&e , off + ta&e off ta&e on + ta&e , over +

leave wor& or school for a period of time leave accept 8responsibilities" wor&9 ta&e control of

ta&e over ta&e , out +

ta&e control of accompany a person on a date 8for dinner" the movies9 begin a new hobby discuss 8at a later date9 shorten a garment when sewing occupy space

ta&e , up + ta&e , up + ta&e , up + ta&e up + tal& bac& tal& bac& to + tal& , over +

respond in an impolite way Aon!t tal& bac&5 to an adult respond in an impolite way :hildren should not tal& bac& to to an adult their parents. discuss I hope my parents tal& their relationship problems over before they get divorced. The county decided to tear down the dilapidated school and build a new one. I always tear up my personal papers before I throw them out.

tear , down +

destroy

tear , up + tell , off +

tear or rip into small pieces

:arolina told me off when she critici;e a person severely" found out I was gossiping about her reprimand 8inf.9 date with >artin. Every time I did something wrong report a crime to the police when I was a child" my sister would or bad behavior to a parent tell on me. consider Thin& over the offer before you sign

tell on +

thin& , over +

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the contract. thin& , through + consider carefully thin& , up + throw , away + throw , out + throw , out + throw up tie , up + tire , out touch on + touch , up try , on + try , out turn , away turn , around turn , down + create or invent a false story discard discard ou need to thin& this through carefully before you ma&e a decision. I need to thin& up an e#cuse for not going to her party. Aon!t throw away those bottles? we can recycle them. I as&ed him not to throw out the )unday newspaper because I wanted to save an article.

remove by force from 8a >ary threw out her roommate room" school" a house" etc.9 because she stopped paying rent. vomit tie securely If you drin& too much alcohol" you might throw up. 6hen we doc&" ma&e sure you tie the boat up.

cause someone to be very )pea&ing English all day tires me tired out. tal& about for a short time ma&e the final improvements The presidential candidates touched on the sub$ect of health care during the debates. 6e didn!t paint the whole &itchen" we $ust touched up the cabinets.

put on to ma&e sure a piece Try on the pants before you buy of clothing fits them. test refuse to deal with or give service change or reverse direction refuse an offer? re$ect an application lower the volume or intensity of a T@" radio" or other machine submit go to bed 8inf.9 become something different" transform Try out this massage chair ( it feels great5 They turned us away at the border because we didn!t have visas. Turn the car around and go bac& home. )he turned down the new $ob in New or&" because she didn!t want to move. I!m studying5 =lease turn down the T@. ou need to turn your essays in ne#t wee&. It!s getting late. I thin& it is about time to turn in. 6hen she &issed the frog" it turned into a handsome prince.

turn , down + turn , in turn in turn into + turn , off + turn on +

stop the function of 8a Aon!t forget to turn off the iron stove" a water faucet" a car" before you leave the house. etc.9 attac& une#pectedly The pit bull suddenly turned on the

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small child. turn , on turn , on + turn , out turn , out turn out turn out turn , over cause to be e#cited se#ually )cientists have discovered that the smell of cinnamon turns many people on.

start the function of a T@" a Turn on the T@. The baseball game radio" a machine starts in a few minutes. produce switch off a light audience members to a function end up being give to authorities 8said of evidence or stolen B lost property9 increase the volume or intensity of a T@" radio" or other machine find une#pectedly The weavers can turn out two or three rugs a month. Turn out the light before you go to bed. Over 133"333 people turned out for the concert. )he turned out to be the murderer after all. They turned the wallet over to the police. Turn up the T@. I can!t hear what they!re saying. >y &eys turned up in the bedroom. E#a$ple Each waitress waits on three different tables in the restaurant. Aon!t wait up. Det!s wait up for >ary to see how her date went. The car alarm wo&e me up at 0:33 in the morning. 6a&e up. It!s time to get ready for wor&. >a&e sure you wash up before dinner. If we wor& together" we can wash the &itchen up in a few minutes. 6atch out ( there!s a rattlesna&e5 6atch out for sna&es while you are hi&ing in the desert. The affects of the medicine will wear off after a few hours. If you wear the same shoes everyday" you!ll wear them out. %er three &ids wore me out.

turn , up + turn up

Phrasal Verb De"inition wait on + wait up serve" service 8a table9 not sleep because you are waiting for something or someone not sleep because you are waiting for someone or something awa&en someone awa&en clean oneself clean be careful

wait up for + wa&e , up + wa&e up wash up wash , up + watch out

watch out for + be careful of wear off wear , out wear , out disappear after a period of time use until something is not useable anymore cause to be very tired

2
wind up + wind , up + wind , up + wipe , out + wipe , out wor& , out + wor& out wor& out finish 8inf.9 tighten the spring of a watch or similar machine If he doesn!t get his act together" he is going to wind up in $ail. %e wound up the toy dog and set it on the floor.

cause an animal or a child to The &ids always get wound up behave wildly when <ncle %enry comes over. massacre or destroy cause to be very tired solve e#ercise be successful The tidal wave wiped out the small fishing village. After surfing all day" I was completely wiped out. I hope you two can wor& out your problems. I wor& out three times a wee& at the fitness center. I am glad your new catering business is wor&ing out. 6rite down the directions so you don!t forget them. %e wrote out the lyrics so I could understand what the singer was saying. %e wrote up a business proposal in order to get a loan. E#a$ple I thin& I have ;eroed in on what has been causing the problem. I ;ipped around town after wor& today.

write , down + record write , out + write , up + write down every word or letter prepare a report

Phrasal Verb De"inition ;ero in on + ;ip around + ;one out ;on& out ;oom in ;oom in on + discover" pinpoint move 1uic&ly from place to place

stop paying attention %e ;oned out during class. fall asleep focus 4ill was so e#hausted after ta&ing the TOEED test that she ;on&ed out before dinner. ou need a telephoto lens to ;oom in.

focus on something" )he ;oomed in on his face while ta&ing the pinpoint picture.

$% $&'( )*+ A,, T(% -%'T