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Rat Respiration system The function of respiration system: The function of the respiratory system in rats is to aid breathing.

This also helps in the transportation of oxygen in the body. / A rat's Respiratory System is rather complex, just as ours is. Let us take a look at the rat's Respiratory System, including the lungs, how the rat breaths and takes in air, gas exchange, lobes in a rat's lungs, and the diaphragm. In a rats lung, there is one lobe on the left, and four on the right. There is a lobe called the accessory lobe, which sits closer to the left side of the lungs, but is actually part of the right lung. Therefore, the Cranial, Middle, Caudal and Accessory lobe made up the right lung; however the left lung does not have multiple lobes. Blood flows throughout our body and a rat's body. The blood that flows through the body is some sort of a mass 'turnpike' or 'highway'. Oxygen is picked up in the lungs by the red blood cells and distributed to the other cells in the body. Such as muscles, organs, and the heart it's self. The blood also brings energy, vitamins, and minerals to the cells in the organs and muscles of the body. Finally once dropping off the 'cargo' the red blood cells take the waste from the cells and get rid of it. Without blood flowing throughout the body we would not be able to move or use parts of their body therefore making them useless. In a rats body the circulatory system and the respiratory system work together very well. Their job overall is to get oxygen to the muscles and organs. The path of the oxygen (air) is something like this. When the rat goes to inhale its diaphragm pulls down this creates somewhat of a vacuum effect. This is because there is more room but the same amount of air, because of this force air is pulled into the Respiratory System where it begins its journey. When the rat inhales the air travels to the Pharynx, then it goes down the Trachea. Once in the Trachea the air travels through the bronchi then inside of the lungs and finally into the alveoli. Once in the alveoli gas exchange can occur. This is when the red blood cell in the capillaries and the alveoli trade gasses. The red blood cells get rid of the carbon dioxide and pick up the oxygen while the alveoli let the oxygen go and take in the carbon dioxide. Once oxygen is being carried by the red blood cells they are pumped through the left side of the heart. The red blood cells carrying the oxygen enter through the Pulmonary Vein into the Left Atrium. From here it goes into the Left Ventricle where it is pumped into the aorta and from there to the body. After this the cells give the red blood cells carbon dioxide and other wastes to get rid of. When the carbon dioxide gets to the lungs it is traded in for oxygen and is then exhaled the same way it came in. / Rodents are a class of mammals that include rats, mice, squirrels, gerbils, beavers, guinea pigs and other animals that have sharp incisor teeth. Rodents' respiratory system is similar to that of most other mammals, including humans. The respiratory system is used to inhale oxygen and exhale

carbon dioxide. The rodent respiratory system consists of nostrils, lungs, a trachea and a larynx, though the size of these parts varies based on the size of the rodent.

picture C Lungs are the respiratory organs. The passage way for air is formed by external nostrils, pharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi. Lungs contain large number of minute alveoli in which external respiration takes place. Surrounding the lungs and the heart is a thoracic cage containing long, curved bones called ribs. Below the lungs is a diaphragm which divides the trunk into an upper thorax and a lower abdomen. The ribs and the diaphragm play a major role in the breathing movements inspiration and expiration.

Circulation system The function of rats circulation system: The general idea in having a circulatory system is as a transportation method to get needed materials to living cells, and then get waste material out. That's what a rat's blood and circulatory system do. The heart pumps, the vessels do the delivery work. We then attach lungs to do gas exchange in the blood (O2 in and CO2 out), a gastrointestinal tract to process food and get nutrients into the blood (dumping the waste out directly), and kidneys and a liver to get waste material out of the blood. That's it in a nutshell. / The function of a rat's circulatory system is to distribute blood round the rat's body. In so doing, nutrients are passed to the body cells. The body temperature and pH are also stabilized.