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pD;awmfqikd u
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nTe&f mqDukd pD;vmcJo


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w,f/ oDwif;wpfywfwdkif; ukodkvf
wpfcg&aewmyJ/ cifAsm;wd&Yk mG uvlawG
ewfjynfvm;rSm aocsmaeNy/D [dyk *k Kd vf
awGu t0Dprd mS ajrae&m? tdraf e&mzke;f
qufrmS xm;p&m rvdak wmhb;l aygh r[kwf
bl;vm;}}/
onfwpfcgawmh OD;ndKBu;D csucf si;f
acgif;rndwyf g/ rsuv
f ;kH 0dik ;f 0dik ;f Bu;D rsm;
ESihf uReaf wmht
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xkwaf eonfukd awGUvdu
k &f ayownf;/

[efvif;ysLNrdKUawmfa[mif;qDodkY (6)
/ armifMunfaomf (aumvif;)

18 owif;aqmif;yg;

rwf 11 &uf? 2014 (t*FgaeY)

ygwDtifpwDusL;&Sif;qdkif&m tajccHrsm;
/ &JjrifYausmf

(1) acwfrv
D t
Yl zGUJ tpnf;qdw
k m bm
omaygif;pH?k vlrsK;d aygif;pH?k bmompum;
aygif;pHkeJY pkzGJUpnf;xm;wJY A[kd vlYtzGJU
tpnf; (Plural Society) udk qkdvdkyg
w,f/ EdkifiHa&;ygwDaumif;wpfck[m
tJ'v
D w
l ef;pm; tvTmtoD;oD;udk rdryd gwD
&JU pdwful;tajrmftjrifeJY OD;wnfcsuf
vkyif ef;awG (Vision and Missions) atmuf
rSma&&Snf pnf;Hk; odrf;oGif;xm;&rSm
jzpfygw,f/
(2) wnfNidrfrI&SdwJY vlYtzGJUtpnf;
qdkwmvlxk&JU EdkifiHa&;yl;aygif;yg0ifrI
(Political Participation) jrifhrm;rI t
ay:rSmwnfw,fvdkY EdkifiHa&;ynm&Sif
awGu qdx
k m;ygw,f/ awmfveS af &; t
rsKd;om;a&;wdkYeJY pkzGJUxm;wJh orm;dk;us
EdkifiHa&; tpktzGJUawG[m acwfrDEdkifiH
a&;ygwD tifpwDusL;&Si;f yHpk u
H kd usio
Yf ;kH
jcif;tm;jzifo
Y m vlx&k UJ Edik if aH &; axmuf
cHrIeJY yl;aygif;yg0ifrIudk a&&Snf jrifh,l
oGm;EdkifrSm jzpfygw,f/
(3) ygarmu[efwifwefu olY&JU
Political Order in Changing Societies

pmtkyrf mS ]]Edik if w
H nfaqmufa&;qdw
k m
vlYtzGJUtpnf;twGif; xda&muf pGrf;
aqmif&nfjrifw
h hJ AsLdu
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tzGJUtpnf;twGif;rSm zefwD;&jcif;yJ/
wpfenf;tm;jzifh EdkifiHa&;vkyfief;rSm
vlopfawG tkypf o
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vmatmif pGr;f aqmif&nfjrifh ygwDpepf
wpfckudk xlaxmif&jcif;jzpfw,f}} a&;
xm;ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh ygwDawG[m
vlx&k UJ Edik if aH &;yg0ifrI jrifw
Y ufvmatmif
tNrJ pnf;Hk;vIyf&Sm;&r,f/ ygwD&JU tif
pwDusL;&Sif;tm; aumif;atmif wnf
aqmufaf ejcif;[m Edik if w
H nfaqmufaf &;
vkyfief; aqmif&Gufaejcif;yg/ ygwD&JU
rl0g'eJY pepfawGu vlxEk ikd if aH &;yg0ifrI
EIef;jrifYvmatmif wdk;csJUvkyf,lEdkifpGrf;
&Sad e&r,f/ ygwDr0l g'eJpY epfwYkd wnfNird f
ygrS ygwDtifpwDusL;&Si;f tm; aumif;vm
EdkifNyD; vlxk,HkMunfudk;pm;rI rsKd;qufcsD
cHrSm jzpfygw,f/
(4) odkYaomf ygwDwpfck[m vlxk&JU
Edik if aH &;yg0ifrEI eI ;f jrifrY m;ayr,fv
h nf;
ygwDtifpwDusL;&Si;f qdik &f m nHzh si;f jcif;

u ygwDwiG ;f zdzk &Jjzpfr?I tkypf *k P


kd ;f zGUJ rI?
yk*dKvfa&;xlaxmifrI? tMurf;zufrIwkdY
txd OD;wnfomG ;apEdik yf gw,f/ &efbuf
ygwDodkYr[kwf tmPm&tpdk;&awG&JU
axmifacsmufxJ tvG,w
f ul usa&muf
oGm;Edik yf gw,f/ 'gaMumifh tm;aumif;wJh
ygwDjzpfzdkYqdk&if EdkifiHa&;qdkif&m tifp
wDusL;&Si;f zGUJ pnf;aqmif&u
G rf I (Political
Institutionalization) udk tav;xm; vkyf
aqmifMu&rSm jzpfygw,f/
(5) wpfzufrmS vlxak xmufcrH I t
awmftwef&xm;wJh awmfveS af &; tkypf k
awGuvnf; ygwD&,f? tzGJUtpnf; &,f
owfowfrw
S rf w
S rf &Sb
d J vIy&f mS ;aqmif
&Gujf cif;u vrf;ay:vIy&f mS ;rIawGeYJ yk*Kd vf
a&; xifay:vdkrIawGudkyJ OD;wnfap
wwfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh acwfrED ikd if aH &;
pepfukd avQmufvrS ;f vdw
k hJ acgif;aqmif
awG[m ygwDpepfuwpfqifhom vlYt
zGUJ tpnf;xJ Edik if aH &;zGUH NzKd ;rI&v
dS matmif
wnfaqmuf,&l ygr,f/ &Ny;D om; vlxk
axmufcrH eI YJ vIy&f mS ;yg0ifraI wGtcsn;f
tES;D rjzpfatmif tzGUJ tpnf;f qdik &f m rpf
&SifApf&Sifrsm;eJY aqmif&GufzdkYvdkygw,f/
'Dru
kd a&pDpEH eI ;f rsm;uMunf&hf if 'Dru
kd &uf
wpfygwDEikd if aH &;udk txifao;ol rnf
olrqdk tmPm&Sipf du
k &f o
dS jl zpfw,fvYkd
awmif qdEk ikd w
f mrdYk ygwDEikd if aH &;[m 'Drkd
ua&pD&UJ touf0f n
d mOf jzpfaeygw,f/
(6) a&G;aumufyGJeJYvTwfawmf[m
jyefvnfwifjyajymqdEk ikd af &;twGuf enf;
ud&,
d mawG (Election and parliament
are instruments of representation.)

vdkYqdk&if? ygwDawGuawmh pnf;Hk; vIyf


&Sm;rI&UJ enf;u&d,mjzpfw,f/ (Parties
are instruments of mobilization)/
ygwDawG yg0ifrrI &Sw
d YJ a&G;aumufy[
JG m
toufr&Sdovdk? ta&GUrjzpfapEdkifbl;/
ygwDawGyg0ifwYJ a&G;aumufyu
JG om Edik f
iHa&; Ed;k Mum;vIy&f mS ;rIawG jzpfvmapw,f?
a&G;aumufyrJG ormrIuv
kd nf; azmfxw
k f
Ny;D vlxak xmufcrH yI &k d atmif vkyEf ik d w
f ,f/
a&G;aumufyGJrSm EdkifiHa&;ygwDawG&JU
yg0ifrI ydktm;aumif;avav? vlxk&JU
rJay;rIEIef;eJY EdkifiHa&;pdwf0ifpm;rIEIef;
ydkjrifhrm;avav jzpfwmaMumifh ygwD
wdik ;f [m a&G;aumufyu
JG jkd zpfEikd &f if vuf
ra&SmifoifYbl;/

(7) acwfaemufuswYJ vlt


Y zGUJ tpnf;
wdkif;rSm tcGifYxl;cHvlpkawGu EdkifiHa&;
ygwDawG ay:xGufrvmatmif [efY
wm;xm;avh&w
dS ,f/ ygwDomru tjcm;
or*tzGJYtpnf;awG? vGwfvyfwJh t
oif;tzGJUawG ay:xGufrvmatmif
vnf; ydwfqdkYwm;jrpfMuw,f/ odkYaomf
tmPm&tpd;k &awGu Edik if aH &;ygwDawG
eJYor*awGudk ydkzdESdyfavav? vlUtzGJU
tpnf; ydkrwnfNidrfavavygyJ/ EdkifiH
wum tawGUtBuHKawGt& vGwfvyf
wJh EdkifiHa&;ygwDawGr&SdwJh EdkifiHawGrSm
tmPmodr;f rIawG ydBk urd zf efrsm;ygw,f/
(8) vlt
Y zGUJ tpnf;twGi;f Edik if aH &;
pepf wnfNidrfrI&Sda&;[m EdkifiHa&;ygwD
awG&JU BuHhcdkiftm;aumif;jcif;tay:
wnfrSDygw,f/ EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG tm;
aumif;vmwmeJYtrQ EdkifiHa&;xJ ppf
buf&UJ 0ifa&mufpu
G zf ufru
I kd avQmcY sEdkif
r,f/ EdkfifiHa&;ygwDawG tm;raumif;
jcif;? acgif;aqmifrt
I pnf;ajyjcif;? vlxk
axmufcHrI usqif;jcif;? tzGJUtpnf;
qdik &f m aqmif&u
G Ef ikd rf rI &Sb
d J yk*Kd vaf &;
ud;k uG,rf I jrifaY ejcif;wd[
Yk m ppfAv
kd cf sKyf
awGudk tmPmodrf;zdkY vufurf;aeo
vdkygyJ/
(9) tm;enf;wJh ygwDwpfzGJU[m
wnfaxmifol acgif;aqmify*k Kd vt
f ay:
tvGeftrif;tm;udk;vGef;NyD; tJ'DygwD
[m olr&SdwJYaemuf ysufpD;oGm;wwfyg
w,f/ ygupwefu*sif;em;? oD[dkuqD
emem,muD? jrefrmjynfu AdkvfcsKyf
atmifqef;wdYk uG,v
f eG Nf y;D wJaY emuf ol
wd&Yk UJ ygwDawG[m Mum&Snrf cHbJ ysupf ;D
oGm;cJyY gw,f/ tdE,
d u uGe*f &ufygwD
uawmY *EBD u;D aoqH;k cJaY yr,fh ael;&JU
yk*dKvfa&;rqefrI? tifpwDusL;&Sif;qdkif
&mzGJYpnf;EdkifcJhrIaMumifY ,aeYxd atmif
jrif&SifoefaeqJ jzpfw,f/
(10) EdkifiHa&;ygwDaumif;[m w
jcm; rdwfzufygwDawGeJYwlnDwJh udp&yf
awGrmS yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G Ef ikd rf ?I tvkyf
orm;or*vdk tzGJUawGukd tm;ay;
aqmif&u
G rf I rjywf&&dS ygr,f/ rdryd gwDudk
axmufcHwJh vlxkawGeJY or*awGudk
ygwD&UJ tifpwDusL;&Si;f qdik &f m rlabmif
atmufrSmpnf;Hk;NyD; tm;vHk;wdk;wufzGHY
NzdK;rIS&Sdatmif ulnDae&ygr,f/ygwD&JU

tifpwDusL;&Sif;qdkif&m zGJUpnf;EdkifrIu
om yk*Kd vaf &;qefraI wGeG YJ twGi;f y#dyu
awGudk avQmYcsay;EkdifygvdrfYr,f/
(11) ygwDwpfzGJU[m rdrdygwD&JU t
awG;tac:? rl0g'eJpY epfukd vlxk oabm
aygufem;vnfatmif &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif;
wifjyxm;Edik &f r,f/ rjywfrom; Iyf yI f
axG;axG; ajymqdkrIawG? aMunmcsuf
awGu vlxu
k kd Mum&Snzf rf;pm;Edik zf Ykd cuf
ygw,f/ EdkifiHwumygwDBuD;awG&JU t
,ltq0g'awGudkvnf; cGJjcrf;pdwfjzm
rdwfqufay;Edkif&ygr,f/
(12) Edik if aH &;ygwDaumif;wpfc[
k m
tvkyo
f rm;? v,form;? ynmwwf vl
vwfwef;pm;? aMu;&wwfrsm;eJY NrdKUjy
aexkdifolrsm;pwJY vlwef;pm;aygif;pHk
twGuf aysmf0iftdk;BuD; (Melting Pot)
jzpfae&r,f/ NrdKUjyeJYaus;vuf&JU tod
ynmeJY aexdkifrIb0 uGm[csufawGudk
qGaJ phay;Edik rf ,fh vrf;aMumif;awG &SmazG
ay;&r,f/ ,aeYEdkifiHwdkif;rSm EdkifiHa&;
ygwDawGtay: vlxkawG pdwfysufrI &Sd
vmcsed rf mS ? vlraI &;vkyif ef;awG y&[dw
vkyfief;awG? vlYtcGifYta&; tumt
uG,af y;rIawGpwJh vlxv
k t
kd yfcsuaf wG
udk ygwDawGu tod&Sd&SdeJY yl;wGJaqmif
&Gufoifhygw,f/
(13) ygwD0ifpkaqmif;jcif;? vlxk
qufqaH &;oifwef;rsm;? pDrcH efcY rJG I oif
wef;rsm;? Edik if aH &;ody?H Edik if aH &; abm*
aA'eJY Oya'oifwef;rsm; yHrk eS af y;&r,f/
t&nftcsif;&SdtrwfawG? 0efBuD;awG
arG;xkwzf Ykd jyifqifavYusiaf e&ygr,f/
tpd;k &0efBu;D tzGUJ wm0ef vTaJ jymif;,lz?Ykd
AsLdu
k a&pD,E&m;udk xda&mufpmG udik f
wG,Ef ikd zf Ykd toifjh yifqifNy;D om; jzpfae
&r,f/ tpd;k &tzGUJ tpnf;twGi;f wm0ef
,lEikd rf ,fah cgif;aqmifrsm;? Edik if w
H umeJY
qufqEH ikd rf ,fo
h rl sm;udk ygwDu arG;xkwf
avhusiahf y;xm;&r,f/ a&G;cs,pf &m Edik f
iHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;? zGUH NzKd ;a&; rl0g'opfawG
udk csjyEdkif&r,f/ Oya'jyKa&;tmPm?
w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPm? tkycf sKyaf &; tm
PmtjyeftvSef xdef;ausmif;EdkifwJh
r@dKio
f ;kH &yfxJ usiv
f nfpmG 0ifqefEY ikd f
r,fh acgif;aqmifavmif;awG ysK;d axmif
xm;&r,f/ &efyaHk iG&mS azGa&; enf;vrf;
awGtwGuf &Sif;vif;jywfom;wJh rl0g'

&Sd&ygr,f/
(14) ygwDwGif; 'Drdkua&pDudkygwD
acgif;aqmifawG udk,fwdkifu vdkufem
taumiftxnfazmf&r,f/ yGiv
hf if;jrif
omrI &S&d r,f/ ygwDt,ltq tmabmf
eJyY wfoufNy;D wpfa,mufwpfayguf jzpf
aejcif;u &efoleJYvlxk&JU txifao;rI
&&Sdapw,f/ ygwD0iftm;vHk; ygwDwGif;
qExw
k af zmf ajymqdck iG &Yf &dS r,f/ wpfO;D
csif;tcGifYta&;? vlenf;pktcGifYta&;?
trsKd;orD;rsm; tcGifYta&;awGudk wef
zdk;xm;&r,f/
(15) 'Dru
kd &ufwpf vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;
awG? ygwDtajccHzUJG pnf;yHak wG? ygwDacgif;
aqmifa&G;cs,frI? EdkifiHtkyfcsKyfEdkifr,fh
acgif;aqmifa&G;cs,rf I enf;vrf;awG cs
rSwfxm;&r,f/ ygwDzGJUpnf;yHkZ,m;eJY
tqifq
h ifh wifajrm ufy?Hk tpD&ifcyH aHk wG
&Sx
d m;&r,f/ ygwDwiG ;f tifpwDusL;&Si;f
qdik &f m azmfaqmifvyk u
f ikd rf jI zifo
h m yk*Kdvf
a&;MoZmxlaxmifo?l zsmcif;ol? a&ay:
pDtacsmiform;awGukd avQmcY sNy;D ? ygwD
&nfrSef;csufyef;wdkifeJY r[mAsL[mawG
azmfaqmifwGufcsufay;r,fY t&nft
csif;jrifh 'Drdku&ufawG arG;xkwfEdkifrSm
jzpfygw,f/
txufyg tcsuaf wG[m ygwDqikd f
&mpmtkyt
f csKUd rS xkwEf w
k w
f ifjycsuaf wG
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09;30

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11;45

VJ's Music

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