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‫معادلة‬

Math Glossary

Absolute value Acute angle Acute triangle Adjacent angles Algebraic expression Alternate exterior angles Alternate interior angles Angle Annually Area Associative Property of Addition Associative Property of Multiplication Average

Chord Circle Circumference Coefficient Commutative Property of Addition Commutative Property of Multiplication Cone Congruent Constant Coordinate plane Corresponding angles Cosine Cube Cube root Cylinder

Base Binominal Central angle

Decimal Denominator Diagonal Diameter Dilation
Distributive Property of Multiplication over Addition

Domain

Absolute value ‫القيمة المطلقة‬
The distance from a point on the number line to zero : Example 4 = |4-| 4 = |4 |

Back

Acute angle ‫زاوية حادة‬
An angle that measures less than a (.right angle (90° :Example

Back

Acute triangle ‫مثلث حاد الزوايا‬ acute angles A triangle that has three :Example

Back

that share a common side, Angles have the same vertex , and do not overlap :Example

.

DBC Back

Algebraic expression ‫تعبير جبري‬
An expression that is written using one variables or more :Examples
3x x - 4 2a + 5 a + b

Back

Alternate exterior angles ‫زوايا متبادلة خارجية‬
A pair of angels on the outer sides of two cut by transversal but on opposite lines sides of the transversal

and

8 and

2 and

7 are alternate exterior angles 1

Back

A pair of angels on the inner sides of two cut by transversal but on opposite lines sides of the transversal

Alternate interior angles ‫زوايا متبادلة خارجية‬

and

6 and

4 and

5 are alternate exterior angles 3

Back

Angle ‫زاوية‬
A geometric figure formed by two that have a common endpoint rays Examples

Back

Annually ً ‫سنويا‬ Once a year

Back

Area ‫مساحة‬
The number of square units needed to cover a given surface Example

The area is 9 square units
Back

Associative Property of Addition ‫الخاصية التجميعية لعملية الجمع‬ The property which states that for all real numbers a, b, and c, their sum is always : the same regardless of their grouping ( a + b( + c = a + )b + c) :Example )4 + 3 ( + 2 = 4 + ) 3 + 2 (

Back

Associative Property of Multiplication ‫الخاصية التجميعية لعملية الضرب‬ The property which states that for all real numbers a, b, and c, their product is always the same regardless of their : grouping ( a . b( . c = a . )b . c) :Example )7. 6( . 5 =7 . )6. 5(

Back

Average ‫متوسط‬
The sum of a set of numbers divided by the number of addends Example 2,3,4,5,5,8 4.5 =6 ÷ )2+3+4+5+5+8 ( The mean is 4.5
Back

A side of a polygon or a face of a solid figure by which the figure is measured or named Examples

Base ‫أساس أو قاعدة‬

A number used as a repeated factor Examples 3 8=8×8×8
The base is 8. It is used as a factor three times

Back

Binominal ‫كثيرة الحدود‬
monomials The sum of two Example 3 5 x+ y

Back

Central angle ‫زاوية مركزية‬
An angle formed by two rays with a common vertex at the center of a circle :Example

Back

Chord ‫وتر الدائرة‬
A line segment with endpoints on a circle Example

Back

A closed curve with all points on the curve an equal distance from a given point called the center of the circle :Example

Circle ‫دائرة‬

Back

Circumference ‫محيط الدائرة‬
circle The distance around a

π C=d
Back

Coefficient ‫معامل‬
The number that is multiplied by the in an algebraic expression variable :Example 5b

Back

Commutative Property of Addition ‫الخاصية البدالية لعملية الجمع‬ The property of addition that allows two or more addends to be added in any order without changing the sum; a + b = b + a :Examples c+4=4+c (4r = 4r + )2 + 5( + 5 + 2 ) Back

Commutative Property of Multiplication ‫الخاصية البدالية لعملية الضرب‬

The property of multiplication that allows two or more factors to be multiplied in any order without changing the product a.b=b.a :Examples c=c.3.3
3 3 y = 5.4.y.5.4

Back

Cone ‫مخروط‬
base A solid figure with a circular vertex and one :Example

Back

Congruent ‫تطابق‬
Having the same size and shape :Example

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Constant ‫ثابت‬
A number that appears without a variable in an algebraic expression or equation :Example

Back

Coordinate plane ‫النظام الحداثي‬
A plane formed by two perpendicular number lines called axes; every point on the plane can be named by an ordered pair .of numbers :Example

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Corresponding angles ‫زوايا متناظرة‬
that are in the same position Angles and are formed by a transversal lines cutting two or more :Example

2 .and 6 are corresponding angles

Back

(Cosine )cos ‫جيب التمام‬
In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side adjacent to an angle hypotenuse to the length of the :Example

Back

Cube ‫مكعب‬
A square prism with six congruent faces square :Example

Back

One of the three equal factors of a number :Example .is the cube root of 27 3 X 3 X 3 = 27 3 3 27 = 3
Back

Cube root ‫جذر تكعيبي‬

Cylinder ‫اسطوانة‬
A solid figure with two parallel, congruent circular bases connected by a curved surface :Example

Back

A number that uses place value and a decimal point to show values less than one, such as tenths and hundredths :Example 3.47
Back

Decimal ‫عدد عشري‬

The number below the bar in a fraction. It tells the total number of .equal parts :Example

Denominator ‫مقام‬

Back

Diagonal ‫قطر‬
A line segment that connects two nonpolygon adjacent vertices of a :Example

Back

Diameter ‫قطر الدائرة‬
A chord that passes through the circle center of a :Example

Back

Dilation ‫تكبير‬
A transformation that enlarges or reduces a figure :Example

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Distributive Property of Multiplication over Addition ‫توزيع الضرب على الجمع‬ The property which states that multiplying a sum by a number gives the same result as multiplying each addend by the number and then adding the products a)b + c( = a X b + a X c :Examples
X

4 + 3 X 5 3( = 5 + 4) 3

Back

Domain ‫المجال‬
The set of the first coordinates of the ordered pairs of a relation; see rang :Example In the relation .{)5,50 (,)4,40 (, )3,30( ,)2,20(} }.the domain is {2, 3, 4, 5

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Edge Equation Equilateral triangle Equivalent fractions Evaluate Even number Exponent Exterior angles

Geometric sequence (Greatest common factor )GCF

Helix Hexagon Horizon line Hundredth Hypotenuse

Face Factorial Flip Formula Fraction Function

Identity Property of One Identity Property of Zero Inequality Integers Interior angles Intersecting lines Irrational number Isosceles triangle

Edge ‫حرف‬
The line segment along which two of a polyhedron intersect faces :Example

Back

A mathematical sentence that uses an equals sign to show that two quantities are equal :Examples x=3+7 y=x+4 7 + 3 = 10
Back

Equation ‫معادلة‬

Equilateral triangle ‫مثلث متطابق الضلع‬
congruent A triangle with three sides and three congruent angles :Example

Back

Equivalent fractions ‫تساوي الكسور‬
that name the same number Fractions Example:

Back

Evaluate ‫اوجد قيمة‬

To find the value :Examples X )5 – 2( =25 X 3 = 75 5
2

Back

A whole number that has or 8 in the ones place, 6, 4, 2, 0 :Examples …,2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16

Even number ‫عدد زوجي‬

Back

The number that indicates how many times the base is used as a factor :Example X2X2=82=2
The exponent is 3, indicating that 2 is used .as a factor three times Back
3

Exponent ‫أُس‬

The angles on the outer sides of transversal two lines cut by a :Example

Exterior angles ‫زوايا خارجية‬

.Angles 1, 2, 7, and 8 are exterior angles

Back

polyhedron A flat surface of a :Example

Face ‫وجه‬

.The cube has 6 faces
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Factorial ‫مضروب‬
The product of all whole numbers, except zero, less than or equal to a number :Example .Read as 5 factorial! 5 X 2 X 3 X 4 X 5 1!= 5
Back

Flip ‫يطوي‬
A move that involves flipping a figure across a line :Example

Back

A rule that is expressed using symbols :Examples The area and the circumference of a circle can be computed by using the :following formulas A =π r
2

Formula ‫صيغة‬

C =π d
Back

Fraction ‫كسر‬
A number that names part of a whole or part of a group :Example

Back

Function ‫دالة‬
A relation in which no two ordered pairs have the same x-value :Example Function {)1,5( ,)2,6( ,)3,7( ,)4,8(} Not a Function {)1,5( ,)1,6( ,)2,7( ,)3,8(} is matched with 5 and 6. 1

Back

Geometric sequence ‫متتابعة هندسية‬
An ordered list of numbers that has a common ratio between consecutive .terms :Example ..… , 2,6,18,54
Back

(Greatest common factor )GCF ‫القاسم المشترك الكبر‬
The largest common factor of two or more given numbers :Example 1,2,3,6,9,18 : 18 1,2,3,5,6,10,15,30 : 30 .the GCF of 18 and 30 is 6 Back

Helix ‫لولبي‬
A spiral-shaped curve in space that goes around an axis :Examples

Back

Hexagon ‫سداسي‬
angles A polygon with 6 sides and 6 :Examples

Back

Horizon line ‫مستقيم افقي‬
A horizontal line that represents the viewer's eye level :Example

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Hundredth ‫واحد من مئة‬
One of one hundred equal parts :Example

Back

Hypotenuse ‫وتر‬
In a right triangle, the side ;right angle opposite the the longest side in a right triangle :Example

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Identity Property of One ‫العنصر المحايد الضربي‬
The property which states that multiplying a number by 1 does not change the number's value :Examples x6=6 a.1=a1
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Identity Property of Zero

‫العنصر المحايد الجمعي‬
The property which states that adding zero to a number does not change the number's value :Examples y+0=y 3=3+0
Back

Inequality ‫متباينة‬
A mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between ,quantities that are not equal using <, >, <, >, or :Examples 9>6 3x > 12 y≤ x+5

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Integers ‫اعداد صحيحة‬
The set of whole numbers and their opposites :Example

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Interior angles ‫زوايا داخلية‬
on the inner sides of two Angles transversal cut by a lines :Example

.Angles 3, 4, 5, and 6 are interior angles
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Intersecting lines ‫مستقيمين متقاطعين‬
point Two lines that cross at exactly one :Example

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Irrational number
‫العدد الصم‬ A number that cannot be expressed as a repeating or terminating decimal :Example

Back

Isosceles triangle ‫مثلث متساوي الساقين‬
A triangle with two congruent sides :Example

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lateral surface (least common denominator )LCD (least common multiple )LCM line line of symmetry line segment linear equation

Order of operations Ordered pair Origin point

Midpoint Monomial

Obtuse angle Octagon Odd number Open figure Opposites

Parallel lines Parallelogram Pentagon Percent Perfect square Perimeter Perpendicular lines (Pi)π Place value Plane Point Point of rotation Polygon Polyhedron Prime number Prism Property of Zero

lateral surface ‫السطح الجانبي‬
The curved surface of a cylinder or a cone :Example

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(least common denominator )LCD

‫القاسم المشترك الصغر‬
The smallest number, other than zero, that is a denominators multiple of two or more

:Example

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(least common multiple )LCM ‫المضاعف المشترك الصغر‬
The smallest number, other than zero, that is a multiple of two or more given numbers :Example ..…,6,12,18,24,30 :6 ..…,9,18,27,36,45 :9 .The LCM of 6 and 9 is 18

Back

line ‫مستقيم‬
A set of points that extends without end in opposite directions :Example

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line of symmetry ‫محور تناظر‬
A line that divides a figure into two congruent parts :Example

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line segment ‫قطعة مستقيمة‬
A part of a line or ray, consisting points of two endpoints and all between those endpoints :Examples

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linear equation ‫معادلة خطية‬
An equation whose graph is line a straight :Example The linear equation for the graph .below is y = 2x + 1

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Midpoint ‫منتصف قطعة مستقيمة‬
The point that divides a line segment into two congruent line segments :Example

is the midpoint of AB

M
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Monomial ‫وحيدة الحد‬
An expression that is a number, a variable, or the product of a number and one or more variables :Examples 3x 7 5yx

Back

Obtuse angle ‫زاوية منفرجة‬
An angle whose measure is greater than 90° and less than 180° Example

Back

octagon ‫شكل مثمن‬
angles A polygon with 8 sides and 8 :Examples

Back

Odd number ‫عدد فردي‬

A whole number that has 1, 3, 5, 7, or 9 in the ones place :Examples . . . ,1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17

Back

open figure ‫منحنى مفتوح‬
A shape that does not begin and point end at the same :Examples

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Opposites ‫معكوس‬
Numbers that are the same distance from zero, but in opposite directions from zero :Example These pairs of numbers are opposites .on the number line and -1 3 and -3 7 and -7 1

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Order of operations ‫ترتيب العمليات‬
The correct order in which the operations are done within an expression Do the operations inside parentheses-1 .or above and below a fraction bar .Find the value of any numbers in exponent form- 2 . Multiply and divide from left to right- 3 . Add and subtract from left to right- 4 :Example
3

=X 2 – 4( 8 + 2 ÷ )10 3 = X 2 – 4 10 ÷ 10 = X 8 – 4 10 ÷ 10 =4–8 =4

Add inside parentheses Clear exponent Divide and multiply Subtract

Back

Ordered pair ‫زوج مرتب‬
A pair of numbers used to locate coordinate plane a point on a :Example represents 3 spaces to the right of zero(3,2 ) .and 2 spaces up

Back

Origin point ‫نقطة الصل‬
coordinate plane The point on the where the x-axis and the y-axis (intersect, )0,0 :Example

Back

Parallel lines ‫مستقيمين متوازيين‬
that never cross and are always Lines the same distance apart :Example

Back

Parallelogram ‫متوازي أضلع‬
A quadrilateral with 2 pairs of parallel sides, 2 pairs of equal angles, and 2 pairs of equal sides :Examples

Back

Pentagon ‫خماسي‬
angles A polygon with 5 sides and 5 :Examples

Back

Percent ‫نسبة مئوية‬
The ratio of a number to 100; percent ".means "per hundred :Example

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Perfect square ‫مربع كامل‬
A number that has an integer as square root its :Example .is a perfect square 16

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Perimeter ‫محيط‬
The distance around a figure :Example

2cm + 3 cm + 3 cm = 8 cm The perimeter of this figure is 8 .centimeters
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Perpendicular lines ‫مستقيمين متعامدين‬
that intersect to form 90° Lines right angles or, angles :Example

.Read: Line RS is perpendicular to line MN

Back

(Pi)π ) ‫باي( ط‬
The ratio of the circumference of a ; diameter circle to the length of its

Back

place value ‫القيمة المكانية‬
The value of a digit as determined by its position in a number Example

Back

Plane ‫مستوى‬
A flat surface that goes on forever in all directions Example

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Point ‫نقطة‬
An exact location Example A. point A

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Point of rotation ‫نقطة دوران‬
The point about which a rotation is centered :Example

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Polygon ‫مضلع‬
A closed plane figure formed by three line segments or more :Examples

Back

Polyhedron ‫متعدد السطوح‬
A solid figure with flat faces that are polygons :Examples

Back

Prime number ‫عدد أولي‬
A whole number greater than 1 and whose only factors are itself and 1 :Examples factors are 17 and 1 17 factors are 29 and 1 29
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Prism ‫منشور‬
A solid figure whose bases are congruent, parallel polygons and parallelograms whose other faces are :Examples

rectangular prism

triangular prism

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Property of Zero ‫خاصية الضرب في الصفر‬
The property which states that the product of 0 and any number is 0 :Examples X0=08 Xa=00
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Ray Rectangle Rectangular prism Reflection Remainder Radius Regular polygon Relation Rhombus Right angle Right triangle

Scalene triangle Sequence Similar figures Simplest form (Sine (sin Slant height Slide Slope Solid figure Solution Sphere Square Square root Straight angle Supplementary angles Surface area Symmetry

One of the four regions of the coordinate plan :Example

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polygon A four-sided :Examples

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Quadratic function ‫دالة من الدرجة الثانية‬
A function of the form y = nx is a quadratic function
2

Back

Quarter ‫ربع‬

Dirham 25

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Quotient ‫خارج القسمة‬
The answer in a division problem :Example

.The quotient is 7
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Ray ‫شعاع‬
A part of a line that begins at one endpoint and extends forever in only one direction :Example
G F

Ray GF
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Rectangle
‫منطقة مستطيلة‬ A plane figure with 4 side and right angles 4 :Example

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Rectangular prism
“‫شبه مكعب ” متوازي مستطيلت‬

faces A solid figure in which all six rectangles are :Example

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Reflection ‫انعكاس‬
The result of a figure flipped over a line :Example

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Remainder ‫باقي القسمة‬
The number that is left over after dividing :Example

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A line segment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle :Example

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Regular polygon ‫مضلع منتظم‬
A polygon in which all sides and all angles are congruent :Example

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Relation ‫علقة‬
A set of ordered pairs Example: {)5,1(,)10,2(,)15,3(,)20,4(,)25,5(}

Back

Rhombus ‫معين‬
A parallelogram whose four sides are congruent and whose opposite angles are congruent :Example

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Right angle ‫زاوية قائمة‬
An angle that forms a square corner and measures 90° :Example

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Right triangle ‫مثلث قائم الزاوية‬
right angle A triangle with exactly one :Examples

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Rotation ‫دوران‬
A type of transformation, or movement, that results when a geometric figure is turned about a point fixed :Example

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Rotational symmetry ‫تناظر حول نقطة‬
A figure has rotational symmetry when it can be rotated less than 360° around a central point, or point of rotation and still match the original figure :Example

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Scalene triangle ‫مثلث مختلف الضلع‬
A triangle with no congruent sides :Example

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Sequence ‫متسلسلة‬
An ordered list of numbers :Example . . .,5,7,9,11,13
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Similar figures

‫التشابة‬
Figures that have the same shape but may not have the same size :Example

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A fraction is in simplest form when the numerator and denominator have no .common factors other than 1 :Examples

Simplest form ‫أبسط صورة‬

The form of an expression when all like terms are combined :Example 4x + 3x + 2 = 7x + 2 simplest form

Back

(Sine )sin ‫جيب الزاوية‬
In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle hypotenuse to the length of the

Back

Slant height ‫ارتفاع الميل‬
The distance from the base of a cone to its vertex, measured along the lateral surface :Example

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Slide ‫انسحاب‬
A movement of a figure to a new position without turning or flipping it :Example

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Slope ‫ميل‬
The measure of the steepness of a line; the ratio of vertical change to horizontal change :Example

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Solid figure ‫مجسم‬
A three-dimensional figure :Examples
Sphere cube

Cylinder

rectangular prism

Cone

square pyramid

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x – 4 = 16 x – 4 + 4 = 16 + 4 x = 20 20is the solution.

The value or values that make an equation an inequality, or system of equations true :Examples

Solution ‫حل‬

x + 3 > 9 x + 3 – 3 > 9 – 3 x > 6 Any number greater . than 6 is a solution

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Sphere ‫كرة‬
A solid figure with all points the same distance from the center :Example

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A rectangle with 4 congruent sides :Example

Square ‫مربع‬

-------------------------------------------------The product of a number and itself :Example
is the square of 5 because 25 .X 5 = 25 5
2

.X 5 = 5 Read as 5 squared 5

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One of the two equal factors of a number :Example is the square root of 36 because 6 .36 = 6
Back
2

Square root ‫جذر تربيعي‬

An angle whose measure is 180° :Example
.ABC is a straight angle

Straight angle ‫زاوية مستقيمة‬

Back

Supplementary angles ‫زاويتين متكاملتين‬ Two angles whose measures have a sum of 180° :Example

m ABD + m DBC = 124° + 56° = 180° Back

The sum of the areas of all the faces solid figure , or surfaces, of a :Example
Area Area Area Area Area Area of of of of of of face face face face face face A B C D E F = = = = = = 11 21 21 21 21 11 X X X X X X 5 = 55 11 = 231 5 = 105 11 = 231 5 = 105 5 = 55

Surface area ‫المساحة الكلية‬

782=55+231+105+231+105+55 .So, the surface area is 782 in2

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Symmetry ‫تناظر‬
When one half of a figure looks like the mirror image of the other half :Example

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(Tangent (tan Tenth Transformation Trapezoid Triangle Transversal Trigonometric ratios

Y-axis Y-coordinate

Variable Venn diagram Vertex Volume

X-axis X-coordinate

In a right triangle, the ratio of the length of the side opposite an angle to the length of the side adjacent to the angle

(Tangent (tan ) ‫دالة الظل (ظا‬

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Tenth ‫عشر‬ ُ
One of ten equal parts Example:

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Transformation ‫تحويل هندسي‬
The movement of a figure, either a translation, rotation, or reflection :Examples

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A quadrilateral with only one pair of parallel sides :Example

Trapezoid ‫شبه منحرف‬

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Triangle ‫مثلث‬
angles A polygon with 3 sides and 3 :Examples

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Transversal ‫قاطع‬
A line that intersects two or more lines :Example

.Line AB is a transversal

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Ratios which compare the lengths of the sides of a right triangle; the common .ratios are tangent, sine, and cosine :Example

Trigonometric ratios ‫نسب مثلثية‬

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A letter used to represent one or more numbers in an expression, equation, or inequality :Examples 5a 2x = 8 3y + 4 10

Variable ‫متغير‬

.a, x, and y are variables Back

Venn diagram ‫أشكال فن‬
A diagram that is used to show relationships between sets :Example

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A point where two or more rays meet, where sides of a polygon meet, or where edges of a polyhedron meet; the top point ,of a cone or pyramid; in a network a point that represents an object :Examples

Vertex ‫رأس‬

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The measure of the space a solid figure occupies :Example

Volume ‫حجم‬

.The volume of this figure is 24 cubes

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X-axis
‫محور السينات‬ The horizontal axis on the coordinate plane :Example

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X-coordinate ‫الحداثي السيني‬
ordered pair The first number in an :Example )4,6( .is the x-coordinate 4
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Y-axis
‫محور الصادات‬ The vertical axis on the coordinate plane :Example

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;ordered pair The second number in an tells whether to move up or down along the coordinate plane y-axis of the :Example )3,2( .is the y-coordinate 2

Y-coordinate ‫الحداثي الصادي‬

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