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LIFE ENERGIES IN DAILY

SPIRITUAL

THE

MACMILLAN

COMPANY

NEW

YORK
"

BOSTON
"

CHICAGO
"

DALLAS

ATLANTA
"

SAN

FRANCISCO

MACMILLAN

"

CO.,

Limited

LONDON
"

BOMBAY
"

CALCUTTA

MELBOURNE

THE

MACMILLAN

CO.

OF

CANADA,

Ltd.

TORONTO

SPIRITUAL
IN

ENERGIES DAILY
LIFE

BY

RUFUS
Professor Author
of

M.
of

JONES,
Philosophy
in
in

Litt.D.,
Haverford The
Inner

D.D,

College Life;

Studies The

Mystical Religion;
World

Within,

etc.

Iftew THE MACMILLAN

I"orfe
COMPANY
1922

All

rights

reserved

Tg

Copyright,
By THE

1922,
COMPANY

MACMILLAN

Set

up

and

eleetrotyped.

Published

September,

1922

PRINTED

IN

THE

UNITED

STATES

OF

AMERICA

PREFACE

wish

to

thank his

the

editor
to

of

The

Atlantic volume

Monthly
the of

for

permission
"

print in this

chapter
God,"
for also

entitled the

The
of

Mystic's
The
to
use

Experience
ligion of Rearticle Some in
on

editors

Journal the

their

permission
the

11

Psychology
shorter

and
essays

Spiritual
have been
The

Life."

of
The

the

printed
Homiletic for

(London)
Kind

Friend

and has

in been

Review. their
production. re-

permission

granted

498377

INTRODUCTION

RELIGION

AS

ENERGY

Religion

is One

an

experience
with what

which

no

definition
of
as

exhausts.

writer tells
us

expert
it is, and

knowledge
we

anthropology
we

know

read

his
as

account

that, however
it yet leaves

true

it may

be much

as

far

it goes,

untouched
turn next
"

undiscovered
trained

territory.
who
our

We

to

the the

psychologist,
ways
race

leads
own

us
"

down

labyrinthine
why
and the
human

of

mind been

and

tells

us

has

always
We
are

seeking
for the
doors he

God his

worshiping
thread feel
not

Him. which

thankful
within
are

Ariadne
but he
we

guides
that
"

us

maze,

convinced

there
to

which
had
no

has

opened

"

doors

which

key."
without

The
"

theologian,
ifs and
and have
"

with offers

great
us

assurance

and
to

buts,"

the all

answer

all but
to

mysteries
when
the
we

the
gone

solution
"

of the
we

problems,
all the
"

up

hill find
we

way

very
"
"

top

with

him,
"

it

homesick wonder

peak
over

Heimwehfluh
real

and of

still

the

meaning

religion.
here

We

are

evidently dealing
vii

with

something

viii

INTRODUCTION

like that tried horn


the
meant to

drinking horn
drain.
he
ocean,

which failed
to

the Norse
to

God

Thor the into

He

do

it because debouched

which endless

assayed
and
ocean means
one

empty
to

therefore

drain

the horn

drinking the
to
man

dry.

To

probe religion
"

down and
and

the bottom is." Each of his his


never
"

knowing
of us, field of in his

what

God tongue

own

in

terms

own

knowledge, gives
of

his
the
more

partialword,
returns to
are

tiny glimpse
all in. is

insight.
is

But

There

always
he

say.

Man

that incurablyreligious,"

fine scholar,

Auguste
and

Sabatier, said.

Yes,
we

is.

It is often wild
no

erratic

religionwhich

find,

doubt, but the hunger and


are an

thirst of the human In different forms of


on

soul of

indubitable
we

fact. with

speech
"

can

all say hast

St.
me

Augustine
and
I
am

Hippo:
fire for In

Thou

touched

thy peace."
that

saying
heart.

religion is
of this great

energy

am

only
the

seizingone
human

aspect

experience of
I believe, an

It is,however, A

tial essen-

aspect.
to
a

religion that

makes

no

difference

person's life,a religion that


is

does

nothing,
may

religionthat
all
not

utterlydevoid
be

of power,
as

for

practical purposes
exist. the The inside

treated
"

though it did
who
know

great
what

experts

those
"

from

religion is

always make

INTRODUCTION

ix

much

of its

dynamic

power,

its
a

energizing and
often
on

pulsive pro-

power.

Power

is

word

the

lips

of of and
and

Jesus; never
extrinsic
govern,

used, it should

be said, in the

sense

authority
but

or

the

right

to
an

command intrinsic of
not

always
and God
is
sweep

in reference

to

interior

moral of

spiritual energy
with
power,
ten

life.
cause be-

The

kingdom
the

comes

Messiah
can

supplied with
the Roman

legions
"

of
to

angels and
the frontiers
"

eagles back
comes

of the

Holy Land, but it


it is
a

with

power

because

divine

and

forming life-transand

energy,
nature

working in the moral


as

ual spirit-

of man,
or

in the into

flour

as

the

expanding yeast works forces of life push the seed


the
on

germinationand the maturity toward


grain.
The who

into the successive


the

stages

of

full-grown plant and

little fellowshipof followers formed


the
"

and

witnesses Church the

nucleus endued

of the with
new

new-born
"

felt themselves of
Pentecost.

power

on

day
tered en-

Something
of

and

dynamic
band
was
an

the left them

consciousness
no

the

feeble There

and in-

longer feeble.
sense

rushing, up-welling passed


an

of

invasion. and

They
to to

over

from and

visible Leader

Master

invisible
as
an

inward
energy.

Presence

revealed
utterance,

them

unwonted

Ecstatic

INTRODUCTION
to

which

seems

have
The

followed,

is

not

the

portant all-im-

thing.
moral
and the

important

ened thing is heightfused


in

intensified fellowship,a quality,

undying
face of

loyalty,an
and

irresistible

boldness

danger

opposition, a fortification
could break. This
what
energy

of

which spirit
came as

nothing
their

which the

with
an

experience is

marks

event

epoch.
as

St. Paul

writes
"

though

he

were

an

expert word

in

dynamics.
power,

Dynamos,"
of his favorite how draw

the

Greek
He

for
to

is found

one

words.
upon

seems

have

out

to

energies in suspected
feature

the

universe
even

which
It

nobody
is
a

else

had

were

there.

fundamental God is not

of

his but
as

"Aegean

gospel" that
and

self-contained does
an

that He self-giving,
does

circulates, as
into calls
"

the

sun,

the

sea,

comes

us

as

energy.
"

This The

incoming Spirit,"
Christ,"
us."
"
"

energy

he

by
"

many
"

names:

holy Spirit,"
Christ in his word
he
as

Christ,"
God
term

the

Spiritof
in

you,"

that

worketh

Whatever

or

is,he is always
on

declaring, and
that God,
energy

bases

his

testimony
Him,

ence, experian

Christ
us

reveals and in
us

is

active

working with
of

for the

complete
and

transformation for
a new

our

fundamental

nature

creation

in

us.

All

this

perhaps

sounds

too

grand

and

lofty,

INTRODUCTION
too

xi

remote
assume

and

far away, it is for

to

touch
or

us

with reality.

We
not

that
common

saints

apostles,but
like ourselves. The
accounts

for

every-day people
we
are

Well,
which
are

that St. for

is where Paul his

wrong.

gives of the energies of religion


own

not
ne

sake,

or

for persons
are

who for

are

bien

and

naturally saintly. They


In

the

rank

and

file of humans.
was

fact his Corinthian

fellowship
the lowest he
uses

raised of

by

these

energies
words
not

out

of

stratum

society. The
are

which
over

to
"

describe
Be
not
nor

them

probably
neither
nor

strong:
nor

deceived:

fornicators,
nor

idolaters,

adulterers,
with

effeminate,
nor

abusers
nor

of themselves
nor

mankind,
nor

thieves,
tortioners ex-

covetous,

drunkards,

revilers,nor
of God.

shall inherit the kingdom


such
ye
are were some

And but

of

you:

but
are

ye

are

washed,
the

sanctified,but ye
of
*

in justified

name

[i.e.the power]
of Spirit It is
not
our

the

Lord

Jesus and

by the

God." be

to

noticed, further, that


list of which
us

St. Paul those from Much

does

confine

his

energies
come

to

mighty
above
more

spiritualforces
and often
are
1

down

work
our

upon

from

the outside.
to
"

attention

is directed

energies which
even

within potential
1

ourselves

in the most

Cor.

VI.

9-".

xii

INTRODUCTION

ordinary
as

of

us

"

energies which
"

work

as

silently

molecular

forces but
the

or

as

the

capillaryoozing
are

of

water,"
as

which forces

nevertheless of
the

as

structive recon-

springtime, following
grace

the

winter's

havoc.

If

of

God

"

the in

unlimited Christ
energy
"

sacrificinglove
is for of
the

of the

God
supreme

revealed

St.

Paul

spiritual

universe, hardly less important is


energy makes

the

simple human
energy

which
it

meets

that

fugal centrithe

and

operate

within

sphere of the moral

will.

That
to

dynamic

energy,

by
and

which which

the

man

responds
all the

God's

upward

pull
calls

makes

difference, St. Paul

faith. We in
the
a are so

accustomed
sense

to
we are

the

use

of
to

the

word

spurious
immense lies

that

slow this
us.

apprehend
energy

significanceof

human

which trained
are

potentiallywithin
folks
to
on

Unfortunately
ple peo-

young

and
away

minded scientifically from the word and

apt

shy
the

put
were

themselves about dubious


in which
to

defensive, as
to

though they impossible


in the
or

be
or

asked the

believe

the

the

unprovable.
uses

Faith
not
mean

sense

St. Paul It is
the

it does moral of

believing
response

something.
of will
to

attitude God
as

and
He

character

has

been closes

revealed

in Christ.

It is like the

act

which

INTRODUCTION the electric


The best

xiii

circuit, which

act

at

once

releases the

power.
act

dynamic
So,

effect which of
as

follows
the
a

is the of

verification possible
too,

ality rationsponse rean

the is
no

act.

faith wild

moral
it is

blind
be

leap, no
and
are

venture;

act

which

can

tested

verified
as

by moral
as

and

spiritualeffects, which light,and


Faith in many
horse has
come

real

the

heat,

power
to

of the
be

dynamo.
as an

recognized
We
know

energy
a

spheres of life.
it is in the

what

bilizer sta-

sphere of finance.
shift their is values

Stocks
as

and in

bonds
them

and rises faith.


or

banks falls. Our


our

faith
name

Morale

only another

for

human

relationships, our
one

social
our

structures,

enjoyment of
and

another,
rest

isfaction sat-

in books

in lectures

upon

faith
most
to

and

when

that
sort

energy

fails, collapses of the


We

serious build
a

follow. without

might
cohesion of

as

well
to

try

world

as

maintain

societywithout
We
have

the energy

faith.
of

many

illustrations

the

important
of

part

which
The

faith

plays body

in the

sphere
the

physical
and the The

health. molecules tension

corpuscles of
the
are

blood

of of the

altered the

by it.

arteries
are

and

of the efficiency Nerves It is


are

digestivetract
close

affected

by

it.

in

sympathetic rapport

with

faith.

never

xiv

INTRODUCTION
to

safe
he

tell

strong If
a

man
or

that he
three

is

pale

and

that

looks

ill.

two

persons

in

sion succes-

give him
he

account pessimistic

of his appearance, the condition McDou-

will been

soon

begin

to

have

which

has

imagined.
case

Dr. who

William
was

gall gives the by


a

of

boy
fence

being chased impulse of the


he

furious
he

animal

and
a

under

the

emergency

leaped
even

which

could

never

afterwards The
one. as

jump,
list of

after

ing. long athletic trainis


as
a

similar knows

instances
a

very

long

Every
the
one
"

reader

case

impressive
of
"

I have
have

given.

The

varieties of

shell-

shock of the health

furnished

volumes

illustrations
upon

energy

of faith, its

dynamic

influence

and

life and

efficiency.
the

Faith

in the

sphere of religionworks
life that
out
are ever

est greatIt sionary mis-

miracles
makes

of

worked.
the

the saint and

of

Magdalene,
out

heroic

martyr
of
the the

of
out

Paul, the
of of
new

spiritual
of

statesman

ages

Carthaginian
men

Augustine,
Francis
out

illuminated

leader of
a

out

of Assisi, the maker


the

world

epoch
the of

of

nervously
a
new

unstable of

monk

Luther,

creator

of

type

spiritualsocietyout
weaver,

the

untaught Leicestershire
do the
we

George

Fox.
and

Why
find

not

all

experience the miracle through


faith?

rest

of ourselves

The

INTRODUCTION

xv

main

trouble

is that

we

live victims intellectual outflow system

of

limiting
which of

inhibitions.

We
or

hold
the nice

theories

keep
faith.
accounts

back

check have
a

of the of

energy

We for

thought which

everything and
no

explains everything
We know
the

and
too

which
much.

leaves We

place for faith.


to

say

ourselves
are

that

only

ignorant and
this
same

uncultured
man,

led is
too

by

faith.
to
a

And have

wise

who

proud
on

faith, holds
of faith!

all his

inhibitory theories
of them
starts out

basis

Every

one

on

faith,
a

gathers standing ground by faith, and controlling force


There of which
in the
are

becomes

through faith
other dealt

many

spiritual energies, some


or itly implicspecifically

will be

with

later chapters of this book. world


more

Not

often

in the

history of the modern


seemed

have certainly

spiritualenergies
than

urgently needed
consist and

to-day.
to

Our

troubles

largely now
that

of failure that
are

lay hold of moral


at
our

forces spiritual

lie

near

hand
easy

and reach. has


run

to

utilize powers
Our stock

within

of

faith

and

hope

and

love

low

and

we

realize
can

only feebly what


I

mighty energies they


short
essays may

be.
some

hope

that
to
men

these

help in
that
the

slight way by which

indicate

that

the

ancient

realities invisi-

live still abide, and

xvi

INTRODUCTION

ble

energies of the spiritare


real. that
a

real,
had

as

they

have

always been
demonstration force
and

We

have

an

impressive
on

civilization built

external ments achieveis unable and


a

measured stand
the
we

in terms

of economic

cannot to

its

ground
of persons
are
a

and

speak

to
as

condition
are.

endowed
to

equipped

We
create

bound greater
or we

build

to higher civilization, to
"

culture, and
must

form Mene" task

truer
on

kingdom
all human and it is

of life

write

undertakings.
a

That

is

our
we

now,

serious

one

for which
the universe when
over

shall need
at
our

all the

energies that
I
was am

puts great East


an

disposal.

told

that built

the the
upon

Hellgate bridge
River in New York derelict

being

the

engineers

came

old

ship, lying embedded


one

in the

river the

mud,

just where
was

of down

the

central
to

piers of
found

bridge

to

go

through
could

its bedrock
that

foundation.
was

No
start

tug

boat

be

able
ooze. was

to

the derelict from


not

its ancient
no a

bed what

in the

It would

move,

matter

force

applied.
one

Finally,with
hit upon had he
was

sudden

spirati in-

of the workers

this scheme. been used it


to to

He

took

which large flat-boat,


down

bring

stone

the

river, and
the tide

chained
low. do

the old sunken he waited

ship when

Then their

for the great

tidal

energiesto

CONTENTS
PAGE

Introduction:

Religion

as

Energy
.

vii

CHAPTER
THE

I
PEACE

CENTRAL

I. II. III.

Peace The What

That Search We

Passes
for
a

Understanding
.

Refuge
...

5
io
. .

Want

Most
. .

CHAPTER
THE GREAT ENERGIES

II
THAT
WORK

I. II. III.

Trying He Some Came

the

Better
to

Way
. . .

15
23

Himself

New

Reasons

for

"Loving

mies" Ene29

CHAPTER
the
power that worketh

III

in

us

I. II. III.

Where

the

Beyond
by an

Breaks Inner
of

Through
.

35
41

Conquering
Living
in the

Force
. .

Presence

the

Eternal

46

CHAPTER
THE way of

IV
vision

I. II. III.

Days

of

Greater
and

Visibility
...

50
.

The A Long

Prophet

His

Tragedies
.

54

Distance

Call
....

60

six

xx

CONTENTS

CHAPTER
THE WAY OF

V
PERSONALITY
PAGE

I.

Another The The


Better

Kind

of

Hero
.... ....

65 69
Life
. .

II. III.

Possession Rivalries
of

Greatest

74

CHAPTER
AGENCIES
OF

VI
CONSTRUCTION

I. II. III. IV.

The The The The

Church
Nursery Democracy

of of

the

Living

God
. .

79

Spiritual
We Aim
of

Life
. .

83

At
. .

.86
91

Essential

Truth

Christianity

CHAPTER
THE NEAR AND

VII
THE FAR

I. II. III.

Things Two We

Present

and

Things
.

to

Come
.

98

Types Have

of

Ministry
. .

.102

Seen

His

Star
....

106

CHAPTER
THE

VIII
MYSTERY

LIGHT-FRINGED

I. II.

The The

Religious

Significance
out of the

of

Death
.

hi

New

Born

Old
.

127

CHAPTER
the

IX
experience
of god
.

mystic's

133

CHAPTER
psychology
and
the

X
spiritual life
.

160

SPIRITUAL
DAILY

ENERGIES LIFE

IN

CHAPTER

THE

CENTRAL

PEACE

PEACE

THAT

PASSES

UNDERSTANDING

We into
or

are

all familiar life


we

with

the

coming
some

of

peace

our

at

the

terminus weathered

of
a

great

strain crisis.
our

after
a

have

staggering
has
us

When
nerves

long-continued
passes
away

pain which
leaves of
peace.

racked
we

and
zone

free,
When
a

denly sudhave

come

into

we

been

watching

by
to

bedside
has
at out

where in
the

life, unspeakably

precious
terrible the disease
we

us,

lain

grip

of

some

and walk feel whole been

length
into
peace

successfully
the fields down under

passes

crisis,

the
us,

altered which

sky and
makes
we

settle
look
some

upon

the
have

world

different.

Or,

again,

facing

threatening
to

catastrophe

which

seemed

likely

break

in

on

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

our even

life and
tenor

perhaps
it,and
darkest
turn

end

forever
the
was

the

calm

and

of

just when
our

hour
at

of danger

seemed
some

and of

fear

its
a

height,
happy
a

sudden

things has brought


instead
cases

shift of events,
peace

the
over

danger has passed, and


us

great

has

come

of the threatened
peace
a

trouble.

In

all these strain

the

which

ceeds suc-

pain
in normal

and

and
peace,

anxiety is
a

thoroughly
comes

natural, reasonable
sequence

peace

which

and

understanding.
should need of
was
a an

We

quite accessible to should be surprised


is
we

the and stance inthat of lost and


case

explanation if
or a

heard

of

an

passing pain by
has
a

strain yielding
sense was

not

followed
One

corresponding
a

peace.

who

seen

child

that

in

crowded

city suddenly
her dear
arms

find his mother has


seen a

find of

safety in
this

good
which

sequentialpeace,
can

this and

peace

the We

understanding
behold There
peace

grasp

comprehend.
another kind

it and

say,

"How

otherwise!"
us,

is, St. Paul


of

reminds

of

quite
which

different

order. its

It baffles the

understanding
is
a

and

transcends
not

categories. pain
is

It
lieved, re-

peace
not

comes,

after the

after

the

crisis has

passed, not
and

after of in

the

danger has

disappeared; but
the

in the midst
even

the

pain, while

crisis is still on,

THE

CENTRAL

PEACE

the
peace

imminent that is

presence
not

of

the
or

danger.

It

is

banished beset
our

destroyed by

the

frustrations and
upon

which

lives; rather
that
to
we use

it is in
come

through the frustrations


it and
enter
a

first

into

it, as,

St. Paul's
our

phrase, into
and minds.

garrison which
soul All has
us

guards
its

hearts

Each

tested

to

meet

own
"

peculiar
"

frustrations.
or

of

who

work

for moral

causes or

who

take

up

any

great
world

piece of
know

itual spirfeats deabout


to

service and
success

in the

more

about do learn

disappointments triumphs.
We

than have

we

and and

to

be

patient
accustomed sometimes

long-suffering.We
to

must

become and

postponements
see

and of Some almost


turn

delays,
a

we

the

work

lifetime
events

suddenly
upsets all

fail of
our

its end.

of

noble it

plans

and

frustrates

the

sult, re-

just
Death

when

appeared

ready
a

to

arrive. that

falls like
before

lightning on
is

home and altered


can

had

always
and who

seemed

sheltered

protected,
for those
up

life instantly
are

profoundly Nothing
substitute

left behind. There is


no

make

for

the loss. The


accounts

for what

is gone. in
other an-

will

not

balance; frustration
us.

form of

confronts

Or

it may
powers,

be
or

down break-

physical or

mental

perad-

SPIRITUAL both world


range

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

venture

together, just when


called of for added from
us.

the

emergencies

of

the

energy

and need

crease inis

power

The

plain, the
fails and

harvest he
must

is

ripe, but the worker's


when him
a

hand
most

contract

he

would

expand.
face.

Frustration
to

looks

straight in
under which is
not

the

Well,

achieve
to

peace peace

those
not

circumstances follow world


of
a

is

have
sequence.

does what

normal

It

the

expects.
and It

It does

not

accord

with

the ways all understanding.

thought

reasoning.
another
a

It passes kind of of

brings
reveals

world

into

operation and
upon

play

invisible forces
not

which

the

understanding had
of
storm

reckoned.

In

fact, this strange


midst
surest
own

intellect-transcending peace,
and there strain and

in the very
one

trial,is
One in

of the in his

evidences humble

is of God. succeed
can

may

nerve-power

acquiringa stoic resignation so


"

that he

say,

In the fell clutch I have Under the head


not

of circumstance
nor

winced

cried

aloud.

bludgeonings
is

of chance unbowed."

My

bloody, but
of

He

may,

by
his that

sheer

force

will, keep down


go
on
so

the
moved un-

lid upon

emotions
his

and
can

nearly
groan

fellows

hear

no

and

SPIRITUAL I
not

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

But

am

concerned

here and

with

these I
am

material ing think-

strongholds of refuge
rather
other

defense.

of the human than

search those
one

for shelter kill the

against
body.
to

weapons
are

which
way
"

We

all how

trying,in
to

or

another,

cover dis-

escape

from

the

heavy

and

weary

weight of
bear We the
are

all this

world," unintelligible
arrows

how

to

slingsand

of outrageous with

fortune.
nerves
posed ex-

constructed, sensitively
to

easy
to

attack. the
storms

We

are

all shelterless the world.

at

some

point
most

of

Even

the

perfectly equipped
prove
to

and
at
our some

impervious
one

heroes

be

vulnerable
or

covered un-

spot.

Sooner

later of
our

protections happiness get


quick and
rebuild
our our

fail,and

the the

enemies pitiless defenses within and


us.

through
sensitive

reach How

the
to

soul
to

refuge, how
What
from The fear
most

find real is there trouble?

shelter,is
in which

problem.
soul is safe

fortress and

the

common

expedient is
nerves

one

which
an

will
easy

drug the
relief from in alcohol Aladdin's
the

sensitive strain and

and
worry.

produce
There is

and

magic
for

kindred
a

distillations, which, like

genie, builds
banishes
seems

palace
enemy

of

joy and,
of fear

moment,

the

all peace. is gone.

The

refuge

complete.

All

THE

CENTRAL the

PEACE

worry

is

thing of

past.

The of

jargon good

of life evil

is

over, out

the

pitiless problem
and

and

drops
seems
one

of consciousness.

The

shelterless soul
is

covered of the
many

housed.

Intoxication
It is

only

quick expedients.
from the of the many The

always

possible to
battle into
as a

retreat
some
one

edge of
natural

strenuous

instincts
tions emo-

way
are

of

refuge.
They
and

great
tend the
to

instinctive

absorbing, and
occupy

obliterate everything
stage
away

else. inner the the and

entire
actors
so seem

of

the

drama,

push

all other

from
too,

footlightsof consciousness,
enemies the of
peace appears

that

here,

and
to

joy
be

vanquished,
of defense obvious.

refuge

found.
easy ways
too

That

multitudes

accept

these

against the
The

ills of life is who few


are rare

only

medieval
of

barons
were

could in

build number.

themselves
Visible but the

castles

safety
case

refuges
escape

in any

and

scarce,

from and

the burdens

and

defeats

of the world
tion emoman

in drink

drug and
much reach

instinctive thrilling
to

is,without
and
many

difficulty, open
for rich and

every

within there

easy

poor

alike,and
The

be that seize upon it is that it is

this method.
a

trouble

with

very
a

temporary brief span. who


resort

refuge.
It

It works,

if

at

all,only for
with

plays havoc

in the future

those

8
to

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

it.

It rolls up
escape.

new

liabilities far
too

to

the

ills
a

one

would for the

It involves

great
most

price

tiny respitegained.
or

And,
with We
very

of all,it inherent fashioned of failure infinite in

discounts

fails

to

reckon soul. Our


a

the
are

greatness
for and
our

of the human issues. from look is not, finite for


so

stupendous
defeat
comes

sense

touch

of

the

being.

We

before

and

after, and
we
can

sigh
be

for that contented We


are

which
with
meant

just because

not

fragments of time and


greater
often

space.

things than
our

these and
to

trivial
absorb

ones

which but the


goes

get
the

attention
comes

us;

moment

soul
grasp,

self, it-

its reach
an

beyond the
and To

and

it feels for that

indescribable
which in it
some was

discontent
made.

longing
still the

for

seek
to

fore, refuge, thereonward

narcotic the soul of

joy,

yearning
to

of the

by drowning consciousness, pursuit by


it
cannot
a

banish

pain
to

barbaric noblest

surge

of emotions, is

strike

against the
means

trait

of

our

spiritual structure;
of the soul. It

committing
a

suicide
way

be

real

man's

of relief. In

fact, nothing short


which the
ever

of

findingthe goal beings


like

and in St.

object for
us,

nature soul, the spiritual

is fitted will

do

for

us.

Augustine, in words

of immortal

beauty, has said

THE

CENTRAL

PEACE

9
our

that
are

God

has made
we

us

for
rest

himself, and
in him.

hearts
a

restless until of poet


or

It is
a

not

ory the-

theologian.
as

It is

simple
soul,
us

fact of food. other God.


ing know-

life,as veritable
There is
or no

the human shelter will


we
ever

necessityfor
the
no

other fortress and


are

for

refuge
"

do We

for

but

We

tremble that
we

burn. him.

tremble,

unlike

We

burn, feeling

that

we

are

like him." of loss and


us,
we are

In hours
props

sorrow,
more

when apt
to

the find

spurious
our

fail
to

way

back
aware our

the

real

refuge.
Our

We

are

suddenly
and

made in
our

of
own

our

shelterless

condition, alone,
stoic become back of
on armor

and

strength.
defenses We
are

brave

of

pride

quate. utterly inade-

thrown
moments
we

reality.

We

have

then feel

our

and sincerity without We

insight.
resources

We
from God.

that

cannot
own

live domain.
one

beyond

our

must

have

It is then, when

knows

that

nothing

else whatever made. this. last and


worst,

will do, that and the

the the

great

discovery is
announce

Again
When

again
has

psalms

world
been of the
"

caved

in; when

the

extremity has
waterspouts
you

reached; when
fortune have

the billows done voice their

hear

calm, heroic
God is
our

of

the fort-

lonely man

saying:

refuge

and

io

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

ress,

therefore

will

not

we

fear

though

the earth

be

removed,
midst but

though
of the
not

the sea."

mountains That for is


a

be

carried
rience, expe-

into the

is great

it is

reserved
It

psalmists and privilegefor agonize


bitter the nace. furdo is make in the if
we

rare common

patriarchs like Job.


mortals
feel the like
us

who the

struggleand
flesh, and
Whether
with
we us

and

thorn

in

the

tragedy

of life unhealed. not, God

discovery or Only
find him
not
as

is there all the

it makes the
one

difference

high

tower

where
is

refuge
an

for the

passingmoment

only,but

eternal

attainment.

Ill

WHAT

WE

WANT

MOST

There

are

many
we

things which

we

want"

things for
for Santa

which the

struggle hard
with
our

and his

toil

fully. pain-

Like

little child
we

printed list
or

Claus,

have

list, longer
we we

shorter, of precious things which

hope
are

to

see

brought
to
our

within

our

reach The
one

before

gathered
the
on

fathers.

difference

is that is

child

is satisfied if he gets

thing which
ours.

his list. is full

We

want

everything on

The

world

THE

CENTRAL

PEACE

of

hurry
on

and

rush, push and


some one

scramble, each
of his
many
to
secure

man

bent

winning

goals.
the
true

But, in spite of this excessive

effort

tangiblegoods
that
peace

of the earth, it is nevertheless in the If


you

deep down
of
your

heart have

most
an

men

want

the
to
a

God.
way

opportunity place
he

work
man

into

that

secret

where

reallylives,you
well that
unrest

will find that is

knows

fectly per-

he and

missing something.
smothered of other

This for
some as

of feeling

disquietgets

long periods
men
an

in the

mass

aims, and
such
a

hardly
immortal it will
not

know

that

they
away

have

thing
But,
even

soul hidden remain misses

within.
It cries When when
out

so,

quiet.
his home.

like the the hard

lost child who


games

of life prove

losing ones,
for fiercely hand from

the

ity stupidcomes

of
over

strivingso
him, when
the best
a

such the he

bubbles dark

catches the
over

away

earthly comfort
assert

had, when

genuine realities of life


sense,

themselves

he

wakes

up

to

find

himself
no one

hungry
of his He
to

and

thirstyfor something
pursuits has
God. He

which
can

earthly
wants

supplied or
wants
on an

supply.
wants

peace.

He

feel

his

life founded
to
over

absolute
sort

reality.
and
as

He

wants

have him

the

same

of
come

peace

quiet
a

steal

which

used

to

when

child he

12

SPIRITUAL
to

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

ran

his mother from

and

had

ished all the ills of life banwarm

thought

in the

love

of

her

brace. em-

But

it is for

not

only the driving,pushing


and is
to
are

man,

bitious am-

wealth

position,who
get
"

misses of

the

best

thing there
persons

the

peace

God.
it.

Many
Here his
answer

who who

seeking it miss directly


to

is

man

hopes

find it

by solving all
When
he
to
can

difficult intellectual the hard read the

problems.
which the

questionswhich
riddles

life puts
ages

him,
left of into

and

have
peace

unread, he thinks
God.
a

his soul will feel the each


a

Not
more.

so,

because It is of into

problem

opens
to
no

dozen the
to

noble

undertaking
let of God

help
one

read

riddles
enter

the the

universe, but
peace
person

expect

by

such

path.
to

Here

is another but
to

who

devotes
peace

self her-

nothing
not

seeking the
Not for the that its

of

God.
not

Will
found
or

she

find it? it is is
"

way.
own

It is sake. divine

when

sought

He
peace,

she who would have Like

to get living
no

joy of

who
never

have the

joy but calm," will probably


which ing. passeth understandcomes as a

peace

all the

great
one

it blessings,

by-product when
Christ's
peace
came

is
to

seeking something else.


not

him

because

he

sought

it,but because

he

accepted the divine will which

14

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

ing

his

tongue,
Peace

feeling
does

his

pulse,
come

and

getting
one

his is

weight. watching
or

not

to

who his

continually
is

for

the

results

of

work,

who

wondering
who is in "honor" attitudes from

what
envious the and

people jealous
field,

are

saying
of who Those and other is

about

it,

or

persons

working
about the

same

or

touchy
are

or

recognition.
frustrate inner of
peace

just
it There

which
one's

make

stay
is
a

away

self. and like service

higher
which,

level thank when is

work

and reach.

ministry,
It of is life sincere

God,
one

men

us

can

attained

swings
and

out

into

way

which love

motived
and

controlled
when when in

by
cration conse-

genuine

devotion,

obliterates
like
"

self-seeking,
the worker but

some

measure,

Christ,
Not
my

can

say

without

reservations,

will

thine

be

done."

CHAPTER

II

THE

GREAT

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

TRYING

THE

BETTER

WAY

very

fresh

and

unusual the tells the


manner

type

of
u

book

has An

cently re-

appeared

under It

title,
in
a

By

known Un-

Disciple." impressive
the It
way,

simple, direct,
of the and who

after

Gospels,
message.
was
an

story

of

Christ's
to

life and written who told leaves

works

professes

be

by
was

one

intimate

disciple, and
of

therefore
the the book. reader than

an

witness eye-

everything
and it do with is
a

in

It

is

vivid

narrative because

deeply
most

moved,

brings
into the

him

closer
presence

interpretations

actual great

of

and The

companionship
first
the
casts

Galilean.
scene

chapter
eastern

re-interpretation of the
of
out

on

shore demons the shore

Gennesaret,
of the maniac told

where of

Jesus
Geresa. when

the
on

A he

man

of

the his

lake

Jesus,
in the
one

landed

there that it

with
was

disciples
safe for

early
to

morning,

not 15

any

go

16

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

up

the

rugged hillside,because
there
among

there
"

were

men mad-

hidden

the tombs:
tear

people possessed
who

by demons,
can
"

who

their and

flesh,and

be heard How
"

screaming day
you

night."
are

do

know

they
it be?"
can

possessed by
said the

demons?
"

asked else

Jesus.
could
that be
man.

What
are

"

There
too

none

master

them.

They
asked

are

fierce
any

to
man

tamed." tried
to tame

"Has

them?"

Jesus.
"

Yes, Rabbi, they have


fetters. the There fetters of the
was

been
one

bound that
as
a

with chains
I
saw.

and

He

plucked
break
a

from

him

child

might
he
ran

chain into

field flowers.

Then
no man

foaming
pass
"

wilderness, and
now.

dare

by
Have

that way
men

."
.

tried

only this

way

to

tame

him?

"

Jesus
"

asked. other
way

What

is there, Rabbi?

"

asked

the

man.
"

There
us

is God's

way," said Jesus.


"

"

Come,

let

try it."

As

Jesus spoke,
the

His

gaze
"

went

from then

man

to

man,"

writer
me.

continues,
was as

and
power

his

eyes

fell upon him


to

It
and

if

passed from
me

me,

immediately something inside

THE

GREAT
'

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK
"

17
tive narra-

answered,

Lead,
to

and

follow.' the
name

The

proceeds
demoniac
"

describe whose
us,

encounter
"

with

the

man

was

Legion."
in the

He

ran

toward had
two

shrieking and bounding sharp


stones

air.
as

He

in his them The

hand, and
and
men

he

leaped
ran

he

cut

his flesh with limbs. the The

the

blood
us

down scattered

his naked and

hind be-

fled down

but hill-side; effect of the of


new

Jesus

stood

still and

waited."

calm, undisturbed, unfrightened presence


was

Jesus
force

astonishing.
came

It into

was

as

though

suddenly
stones
were

operation.

The

jagged
nized recog-

thrown
once
an

from
a

his hands, for he

at

in

Jesus

friendlypresence
heart. and His

and

helper
and

with

understanding
demoniac
and of the
men

fear

terror

left the

man
a

he became
person.

quiet, composed
Meantime when swine
terror
some

like

normal
ran

who

away

in fear, herd of

the madman

appeared, frighteneda
near

feeding
lake where

by,

and

in their uncontrolled toward the the

they rushed
and

wildly

headland
into Fear the is
a

of

the

pitched
were

over

top
"

water

they
the

drowned.
it seemed fear

foul

said Jesus, and spirit,"


that

plain and played

obvious such

ungoverned
the
man

which

havoc the

with

had swine.

taken It
was

possession
the
same

also of

misguided

18
"

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

demon,"

fear. of

little later

in the him

day when
saw

the
man

companions
who had

Jesus
and

found
"

they
"

the

called clothed

himself
in

Legion

sittingat
mind
"

Jesus' feet, quieted and


We
now

his

right

restored
know

person.

that appears

this disease, called


so

"

session," pos-

which
accounts,

often
common

in the New

tament Tes-

is
name

very

present-day
to

trouble. in the

The Bible
to

and it often

description given
seem

it
familiar un-

make
us,

remote
as

and

but
as

it is, in fact, it
was

prevalent in
first century.

the

world
an

to-day

in the

It is

extreme

form

of

tion disorganizaa hysteria,


causing delusions,

of normal loss of
memory,

functions, often
the

performance of automatic resulting in double,


in which
a

actions, and

sometimes

or

condition a multiple, personality,

eign for-

self
and This make

seems

to

usurp

the

control
and

of the

body
be

it do

many

strange in very
or

unwilled
cases

things.
to

disease

is known

many terror,
more

produced by frights,fear,
fears

sometimes
or

long hidden

away

and

less

pressed. sup-

The

famous
were

cases

of

Doris of of

Fischer

and

Miss
were

Beauchamp only
of
extreme

both

this type.
a

They

instances

fairly common
to

form

mental

trouble, generally due

fears, and

THE

GREAT of

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

19

capable
shows knows

being

cured

standing by wise, skillful under-

and

loving
and the

care,

applied by
interest

one

who

confidence how
to
use

human

and of

who
gestion. sug-

powerful

influence has and

Dr. these
two

Morton has

Prince, who
achieved
cures

reported
tions restora-

cases,

that tell of broken

read
"

like miracles, and

his narratives
out

minds,
into

harsh, jangling,

and

of tune," have been


to
derful won-

dissociated

selves, which
and
are

unified, organized, harmonized


normal life. than under The the Few restorations
upon
a

restored
more

that

effected of

Philadelphia girl
Witmer.

direction

Dr.

Lightner
She

girl was

stubborn, hopelessly incorrigible,

sullen, suspicious, and kicked, and


bit when
to

stupid.
she
was

screamed,
and she

opposed,
So
was was

utterly refused
and dehumanized
"

obey anybody.
was

unnatural

she

that

she She

generally
examined

called

Diabolical

Mary."
her

by

Dr.

Witmer,

underwent

some

simple surgical
caps, physicalhandithe

operations to
and
care woman.
once

remove was

obvious

then
a

put under

loving, tender understanding

of

wise, attractive, and


The

girlresponded
became
on

to

the

treatment

at

and

soon

the process transformed

went

profoundly changed, and became until the girl a wholly


person.

and

re-made

20

SPIRITUAL The

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

so-called
so

shell-shock
in the

cases

which
the

have of
turn

bulked
men

large

story
the

of

wastage

in all armies
to

during
mental part

World

War,

out

be

cases

of
most

disorganization, sioned occaby


immense

for

the

emotional
fear.
to
or

upheaval, especially through


The
master
man

suppressed
has
not

affected his the

with

the He

trouble has in the

seemed winced
of

emotion.

shown but

fear slightest

face

danger;

the pent-up

emotion, the suppressed fear and


the entire
nervous

terror,

insidiously throw
out
cases

mechanism of such that strain

of gear.

The

successful

treatment

one is,again, like that for hysteria,

brings confidence, calm,


and

liberation

of
a

all
tient, pa-

anxiety.
has

The

poor

victim

needs

trained wise, skillful, psychologically

cian, physiwho
gest sug-

who

an

understanding mind,
way,
a

friendly,
and
can

intimate interested,
can arouse

of love, spirit
recovery

expectation of
health method This

and

thoughts of
reactions. tried with

and of
upon

the
cure

right emotional
has often been inal crimso-called

strikingeffect
Prisoners the

the

classes.

almost

always respond
of Elizabeth

to constructively

personal manifestation
love.

confidence, sympathy, and

Fry
with

proved this principlein


the almost brutalized

an

astonishingway
in

prisoners

Newgate.

22

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

lockouts, upheaval and


very

threats, needs

just now

wise

physician. Force, restraint, compulsion,


the
"

fastening down
leaders, drastic laws
cure

lid," imprisonment of
will
not

againstpropaganda,
more

the

disease,
on

any

than of

chains

cured

the The The

poor

sufferer
must

the

shores

Gennesaret. understood. and deeds


must

situation inner taken be

first of behind

all be
acts

attitude into

the The

be
must must

account.

social mental
to

state

diagnosed.
the be
causes

The

remedy,
which

be

remedy,
who

remove

produce

the dissociation.
one

It

can

accomplished only by
a

has

an

understanding heart,
and of This the been
most
a

good will, an

unselfish purpose,

unifying,suga comprehending, i.e., gestion


is

cooperation.
no

way

less urgent
international

for

the

solution It

of has

acute too

situations.
too

assumed
can

long

and

often

that

these ods meth-

situations of

be best

handled

by

unlimited
to

coercion, and restraint,


Some of the countries

reduction of

lessness helphave

Europe

been

from plainlysuffering the kindred forms

neurasthenia, dissociaof

tion" and
caused

emotional, fearmakes
to

diseases. of

Starvation It will
not

always
do
now

for

types
with that

hysteria.
the

apply,
suffer

cold, preciselogic,the old vindictive


when
sinner has been made

principle
to

THE

GREAT
"

ENERGIES
"

THAT

WORK

23

enough
can

to

cover

the
to

enormity

of

his

sin he It

then
not

be

restored of
a

respectablesociety.
most
concerns

is

vindication
now;

justicewhich
return

the world

it is

of

health, a

tion restora-

of normal social of for the


a

functions, a reconstruction
That
truer

of the

body.

task

calls for

the

application
It calls
a

deeper,

principlesof
an

life.

knowing heart,
fear-attitude trustful

understanding method,
can

healingplan, a sympathetic guide who


the

ate obliterand

and human

suggest

confidence

unity
great

and

relationships. Those Epistleof


London
to
u

words, used
of
to
an

in the

Yearly
revived
knows

Meeting
and
no

Friends

in 19 17, need
:

be Love its
not

put

experimental venture
There
no

frontiers."
are

is

no

limit

to

healing
meet,

force, there
there is
no

conditions
to

it does

terminus

its constructive

operations.

II

HE

CAME

TO

HIMSELF

Was sketch
as

there this

ever
one

such of the

short-storycharacter
No ism realof his sins, and forever his life is into
as

prodigal son!

of details,no the immortal

elaboration

yet
our

picture is burned
The debacle of

imagination.

clear

24

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

and the

vivid

as

words

can

portray
us

the
as
we

ruin. read the the his and

Yet the
one

phrase

which

arrests

most

compact
which

narrative tells about

of
"

his

undoing is

not

riotous

living,"or
or

less reck-

squandering
for swine

of his
or

patrimony,
feet
one

hunger
the

husks,

his unshod the

loss that
"

of his tunic; it is rather when


came

which his

says

he
to

was

at

the

bottom

of

fortune

he

himself."
not

He
not

had

been

himself
in the
turn meant.

then, before.
life of
out

He

was

finding himself
That did he
not
was

riotous all
to

gence. indulbe the

after He

life for which


more

missed shoes and

himself tunic.
an

than raises

he
a

missed nice is
a

his

lost

That
answer:
can

question
person
"

which

is worth

When
he I

his real self? last I have


to

When
self; my-

properly
am

say,

At

found

what has

want
us

be?"

Robert

Louis Mr.

Stevenson

given

in Dr. the

Jekyll
double

and

Hyde
us

fine

parable

of
a

actual

self in
our one

all, a higher and


But
or
or

lower

self under real me?

hat.

ask, which

is the Is

Is that
we
we

it

Jekyll
can

is it

Hyde?
worse

it the

best which

be

is it this

thing

just
be, I

now

are? Most
answers

to

the

question would

think, that the real self is that ideal self of which

THE

GREAT

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

25

in moments

of

rare

we visibility

sometimes

catch

glimpses.
"

All

I could
men

never

be,
me,

All,

ignored in
was

This,
the
"

worth

to

God, whose

wheel

pitcher shaped."
into
any

Dig deep enough


said,
"

man,"

St.

tine Augusdivine."

and he

you

will find

something
when

We
he

supposed
does in of

believed believe

in total

depravity,and
it is
a

theory
actual

in it; but

matter

experience,he
O

announces

this

deep

fact which
"

fits perfectly with

his other
us

great

utterance:

Thou,
are

God,

hast

made

for

self, thywe

and

we

restless

until (dissatisfied)

find ourselves Too

in thee." have
our

long we
that

assumed

that

Adam,

ure, the fail-

is the type of
man,
to
err

lives,that he is the normal


and that all
men one

is human,
nature

touch, that
kin.

is, blight,of
Christ
has

makes
to
us

What
that
we

revealed

is the

fact

always
He,
type,

have

higher

and and

diviner
not

in us. possibilities

the the

overcomer,

Adam,
us

is the
at

true

normal

person,

giving

last

the

pattern of life which


Which
is the real

is life indeed. then? self, which Greeks


we

Surelythis higher
discover held in that
our

possibleself, this
best
moments.

one

The

always

sin

26

SPIRITUAL
"

ENERGIES

IN
"
"

DAILY

LIFE

was

missing
word

the

mark
means

that

is what
to

the
at,

Greek
to

for sin real

"

failure
which trail.

arrive

reach, the

end

toward

life aims. ing. It is undohas real

Sin is defeat. The


not
me. come

It is loss of the has


not

sinner
to

found has

himself, he
missed the

himself.
"

He

He If that

cannot

say,

I am." if the is the than it and much


we

is

fact, and

life of normal is done


to

spiritual
life, we
to

health

and

attainment
to to

surely ought
young

do

more

help
to

people

realize We
are

assist them
more

find themselves.
to

concerned
to

manufacture

things than
one

are we

make

sons. per-

We
very

do

very

well
"

and

do

the

other Found

badly.
'

Kipling's
fine rivet
account

The of

Ship
the
care

that

Itself
upon

is
every

bestowed

and

screw,

every

valve
stress

and and

piston.
strain from
and

He
a

pictures the ship


great
storm

in the part

of keel

and

each what and

of the
to

ship
bear been

to

funnel

describes

it has

to

do

in the

emergency

how

it has

prepared in advance
was

for

just this
he awful

crisis.

Nansen that the

asked
was
"

how

he

felt when in the

found

Fram

caught
I felt could

jam

of the Arctic
he

ice-floe.
knew she

perfectlycalm,"
it. I had

said.

"I

stand and

watched steel that

every
went

stick of timber

every

piece of

THE

GREAT

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

27 go
even

into her

hull.

The

result ice do

was

that

I could

to

sleep and
more
no

let the
we

its worst."

With
must

care

build the

airplane.
of

There The

be

chance
must

for be

capriciousaction.
made in any

propeller
There
structure.

blades
must

perfect wood.
piece of
the

be

no

defect

The

gasolinemust
The

be tested oil
must

refinement. of every But the in


a

by all the methods be absolutely pure,


ships and
element

of free

suspicionof grit.
when
we

turn

from

airplanesto
we are now

provisions for trainingyoung


different world.
very

persons

The

of chance have

bulks free

large. We
to

let the

youth

pretty
fore be-

opportunity
we

begin his malformation


construct
an

begin seriouslyto
We fail
"

him
enormous

on

right
fact form
are

lines.
"

to

note
we

what
take

disposition is,and early and


too to to

littlepains to
way.

it

form
assume

it in the best that all the

We

far
come

apt

fundamentals
overwork this

by
as

the road much of


as

of

heredity. We
from

theory
their The and

earlier

theologians overworked
poor

dogma
fact

originalsin
character
at

old Adam.

is that

temperament
which
as

and
most

disposition definitely
formed in
are

the

traits of
are

settle those

destiny early

least of of

much

critical years the strains

infancy as

they

acquired by

heredity. Education,

28

SPIRITUAL is
more even

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

which country
most
we
as

essential

to

the

greatness
is We
to
one

of

any-

than

its manufactures, of life.

of the it
as

neglected branches
find
we

take

it

"

-and

lay
from
must

its failures

Providence
must not

do be
so.

deaths We

typhoid.
be in
as

It

ways alto

greatly concerned
boys and

form
to

virile character

our

girls and
and
cerned con-

develop in them

the

capacity for moral


as we
are

leadership in spiritual
over our

this crisis

coal
of

supply
the

or

our

industries.
to

There

are

ways

assisting the

higher self
real that? of
new save mean

control
the

and

dominate
can

life,ways
the
to

by which
person.

ideal
not

person

become

Why
He
says,

consider

how seriously the


stone
man

do

that

overcomes,
a

prophet
with knoweth
may
a

Patmos
name

receives
on

white
no

written hath

it,which
a

he that
many

it. It is

symbolism which
at

things. It
subdues

seems

least

to

mean

that in the

he

who
of

his lower lives

self,holds
the

out

strain

life,and
as
a a

by

highest that he knows,


a

will

consequence

receive

distinct individuality,
in

clearlydefined
the its
own.

self,instead of being blurred


level
mass
"

with of

great

self with
not

name

And self that

that

self will
knows

be

the

old

familiar

everybody
and

by

traits of of

past

achievement

by the

old

tendencies

30

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

The

Persians of the

were

so

impressed
warfare

with

this

stern

condition
as

life that
scene

they interpreted the


between

verse unitile hosthe

of endless

powers

of the

invisible world.

Ormuzd,

god of light,and
were

Ahriman,
be

the
a

god of darkness,
continual in the the geddon. Arma-

believed

to

engaged in
be
no

There until the


one or

could
other

truce

strife

the

should

win

victory by
Persian

annihilation has

of

his

opponent.
of

This

dualism has

touched

all systems
upon

thought and

left its influence The


to
men reasons

all the it has

religionsof the
so

world.

why
all

appealed
of

erfully pow-

of
so

generations are,
conflict involved of

course,

that that

there
no

is

much

in life and
ever

achievement
a

goodness
for
it

is

made

without forces. is due this


"

hard

battle

against opposing
and

But
to
"

if all this

opposition

struggle
to

an

enemy,"
because

we

ought certainly
turns out
we

love

enemy,"

it

to

be the greatest
are

possibleblessing to struggle with


we
11

us

that
to

forced for

to

difficulties and

wrestle

what

get.
Count it all

joy,"
to

said the

Apostle James
of the

in

substance, writing
"

his

friends

sion, Disperfaith have

when

you

fall into
that

manifold

or testings,

trials, knowing
worketh

the

proving

of

your

steadfastness,and

let steadfastness

THE

GREAT

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

31

its

perfectwork, that ye may lacking in nothing." St.


"

be

perfect and
thought
conferred
messenger

tire, enonce

Paul
was

that his him


an

thorn and

in the flesh
was

"

upon

by

Satan

the

malicious
process

of

enemy;
came
a

but
to
see

in the that

slow
the

of
"

experience
"

he

painful

thorn

cised exer-

real

ministry in hardship
and made

his life,that
he

through
that

his

suffering and
of God's
was so

got

higher meaning
divine

grace;

he

discovered

power

thus that he him.

perfect through
to

ness, his weak" "

learned

love

the

enemy

that buffeted The the his

Psalmist

who

wrote

our

best

loved
God
green

psalm,
was

twenty-third,thought Shepherd
and because he beside
no

at

first that him where in

led

tures pasno

still waters
enemy
to

there But he the God

was

struggle and
at

fear.

learned
shadow
was
no

length that in the dark


on

valleys of

and less
a

the

rough

jagged hillsides
than he
on

good Shepherd
grass;

the level
at

plains and
even

in the lush
"

and of

found
"

last that

in the

presence

enemies
have the

he

could

be

fed The
not
fort; com-

with

good things and


and
the

his table

spread.
were

overflowing cup
discovered
on

anointed
levels the of

head
ease

lower
out

and

they
when
"

came
"

of

harder
were

experiences busy supply-

enemies

of

his peace

32

SPIRITUAL and

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY him

LIFE

ing obstacles

for perplexities

to

come. over-

It is

no

accident
stress to

that
upon

the
"

book

of

Revelation
The

puts world
island

so

much

overcoming."
on

seemed
of Patmos
"

the

prophet
of

the

volcanic

essentially a place
in this book

of strife and forces.

conflict
There
any

an

Armageddon
beatitudes
"

opposing

are

no

promised to

except

overcomers."

"

Not The And

to

one

church

alone, but
from

seven

voice
unto

prophetic spake
each the

heaven;

promise
same
are

came,
;

Diversified,but still the


For The The him
new

that
name

overcometh
written
on

the

stone,

raiment I will

white, the

crown,

the throne, Star!"

And

give him

the

Morning

But
not

the

conflict that

ends

in such
more

results

can

be called misfortune, any

than hero

Hercules'
won

labors

through which
can

the

legendary
a

his for
come over-

immortality
him. Once

be

pronounced

misfortune
has that
"

more,
at

then, the saint who


least in retrospect,
"

discovers,
is

there

good ground
The

for in

loving his
his

enemies

farmer,

unceasing struggle with


pests visible and
in-

weeds, with

parasites,with

THE

GREAT

ENERGIES

THAT

WORK

33

visible, with
weather,

blight

and

rot

and
to

uncongenial blaspheme
he labors cursed dice
"

sometimes hard

feels

tempted
under
"

against the
and
to
assume

conditions that
"

which has the

an

enemy

the
ture na"

ground
is

which

he

tills and The best

loaded
cure

of mood

againsthim.
to

for his

visit the land does what is

of the

bread-fruit
man

tree,

where but
see

nature eat

everything and
of

does

nothing
and those
the
to

gratuitouslygiven him,
men

there

the kind The

you

get under of

kindly
strong
meets

skies.

virile the
"

fiber
keen

muscle,
mind

manly
each
new

frame,
"

active
a

that

pest

with and

successful that
no

invention, the
are

of conquest spirit in the


are

courage
are

revealed

farmer

at

his best of
to
one

accident. with
an

They enemy,"
for

the

by-product
if

his battle
come

conditions,
"

which
must

they

seem

from

come

from

that

ought

to

be

loved

what

he

accomplishes.
critics of
ours

These books schemes


"

who

harshly review
we

the the

we

write, the
of reform do

addresses
we

give,
so

for which do
us

work On
to

ously strenu-

they
force
to

nothing
to

for us?

the

trary, con-

they
more

go

deeper,
our

write

with

care,
to

reconsider
our

tions, hasty generalizato


"

recast

pet

schemes,
may

revise

our

crude

endeavors.

They

speak

as

enemies;"

34

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

and
we

they
do
our

may
to

show
love

stern

and for

hostile

face; but
us

well

them,
our

they

enable

to

find hand

better
may be

self and the

deeper
hand of

powers.

The but the

horny
voice
"

Esau,

voice
All

is the
sorts

kindly
of

of

Jacob.
"

things
Not

work

for

us,

then,
"

as

St. Paul and and which faith

declared.
and

only
but

does

love

work,"

grace;

tribulation

"works,"
forces

and affliction, block that and drives


resources

the buffet
us

seemingly hostile
and

hamper

us.

thing Everyus

deeper, that
of life,that into
us,
even our

draws

closer

to
our

the

great

puts

vigor into

frame
resort

and
a

character

souls, is in the

last
on
"

blessing to

though
the

it

seems

examination superficial

to

be wise
us

work
we

of learn

an

enemy,"
the
"

and

we

shall
"

be

if

to to

love
overcome

enemies and of
to

that
our

give
true

the

chance

attain the

destiny. Perhaps
not

the
as

dualism the old

universe

is

quite as

sharp
the

Persians reaches

thought.
further

Perhaps,
than
we

too,

love

of God
suppose.

under all the

times some"

Perhaps

in fact
even

things
enemy

work forces

together for
are

good,"
achieve when
"

and

helping
revealed

to

the ultimate hath made

good
the

that

shall

be

God

pile complete."

CHAPTER

III

THE

POWER

THAT

WORKETH

IN

US

WHERE

THE

BEYOND

BREAKS

THROUGH

If and

we

sprinkle
a

iron

filings over
beneath the and and of

sheet

of the

paper

move

magnet and of

paper,

filings
in
a

become

active

combine

recombine

great
beholder

variety
who
gazes

groupings

regroupings.
the

A
derneath un-

knows
upon

nothing
the whole

magnet
with
a

affair he feels

sense

of that

awe

and there and


as

mystery,
must

though
some

all the of the

time
tion ac-

be
some

explanation
power

that the the do

hidden of the

behind and

is operating
ings regroup-

cause

groupings

of that
power.
we

iron
not
see

particles.
is

Something
its presence

certainly
and its

revealing

Our series these


our

everyday
of activities

experience
even more

is

full

of

another than
open

mysterious
Whenever colors and
we

movements
we see

of

the

iron. and far


35

eyes

objects
in
spaces

confronting
near.

us

and

located

What

36

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

brings the object to us?


the hit
our

What
does This

operates
the
was

to

duce pro-

contact?

How

far-away thing
to

organ

of vision?
most

the
a

ancient

philosopher a
He
no

difficult
many

problem,
at
a

real mystery.

made which

guesses

solution, but

guess

he

could

make
an

satisfied his invisible


"

ment. judg-

Our

answer

is that which
we

and

tangibl in-

substance f erous ether


"

call ether
even

luminispace
cupied oc-

fills all space,

the

and by visible objects, is


a

that this ether

which

capable of amazing vibrations,


second, is
set

billions of them velocities bombard


at

vibratingat different
These of
we

by
the

different minute of the


now

objects.
rods and

vibrations the
see

cones

retina
now one

the color

back and

eye

and, presto,
now
one

another,
ether had

object and
have

now

another. unknown of the


tina re-

This
to
us

would
not
a

forever

remained
structure

this marvelous chance other


to

given it
itself.

break

through and

reveal

In many into for

ways,

too,

this ether breaks

through

revelation. all the

It

is

responsible apparently phenomena


and
mained re-

immensely
too,

varied of

of

electricity, probably, inadequate


until
we

cohesion revelations

gravitation. Here,
succeeded devices

again,
and in

the

without

clear

tion interpreta-

constructing proper
to

strumen ininto

and

for it

break

through

38

SPIRITUAL
to
on

ENERGIES break its

IN

DAILY

LIFE

still begins and


to

through
and

"

consciousness

pears, ap-

higher

levels moral

consciousness

gins be-

reveal
to

truth
to

goodness.
"

It is
cially espe-

useless

try

explain consciousness
"

truth-bearing consciousness
of the brain, for it cannot

as

function
way

be done.

That than
the

of

explanationno
bodies.

more

explainsmind
movements

maic Ptole-

theory explainsthe
Once

enly of the heavbreaks

more,

something

through
through
of
as

and
a

reveals itself, as

breaks surely as light itself in the of


not

prism
said, is

and

reveals This

band
ours,

spectral colors.
I have
not

consciousness
awareness,

merely
it

only
hends, appre-

intelligent response;
i.
e.,

lays

hold

of

and

reveals, truth
I

and

goodness.
is
or

What

I think, when

really think,
or

not

just my
and

vate priit lute abso-

"opinion,"
turns out to

"guess,"

"seeming";

have it.

something universal

about

My
And
true

is multiplication-table is
true true

body's every-

It multiplication-table. for

for

me

and

beyond
When

me.

what

is

of my of my
my

matics matheing. think-

is also

of other

features

properly organize
concepts,
true
can

experience
express
"

through rightly formed


that attain The
to
are

pects as-

real

and

for

everybody
be called I
can

something
way

which

truth. dis-

same

in the

field of conduct:

THE

POWER

THAT

WORKETH

IN

US

39

cover
can

not

only only
more

what and for

is

subjectively right, but


principleswhich
for every
are man.

go

farther
not

embody
me

right

but
a

good

Something

than

petty,

sciousness tiny,private con-

is I
am

expressing itself through


the
organ

my
more

ality. person-

of

something

than

myself. Perhaps
which
not
more

wonderful

still is the It breaks

way

in

beauty only
at

breaks
a

through.

through
Even the

few

highly organized points, it everywhere.


it
as

breaks minutest
est

through

almost

things reveal
the the

well

as

do

the
one

sublimsees ple, exama

things, like
is

stars.

Whatever bit of mould

through dewdrop
And value

microscope, a
with Mount has Shasta
no

for

charged
to

beauty. Everything
is the bearer of

from

beauty.

yet

beauty being.
It is
must
a

function, no
extrinsic.
no

utility. Its
own
cuse ex-

is intrinsic, not for

It is its

It greases

wheels, it bakes
grace,
a

no

puddings.
largess. It

giftof imply
its

sheer

gratuitous

behind
own

that things a Spirit and that floods it


our
can

enjoys beauty
the world break

for

sake it.

everywhere
it does
we are

with break in

Wherever

through

through, and
some sense

joy
to

in it shows the

that

kindred

giver and Something

revealer

of it. and

higher

greater

still breaks

40

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

through and
that
not
we see

reveals and

deeper Reality than


Love
comes

any
"

touch. like

through
where for it.
at

everywhere
of love
as

beauty, but only


an

rare

organization has prepared


aspects
as

organ

Some

appear

very

widely, are,
moral

least,
But

universal

truth

and

goodness.

love

in its full and with

glory,love
its One

in its of

height of
the

ness unselfisha

passion

is self-giving
"

rare

manifestation. has been


a

person

Galilean of it. In

"

perfect revealing organ


through with
the beam of the
same

his

life it broke
as

ralness perfect natu-

light breaks
and reveals

through the
the

prism
Love

of that

waterdrops
and
so

rainbow.

spires, understands, sympathizes, endures, in-

recreates,

transforms, broke

through
those
at to

and
see

revealed it and real

itself feel it of

impressivelythat
convinced that has And

who last
us

are

here

the and

nature

God

come

through
was

stands

revealed. of

St. Paul, who

lutely absoHe

convinced

this, went
buttressed had after

still further. in

held, with
this
same

faith

experience,that
this demonstration
an

Christ, who

made

of love, became
presence,
a

his resurrection

visible in-

life-giving Spirit who


resident
power

could
tive, recepform trans-

work

and

act

as

within could

responsive,human
them into
a

and spirits,
to

likeness

himself

and

continue

THE

POWER

THAT

WORKETH

IN

US

41

his
such

revelation
organs
true

of

love

wherever

he
or

should

find

of revelation. it is
a

If that,

something
It
was

like it,is
that
"

very

great truth.
meant

this said: self him-

good old William


believer is the

Dell

when

he God

The

only book
Testament."

in which

writes

his New

II

CONQUERING

BY

AN

INNER

FORCE

There

are

few

texts

that

have

been

more

namic dythe of

in the
one

religionthan history of spiritual


the of faith of

which

forms

keynote

of

the "The

message

the
man

little book lives

Habakkuk:

righteous
the
was tral cen-

by

"(2:4).
in the

It became
message.

feature

St. Paul's

It

the

epoch-making
and it has Protestant The missed

discovery
been

Luther's

experience,

always

guiding principleof
the words is often into work
a

Christianity.
the is

of profound significance because is


text
so

easilyturned
itself
to

phrase that
kind of

supposed just of
faith
we
"

magic spell, and


of When
"

secondly because
so

the

meaning

is back

go

preted. frequentlymisinterto the original ence experitext


was

out

of

which

the

famous

born

we

42

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

can

get fresh

lightupon begins
of
the the

the heart with


a

of its

meaning.
almost

The of

little book the conditions

searching analysis
With
an

time.

unparalleledboldness
to

prophet challenges God


are so

explainwhy
the

the times is
to

badly long

out

of and

joint, why
checked. un-

why

social order
allowed
seems

so

topsy-turvy,
a

injusticeis
the moral Then

run

course

God

unconcerned
not to

with
be

affairs

"

pilotappears
comes
a

steeringthings.
relief.
at
use

moment

of mental

The

prophet
other Chaldeans wicked

hits upon

the

conclusion, arrived
God is about
to to

by
the

prophets also, that


as a

divine

instrument
to

chastise the
wrongs

element

in the nation,

right the
execute

of the disordered But


as

world, and
to

to

judgment.
more

he

begins
ever.

reflect he How
can

becomes

plexed per-

than such This


a

God, who
for moral
to

is good, use

terrible

instrument

purposes?
an

people,
of moral

which

is assumed in
a

be

ment instru-

judgment
is
men,

disordered It It

world,

is itself wolfish.
success.

unspeakably
Its It

perverse.

is fierce and
cares

only god
catches
"

might.
like

only for
his
can

fish, in its great


net

dragnet, and
burneth

then
unto

he sacrificeth unto his

and
a

incense

drag."

How

such

and pitiless and

insolent

people, dominated
to

by pride
out

love of conquest, be used

work

the ends

THE

POWER

THAT
to

WORKETH
act

IN

US

43

of
pure

righteousness and
even

for

God

who

is

too

to

look
the

upon

that

which

is evil and

wrong?
up

Here

prophet
and

finds himself of the

suddenly
ernment gov-

against the
in it. He

ancient

problem

moral

of the universe evil


cannot

the

deep mystery
the

of

untangle
No climb
an

snarled

threads lies
"

of his skein. hand.


"

solution of the mystery


to

at

He and
not

decides

up
answer

into

his

watch-tower

wait
come come

for
at
"

from
proposes

God.
to

If it does

once,

he

stay until it does

"

if it tarry, wait

for

it; it will surely come."


comes,
so

At

length the
can

vision read it.


text

clear

that

man

running

It is that

just this
a man

famous

discovery of
hope
to to

the

great

cannot

ties get the world-difficulsuit him, he


cannot

all in God live


some

straightened out
easy

superficial way
of and

the justify
at

ways

of
can
own

in the

course

history; but,
faith

least,he
his God

unswervingly
do

victoriously by
that for

soul's be

the insightof insight,


to

can

trusted he is

the

right thing

the universe

which
a

steering. It
stanza

is beautifully expressed in

well-known
"

of Whittier's:
where His islands lift

I know Their

not

fronded I

palms in air;
cannot

I only know

drift care."

Beyond

His

love

and

44

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

Many
are

things remain
not

unexplained.
But I hold inner

The
see course

teries mys-

all
me

dissipated.
to
an a

enough
ward, on-

light to
which
This
tower:

enable and I

steady
world

have in the

confidence
can

in

God

nothing
is the There

outward from

shatter. watch-

message

Habakkuk's
goes
can
so

is

faith
a

which
man

far

into

the

heart

of

things that

live

by
upon
an

it and him.

stand

all the water-spouts


once one

which

break
as

Josiah Royce
of the soul
can

defined
can

faith stand

insight
this

by which
to

everything that
text

happen
You God's
not

him,

and
at

that
a

is what

means.

arrive

such
you

personal
can

assurance

of and
means

character be

that off your

face

any

event
so,

swept
the
most

feet.

If this is
achievement

it
a

that
career

important
attainment
an

in

man's

is the

of

just this

inner

of vision,the acquisition

interior

confidence spiritual

which William
courses

itself is the used with after

victory.
to

James
Harvard Round

often what round


to

close his lecture


"

at

he called it went
an

Faithfrom
a

ladder."
mere

up

of hope possibility

inner He

conviction would
gin be-

strong

enough
some

to

dominate

action. which

with and

human would

faith
say

dence outstripseviat

he

of

it: It is

least

not

absurd,

not

self-contradictory, and, therefore,

it

46

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

III

LIVING

IN

THE

PRESENCE

OF

THE

ETERNAL

Some minister work


were

time who
a

ago
was

I received about
to

letter from settle


town.

young

for

religious
He
and I

in

large manufacturing
to

strangers

each

other

in

the

flesh

but
we
"

friends
were

through correspondence, and


he spirits
me

because
to

kindred

wrote

to

me

say:

have

before
God

the in
a

great

work

of

livingin
the and
a

the

eternal and

and

in humanity toiling

factories
ence presto

shops.
of the
"

Oh,

if I could real
to

only

make

Eternal

myself

my

people !
suburb

Another York

minister, laboring in

large
to
me

of New

City, also
voice the which

stranger
to

except through
he
men was

correspondence,wrote
holds invisible

say
up

that

glad
the of the

for every

before

realityof

Church of
"

and

the

idea These
are

universal

priesthood
within
a

believers. and
are

letters

coming
of
many

week
ones
"

they signs

samples
the all about and
are

similar

of
men

times, and
us

show
are

clearly that
with
the
to

thoughtful
husk of
ligion re-

done

devoting themselves
There is
a

the heart

of

the way

matter.

deep

movement

under is stead-

which

touches

all denominations

and

THE

POWER

THAT

WORKETH

IN

US

47

ily preparing in
America that
a

our

busy, hurrying,materialistic
of the vital,spiritual religion rich blossoms and

true

seed

will later bear

ripe
the

vest. har-

I want desire
may young

for the moment the


young

to

return

to

central
that of
our

of

minister, in the
of
us,
are

hope

it

inspire some
ministers
"

some especially

who

facing their
me

new

spiritual
of living

tasks:

I have

before God

the in

great
a

work

in the in factories the presence them!" It is

eternal and

and

humanity toiling only


make
to

shops.

Oh, if I could
real
to

of the

Eternal

myself
that
are

and

perhaps
the

new

idea
"

to

some

living
tomed accusus

in the eternal God


to

is

work." all that


a

We is

so

idea mind

that and

required of
No

is

passive
never

waiting spiritthat
this truth:

we

have
can

quite realized
intense

person for

live in the eternal God


most

unless he is
for the most
age,
"

ready

the

and activity

ous strenu-

life. readers

Gladstone,
his The the of

in his old

surprisedhis
the work of found God

with

impressive phrase,
fact

worship."
his
way

is, no

man

ever

yet
of

into

permanent

enjoyment
or

along paths
methods.
to

least
many

resistance of
us

by

any

lazy

How

have
or

been

humiliated

discover, in the silence

in the

service, that

48

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

nothing spiritual was


mind, unbent
and if

happening within
was

us.

Our
a

passive enough,
not

like

nant stagers feel-

pool, or,
out

stagnant,

was

darting its
any

and

following in lazy
the eternal
we

fashion of and

line of

suggestionwhich
"

pulled it. Instead


God
"

selves findingour-

livingin

in the

high

enjoyment
what
mean

of him,

catch

ourselves
or
one

wondering
the
an

the and

next

strike will be,


way
some
no use

thinking about

shabby
There
"

spoke
a

to

us

hour

ago!
the

is

blaming
make

mind

cause be"

it wanders but
a

everybody's mind
is
to to
our

wanders
it wander

real achievement ministers

in

region which
can

life; and spiritual

that

be

done

only by getting supremely


the

tereste in-

in the the in.

thingsof
is

Spirit.That
the

is where
comes

"work"
Attention

lies; that is where

effort

always determined
What
us,
we

by

the

mental fundawe

interest.
to.

love
us.

supremely
One with

tend at-

It gets

it holds

quial of the colloa

phrases
"

for

being
to
"

in love the

person
a

is
true to

paying

attention
goes

person.

It is
we we

phrase
discover become with

and and

straightto reality. If
the

are

enjoy

eternal
in

Presence and spirit

must

earnest passionately

glowing

love

for the

Highest.
two to

My

friend He

brings

important things
undertake
the work

gether: to-

proposes

of

THE

POWER

THAT

WORKETH

IN

US

49

living
The

in the

eternal
go

God

and

in
and

toiling humanity.
cannot

two

things
It and

together
in the

be

safely
of life

separated. through
out

is

actual and

sharing

love
to

sympathy
the

sacrifice, in going
and

of

self

feel

problems
that and who
a

difficulties and
and
on

sufferings of others,
rich in

we

find centered has

form
matters

life of

higher
value. of

interests
A
man

eternal the hour

traveled
man

through
to

deeps
of and

life with

fellow
mind

comes

his

worship
with
a

with

focused for of

on

the

nal Eter-

spirit girded
which And
at

the the such eternal


out,

inward greater
a man

wrestling,
sort

without
come.

blessings
every

do

not

time in the
go

finds and

himself fed from

truly

home he tasks
can

God the

within,
to

with

strength of
This is
one

ten, of He

the

of

toiling humanity.
work and

those that

spiritual circles which


dwells St.

both
he

ways:

itf God

loves,
us.

that

loves
to

finds
see
a

God,

John
man,

tells

It is fine

strong

trained the

in all his
prayer:

faculties, going
"

to

his work
make

with
presence

quiet
of

Oh,
to

that

I may

the
to

the It is

Eternal
a

real
prayer

myself
for

and
us.

my

people."

good

all of

CHAPTER

IV

THE

WAY

OF

VISION

DAYS

OF

GREATER

VISIBILITY

From Maine lake I

the
can

porch
see,

of
across

my

little the the of

summer

cottage
stretch

in of

beautiful

in the

foreground,
in when their

far-distant

Kennebago
But
we see

Mountains
them
are

veil

purple.
of the
a

only

all the

conditions Most of in

sky

and

air
are

absolutely right.
in clouds admire
or

time

they

wrapped
visitors

are

lost
are

dim

haze. with

Our the

the

lake,

charmed and the the We

islands, the hills, but


this them
come

picturesque they
do
not

shore

ing surroundof tell

suspect
the
"

existence often

added of
out to

glory beyond
the

hills.
over

mountains full

just
when and

there, "

which all fine


mark re-

into the

view

the the
make what

sky clears
blows
a

the from

way

horizon

wind

the about

northwest.
the
go

They

casual

sufficiency of
way

is

already

in

sight,
the
"

and

their

in

satisfied

ignorance

of

beyond."
50

THE

WAY

OF

VISION

51

Next

day,
dawns distant

perhaps
with view.

"

Oh

wonder

The

morning
for for from
our

all the The

conditions
air is

favorable

altogetherright
are

far the
"

The visibility.
western

clouds

swept

clean

rim, the blue


are

is

parent utterlytrans-

and

there

the mountains be with


us

We
now.

wish We

our

visitors skeptical that of

could
not

guess

they would
the
near

easilytalk
these

of the
once

ciency suffisee now

beauty, if they could


of

the

overtopping glory
and is
true

mountains

fullyunveiled
I feel
sure,

revealed. of
God
are

Something like that,


and of other

great

realities spiritual Most


are

which
we

linked with
on

his

being.
handle

of the
near

time

get

with

the
see

things that
and

at
sure

hand;
of.
to

the The

things we
world

and
we

are

is full of is there

and utility

do

well

appreciatewhat
is

waiting to
and

be

used.

There

always something satisfying


is very love
to
are

about with and

beauty, and
it.

nature

rich

lavish

Friendship
these
are

and

heavenly gifts, good things


seem,
to

when
the
seem,
not

added

the other it would

which does and

world
to

gives us,
that for
we

and

it

many

ought

be

satisfied
lies beyond

be

homesick

the

glory which
this
over

the horizon-line

of the

senses.

I cannot

help

it; my
hand

soul will

not

stay satisfied with discontent


sweeps

near-at-

supply.

me,

an

52

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

uncontrollable
"

Heimweh within
me

"

homesickness
I should be

of

soul

surges

up

and

compelled
of all

to

call the whole visible is.


"

scheme

miserable the real

failure,if the

near,

skylinewere
Oh

boundary
the

that

Sometimes weather is

joy!
clouds
away

When

inward

justright;when
the

selfish impulse has been


and

hushed; makes,
the

when
are

shadows,

which

sin

swept
inner I know nowhere

and

genuine
pure
a

love free

makes from fore be-

whole

atmosphere
that in I find

and

haze, then
was

beyond
decide due
to to
some

which

sight and
I
cannot

might easilynot
whether

have

been

suspected.
range

this extended in

of

sight is
it is due

alterations
sudden

myself, or
of I

whether

increase itself.

in the great reality spiritual visibility the fact. Before, I was cupied oconly know I I
my
am

with things; now,


am

commune

with

God

and yond benot

as

sure

of him

as

of the

mountains

my

lake, which

skepticalvisitor has

yet

seen. can

There without

be

no

adequate world
faith in the with
cannot
our

here

for

us

at

least
we

a see

reality beyond
common

the We

line of what

eyes.

have
or

times
our

when increase

we

live

by

bread
we

alone,
lose
our

by

of

stocks; when
need

interest in cosmic

forces and

something

more

54

SPIRITUAL
out

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

killed of the

all self.
to
see as

It

belongs

to

the very makes


as

nature

soul

God. normal
one

It is what
a

life

reallylife.
or

It is

function
must,

ing breath-

digestion. Only
to

of

all

things,

intend

do

it!

II

THE

PROPHET

AND

HIS

TRAGEDIES

There of form of
are

will
persons

always
who

be

in the world the


most

vast

ber num-

take

comfortable
affords. in

religionwhich
not

their

generation
have into the the

They
their

path-breakers;they
which

nothing

nature
"

pushes
are

them

fields of

discovery
which has

they
come

satisfied with
to

religion
the

down

them have
are

from
won

past.

They
and and
are

accept

what

others that
are

and the

tested,

thankful fire which and

they

saved

struggle
perience ex-

the

involved

in first-hand

in fresh
on

discovery.
contrary,
in whatever
course.

The he
comes,

prophet,
can

the

age

never

take

this easy the forms He settled

He

cannot

rest
are

contented

with

of
cannot

religion enjoy
soul

which the
those

accepted by
of the him

others. and and

comforts around

calm inherit

faith which His

adopt.

THE

WAY

OF

VISION

55

forever
mountain
to

hears and

the
go

divine

call
to

to

leave
new

the

old

forward,

conquer

fields,
in words

fightnew
are

battles,to
and We
a

restate

his faith
terms

that

fresh

vital,in
used
to

of
"

the
many

deepest people
of ture fuson per-

life of his time. still think


"

think is
a

that
a

prophet
of
an

foreteller miraculous
who

events,

kind
as

magical
oracle
or

and and

who without

speaks

announces,
currences oc-

knowing
that
are

how

why, far-off,coming
to

communicated miss He with He the is


a

him. of

To the

think

thus

is

to

deeper truth

prophet's patriot, a policy for


what and

mission.
statesman

primarily
moral is
a

religious spiritual
who of
sees

and

the

nation. in the the He

person
nature

is involved therefore
to

eternal
outcome

things
of

what
be.

of
an

course

life is bound for the


curves

possesses

unerring eye
and for mony, harthe

of

righteousness or
for

unrighteousness, as beauty
has in any
not

great
or

artist has
as

lines of

the

great
of
a

mathematician
curve,

completing lines
arc

involved
from and he
men

given
in the realm
viction con-

of it. that

He he

is different has ecstasies

others,

fact of

lives in the
has
a

miracles, but rather


of God
as

that
most

clearer
He

than
the
center

have.

has reads

found
and

him

of all

reality. He light of

interpretsall historyin

the

the

in-

56

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

dubitable deeds
are as

fact of

God,

and and

he

estimates

life and
which
or

in terms

of moral
as

laws, spiritual
of chemical for
no

inflexible

the laws He

atoms

of

electrical forces. He
sees

looks
a

capricious
of moral

results. and

that

this is

universe

order. spiritual is
an

If he
with the

Amos,

he

will refuse of his

to

fall in line
who
"

easy

worshipers
the
"

age,

are

satisfied with
"

old-time

religionof
"

burnt
peace
out

ferings of-

and

meat

offerings
His
a

and

"

ferings offor

of
a

fat beasts." makes

soul

will cry
and
as new

which religion
"

new

moral down

spiritual
a

man,

makes and

righteousnessrun
sets

mighty
social

stream,"
relations

the

worshiper into
If he
is
"

with
"

his fellows.
to

an

Isaiah, he
the
mass

will refuse of of
easy
"

tramp

the he

temple

with his
own

worshipers;
Lord

will have
lifted

vision
his

the

high
the

and

up," with
the

glory
earth,

not filling

only

temple
himself
a

but
to

whole

and
a

he will dedicate

the task

of preparing who

holy people
been is the for
a

and
to

holy cityfor
him
as
a

this God

has

revealed

thrice-holyGod.
accept
the

If he
that

Jeremiah,

he

will

not

view

traditional
the

religionof Jerusalem
the be times. He

quate is ade-

crisis of

will insist

that

true

religionmust
of God
must

inwardly experienced;
be written in the heart,

that the law

THE

WAY

OF

VISION
must out

57

and of
that

that the life of his faith. He

man

be the

livingfruit
idea the
easy-

will cry
and
can

against the
of

the moral

wounds

spiritual sores
be

daughter of Jerusalem
salves The and

healed

with

cheap

panaceas.

supreme

example
line
was

of

this

refusal

to

go

along the
that of One

easy

of

contemporary
than
on a

religion is

who

more

prophet.
the had

His

people prided people


in of minute

themselves The
up
a

being
and

chosen
ceeded suc-

of the Lord.

scribal leaders

drawing

complete

logue perfectcata-

performances. religious
for one's

They

supplied
in every the of

directions
or

religious duty
of elaborate But

detail,real
world
has

imaginary,
seen a more

daily life, and


form

never

religionthan
refused
not to

this of the
not

the

Pharisees. of the
a

Christ

follow would

path
do broke

custom;

he which

could
the

and

he

things
new

scribes

prescribed.
called
of
men
"

He

path for the


the

soul, and
dead

away

from
"

legalism and
to
a

routine faith and

performances
service, which
which the

life of individua

and

involves

ing suffersoul

but self-sacrifice, relation Pharisee the

brings the

into

personal
a

with

livingGod.
a

St. Paul, scholar

of the Pharisees,
a man

cal rabbini-

of fame

first rank, the

rising stage
out

by

stage

to

along

path

marked

by

the

58

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

traditions

of his

people, came
to

back
take
up

from

his

ful event-

journey to
the

Damascus
to set

the work
a

of

path-breaker and
old-time reared.
to

himself

like he

flint against born and

religionin which
a

was
an

Luther,

devout
a

monk,

ambassador scholastic ology, thepeace

the

papal

court,

professor of
he could

discovered
to

that the

not

find

his soul

along

ditional path of the prevailing tra-

religion,and
of which his has

he

swung,

with into
a

all the fresh


are

vor fertrack
some

powerful

nature,

blessed

all ages

since.
every

These
age

of the supreme

leaders, but

has

had
the

its

quota
to

of minor the

prophets, who
old mountain

have and the As


we

heard

call
and
tried un-

leave have

go

forward

who

entered fearlessly of fresh vision.

perilous and
look back

path
see

and

them
to

in the the
race,

perspectiveof
we

their successful mission for their


are

thank

God
we

bravery
to

and the

their

valiant

service, but
their lives.
a

apt

forget

tragediesof
can

Nobody
vision truths without
"

enter

fresh of

path, or bring
be

new

of

the in

meaning
the

life,or
can

reinterpretold
a

short, nobody

prophet
sooner

"

arousing guardians
and the

suspicion and,
of those who
are

or

later, the bitter hatred


and

the keepers and


to

of the

forms existing expect

tions, tradisee

path-breaker must

his

THE

WAY

OF

VISION

59

old and

friends

misunderstand him. He called


must
a

him,

turn

against him,
the

reproach
of

endure

hard the

perience ex-

being

destroyer of
to
cross

very-

things he is giving his life example, hurried


and each
to

build.
as a

Christ

is, for

the

blasphemer,
had
to

prophet,

in his

degree, has
the and
very

hear

himself what he

charged with being

opposite
To be

of
a

really is
at

in

heart be
a

life.

prophet
he
must

all he

must

sensitive soul, and


a

yet

live and and is the

work

in

rain pitiless
more

of

understa mis-

attack.

Still the

tragic, haps, peris under


see

which necessity tasks He


"

prophet livingto

of

doing

his hard results.

without

the

triumphant
time
are
"

ahead is,naturally, and his and love

of his

path-breaker
to

contemporaries
to

always slow
is

discover those
see

realize and

what
ciate appre-

he

doing.
him

Even

who his
true

him

only half
and the of and
a

purpose,

and
may

thus be he in is

he the

feels alone thick dead

solitary, though throng.


have
comes
sure

he

It is

only
his

when

long
While who

the mists

cleared
to

away
true
one

that he

is called he

prophet and
lived he
was

place.
Friend of

of him

only
and

completely understood
and But that in
was

approved
and
the

his course, Friend.


and

his invisible and


the

heavenly
pain
who

spite of

tragedy
"

the hard

road, the prophet,

seeing him

60

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
to

IN

DAILY

LIFE

is

invisible," prefers
and

all other

paths, however
and call.

easy

popular, the path

of his vision

Ill

LONG

DISTANCE

CALL

Just when
items of

life

seems

peculiarlycrowded
the of

with

complexity and importance,

telephone

kind rings a determined, significant


is

ring. This
and
"

evidently no
I the receiver there wire is hums
are

ordinary passing-the-time-of-day weighty


concerns

affair.
up but

interrupt my
with
no

take !"

expectation. I
no

say

Hello

answer,

human

recognition.
click far in. Little

The
away,

and

buzzes, instruments
and

plugs
between

pulled out
unknown that there

pushed

tiny scraps
evidence

of remote,

inane, unintelligible conversation


mortals is any furnish human world the

only
the

I get

purpose

going

forward

in this where

strange I
can see

inside

telephone system Suddenly


me
"

nothing happening.
for

voice
"

which this

is

hunting evidently
?"
am

breaks Hold the

in:

Is

Mr.

"Yes." with
where some-

wire, please." I
confidence.

led

on

creasin in-

interest and

Somebody
of

miles

away

in this invisible world

elec-

62
verge

SPIRITUAL of

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

giving the
to

whole

business

up

and
at

of

turning re-

my

interrupted tasks, which


voice breaks The

least

were

rational.

Suddenly
know
and

in, this time


person
across

voice been

recognize.
all the

who
these

had
spaces
me

seeking me
over

time,

and

this network

of interlaced of

wires, calls

by

name,

speaks gives me
raises
"

words
a

insight and
which
moves

intelligence,
me

and and

message

deeply
things in
can

the

whole
"

tone

of
return

my
to

spirit. When
the work has
been
a

I finally

hang
head
pause

up

and
my

hand, I have
with been clearer like
a

renewed and in
a

strength and
The

faster pace.

pause

piece of music.
it has

It has

full of

and significance, level. like this and


are

helped

toward

higher

Something
in

pens telephone experience hapvery


no

another there the


as

different

sphere
for

"

sphere where
silence, when
often
seems

wires.
are

In the hush

and

conditions
some

right
were

it, it

though
us,

one

trying to
spondence corre-

communicate

with with
us.

seeking
turn

for from

actual the

We

din

and

turmoil We

of

busy

efforts
we

and

listen for
"

the
own

voice. heart
across

listen

and intently We We

hear

our

beating.
the chest.

feel the strain of

our

muscles

push back

little

deeper and

try

THE

WAY

OF

VISION

63

again.
forehead

We

feel the and


we

tension that for

of the
we are

skin

over

the

note

pulling the
concentrated
the for

eyeballsup
meditation.
drawn time. and
we

and All

inward the

more

muscles them

of

scalp
the

are

notice

perhaps
We catch

first
the

Strange little bits of thought flit across


of the mind.
at

threshold
dim
to

glimpses
for

of

ideas the
a

knocking
domain
we our

the windows where in


we

admission

inner

live.

Then,

all

of

sudden,

succeed

pushing
of

further
are

back.
scious uncon-

We

forget
of

strained

muscles bulk

and

the

corporeal

ourselves.
and the The is

We

get in past
of ideas
seems
no

the

flitting thoughts
the Someone
we
are

sion proces-

contending for
for

entrance.

track
us

open

who

seeking
If

less
not

than certainly
hear
our
name

seeking him.
do
not

we

do

called, and
in well-known

hear
we

distinctly a message
at

words,
a

do

least have

feel that received


center

we

have fresh

found

real

Presence from the back

and

vital energy
that
we

creative
to

of life itself, so
our

come

action, after
"

pause,
new

restored, refreshed,
force
to

and

charged
time and

"

with
a

live

by.
to

Some

ago

long distance

call

came

my

telephone waiting
clear voice

I wTent of

through all the


and I

stages

of the
any

and

confusion but

heard finally could


not

callingme,

get

64

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

answer

back.

heard

perfectly
miles,
clear but word
my

across

the

five

hundred

intervening
got
that The
a

correspondent
from with
me.

never

single

We
mitter. trans-

found

something
connection

was

wrong
was

our

good,
was

the the

line other

was

pervious,
but
to

the
not

seeking
succeed said.

voice in
Here

at

end,

did

transmitting
is where this inner We
most

what
of

ought
us

have this

been other

fail

in

sphere
poor

wireless make

"

sphere
the
nection, con-

"

we

are

transmitters.

we

receive
the

the

gift
of do
not

of life

grace,

we

are

flooded

with

incomes but what

and

power

and absorb

we

freely

take,

we

give.
but Our
we

We

and little

accumulate of all that

we

can,

transmit
of
giving out-

comes

to

us.

radius We

influence the

is
to

far listen and


to

too

small.
to

need,
further but

on

one

hand,
the hand

deeper,
the be

get

in the ter bet-

beyond
other

tensions need of

noises,

on

we

more

radio-active,
of God.

transmitters

the

grace

CHAPTER

THE

WAY

OF

PERSONALITY

ANOTHER

KIND

OF

HERO

A least
gave

generation

ago

almost book
as

everybody
on

read,

at

once,
us

Carlyle's great
hero
he
as

heroes.
poet,

He
as

the and

prophet,
us

priest, as
that human these

king,
have should

made real add

realize of
on

heroes I of

been like

the
to

makers
a

society.
kind
to

chapter
not

another much but

hero,

who

has, perhaps,
states

done

build

cities and almost


more

and than of

church

systems,

who
us

has,
the
as

anybody
endurance
"

else, shown
I
mean

spiritual value
invalid. It is the

the

hero

hardest of who health


a

kind
us

of
some

heroism
man
"

there
too

is

to

achieve.

Most
"

know is
a

often when

it is oneself he

very

fair

Christian in

is in normal who into


"

and smooth

absorbed forehead

interesting
and

work,

carries
a

easily

drops
"

good-natured
irritable and
65

smile, but
a

who
center

becomes in the

blue

and

storm

66

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

family

weather
out

as

soon

as

the

bodily
of
us

apparatus had
our
a

is thrown
taste
own

of gear.
as

Most
we

have

of

humiliation in the

have of
some

witnessed thorn
even

defeat

presence

in the

flesh, which
we

stubbornly pricked
to

us,

though

prayed
to

have
up

it removed and
remove

and it. he
to

tor urged the doc-

hurry
a

What weak
to

hero, then,

must
a

be, who,

with doomed

and

broken

body,
how
makes

prey
to

pain

and

die

learns daily,

live in calm
a

faith that of cheer

God and the with

is

good

and !

his life

center

sunshine man-of-war this.


moment

The

heroism

of the battlefield and and thin


meet

looks could when


a

cheap
all trusted
you

compared
some

We

rally to
leader
to

rious gloto

shouted
your

us,

"

Your
to

country

expects

do

duty!"

But weeks with


none

drag
and

on

through days and

nights,through

months,

through recurring birthdays,


with sluggishappetite, of

vital energy of that

low, with

ground-swell healthy
life

superfluousvigor good,
and still
to

which
prove

makes

so

that
"

life is

good

and

to

radiate and
a

joy

and of of

triumph
heroism.

that is the very If


us we

flower
up

perfume
bead-roll of the

are

making
the who

heroes, let

put of the

at
ours

top

the

names

those
man

quiet
or

friends

have

played
hard

revealed

woman

through

periods

of

THE

WAY

OF

PERSONALITY
to

67
the fine

invalidism of
a

and

have

exhibited

us

glory

courageous

spirit.
hardest and
most

One
to

of

the

difficult features
at

bear and

is the with

to inability

work

one's

former
power.
tribution con-

pace

the

old-time

constructive

The

prayer

of the Psalmist of his life,might Establish the


can

that his work, the be

preserved
of
our

is very hands

touching:
upon
us,

"

thou work be

the work of
our

yea,

hands

establish the cry So mind

thou

it."

What
"

more

tragicthan
the stand

of Othello:
as

My

occupation is gone!"
creative,one
when

long
mains re-

the

hand clear

keeps its cunning and


and
can

physical
power
test

handicap
of mind

and
or

pain, but body


indeed
life
very
ago
was

the

working
the

is threatened, then arrives. much


to to
me

of

faith and
A
man

heroism whose

meant

me

and

whose
me see

intimacy was
many years
met.

precious

made this
test

how
a

wonderfully
great
school. He and He

could

be

He

teacher, the head


was

of

distinguished boys'
the full his work and and
a

experiencing
over

measure was

of success,

his influence

boys
went
was

extraordinary.
on,

realized, as

his dull

that

his

hearing was
went

becoming
to

steadilyfailing. He
a

New

York

consulted

famous

After specialist. the

making
per-

careful

examination

said, with specialist

68

SPIRITUAL
"

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

feet frankness:
can

Your

case

is

hopeless. Nothing
You short
are

be

done

to

check

the disaster.
a

hard
you

of

hearing already, but in


no

very

time
a

will have the teacher I shall He


went

hearing
said:
"

at

all."
you

Without

quaver

Don't

think, doctor, that


when
to
a

hear back

Gabriel's
to

trumpet

it blows!" read
murmur

his

school, learned

lips,

reorganized
his loss of
career
a

his

life,accepted without
sense,
an

major
in

and

finished his

splendid
a

of work and

undefeated
were

and with spirit

grace

joy which
readers in this hard will have

envied

by
of

many

persons

in

possession of
All
my
"

all their powers.

will
game

think of

"

some

star

player

patience and
with
awe

rance, enduence revercorded unre-

and the

watched

and those valor

glorious fight of
who
won

some

of
no

heroes The

but ranks
as

got

medal. scale

only
who

person

who the hero

higher
invalid is

in the

of heroism
person

than

the possibly and and


cares

patiently, lovinglynurses through


years
not

for

some

invalid

of decline

fering. sufa

Generally, though
woman.

always,
upon

it is
to

Not her

seldom
to

she

is called

secrate con-

life
more

the

task, and

often

she

gives
We

what build

is much
no

precious than life


to

itself.
unmur-

monuments

daughters
of married

who

muringly forego

the

joy

who life,

re-

70

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE
to

translations,refers
he

to

the fact that those

whom

is

writing
he says,

have

suffered, and
their have
you

have

suffered
"

the spoiling of joyfully, "that


"
"

possessions,
your
own

ing," know-

you

selves for
a

better

possession

yourselvesare

ter betyou

possessionthan
have lost for
your

any

of those

goods which

faith. realized fully it had


very
we

I wonder
or a

if the readers should

the truth, suffered


to

if

we

to-day realize
We
are

similar

stripping.

slow
are

take keen

account

of that type
our own

of stock. but
we

We

very
to

about this

assets,

often

fail

prize
selves. our-

supreme

ownership, the possession of


is
man
a

There of
an

story, both
who
was
room

sad

and

amusing, looking
When in

insane the

seen

wildly rushing
room,

about

house, from
and

to

cupboards

crawling clothes-presses,

under

beds, obviouslysearching for something.

questioned as
for, he
self!
sure
"

to

what
"

he I

was
am

so

ing lookfrantically
to

replied,
not
we

trying
it
seems.

find I
am

my
not
selves our-

It is that

as

mad
are

as

but
are

who all who


more

not

trying to
still.

find

after

crazy

Old

Burton,
well

wrote
:

The

Anatomy

of

ancholy, Mel-

said
to

"

Men
a

look smith

their will

tools ; look
to

painter will
hammer,

wash

his

pencils;

his

anvil, and

THE

WAY

OF

PERSONALITY his

71

forge;

husbandman

will mend

plow-irons and
will

grind
string un-

his hatchet, if it be his their brains

dull;

musician

string and

lute; only scholars


and

neglect that
which

instrument,

spiritsI

mean,

they daily use."


conditions the
to

Not of
men

scholars
are

only,but

all classes and

guiltyof

this strange should rush


new

insanity.If
to

Duke
us

of Westminster
we

offer with

transfer

his estates,
to

would
our

all conceivable

speed
We the could

acquire
go
as

potentialpossessions.
of
an

would

with

wings

aeroplane to
before into

get

transaction
occur

accomplished

anything
our

to

keep
here
we

us

from
are

entering
which
to
a

fortune. of
a

But

already

within
we

reach
are

vastly better
himself and
so

possession, of
If it
came

strangely negligent.
duke who which could would Emerson
emperors
save

choice

tween be-

his much

outward would If in
a

possessions,this
not

owns

hesitate

ute min-

to

prefer. by
"

crisis of of his health make

illness he

himself

surrender Give
me

goods, they
and
a

instantly go.
said,
"

day,"
of

and

I will

the

pomp

ridiculous."
we

What
do when
too

would

do

in

crisis we
us,
even

often it is

fail
a

to

no

crisis confronts
we

and

fact that win

that better it and

often

miss

and

squander
best way inner
to

ourselves. possession,

The

enjoy

it is

to

cultivate

those

experi-

72
ences

SPIRITUAL and

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

endowments fortune. inherent

which All

make Christ's

us

independent
tach at-

of

external
to
some

beatitudes

of quality
pure,
are

life itself.
"

The
not

meek,
because

the

merciful, the
external
because

happy,"
to

the but

world

conforms
resources

their of life
way

wishes,
within

they
and

have

themselves

have

entered
out

upon

of life which and richer that of the of world

continually opens
life.
"

into
a

more

life

They
"

have

found

kind

of

Canaan One value


the

comes

in continuous
to

instalments.

simplestways
to

heighten the total


of

life is
we

form
here

habit and
no

appreciating
It presents think
:

have

now.

occasional the

inconveniences,
donations axis

doubt, but
come

of

amazing
the

which

to

us

ing the tilthalf degrees


we

of the earth's
to
our

twenty-threeand
which the contrivance

ecliptic by
the

have

seasons; water

fact that

proportion
a

of earth of

and

is

justright to give us
submits of

fine balance

rain and the


so

sunshine; the extraordinaryway


universe
movement to matter to
our

in which

entire
that

mathematics and which


every
we

every

bration vimulate; for-

of

ether

conforms

laws

the accumulation
motor
resources

and

storage
of

of fuel and
even

power, of
space

with
energy

the
to

prospect
be had

greater
the
cupied unoc-

from

surrounding the

earth.

Then,

again,

THE

WAY

OF

PERSONALITY

73

it

cannot
a

be wealth

matter

of

unconcern

that
upon
us

there

is

such

of

beauty lavished
us

where, every-

waiting
a

for

to

enjoy
outer

it.

There and
the

is here inner.

strange
more

fit between
one

the
upon

The

draws much

the
more

beauty
does

of the world
he

and his and

enjoys it,so capacity to


oil may

the and

increase Coal

discover

enjoy beauty.
is that

become The

exhaust exhausted, but beauty is in-

only
of values

trouble

we

are

so

limited
turn to

in

our

range

appreciation of
and miss
so

it. of

We this

cheaper

much

free

giftof

loveliness. still should be


our resources

Greater and
more

of stranger
where

love
or

friendship. Nothing
wonderful for existence than is the law It is easy Love

could
a

be

that in

world

gle strug-

this other
to

trait should

have love

emerged.

explain selfishness; gives, it bestows, asking


it
turns

is the mystery.

forgets itself;it scorns


it it

double-entrybookkeeping;
shares, it sacrifices without
is fact that

whether
out to

thing any-

coming
of this

back. else
"

And
so

be

nothing

enhances

and

increases is
selves." our-

the value

better

possession which

Even
way
we

more

is the wonderful, if that is possible, formed


the

are

and

contrived

to

have
our

tercou inma-

with

Eternal.

With

all

74

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

terial

furnishingswe partake
our

strangely open
of
a

out

into

the God

infinite and has


set

nature. spiritual

in eternity

hearts. hold it

We

cannot

win

this

better
we

possession nor
these

permanently
richest

unless
pand ex-

exercise
our

which spiritual capacities, add made the


us

being
Thou

and

of qualities

life.

"

hast

for

tine thyself,"Augusat

acknowledged
of the
we as

in his great prayer


"

the opening

Confessions and
as our

we

are

restless until
as

find thee

true

rest." Barns and

It is and

true

now

in the fourth

century.

houses, lands
not

and

stocks, mortgages
life unless
one

bonds, do
how
to

tute constipossess

learns

win

and

his soul
"

and

to

keep that best of all possessions

himself.

Ill

THE

GREATEST

RIVALRIES

OF

LIFE

"

After

experience had
are

taught

me

that life

all
are

things which
vain and

encountered I
...

in human

futile. there
was are

at

length determined
was
a

to true

inquire if
good."
who hand
up
to

anything which
the words found of
a

Those
says

great
"

pher philoso-

that he

himself

led

by

the

the

highest blessedness."

THE

WAY

OF

PERSONALITY

75

Not
as

everybody
and

finds the choice


not

of ends carried

so

easy

Spinoza did;

all of

us

are

along
Life
our

into sustained is full of and


up,

unmistakable which tend

blessedness.
to

rivalries
to

divide We

terest inwake

dissipateour

attention.

perhaps, with
from the
"

surpriseto discover that


or

we

are

being carried, by the hand


away

by

the hair,

straight
dom selcasioned oc-

the

highest blessedness."

Not life
are

sternest

tragedies of
Failure shake him
an

human

by
his aim
see

success.

overtaking
and in

one

in

will often
he
was

awake end
success

make

him

that his

pursuing
But issues and is
on

sharp rivalry
dulls the
the

with

highestgood.
other that he

often

vision

for

gives one

specious
"

confidence well." Christ the feast

the

right track
which

and

all's

has

vivid life.
many

parable

touches of
a

upon

rivalries
to

of

It is the

story

great
When

which
moment

guests

are

invited.
comes

the critical rivalries

for the dinner


to

the other attracted the

begin

operate.
"

One

man,
use

by
the
the

his

possessions, begs off,"to


interests of business
to

graphic
with with third

phrase of the original. Another,

occupied
and

complex

busy
A

affairs of trade, prays in the he

be excused.

is immersed married

joys

and

of responsibilities "re-

life and

abruptly dispatches his

76

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
not

IN

DAILY

LIFE

grets."
about carried The
"

It

was

that

they

were

unconcerned that

the

sumptuous

feast, but

they

were

along by
feast

rival interests.

in this the the


our
"

parable plainlystands
highest blessedness
and
crown
"

for of

the

true

good,"
of of

life. full

It

symbolizes

goal
for

of life,the

realization attainment

best

human which
we

the possibilities,
were
a

that

made of
ing amaz-

piring as-

beings.
grace

The the the

invitation

is

mark
has

and that the

recipientof it
feast would

the

clearest
But

evidence there
are

him. satisfy their and rival

other

things with
and business

tractions at-

Possessions life

domestic send
our

pull us

in

contrary
and

direction.

We
the

cards The rivals.


to

of regret

beg off from


lies in

great

feast.

real mistake If
we

treatingthese things as
affirmative
response
us

only knew
invitation other
we

it,an
of

the

great

life would would


we

prepare

for value love.

all the of all

things
own,

and all

heighten the
of all
we

of
not

do, and
remote

Salvation that has of


to

is

some

and world. into

ghostly
It is all the where
"

thing
the

do

with

another
power

infusion and

new

life and

concerns
are.

affairs of
as

this present Christ

world

we

It means,
now

said, receiving
and

hundredfold and

in this time, houses

ren, breth-

sisters,and

mothers,

and

children, and

78
here.

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

Religion does
it does
not

not

rob of the
our

us

of

ests, earthly inter-

stripus
corrects
true

good things of this

world.
us

It
to

only
see

perspectiveand
The
no

ables en-

the

scale of values. the world

ial triv-

and absorb
us

fragmentary things of
us.

longer
to
own

We
us,

refuse
or

now us.

to

allow
see

them

and and

drive
we see

drag

We We

ily things stead-

them

whole. and

discover

through
to

our

higher

contacts

how inspirations

flood the

light back

upon
own,

our

occupations and
how
to to

upon

things we
attitudes but this
a

and

make

these

nate subordiand

things minister
of life. world little
our

the

higher functions
not
now some

We
here

get
and
to

other

world,
and

transmuted ideal We and

raised world item


a

nearer

the

perfect
raised
to

of for

hopes and
increased

dreams.
a

get it back

item

hundredfold,
wise
owner

level. higher spiritual and the the


"

The

of property
not

man intelligent

of affairs will
comes

beg
He
a

off when will say:

great

invitation

to

him.

I have

just come

into

possession of
oxen,

piece of land,
and
so

I have I want learn

bought five yoke of


to
come

therefore that I may channels

to turn

thy divine
all I possess
to

feast into these

how

to

the

of thou

real hast

service

and
me

make
me

things which
way
to

given
and

help

find the

the

highestjoy

blessedness

of life."

CHAPTER

VI

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

THE

CHURCH

OF

THE

LIVING

GOD

We with

have the

all been

asking,

"

What
so

is the weak and


a

matter

Church?

Why
does

is it

fective? ineffluence incare

Why
in
so

it exercise

such

feeble
men
"

the

world

to-day?
and

Why
its mission?

do

little for
no

its message
many
concerns
answers

There but who

are

doubt

to

these It

questions,
:

one

answer

us

here.

is this

We

compose

the God is
to
a

Church

do God

not

sufficiently realize
that the Church which he is he

that

living
the

and

intended works himself. and who but


as a we

be

living body
and of
a

through
which far
away

in

the We

world think in

through
him God in
as

reveals in
space

remote

time,

who ancient

created times

once

and

worked do

wonders
not,
as we

long
think the of air

past,
him is
to

should,
as
near

vividly
to to
us

living reality, flying


bird
or

as

the

the

water
79

the

swimming

fish.

80

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

We

suppose

that is
a

the human

Church

is made

up

of

just

people,
should

and

convenience We be do both
a

for
not
see

getting
as
wc

things done
that and God works This
many the
most

in the it is

world.
to

meant

divine Church

and

man hu-

that

it never

is

properly by

unless

lives in it,reveals himself his work spiritual

means

of it and

in the world

through

it.

truth

of the real Presence

breaks and
was

through
one

of

Christ's evident

great features

sayings
of the

of the
or

experienceof
two

early Church.
three midst
unto
one
"

"Wherever

in all the world


name

shall

gather

in my
am

there with
"

am

I in the

of them." the end

"Lo, I

you

always, even
there
"

of the world."
to

Wherever

is

alone," according
of there
am

the

newly found
Raise the cleave the wood

ing saystone

Jesus,
thou

"

am

with

him.

and there

shalt find me;

and

I."
once

Not

alone

was

the from

early

Church

invaded
as

by

life and The


"

power

beyond
which

itself

at

Pentecost. this in God of


some

consciousness
"

ized character-

upper

room

experience
a
"

was

repeated living
a

degree
came

wherever

Church
a

of the
in

into existence,as

tinyisland
To

sea

surrounding paganism."
meant to

belong
"

to to

the the

Church Lord in

St. Paul

to

be

joined

one

while spirit,"

the

Church

itself in his

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

81

great

phrase
a

is the

body
in

of

Christ

and
that

each

vidual indi-

member
a

particularof
it would
make

body.
we

What rise be of
to

difference

if

could

the

height of St. Paul's


"

expectation and
for We
an

actually
God

builded the We

together Spirit! adjust as


"

habitation

through

try
our

plenty of
message;
we
one

other
we

expedients.
up

popularize
far

take

fads;
of

we

as

can

to

the

tendencies

the

time; but
and that

only
is

thing
the

really works
Church become it
"

after the

all
organ
"

having

of the what
"
"

livingGod,
Paul the
so

and often that

having
calls
worketh I
saw

charged
of

with God

the

power

power

in us."
a

car

wheel

recentlythat
the hot brake and white

had

been

ning run-

many

miles It
was

with

clamped tight
it

against it.
heat in its in
the

glowed

with

and

lightuntil

it seemed

almost Those
were

transparent
Christians

extraordinaryluminosity.
upper
so
room

at

Pentecost

baptized
each
the

with them had

fire
was

that

the whole with heat them.

personalityof
and for light,

of fire came bewas

glowing
all

gone

through
that with and It is
no

They
had

suddenly
who
an

conscious
no

their divine them


a

Leader become
power

longer

visible

visibl in-

presence

living

working Jerusalem

through

them.

wonder

that all

82

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

and

its multitudinous
to

sojourners
that

were

at

once

awakened

the

fact

something
have

novel

had

happened.
Our been controversies controversies
not

which about

divided
out at

us

have

things
at

the

phery, periance vari-

about

realities

the heart and


we

and
are

center. at

We

disagree about
over

baptism,
of

problems
the of

organization,ministry,and
that

ordination, but
the

thing

reallymatters
of

is

depth

conviction, consciousness
and

God,
the

certaintyof Spirit. These


There

communion

fellowship with
and
never
our

experiencesunite
Church. We
are
a

divide.
gaps

is after

all,in spiteof all

and of

chasms,
the We but

only
the

one

It is the with

Church
names.

livingGod.
bear if
we

named

many

sign of

particulardenomination,
the of

belong truly to
the
upon

Church,
the of

then

we

belong
It

to

great
the

Church

living God.
the

is built

foundation
Christ the
an

apostles
the chief
gether, to-

and

prophets, Jesus
in whom into blessed

himself

being

cornerstone,
grows

framed building, fitly in the

holy temple community,"

Lord.

This

is

"

the

the

panding exliving,

fellowship of vital faith, and


promise
"

it has

the
on

of and

the order

future, whether
"

conferences
not,

faith

succeed

or

because

it is

the

Church

of the

livingGod.

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

83

II

THE

NURSERY

OF

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

We

are

coming

more

and

more

to

realize

that

religion attaches
of few
our

to

the We

simple, elemental
shall
not

aspects
it in
"

human
rare,

life.

look
"

for

exalted, and

so-called

sacred
rest to

pects as-

of and and

life,separated off from


to must
a

the

of be it

life real
must

raised vital

place apart.
be rooted
the

Religion
life.
must

in life itself and whole

express

itself

through
should

It should

begin, where
the home, life. The

all effective education

begin, in
of

which

be the nursery

spiritual

Christian

home

is the is

highest product nothing


that
can

of be

civilization; in fact there


called
savage

civilization is
on

where
out

the home of

is absent.
as soon

The
as

his way
a

savagery

he

can

create

home

and

make

family life
"

at

all
our

sacred. great human


room.

The

real

horror there

of
are

the
no

slums

"

in

cities is that

homes

there, but
one

beings
It
"

crowded real

into indiscriminately trouble


or

is the

with

the

"

poor

whites

whether failed

in the South
to

in the North
as
a

that sacred

they
center

have

preserve

the home

of life.

84

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

One

of is

the
to

first services

of

the homes

foreign
among

sionary misthe

help
he

to

establish
to

people whom
the
home

hopes
true

Christianize. of

In short, It determines the is

is the the

unit

society.

what

individual the and

shall be; it Church nation.

shapes

social life; it makes


the
mere

possible;it
A Men
center
a

basis

of

the

state

societyof
and for

individual
each Tor

units

is inconceivable. with
no

women,

self,and
never

holy
either

family life,could
or
a

compose

Church

State. created the home


to
as we

has Christianity

know

it,and
the

that is its of

highest service
heaven
were

the

world, for
if the

kingdom

would

be

realized The the

Christian
knee

home

universal.

mother's

is still the

holiest

place
more

in

world;

and

the home combined shall be. habits of

life determines
what

than the

all influences

the

destiny of
of

boy

or

girl early

The

formation and

and disposition
as

thought
emotions fix the forces

manner

well

as

the
more

damental funto

and

sentiments

do

shape
any

and

permanent

character

than

do

other

in the world.

We

may

well

rejoicein
Christian

the

power

of

the

day Sun-

school, the

ministry, the
the power

secular

the university; but all together school, the college,

they

do

not

measure

up

to

of the homes

86

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

and

culture, and
the world

if it does will drift


on

not

perform

tion its func-

toward

unspeakable

moral

disasters.

Ill

THE

DEMOCRACY

WE

AIM

AT

Democracy
aim; political
issue. and It
must

was

in
now

an

earlier become
not
a

period only only


as
"

it has be

deep religious
in
caucuses

discussed

conventions, but in churches


and
"

well.
has

For been
never

century great
have been

quarter

democracy
and It has

human
very

battle
exact

word,

battle words all the and

definitions. with of

time

charged
a

explosive forces, magic spell on


transitional

it has minds But the


mained re-

produced
word

kind

men's

during this long


fluid and the the ends. The loftiest
coarse

period.
this sometimes sometimes

democracy has, throughout


ill-defined
"

time,

ing expressing serv-

aspirations and
in his

demagogue
aim the of

pursuit of

selfish

goal
was

or

the

early struggle after


of human
terms

democracy
Men

overthrow
of in

ties. inequalibe intrinsi-

were

thought
units
were

of individual
to

.units,and

the

declared

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

87
made that

callyequal.
all had,
or

The

contention
to

was

they

ought
This

have,

the

same

rights and
too,

privileges.
the

equality-notehas,
economic The focus has Men

nated domithe last

social and

strugglesof
been have

seventy-five years.
upon

centered been the

rights and

privileges.
in

thought of, all along, as

individual

units, and

goal
terms.

has

been

conceived is

and political

economic in
many

Democracy
to

still

supposed,
Much

quarters,

be

an

organization of societyin
is still in
secure

which of the of

the units have talk

rights. equal political

concerning democracy
is
a

terms

privileges. It
and chances. social order individual and

to striving

opportunities
of
every
a

The in which

aim

is the

attainment is his

guarantee
shall have

given

to

that

he

full economic

political rights.
not,

I would of these which

in the least,belittle the


or

importance gains
of these

claims,
been

underestimate thus

the human

have

made

far in the direction


But
not

greater

equality and
however form
more

larger freedom. valuable,


the base from and
are

achievements,

enough.
to start

They
the of
"

can

only
for
a

which

drive

genuine
its and
an

adequate type
scheme of

democracy. equality
ever
"

At

best

this

is abstract

superficial.Nobody
achievement of flat

will

be

satisfied with

88

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
can

IN

DAILY

LIFE

equality.

Persons

never

be

reduced

to

geneous homo-

units.
woven

There
very

are

individual human

differences

into the of

fiber of
can ever

life, and
like

no us

type
until learns

democracy

satisfymen
artificial scheme in
more

it gets
to

beyond
with
the

this

and

deal

problem

adequate
such the
nomic eco-

fashion.
A

genuinely

Christian
can

democracy
not

as

soul religious
terms,

is after
nor can

be conceived
content

in

it be

with
want
a

social racy democ-

units of

equalityor
is

sameness.

We

that which

vitally and
and member
can

spirituallyconceived,
irreducible of the
not

recognizes
every

safeguards the

uniqueness of
This
means

social whole.
with

that

we

deal

personal
can

life in think

terms

of

external
an

behavior.

We
of

not

of

societyas

aggregation regard
or

units

sessing pos-

individual
no

rightsand privileges.We
to

shall

longer be
We idea.

satisfied

persons

as

beings

possessingutilitarian
uses.

value

made

for economic the with the mental instruthe

shall We

forever shall

transcend

begin rather
as

alienab in-

fact of
feature that
scope

worth spiritual
life. This

central
mean

of the

personal
has
"

would
or

every
or

person,
range,

however divine
"

humble

limited be

in

to possibilities

ized; real-

is

not

thing

to

be

used

and

exploited,

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION
to

89
until I its

but
true

creation spiritual
nature

be

expanded

is revealed.
every

The
person

democracy
as a

want

will and whole


"

treat

human

unique, sacred,
a

indispensable member
which
ones

of

whole, spiritual
even

remains
"

imperfect if
and

one

of its

little

is

missing; and

its fundamental realization


every

axiom inner
the

will be the liberation life which


race.

of the

is

potentialin
and

member

of

human

On reach
are

the

economic
true

equality level

we

never

the

conception of personal life.


as

Men and

thought
to to

of

units

having desires,needs,
We
are,
on

wants

be satisfied.
a

ing this basis, aimthe

achieve and

condition
are

in which met,

desires,
each

wants,

needs

well his

in which of

dividu inthe in the

contributes
common

share

supplies to
receives

stock his

of economic

values, and
I
am

turn

equitable amount.
a

dealing, on

other

hand, with
not

way

of life which

begins and

ends,
rather and

with
a

material

value-conceptat all,but
in the

with

central

faith

intrinsic worth
every
person

infinite

of spiritual possibilities

in the social

organism

"

democracy

of

spiritual
that

agents.
It is true, all have
"

no

doubt, hands,

as

Shylock said,
dimensions,
"

we

eyes,

organs,

senses,

affections, passions," are

subject to

diseases,"

9o

SPIRITUAL
"

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

and
"

warmed

and
us

cooled
we us

by

summer

and
you

winter."
us

If you

prick
you

bleed, if
we

tickle
so
on.

we

laugh, if
do

poison
wants

die," and
needs. have

We
sider con-

surely have
values. houses. and and We

and
must

We

must

We

food
some

and

clothes of

and

must

have

fair share that is

the earth basement


want
a

its

privileges.
of is that of of

But

only the
we

foundation

real

living,and
with shall

democracy

supremely concerned
the
not

with

the

development

personalityand society.
on a

organization spiritual
make
uses,
our

We basis

estimates
on

of persons

of their animal Christ's

or

the

ground
faith in
a

of their behavior

as are

beings; we

shall live and

work,
man

if

we

in the disciples,

that

is

a essentially

spiritualbeing,
and spiritual, of

world
are

which
committed

is

essentially
to

that
a

we

the

task

awakening
an

like faith in others

and

of

helping
tice practhing some-

realize

of organic solidarity Our rule of

persons

who be

this faith. like the

life would
act

following: to
we

everywhere
we
one

and

always
of
a

as

though

knew

that each

are

members of

community, spiritual
the
that

possessed
the

infinite worth, of irreducible


to

uniqueness,and
whole

pensable indis"

unity of spiritual
is of those who

community
the faith

being continuallyenlarged by
now

and

action

compose

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

91

it,and
human The fellow their

so

in

some

measure

being
a

formed

by

our

effort
most
men

to

achieve

divine ideal.
we can
a

important service
is
to

render real faith


own

our

awaken

in them and
set

in
tential po-

own

nature spiritual to

in their
to

energies,and building the


is treated
as

them

the

task

of

ideal

democracy
and

in which

personality
from
more

sacred

held

safe

tion, violathan and

infringement,or exploitation, and,


that, in which
the divine
we

altogetherrespect
inherent in
our

the worth
as men.

hopes

being

THE

ESSENTIAL

TRUTH

OF

CHRISTIANITY

There
than

are

few
the

questionsmore

difficult is

to

swer an-

question,What
to
answer

Christianity?
the

Every attempt
focus leaves
answer.
"

it reveals

peculiar
it

of interest the main

in the mind

of the writer, but for


a new

question still asking


asketh," and

Always
say

it asketh,

each

answer,

to

the

least,is inadequate. Harnack,


have

Loisy,
swers an-

and

Tolstoy
to

given

three

characteristic Their books


to

the

great

question.
will

are

touched

with

genius and

long

continue

be

92

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

read, but, like the other


the writers One
matter

books, they, too, reveal


solve the central

rather

than

problem.
the whole
to

of the greatest is the

difficulties about

of deciding where difficulty traits of

look

for
to

the be

essential

Christianity.Are
Are Are of St. Paul?

they
they

found

in the

teaching of Jesus? hope?


creeds Are

revealed embodied

in the in the in the

message

they
hibited ex-

Messianic

they

primitive apostolic Church?


in the

Are

they
Are

set

forth

great
in the

of

orthodoxy?

they expressed
Are of the

imperial authoritative
in the Protestantism This how in
on

Church?

they to
modern

be discovered

world?

catalogue complicated
any
one

of the

preliminary questions shows subjectreallyis.


lines would be one-sided
can we we

To of

start

of
at
a

these

to necessity

arrive

partialand
Nowhere

answer.

find pure have

and

tianity; unalloyed Chrisand combined


to

always
with The creeds

it mixed
or

something else, more


contain
a

less

foreign
of

it.

larger

element

Greek The it is

philosophythan
Messianic
"

of the pure is far


more

gospel. original Jewish


than

hope
The

Christian."

imperial authoritative
the and of

Church Roman fused


pagan

is

Christianityinterpreted through
merged
customs

genius for organization and


with the

age-long faiths

and

94

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

manifestation

of

Christ

through
and who the God

many

lives the

and

through

many

groups

through
have

spiritual by him.
of God

achievements

of all those

lived

Christianity is, thus,


through personal life
St. Paul the first and
to
"

revelation

humanly

revealed.
were

the writer reach this

of the Fourth

Gospel
in

profound insightinto plainlysuggested


in the and

its fuller
some

meaning, though
of the of heart of the the

it is

sayings of Jesus
Pauline
as

pentecostal experiences
It is the
very

first Christians. and the

Johannine
look

ity. Christianto

Important
in both these

is the backward

Jesus
mistakably un-

writers, the central


the

emphasis is

upon

inward

visible experience of the inis the

Christ. spiritual in the Fourth

This Greater

expectation
these This Paul

Gospel:
the the

things than
upon you.

shall ye do when is the


says,

Spiritcomes
secret

mystery,
Christ

of the

gospel, St.

in you. is right clew, Christianity


not
nor a

If this is the
new

law,
of of

nor

an

institution,nor
nor
a

creed,

body
type

doctrine,

millennial of

hope.
The

It is
most

life, it is

way

living.

essential of God

thing about
into in the human midst of

it is the fact of the incursion

life, the
of

revelation
the
new

of

the

eternal which

time,

discovery
character.

it

brought

God's

nature

and

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

95
to

We truth

nowhere of

else

come

so

close
we

the the

essential life and

Christianityas
The and transcends and the
so

do

in
at

experience of Jesus.
floods the
what
over

life the

every

point
He is of
man hu-

teaching.
of God

most

complete
called
even

adequate
incursion is the of God of is God,

exhibition into

I have

life,but end, of
"

he

beginning, not through


God
so
"

the

the

revelation

ity humanand
as

the

Christ-revelation of God

this he is

Christ-revelation
at

far

all Some

adequately known.
persons

talk

as

though God
up

were

kind of

of

composite Being, got by adding


order,
as

the

God

the natural and He


the

the

God

of the Old whom in

Testament,

God

Father
to

about

Jesus taught.
some

is, according

this scheme, of

way

compound
11

aggregate

infinite power, love. and Sometimes

ible irresistone

justice,and
attribute
"

eternal

is

predominant,
some
"

sometimes
way

other, an-

wrhile in

mysterious
get
to

all the This

sonant disis

attributes

reconciled."
upon.

surelyboggy ground unique


time revelation
race

build

I Christianityis essentially, of God. that Here God


stream

should for

say,

the

first

the with

discovers

identifies himself of it, is suffering sin and

humanity,
us,

is in the

with

is in moral

conflict with

96

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

evil, is conquering through the travail and


of finite persons,
heart
texts

edy tragand No truth. there of he

and of
prove
to

is

in eternally,

mind

and

will, a God
"

triumphing
"

Love.

adequately
cannot
"

this

mighty
The

We
are

tie it down
"

"

sayings,"though
it.

sayings
the

which

declare

life which

Jesus,
him truth his way

supreme

decisions the

through

expresses

his purpose,

which spirit

dominates
the that

and

guides

his God

decisive
meant

actions, make
that kind
to

plain that

him

and

of life revealed all the

that

of God. of history
ous tortu-

Through
and
course

fusions

and

confusions

through all the vagaries of man's


since the Church

began
gone
on

to

be

built,

Christ truth
power

as

eternal
God this of God

has Spirit and

revealingthis making
of

about of

demonstrating the victorious


of life. The
a

way

kingdom

in the

world, the spread of the


of the

the expansion brother-spirit, the increase the life of of

love-method,
and
ice, serv-

cooperation,sympathy,
incursion these the
are

continued
the

of the the

divine

into the
now

human,

things

and of of

always
God.

which

indicate the

and vitality

progress

and Christianity,

uninterrupted revelation

Always,
truth

in every of

period

of

history, the
be

tial essen-

must Christianity

revealed

and

AGENCIES

OF

CONSTRUCTION

97

expressed adapted
in
a

in and
to

through
It
or

medium

not

altogether working
has
and
at

it.
more

is

always
alien

living
to

and It

world

less

it.

any

stage achieved which and


must

only
in it
ever

partially
a

realized
way
means

its

ideal,
the

only

fragmentary
It

goal

toward

is

moving.

endless
unwon

conquest
It
must

fresh for
us

winning
all faith
a a

of

victories.
a

be
a

vision
and

and

venture,

it the

be time

thing
it

of

forecast.
sense,

At

same

is, in

very

real
has

experience
into
power.
are.

and

achievement. Love is
as

God revealed
a

entered

humanity.
Grace

has
much

its

redeeming
as

reality

mountains
not

The

kingdom
believe,
eternal his

of
as

God
sure

though
as

all

in

sight yet
The

is,

gravitation.
in
the

invisible,
ing revealin
a

Christ,
will in

living
moral
am

soul

of

man,

and

spiritual
as

victories

personal
fact
as

lives, is, I

convinced,
But
we

genuine
see

electricity
means

is.

shall the

all

that

Christianity
of the

only
of
God

when

living totality humanity


is

revelation

through

complete.

CHAPTER

VII

THE

NEAR

AND

THE

FAR

THINGS

PRESENT

AND

THINGS

TO

COME

Anaxagoras
ago

said
are

twenty-five cutting

hundred

years

that
a

men

always
William
says

the

world
in
one

in of

two

with

hatchet.

James,
the the life
same

his that

living phrases, everybody


We all

with

import
It alternative into is

dichotomizes
to

cosmos.

so.

incline We

bisect

into

sibilities pos-

split
show
a

realities kind We and of


are

opposing
for
to
use
an

halves.
"

We
"

fascination
prone

either-or

selection.

the with

principle
one

of of
a

parsimony,
dilemma.

to

be

content

side of
to

History
from which

presents
one was

titude mulposed sup-

dualistic
make

pairs
his

individual this the


reason;

selection. world and the sacred and

There the flesh and


next

was

the

choice the here

between and and

world;
the

yonder;
the the

and the
many

spirit; faith
the

secular;

outward

and
98

inward,

THE

NEAR

AND

THE

FAR
"

99

more

similar

alternatives. leaves and

This

either-or

"

method
It makes

always

its trail of leanness


narrow

behind.

life thin

where
every
as

it
case

might
it is
a

be

rich and
as

broad, for in almost


have
to
a

just
to

possibleto
both his
as

whole
an

to

have

half,

take

select

alternative.

St. Paul

found

Corinthians

bisecting their
to
one

spiritual
or

lives and

narrowing

their interests of them would

two

One possibilities.
as

choose
then
see

Paul
no

his

representative of the truth and


in the Another all the
"

value

which interpretation attached rich


"

Apollos
to

had

to

give.
missed of
as

himself

Apollos
Paul.

and

contributions the and


come

of

Some

the the

saints

of

Church

selected

Cephas
breadth been

only oracle,
would
have
a

they
to

lost all the them had

which able
to

they
half

make called

synthesisof
them from He told have
or

tRe

opposing
divided
that
"

aspects.
to
a

St. Paul

their them

completed
"

whole.
"

instead

of

either-or
yours;

they could
whether
or

both.

All
or

things

are

Paul

Apollos,
or

Cephas,

or
or

the world,

life,or
all is

death,
are

things present
and This
ye
are

things
of for

to

come,

yours;

Christ's method wholes


"

and

Christ

God's." is the

is

the of
an

synthesis.
"

This

substitution both for

halves, the
alternative.

proffer of

either-or

ioo

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

That
one,

last
many

pair

of

alternatives make their

is

an

interesting
of the

and

persons

choice bisecting

of

life there.
on

One
near,

well-known
the here and
to
sun

type
now,

person

focuses present.
to

the

things
pose pro-

Those make

who

belong
the

this

class

hay

while

shines. have
near.

They
tors docTheir

glory
lenses

in

being practical. They myopia.


not

what

call

They

see

only the
the
remote.

will
in

adjust for
returns

They
have

lieve be-

quick
Those

and the
other

bank type
are

upon

practical opia, presbyto


are

results.
or

of

far-sightedness. They
remote,

dedicated

the

far-away,the
rainbows for of the their

the distant

yonder.
ideals. that of

They

pursuing
so

and

They

are

eager

millennium
street
us

they forget
the

the

problem Browning
types:

and
a

present
both

day.
these

has

given

picture of

"

Thar Sees This

low

man

seeks does

little

thing to do,

it and
man,

it:
a

high
ere

with knows

great it.

thing to

pursue,

Dies

he

That His This

low

man

goes
soon

on

adding
hit:
at
a

one

to

one,

hundred's

high

man,
an

aiming

million,

Misses

unit."

-02

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

fied world. the social

Another millennium

group

is

so

concerned discount the

with sons lesdom wisof and exist


men.

that

they
of

of the past, the message of

the history,

experience,and
abstract of
a

flyto
human

the useless

task

constructing
dreams
a

paradises
which
ceased could
to

world-kingdom
where is
come,
a

only
and

in

realm
we

men

had

be

What

want to

synthesisof things present


a

things
the of

union

of the

the

practical, ties possibiliglory


in

tested of

experience of prophet
human who

life and
sees

inspired vision
the

unfolding
to

life raised

its fuller

Christ, the incarnation

of the way

of love, which

always

has

worked, is working

now,

and

always

will work.

II

TWO

TYPES

OF

MINISTRY

Most
think. and

people They

like

to

be

told what their


no

they already
own

enjoy hearing
and which have

opinions
are

ideas
as

promulgated,
the
ones

amens

so

hearty
ment

greet

the

reannounce-

of views natural

we

already held.
is that

The

result

speakers
want.

are

apt

to

give their

hearers

what

they

They

take

THE

NEAR

AND

THE

FAR

103

the
arouse

line

of

least

resistance of the

and

say

what

will

the enthusiasm

people

before
are

them,
ular pop-

and

they
at

get

their

quick reward.
is
a

They
tide of

once.

There
to

high

emotion

as

they proceed
demand. main

tell what

everybody present
find themselves
in

already thinks,
great
The

and

they
with

soon

trouble

such It
a

an

easy

ministry

is that it isn't worth


to

doing.
arouses

accomplishes next
tion pleasurableemowere

nothing.
and

It

merely
lives

leaves
not

where

they
were

before.

And

yet

quite where
and

they

either,for the

constant

repetitionof things we
deadens
the
power

already
will and

believe

dulls the mind rather


an

weakens It is

than

strengthens the
for

of life.

easy

ministry both prophet


has

speakers and
both. different

hearers,

but

it is ominous

for them
a

The
cannot
an

very

task. He

He

give people
believes be

what

they want.
to

is under what take his lines

unescapable compulsion
to true.

give

them

soul of

He
must cannot

cannot

least

resistance; he
current. must to
amens

wTork

straight up
for

against the
effects; he

He

work his

quick
and fore. behis

slowly
see

educate

people
not
come seen

compel them
The

what
are

they have
slow for
to

very

to

words,

and

he

cannot

look

emotional

thrills.

104

SPIRITUAL
must

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

He the

risk all that


as

is dear himself

to to

himself, except
his

truth,

he

sets

task, and

he he

is bound
can

to

tread

lonely wine-pressesbefore
of his soul
two

see

of the
age

travail has

and

be of

satisfied.

Every

these

types
familiar.
to

ministry.
There
are

They

are

both

ancient who
are
are

and

always
wanted,
who

persons

satisfied
to cater to

give

what

is

who

glad

popular
there
are,

taste, too,

like the
a

quick
souls task.
men

returns. to

But who

always
the

few

be found

volunteer the than


amens

for and have

harder

They
to
see

forego
farther

patientlyteach
seen

they

before.

Their
me

first
to

question
be

is not,

What

do

people
which and
move

want

say? but,
to

What heard

is God's

truth me?
not

to-day ought

through

knowing
their
not

that, they speak.


as

They
type
miss

do

hearers
so

the

other and
are

does;
the

they
about their

do

reach
"

many,

they

popular by

rewards
a

but

they

compassed
as

great
for

cloud the

of witnesses

they fight
have their

battles

truth, and

they
is

joy.
But
not

this is

not

quite all
teach the the old.

there

to

say.

It is

possible to
with
true.

new

without effectively

linkingit up
not

The fresh does

wholly
truth
not

new

is generally
out

New,

emerges

of

ancient

experience; it

drop

like

THE

NEAR

AND

THE

FAR

105

shooting prophets ground,"


understood in the the the

star

from

the

distant lived

skies. close
"

The
to
ear

great
ple. peo-

in all ages have


use a

have
not

the
to

They
to

had

their

the have lived

political phrase, but they


heart. of life.

the

human

They They
and

have have have

great in

currents

heard felt

going

the forth

mulberry
of the union

trees,

breaking
sound

cause dawning light just be-

of their double All The he He


not

with

men

and this

God.

pedagogy
teacher learned knits
on

recognizes
the
to
new

principle.
which familiar.

good
wishes
takes

material old and

the

his student

forward

by gradual stages,
he

by leaps and
unknown
some

bounds, and

binds

the known

and

together by belong
to

rational

not synthesis,

by
more

strange,
we

foreign, magical glue.


to

The

wish
our

to

the and
we

prophet-classand
greater shall

to

raise

hearers

new
more

levels of
strive been
to
vealed, re-

truth

and

insight,the
the
saturate

understand
to

truth

that

has

already
it, to

ourselves those have


we

with immense lived

fuse and

kindle which

our
men

lives with in past


ages
can

realities and

by

conquered.
and take

So, and
others
to
sea
new

only
forward

so,

go
to
new

forward

with

us

experiences and
never was on

discoveries land.

of the

lightthat

or

106

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

III
" "

WE

HAVE

SEEN

HIS

STAR

Every
the heart

time
renews

the

Christmas its

anniversary returns,
in the be and
too

youthful joy
We
cannot

thrilling
ful thank-

stories of the for the which touch

nativity.
and

and poetry inspiration

imagination
of
our
ligious re-

glorify every
Some
to

aspect and the


"

faith.

dull that
we

leaden-minded real
"

pedants
is the

appear
we our can

think

Christ
struction con-

person

get when

take, for the


those facts

of him and
a

figure,only
be We

about

which

historically, rationalistically,
are

verified. critically

thus

reduced
"

to

few

ideas, a religious
of events, that

little group

of

sayings,"
of the

tiny body
the

which
followed.

explain none
The real

immense
on

results

Christ,

contrary,

is this rich, wonderful, whose


or

ous, mysteriaroused
came

baffling person
even

life

was

vastlygreater
who all who in with

than wonder

his

deeds

his words, of

the

and

imagination

contact

with

him, who
fused in

touched

everything
with

emotion, and
and

religionforever
a

poetry

feeling. He,
"
. . .

very

true

sense,

touches Till

all things common,


to

they rise

touch

the

spheres."

THE

NEAR

AND

THE

FAR

107

Not

only
of
a

over

the

manger,

but
the

over

the of
on

entire
star.

story
It is
earth

his

life, hovers
will
not

glory
down

the the

life that
mere

stay

dull

of

fact; it always rises into the region


and

of idealism

beauty.

It

always
We

transcends
a

the

things of sight and


which
or a

touch. in

have

religion
doctrine

cannot

be

confined

system
too

of

code for

of ethics; it that. It

partakes

intimatelyof
a

life

is, like its Founder,


in
as

full

rounded and

rich reality,
as

inspirationand
in intellectual
wanes

emotion ideas and

wonder,
When

well the

truth.

star

and
our

imagination
hands of

falls away,
the

and of
a

we

hold

in

thin

only

husks
over.

dead

system,

the power

religion

is

The

same

thing is

true

of the

cross.

Its power

lies in the do
not want

fullness and
to

richness

of the
to

reality. We
to

reduce

it,but
as
a

raise it of

its full

meaning
The

and

glory
of from
men

way

complete quite the


and

life.
tainly cer-

direction
not

present-day Christianityis Calvary,


are

away

but

posite. op-

The
to

who

in these formalism in the

days trying
dition traa

deliver find

our

religionfrom
less

not

meaning
but

cross
more.

than The

former
atonement

generation did,
remains
in
at

vastly
as

the center,

it has

always
to
re-

done,

vital

Christianity. All

attempts

108

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

duce of

to Christianity

dry
have

and

bloodless of the

system
left It is their

philosophy, with
fail
now as

the

appeal

heart

out,
a

they

always merely
doubt,

failed.

Savior

that

men,
"

tangled in their sins and


not
a

sorrows,
or a

still want great teacher.

great

thinker

The

Church the

has,
idea of

no

far

too

much God
as

neglected
Christ hosts of

the
sermon

kingdom
and do
not

of

expounded

it in

parable, and
at

prominent
this then

Christians

stand all underthe

what Master
meant

great,
and of the

central
means

teaching of
now.

His

forming trans-

revelation been
rather

nature

of God still hold

has,

too,

missed than

by multitudes,
Christian of the

who

Jewish
But

conceptions of
of

God.

patientstudy
ideas books and into the abound luminous.

gospel is slowlyforcingthese
men

thought
now

everywhere,
his

and

which

make

teaching clear
else

What that
as

is needed shall
not

above lose any


we

everything
of
our

now

is

we

vision
our

of Christ

Savior, and

that

shall live
cross

lives in his
we

presence.

It is
to

through the

that

touch that
the
we
tainty cer-

closest feel
our

the Savior-heart, and lives most

it is here

powerfully moved
nature.

by

of his divine but


one

Arguments
this

may

fail,
Suf-

who

looks

steadilyat

voluntary

no

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

shall henceforth

discover

that

we

are

not

to

think

of

God

as

Sovereign royal
time of in

not
"

Being
must

yonder,
think He is of

enjoying
him eternal with all

his

splendor.
terms

We of Christ. We with who all the

the

an

Lover

our

hearts. him mothers into

pierce
our

him

our

sins;
He

we

wound

ness. wicked-

suffers,

as

love

suffer,
deeps
to

and of

he

enters

vicariously striving
says:
to

tragic
home

our

lives,

bring

us

him.

Jan

Ruysbroeck

"

You if

must

love hold then

the fast

Love

which
his

loves
he

you

everlastingly,
you

and

you

by
is
yours.

love,
The

remakes of

by
breathes and

his

Spirit,
into This
out

and and

joy
you

Spirit
in
rest

God

you,

breathe

it

out

and

joy
life
we

love. breathe

is

eternal air that

life,
is
in

just
us

as

in

our

mortal

the

and

breathe

in

fresh

air."

CHAPTER

VIII

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

THE

RELIGIOUS

SIGNIFICANCE

OF

DEATH

The

Greeks

had

their of

story
a man

of who

Tithonus,
could
not

deeply
die, but
until envied
to

significant myth
who
grew
ever

older

and

more

decrepit
and the
power

the

tragedy
"

became
men

unendurable
that have

he

those

happy

die."

Methuselah's but and it is full of

biography pathos:
years
to
"

is He

brief
lived he

and nine died." has little

compact, hundred There invented bell that


every
was

sixty-nine
more

and

nothing
a

add. which

Somebody
strikes
to
a

radium second and

motor

is warranted
years.
seem

go

on

doing

for

thirty
and
row

thousand tedium

The much

Methuselah like that with


the

monotony
seriatim

thin
no

of
no

items.

It

just
and

goes

on

novelty relieving
What
a

and

cumulation,
is it

finally
"
"

one

novelty happy
fact

introduced
was

he

died."

The

wandering

Jew

in

ii2

SPIRITUAL
out

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

stands saddest
on.

in

imaginative
men
"

fiction who
a

as

one

of

the

of all

being
seems

endlesslygoes gentle,gracious
of
ending un-

The

angel
when

of death
one
on

messenger

thinks in and
a

of the prospect one-dimensional

life, going
with
no

series,
of
pansion. ex-

new

values To
many

no

fresh the

powers

persons

idea

of

heaven

is

simply
death

an

expanded

Methuselah

biography.
the
ago

Biologistshave
that its is
an

completely reversed
enemy.

theory
taken
"

It has of us."
"

long

place in
that

the
are

system
for has

teleology,among
Death
a

the

things
has

has, beyond

question, and played


an

had,

natural in

utility." It
from forms that ings of be-

important
type
to

role the

raisinglife complex
amoeba the

the low of
never

unicellular

rich
"

higher organisms,
dies of old that have
"

from
to

age

the

new

dynasty
scope,

greater do die. Death

range

and

but which in his striking

nevertheless
essay
on

Edwin
"

Arnold
:

says

The

lowest

living
died!

thing, the Protamceba,


It is
a

has

obviously never
which the

formless

film of

protoplasm,
and and

plies multi-

by simple division;
any

specimen under
derive, in
which
of
our

microscope derives,
existence from
ago.

must

unbroken
and

the amoeba The the slime

moved
est near-

fed

forty aeons

puddle lived before

Alps

were

made

"

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

113

Methuselah

was

mere

child

in

perambulator
of celltype of cells entire

compared
In
cases

to

an

amoeba. the
a

where

continued and

process

division of
took

produced
a

lowered form

weakened

amoeba

rudimentary
resulted

of union

place, which

in

raising the
the

level of life and order


up
to

eventuallycarried
new

biological
that
an

wholly
"

So possibilities. of death
more

the threatened increase is


a

approach
It is of

was

met

with

of life.

probable
the than
that

that death gist, biolo-

consequence

life,"says
"

famous the

Edward is
a

Cope,
of the
case

rather

living

product
in any
us

* non-living."

But

the

testimony
of

of

biology
has
as

can
a

give

little in

help.

Even

if death

had
seems

function

the in
no

process

evolution,
the situation

that likely,

way

eases

when

the

staggering blow
removes
was

falls into it
an

our

precious circle personal


assisted of cold

and

from

intimate
us.

life that
fort com-

indispensableto
to

It is poor, has

be told that death in the

through

the

long

aeons

slow

process

heightening the
more

if there entire scale of life,

is

nothing
one

to

say

regarding
bark
has

the

future
gone
to

of this dear wreck. of brute We

whose

frail

now

must

somehow discover

rise above
1

the
Factors

level

facts

and

Primary

of Organic

Evolution,

p.

483.

ii4

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

some

which spiritualsignificance before


we

death
any

has
source

vealed, re-

can

arrive

at

of

comfort. Claudio
as
a

We that
"

are

all

agreed with Shakespeare's


horrible
"

'tis too

to

think

of death

sheer

terminus:
know where
to

"... To This A To In To And The

to

die and

go

we

not

lie in cold sensible

obstruction, and
warm

rot;

motion the

to

become

kneaded bathe

clod; and

delightedspirit
to

in fiery floods, or

reside

thrillingregions of rock-ribbed
be

ice; winds,
round

imprisoned in the viewless


with restless violence

blown

about

pendent has has

world."

Death
as

undoubtedly brought perhaps


and its
no

to

ness, conscious-

other

experience, the
life.
cerns con-

deeper meaning
This and
us so

of personal significance is what


"

not
now.

biologicalfunction
been
"

It has

said

that

freedom,"

far
man

as

it is achieved,

is the main
be

achievement

of
to

in the that
so

past."
man's has

I should main
to

inclined rather
on

hold

achievement discover
an

the

planet

far

been

that

personal
and the

life reveals
possesses

within

itself

absolute

value

unmistakable

capacity to
an

transcend

finite and
1

temporal,
Value and

experience which

makes
p. 320.

Bosanquet,

Destiny of the Individual,

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

115

freedom
more

possible.
any

I believe

death

has

ministered
us

than

other

singlefact
to

that

confronts

in We

bringing
cannot,

those of

truths

clear

consciousness. death and


arate sep-

course,

dissociate

it from which world wrould


are

struggle and danger, pain,suffering,


up

bound essentially
to
once

with

it.

If death the

the it

were

be

freed

completely from
from altered be condition

at

ipso facto be freed by the


a same

ger dangle strug-

of it and would likewise and


to

large degree
other great culminate

eliminated, and
of life
"

those

tests

pain
These

suffering,which
are

in death.
"

things
but of

all

perilous incidents
which transcends

of

finiteness,
is

finiteness

itself and To

allied these this makes and

to

something beyond itself.


would be
to

eliminate of

things
strange

miss
nature

the of
so

discovery
ours

finite-infinite
a

which

life such wonder.

venture
we

and been

full of mystery

If

had of the

only

naturalistic

beings, curious
occurred, death

bits

earth's

crust

merely
as

capable of recording the empirical facts


would
more

they
series with

have
event
as

taken in
a

an

tant unimpor-

place as
of
a

one

successive

phenomena.

Built

we

are,

however,

beyond
entire

within

ourselves, the fact of mutability


occasioned of
a

and
our

mortality has
estimate

transformation has led


us

of the

life and

by

n6

SPIRITUAL
to

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

hand

Pisgah
had

view been

which
no

we

should of

never

have into

got
our
"

if there world. It is
a

invasion

death

venerable Oxford

commonplace,"
has

as

Professor
among

Schiller

of

said,
which

"

that

the

melancholy
from the

prerogatives
animals

distinguish man
a

other
on

and

bestow

deeper significa
man

human the
on

life is the doom this that


account

fact that

alone

is

aware

of

terminates lives
a

his
more

earthly ual spiritof the him

existence, and life, in


'

the

ineffable
'

consciousness overshadows with

sword

of

Damocles

which

and

weights his lightest action

port. gigantic imineluctable


as

Nay,

more;

stimulated and

by
of has
to

the

necessityof facing death,


face it with
to

living so
not

to

fortitude,
nerveless has

man

abandoned

himself

inaction,
the

pusillanimous
he has

despair;
cherished of the
a

he the

conceived he has

thought,
the

hope,
the

embraced and the

belief,
to

life

beyond

grave,

opened king
of

his soul
terrors

religionswhich
and of

baulk him

of

his victims the fear

defraud has

of his

victory. Thus,
and
nobled en-

death

been belief

redeemed,
in

by
belief from their

the

consoling
none

immortality, enough
to

which moral

are

base
even

hold withdebil-

homage,

though

the

n8

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

view
more

of survival, built
or

on

actual

experiences, was
No the further
tions constructo

less

incapable of
be

advance. and

knowledge

could

acquired

fashioned
"

by imagination, in
and circumstance
an
"

reference

the

scenery

of the

departed
These

soul, could
constructions and man's it.

satisfy only
were,

uncritical mind. often of crude and

too,

bizarre,

tended, in the
moral
But
guess

hands

priests,to
than
to

hamper
further
ous moment-

development
case man

rather had
not

in any that

made

the

death

did and of

utterlyend
as

him

or

his

career.

Poor world

thin

this

dimly
hope
the of

ceived con-

future
have
was

primitiveman's
Professor

may

been, the

effect psychological

hope
Shaler when

by

no

means was

negligible.

of he
"

Harvard
wrote:

probably speaking truly


seek

If

we

should

some

one

mark,

which
to man,

in

the

intellectual denote well the he when stage

advance the
passage

from
to moment

the brutes the human when


was

might might
upon

side, we
it dawned
a

find it in the
nascent
man

that
turn to

death
to

mystery
the
ent presa

which time

had
man

in

his

meet.

From
to

began
his

face

death there

the

of

development
hand,

has

been of
on

continuous fear

struggle between
on

the

motives valor

sonal per-

the

one

and

the

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

119

other. the work

That of

of fear has been


the

constantlyaided by
For
one

imagination.
been
scores

fact

of
to

danger there have


come

of fancied

risks

from of
men

the

unseen

world.

Against
tended
one

this great

host bear

imaginary ills,which
down,
valiant

utterly to
"

they had

but

helper

their

of spirit

self-sacrifice for the their


state,

good, of their
race, or,

family, their clan,


the It marked when

their
"

in

climax, for the Infinite above.


a

still greater
came

intellectual
to
was

advance
clusion con-

primitive man
not

the
a

immense

only
must

that meet,

death but

mystery
was a

which

he that

in

turn

that

he

being

would

survive

death. in another field that


we

It is, however, look the


may

must

for the

most

results from important spiritual of

contemplation
call the contended

death, that

is in what I

we

field of that

spiritual values.
man's

have

already
was

greatest
value

discovery
of moral in the has there

his

discovery of
Of of the it

the

absolute it
came

personality. development everybody


came

course,
race

late fairly

and But

by
at

no

means

made

yet!

any

rate

a
man

time

somewhere discover

in the process
a

of

history
himself,

when

did

beyond

within

Shaler, The

Individual,

p.

194.

120

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

greater

inclusive finite

self

present

within
as
a

his

own

fragmentary,
for

revealed spirit,
or

passion
a

perfection not
baffled and

yet attained
of

experienced,

prophesying
often has
us

consciousness defeated

eternitywithin
No

his
one

temporal life.

expressed the fact of this inner beyond within


better than old Sir Thomas
"

Browne
are
men

did and
we

in the know
can

seventeenth
not

century:
there is

We

how;
us

something
be
no

in

us

that

be it is

without strange before There

and

will

after

us,

though
what in
us.

that
us,
nor

it hath
can

history
of

of

it
.

was

tell how

it entered

is that

surely a piece
was

Divinity in
elements
and

us,
owes

thing some-

before the Sun."

the

not

homage
The the

unto

sublimityand
of the the
awe

grandeur revealed
the

in nature,
the

majesty

of mountains,
ocean,

might
of the

of seas, the
sun

mystery
stars,

the

glory

and

inspired by
own

thunderstorm,
him
own

awakened conscious

man's of soul.
a

spiritand
grandeur

made

dimly
swering an-

kindred The

in his
was

greatest
to

step of all
and

taken

when love.

man

awoke
some

the
sense

meaning
love evolution

value

of
the

In

dim
man.

preceded
of
a

emergence

of
a

The
as

mother

and far

of back

father,
in forms

Drummond of life below

showed,
man.

began
But the

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

121

type
raised
an

of

love

which

transcends

instinct,which
is transmuted

is into

above

sex-assertion, and

unselfish

appreciationof
character wonderful
"

the

beauty and
of love

worth is
one

of of

personal
the
most
on our

that

type
that

flowers

has it the

somed yet bloswas

Igdrasiltree
come,

of life and
on

late

and

slow

to

like

flowers

century-

plant.
When loved death death death broke in and

separated
the whole urgent
one.

those

who of

in this great
at
once

fashion
an

problem
In
as

became
attention

fact
the

received values

in
to

proportion
be realized.

higher

of life

began

Walt mate estiand trayed beend

Whitman's

fieryoutburst
of then end

reveals

clearlyhis
"

of the worth

personality.
alarum said
! for
"

If
we

rats
are

maggots
"
"

us,

he

might

have

if microbes

us."

Emerson's

poignant outcry
"

of soul is found
"

in his greatest

poem

"

"

Threnody

"

There's There's Which And And And O O

not not

sparrow

or

wren,

blade

of

autumn

grain,
not

the

four

seasons

do

tend

tides of life and


every

increase

lend;

chick
and

of every

bird,
is preferred.

weed

rock-moss

ostrich-like loss of

forgetfulness!
the less!

larger in

122

SPIRITUAL
Was No
No

ENERGIES
star

IN

DAILY

LIFE

there watcher

no

that could

be sent,

in the

firmament,
countless the host

angel

from

the

That Could

loiters round
stoop
sweet to

crystalcoast,
only child,
undefiled,
of the
were

heal marvel

that

Nature's And

keep the blossom


all her
harvests

earth,
not

Which

worth?"

No

such
as

was high revolt of spirit was


a mere

occasioned

so

long

death
one

biologicalevent,
for another.
the

minating ter-

life
means

to

give room
the

This infinite
now

cry

of

soul

discovery of
life.
a new

preciousness of
turns

personal
takes
man

The

mind

in

on

itself and
as a

account
to

of

its the
was

stock, and

result in
an

began

solve He

problem
no

of

death

enlarged
a

way.

longer satisfied with


his

form

of

survival
and
must
as

based
cination; hallu-

upon

experiencesin dreams,
he
came

trance

to

feel

that

he

have
a

destiny which
He finds within

fitted his himself

worth spiritual

man.

intimation

of powers for
same
seen

and gle strug-

possibilities beyond
of which life here. carries him

those He
out

required
by that
the

the

feels

insight
to to
a tional ra-

beyond
that

faith in the

unseen

is necessary

plete com-

it,that this little arc


revelations of

of

earthly life with


and

its

value spiritual

its transcend-

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED
must

MYSTERY

123

ent

prophecies of
in
a

more

find fulfillment rounds it


out

where some-

form

of

life that

full

circle. The argument


as some

does doubters

not

build have

on

passion
We do it.

of

desire,
assume

said.
we

not

immortality just because


upon

want

It

rests

the

moral

consistencyof
character moral of The

the the

universe,
eternal
are

upon
nature

the of

trustworthy
things.
in

values

which

revealed
as

fully developed personality are


much the
a

tainly cer-

real, as
or

fact of the of

universe,
If
we

as

are

the tides
upon upon
we our

orbits

planets.
these

can

count

the

continuityof
the

occurrences

and
can

predictions of them, just as


on

surely
is

count to

consistencyof
there is

the

universe
servation con-

in reference of

values. spiritual
at

If there least of
pass
as

matter

good
ues. valthe and

ground
If slender
can

for

affirming conservation
life
can

moral
over

biological bridge
with of
a

microscopic germ-plasm
over

carry

itself
and
tone

that

feeble
curve

bridge the
of
nose

traces

of habit

feature, the
of
some

and

the emotional and


count

far-off dead of the past, may of


that

ancestor,
we us even

all the
upon
us

heredity gains
the that permanence

not

in is

which
now

allies
the

to

infinite

Spirit who
of all
we
see

invisible environment

and

touch?

124

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
matter
us.

IN

DAILY

LIFE
"

It is
that

not

of It
"

reward
not
we
"

or

of

"

wages

concerns
"

is

happy
not

isles
"

"

or

care-free
streets stress want
"

Edens

that

seek,
to

golden
for the We ask of
the
ours

and

endless

comfort

make here

up

and
to

toil of the lean years find the

below.
we

whole

of

ourselves,

of seeing this fragmentary being privilege unfold


powers.
strenuous

into The and


want
acts

the

full
new

expression of

its

gifts and
more

period
than

may

be
one

even

hazardous the that


venture.

this We

has for

been the

"

still

we

ask

minating culso

will

complete
It
must

the be

drama,
not must
a mere

far

only fairlybegun.
and

serial, or

straight line, existence; it


out

be

the

opening
which
we

expansion
ourselves

of
"

the
new

possibilities dimensions,

feel within

please God.
I this
am

not

wrong,

am

sure,

in

claiming
tion conserva-

that

postulate,this
of

rational
an

faith which shock

in the death of

values, is
to

asset

has

vealed re-

the

race.

The
appear
a

death

has
we

always
knew

made

love the

greater

thing than
upon
us.

before
too,
to

crisis came baffling


same

It

has,
man

by the
the full

shock

of contrast, of the

awakened moral that limity subthe

comprehension
Kant
to

of the
sense

good life.
sublime

maintained the

of

the

is due

fact that

when

126

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

Here writes
"

is the
at
a

testimony
when known
never

of

French

soldier

who him:

moment

death

is close beside of

I had

often

the

joy
before

seeing a spring
had I been So

come

like this,but of

given

the power
one

livingin
the

every

instant. of any of the

it is that
vague
.
. .

wins, without

help

science, a
Absolute. that he who

but These

indisputableintuition
are

hours knows
come

of such
not

beauty
death

braces em-

them

what
the has be

means." of
we

Having

upon

higher values
forced
upon
us

sonal percan

life which
never

death
men,
come

again, as
as

satisfied with
to

such

facts

of survival

may

lightthrough dreams,
mediums,
or

hallucinations, telepathy and

in fact if the
some

through
evidence form of
our

any
were

empirical experiences. vastly greater


and than

Even

it is for

of animistic moral
some

survival, it would
demands. spiritual in seek the for
"

fall far short We

already
of
an

have

intimations

us

of
a

"

the power chance


to

endless full
"

life,"and

we

for

bring
"

it
to

into

play,

for

heavenly period
an

perfectthe earthen,"
what
we

ampler
meant

life that will

reveal

have

all the time in The

life to be.
Death
new

Winifred
says:

Kirkland New

New

well
of the the

"The

Death,

i.e.,the
our

view end
as

death, is the perception of


mere

mortal

portal of

an

eternal

progression

and

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY

127

immediate
...

result
It is
a

is the
new

consecration

of

all living.

illumination, a New
the greatest

Death,
our

when

dying

can

be

of inspiration

everyday

energy,

the

strongest

impulse

toward

dailyjoy."

II

THE

NEW

BORN

OUT

OF

THE

OLD

Walking
the that

across

the fields in the


a

spring I found
The

empty
once was

shell of in it
was

bird's

egg.

tiny bird
under new-born
was

lying still and happy


or was

its mother's
song

wings,
the limb

chirping its nearby


tree,
or

from

of

ing tryThe

its new-found

wings

on

the

buoyant
a

air.

empty

shell

was

utterly worthless,
The had miracle used it and

mere

thing play-

for the wind. stirred had


gone

of life that had it for There the its shelter is


a

within
on

and

left it deserted.
"

fine

proverb hatching
this the old
true

which
out

says,

God

empties
the

nest

by

the

eggs," and

world of ends

is full of

gentle, silent, divine by settingfree livingin


I
saw

method

abolishing
all that
was

to

higher

and
"

it.
the dragon-fly

To-day
Come

from

the wells

where

he

did

lie.

128

SPIRITUAL An Of Came
He

ENERGIES

IN the veil head


to

DAILY

LIFE

inner
his old
out

impulse
husk:

rent

from

tail

clear plates of sapphire mail. his wings:


crofts of and

dried

like gauze
pastures
wet

they

grew;

Through
A

with

dew

living flash

light he flew."
"

In and found
go
to

the

water

below, the
the in

old husk

"

lay empty
I

useless, while
its freedom
a

bright-colored living thing


the invisible
air.
never

funeral

without which
out

thinking of
of the

this miracle
out

of the

transformation
egg,
out

brings the bird

of

the

flower

seed, the dragonfly


own

of its water-larva. has and

In his
the
nest

mysterious
the

way

God

emptied
all that
one

by
has

hatching
itself

method,
permanent in the is old

was we

excellent,lovable, and
loved it
was

in the for

found
The

realm the

which

fitted. shattered of

body
will

only

empty

shell,the
the

seed, the
nature

husk, which
turn
over

silent

forces

slowly
to
use

back

again into its originalelements,


for its

again

myriad

processes

of

building:
"

And The

from violet

his ashes
of

may

be

made

his

native

land."

Those

who

treasure

up

the

outworn center

dust about

and the

ashes, who

make

their

thoughts

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED
to failing

MYSTERY

129

empty

shell,are
life

read is

aright the deeper


utter,

fact, which
that

everywhere
in

trying to

that

which
up

belongs
in the

the

higher sphere

cannot

be

pent
This

lower.
may

divine

hatching method
of truth, is
to
more as

be

seen,

too,

in the progress
to
a

it unfolds
common

from
than

stage
to
see

stage.
person

Nothing holding
has
on

shell in which the

truth

has

dwelt, without
he
new

realizingthat
gone
on

precious thing
itself in

wants

and

reembodied
he

and

livingways
While have

which he taken have is

fails

to

follow

and

comprehend.
"

saying
my

in

melancholy
Lord the time and I

tones,
know
not

They
where

away

they
"

laid him,"
so

living
with

Lord thee

is and

saying,
yet
can

Have thou
more

I been
not

long
me?"

dost
no

know
a

Truth form
out

keep
can.

fixed

and

nent perma-

than

life

It lives
ever more

only by

ing hatchpressions ex-

into of

higher and
and itself, words

adequate
in which wThich

the

old

forms

it

lived, the

old

through
and raised

it uttered the
warm

become itself, breath of God

empty
has
a

hollow
the

because inner

life,the spiritual

to reality,

higher

form

of

expression.
the

The
very

writer much and

of the

Epistle to
with
to

Hebrews
of

was

impressed

this

crumbling
to

old
new.

forms

expressions

give place

the

130

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

God

spoke,
and
to

he in
us

says,
a

to

our

fathers
manners,

in sundered but he is

portions speaking
can

variety of by

now

his Son.
are

The

things that
removed
may

be

shaken,

he writes,
cannot

being
shaken

that

the

things which
must

be

remain.
in his

Luther

have he

felt this
saw

shaking
old

process

day;

and

when
he
"

the that

forms

of

religion
of the God."

crumbling,
He He
unseen

wrote

great
Fortress

hymn
is Our
not

Reformation,
had found

Mighty ground

something
his

that could and

be shaken.
seen

could

stand

face he

the

and the

world
was

in faith, because

knew
new

that
was

hatching
born
as

going

on,

and and
more

the

being
forms

in

higher, truer,
was

adequate
divine
hour

the old Let


us

vanishing.
that this ancient
momentous

hope

method of man hu-

may

still operate

in this

history. Never,
Rome,
has there been

perhaps,
such
a

since

the

fall of
cess pro-

world-shaking
all

affecting every
changes
be
are

country under
way.

and

peoples.
old is

mense Imever

Nothing will
The
new

quite
before much

the
our

same

again.
and and the

ing is vanish-

eyes wrong

being

born.

So

was

outworn,
must
some

and
go

unjust and
far, and
But

inhuman,

that

the

changes

very

involve they will necessarily


even

breakage.

now,

in this

most

dynamic period of

modern

THE

LIGHT-FRINGED

MYSTERY
to

131

history,that
will
but
come

which

is

mark

permanent

ress progprocess,

forth,

not

by

smashing by
the

by

the

hatching of hopes
in and

the

eggs,

emergence

of the of

underlying forces
human held is

of life and and

the realization have

those been

aspirationsthat danger
from

long

suppressed.
blind
ment resent-

There
rage

always

the gravest The

and for

sullen the

wrath.

passionate
the

sufferingof
almost

immemorial dams

wrongs,

when

once

it breaks
an

through

of
sooner

straint, re-

is
or

irresistible force; but


sense

later the sound, serious


race
comes

of the

intelligent
world in

human

into and made

play

and

brings the
real

back these

to

order
are

system.
not

The

gains

crises

by

the

smashings

and

the blind

iconoclastic blows, but


fulfillment of the
came.

by

sighted the wise, clear-

which before
must
men

have the
not

been crisis

slowly formed inspirationof many May


be, that
it be these
so

the

ideals
lives It

now! millions death chaos

be, it
have It

cannot

of
and

shall

unavailingly faced
was

mutilation.

not

wreckage
world
and

and

they They
is the

sought in their brave


went out
a new

adventure

with
to

death.

to

build

new

destroy,only
This

that time

re-creation incubation and

might begin.
birth, for
that make

of

ripening into
us men.

those mighty hopes reality

132

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

It

means

at

once

that life of

we

must

deepen
we

down

our

lives

into

the

God,

that

must

press sup-

our

petty
God's of
the

individual

passions
for world the
new

and

feel In

the

sweep

of

purposes

age.

multitude

ways

the of

moves

on,

and

as

it and

moves

Spirit brings
eyes

God and

ends

old

forms

methods

and have and

fresh

living
what shell! is

ways

to

light.
divine

May

we

to

see

of

his

hatching

what

is

empty

134

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

like the
the

men

sprung

from

the

dragon's teeth.
consideration under of
we

For
can

purposes

of the present is

eliminate

what

usually included
is, the

psychical
dreams,
and
years

phenomena,
visions esoteric
ago

that

phenomena

and and

trances,

hysteria and phenomena.


said: "In

dissociation

occult

Thirty
the

Professor
are

Royce

Father's is

house

many

mansions, and
Astral

their and

furniture

extremely manifold.
trances

bodies

palmistry,
from
'
"

and

mental
'

healing, communications
of the

the

dead
are

and

phantasms
some

living
the

such

things

for

people to-day
of the These

sole

quite
the

unmistakable

evidences

supremacy
are

of

world." spiritual of careful will

phenomena
and much of human much

worthy
the

painstaking study eventually throw complex


furnish
nature

attention, for

they

light upon
light upon
for

deep and
are

personality,
it. ing understand-

in fact

already throwing
us

But

they
what its

slender

data

is

properly meant
too, leave which of the

by mystical experience
side the
amount

and We

religiousand spiritual bearing.


can,
on one

cal metaphysiof These and


space

doctrines
in

fill a

large

the

books had
a

great

mystics.

trines doc-

long
taken

historical

development
same

they
if the

would

have

the essentially had


not

form

exponents

of

them

been

mystics. Mys^

THE

MYSTICS

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

135

tical

experience
favor
as

is confined
some

to

no

one

form

of
no

philosophy, though
doubt and

ways ways

of retard
case

thinking
the of

other

ence, experireligious
more, furtherpert ex-

they

also often

do

in the

faith in general.
must not
"

Mystical experience,
with what the

be confused

technical There
are

writers
many

call
"

mystic way."
"

as

mystical
north
on

ways

as

there
east

are

gates

to

the
on

New the and

Jerusalem:
three
west

"On

the
on

three

gates,
three

gates,
three

the

south One

gates,
as

the

gates."
of

might

well

try
of
the
were

to

describe

the way

making love, or
canyon
as as

the way describe there

appreciatingthe grand
way
to

to

the
one

discovery of God,
way.

though

only
I
am

not out

interested in
most

in

mysticism
to

as

an

ism.

It

turns

accounts
more

be

dry

and and

stract abtimate in-

thing,hardly
the country

like the the color of


"

warm
a

experience than
for which

map

is like is very

it stands.
an

Canada

pink,"
the

seems

quite
country

inadequate descriptionof
of
not
are

noble

north

our

border.

It that with

is is
the

mystical experience worthy


of
our

and We with

mysticism
concerned

study.
"

experience itself,not
of it. The

second-hand
says

tions formulaProfessor
"

mystic,"

Royce,

"

is

thorough-going empiricist;

"

God

136
ceases

SPIRITUAL
to

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

be

an

objectand
find

becomes

an

experience,"
it is
an perience ex-

says

Professor
we

Pringle-Pattison. If
to out

want

what
he

happens

to

the

mystic himself
to
we

inside

where there

lives.

According

those call

who

have

been

the

experiencewhich
the conviction with God. those of It who
perience. ex-

mystical is charged
contact

with

real, direct
is the
are

and

commerce

almost

universal

testimony of
that

mystics that they John Tauler


of
"

find God
says

through their
in his best the
"

ments mo-

devout

prayer

and

uplifting of
the pure
ence pres-

the mind

to

God,"
in his

he
own

experiences
the

of God
he
can

soul," but he adds

that all
"

tell others it
as

about the

experienceis
of
a

as

poor
to

and

unlike

point
"

needle with I have

is
my

the

heavens I have

above
met

us." with
upon
my

I have Savior.
my

met

God;
the His of his

felt

healings drop

soul

from in the

under

wings,"
first

says

Isaac

Penington
for

joy

mystical experience.
considerable

Without

needlessly
we
can

multiplying such testimonies


with
assurance

data,

say

that

mystical experience
immediate
lationship re-

is consciousness with
in the moment
II

of direct and
transcendent

some

realitywhich
to

of

experienceis believed
exclaims
is He other: This

be God.

This
"

is He, there is

this is He,"
no

Isaac whom

ton, PeningI have

THE

MYSTIC'S

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

137

waited

for and of

sought after from


says that she
was

my

childhood."

Angela
and
saw

Foligno

experienced God,
full of God.

that the whole

world

II There different conviction of

are

many

degrees
in the also

intensity,
ous varitime
most

concentration different

and

experiencesof
in the from in

individual

mystics, and
the has
same

experiencesof
to

individual
a

time. of

There

been

tendency
the
state

studies
as

mysticism to regard
mistake.

of ecstasy That
more

par

excellence
a

mystical experience.
The less

is,

however,

grave

calmer,
ecstatic

meditative, less
of God greater than do
are

emotional,
not

ences experipossess

less value

convincing and
for life and

constructive ecstatic

character
a

experiences which
frame and in the

presuppose

peculiar psychical
seasoned of
a

disposition. The
hush and from that of he ness stillstasy, ec-

Quaker
silent he with do
not

corporate

meeting
not

is far removed less convinced the


essentia
a

but

is

the For
to

is

meeting
we

God. need
nor

cism mysticred" "saany

insist upon

certain
upon

mystic way peculiartype


need
to

upon

ecstasy,

nor

of

rare

psychic upheavals.
upon
a

We

do

insist, however,

consciousness

of

138
commerce

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

with

God

amounting

to

conviction

of

his presence.
'

Where And I
one

one

heard
saw

noise

flame,
He

only knew

named

my

name."

Jacob
to
new

Boehme
"

calls the

experience which
the

came
"

him,
birth

breaking through
or

gate,"

into
so

resurrection God."
as

from
"

the dead," I
am

that,
says

he

"

says,
"

I knew
as

certain,"

Eckhart,
is
so near

certain
me

that

I live, that is
nearer

nothing
to
me

to to
one

as

God. One
an

God

than
"

am

myself."
"

of these and
was

experiences
the the

the
so

first
as we

was

ecstasy,
not.

other,
ing floodin the

far

can

tell, was
of
a

It

in of
act

moment

God-consciousness
to

of

preaching

sermon

the

common

people Penington,
vital surge of of

of

Cologne.
was

The
an

experience
ecstasy; it
the
was

of the

again,
of

not

fresh

life Fox
A
a

on

first occasion
a

hearing

George
silence.

preach simple

after normal of

long period
case

waiting
type
is

of

mild

given in
from of the

little book

recent
"

date, reprinted
After
a

Atlantic

Monthly:
and
with

long
I
one

time

jangling conflict
and the

inner
no

misery,

day, effort,
been

quite quietly
stopped doing

conscious

dis-ingenuousthing [I had

THE

MYSTIC'S

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

139

doing].
if
a

Then rubber
the

the

marvel

happened.
had
were

It

was

as

great
to

band

which

been

stretched
leased re-

almost

breaking point
back
to

suddenly

and Heaven
was

snapped
earth

its normal
me.

condition.

and

were

changed for

thing Everyto
some

glorious because
life
"

of its relation seemed


a

great that

central life." of

nothing

to

matter

but

Brother the

Lawrence,

barefooted

layto
an
"

brother
the

seventeenth of
the

century,

according
attained the
was

testimony
and He
man

brotherhood,
sense

unbroken of God." faithful with what

undisturbed
was

of

Presence
a

not

an

ecstatic;he

quiet,
tasks

who seemed

did
to

his his
love

ordinary daily
"

friends
and
an

an

unclouded

vision, an

illuminated
and

uninterrupted
he
was,

joy."
God,
The
"

Simple

humble

though
his

he

nevertheless
an

acquired, through
normal,

experience of
mind."

extraordinary spaciousness of apparently


Its powers when
and

more
come

expansive mystical experiences


the

personal self is
raised The

at to

its best.
an

are capacities

unusual

unity

and

fused

together.

whole

being, with

its accumulated
process

submerged life, preparing


for
any
one,
cess suc-

finds itself. The

of

high achievement
but

is

severe

and in the

laborious
moment

nothing
than

seems

easier

of which

is the

accomplishment

for

the

Ho

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

life

has

been within

prepared.
the
person
so

There what that become

comes

to

be

formed
"

Aristotle the
person

called does
to

dexterity of soul,"
ease

with

what of

he

has

skilled
a

do.

Clement and that

Alexandria

called
"

fully organized
man,"
to

spiritualized person
for who
most

harmonized and

is, adjusted, organized


organ

ready
"

be God.

transmissive Brother

the
was

revelation thus

of

Lawrence,
"

harmonized,"
which
my
mon com-

finely says,
found of

The
to

excellent
was

method

going

God

that of

doing

business,purely for the love of God."


earlier
same

An the
to to

mystic of
the Eternal

the fourteenth these God words:

century
"

stated aim

principlein
to

It is my hand

be
a

what

man's

is

man." There
are

many

human

experiences which
he has
not

carry

man

up

to

levels where

usuallybeen
possessed of

before

and

where

he

finds himself had

insightand energieshe
his until that the
moment.

hardly suspected were


One

leaps

to

his

full We

height when
are

right inner spring is reached.


with
us

quite familiar
tendencies in

the

way

in which both
a

tive instinc-

and

emotions under

egoistic
group

and ideas call

social,become
and
a

organized
into
a

of
we

ideals

single system
love,
or

which

sentiment, such

as

patriotism,or

142

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE
at
a

organized
hand time. There

person,

by

kindling flash, has spiritual gains


of

his

all the

moral

and

life

is

famous

account

of the flash of
can

ration inspibe

given by Philo, which


It is
recount
as

hardly
not

proved. imto

follows:

"

am

ashamed

my

own

experience.
to enter

At
my

times, when
wonted
an

I of

have

proposed

upon

task

writing on knowledge

philosophicaldoctrines, with
of the materials
to

exact

which

were

to

be

put

together, I have

had

leave

off without barren

any and

work less, fruit-

accomplished, finding my
and

mind its

upbraiding
at

it for

self-complacency,
the

while

startled
power

the

might of
to

Existent

One,

in whose

it lies But
a

open

and

close the wombs I had


come

of the soul.

at

other

times, when
I

empty,

all of

sudden down
so

have and
sown

been

filled with
upon
me seen un-

thoughts, showered
from
have

above,
into
a

that rapture

by

Divine

possession I
ignorant

fallen

and

become

of what
a

everything, the place, those


was

present,
I have

myself,
received the light,
most

spoken
of

or

written.

For

stream

a interpretation,

fruition

of

most

clear-cut

sharpness
of

of

vision, the
matter

vividly distinct view


such the
as

the

before the
eyes

me,

might be received
luminous

through

from

most

presentation."

THE

MYSTIC'S
most

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

143
are

The

important mystical experiences They


occur

something like that.


the

usually not
but

at

beginning ripe and

of

the

religiouslife
stage of it.

rather
are
"

in
the the

the

developed
"

They

fruit of

long-maturing processes.
man

Clement's
a

harmonized

is

always

person

who

has
rents, cur-

brought his soul into parallelismwith


has

divine

sights habitually practiced his religious in-

and

has

finallyformed
him.
or

unified

central
to

self, subtly sensitive, acutely responsive

the

Beyond
may
come

within

In may

such
come

experiences which
as a more

suddenly
the cumulations

ual gradmasses

process,

whole of
than
a

self operates
a

and

all the
more

lifetime.
are

They

are

no

emotional We and
"

they
total

rational

and

litional. votive, ac-

have
aware

awake, personality,
Instead
the

of his life's flow."


a

of

seeing in
and Moses
sees

flash

law

of

or gravitation, or

plot
of
one

character
the
at

of Hamlet,
in

the block

uncarven

form

Law-giver
times the

of

marble,

such and

moral
the

demonstrations that implications


In the the

of
are

lifetime

vividlyfeels
in
a

involved essentially
moment
"

life. spiritual
be
as
sure as

high
is.

God
at

is

seen

to

soul

I stood I could

Naples
scarce

once,

night

so

dark
was

have

conjectured there
sea or

earth

Anywhere,

sky

or

world

at

all :

i44

SPIRITUAL
the

ENERGIES
burst

IN

DAILY
a

LIFE
blaze

But

night'sblack
struck her blow whole

was

through by

"

Thunder

on

blow, earth

groaned and bore,


visible:

Through
There

length of mountain
and

lay the city thick


like
a

plain with
the
one

spires,
sea.

And,
So
may

ghost disshrouded, white


be flashed
out

the truth

by

blow."

To than
a

some

the

truth

of God He the

never

comes

closer be
as a

logicalconclusion.
in
same
a

is held

to

livingitem
real in the

creed.
sense

To that

mystic he
that

becomes is

experienced beauty
summer

real, or

the feel of
"

spring is real, or
he has been

sunlight is real
been
met,

found,

he

has

he

is present.

Before these

discussing the crucial question whether


evidential and
addition I
or
are

experiencesare
as
an

worthy
few
of this One

of

consideration of truth about and

to

the world's
say
a

stock

knowledge

must

words
them.

the of

normality
any

abnormality
be the said
on

Nothing
of first catch normal

value

can

point
must
are

mystical experiencein
his
concrete
some
are

abstract.

case.

Some

instances

and

undoubtedly
are

abnormal.

Trance,
and

ecstasy

and

rapture
not

unusual

ences experi-

in that

sense

normal

occurrences.
a

They
in the

usually indicate, furthermore,


of
and personality
sense. are

cal pathologiabnormal

condition
more

thus

technical

There

is,however,

THE

MYSTICS

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

145
seems

something
pretty
well

more

to

be said

on

this
some

point.
persons

It
"

established been

that

and

they have

often
"

creative

leaders in

and

religious
their

geniuses

have

succeeded

organizing

in charging their whole lives,in findingtheir trail,

personalitywith
and
means

power,

in

attaining a moral
of energy

namic dyby
sons, per-

in

tapping vast
doubt is
a a

reservoirs

of would

states
no

which, if occurring in other


be called
one.

pathological. The
It
seems

real sound

test
to

here call

pragmatic
abnormal

hardly
raised the into

state
a

if it has

experiencer,as
a

mystic experience often does,


man

hundred has

horse-power
turned
more

and of

through his
other
men

fluence in-

multitudes

and

women

into This

joyous,hopeful
be settled

and

efficient persons. and is reality


a

question of abnormality
to

thus

not

one

off-hand

by

ficial super-

diagnosis.
An

experience which
new

brings spaciousness
to ability
"

of the

mind,

interior dimensions,
"

stand

universe
to

and
at

the

people
with

in it

and

capacity

work

human
may
to
an

tasks

patience,endurance
called
mal, nor-

and

wisdom

be quite intelligently external


a

though
like what
state

beholder
trance

it may of

look

he

usually calls
be

hysteria,a
have

of It

dissociation,or
should

hypnosis by auto-suggestion.
however,
as

added,

146

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

already said, that mystical experience is


to not

not
or

fined con-

these

extremer

types.
The

They

may

may
strained re-

be

pathological.
stages of

calmer
are more

and

more

mysticism
are
no

important
with the

and

and significant of

more

marked

stigma
of one's
value.

hysteriathan
devotion
to

is

love-making, enjoyment
causes,

music,

altruistic
or

risking

life for country,

any

loftyexperience of

Ill

We
our*

come

at

length
Do

to

the

central

question of

consideration: Are do
so

mystical experiencessettle
sided, one-

anything?
or

they purely subjectiveand


prove
to

they
to

have Do

ence objectiverefer-

and

be

two-sided? the
"

they
that

take

the

experiencer
"

across
"

chasm ?

separates

self

"

from

Other
as

Mystical experienceundoubtedly
ence. objectivereferwith has
an

feels It
comes

though it had
the individual that He he has and of

to

indubitable found
some

authority. thing other


conviction

He
than

is certain himself.

unescapable
with self.

that he is in contact
the

commerce

realitybeyond
"

margins

his

personal

tremendous

muchness
once

is put

suddenly revealed,"
undertake

as

William
We do

James
not

it.
we

get very

far when

to

THE

MYSTIC'S

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

147

reduce
11

knowledge
reckon

to

an

affair of leave
me

sense-experience.
out,"
can

They
the

ill who

be
as

said

by
as

organized, personal,creative
Brahma.

mind

truly

by

There which the that

are

many

forms
senses

of human
are so

experience in
real This

data

of the
to

vastly transcended

they fail
occurs

furnish

any

explanation of
is true

what

in consciousness.

of all

our

experiences of value, which


of

apparently spring
of mind ether the is unified which

out

syntheticor
The and

tivities synoptic ac-

mind, i.
and

e.,

activities in which

the of the

creative. the rods

vibrations
cones

bombard

of

retina may

be the occasion

for the

appreciationof
are

beauty
not

in

sky

or

sea

or

flower, but they


The
concrete

surely
which for the
my

the

cause

of

it.

event

confronts august

me

is very

likelythe
of moral
not

occasion issues be
sense

pronouncement

which that

conscience
concrete

makes,
event

but
any

it

can

said
causes

the this

in of

proper

consciousness
answer

moral
to

obligation.
the crude To the

The

famous

of Leibnitz

sense-philosophy
phrase
come
"

of his time is

is still cogent. in the mind

There

nothing

that

has
"

not

through

the senses," Leibnitz That the mind is and


means

added,
that
an

except

the mind

self." it-

the

creative

of activity in
perience ex-

always
one

important
can

factor

that

not

be

ignored

in any

148

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

of the processes
have done
very

of

knowledge.

Unfortunately
direction of the the of

we

little yet in the interior

prehending com-

the mind mind


or

depth

personal
which in

of

estimating adequately
its creative
It

part

itself in

capacity plays
will

all
we

knowledge
have called sound for

functions. in

only

be

when

succeeded
the

getting beyond
of and

what

Plato
to
a

bird-cage theory
that
"

knowledge
to
a

theory of knowledge
we

solid able
to

basis cuss dis-

values spiritual the intelligently

shall be
"

findings
present sound

of

the

mystic.
is

The
"

world
"

at

the

moment

pitiably

short

in its stock

of

theories

edge. of knowldo
not
plain ex-

The

prevailing psychologies
at

knowledge
try
the mind
states
an

all.
more

The than

behaviorists
the
astronomer

do

not
or

to

explain it

any

does. physicist
to
"

The

psychologistwho
of
a

reduces
"

an

aggregation
started
out
on

describable
course

mindmakes

has

which

explanation
can

forever

impossible, since

edge knowltegral in-

be

explained only through unity and


never

wholeness,
of parts, shot." If
as

through
were
a

an

aggregation
"

though it
we

mental

shower

of and

expect
to

to
use

talk about that

knowledge
word

seriouslypropose
we
an

great
the

truth,
of

must

at

least

begin with

assumption
center

creative, organizing intelligent,

of self-

150

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

mysticism does,
based
as
on

that

all conscious and all

processes

are

sense-stimulation
on

thought
to

as

well

perception depends
It is
no

reaction
that

lus. sense-stimu-

doubt
to
some

true

behavior

psychology
that

must
means

resort

such

formula, but
is

only
it

that such

psychology
and with
concrete

always dealing with


beings, when
us
never

greatly transformed
attempts
richness
"

reduced like

to

deal
our

persons

who,

in the

of

lives, are
We have on't !

reduced sions dimen"

to

behavior-beings."
and that
are

interior Some

is the

end
means

persons

and
"

they
.are

by
as

no

feeble-minded that

uals individcommerce

certain within
a
as

they have
are

with

world

they
outside

that

they

have

experiencesof Aquinas, who


leaned

world

in space.
nor

Thomas in doctrine

neither

in method

toward
"

mysticism, though
man,"
of God
an

he

was

most

tainly cer-

harmonized
the vision

and
to
a

who realm

in

theory beyond
years

postponed
before inkhorn of his
he
on

death, nevertheless
died which

had

experience two
him

made
never

put

his pen another he


was

and

the shelf and

write

word
minded re-

Summa of the

Theologiae.

When

incomplete
to

state

of his great

work

and "I

was

urged
seen

go

on

with

it,he only replied,


all that I have

have

that small

which
to

makes

written

look

me."

THE

MYSTIC'S

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

151

It may of
open

be

justpossiblethat
which inlets open

there
our

is

universe

spiritual realityupon
inward
as

finite
sea.

spirits

into the

"

Like When Into Come Come Whose Some But

the tides the


our moon

on

the is
new

crescent

sea-beach thin

and

hearts

high yearnings
surging in;
ocean

welling and
from rim that
no

mystic
has

foot

trod.

call it others

longing

call it God."

Such

view

is
no

perfectlysane proved
and the of
to

and

tenable; it

flicts con-

with either It
a

demonstrated universe that


or

facts of mind. is such bus Colum-

in the

nature

seems

anyway

the

mystic
it
as

there

world, that he has


found San

found

surely as
his

Salvador, and

that

experience

is

truth-telling experience.

IV
But

granting that
found
a

it is

and truth-telling

has

jective ob-

in claiming reference, is the mystic justified that he has need


to

and

knows and

God?

One

does student
a

not

be

very

wide
to

extensive what

of

mystical experience

discover

meager

152

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

stock William

of

knowledge James'
woods
"

the

genuine mystic
well illustrates

reports. in the

remarkable
very
an

experience

Adirondack It had, he
sort,

the

type.
some

says,

intense

of significance

if

one

could

only

tell the
a

significance.
.

In

point of fact, I
of,
that At

can't find don't

singleword
what
a
mere

for
was

all

that

and significance
so
x

know

it

nifica sigof
to

it remains
a

boulder refers

impression."
that
"

later

date

James
man's

extraordinaryvivacityof
with
also

cal psychologifeelsas if
of

commerce

something
2

ideal that

it

were

actual."

The

greatest
Meister

all the

fourteenth could What


not

century

mystics,
"

Eckhart,
or

put his impression into words found


no

ideas. head God-

he where

was
one

wilderness

of

the
an

is

at

home,"

i. e.,

Object

with

no

differentiated, concrete particular


It
was

acteristic charso

not

an

accident

that

many
way

of of
"

the

mystics hit
or

upon

the via

negativa, the
their

negation,
the

that

they called

discovery

divine

Dark."

"

Whatever I tell you God is


not

your

mind

comes

at

flat

that."

Letters

of William

James,

Vol.

II. p.

76.

Ibid, Vol.

II. p. 269.

THE

MYSTICS

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD
concrete

153

Mystical experience does


It does items
scenery
our
sense

not

supply

formatio in-

not

bring new
in
"

finite facts,new
"

that and

can

be

used

descriptionof
of the realm

the

circumstance horizons.
It

beyond
of the
a

is the of
a
"

awareness

Presence, the consciousness


as

Beyond,
we
are

covery, dis-

James
a

puts of

it, that
the
same

ous continu-

with

More
us

quality,which
with us." such

operat in-

in The
not
new

and

in touch

most

strikingeffect

of
new

experience is
of

fact-knowledge,not
new

items
energy,

cal empiri-

information, but
conviction, increased vision, an spiritual
In short, the whole constructive
new

moral

heightened

caloric

quality, enlarged
power

unusual

radiant

of life. of the
to
where somea

in personality,
to

the be

case

mystics, appears
life and calories
are

raised

level of
many

to

have

gained from

of

stance. life-feeding, spiritualsubwith the


way

We which system brain


carry

quite familiar suddenly flushes


a

in

adrenalin and and


out
a

into the

physical
power
to
can

adds muscle.

new

and

incalculable
its stimulus is
some our we more
on a

Under when

man

piano

the house from

fire. Source inner


can

May
with

not,

perhaps, some
our

energy

which with

are spirits

allied flush

being
fied fortistand

forces
to

and

powers

by which
and

be

stand

the

universe

than

154

SPIRITUAL
"

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

it! that

We loved

are

more

than is the

conquerors way
one

through
of the

Him

us,"

world's

greatest

mystics felt.
"

Mystical experience
as

and
"

we

must

remember like
ings mean-

Santayana has said, that


bursts least who
one

experience is
a

shrapnel shell and


"
"

into

thousand
It makes

does
the

at

thing.
has had
to

God

sure

to

person

the the

experience.
nth
power.
out

It raises
"

faith who

and

conviction

The

God

said,
shined

'

Let
my

light
heart

shine
to

of the is

darkness,' has

into of

give
God,"

light of the knowledge


St. Paul's declares the

the

glory
God
as

of

testimony.
George
Fox. doth

"

I knew
"

by revelation,"
one

I
"

was

who who

hath has
some

key

and

open."

The

man
"

tained at-

this
turn

Plotinus felicity," that he would

says,
not

meets

of fortune is
not

have

chosen, but
his

there

the
"

slightest lessening of
I
:

ness happi-

for that with its

(En.

iv.7)
.

But

this and

experience,
its

overwhelming
not

conviction into the

dynamic
coin of

effect,can

be

put

common

speech.

Frederic

Myers

has

well

expressed the

difficulty:
"

Oh Oh
How

could

I tell ye I

surely would
say

believe

it!

could should

only

what
can

I have
ye

seen!

I tell

or

how

receive

it,
been ?
"

How,

till He

bringeth you

where

I have

THE

MYSTIC'S

EXPERIENCE
"

OF
"

GOD

155

There be

is

no

concrete

information

which

can

shared When

with

others. found it
to

Columbus describe

San who

Salvador did the


not

he

was

able
him

to

those

sail with

in the Santa
he
can

Maria,

but when
"

mystic finds
"

God words
to

not

give us
his

any

knowledge
He
can

in

plain
refer

of

everyday speech.
or

only
We

his

boulder,
situation

Gibraltar, of
we

impression.
can

That
not,

is what

should of
our

expect.

either, describe
can

any

great
into

emotions.
our
sciousness con-

We

not

impart
moments

what of

flushes

in

lofty
us

intuition. is

We

have
no

submerged

life within
our

which
foot. do of
not

certainly

less real than


we

hand but

or we

It influences find it easy sublime


say
we

all that
to utter

do In
to

or

say,

it.

the
say
"

presence
or

the do is

have

nothing
a

if

we

anything
to

it is with

great mistake

Language
are common

forged
to

deal
sons, per-

experienceswhich
i.
e., to

many
to

experiences which
have of
no

refer

objects
subtle,
vidual indisonal per-

in space. elusive

We
flashes

vocabulary
which for
are

for the

vision
as

unique,
is
a our

and
sense

unsharable,
of We
"

instance
grace

the

tender

of

day

that
to

is dead."
resort to

are

forced

in all these and


to

matters

symbolic suggestion
Patmore

artistic devices.

Coventry

said with

much

insight:

156

SPIRITUAL
"

ENERGIES
love

IN

DAILY

LIFE

In

divinity and

What's

best worth

saying can't be said."

believe
run

that

mystical experiences
our

do

in

the do is
as a

long

expand
in

knowledge

of

God

and

succeed
sort

verifying themselves.
that is best

Mysticism
in

of

spiritualprotoplasm that underlies,

basic

substance, much

religion,in
the

ethics and

in life itself. the

It has
seer

generallybeen
has
our

mystic,the prophet,
new

that

spotted out
world,
Their
them energy
or
periences ex-

ways
our

forward
race

in the
new
some

jungle of

lifted

to

spirituallevels.
way

have unusual them have

in

equipped

for
to

tasks, have
which their

given supplies of
neighbors did
them and
not

have,
vital

and

apparently brought
with dimensions The
a

into

spondence corre-

regions of reality
found

that

others
or

miss. least
some

proof that they have


domain
new

God,
does in
some

at

of

spiritualreality,
of

not

lie in

stock

knowledge,

not

gnostic secret,
be
seen

which in the

they bring back;


moral and

it

is

to

rather
test out

spiritual
of

fruits which

and

verify the experience.


or

Consciousness baffles God does.

of

beauty

of truth
as

or

ness goodof

analysisas
These in values

much have

consciousness

no

ing objectivestandare

ground

current

psychology. They

not

158

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
matter

IN

DAILY

LIFE

lasting."But heavenly
we

as

of

fact,however
may
as

exalted in its
sence es-

and know of

enduring beauty
what
it is

be

only

it appears

in
tions; ac-

fair forms

objects,of body, blending of unity which


sometimes

of

soul, of
or

in harmonious

sounds

colors;
of
to

in well-ordered
many

or

happily-combined groupings
is
as

aspects Truth

in

one

it

ought

be.
our

and

moral and
we

goodness always
life is the
eye

transcend the that


seen

attainments end
or

feel that

very

and that heard.

goal
But

of

pursuit of
hath
we

truth
nor
or

goodness which
whatever
we

not

ear

truth

do is

attain

whatever

goodness
Truth is all attempts

do
one

achieve
more

always
fact

concrete.

just this
to

added it. that

that is

resists

doubt deed

Goodness reveals
a

just this simple every-day


and spirit of
a

heroic midst

brave

venture

of the

faith

in the edge knowl-

difficulties. So, too,


is
not
some

mystic

of God

esoteric
or

communication,
an

suppliedthrough

trance

ecstasy; it is
felt of
to
an

tive intuitially essen-

personal touch with God,


real, the bursting forth
for him

be the intense

love

which

heightens all the

capacitiesand
be"
"

activities of life,followed
results
now

by the slow laboratory


"All I could
never

which It do
seems

verify it.

is.
to

possibleto

stand the

the universe transformation

even

something toward

THE

MYSTICS

EXPERIENCE

OF

GOD

159

of of the

it.

The

bans

are

read

for of the that it

that the

most

difficult with

all

marriages,
the does least of

the ideal

marriage
with

possible
And soul the has soul

actual,

real. the makes

if

the

experience
God,
that it
at

not

prove

found feel

does

this:

proofs

God

are

wholly

unnecessary.

CHAPTER

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

THE

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

Twenty

years

ago
new

in

Dynamic
which

Faith,
the
"

after great
There

reviewing
sciences
are

the had

questions
for

raised

religion, I said:
than series for
any

still harder has

problems opened
a

of

these.

chology Psywhich
an

of his

questions
faith in The
my

make

the life
or

boldest in have clear. that the in of


any

tremble

less end-

spiritual reality."
intervened It is
now

twenty

years

that
more

have

made

point
ognized rec-

much

pretty
issues The soul is of

generally
the faith of

deepest
this field.

are

to

be

settled
nature

problem
at

the

real
moment

the

human

the

present

probably
us,

the for

most

important
the
answer

religious
to

question before
our

upon

it all has bit

vital

spiritual
interior

interests

depend.
if he
is

If

man

no

unique
that of
vast

domain,
of and

only
in

tiny

of
curve

system

naturalism

which
is
"

every

process

development
causes,
160

rigidly

termined de"

by

antecedent

then

spiritual

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

161

is

only

high-sounding word
with
no

with of

metaphorical realityin
"

but significance,
nature

basis is

the
"

of

things. There
world
of

no certainly

place
can

in the
to

external find

space

where

we

pect ex-

realities. spiritual
"

They

are

not

to

be

found

by going

somewhere."
was
as

Olympus
as

has been
any
area

climbed, and
mountain

it

naturalistic is

other of
no

peak.
and
us

Eden

only

defined
can

Mesopotamia,
miracles for

that blessed The

word

work the

now.

dome

of

sky

is

only
realm

an

optical illusion.
on

It is
our

no

supersensuous

which
a

we

can

build

hopes.
or

The it is

yond bewhere. no-

as

spiritual realityis within,


has
not

Psychology, however, encouraging


the
ever

been has

very
gone
an

in the

promises
other toward

of

hope.
and

It

way

of

sciences

has

taken The

increasingslant
is that
"

naturalism.
"

sult re-

most

so-called

psychologies of
to
a

ligion re-

reduce

religion either

naturalistic in either
case

or

to

basis, which subjective


a

means

that

religionas

way
us

to

some

objectivespiritual disappeared
modern
as a

realityhas
constructive
can

eluded
power.

and

has
a

Many

gist psycholo-

say
And

with

Browning's Cleon:
written

11

I have

three books

on

the soul,

Proving
And

absurd

all written
to

hitherto,

putting us

ignorance again."

162

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

Two called iorist the


us
"

of the main scientific

tendencies
are

in what

is
"

usually
behavreduce Let
chology psy-

psychology
and
a

(i)
mind

the

tendency
life
to

(2) the tendency


"

to

inner

series of

states."
turns

consider into

behaviorism
"

first.

This

purely objective experimental


science."
1

branch

of

natural

It

aims
"

"

at

the

predictionand
forms is
not
no

control

of behavior."

tion IntrospecOne of

essential part of its method." with


"

concerned

interpretationin

terms

consciousness,"one
responses
"

is interested

only in reactions,
in the presence The
"

in short, in behavior which

of stimuli is
a

produce
organ

movements.
"

body
a
2

complicated
term
"

and

mind
"

is

merely
The between
"

convenient behaviorist
man

to

express

its

activities."

recognizes no
3

dividing line
becomes of
"

and

brute."

Psychology
the
can

the

science of
man

of behavior,"
or

study
be

the

activity
the

animal

as

it
or

observed

from
to

outside, either with


the mental acts."
"

without

attempting
from

termine de-

states

by inference
reduced
set

these
to

Emotions

become
"

forthwith in the

the

bodily
visceral

resonance

up

muscular in

and
1
2

systems
p.

by
1.

instinctive

movements

Watson,
See

Behavior,
Barton in the

Ralph

Perry's
Journal

article

"

Behavioristic

View 17, 1921.

of
3

Purpose"

of Philosophy, of Psychology,

February
p.

Pillsbury, Fundamentals

4.

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

163

the presence

of

these objects, the

curious

movements

being

due

entirelyto
aid survival.

inheritance
at

of in

logical physioearly
which
to

structure

adapted

least is
no

the

stages

to

There

way

by

behaviorist

psychology can
to

give

any

standing
"

religionor

any

type of
of the

values. spiritual

thetics Es-

is the

study
states

the
case.

useless,"

as

William

James baldly
or
or

Conscience
name

pears disaptance inheri-

becomes

another

for

the of

of acquisition

certain
we

types

social behavior.
or ality mor-

Everything
behavior.
"

which

call ethics and

changes into well-defined


There there is

mined rigidlydeter"

nothing

more

ual spiritform

about

it than

is in the fall of
a

raindrop

or

in the luminous has

trail of

meteor,
"

or

in any

of what This

happily been called


of reaction from inherited the

cosmic
a

weather." of
tivity ac-

reduction is
a

to personality

center

dualistic

sundering
The

of mind

and

body

from

Descartes.

theory of

parallelism is utterly psycho-physical


Idealism, which
is
an

bankrupt.
round the the

attempt

to

get
as

impasse of dualism
abhorrent

by treatingmind
to

is only reality, with


young

scientists and

popular un-

philosophers, especiallyin
solution
at

America. The

Some

other
one

is therefore

gent. ur-

easiest

viously hand, though it is obcut


across

temporary

and

is to superficial,

164

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

the mind

loop, ignore its unique,originative, creative


its interior

capacity and
with
"

depth, to
to

deal

only

and body plus body's activities,

call that

psychology."
The
"

mind-state
on.
"

"

psychology
is
a

takes of
more

us

little

farther
"

It

also

form makes

naturalism. of spection introand it

Mind-state
than

psychology
behaviorist

psychology does,
in
terms
can

works

more

than which

the latter does

of

sciousness, con-

for the behaviorist


an

be almost

ignored

or

questioned as
this of
a

cording existingreality. Acor

to

view, mind
number of

consciousness
"

is

composed
and describe laws
on
"

vast

elemental is
to to

units,"
and the

the business these

of

psychology
or

analyze
discover

units

states
or

and

of their arrangement
this

succession.
or sum

Mind,
total of

theory, is
"

an

aggregate

states."

Professor mind
are

James,
and

who

gives great
not
"

place to
that

states," will, however,

admit

they

permanent

repeatable
In

units,"
usual

passing
vivid
1

and he

returning
says

unaltered.
"

his

way
'

that

permanently existing
which makes consciousness
an

idea

[i. e.,
before

mental the

unit]
is

its appearance
at

of footlights
as
1

periodicalintervals
as

mythological
And
p.

entity

the
1

Jack

of

Spades."

yet

he

continues

Psychology

(Briefer Course),

197.

66

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY
"

LIFE

the possessor

possesses

the

possessed." James
dies
says, away

In

our

waking hours,"
each

Professor

"

though
is
placed re-

pulse

of

consciousness yet

and
among

by another,
things it knows,

that its
own

other,

the and
art
"

knows

predecessor saying,
'

finding it
mine
seems,
"

'

warm,'
of

greets
the
same

it

Thou me.'

and

part

self with writer


are

It

then, this famous


of
to

concludes, that

states

consciousness her
prove

all that

psychology
or

needs

do

work the

with. soul
to

Metaphysics
exist; but
a

ology thechology psy-

may

for

the

hypothesis of

such
1

substantial
We
are

ciple prinology the-

of hard
up
can

unity is superfluous."
if
we

certainly
which

must

depend

on

proofs

give us!
thus
once
more

We of

are

reduced Our
stream

to

condition ness consciousstates,

sheer is

naturalism.
a
"

of

only
state

rapid succession

of

passing
to
a

each
process

"

causally attached
brain.
"

molecular the is is is

in the of
a

Every psychosis is
is the
no

result
no

neurosis"

There

soul, there
there

creative

spiritual pilotof
there
are
"

stream,

no

freedom,

no

moral

values, there

nothing but passing


peeps

cosmic

weather," sometimes moonshine,


sometimes
times some-

of

sunshine, sometimes
or

drizzle
1

blizzard, and

cyclone

Ibid,

p.

203.

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

167

or

waterspout!
this
"

To
"

meet

the

appalling thinness
we

of the

cinema of world

of

mind

states, there

are

given
underand of

comfort

believing that

is

an

threshold

within, possibly more

real

surely more
states

important than
make
"

this little rivulet conscious


more

which
"

up

our

life.

There

is

fringe
that

to

consciousness adorned the defies


a
"

wonderful of the

than

which
"

robe

high
fles bafwhich
states to

priest. This
all surrounds

fringe
"

"

and description
or

analysis.
every

It is
state

halo and
"

penumbra
all the
turn out

holds
"

vitallytogether,so
unsundered in
some

that

states

be of

deeper mysterious currents


call this
the
same
"

being.

Others

would of
"

underlying,
self," i. e.,
of semikind

mysterious part
under-threshold matrix spiritual
are

us

subliminal It is
a

self." the

where

states

of

consciousness
source
can

formed
we

and
may

gestated.
trace

It

is the that

to

which

everything
of
at

not

be

explained by
and from

the

avenues

the

senses.

Demons visitants its windows.


course
or

divinities

knock

its doors
peep

and in
at

superterrestrialshores
It is often

treated, especiallyof
as
a

by
the due

Frederic

Myers,
mind

deeper
All

"

self," more
upper

less discontinuous self of


to
"

with
states.

our

conscious work
"

self,
is

of
an

genius
emergence

subliminal

uprushes,"

168

SPIRITUAL the
current

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

into

of

ideas

which

the ideas

man

is

sciously con-

manipulating
not

of other

which have

he has

but which consciously originated,

shaped James
for his

themselves of his
resorts

beyond
As
"

his will in

profounder regions
Professor
"

being."
to

is well known, subliminal

these

uprushes give
being
He
as

explanation of
and
"

all the

deeper religious experiences


to
our

he

has

done

much

credit
"

to to

these make

profounder regions of
Myers
and

and

the subliminal
as an

theory popular.
does,
treat

does another

ever, not, how-

it

"self,"
a senger mes-

intermediary between
a

earth

and

heaven,

mediator of

of all those

higher
the

and

viner di-

aspects of
sense

life which

transcend

sphere

and

of the

empiricalworld.

II

No

theory certainlyis sound


subconscious
two
more or

which
the

begins by
life selves.

cutting the
apart
There into

and less and

conscious

dissociated
evidence what

is every and

indication

of continuity and is

correlation
the

between

is above in any is the


case

what
as

is below

threshold
a
"

which
line
as

relative and so-called


"

artificial

horizon.

The

uprushes

of the

genius are

finely
which

correlated

with

his normal

experience into

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL
"

LIFE
"

169
convey

they
truth

"

uprush."
to

The

uprushes

which

Socrates the
man

beautifullyfit,first,the
and, secondly, the
Dante's
"

acter charof
"

of the

demands

temporal
to

environment. the

uprushes

correspond
medieval
are

psychologicalclimate of the uprushes world, and Shakespeare's


"
"

well

suited All and

to

the

later

period
the The

of the

sance. Renaisare gruent con-

subliminal
consonant

communications with

experience of
visions

the

person

who
seers

receives
are

them.

of apocalyptic of the of

all couched and


so,

in the too,

imagery
the

apocalyptic schools,
mediums We shall
are

reports

all in

terms

of

beliefs. spiritualistic of
our

never

find the

solution inner

religious
man

problems by dividing the


two

life of
name

into
we

unrelated

selves, by whatever

call
go

them, for any


all the way and
we

religionthat
us,
must

is

to

be

real
our

must

through
furnish and
a

unify all
and
power

powers,

must

spring

by
our

which
sciousness, con-

live here
our

now

in the

sphere of
our

character, and
to

will.
cut
or

It proves
up

be

just as
the
or

impossible to
bits
a

sciousness con-

into

fragmentary
to

units

called mind
11

states,
"

sunder
"

it into
as

so-called

self

as

knower is
never

and
a

self

known." shot
"

sciousnes Cona

shower

of

series

of discontinuous

units.

It is the most

completely

170

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

integral unity known


There breaks The
or are no

to

us

anywhere
to

in the

verse. uni-

"parts"
It is
one

out it; it is withwhole. is


our

gaps.
we can

undivided talk about

only

unit

properly
We
abstract

personal unique persisting


to
an

self in conscious
can,
as

tion relatreat

environment. in the
we can

of course,
an

consciousness
states

aggregate
account

of

and

formulate

scientific
can

of this constructed abstracted section forever

entityas
of

we

of

any

other

reality. But

this abstracted from


as we
or

entityis
and live which

totallydifferent
life within
us,

the

warm

intimate it and
we

inner feel

actually
process

its flow. is

Any only

state
an

may
a

talk about

artificial fragment

of
"

which larger,deeper reality


"

gives the
it what

fragment

its

peculiarbeing
all that

and

makes

it is.

Underneath

appears

and

happens

in the conscious
the appearances

flow is the
occur.

personal self for whom


plicitly ex-

Any psychologistwho
of his
account

leaves

this

out

always

plicitl im-

smuggles
The that knows
we

it in

again.
of

most

fact striking The

experienceis knowing
consciousness

know.
any

same

which
sciousness con-

given object in
knows itself
as

the

same

pulse of
it. of

knowing

sciousness Self-conjects. ob-

is present The thinker

in all consciousness thinks

that

is involved

in and

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

171

is bound
sort. act

up

with

all

knowledge,
every

even

of the

plest simevery

Every idea,
is what
our

and feeling, it is in If any and

of

will

it is because

living
such

unity with
"

entire

personal self.
its
our

state to

"

got do

dissociated, slipped away


on

took underbe

business
to
us

own

hook, it would
is.

as

unknown that world of

as can

guardian angel
never

The from

mind the

knows

be One

separated
can

that
a

is known. apart but


no

think of and
a

in abstracti world such


a

mind
"

by itself and
such be
a

equally isolated
wrorld

mind real with

no

actuallyexist.
to

To
commerce

mind,
a

real

self,is

be in active

real world

given
the he
same

in

experience.
unified himself and

One

thinks

his

object
is

in

pulse of consciousness
vice
versa.

in which
no

thinks

There

self-consciousness and there is


no

without

object-consciousness,
selfand
"

without object-consciousness Outer


two

consciousness.

and

inner, knower
one.

known,

are

not not

but forever

The
away

soul,"

therefore, is
or

something
our

hidden ideas

in behind

above

and

beyond

and

feelingsand
sonal per-

will activities.

It is the active
"

livingunity of
It binds

consciousness and items unit of for


a

the

one

psychic integer
all the

true

psychology.
one

experienceinto
whole

indivisible
our

unity,one
type

organic

through which

personal

172

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

of

life is made

possible.
we

At

every
out

moment

of
each

waking, fact, each


self which

life intelligent
event,

look

upon
a

each

experience from
new

wider its former of its the time

organizes the
and
a

fact in with the web

experiences,weaves
memories
new

it into and

emotions

purposes,

makes
same

fact

and part of itself,


as

yet

at

the

knows

itself

transcending study
the into

and

outliving the deeply


as

momentary
When
we

fact.

personal self
is
once

enough,
the

not

as

cut

up

artificial units, but

undivided living,

whole, which
find
are

implied
a

in

all coherent for those and men." of of

experience,we
that
"

at

basis

ideal values for The


those

itual rightlycalled spirthat make


us

mighty hopes
toward
a

first step is
to

genuine
the

basis

life spiritual the

be
to

found
its
true

in the

restoration
as

personal

self

place

mate ulti-

fact, or
As
our soon
as

datum,
we come

of self-conscious back
to

experience. reality,
find
as

this central

we unified,unique, self-active personality,

ourselves

in

possession of
say,

material

enough;

Browning

would

"

For

fiftyhopes and
new

fears nature's
in
our

As To

old and
rap

at

once

as

self, soul,

and

knock

and

enter

174

SPIRITUAL where for I


us. we

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

Meshech
narrow

sojourn
have

too

straitened
"

and is
me

We

all cried, The

Woe
reason

that
we

sojourn
the is that

in Meshech!"

that
poor

discover

limits and
we are

bounds

of

our

Meshech
the

all the time that tries

going beyond
to

hampering Meshech
us.

contain

and

imprison
The

thing which
our

spoilsall
than ideals

our

finite that have


an

camping
we
are

places is
made
or

unstilled consciousness
more

for

something
of

we

ized yet real-

attained.
our

Our

are

unmistakable
We

intimation
can
can

time-transcendingnature.
with that which
is than

no

more

stop the

Niagara

stop

at

fringe of the
the

fall. is

All consciousness

of the forward

higher rational type


toward fulfill its present

continually ried carthat would We

larger whole

complete
are

and

experience.
we
are

aware

of the limit it. The


we

only because
is
a

already
the of faith man's

beyond
little arc

present
have
we

pledge
a

of more;

which

gives us
seek.

ground

in the full circle which life which does


not

study of

deal with

this inherent

ing idealiz-

tendency is
Martineau

like Hamlet

with Hamlet

left

out.

declared:

"

Amid the

all the

sickly talk about


of
our

'

ideals

'

which
to
remem-

has

become

commonplace

age,

it is well

PSYCHOLOGY
ber
and
mere

AND

SPIRITUAL
are

LIFE

175

that
not

so

long

as

they

dreams

of future

possibility
they
not
are a

faiths in present

realities, so

long

as

of self-painting surrender
to

the yearning spiritand immediate


no

its personal
an

communion
more

with

finite in-

Perfection, they have


than

solidityor
sunshine gate

steadiness
and

floatingair-bubbles,gay passing wind.


moment
.

in the

broken
entrance

by the
to

The
. .

very

of

the religion,

of its

new

birth, is the discovery


no

that your of
a

ideal is the everlastingReal,

transient
presence

brush and

fancied

angel wing,

but

the
x

abiding

persuasion of the Soul

of souls."

In

the

same

vein

one Pringle-Pattison,

of

the

wisest

of

our

livingteachers, has

said:

"

Consciousness and the

of imperfection, the capacity for progress, alike possible to

pursuit of perfection, are

man

only through the universal


in which

life of thought and


at
once an

ness good'

he shares
an
"

and

which,

indwelling
him
on

presence

and

unattainable
2

ideal, draws

and

always

on.'

It is here

in these of
our

experiences of
but which world
is and in
a

ours

which

spring
carry

out

real nature,
what
to

which make

always

us

beyond
for
us

possibl it imof that

live

composed
are,

"

things," no
1

matter

how

golden they
(2d ed.), I,

Martineau,
The

Study

of Religion
pp.

12.

Philosophical

Radicals,

97-98.

176
we we

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES
source

IN

DAILY

LIFE

have

the

of

our we

values. spiritual
may
use

When in
two

talk about In

values the

the word
we mean mean

senses.

ordinary
which

sense

thing some-

extrinsic, utilitarian.
possess

We
be

that

we

something
else. it
or

can

exchanged
we

for sell

something
it
or

It is
use

precious because
to

can

swap
sense

it

keep life going. In the


in reference it
now

other

we

see

value
to

to

thing someor

which It is
to
or

ought

be, whether

is

not.

fitto be, it would


whole

its being justify


we

in relation

the

reality. When
we

speak of ethical

values spiritual will minister


a

are

thinking of something highest good


Value of persons in this loftier
A

that
or

to

the

of

societyof

persons.
to

meaning always
without
an

has

do end

with
or

ideals.
e.,

being
itual spirof

any

conscious have It does arises realized


as
no

goal, i.

without
no

ideal, would
values.

sense

of worth,
on

not
an

appear

the

level

instinct.

It be

appreciation of
order
to

what

ought

to

in is

complete and

fulfill any
a

life which
person many

to

be and

called

good.
lower wider

viously Ob-

with
scales

rich of

complex
under kind

interests and and

will

have
ones

value, but

lesser

will fall into


so

place
a

higher

ones,

that

one

forms
some

of hierarchical

system
supreme

of values

with

overtoppingend
the will.

of

worth

dominating

PSYCHOLOGY It becomes
one

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

177

of

the

deepest questions in the


there is between man's
nature

world

what

connection
or

values spiritual

ideals and
Are
to

the eternal these ideals from

of
ours, ralistic natu-

things in the universe.


these values
to

of the

which
the

seem

raise

us

level, just our spiritual


are

subjective
a

creations,
and

or

they expressionsof
power

ing cooperatyet in
us,

rational

beyond
of what that of

us

and

giving us
a

intimations
more

is

true

and

best and

in

world

real ideal
our

than

matter
as our

tion? mo-

These of

values, such
confidence
our

tion appreciaour

beauty,
to

in truth, for

cation dedisons, pernot

moral

causes,

love

worthy
are

our

loyaltyto
selfish
not

the

Kingdom
or

of God, individual

born

of
are

preference

desire. visions.
our

They They

capriciouslike
to

dreams

and than

attach

something deeper
our

sonal perour

wishes, in fact
devotion action
our

faith
cause
us

in them
to

and

to

them

often

take

lines of and of

straight against
desires.

our

personal wishes
stand the the
test

individual
and

They

stress

strain, they weather


most

storms

of time all

which shock

submerge
and

things, they survive


and

mutations of

only

increase

in worth

with
on no

the wastage
mere

secondary goods. impulse


or

They

rest

temporary
their
roots

sporadic whim.
race.

They

have

deep in the life of the

178

SPIRITUAL

ENERGIES

IN

DAILY

LIFE

They
and

have

lasted
are

better
upon

than

Andes

or

Ararat,
pects assure

they

based

common,
are

universal
at

of rational and

life.
are

They
laws

least

as

prophetic as
of of of
space.

of

trianglesand
on

tions rela-

If

we

can

count

the
on

nence perma-

the

table multiplication
no

and
we

the
on

tinuity con-

nature,

less and

can

count

the

conservation of life.

of

values

the

continued

cance signifiof the


some

They
universe invisible of have be moral

seem

thus
to

to

belong
the cosmic the

to

the system
of

and Pilot

have the and

guardianship ship.
The

of

streams

power

spiritual energies that


persons
are as
are

their

rise in

good

as

much

to

respectedfacts ships of
of the factor

of the universe
commerce.

the rivers

that carry
a

Moral of

goodness
it

is

in the constitution
nature

the world, and backs


as

the

eternal
as

the

universe of
some

surely
not

it backs
every

laws

hydrogen.
ideals and
are

It does unfit and

back
not

ideal, for
to
a

do

minister

coherent

ordered rationally the august


born
out

scheme sanction the tend

of life. and

Those

ideals
way

only have
are race

right of

which

of

travail age-longspiritual
to

of the
team

and

which

organize men
promote
of the the

for better
social

i. e., efforts,
ganism or-

which

the community life, these

Spirit. Through

spiritual

PSYCHOLOGY

AND

SPIRITUAL

LIFE

179

forces,
I

revealed
nearer

in normal
to

ethical life the of God

persons,

we

are,
to

believe,

the of

and than of

closer
we

the

revealing
we

centers

universe selves
man

are

when The

turn

to

the

subliminal life
a

hysterics.
and
ured meas-

normal

interior It is
not

of

is boundless
to

bottomless.

physical reality, yardsticks.


It

be
a

by
of
a

foot

rules different

or

is

reality

wholly
i.
e.,

order. In its

It

is

essentially spiritual,
and is which
we

of

spirit.
this

organized
self of
ours

entiated differoften longs be-

life weak and


to

personal
We
nature

erratic. the
very
we

feel of

the

urge

spirit,
our

but and
we

blunder
purposes,
want.

in
we

our

direction,
to

bungle
what

aims

fail
we

discover
never

it is that from

really
wider
true

But

are

insulated which
we

the the and of

itual spirinner
we

environment
world from

constitutes
have
come

which
are

to

which

belong.
with

There

many

ways

correspondence
is
more

this
more

environment.

No than the

way,

however,
way

vital,
to

life-giving
advancement

this

of

dedication
of the

the

of

moral

ideals

world.