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Refrigerant Line Sizing

Pipe Sizing Criteria


Pipe sizing choices for refrigeration typically represent a compromise between conflicting objectives. Minimisation of pressure
drops in suction and discharge vapour piping is important since these translate directly to losses in system cooling capacity. Such
pressure losses also necessitate higher thermodynamic lifts at the compressor with consequent C.O.P. penalties. Pressure losses in
liquid lines can result in loss of subcooling, formation of vapour bubbles and potentially erratic and damaging impacts on the
smooth functioning of the system. Piping must thus be sized generously enough to limit frictional flow losses.
On the other hand, sizes must simultaneously be sufficiently small to maintain adequate flow velocities to physically entrain oil droplets
in the refrigerant stream. This reduces the risk of oil trapping and slugging and assures a positive supply of lubricant in the compressor
crankcase. Other incentives for pipe size limitation include a minimum refrigerant charge and reduction of first cost.
Courtesy of Allied Signal.

R22 Suction Line

7.5

15

30

45

7.5

15

30

Evaporating Temperature: C
-18
Equivalent Length: Metres
45 7.5 15 30
45 7.5

0.88
1.76
2.64
3.52
5.28

3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

3 /8
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

3 /8
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4
3/4
7/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4
3/4
7/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8

5/8
3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8

5/8
7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

7.03
8.79
10.55
12.3
14.07

5/ 8
3/4
3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

43.96
52.76
61.55
70.34
87.93

13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8

7/ 8

15.83
17.59
21.1
26.38
35.17

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8

11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8

13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8

Refrigeration
Capacity: kW

-7

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

-29

-40

15

30

45

7.5

15

30

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8

5/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8

7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8

11/ 8 11/ 8
11/ 8 11/ 8
11/ 8 13 / 8
13 / 8 13 / 8
13 / 8 15/ 8
15 / 8 15 / 8
15 / 8 15 / 8
15 / 8 15 / 8
15 / 8 2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8 2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8 2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8 2 5 / 8
2 5/8 2 5/8
2 5/8 2 5/8
2 5 / 8 3 1/ 8

13 / 8
13 / 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8

13 / 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8

13 / 8
13 / 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8

13 / 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
15/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8

15/ 8
15/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8

45
7/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8
5 1/ 8

Data based on 1.1K maximum pressure drop equivalent.

R22
Refrigeration
Capacity: kW
0.88
1.32
1.91
2.49
3.52
5.28
7.03
8.79
10.55
12.3
14.07
15.83
17.59
21.1
26.38
35.17
43.96
52.76
61.55
70.34
87.93

Discharge Line

Liquid Line
Equivalent Length: Metres
7.5
15
30*
45

Hot Gas Line **

7.5

15

30

45

7.5

15

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2

3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

1/ 4
1/ 4
1/ 4
1/ 4
3 /8

1/ 4
1/ 4
1/ 4
3 /8
3 /8

1/ 4
3 /8
3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

1/ 4
3 /8
3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4
3/4
3/4

3/4
3/4
7 /8
7 /8
7 /8

3/4
7 /8
7 /8
7 /8
11/ 8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2

1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8

5/ 8
3/4
3/4
7 /8
7 /8

3/4
7 /8
7 /8
11/ 8
11/ 8

3/4
3/4
3/4
7 /8
7 /8

7 /8
7 /8
7 /8
11/ 8
11/ 8

5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4
3/4
7 /8

3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
7 /8

11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

1/ 2
1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8

3/4
3/4
7 /8
7 /8
7 /8
11/ 8

3/4
7 /8
7 /8
7 /8
11/ 8
11/ 8

7 /8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8

30

45

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4
3/4

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4
7 /8

7 /8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
13/ 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

* Line sizes are


suitable for
Condenser to
Receiver
Application.
**For suction
Temperatures less
than -29C, the
next larger line
size must be used.

Copper tube sizes are: OD in inches.

Your best Solution...


9/2005 GSA Industries (Aust.) Pty. Ltd. ABN 71 004 784 301

396

Section 8

Refrigerant Line Sizing


R134a

SUCTION LINE

DISCHARGE LINE

Sizes to Limit Pressure Drop to 1.1K Equivalent

Refrigeration
Capacity: kW

0.88
1.76
2.64
3.52
5.28
7.03
10.55
17.59
26.38
35.17
52.76
70.34
87.93
105.5
140.7

4C Evap.

-18C Evap.

7.5

15

30

7.5

15

30

3 /8
1/ 2
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

5/ 8
3/4
3/4

3/4
7/ 8
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

7/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8

11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8

11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8

LIQUID LINE

Sizes for 0.56K Equivalent Sizes for 0.56K Equivalent

-40C Evap.
Equivalent Length: Metres
7.5
15
30
3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
3 5/8
5 1/ 8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8
5 1/ 8
4 1/ 8
5 1/ 8
5 1/ 8
4 1/ 8
5 1/ 8
6 1/ 8
5 1/ 8
6 1/ 8
6 1/ 8

7.5

15

30

7.5

15

30

3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
5/ 8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

3 /8
3 /8
3 /8

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2

7/ 8

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
3/4
3/4

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8

Data based on 49C condensing.


Copper tubing sizes are: OD in inches.

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8

Courtesy of Allied Signal

R404A and R507


SUCTION LINE

DISCHARGE LINE

Sizes to Limit Pressure Drop to 1.1K Equivalent

Refrigeration
Capacity: kW

0.88
1.76
2.64
3.52
5.28
7.03
10.55
17.59
26.38
35.17
52.76
70.34
87.93
105.5
140.7

4C Evap.
7.5

15

30

7.5

15

-40C Evap.
Equivalent Length: Metres
30
7.5
15
30
7.5

15

30

7.5

15

30

3 /8
3 /8
1/ 2

3 /8
1/ 2
1/ 2

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

1/ 2
3/4
3/4

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

5/ 8
7/ 8
11/ 8

3/4
11/ 8
11/ 8

3/8
3/8
3/8

3/8
3/8
1/ 2

3/8
1/ 2
1/ 2

1/ 4
1/ 4
3/8

1/ 4
3/8
3/8

1/ 4
3/8
3/8

1/ 2
5/ 8
3/4

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

3/4
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

3/8
3/8
3/8

3/8
3/8
1/ 2

3/8
1/ 2
1/ 2

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8

11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8

13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8
4 1/ 8
5 1/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8
4 1/ 8

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8
3 5/8

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

1/ 2
1/ 2
5/ 8

1/ 2
5/ 8
5/ 8

5/ 8
5/ 8
3/4

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8

5/ 8
3/4
7/ 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8

3/4
7/ 8
11/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8

-18C Evap.

LIQUID LINE

Sizes for 0.56K Equivalent Sizes for 0.56K Equivalent

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 5/8
2 5/8
3 1/ 8
3 1/ 8
3 5/8

11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
15 / 8
15 / 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8
2 1/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8

Data based on 49C condensing.


Copper tubing sizes are: OD in inches.

7/ 8

11/ 8
11/ 8
11/ 8
13 / 8
13 / 8

Courtesy of Allied Signal

Equivalent Length of Pipe: Metres For Valves and Fittings


Line Size
Outside Dia. Inches

1/ 2

5/ 8

7/8

11/ 8

13 / 8

15/ 8

2 1/ 8

2 5/8

3 1/ 8

3 5/8

4 1/ 8

5 1/ 8

6 1/ 8

8 1/ 8

10 1/ 8 12 1/ 8

Globe Valve (Open)


Angle Valve (Open)
Standard Elbow 90
Standard Elbow 45

4.3
2.1
0.3
0.3

4.9
2.7
0.6
0.3

6.7
3.7
0.6
0.3

8.5
4.6
0.9
0.6

11
5.5
1.2
0.6

12.8
6.4
1.2
0.6

17.4
8.5
1.5
0.6

21
10.4
2.1
0.9

25.3
12.8
2.4
1.2

30.2
14.9
3
1.5

36
17.4
3.7
1.8

42.1
21.3
4.3
2.1

51.2
25.3
4.9
2.4

68.6
35.7
6.1
3

85.3
42.7
7.9
4

102
50.3
9.4
4.9

Standard Tee
(Through Side Out.)

0.9

1.2

1.5

1.8

2.4

2.7

3.7

4.3

5.2

6.1

6.7

8.5

10.4

13.4

17.1

19.8

Values shown are average.

Your best Solution...


9/2005 GSA Industries (Aust.) Pty. Ltd. ABN 71 004 784 301

397

Section 8

Copper Tube - Safe Working Pressures


Australian Standard AS/NZS 1571 Copper
Seamless Tubes for Air-conditioning and Refrigeration
Standard sizes and data for straight copper tubes

Outside
Diameter
(mm)
6.35

Imperial
Wall
Equivalent
Thickness
O.D. and
(mm)
swg
1/ x 20
0.91
4

Nominal
Weight
(kg/m)

Form

0.139

6m straight

x 20

0.220

6m straight

x 20

0.301

6m straight

1/

9.53

0.91

3/
8

12.70

0.91

1/
2

12.70

1.02

1/
2

15.88

0.91

5/
8

15.88

1.02

5/
8

19.05

0.91

3/
4

19.05

1.02

3/
4

19.05

1.22

3/
4

22.23

0.91

7/
8

22.23

1.22

7/
8

x 18

22.23

1.63

7/
8

x 16

25.40

0.91

25.40

1.22

25.40

1.63

28.57
28.57

Temper

Safe Working Pressure (kPa) at service temperature


50oC

55oC

60oC

65oC

70oC

12142

11431

10907

10528

10256

H
2H

7710

7258

6925

6685

6512

5653

5322

5078

4901

4774

2H

x 19

0.335

6m straight

1/

6389

6015

5739

5540

5396

x 20

0.383

6m straight

1/

2H

4459

4198

4006

3866

3766

x 19

0.426

6m straight

1/

2H

5031

4737

4519

4362

4249

x 20

0.464

6m straight

1/

2H

3684

3468

3309

3194

3111

x 19

0.517

6m straight

1/

2H

4152

3909

3729

3600

3507

x 18

0.611

6m straight

1/

2H

5015

4722

4505

4349

4236

x 20

0.545

6m straight

1/

2H

3137

2953

2818

2720

2649

0.720

6m straight

1/

2H

4261

4011

3827

3694

3599

0.943

6m straight

5794

5455

5204

5024

4894

1 x 20

0.626

6m straight

2732

2572

2454

2369

2308

1 x 18

0.829

6m straight

3705

3488

3328

3212

3129

1.088

6m straight

5026

4732

4515

4358

4245

0.91

1 x 16
11/8 x 20

0.707

6m straight

2420

2278

2174

2098

2044

1.22

11/8 x 18

0.937

6m straight

3277

3086

2944

2842

2768

28.57

1.83

1 x 15

1.374

6m straight

5016

4723

4506

4350

4237

31.75

0.91

11/4 x 20

0.788

6m straight

2171

2044

1950

1883

1834

31.75

1.22

11/4 x 18

1.046

6m straight

2937

2765

2639

2547

2481

31.75

2.03

11/4 x 14

1.694

6m straight

5007

4714

4497

4341

4229

34.92

0.91

13/8 x 20

0.869

6m straight

1969

1854

1769

1708

1663

34.92

1.22

1 x 18

1.155

6m straight

2662

2506

2391

2308

2248

34.92

2.03

13/8 x 14

1.875

6m straight

4527

4262

4067

3925

3824

38.10

0.91

1 x 20

0.951

6m straight

1801

1696

1618

1562

1522

38.10

1.22

11/2 x 18

1.264

6m straight

2433

2291

2186

2110

2055

41.27

0.91

1 x 20

1.032

6m straight

1660

1563

1491

1440

1402

41.27

1.22

15/8 x 18

1.372

6m straight

2241

2110

2013

1943

1893

41.27

2.41

15/8 x 12.5

2.630

6m straight

4549

4282

4086

3944

3842

44.45

0.91

1 x 20

1.113

6m straight

1539

1449

1383

1335

1300

44.45

1.22

13/4 x 18

1.481

6m straight

2077

1955

1866

1801

1754

50.80

0.91

2 x 20

1.275

6m straight

1344

1265

1207

1165

1135

50.80

1.22

2 x 18

1.699

6m straight

1812

1705

1627

1571

1530

50.80

1.63

6m straight

2438

2296

2190

2114

2060

0.91

2 x 16
21/8 x 20

2.251

53.97

1.356

6m straight

1264

1190

1135

1096

1067

53.97

1.22

21/8 x 18

1.807

6m straight

1703

1603

1530

1477

1438

53.97

1.63

21/8 x 16

2.396

6m straight

2291

2157

2058

1987

1935

66.68

1.22

25/8 x 18

2.243

6m straight

1373

1293

1233

1190

1160

66.68

1.63

5/
8

2 x 16

2.978

6m straight

1845

1737

1657

1599

1558

76.20

1.63

3 x 16

3.414

6m straight

1610

1515

1446

1396

1360

101.60

1.63

4 x 16

4.577

6m straight

1201

1131

1079

1042

1015

1/
8

3/
8

1/
2

5/
8

3/
4

Denotes R410A rated tube


Courtesy of Crane Enfield Metals Pty Ltd

Your best Solution...


9/2005 GSA Industries (Aust.) Pty. Ltd. ABN 71 004 784 301

398

Section 8

Copper Tube - Safe Working Pressures


Australian Standard AS/NZS 1571 Copper
Seamless Tubes for Air-conditioning and Refrigeration
Standard sizes and data for annealed coil copper tubes

Outside
Diameter
(mm)
4.76
4.76
4.76
6.35
6.35
6.35
6.35
7.94
7.94
7.94
9.53
9.53
9.53
12.70
12.70
12.70
12.70
15.88
15.88
15.88
15.88
15.88
19.05
19.05
19.05
22.23

Imperial
Wall
Equivalent
Thickness
O.D. and
(mm)
swg
0.56
0.71
0.91
0.56
0.71
0.91
1.22
0.56
0.71
0.91
0.56
0.71
0.91
0.56
0.71
0.81
0.91
0.56
0.71
0.81
0.91
1.02
0.71
0.91
1.22
0.91

x 24
x 22
3/ x 20
16
1/ x 24
4
1/ x 22
4
1/ x 20
4
1/ x 18
4
5/ x 24
16
5/ x 22
16
5/ x 20
16
3/ x 24
8
3/ x 22
8
3/ x 20
8
1/ x 24
2
1/ x 22
2
1/ x 21
2
1/ x 20
2
5/ x 24
8
5/ x 22
8
5/ x 21
8
5/ x 20
8
5/ x 19
8
3/ x 22
4
3/ x 20
4
3/ x 18
4
7/ x 20
8
3/
16
3/
16

Nominal
Weight
(kg/m)

Form

0.066
0.081
0.098
0.091
0.112
0.139
0.176
0.116
0.144
0.180
0.141
0.176
0.220
0.191
0.239
0.270
0.301
0.241
0.303
0.343
0.383
0.426
0.366
0.464
0.611
0.545

30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
30m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil
18m Coil

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Nominal
Weight
(kg/m)

Form

Temper

Temper

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Safe Working Pressure (kPa) at service temperature


50oC

55oC

60oC

65oC

70oC

9711
12715
17041
7069
9175
12142
17143
5558
7177
9431
4579
5893
7710
3389
4344
4994
5653
2688
3438
3945
4459
5031
2846
3684
5015
3137

9142
11971
16043
6656
8638
11431
16140
5232
6757
8879
4311
5548
7258
3190
4090
4701
5322
2530
3237
3715
4198
4737
2679
3468
4722
2953

8723
11422
15308
6350
8242
10907
15400
4993
6447
8472
4113
5294
6925
3044
3903
4486
5078
2414
3088
3544
4006
4519
2557
3309
4505
2818

8420
11025
14776
6130
7955
10528
14864
4819
6223
8177
3970
5110
6685
2938
3767
4330
4901
2331
2981
3421
3866
4362
2468
3194
4349
2720

8202
10739
14393
5971
7749
10256
14480
4694
6062
7966
3867
4978
6512
2862
3669
4218
4774
2270
2904
3332
3766
4249
2404
3111
4236
2649

Pair Coil Specifications


Outside
Diameter
(mm)
6.35
9.52
6.35
12.70
6.35
15.88
9.52
15.88
9.52
19.05
12.70
19.05

Imperial
Wall
Equivalent
Thickness
O.D. and
(mm)
swg
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
0.81
1.02
0.81
1.02
0.81
1.22
0.81
1.22

1/ x 21
4
3/ x 21
8
1/ x 21
4
1/ x 21
2
1/ x 21
4
5/ x 19
8
3/ x 21
8
5/ x 19
8
3/ x 21
8
3/ x 18
4
1/ x 21
2
3/ x 18
4

0.126
0.198
0.126
0.270
0.126
0.426
0.198
0.426
0.198
0.611
0.270
0.611

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

20m Coil
20m Coil
20m Coil
20m Coil
20m Coil
20m Coil

Safe Working Pressure (kPa) at service temperature


50oC

55oC

60oC

65oC

70oC

10635
6800
10635
4994
10635
5031
6800
5031
6800
5015
4994
5015

10012
6402
10012
4701
10012
4737
6402
4737
6402
4722
4701
4722

9553
6108
9553
4486
9553
4519
6108
4519
6108
4505
4486
4505

9221
5896
9221
4330
9221
4362
5896
4362
5896
4349
4330
4349

8982
5743
8982
4218
8982
4249
5743
4249
5743
4236
4218
4236

Interpolation of allowable design stress as defined by table D7 of AS4041 for below temperatures

Temperature (oC)

50.0

55.0

60.0

65.0

70.0

75.0

SD (MPa)

41.0

38.6

36.83

35.55

34.63

34.0

Working Pressures
Safe working pressures for copper tube are calculated on the basis of annealed
temper tube with the maximum allowable outside diameter and minimum
wall thickness, thus allowing for softening of the tube due to brazing or
heating. All safe working pressures are based on the following formula:
Psw = 2000 x SD x tm
D - tm
Denotes R410A rated tube

Your best Solution...


9/2005 GSA Industries (Aust.) Pty. Ltd. ABN 71 004 784 301

Where:
Psw = safe working pressure (MPa)
SD

= maximum allowable design


stress for annealed copper (MPa)

tm
D

= minimum wall thickness of tube (mm)


= outside diameter or tube (mm)
Courtesy of Crane Enfield Metals Pty Ltd

399

Section 8