E NEWS

E-JETS

EMBRAER SERVICES & SUPPORT T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N

77

MAY/2013

FAMILY

77
Editor: Rodrigo de Macedo / Editorial Designer: Marcell Marra

E-JETS/INFO

This edition and earlier ones can be found at Flyembraer Portal: www.flyembraer.com > Download_center > Commercial Jets > Maintenance > Technical Support > E-Jets NEWS. Should you need any additional information, do not hesitate to contact us: +55 12 3927-8495 / technical.support@embraer.com.br

Proprietary Notice

The articles published in E-NEWS are for information only and are the Embraer S/A property. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without Embraer’s written consent. Also, no article published should be considered authority-approved data, unless so specifically stated.

SERVICES & SUPPORT

N U M B E R 7 7 .SUMMARY E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . Efficient Operation and Maintenance Cost Reduction MAINTENANCE FOCUS ON SNAPSHOT OF THE MONTH 10 11 New Limits for Flight Control Surface Backlash 12 E-Jets Engine Bleed System 18 .M A Y 2 0 1 3 SUMMARY CALENDAR TECHNICAL Choose your destination 2 REMINDER DID YOU KNOW? 3 New Brakes Design E190 Nacelle Bleed Valve -1 Causing Bleed Leak 4 5 GE Oil System Indication Service Bulletins 6 EECE News 3 CSS Survey.

M A Y 2 0 1 3 EDITORIAL Message from the Embraer Commercial Aviation Vice-President Also. enhance the quality and expand the scope of the materials we provide to you. who have provided encouragement and support all along the way.000. like you.N U M B E R 7 7 . E175. I’m sure this edition and upcoming ones will keep delivering valuable information regarding our Products & Services. This movement aims to make your experience better through a publication that is more moden and with a new format.000 flight hours. This is a milestone achievement that would not have been possible were it not for our customers. Thank you for your confidence in Embraer and enjoy the journey! Innovation and creativity in our communication channels is also a big part of Embraer Services & Support target. I am honored to share the news with you that our E-Jets family of commercial aircraft. Luiz Hamilton Lima Vice President Services & Support Embraer Commercial Aviation 1 This month. I’m glad to announce that our E-News was totally redesigned. I hope this initiative brings you a more enjoyable reading.EDITORIAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . E190 and E195 have reached a total of 10. We are constantly looking for creative ways to streamline the delivery. which include: the E170. .

M A Y 2 0 1 3 CALENDAR E V E N TS MAY What will happen 18th-22nd ALTA CCMA .000 Flight Hours Milestone E-Jets Family Customer Satisfaction Survey 2013 Last day to fill it out! .000. four-day event that provides the opportunity for interaction and networking between suppliers and airline representatives.Panama City For decades.N U M B E R 7 7 . 2 31st 10. CCMA has been bringing together Latin American & Caribbean airline technical buyers and industry suppliers in a unique.CALENDAR E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .

Rodrigo de Macedo Technical Support (EFTC) rodrigo.br 3 In April/2013 MABS has released the SB 90000583-32-08 which introduces the new E170/175 brake PN 90000583-5 and 900005835PR.TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .macedo@embraer.M A Y 2 0 1 3 New Brakes Design As already informed in the E-Jet NEWS # 64 (Mar/2012) the brakes for E170/175 and E190/195 were redesigned to address two issues affecting the current PN: Rotor 1 lugs cracking and wear indicator pin bent/missing. . the PIL (Parts Information Letter) 17032-0069 was issued to permit the new brake installation.com. For the E190/195 fleet the new brake is expected for 4Q/2013. In addition.N U M B E R 7 7 .

The AMM 36-11-03 Rev.nishihara@embraer. 15 is available since MAR/2013.M A Y 2 0 1 3 E190 Nacelle Bleed Valve -1 Causing Bleed Leak Embraer received a field report of engine air bleed leak through the NAPRSOV installation clamps.br In order to avoid such event.com.TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . causing the bleed air leak. including additional details for a correct key tab fitting between valve and bleed duct. Eduardo Nishihara Technical Support (EFTC) Eduardo. A detailed investigation revealed that the bleed valve key tab was not properly fitted to the bleed duct.N U M B E R 7 7 . 4 Leaking Points Valve Out of Position Make sure that the duct key tab is properly engaged on the bleed valve. . Embraer revised the AMM TASK 36-11-03 NAPRSOV Removal/Installation Procedure.

Both category 2 Service Bulletins can be accomplished on wing or in shop and GE recommends the accomplishment of these Service Bulletins as soon as possible without effect on revenue service but before 850 hours from their issue date.com.M A Y 2 0 1 3 GE Oil System Indication Service Bulletins GE issued service bulletins SB 77-0004 for CF34-10E and SB 77-0006 for CF34-8E. providing procedures to inspect and replace suspects oil pressure transmitters (P/N 4120T16P01) with the new oil pressure transmitter (P/N 4120T16P02) because of a non conforming electron beam welding of the connector to the filter housing assembly performed at the Original Equipment Manufacturer.TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . Victor de Andrade Nunes Technical Support (EFTC) victor.br 5 Detail .N U M B E R 7 7 .nunes@embraer. Additionally. SB 77-0005 for CF34-10E and SB 770007 for CF34-8E were issued introducing a new Oil Pressure Transmitter (P/N 4120T16P02) as an improvement (OPT high temp) to eliminate the false indication avoiding operational impacts as already informed in the E-Jet NEWS # 69 (Aug/2012).

2013. Embraer will plant a tree to rebuild the Atlantic Forest in the São José dos Campos region. 6 .Embraer Excellence in Customer Experience pantalena@embraer.br The 2013 edition of our biennial Customer Satisfaction Survey (CSS 2013) started on April 1st. In this CSS edition.TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .M A Y 2 0 1 3 EECE EMBRAER EXCELENCE IN CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE Bring back the green color Antonio Pantalena EECE .N U M B E R 7 7 .com. 2013 and will finish on May 31st. for each filled individual survey.

br. reducing pilot workload. The development is on its initial phase. On the following issues we will present more information regarding other EECE Technology improvements have resulted in new functionalities which allow lightweight portable Projects.com. 7 In order to be always aligned with the market trends. and also contributes for a paperless cockpit.oliveira@embraer. a tablet solution that will guide crews through the procedure steps associated to the airplane condition. send us an e-mail: opereng@embraer. . easier to use with minimal training and has highlighted deferred items (which won’t be forgotten). and will be possible to link this App with the ePerfBook for takeoff and landing performance calculations and to provide performance calculation for landing distance corrected by emergency and abnormal factors. This will allow flight crew to accomplish the re quired checklists more efficiently thanks to an improved navigation and search device which helps the pilot to find every checklist easily. the eQRH will help pilots on decision making during critical emergency situations.M A Y 2 0 1 3 EECE EMBRAER EXCELENCE IN CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE Values to the Customers Luiz Eduardo A.br In this issue we will show you some results related to Efficient Operation and Maintenance Cost Reduction Projects. For further information.Embraer Excellence in Customer Experience led.N U M B E R 7 7 .TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . Furthermore. just like Normal Checklist. tablets to replace paper manuals and additional features that improve the activities in the cockpit. it is easier to update. For example. This solution will be available on 2014 for E-Jets.com. Efficient Operation There are many advantages in the mobile device use in relation to the QRH paper manual. and we will keep you updated about this new project. The eQRH will have all the elements that are found in a paper QRH. de Oliveira EECE . Emergency and Abnormal Procedures and Performance Calculation. Embraer is working on the eQRH.

Some operators were present during the web based meeting to understand and contribute with the Maintenance Cost Reduction Project. The presentation is available at FlyEmbraer website on the following address: Execution Download center Commercial Jets Maintenance Maintenance Cost E-Jets Cost Reduction Project Online Conferences MCW 2012 ATA Analysis Opportunity list Multidisciplinary Team Validation FEB/13 Supplier discussion Work in Progress Operator Validation SEP/12 JAN/13 FEB/13 8 Maintenance Cost Reduction Opportunities Identification MAR/13 Communications: Keep our Customers informed on the issues at all times Validation and Priorization MAR/13 Project Detailing .TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . 2013 the first web conference call with operators providing status for the ongoing activities of the E-Jets Maintenance Cost Reduction Project.N U M B E R 7 7 .M A Y 2 0 1 3 EECE EMBRAER EXCELENCE IN CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE Maintenance Cost Reduction Did you know that the first worldwide fleet session of the E-Jets Maintenance Cost Reduction Project via WEBEX was performed last month? The Embraer Maintenance Economics & MRO Services team held on April 03rd.

com. – São José dos Campos Phone: +55 12 3927 4084 maintenance.TECHNICAL E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .br 9 .00/FH and Embraer will keep you informed regularly and request your constant participation.cost@embraer.A. Please continue forwarding information and questions to the CAM or to: Maintenance Support Engineering Services and Support – Commercial Aviation EMBRAER S.M A Y 2 0 1 3 EECE EMBRAER EXCELENCE IN CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE The list of opportunities raised as potential maintenance cost reduction factors was made available to the Customer’s prioritization and it was a valuable opportunity to have the Customers with us in the project.N U M B E R 7 7 . It is important to emphasize that the E-Jets Maintenance cost reduction target to 2013 is USD20.

that C&D/Monogram made available an alternative erosion tape applicable to the drain masts? According to C&D/Monogram.DRAIN MAST EROSION TAPE which advises the operators about the availability of an alternate tape with a greater thickness and higher shear adhesive to improve component reliability and also informs operators about the recommended inspection interval. This is a free of charge Technical Support Service offered by ACSS to their TCAS customers.DRAIN MAST EROSION TAPE and SNL190-38-0024 .. 10 .WATER/WASTE . Embraer Service News Letters 170-34-0043 and 19034-0042 provides further information related to this service and are available for download at Flyembraer web site.br Luciana Silva e Santos Gobbatto Technical Support (EFTC) luciana. according to MPD Requirement 53-00-001-0001. Did you know? .M A Y 2 0 1 3 Eder Rodrigues de Almeida Technical Support (EFTC) eder..almeida@embraer. Embraer issued the SNL170-38-0023 .br Reminder Embraer would like to remind operators that ACSS. Please.santos@embraer.REMINDER & DID YOU KNOW? E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .WATER/WASTE . which is the supplier for the TCAS system installed in the E-Jets.com. take your time and check the mentioned Service Newsletter. has created a team named ACSS TCAS Event Response Team to provide a timely response to TCAS events. in last March.N U M B E R 7 7 . Due to this situation.com. some drain masts with severely eroded tape or with the tape completely missing are being received.

Functional Test (AMM TASK 27-30-00-720-801-A).This new part number supersedes the P/N AGElowing AMM tasks for the functional test of the Flight Control Surface Backlash 04760-203.N U M B E R 7 7 . Embraer updated and will make available the fol.Functional Test (AMM TASK 27-40-00-720-801-A). The new part number (P/N) is AGE-04760-204. Based on the stated above.com.Functional Test (AMM TASK 27-20-00-720-801-A). which will not be used anymore.macedo@embraer. Embraer updated and will make available through the FlyEmbraer a new part number (P/N) of Ground Support Equipment (GSE 421) for the backlash calculation software with the new maximum permitted limits in order to help the opIn order to inform all operators about the availability of new maximum permit. Embraer has released the SNL 190-27-0055. with the new maximum permitted limits: Aileron Control System Backlash .control surfaces.br Besides that. 11 . Horizontal-Stabilizer System Backlash . the maximum permitted limits of backlash were updated according to the degradation line. Rudder Control System Backlash .MAINTENANCE E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . Artur Macedo EFTC artur. face Backlash and new GSE part number for the backlash calculation software of the aircraft flight control surfaces.M A Y 2 0 1 3 New Limits for Flight Control Surface Backlash Due to the optimization of MRBR tasks for backlash inspections and to assure the optimum time intervals for programmed maintenance on the MRB of all flight control surfaces. Elevator Control System Backlash .Functional Test (AMM TASK 27-10-00-720-801-A).erators to calculate the backlash of the aircraft flight ted limits in the AMM procedures for the functional test of the Flight Control Sur.

leal@embraer. It also provides automatic protection against air leakage (E-Jets News #55). The volume of air goes through insulated ducts on its way to the air-conditioning packs. by shutting down the affected branch. the high stage is the only source of air at sufficient pressure to meet the needs of the bleed system. The system works basically in the following manner: outside air enters the compressor stages of the engine core.FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . The packs are located under the wing at the center of the airplane. The high stage is the highest air pressure available from the engine compressor. LH or RH. The exact stage varies from one model to another. In the E-Jets. Leal EFTC jose. The function of the pre-cooler is to transfer heat from the bleed air (hot) to the fan-air (cold) discharging the excess of energy back into the atmosphere (overboard). It controls the bleed air and supplies it to the pneumatic processes (engine start. In these cases. At low engine power.N U M B E R 7 7 . Some of this air is then extracted from the engine core through two bleed port openings in the side of the engine. The bleed system constantly monitors engine conditions. one from the engine’s higher compressor stage an the other from the lower one. After exiting the bleed system. LH or RH.M A Y 2 0 1 3 E . the system provides cross bleed management for the operation of both ECS cooling packs and slat anti-ice systems during single bleed operation.J E TS E N G I N E BLEED SYSTEM The bleed system is the core of the aircraft environment control system. over-temperature and valve failures. 12 .br a heat exchanger (the pre-cooler). This ensures that the temperature of the pneumatic manifold is within the required margins. each one usually labeled with the respective side.com. air conditioning. overpressure. The bleed system consists of a number of valves and Jose Claudio S. That is for both engines. except for a shutoff selection available to the pilots on the overhead panel in the flight deck. The bleed port which extracts the air depends on the positioning of valves that control the bleed ports. In the E-Jets. the pneumatic system control functions are effectively integrated with the anti-ice and air conditioning functions through the AMS (Air Management System) controller. It automatically controls the high/low stage switching priorities in relation to the aircraft operation. thus conserving energy. the bleed system operation is totally automatic. pressurization and ice protection). It automatically provides air at the proper temperature and pressure required to meet the needs of all pneumatic services. the air enters the pneumatic manifold at a temperature of 204ºC and an av- erage pressure of 35 psig (during cruise).

which may That being said. the EMBRAER 190 NAPRSOV reliability is lower than the 170. airflow references and tougher boundary conditions. it is possible to state that the result in the stall of the engine compressor. the torque-motor pressurizes the valves’ pneumatic lines (sense lines) to make them open or close partially or completely until the pressure in the bleed lines is compatible with the demand (according to the readings of a pressure sensor). Based on this input. However. . (NAPRSOV) and also a check valve to prevent the reverse airflow from one port to another.FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . For this reason. LOW STAGE EMBRAER 170 EMBRAER 190 6 5 HIGH STAGE 10 9 E . Currently. which means that the HPSOV will be in action Engine bleed ports on the E-Jets (in conjunction with the NAPRSOV) during aircraft For this. the NAPRSOV reliability numbers are heavily affected. usually during ground opervalve (HPSOV) and one manifold regulator valve ations and flight-approach. This way. for any E-Jet model. a new NAPRSOV is being analyzed by Embraer and UTAS engineering first for the EMBRAER 190. the EMBRAER 190 engine dimensions are bigger than the 170. the AMS controller sends an electrical signal to the valves torque-motor. Both bleed valves are commanded by one torque-motor controller. the NAPRSOV is responsible for most of bleed valves removals. the AMS controller regulates the HPSOV whenever the aircraft power reduces from ~80% N2.N U M B E R 7 7 . 13 Basically. with increased engine power. while the HPSOV remains closed during ~90% of the flight (provided the anti-ice system is not activated). the E-Jets use one high-stage regulator lower power demand. NAPRSOV operates continuously. located at the aircraft pylon with two separate channels (one for each valve).J E TS E N G I N E B L E E D S YST E M EMBRAER 170 (left) and 190 (right) manifold configurations The system architecture for any E-Jet model is quite the same. Today. In order to achieve the reference pressure of 35 psig at the manifold (during cruise).M A Y 2 0 1 3 Bleeding from the Engine PRESSURE CONTROL The bleed system regulates and controls the bleed pressure prior to delivery it to the pneumatic system bleed air manifold by controlling the flow selection between the HP (High Pressure) and LP (Low Pressure) engine bleed ports.

Bleed Valve Scheme) DESCRIPTION Bleed Air Fans Air Air Pressure Control Electrical Signal 14 Bleed System Schematic .M A Y 2 0 1 3 SERVO CONTROL (Ref.N U M B E R 7 7 .FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY .

FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . the engine pneumatic bleed system must also regulate and control the bleed temperature prior to delivery it to the pneumatic system bleed air manifold. the wing anti-ice supply temperature sensor installed downstream of the wing anti-ice valve. Engine bleed air is cooled in the pre-cooler which is installed in the engine pylon. And.N U M B E R 7 7 . The AMS controller then provides a torque motor current to the fan-air valve in order to control the cold air flow and get the Typical Bleed Valve Scheme desired temperature in the pre-cooler bleed air outlet. important bleed air customers requires pre-established values of bleed temperature for a good performance. 15 TEMPERATURE CONTROL EMBRAER 170 (top) and 190 (bottom) bleed temperature control configurations . in the EMBRAER 170 model. In addition to the system integrity and the aircraft protection.M A Y 2 0 1 3 E . ti-ice is operating.J E TS E N G I N E B L E E D S YST E M Bleeding from the Engine Any damages or leakages on the bleed valve sense lines may cause a slow response of the valves to commands. there are operators constantly registering such occurrences. the static test of the bleed valves The manifold temperature is controlled to 204°C for normal ECS operation and to 232°C when the slat ansense lines is extremely important. The AMS controller receives the temperature feedback from the manifold temperature sensor installed downstream the pre-cooler and. Two main components are responsible for reducing the temperature of the air that comes from the engine compressor: the pre-cooler and the fan-air valve. For this reason. This situation may imply on annunciated bleed failure and/or overpressure events. As mentioned. as a matter of fact. The bleed air temperature is controlled by the cold air flow modulation across the pre-cooler using the fan-air valve. or even the observation of bleed pressure instability during any flight phase.

Nevertheless.M A Y 2 0 1 3 E . the AMS controller will shut down the affected system. failure condition for detecting a bleed system over temperature. In case of failures at close positions (for example. which sends an electrical signal to the valve’s torque-motor.N U M B E R 7 7 . or other components fed by the aircraft pneumatic system. in such cases. the bleed air temperature may be as low as 50ºC. the fan-air valve is commanded by the AMS controller.J E TS E N G I N E B L E E D S YST E M Bleeding from the Engine Similarly to the bleed valves. for the EMBRAER 170 both pre-cooler and fan-air valve are installed in the pylon. partially or totally. In this case. the temperature in the bleed ducts may rise and the system will trigger a fan-air valve (close) CMC message and/or a bleed Either way. Typical Fan-Air Valve Scheme The fan-air valve is normally open and its pneumatic sense line has a filter. However. 16 Fan-air valve x AMS Controller Simplified Scheme (typical) . and is also detected and alerted by fan-air valve (open) CMC messages. thus not being able to move its piston to close positions. dimensions and boundary conditions.FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . the system will keep running. when the valve’s torque-motor is contaminated and/or out of calibration). As a consequence. for example. or ‘low temperature’) is usually due to other failure modes. As observed in the previously mentioned schematics. until the temperature in the bleed lines are compatible with the demand (according to the readings of a temperature sensor). One issue presently affecting the fan-air valve operation is this filter getting clogged before its cleaning period. the torque-motor pressurizes the valves’ pneumatic line (attached to the valve) to make it open or close. within the valve’s hardware. of the pack system. The opposite condition (bleed under temperature. which is not good for the performance. the replacement of the affected fan-air vale is recommended. Based on this input. Another point that deserves attention is that the EMBRAER 170 and 190 have different system installations due to their specific engine configurations. the air will not make through the valve’s sense line.

M A Y 2 0 1 3 E . The operator’s occurrences of the latter issue were analyzed at the EFTC office. Neither of the above mentioned cases leads to Bleed Leak events (messages). which is not correct as per the analysis done by the ‘RCCA’ phase of this field issue. and the possibility the gasket that interfaces the outlet duct found delaminated during services at the area.000 FH. Embraer is investigating the possibility of cracks on the pre-cooler body. confirming the analysis previously done. there is a service bulletin released to prevent events of failures of the gasket that interfaces with the outlet ducts. the pre-cooler and the fanair valve are installed under the pylon firewall. As a consequence.FOCUS ON E M B R A E R S E R V I C E S & S U P P O R T T E C H N I C A L P U B L I C AT I O N E J E T S F A M I LY . For the EMBRAER 190. Technicians may take the air leakage from the Y-duct as the cause of the burnt cables. also affecting units logging more than 10.J E TS E N G I N E B L E E D S YST E M Bleeding from the Engine Regarding the issues related to the EMBRAER 170 pre-cooler installation. On the other hand. Reminding that in this case the latest part number of the outlet grill introduced a decrease in the airflow area. Embraer is investigating the possibility of air leakage due to damages on the Y-duct (underneath the unit). and. This bulletin also introduces a protective shield for the electrical cables that passes by the lower section of the pre-cooler and may be found damaged (with burnt insulation) in case of an air leakage in the region. with consequent increase of pressure. thus making the system prone for leakages. 17 . UTAS and two operators. Regarding the issues related to the EMBRAER 190 pre-cooler installation. mainly affecting units logging more than 18. during a recent visit to Embraer Nashville with representatives of Embraer engineering. unless combined with air leakage through the pre-cooler outlet duct interface with the pylon outlet grill (overboard). the issue of the gasket being delaminated was considered a side effect.N U M B E R 7 7 .000 FH.

SNAPSHOT OF THE MONTH Nice pictures taken by Mr. Yerbol Yespol who is an Air Astana team member and has the photography as a hobby. .

do not hesitate to contact us: +55 12 3927-8495 / technical. Also.Should you need any additional information. SERVICES & SUPPORT . no article published should be considered authority-approved data.support@embraer.br Proprietary Notice The articles published in E-NEWS are for information only and are the Embraer S/A property.com. unless so specifically stated. This newsletter must not be reproduced or distributed in whole or in part to a third party without Embraer’s written consent.

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