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Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

December 2006 Part no. 4416.645 Rev. 1

Enraf B.V. P.O. Box 812 2600 AV Delft Netherlands Tel. Fax E-mail Home page : +31 15 2701100 : +31 15 2701111 : info@enraf.nl : http://www.enraf.com

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

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Copyright 2003- 2006 Enraf B.V. All rights reserved. Reproduction in any form without the prior consent of Enraf B.V. is not allowed. This manual is for information only. The contents, descriptions and specifications are subject to change without notice. Enraf B.V. accepts no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this manual. The warranty terms and conditions applicable in the country of purchase in respect to Enraf B.V. products are available from your supplier. Please retain them with your proof of purchase.

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Preface

Preface
This manual is intended for technicians involved with the commissioning and service of the Enraf gauges with the optional HCU board or ICU_HPI board installed for the function of HIMS (Hybrid Inventory Measurement System), HTG (Hydrostatic Tank Gauge) and vapour pressure measurement with pressure transmitter P3. A description preceding the technical procedures gives the technical information necessary to understand its functioning. It is recommended to read this description prior to performing any of the procedures.

Safety and prevention of damage Refer to the chapter Safety in the instruction manual of the applicable instrument (servo/radar gauge or indicator) for detailed safety instructions. "Warnings", "Cautions", and "Notes" have been used throughout this manual to bring special matters to the immediate attention of the reader. A Warning concerns danger to the safety of the technician or user; A Caution draws attention to an action which may damage the equipment; A Note points out a statement deserving more emphasis than the general text, but does not deserve a "Warning" or a "Caution".

The sequence of steps in a procedure may also be important from the point of view of personal safety and prevention of damage; it is therefore advised not to change the sequence of procedural steps or alter a procedure.

Legal aspects The information in this manual is the copyright property of Enraf B.V., Netherlands. Enraf B.V. disclaims any responsibility for personal injury or damage to equipment caused by: Deviation from any of the prescribed procedures; Execution of activities that are not prescribed; Neglect of the general safety precautions for handling tools, use of electricity and microwave radiation.

EC declaration of conformity The Enraf instrument, in which the optional HCU or ICU_HPI board is installed, is in conformity with the protection requirements of EC Counsel Directive 93/68/EEC. Refer to the CE declaration of conformity delivered with the instrument.

Additional information Please do not hesitate to contact Enraf or its representative if you require additional information.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

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Table of contents

Table of contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1 HCU board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 ICU_HPI board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Overview of functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 HCU compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.1 Replacement or adding optional board in 854 ATG or 854 XTG servo gauges . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2 Replacement or adding optional board in 873 SmartRadar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.3 Replacement or adding optional board in 877 FDI Field Display & Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Optional functions in this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6 6 7 7 8 8 8 8

HIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1 Introduction into HIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1.1 HIMS calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1.2 Corrections for ambient air and vapour density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.2 Commissioning of HIMS system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.1 Selecting pressure and density dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.2 Tank and gauge data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.2.3 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.2.4 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.2.5 Compensation for pressure transmitter P1 position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.3 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.1 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.2 Manual inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3.3 Data items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 HTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Introduction into HTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.1 HTG calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.2 Volume and Mass calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.3 Corrections for ambient air and vapour density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Selecting pressure and density dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.2 Tank and gauge data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3 Alarm settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.4 Ullage readout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.5 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.6 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.7 Compensation for pressure transmitter P1 - P2 distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.2 Manual inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3 Data items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 17 17 18 19 21 21 22 24 25 25 26 26 27 27 27 28

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Table of contents

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 Introduction into vapour pressure measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.1 Selecting pressure dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.2 Gauge data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.3 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.4 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.1 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.2 Manual input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.3 Data items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Maintenance and troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Troubleshooting HIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 Troubleshooting HTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.4 Troubleshooting vapour pressure (P3) measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 Hydrostatic error request (item EH) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6 Hydrostatic status request (item QF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.7 HART device pointer (items VP and VV) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appendix A Appendix B1 Appendix B2 Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E Appendix F1 Appendix F2 Appendix G Appendix H Appendix J ASCII table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of distance LP for HIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of distance LP (and LS) for HTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local gravity constant (item LG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ambient air density (item RF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vapour density (items RG and RJ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Define values for hydrostatic deformation (items IF and IL) for HIMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Define values for hydrostatic deformation (items IF and IL) for HTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SET-up and Configuration procedure for HART pressure transmitters with the HART Communicator model 275 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zero calibration of pressure transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29 29 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34 35 35 35 36 37 38 40 43 44 45 46 47 48 52 53

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

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Introduction

Introduction

1.1 HCU board


The optional HCU board is used in Enraf servo gauges 854 ATG, 854 XTG, Enraf 873 SmartRadar and Enraf Field Indicator 877 FDI to interface optional equipment as: spot temperature element; average temperature element; water bottom probe; pressure transmitters.

and to provide for an analog level output. This option board has two HART channels: HART input 1, standard used for the Enraf 762 VITO Interface; HART input 2, standard used for the connection of pressure transmitters for HIMS, HTG or vapour pressure measurement.

Note 1:
HTG: Hydrostatic Tank Gauging; only applicable with 877 FDI. HIMS is available with the level gauges (servo and radar). Vapour pressure measurement is mostly performed on pressurized vessels with the level gauges.

Note 2:
Standard, the 762 VITO Interface is connected to HART input 1 and pressure transmitters are connected to HART input 2 of the optional HCU board. It must be verified that the maximum values for current and power of the HCU option board HART input 2 circuit are not exceeding the maximum values of the connected HART pressure transmitters. If the values of HART input 2 circuit are too high, then connect the pressure transmitters to HART input 1 and the 762 VITO Interface to HART input 2 (only possible when HART input 1 is available).

1.2 ICU_HPI board


The optional ICU_HPI board is used in Enraf 973 SmartRadar LT and 971 SmartRadar LTi to interface optional equipment as: spot temperature element; average temperature element; water bottom probe; pressure transmitters.

Note:
Analog level output with the 971 and 973 SmartRadar LT(i) is provided by the optional ICU_HPO board.

For a description of these functions, refer to section 1.1. The ICU_HPI board has the same input functions as the HCU board; the only difference is its shape, which makes it to fit in the 971/973 SmartRadar LT(i).

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Introduction 1.3 Overview of functions


The HCU / ICU_HPI option board has the following hardware channels: SPOT input: HART input 1: HART input 2: 4-20 mA output: for spot temperature element (RTD) Pt100 for 762 VITO Interface for HART pressure transmitters and/or external water bottom probe for analog level output (only with HCU option board)

The hardware combinations, together with software emulations gives in total 8 different models according to the table below: Sales code for option B C J U V W X Y

Function with HCU and ICU_HPI option board Spot temperature Pt100 VITO temperature and/or water probe VITO temperature and/or water probe + HART device(s) Spot temperature + HART device(s) Analog level output Analog level output + VITO temperature and/or water probe Analog level output + VITO temperature probe Analog level output + Spot temperature Pt100 + VITO temperature and/or water probe + HART device(s)

Emulation mode TPU-2 / HSU HPU HPU HSU MPU HCU MPU HCU

Notes:
1 Option codes: V, W and X are not available with the 970 / 971 / 973 SmartRadar types as the analog level output is provided by the ICU_HPO option board. 2 Please note that with option code Y in the 970 / 971 / 973 SmartRadar types, the analog level output is provided by the ICU_HPO option board. 3 Option code Y is not available in the 854 XTG servo gauge. 4 Option code U can only be available in the 854 XTG servo gauge without connection for 977 TSI Tank Side Indicator (in 854 ATG connection for 977 TSI is possible). 5 HART devices can be: - HART pressure transmitters for HIMS / HTG configuration or vapour pressure measurement; - HART water bottom sensor e.g. Side mounted water probe. 6 With sales code Y (all HCU functions), the spot temperature measurement is disabled if the VITO temperature (and water) probe is present.

1.4 HCU compatibility


The HCU board can be used to replace an existing optional board in the 854, 873 and 877 gauges. However, it requires some checking if more boards in the instrument must be updated or external equipment must be replaced. The HCU board can be used to replace the following optional boards: HPU board (for average temperature measurement, restricted to MTT or VITO probes only) HSU board (for spot temperature measurement, restricted to Pt100 RTDs only)

Note:
Read carefully the installation guide of the HCU board before starting to replace the existing option board.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

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Introduction 1.4.1 Replacement or adding optional board in 854 ATG or 854 XTG servo gauges
The HCU optional board requires an XPU-2 board in the 854 ATG and 854 XTG servo gauges. If there is no XPU-2 board installed, then the installed XPU (or XPU-1) board must be replaced by an XPU-2 board.

Notes:
1 When the HCU board is used to replace an optional board with average temperature measurement, please note the following: The 863 MRT with 862 MIR or the 864 MTT with 862 MIT temperature connection cannot be maintained. The 864 MTT can be connected to the 762 VITO Interface for connection to the HCU board; The 863 MRT cannot be connected to the 762 VITO Interface. 2 The optional data transmission channel on the XPU-2 (i.s. channel for 977 TSI or RS-232C/RS-485 channel) is only possible when backplane-2 is installed. Backplane-2 is standard installed in instruments 854 ATG with series number: 854-20-400 and higher; 854 XTG with series number: 894-02-001 and higher.

1.4.2 Replacement or adding optional board in 873 SmartRadar


The HCU optional board can be installed in the 873 SmartRadar without any problem. Refer to Note 1 section 1.4.1.

1.4.3 Replacement or adding optional board in 877 FDI Field Display & Interface
The HCU optional board can be installed in an 877 FDI Field Display & Interface when there is an XPU or XPU-1 board. However, be informed that water bottom measurement with the VITO probe or Side mounted water probe is not possible. If this function is required, then the installed XPU (or XPU-1) board must be replaced by an XPU-2 board. Refer to note 1 in section 1.4.1.

Note:
The optional data transmission channel on the XPU-2 (i.s. channel for 977 TSI or RS-232C/RS-485 channel) is only possible when backplane-2 is installed. Backplane-2 is standard installed in indicators 877 FDI with series number: 877-17-001 and higher.

1.5 Optional functions in this manual


This instruction manual describes the optional functions for: HIMS (Hybrid Inventory Measurement) HTG (Hydrostatic Tank Gauging) Vapour pressure (P3) measurement chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4

The optional functions for temperature (spot and average) and water bottom measured and analog level output are described in the instruction manual: Temperature, Water bottom and Analog output options.

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HIMS

HIMS

2.1 Introduction into HIMS


The HIMS (Hybrid Inventory Management System) combines the direct mass measurement as used with HTG (Hydrostatic Tank Gauging) with the level gauge principle to one powerful system. All tank quantities as level, volume, mass, density, etc. can be measured and calculated. For level measurement can be used the Enraf series 854 ATG / XTG servo gauge or the Enraf series SmartRadar gauge. The HIMS option is also available with the 877 FDI (Field Display & Interface). Pressure transmitters communicating with the HART protocol can be used.

2.1.1 HIMS calculations


The pressure transmitters P1 and P3 used with an HIMS system are of the differential type. That means one side (low pressure side) is open to atmosphere. P3 is not required for tanks which are free vented to atmosphere and with floating roof tanks. A temperature measuring device is optional and only required when standard volume and reference density is to be calculated. The pressure measured by P1 is the result of the static liquid head above P1 (height h) and the pressure in the vapour space, measured by P3. The liquid height above P1 is the level (l), measured by the level gauge, minus the distance LP. LP represents the distance between the tank zero point (datum plate) and the zero point of P1. The observed density is calculated as: P7 1 Level & LP LG Figure 2.1 Principle HIMS configuration

Dens.obs. '

[kg /m 3]

where: P7 P1 P3 corr. LP LG Level

: : : : : : :

(P1 - P3) + corr. [Pa] pressure of pressure transmitter P1 [Pa] pressure of pressure transmitter P3 [Pa] for corrections, refer to section 2.1.2 distance zero point tank to zero point pressure transmitter P1 [m] local gravity acceleration [m/s2] measured level from level gauge [m]

The measured level and (optionally) temperature, and the calculated observed density are transmitted to the tank gauging system. The tank gauging system (an Enraf Entis system, Enraf CIUPlus or other host system) needs the Tank Capacity Table and optionally the ASTM table to calculate the Gross Observed Volume, Mass, and optionally the Gross Standard Volume and reference density.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

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HIMS 2.1.2 Corrections for ambient air and vapour density


Ambient air density correction The pressure at the atmospheric side measured by pressure transmitter P1, compared to P3, is increased by the column of air over the distance (LM - LP). Refer to figure 2.1. That is compensated in the calculated pressure P7 by the term: (LM - LP) x RF x LG where: LM LP RF LG : : : : [Pa]

distance zero point tank to zero point pressure transmitter P3 [m] distance zero point tank to zero point pressure transmitter P1 [m] ambient air density [kg/m3] local gravity acceleration [m/s2]

The default value for the ambient air density (item RF) is set at 1.225 kg/m3 (floating point format).

Vapour density correction The vapour space above the product in a fixed roof tank consists of a mixture from air and product vapour. The density of this vapour mixture in the tank is different from the density of the air outside the tank. That is compensated in the calculated pressure P7 by the term: (LM - Level) x RG x LG where: LM Level RG LG : : : : [Pa]

distance zero point tank to zero point pressure transmitter P3 [m] measured level from level gauge [m] vapour density [kg/m3] local gravity acceleration [m/s2]

The default value for the vapour density (item RG) is set at 1.25 kg/m3 (floating point format).

Pressure P7 The pressure difference (P1 - P3), compensated for ambient air density and vapour density (item P7) is calculated as: P7 = (P1 - P3) + (LM - LP) x RF x LG - (LM - Level) x RG x LG [Pa]

Density in air With the default values used in items RF and RG, the observed density is the density in vacuum. If the density value is required as density in air, then item RF must be set to 0, and from item RG the value of the ambient air density must be subtracted. The table below summarizes the values for items RF and RG for density in vacuum and density in air. HIMS density: ambient air density (item RF) vapour density (item RG) in vacuum 1.225 kg/m3 (default) 1.25 kg/m3 (default) in air 0 kg/m3 (RG - ambient air density)

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HIMS 2.2 Commissioning of HIMS system


For information how to program items, refer to the instruction manual of the used level gauge or to the instruction manual of the 847 Portable Enraf Terminal. For connection of the pressure transmitters to the instrument, refer to the installation guide of the used level gauge.

2.2.1 Selecting pressure and density dimension


When the pressure and/or density dimension has to be changed from default, all items with related formats have to be changed and the values must be converted to the new dimension.

Note:
When the instrument is equipped with the XPU-2 board, then all dimension depended items will be automatically changed and the values will be automatically converted. Item W2= PI= Name Protection level 2 Pressure dimension Description Enter protection level 2 Selects the pressure dimension and converts the format. This item contains one character, which can be: P : Pa; format: sign X X X X X X separator K : kPa; format: sign X X X X separator X X I : psi; format: sign X X separator X X X X S : psi; format: sign X X X separator X X X Default set on: P [Pa]

X X X X

DI=

Density dimension

Selects the density dimension and converts the format. This item contains one character, which can be: K : kg/m3; format: sign X X X X X separator X X A : API; format: sign X X X X separator X X X L : lbs/ft3; format: sign X X X separator X X X X Default set on: K [kg/m3] Not required with XPU-2 board. Program all pressure depended and/or density depended items to the new dimension. Refer to the table below for an overview of these items.

. .=

format depended items

EX Exit

Exit protection level.

Items from which the format depends on the pressure dimension (item PI)

Items from which the format depends on the density dimension (item DI) 28 DD DL DU HD

29 H1 H2 H3

M1 M2 M3 O1

O2 O3 P0 PH

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 11

HIMS 2.2.2 Tank and gauge data

Figure 2.1 Principle HIMS configuration

Item W2=

Name Protection level 2 LM= Distance P3 - tank zero

Description Enter protection level 2 Format according to item LD. This distance is used in tank gas correction and ambient air density correction. If pressure transmitter P3 is not installed, use a value equal to the upper reference point. Alternatively, use the value of item TT (with servo level gauges), or item PR (with SmartRadar gauges). Format according to item LD. Default, item LN is set to 3.5 metres. The distance LN can be lowered to approximately 2 metres. The purpose is of LN is as follows: If the level drops below the setting of LN, the last valid density will be stored and used as the density value, as lower levels gives inaccurate density results. Format according to item LD. The setting of item LP directly influences the density calculation. It therefore must be assessed accurately. Refer to Appendix B1 for some methods to assess this distance.

LN= Minimum HIMS level

LP= Distance P1 - tank zero

Page 12

HIMS
Continue: Item Name PA= Available pressure transmitters Description Three characters; 123, or a - for the pressure transmitter which is not installed. For HIMS, item PA can be: 1 - 3 : Pressure transmitters P1 and P3 are installed; or 1 - - : Pressure transmitter P1 is installed. Standard floating point format; units: m/s2. Item LG must be set to the local gravity constant. Appendix C gives information about the local gravity constant. Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. Default, RF is set to +.12250000E+01. Refer to Appendix D for more information about the ambient air density. Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. Default RG is set to +.12500000E+01. Refer to Appendix E for more information about the vapour density. One character; either I (for HIMS) or T (for HTG). Check if item HT is set to I; if not change it. Format according to item DI. Low density alarm set point. Default value: +00000.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item DI. High density alarm set point. Default value: +00000.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item DI. Hysteresis around the density lower and density upper limits (items DL and DU). Default value: +00005.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P1. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P1. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Hysteresis around the minimum and maximum trip pressures (items M1, M3, H1 and H3). Default value: +000160.0 [Pa]. Exit protection level.

LG= Local gravity

RF= Ambient air density

RG= Tank gas density

HT= HIMS / HTG selection

DL= Density lower limit

DU= Density upper limit

HD= Density alarm hysteresis

M1= Minimum trip pressure P1

M3= Minimum trip pressure P3

H1= Maximum trip pressure P1

H3= Maximum trip pressure P3

PH= Pressure alarm hysteresis

EX

Exit

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 13

HIMS 2.2.3 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitters


For the Set-up and Configuration of the pressure transmitters with the HART Communicator refer to Appendix G.

2.2.4 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitters


For the zero calibration procedure of the pressure transmitters, refer to Appendix H.

2.2.5 Compensation for pressure transmitter P1 position


The tank shell will bulge due to the hydrostatic pressure caused by the liquid stored in the tank. This can have an influence on the position of pressure transmitter P1 (refer to figure 2.3). The amount of movement of pressure transmitter P1 depends on the height of P1 above the bottom, the structure of the tank shell and the density of the product. In many cases, pressure transmitter P1 is located as low as possible to the tank bottom and the influence of tank shell bulging is negligible. However, in those cases where the influence is present, items IF and IL can be used to compensate for the position of pressure transmitter P1. Item IF (hydrostatic deformation factor) decreases distance LP for (IF) mm/m level above the level IL (hydrostatic deformation level). In formula: LPcomp. = LPprogr. - (Level - IL) x IF where: LPcomp. LPprogr. Level IL IF [m]

Figure 2.3 Tank shell bulging

: : : : :

LP compensated for hydrostatic tank deformation the programmed value for LP measured level from level gauge hydrostatic deformation level (item IL) hydrostatic deformation factor (item IF)

[m] [m] [m] [m] [mm/m]

Item W2= IF=

Name Protection level 2 Hydrostatic deformation factor

Description Enter protection level 2 Standard floating point format; units: mm/m. Default value: +.00000000E+00. When left at the default value, the hydrostatic deformation compensation is disabled. Refer to Appendix F1 for information how to obtain a correct setting for item IF. Format according to item LD. Default value: +002.0000 [m]. Item IL contains the level value above the hydrostatic deformation compensation becomes effective. Refer to Appendix F1 how to obtain a correct setting for item IL. Exit protection level.

IL=

Hydrostatic deformation level

EX

Exit

Page 14

HIMS 2.3 Operation 2.3.1 Display


For operation of the display and the information on it, refer to the instruction manual of the applicable level gauge (or 877 FDI). Below, only an overview is given which display formats give information about the pressure and density measurement. Display format E F H Displayed information HIMS density Pressure P1 Pressure P3

2.3.2 Manual inputs


For two quantities the operator can give a manual input by means of the PET (Portable Enraf Terminal), which are not protected by protection level 1 or 2. These quantities are:

Item

Name RJ= Manual tank gas density

Description Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : I : Valid manual tank gas density Invalid manual tank gas density

The tank gas density is used in the same way as with item RG. If the status of the manual tank gas density is valid (V), then the manual tank gas density (item RJ) is used. If the status of the manual tank gas density is invalid (I), then the value of item RG is used as tank gas density. P0= Manual pressure P3 Format according to item PI. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : I : Valid manual vapour pressure Invalid manual vapour pressure

If there is no P3 pressure transmitter installed, and the vapour pressure can be assumed constant, a manual vapour pressure value can be entered.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 15

HIMS 2.3.3 Data items


Below, a summary is given of available data items. They contain measured and calculated data, verification data and error data. The verification data can be used to check the results of certain steps in the measuring sequence. The hydrostatic status indicates the validity of the measured / calculated data. The diagnostic data provides low level error information about the pressure measurement and density calculation. There is only one operational command with HIMS. Item P1 P3 P4 P7 DQ QQ N1 N3 Q1 Q3 QF VV EH FH H0 HE Description Measured / calculated data Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P1 Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P3 P1 minus P3 (P1 - P3) compensated for ambient air density and vapour density Calculated HIMS density (preceded by 5 status characters of item QF) Abbreviated HIMS density (preceded by 1 status character) Serial number of pressure transmitter P1 Serial number of pressure transmitter P3 Temperature of pressure transmitter P1 (if available) Temperature of pressure transmitter P3 (if available) Hydrostatic status request (refer to section 5.6) Refer to description at section 5.7 Error HCU / ICU_HPI request (refer to section 5.5) Fatal HCU / ICU_HPI errors Last fatal HCU / ICU_HPI error HART communication errors

Verification data Diagnostic data

Operational command: SR Stop HART request (used with HART communicator).

Page 16

HTG

HTG

3.1 Introduction into HTG


An HTG (Hydrostatic Tank Gauge) system measures the tank quantities by means of pressure transmitters. Depending on the configuration, one to three pressure transmitters are required. The pressure transmitters, communicating with the HART protocol, are connected to an 877 FDI (Field Display & Interface). Unlike level based tank gauges, as servo or radar, the HTG system is a direct mass measurement system. One pressure transmitter (P1), located at a shell nozzle near the bottom, is used to measure the liquid head. A second pressure transmitter (P2) is located approximately 2 to 2.5 metres (6 to 8 feet) above P1. If there exists a pressure in the vapour space, the vapour pressure must be measured with a separate pressure transmitter (P3). P3 is not required on a floating roof tank, or with a free vented cone roof tank.

3.1.1 HTG calculations


The pressure transmitters used with an HTG system are of the differential type. That means one side (low pressure side) is open to atmosphere. A temperature measuring device is optional and only required when standard volume and reference density is to be calculated. The principle HTG formulas for level and observed density are: Observed density is calculated as: Dens.obs. ' P1 & P2 1 LS LG [kg /m 3]

Level is calculated as: Level ' P1 & P3 LS % LP P1 & P2 [m]

where: P1 P2 P3 LG LS LP

: : : : : :

pressure of pressure transmitter P1 [Pa] Figure 3.1 Principle HTG configuration pressure of pressure transmitter P2 [Pa] pressure of pressure transmitter P3 [Pa] local gravity acceleration [m/s2] distance zero point pressure transmitter P1 to P2 [m] distance zero point pressure transmitter P1 to zero point tank [m]

The calculated level and observed density and (optional) measured temperature are transmitted to the tank gauging system. The tank gauging system (an Enraf Entis system, Enraf CIUPlus or other host system) needs the Tank Capacity Table and (optionally) the ASTM table to calculate the Mass, Gross Observed Volume, and optionally the Gross Standard Volume and reference density. When the product density is known and does not change, pressure transmitter P2 is not required. The density will be a manual input value, from which the level can be calculated by: Level ' P1 & P3 1 % LP Dens.obs. LG [m]

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 17

HTG 3.1.2 Volume and Mass calculations


The standard HTG mass and volume calculations are: 1 % Vol.heel Dens.obs. LG

Mass ' (P1 & P3 ) Areaeq.

Gross Observed Volume '

Mass Dens.obs.

where: Vol.heel Areaeq.

: :

Volume below the zero point of pressure transmitter P1 Equivalent area over the (calculated) tank level

[m3] [m2]

Enraf transmits the calculated HTG level and observed density values to the tank gauging system (Entis, CIUPlus or other host system). In the tank gauging system the Gross Observed Volume is obtained from the level value via the tank capacity table. Then Mass is calculated as: Mass = Gross Observed Volume x Dens. obs. This is equivalent to the standard HTG mass calculation as is shown in the following conversion equations: Mass = Gross Observed Volume x Dens. obs. Mass = (Level x Areaeq.) x Dens.obs Mass = (Level - LP) x Areaeq. x Dens.obs. + LP x Areaeq. x Dens.obs. substitute of HTG level and density formulas gives: Mass ' P1 & P3 LS % LP & LP P1 & P2 Areaeq. P1 & P2 1 % Vol.heel Dens.obs. LS LG

the above formula can be reduced to: Mass ' (P1 & P3 ) Areaeq. 1 % Vol.heel Dens.obs. LG

which is the standard HTG mass formula.

Page 18

HTG 3.1.3 Corrections for ambient air and vapour density


Ambient air density The pressure at the atmospheric side measured by pressure transmitter P1, compared to P2 and to P3, is increased by the column of air over respectively the distances LS and (LM - LP). Refer to figure 2.1. That is compensated in the calculated pressures P7 and P8 by the terms: (LM - LP) x RF x LG LS x RF x LG where: LM LP LS RF LG [Pa] [Pa] for P7 (P1 - P3) for P8 (P1 - P2)

: : : : :

distance zero point pressure transmitter P3 to zero point tank distance zero point pressure transmitter P1 to zero point tank distance zero point pressure transmitter P1 to P2 ambient air density [kg/m3] local gravity acceleration [m/s2]

[m] [m] [m]

The default value for the ambient air density (item RF) is set at: 1.225 kg/m3 (floating point format).

Vapour density correction The vapour space above the product in a fixed roof tank consists of a mixture from air and product vapour. The density of this vapour mixture in the tank is different from the density of the air outside the tank. That is compensated in the calculated pressure P7 by the term: (LM - Level) x RG x LG where: LM Level RG LG [Pa]

: : : :

distance zero point pressure transmitter P3 to zero point tank calculated HTG level (item HQ) [m] vapour density [kg/m3] local gravity acceleration [m/s2]

[m]

The default value for the vapour density (item RG) is set at: 1.25 kg/m3 (floating point format).

Pressures P7 and P8 The pressure differences (P1 - P3) and (P1 - P2), compensated for ambient air density and vapour density, are: P7 = (P1 - P3) + (LM - LP) x RF x LG - (LM - Level) x RG x LG P8 = (P1 - P2) + LS x RF x LG [Pa] [Pa]

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 19

HTG
Density calculation The calculated density, corrected for ambient air density (item DQ) will then become: (P1 & P2 ) % LS RF LG LS LG

DQ '

DQ '

P1 & P2 1 % RF LS LG

Level calculation The calculated level, corrected for ambient air density and vapour density (item HQ), becomes: HQ ' (P1 & P3 ) % (LM & LP ) RF LG & (LM & HQ ) RG LG LS %LP (P1 & P2 ) % RF LS LG

Item HQ is non-explicit. However, after conversion the level (item HQ) can directly be obtained: P1 & P3 % (LM & LP ) (RF & RG ) LG % LP HQ ' DQ & RG

Density in air With the default values used in items RF and RG, the observed density is the density in vacuum. If the density value is required as density in air, then item RF must be set to 0, and from item RG the value of the ambient air density must be subtracted. The table below summarizes the values for items RF and RG for density in vacuum and density in air. HTG density ambient air density (item RF) vapour density (item RG) in vacuum 1.225 kg/m3 (default) 1.25 kg/m3 (default) in air 0 kg/m3 (RG - ambient air density)

Page 20

HTG 3.2 Commissioning


For information how to program items, refer to the instruction manual 877 FDI or to the instruction manual of the 847 Portable Enraf Terminal. It is assumed that the basic settings for the 877 FDI are already programmed, according to the instruction manual 877 FDI. For connection of the pressure transmitters to the instrument, refer to the installation guide 877 FDI.

3.2.1 Selecting pressure and density dimension


When the pressure and/or density dimension has to be changed from default, all items with related formats have to be changed and the values must be converted to the new dimension.

Note:
When the 877 FDI is equipped with the XPU-2 board, then all dimension depended items will be automatically changed and the values will be automatically converted. Item W2= PI= Name Protection level 2 Pressure dimension Description Enter protection level 2 Selects the pressure dimension and converts the format. This item contains one character, which can be: P : Pa; format: sign X X X X X X separator X K : kPa; format: sign X X X X separator X X X I : psi; format: sign X X separator X X X X X S : psi; format: sign X X X separator X X X X Default set on: P [Pa] Selects the density dimension and converts the format. This item contains one character, which can be: K : kg/m3; format: sign X X X X X separator X X A : API; format: sign X X X X separator X X X L : lbs/ft3; format: sign X X X separator X X X X Default set on: K [kg/m3] Not required with XPU-2 board. Program all pressure depended and/or density depended items to the new dimension. Refer to the table below for an overview of these items.

DI=

Density dimension

. .=

format depended items

EX Exit

Exit protection level.

Items from which the format depends on the pressure dimension (item PI)

Items from which the format depends on the density dimension (item DI) 28 DD DL DU HD

29 H1 H2 H3

M1 M2 M3 O1

O2 O3 P0 PH

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 21

HTG 3.2.2 Tank and gauge data


P3

AH P2 LM

HH

HA LS AH LN P1

LA

LL

Tank zero (datum plate)

LP

Figure 3.2 HTG tank data Item W2= Name Protection level 2 LM= Distance P3 - tank zero Description Enter protection level 2 Format according to item LD. This distance is used in tank gas correction and ambient air density correction. If pressure transmitter P3 is not installed, use a value equal to the upper reference point. Format according to item LD. Default, item LN is set to 3.5 metres. The distance LN can be lowered to a level which is approximately 0.5 m (20") above the pressure transmitter P2. The purpose is of LN is as follows: If the level drops below the setting of LN, the last valid density will be stored and used as the density value. This is, because as the level drops below P2, density cannot be calculated anymore. Format according to item LD. The setting of item LP influences the level and hence the volume calculation. It therefore must be assessed accurately. Refer to Appendix B2 for some methods to assess this distance. Format according to item LD. The distance between pressure transmitters P1 and P2 (item LS) is used in the level and density calculation. It can be directly measured by means of a measuring tape from flange to flange, or from the zero marks on both pressure transmitters. Refer to Appendix B2 for some other methods to assess this distance.

LN= Minimum HTG level

LP= Distance P1 - tank zero

LS= Distance P1 - P2

Page 22

HTG
Continue: Item Name PA= Available pressure transmitters Description Three characters; 123, or a - for the pressure transmitter which is not installed. For example, item PA can be set to: 123 : Pressure transmitters P1, P2 and P3 are installed; or 12 - : Pressure transmitters P1 and P2 are installed, etc. Standard floating point format; units: m/s2. Item LG must be set to the local gravity constant. Appendix C gives information about the local gravity constant. Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. Default, RF is set to +.12250000E+01. Refer to Appendix D for more information about the ambient air density. Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. Default RG is set to +.12500000E+01. Refer to Appendix E for more information about the vapour density. One character; either I (for HIMS) or T (for HTG). Item HT must be set to: T. Three characters; selects the optional board. Must be set to: HPU for the optional HCU and ICU_HPI boards. One character; selects the indicator mode of the 877 FDI. For HTG mode, item IM must be set to: H. Format according to item DI. Low density alarm set point. Default value: +00000.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item DI. High density alarm set point. Default value: +00000.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item DI. Hysteresis around the density lower and density upper limits (items DL and DU). Default value: +00005.00 [kg/m3]. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P1. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P2. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P1. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P2. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa].

LG= Local gravity

RF= Ambient air density

RG= Tank gas density

HT= HIMS / HTG selection

OB= Optional board selection

IM=

Indicator mode

DL= Density lower limit

DU= Density upper limit

HD= Density alarm hysteresis

M1= Minimum trip pressure P1

M2= Minimum trip pressure P2

M3= Minimum trip pressure P3

H1= Maximum trip pressure P1

H2= Maximum trip pressure P2

H3= Maximum trip pressure P3

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 23

HTG
Continue: Item Name PH= Pressure alarm hysteresis Description Format according to item PI. Hysteresis around the minimum and maximum trip pressures (items M1, M2, M3, H1, H2 and H3). Default value: +000160.0 [Pa]. One character; default: ? The character, specified in item LU, is used in the level status byte of the level record to the host to indicate a reduced level accuracy condition. Most Enraf tank gauging systems accept the ? character as reduced accuracy status. With the following conditions, the contents of item LU is placed in the level status: manual or last valid P3 used; manual or last valid density used; manual gas density used; level below minimum HTG (item LN). Exit protection level.

LU= Level status conversion

EX

Exit

3.2.3 Alarm settings


Refer to figure 3.2. The high level alarm (HA) and low level alarm (LA) conditions are transmitted in the level alarm byte of the level record to the host. Item W1= Name Protection level 1 AH= Level alarm hysteresis Description Enter protection level 1 Format according to item LD. Sets level alarm hysteresis. Default value: +000.1000 (m). Format according to item LD. High level alarm set point. Default value: +026.0000 (m). Format according to item LD. High high level alarm set point. Default value: +026.1000 (m). Format according to item LD. Low level alarm set point. Default value: +002.0000 (m). Format according to item LD. Low low level alarm set point. Default value: +001.9000 (m). Exit protection level.

HA= High level alarm

HH= High high level alarm

LA= Low level alarm

LL=

Low low level alarm

EX

Exit

Page 24

HTG 3.2.4 Ullage readout


When an ullage reading is required, the two items shown below must be changed. The ullage value is also transmitted to the host via the two wire Enraf field bus. The ullage, or outage, measurement is referred to a zero point at the tank top (upper reference point). The level, or innage, measurement is referred to a zero point at the tank bottom (datum plate). Refer to figure 3.3.

Note:
The high and low level alarms are innage alarms. Hence, a high alarm condition occurs when there is a low ullage and visa verse.

Figure 3.3 Upper reference value Item W2= Name Protection level 2 UR= Upper reference Description Enter protection level 2. Format according to item LD. Distance UR represents the distance from the innage zero point (datum plate) to the upper reference point at a dip hatch (or other point at the tank top). One character; either I or U. I : for innage measurement (default) U : for ullage measurement. Exit protection level.

DE= Level type

EX

Exit

3.2.5 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitters


For the Set-up and Configuration of the pressure transmitters with the HART Communicator refer to Appendix G.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 25

HTG 3.2.6 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitters


For the zero calibration procedure of the pressure transmitters, refer to Appendix H.

3.2.7 Compensation for pressure transmitter P1 - P2 distance


The tank shell will bulge due to the hydrostatic pressure caused by the liquid stored in the tank. This can have an influence on the position of pressure transmitters P1 and P2 (refer to figure 3.4). The amount of movement depends on the position of P1 and P2, the length of the arm (nozzle - ball valve), the structure of the tank shell and the density of the product. In some cases, the influence of the tank shell bulging is negligible. However, in those cases where the influence is present, several methods can be followed to limited the influence. Mechanical solution: U-bend or rigid bar (refer to Installation Info 003) Compensation for the distance P1 - P2 (item LS). This section describes how to compensate for the distance LS. Figure 3.4 Tank shell bulging

Item IF (hydrostatic deformation factor) increases distance LS for (IF) mm/m level above the level IL (hydrostatic deformation level). In formula: LScomp. = LSprogr. + (Level - IL) x IF where: LScomp. LSprogr. Level IL IF Item W2= IF= Name Protection level 2 Hydrostatic deformation factor : : : : : LS compensated for hydrostatic tank deformation the programmed value for LS calculated HTG level (item HQ) hydrostatic deformation level hydrostatic deformation factor Description Enter protection level 2 Standard floating point format; units: mm/m. Default value: +.00000000E+00. When left at the default value, the hydrostatic deformation compensation is disabled. Refer to Appendix F2 for information how to obtain a correct setting for item IF. Format according to item LD. Default value: +002.0000 [m]. Item IL contains the level value above which the hydrostatic deformation compensation becomes effective. Refer to Appendix F2 for information how to obtain a correct setting for item IL. Exit protection level [m]

[m] [m] [m] [m] [mm/m]

IL=

Hydrostatic deformation level

EX

Exit

Page 26

HTG 3.3 Operation 3.3.1 Display


For operation of the display and the information on it, refer to the instruction manual 877 FDI. Below, only an overview is given which display formats give information about the level, pressure and density measurement. Display format A B E F G H Displayed information HTG level and temperature HTG level and status HTG density Pressure P1 Pressure P2 Pressure P3

3.3.2 Manual inputs


For three quantities the operator can give a manual input by means of the PET (Portable Enraf Terminal), which are not protected by protection level 1 or 2. These quantities are: Item Name RJ= Manual tank gas density Description Standard floating point format; units: kg/m3. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : Valid manual tank gas density I : Invalid manual tank gas density The tank gas density is used in the same way as with item RG. If the status of the manual tank gas density is valid (V), then the manual tank gas density (item RJ) is used. If the status of the manual tank gas density is invalid (I), then the value of item RG is used as tank gas density. P0= Manual pressure P3 Format according to item PI. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : Valid manual vapour pressure I : Invalid manual vapour pressure If there is no P3 pressure transmitter installed, and the vapour pressure can be assumed constant, a manual vapour pressure value can be entered. DD= Manual density Format according to item DI. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : Valid manual density I : Invalid manual density If there is no P2 pressure transmitter installed, and the product density can be assumed constant, a manual product density must be given.

Note:
The manual density is the observed density.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 27

HTG 3.3.3 Data items


Below, a summary is given of available data items. They contain measured and calculated data, verification data and error data. The verification data can be used to check the results of certain steps in the measuring sequence. The hydrostatic status indicates the validity of the measured / calculated data. The diagnostic data provides low level error information about the pressure measurement and density calculation. There is only one operational command with HTG. Item P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P7 P8 DQ QQ HQ VQ N1 N2 N3 Q1 Q2 Q3 QF VV EH FH H0 HE Description Measured / calculated data Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P1 Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P2 Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P3 P1 minus P3 P1 minus P2 (P1 - P3) compensated for ambient air density and vapour density (P1 - P2) compensated for ambient air density Calculated HTG density (preceded by 5 status characters from item QF) Abbreviated HTG density (preceded by 1 status character) Calculated HTG level (preceded by 5 status characters from item QF) Calculated HTG ullage (preceded by 5 status characters from item QF) Serial number of pressure transmitter P1 Serial number of pressure transmitter P2 Serial number of pressure transmitter P3 Temperature of pressure transmitter P1 (if available) Temperature of pressure transmitter P2 (if available) Temperature of pressure transmitter P3 (if available) Hydrostatic status request (refer to section 5.6) Refer to description at section 5.7 Error HCU / ICU_HPI request (refer to section 5.5) Fatal HCU / ICU_HPI errors Last fatal HCU / ICU_HPI error HART communication errors

Verification data Diagnostic data

Operational command: SR Stop HART request (used with HART communicator).

Page 28

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement

4.1 Introduction into vapour pressure measurement


The vapour pressure measured on spheres, spheroids, bullets, etc. is used in the calculation of the Total Gross Standard Volume. That is the volume which includes the amount of evaporated product in the vapour space. The vapour pressure measurement can be integrated in the Enraf level gauge. The following level gauges can be equipped with an option board to measure the vapour pressure: 854 ATG servo gauge SmartRadar with high pressure antenna

Alternatively, the vapour pressure measurement can be connected to an 877 FDI (Field Display & interface) with an appropriate option board. Pressure transmitters communicating with the HART protocol can be connected to the Enraf gauges with the optional HCU or ICU_HPI board. The measured pressure by the roof pressure transmitter (P3) is transmitted to the tank gauging system. The tank gauging system (an Enraf Entis system, Enraf CIUPlus or other host system) performs the corrections on the Gross Standard Volume and Mass for the amount of product in the vapour space.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 29

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement 4.2 Commissioning


For information how to program items, refer to the instruction manual of the used level gauge or to the instruction manual of the 847 PET (Portable Enraf Terminal). For connection of the pressure transmitter to the instrument, refer to the installation guide of the used level gauge.

4.2.1 Selecting pressure dimension


When the pressure dimension has to be changed from default, all items with a pressure format have to be changed and the value must be converted to the new dimension.

Note:
When the instrument is equipped with the XPU-2 board, then all dimension depended items will be automatically changed and the values will be automatically converted.

Item W2= PI=

Name Protection level 2 Pressure dimension

Description Enter protection level 2 Selects the pressure dimension and converts the format. This item contains one character, which can be: P : Pa; format: sign X X X X X X separator K : kPa; format: sign X X X X separator X X I : psi; format: sign X X separator X X X X S : psi; format: sign X X X separator X X X Default set on: P [Pa]

X X X X

. .=

format depended items

Not required with XPU-2 board. Program all pressure depended items to the new dimension. Refer to the table below for an overview of these items. Exit protection level.

EX

Exit

Items from which the format depends on the pressure dimension (item PI) 29 H1 H2 H3 M1 M2 M3 O1 O2 O3 P0 PH

Page 30

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement 4.2.2 Gauge data


Item W2= Name Protection level 2 PA= Available pressure transmitters Description Enter protection level 2 Three characters; 123, or a - for the pressure transmitter(s) which is (are) not installed. For vapour pressure measurement, item PA must be set to: - - 3 : pressure transmitter P3 is installed One character; either I (for HIMS) or T (for HTG). Check if item HT is set to I; if not change it. Format according to item PI. Sets a minimum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Sets a maximum trip pressure for pressure transmitter P3. Default value: +000000.0 [Pa]. Format according to item PI. Hysteresis around the minimum and maximum trip pressure (items M3 and H3). Default value: +000160.0 [Pa] Exit protection level.

HT= HIMS / HTG selection

M3= Minimum trip pressure P3

H3= Maximum trip pressure P3

PH= Pressure alarm hysteresis

EX

Exit

4.2.3 Set-up and configuration of the pressure transmitter


For the Set-up and Configuration of the pressure transmitter with the HART Communicator refer to Appendix G.

4.2.4 Zero calibration of the pressure transmitter


For the zero calibration procedure of the pressure transmitter, refer to Appendix H.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 31

Vapour pressure (P3) measurement 4.3 Operation 4.3.1 Display


For operation of the display and the information on it, refer to the instruction manual of the applicable instrument. The vapour pressure can be observed when Display format H is selected.

4.3.2 Manual input


If pressure transmitter P3 is temporary out of operation, a manual vapour pressure value can be given to the instrument by means of the PET (Portable Enraf Terminal). The manual input is not protected by a password. Item Name P0 = Manual pressure P3 Description Format according to item PI. The value must be preceded by one status character: V : I : Valid manual vapour pressure Invalid manual vapour pressure

If the P3 pressure transmitter is temporary out of order, a manual vapour pressure value can be entered.

4.3.3 Data items


Below, a summary is given of available data items. There is only one operational command. Item P3 N3 Q3 QF VV EH FH H0 HE Description Measured data Measured pressure of pressure transmitter P3 Serial number of pressure transmitter P3 Temperature of pressure transmitter P3 (if available) Hydrostatic status request (refer to section 5.6) Refer to description at section 5.7 Error HCU / ICU_HPI request (refer to section 5.5) Fatal HCU / ICU_HPI errors Last fatal HCU / ICU_HPI error HART communication errors

Verification data Diagnostic data

Operational command: SR Stop HART request (used with HART Communicator).

Page 32

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Maintenance and troubleshooting

5.1 Maintenance
For preventive maintenance on the pressure transmitters, refer to the maintenance instructions of the used pressure transmitters. It is recommended to check the zero calibration of the pressure transmitters once per year. Refer to Appendix H.

5.2 Troubleshooting HIMS


This section is intended as a help in finding the cause with start-up problems and when no correct reading of the pressure or density is obtained. 1) No or incorrect level reading. Please refer to the section maintenance / trouble shooting of the instruction manual from the used level gauge (servo or radar). An incorrect level reading results in a wrong volume reading and wrong density reading, but mass remains unaffected. 2) No pressure value with items P1 and P3. Check item PA (available pressure transmitters); Request for items EH and QF. Decode the displayed error codes as given in sections 5.5 and 5.6. Find from the decoded message the cause of the problem; Check the wiring from the pressure transmitters to the instrument terminals (mind the polarity!); Check if the pressure transmitters are correctly configured (refer to Appendix G); Check the voltage on the instrument terminals for the pressure transmitter: HART input 2 (recommended) Unloaded 1 transmitter 2 transmitters HART input 1

. 18.7 Vdc . 16.4 Vdc . 15.6 Vdc

. 18.7 Vdc . 15.9 Vdc . 14.5 Vdc

The current on the HART communication line is obvious: - with 1 transmitter: 4 mA - with 2 transmitters: 8 mA 3) The HIMS observed density does not correspond with the real density from the product. If the difference is 0.18%, then it can be explained from the method of pressure transmitter calibration. Some pressure transmitters are calibrated with water column at 20 C, while water has a density of 1000 kg/m3 at 4 C. If this is the case, then correct item LG (local gravity) with 0.18%; Check zero calibration of pressure transmitters (refer to Appendix H); If there exists a density difference at mainly lower levels (thus not at higher levels), then the cause must be found in a wrong value for item LP. Check on distance LP. Eventually check the level gauge on its correct reading; If there is more or less a constant density difference, check on settings of items: LG, LM, RF, RG (or RJ).

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 33

Maintenance and Troubleshooting 5.3 Troubleshooting HTG


This section is intended as a help in finding the cause with start-up problems and when no correct reading of the mass, density, level, pressure or volume is obtained. 1) 877 FDI does not start-up correctly; no level / density indication. Please refer to the section service / trouble shooting of the instruction manual 877 FDI. Check items: IM, HT, OB and PA. 2) No pressure value with items P1, P2 and P3. Check item PA (available pressure transmitters); Request for items EH and QF. Decode the displayed error codes as given in sections 5.5 and 5.6. Find from the decoded message the cause of the problem; Check the wiring from the pressure transmitters to the instrument terminals (mind the polarity!); Check if the pressure transmitters are correctly configured (refer to Appendix G); Check the voltage on the instrument terminals for the pressure transmitter: HART input 2 (recommended) Unloaded 1 transmitter 2 transmitters 3 transmitters HART input 1

. 18.7 Vdc . 16.4 Vdc . 15.6 Vdc . 14.5 Vdc

. 18.7 Vdc . 15.9 Vdc . 14.5 Vdc . 13.4 Vdc

The current on the HART communication line is obvious: - with 1 transmitter: 4 mA - with 2 transmitters: 8 mA - with 3 transmitters: 12 mA 3) The HTG mass value does not correspond with the real mass in the tank. If the deviation is more or less a constant offset value, and the level and observed density calculations are correct, and the volume shows also an offset value, then the problem must be found in the strapping tables (incorrect data). If the deviation is more or less a constant offset value, and the calculated level and volume shows a similar offset, while the calculated observed density is correct, then item LP (distance P1 - tank zero) should be adjusted. If the deviation is not a constant offset value, check pressure transmitters P1 and P3 (zero calibration). 4) The HTG calculated observed density does not correspond with the real density from the product. If the difference is 0.18%, then it can be explained from the method of pressure transmitter calibration. Some pressure transmitters are calibrated with water column at 20 C, while water has a density of 1000 kg/m3 at 4 C. If this is the case, then correct item LG (local gravity) with 0.18%; 5) The HTG calculated observed density and calculated level (and hence, volume) are deviating from the real value. There is a situation in where the HTG system (which is a direct mass measurement system), cannot give an accurate density, level and volume reading. That is the case when the product is stratified in density. Even when the product was homogeneous when it was loaded into the tank, it can become stratified as the heavier parts in the product are settling down. The HTG system then measures a too high density, and hence level and volume are calculated too low. Mass however, is unaffected by stratification. Check zero calibration of pressure transmitters (refer to Appendix H).

Page 34

Maintenance and Troubleshooting 5.4 Troubleshooting vapour pressure (P3) measurement


No pressure value with item P3 Refer to step 2 at section 5.3.

5.5 Hydrostatic error request (item EH)


This item contains the most recent pressure transmitter error encountered by the optional HCU / ICU_HPI board.
xx00 xx11 No error Pressure transmitter P1; no reply on initial HART commands Pressure transmitter P2; no reply on initial HART commands Pressure transmitter P3; no reply on initial HART commands Pressure transmitter P1; wrong PV dimension Pressure transmitter P2; wrong PV dimension Pressure transmitter P3; wrong PV dimension HART input option print not mounted Pressure transmitter P1 in fail or not connected; check with HART communicator. Or when P1 is not installed: set first character of item PA to - (e.g. - - 3). Pressure transmitter P2 in fail or not connected; check with HART communicator. Or when P2 is not installed: set second character of item PA to - (e.g. 1 - 3). Pressure transmitter P3 in fail or not connected; check with HART communicator. Or when P3 not installed: set third character of item PA to - (e.g. 1 - -). Primary Variable of pressure transmitter P1 must be set to: kPa. Primary Variable of pressure transmitter P2 must be set to: kPa. Primary Variable of pressure transmitter P3 must be set to: kPa. Change HCU or ICU_HPI board for correct type.

xx12

xx13

xx35 xx36 xx37 xx99

xx:

24 for HPU emulation 28 for HSU emulation 30 for HCU emulation

5.6 Hydrostatic status request (item QF)


The hydrostatic status request item contains five status bytes (Byte 0, Byte 1, Byte 2, Byte 3 and Byte 4) from the optional HCU / ICU_HPI board. For decoding, refer to the ASCII table in appendix A.
Status byte 0: bit 0 : 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: Status byte 2: bit 0 : 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: Status byte 4: bit 0 : 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: general HCU / ICU_HPI fail *) 1 low level alarm ) 1 low low level alarm ) 1 high level alarm ) 1 high high level alarm ) 2 level time-out ) 1 0 Status byte 1: bit 0 : 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: Status byte 3: bit 0 : 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: P1 exceeds min. or max. trip pressure P2 exceeds min. or max. trip pressure P3 exceeds min. or max. trip pressure *) exceeding range P1 exceeding range P2 exceeding range P3 *) 1 0

fail P1 fail P2 fail P3 manual P3 used last valid P3 used manual level used 1 0

*) *) *) 2 )

last valid density used manual density used high density alarm low density alarm 1 HTG level fail ) no previous store command *) 1 0

manual gas density used Note: level below LN Only the bits which are set to 1 have an active status. 2 last valid level used ) 2 invalid level reading ) API underflow/overflow or negative density 1 0 ) With HTG only; ignore these bits for HIMS. 2 1 ) With HIMS only; ignore these bits for HTG. 0 *) Use only these bits with vapour pressure measurement.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 35

Maintenance and Troubleshooting 5.7 HART device pointer (items VP and VV)
By means of the value pointer (item VP) a vector can be loaded to the HCU or ICU_HPI option board. Next, with item VV, the selected data is returned. Item VP consists of 4 positions, in the middle separated by a . or , : v w . x y (or v w , x y). The values for the value pointer are listed in the table together with the obtained data.
vw 00 , , xy 00 Selected data HCU / ICU_HPI Emulation & Function Emulation: HSU, HPU, HCU Function: HC: HART channel installed AO: analog output ST: spot temperature MT: VITO average temperature WS: external water bottom probe WT: VITO water bottom probe PR: pressure transmitters Configuration boot code Sales code option: J boot code: 2E U 25 Y 3F HCU / ICU_HPI hardware version Boot code software version Error counters HART addresses 0, 1, 2 Error counters HART addresses 3, 4, 5 Detected HART device addresses (for P1: counter 1, for P2: counter 2) (for P3: counter 0) (1 for P1; 2 for P2; 3 for P3) Example / Dimension VV=HCU HCAOMT- - PR

00

01

VV=HCU CONFIG: 3F

00 00 03 03 03

, , , , ,

02 03 00 01 09

VV=HW VERSION: 00 VV=BOOTSW VERS:01 VV=0000:0000:0013 VV=0000:0000:0000 VV=1 - 3 - 5 - - - - - - - - -

Item VP=

Name HART device value pointer

Description HART device value pointer; format: 2 digits, separator, 2 digits (refer to table above). Example: VP=03.09: value pointer loaded to request the detected HART devices HART device pointer value. This item holds the value requested by item VP (refer to table above). Example: the requested detected HART devices

VV

HART device pointer value

Page 36

Appendix Appendix A ASCII table

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 37

Appendix Appendix B1 Assessment of distance LP for HIMS


In this Appendix three methods are described to obtain the distance: zero point tank - zero point pressure transmitter P1 (item LP).

B1.1

LP determination from measurement

The principle of this method consist of five measurements (refer to figure below). When performed well, the distance LP can be determined within 2 mm. Step 1) Level This is the level reading of the level gauge. Make sure it is indicating the correct value (level). Step 2) Ullage Perform a manual ullage measurement from a dip hatch located closed to the pressure transmitter P1 (ullage). Roof distance This is the distance from the selected dip hatch to a horizontal flat place on the tank railing above pressure transmitter P1 (roof distance). We advise to measure this distance with a theodolite (optical measuring device), to bring over the horizontal distance from the levelled rod on the dip hatch to the levelled rod next to the tank railing. TX distance Measure the distance from the horizontal flat place on the tank railing to the top of the pressure transmitter flange (TX height). Use a measuring tape and perform this measurement at a time there is no (hard) wind. TX centre With most pressure transmitters, the centre of the measuring diaphragm is also at the centre of the mounting flange (TX centre). For example: a 2", 150 lbs flange has a centre distance of 76.2 mm.

Step 3)

Step 4)

Step 5)

Calculate LP:

LP = level + ullage + roof distance - TX height - TX centre

Level gauge Roof distance (3) H2 H1 Ullage (2) Level (1) TX-height (4) Roof distance

TX-centre (5) Roof distance = H1 - H2 Tank zero LP

LP determination by measurement

Page 38

Appendix B1.2 LP derived by calculation from density sample

This method is fast and easy, provided that the tank is filled for not more than half of its capacity and the product is homogeneous. LP can be found from the following formula:

LP ' Level &

P7 LG Dens.obs.

where: Level P7 LG Dens.obs.

: : : :

measured level from the level gauge request for item P7 by means of the Portable Enraf Terminal request for item LG by means of the Portable Enraf Terminal this is the value from a manual density sample.

[m] [Pa] [m/s2] [kg/m3]

Note:
If the density value is provided by the lab, make sure it is re-calculated to the observed density value at the actual product temperature.

B1.3

LP determined by linear regression

With this method a number of readings are taken over the full measuring range. The readings taken are: Level and P7.

Note:
This method can only be followed when the product is homogeneous. Hence for products with density stratification, this method cannot be used. The measurements can only be taken with the same product. In practice this means, one start with a full tank and take the readings after a batch is dispatched. A set of at least 8 to 10 measurement over the measuring range should be taken to get a good result. It can take several days before the measurements are completed. Request the Level from the level gauge and request for P7 by means of the Portable Enraf Terminal (item P7). At the end of the test run, all gathered data can be processed in a spread sheet program to calculate the pressure regression line. Where the regression line of the pressure value crosses the zero line of the pressure-axis, the corresponding level value on the level-axis represents the distance LP. As an example, the following Level and P7 values are taken, and the figure shows the regression line.
120 110 100

[kPa] Pressure P7

Level [m] 15.755 14.582 13.290 11.563 10.051 8.491 7.327 5.272 4.783 3.149 2.385 1.234

P7 [Pa] 114000.5 105134.4 95421.8 82402.5 70963.2 59198.0 50480.1 34968.4 31250.6 18932.9 13192.7 4515.3

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 [m] regression line 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Distance LP can be calculated from the regression data: Linear regression method

Level measured data

LP '

Constant 4795.82 ' ' 0.6361 [m] Slope 7539.795

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 39

Appendix Appendix B2 Assessment of distance LP (and LS) for HTG


In this Appendix three methods are described to obtain the distance: zero point tank - zero point pressure transmitter P1 (item LP).

B2.1

LP determination from measurement

The principle of this method consist of five measurements (refer to figure below). When performed well, the distance LP can be determined within 2 mm. Step 1) Level The level can be taken from an innage dip at the datum plate, or from a manual ullage measurement at the upper reference point. Take the level reading (level). Step 2) Ullage Perform a manual ullage measurement from a dip hatch located closed to the pressure transmitter P1 (ullage). Roof distance This is the distance from the selected dip hatch to a horizontal flat place on the tank railing above pressure transmitter P1(roof distance). We advise to measure this distance with a theodolite (optical measuring device), to bring over the horizontal distance from the levelled rod on the dip hatch to the levelled rod next to the tank railing. TX distance Measure the distance from the horizontal flat place on the tank railing to the top of the pressure transmitter flange (TX height). Use a measuring tape and perform this measurement at a time there is no (hard) wind. TX centre With most pressure transmitters, the centre of the measuring diaphragm is also at the centre of the mounting flange (TX centre). For example: a 2", 150 lbs flange has a centre distance of 76.2 mm.

Step 3)

Step 4)

Step 5)

Calculate LP:

LP = level + ullage + roof distance - TX height - TX centre

Roof distance (3) H2 H1 Ullage (2) Level (1) TX-height (4) Roof distance

TX-centre (5) Roof distance = H1 - H2 Tank zero LP

LP determination by measurement

Page 40

Appendix B2.2 LP derived from mass calculation

As the HTG system is a direct mass measuring system, it is obvious to calibrate the HTG system by means of a mass comparison method. First of all, a good guess is made for the distance LP. In the worst case, LP can be left at zero. The mass of the product in the tank, measured by the HTG system, will be compared with the mass, measured and calculated in the traditional way or by means of another mass measuring system (such as mass-flow meters).

Note:
Before applying this method the density measurement (and thus distance LS) must be correct, as the density is used in the heel mass. The traditional way is: manual dip (or ullage dip from URP, then convert to innage) find volume in tank capacity table measure the temperature from the product perform a density sample calculate the reference density calculate the standard volume calculate mass as standard volume times reference density

The outcome from this mass calculation (or from another mass measuring device) is then compared to the mass reading of the HTG system. Find distance LP with a trial and error method.

B2.3

LP (and LS) determined by linear regression

With this method a number of level readings are taken over the full measuring range. The level reading from the HTG system and the level reading from a manual measurement are compared.

Note:
Although the HTG system is a direct mass measurement system, the calibration described below is based on level measurement. The level measurement from an HTG system is not that accurate that it can be used in a calibration method for a mass measurement system. The reason that this method is described, is that it is a relative simple method. In general we do not recommend this method.

Note:
This method can only be followed when the product is homogeneous. Hence for products with density stratification, this method cannot be used. Recall the basic HTG level formula:

Level '

P1 & P3 LS % LP P1 & P2

An error in the distance LS will cause a gain error in the HTG level reading, and an error in the distance LP will cause an offset error in the HTG level reading. Take a good guess for the values of items LP and LS.

The measurements can only be taken with the same product. In practice this means, one start with a full tank and take the readings after a batch is dispatched. A set of at least 8 to 10 measurement over the measuring range should be taken to get a good result. It can take several days before the measurements are completed. At the end of the test run, all gathered data can be processed in a spread sheet program. As an example, the following level data is taken: (LP=+000.7500 m and LS=+002.1000 m) Manual level [m] 17.238 15.755 14.582 13.290 11.563 10.051 8.491 7.327 5.272 4.783 HTG level [m] 16.7998 15.4041 14.2574 12.9826 11.3063 9.8184 8.3102 7.1500 5.1616 4.6730 Delta level [mm] 438.2 350.9 324.6 307.4 256.7 232.6 180.8 177.0 110.4 110.0 Regression data from level difference (against manual level) Constant: Slope: 0.014946 m 0.024347 m/m From the level difference (defined as: Manual level - HTG level), a regression line is calculated. From this regression line data, correction factors can be obtained for the distances LP and LS. The first approximation for the correction factor for LP is: LPcorr. = Constant + Slope x LP A second (and perhaps third) recalculation may be required to find the proper correction factor for LP: LPcorr. = Constant + Slope x (LP + LPcorr.) The recalculation can be terminated when the difference between the last correction factor and the one before the last one is 0.0015 m. Distance LP then becomes: LP = LP + LPcorr

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 41

Appendix

The first approximation for the correction factor for LS is: LScorr. = Slope x LS A second (and perhaps third) recalculation may be required: LScorr. = Slope x (LS + LScorr.)

correction on LP LPcorr. LPcorr. LPcorr. LP 0.003314 0.003395 0.000081 0.7534

correction on LS LScorr. LScorr. LScorr. LS 0.051128 0.052373 0.001245 2.1524

The recalculation can be terminated when the difference between the last correction factor and the one before the last one is 0.0015 m. Distance LS then becomes: LS = LS + LScorr. The table at the right upper corner shows the calculation results for the example and the figure shows (a part) of the regression line with the relevant data used in this calculation example.

B2.4

LS derived from calculation of density sample

The distance LS can be calculated from a known density (taken by a sample) and the pressure value P8. The HTG density formula can be re-arranged to calculate the distance LS:

LS '

P8 Dens.obs. LG

All data are measured when the level in the tank is not moving and mixers are shut off. To perform density sampling, a dip hatch must be opened, and time should be given to vent eventually over pressure and to stabilize the pressure readings. P8 : The pressure P8 is read by means of the PET (Portable Enraf Terminal). Take more than one reading with a sufficient time interval (for instance: 5 readings with an interval of one minute each). Average the readings. The value of item LG can also be requested by the PET or copied from the Set-up/Maintenance form or log-file of the 877 FDI. This is the value from the manual density sample which must be taken. The best place to take the density sample is as close as possible to the place where the pressure transmitters P1 and P2 are installed. The samples can only be taken over the height between pressure transmitters P1 and P2. Make sure the density sample is an average density sample over this height. Since the density required is an observed density value, the product temperature must be measured as well. If from Lab analyses a reference density is provided, recalculate it to the observed density value.

LG

Dens.obs. :

Note:
Mind to take the same type of density in the HTG and sample: density in air or density in vacuum.

Page 42

Appendix Appendix C Local gravity constant (item LG)


The gravitational acceleration constant is not the same all over the world and depends on the latitude and height above sea level. The table and graph below gives an approximate gravity acceleration for several ellipsoidal latitudes at sea level. Latitude [ ] 0 5 10 15 20 25 g [m/s2] 9.780490 9.780881 9.782043 9.783940 9.786517 9.789694 Latitude [ ] 30 35 40 45 50 55 g [m/s2] 9.793378 9.797455 9.801805 9.806294 9.810786 9.815146 Latitude [ ] 60 65 70 75 80 85 g [m/s2] 9.819239 9.822941 9.826139 9.828734 9.830647 9.831819

The following term must be added to the gravity figure from the table and graph for correction above sea level: - 0.003086 [m/s2 /km]

9.84

9.83

gravity acceleration [m/s 2 ]

9.82 9.8128 9.81

9.80

9.79

9.78

52.2
9.77

10

20

30

40

50
Latitude []

60

70

80

90

Gravity acceleration graph (for sea level)

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 43

Appendix Appendix D Ambient air density (item RF)


The barometric pressure decreases with the height above sea level. If for the average barometric pressure at sea level is taken 1013 mbar, then the barometric pressure at different heights is given as: Height above sea [m] 0 500 1000 1500 Barometric pressure [m] 1013 955 899 846

The graph below gives the air density at different temperatures and different heights above sea level according to the barometric pressure given in the table above. Select for item RF a value, according to the height above sea and the average ambient temperature throughout the year. For example: Netherlands; a country at sea level height; average barometric pressure: 1013 mbar; average day-time temperature: 15 C. Then, for the ambient air density, a value of 1.218 kg/m3 is found.

Air density at different heights


with 80% humidity (@1013 mbar)

1.5 1.4 1.3

ambient air density (RF) [kg/m 3 ]

0m 500 m 1000 m 1500 m

1.218 1.2
1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8

-20

-10

10 15 20

30

40

50

average ambient temperature [C]


Ambient air density

Density in air With the true value of the ambient air density used in item RF, the product density is calculated as density in vacuum. If the product density is required as density in air, then item RF must be set to 0. Refer also to appendix E.

Page 44

Appendix Appendix E Vapour density (items RG and RJ)


The area above the liquid in a fixed roof tank contains a mixture of air and product vapour. The amount of evaporated product depends on the vapour pressure of the liquid, which is a function of the temperature. The higher the temperature, the more product evaporates. The density of the gas mix above the product can be calculated with the formula of the gas density, using the vapour pressure as a relation between the amount of evaporated product and air. The formula is:

Dens.gas mix '

0.012027 (Pvap. Mliq. % (Pamb. & Pvap. ) Mair ) 273.15 % T

[kg /m 3]

where: Dens.gas mix T Pvap. Mliq. Pamb. Mair

: : : : : :

tank gas density used in items RG and RJ product temperature vapour pressure of the liquid molecular weight of the liquid vapour space pressure in the tank molecular weight of air (28.964)

[kg/m3] [ C] [mbar] [g] [mbar] [g]

For atmospheric tanks, Pamb. is the average barometric pressure. If there is some over pressure, then Pamb. must reflect this over pressure value. In general, lighter products evaporate more (have a higher vapour pressure) than heavier products. As an example, the tank gas density of two different products is given in the table below. The products are: Methanol (Mliq. = 32.04 g) and Isopropyl benzene (Mliq. = 120.2 g). Methanol Temperature [ C] 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Pvapour [mbar] 40 54 72 95 125 163 211 270 342 RG / RJ [kg/m3] 1.297 1.276 1.256 1.237 1.220 1.204 1.190 1.178 1.167 Temperature [ C] 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Isopropyl benzene Pvapour [mbar] 1.1 1.6 2.3 3.2 4.4 6.1 8.3 11.1 14.7 RG / RJ [kg/m3] 1.296 1.275 1.255 1.237 1.220 1.206 1.194 1.185 1.178

Both products appear to have nearly the same tank gas density due to the mechanism that heavier products evaporates less than lighter products. In case of a floating roof tank, or a tank with an inner floating roof, the tank gas density can be set equal to the ambient air density.

Density in air With the true value of the tank gas density used in item RG (or RJ), the product density is calculated as density in vacuum. If the product density is required as density in air, then the value of the ambient air density must be subtracted form the found value for the tank gas density in item RG (or RJ). Refer also to appendix D.

Instruction manual HIMS / HTG and vapour pressure (P3) measurement

Page 45

Appendix Appendix F1 Define values for hydrostatic deformation (items IF and IL) for HIMS

If the installation of pressure transmitter P1 is such that movement due to tank shell bulging occurs, then items IF and IL can be programmed to compensate for that movement. But first, the amount of movement must be known. This Appendix describes a method of measuring the movement of pressure transmitter P1 and calculates from the measuring results the hydrostatic deformation factor (item IF) and hydrostatic deformation level (item IL).

649

Tank shell Ruler

648

[mm] Movement P1
647 646 645 644 643

Nozzle Ball valve Pressure transmitter P1 Mark on P1 Heavy metal block

Tank bottom

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 [m] best fit line

Level measured data

Measure and calculate the hydrostatic deformation compensation items IF and IL On pressure transmitter P1 should be a mark for the zero line of the pressure transmitter. If there is not such a mark, just make one. A (temporary) fixed and stable horizontal area should be made available as a reference point for the height measurements. For instance, a heavy block of metal, made horizontal by sand or wood pieces. The height measurements could be made with a dip tape, or by a ruler. Use with all measurements one and the same instrument. Note with each measurement the height to the mark on P1 and the liquid level in the tank. At least a set of 8 to 10 measurements over the full measuring range of the tank should be taken for a good result. Level [m] 15.755 14.582 13.290 11.563 10.051 8.491 7.327 5.272 4.783 3.149 2.385 1.234 Ruler reading [mm] 644 644 645 646 646 647 647 647 648 648 648 648 As an example, some data is given in the table at the left, from which the calculations are made to determine the values for items IF and IL. In this example, for the first 5 metres level, distance LP does not change. Then, when there is more product in the tank, distance LP starts to decrease. From the point where LP decreases, a best fit line (regression line) is drawn through the measuring points. The slope of this line (0.332 mm/m) is the figure to be used in item IF. The point where this line crosses the line of measured point where LP did not change yet is used as the value in item IL (4.021 m).

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Appendix Appendix F2 Define values for hydrostatic deformation (items IF and IL) for HTG

If the installation of pressure transmitters P1 and P2 is such that movement due to tank shell bulging occurs, then items IF and IL can be programmed to compensate for that movement. But first, the amount of movement must be known. The movement of pressure transmitters P1 and P2 can simply be measured by a (calibrated) measuring tape (or ruler) at several product levels. Use with all measurements the same instrument. The distance to be measured is the distance between the zero lines on the pressure transmitters P1 and P2 (if present). When such a zero line is not present, the distance between any other fixed point on the pressure transmitter will do. Even a mark on the flanges of P1 and P2. Note also the product level with each measurement of distance LS. For a good result at least a set of 8 to 10 measurements over the measuring range of the tank should be taken. Then from the measuring results the hydrostatic deformation factor (item IF) and hydrostatic deformation level (item IL) can be calculated. As an example some data is given from which the calculations are made to determine the values for IF and IL: Level [m] 17.238 15.755 14.582 13.290 11.563 10.051 8.491 7.327 5.272 4.783 2.385 1.234 Distance LS [m] 2.156 2.155 2.154 2.154 2.153 2.152 2.152 2.151 2.150 2.150 2.150 2.150

2.157 2.156 0.469 mm/m 2.155

[m] Distance LS
2.154 2.153 2.152 2.151 2.150 2.149

For the first 5 metres in the above example, LS does not change. Then, when there is more product in the tank, LS starts to increase.

5 6 IL

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

HTG Level measured data

[m] best fit line

Distance LS compensation From the point where LS increases, a best fit line (regression line) is drawn through the measuring points. The slope of this line (0.469 mm/m) is the figure to be used in item IF. The point where this line crosses the line of measuring points where LS did not change yet, is used as the value for item IL (5.104 m).

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Appendix Appendix G SET-up and Configuration procedure for HART pressure transmitters with the HART Communicator model 275 Set- up
The set-up procedure is meant to prepare the pressure transmitter for multi-drop mode operation as required for use with Enraf gauges, equipped with the HCU or ICU_HPI option board. If during this procedure any error message appears, or when the operation deviates from the description, please refer to the Instruction manual supplied with the pressure transmitter. If more than one pressure transmitter is connected to the Enraf gauge, disconnect temporary the other(s) and set-up one transmitter at the time. 1 Enter protection level 2 of the instrument.

Note:
If the 847 PET is being used, it is advised to disable the keyboard time-out function of the PET. 2 Issue the Stop HART request command (item SR). This command will abort the HART communication schedular.

Note:
This is necessary since the optional HART board doesnt allow a second master on the HART line. 3 Switch on the HART communicator. Wait for the self-test message that no device is found. Then press OK <F4>. 4 Connect the HART communicator to the HART communication line (to the pressure transmitter). 5 The HART communicator shows the following message on the display: Select Online by pressing the key and the key. HART Communicator 1Offline 2 Online 3 Frequency Device 4 Utility

6 The following menu will be shown: Select Device setup by pressing the key.

7 If the transmitters DDL is installed in the HART Communicator, all settings can be given. If it isnt installed, only a few of the settings can be given. For configuration with Enraf gauging, the set-up for multi-drop mode can be made, as well as the selection for Engineering units and damping. But not the zero calibration. In the following instructions the selections between brackets () are for the situation the DDL is not installed. Select 4 Detailed setup Select 3 Output condition Select 4 (2) HART output Select 1 Poll address Press the key. Default the polling address is at 0 (analog mode). For multi-drop mode the address must be different from 0. The lowest mounted pressure transmitter is always called P1, and the software on the HCU and ICU_HPI board assumes its address will be 1. This applies for both HTG and HIMS. The address for P2 (middle transmitter - only with HTG) and P3 (roof transmitter for HTG, HIMS and vapour pressure measurement) should be set to 2 and 3 likewise.

Generic: Online (Generic) 1Device setup 2 PV 3 PV AO 4 PV LRV 5 PV URV

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Appendix
Give the desired address (1, 2 or 3) by means of the numerical key path on the HART communicator. Then press ENTER <F4>. 8 Press SEND <F2>, to store the new address in the transmitters memory. 9 Press OK <F4> (twice). 10 Press HOME <F3>. The transmitter is now set in multi-drop mode. This concludes the set-up procedure, however certain parameters still needs to be set. That is described in the configuration section. 10a If the configuration will be done in a later stage, then: switch off the HART communicator disconnect the probes from the HART communication lines give EX command on the 847 PET, which then re-starts the instrument and the HART communication. 10b If the configuration is done directly after the set-up, then continue at point 6) of the configuration section.

Configuration
The configuration procedure describes how to program on-line certain parameters of the pressure transmitter necessary for operation with the Enraf HCU or ICU_HPI board. It is assumed that the pressure transmitter is already in multi-drop mode (refer to set-up procedure). If during this procedure any error message appears, or when the operation deviates from the description, please refer to the Instruction manual supplied with the pressure transmitter. 1 Enter protection level 2 of the instrument.

Note:
If the 847 PET is being used, it is advised to disable the keyboard time-out function of the PET. 2 Issue the Stop HART request command (item SR). This command will abort the HART communication schedular.

Note:
This is necessary since the optional HART board doesnt allow a second master on the HART line. 3 Switch on the HART communicator. Wait for the self-test message that no device is found. Then press OK <F4>. 4 Connect the HART communicator to the HART communication line (to the pressure transmitter) 5 The HART communicator shows the following message on the display: Select Online by pressing the key and the key. HART Communicator 1Offline 2 Online 3 Frequency Device 4 Utility

6 After the scanning is completed, the following message will be shown:

Note:

If more HART devices are connected, their addresses are shown too.

Select the required transmitter by pressing the key and then the key.

HART Communicator Online 11 2 3

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Appendix
7 The following two messages are displayed intermittently. Answer always with NEXT <F3> and YES <F1>.

Generic: Analog output 1 and its digital representative are in fixed mode, and not responsive to input changes NEXT

Generic: Ignore next 50 occurrences of status YES NO

8 The following menu will be shown: Select Device setup by pressing the key.

9 If the transmitters DDL is installed in the HART Communicator, all settings can be given. If it isnt installed, only a few of the settings can be given. For configuration with Enraf gauging, the selection for Engineering units and damping. But not the zero calibration. In the following instructions the selections between brackets () are for the situation the DDL is not installed.

Generic: Online (Generic) 1Device setup 2 PV 3 PV AO 4.000 mA 4 PV LRV 5 PV URV

Setting Engineering units to kPa: Select 3 Basic setup Select 2 PV unit Scroll with the key till the units kPa appear, then press ENTER <F4>. 10 Press SEND <F2>. 11 Press OK <F4> (twice). 12 Press HOME <F3>. The units are now set to kPa, which is required for communication with the Enraf HCU or ICU_HPI option board.

Setting the damping: 13 From this menu: Select Device setup by pressing the key. Generic: Online (Generic) 1Device setup 2 PV 3 PV AO 4.000 mA 4 PV LRV 5 PV URV

14 Select 4 Detailed setup Select 2 Signal condition Select 5 (1) Sns Damp Press the key. The damping can be set between 0.2 and 64 seconds. Enraf recommends to set the damping on 8 seconds. Give the damping (i.e. 8.0) by means of the numerical key path on the HART communicator. Then press ENTER <F4>. 15 Press SEND <F2>. 16 Press OK <F4> (twice). 17 HOME <F3>.

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Appendix
Zero trim: Zero trimming the pressure transmitter is necessary in order to compensate for the mounting position errors. It should be done with the transmitter installed in its final mounting position with only static pressure applied. I.e. the drain and vent plug must be open and the isolation valve must be closed. Let the temperature stabilise for 10 to 15 minutes, in order to reduce influence caused by temperature gradients in the sensor body. The following procedure can only be followed when the transmitters DDL is installed in the HART communicator. If this is not the case, then zero trimming has to be done by means of items O1, O2 and O3. From this menu: Select Device setup by pressing the key. Generic: Online (Generic) 1Device setup 2 PV 3 PV AO 4.000 mA 4 PV LRV 5 PV URV

18 Select 2 Diag / Service Select 3 Calibration Select 3 Sensor trim Select 1 Zero trim 19 Press OK <F4> (twice).

20 Wait for approximately 30 seconds to stabilise the zero reading, then press OK <F4>. 21 Press HOME <F3>. This concludes the configuration of the pressure transmitter with the HART communicator. 22 Switch off the HART communicator. 23 Disconnect the probes from the HART communicator lines. 24 Give EX command on the 847 PET, which then re-starts the instrument and the HART communication.

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Appendix Appendix H Zero calibration of pressure transmitters


After installation, the pressure transmitters will have a small offset. This offset is caused by the mounting position and hence a zero calibration is required. Proceed as follows (refer to the figure): Close the isolation valve.
vent plug

Caution
Having the isolation valve closed for prolonged periods while the vent and drain plugs are closed, can permanent damage the pressure transmitters.
drain plug isolation valve (ball valve)

Open the vent and drain plug and drain the product from the transmitter body and piping. Allow a 5 minute stabilizing period.

Detail pressure transmitter installation

Do the zero calibration either with the HART Communicator (preferred; refer to Appendix G). Else use the pressure offset items O1, O2 and O3 as described in the next step. Item W2= P1 Zero calibration by means of pressure offset items: Name Protection level 2 Pressure of P1 Description Enter protection level 2 Format according to item PI. Read offset pressure from pressure transmitter P1. Format according to item PI. Copy the value from item P1 into O1. Format according to item PI. Read offset pressure from pressure transmitter P2. Format according to item PI. Copy the value from item P2 into O2. Format according to item PI. Read offset pressure from pressure transmitter P3. Format according to item PI. Copy the value from item P3 into O3. Exit protection level.

O1= Pressure offset P1

P2

Pressure of P2

O2= Pressure offset P2

P3

Pressure of P3

O3= Pressure offset P3

EX

Exit Close the drain plug. Open the isolation valve

When product starts to flow out from the vent plug, immediately close the vent plug.

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Appendix Appendix J Related documents


Instruction manual series 854 ATG level gauge Instruction manual series 854 XTG level gauge Instruction manual 873 SmartRadar Instruction manual 971 SmartRadar LTi Instruction manual 973 SmartRadar LT Instruction manual 877 FDI Field Display & Interface Instruction manual 847 Portable Enraf Terminal Item documentation for Enraf series 854 Level Gauges, 873 SmartRadar, 877 FDI Installation Info 003 Installation HTG / HIMS system

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Index

Index
Abbreviated HIMS/HTG density . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28 Ambient air density . . . . . . . . 10, 13, 19, 20, 23, 44 ASCII table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35, 37 Available pressure transmitters . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31 Calculated HIMS/HTG density . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28 Caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 18, 20 alarm hysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23 dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21 in air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 20, 44, 45 in vacuum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 20, 44, 45 lower limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23 observed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 17, 39, 42 sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39, 42 upper limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23 Dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 30 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 27, 32 Distance P1 - P2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22, 26, 41, 42 Distance P1 - tank zero . . . . . . . . 12, 14, 22, 38-41 Distance P3 - tank zero . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 22 Drain plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Equivalent area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Fatal HCU / ICU_HPI errors . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 HART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7, 9, 17, 29 communication errors . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 Communicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 31, 48 device pointer value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 device value pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 HCU board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8 High high level alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 High level alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 HIMS / HTG selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31 HTG level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 HTG ullage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Hydrostatic deformation . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 46, 47 factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 46, 47 level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 46, 47 Hydrostatic error request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Hydrostatic status request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 ICU_HPI board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7 Indicator mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Isolation valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Items 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21 29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 30 AH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 DD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 27 DE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 DI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21 DL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 23 DQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28 DU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 23 EH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32-35 FH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 H0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 H1, H2, H3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 23, 30, 31 HA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 HD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 23 HE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 HH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 HQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19, 20, 28 HT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31, 34 IF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 46, 47 IL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 26, 46, 47 IM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 34 LA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 LD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 22 LG . . . . . . . 9, 10, 13, 17, 19, 23, 33, 39, 42, 43 LL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 LM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 12, 19, 22, 33 LN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 22 LP . . . . . 9, 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 34, 38-41, 46 LS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 19, 26, 41, 42 LU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 M1, M2, M3 . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 23, 30, 31 N1, N2, N3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 O1, O2, O3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 30, 52 OB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 34 P0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 15, 21, 27, 30, 32 P1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 16, 17, 28, 52 P2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17, 28, 52 P3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 16, 17, 28, 32, 52 P4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28 P5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 P7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10, 16, 19, 28, 39 P8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19, 28, 42 PA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31, 33, 34 PH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13, 21, 24, 30, 31 PI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 30 PR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Q1, Q2, Q3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 QF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32-35 QQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28 RF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 13, 19, 20, 23, 33, 44 RG . . . . . . . . . 10, 13, 15, 19, 20, 23, 27, 33, 45 RJ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 27, 33, 45 SR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32, 48, 49 TT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 UR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 VP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 VQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 VV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

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Index
Last fatal HCU / ICU_HPI error . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10, 17-19 alarm hysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 status conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Level gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Level measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Local gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 43 Low level alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Low low level alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Manual density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 tank gas density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 27 vapour pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15, 27, 32 Mass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Maximum trip pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31 Minimum HIMS level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Minimum HTG level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Minimum trip pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 23, 31 Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Optional board selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Pressure alarm hysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13, 24, 31 dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 21, 30 measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 offset P1, P2, P3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 P1, P2, P3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 9, 17, 29, 48, 49, 52 Serial number pressure transmitter . . . . 16, 28, 32 Stop HART request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 28, 32 Stratification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Tank gas density . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 13, 19, 23, 45 Temperature pressure transmitter . . . . . 16, 28, 32 Ullage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Upper reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Vapour density . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 13, 19, 20, 23, 45 Vent plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 XPU board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Zero calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33, 34, 51, 52

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