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Born into the Quraysh tribe.
Descendant of Hazrat Ismail (Alaihis-salaam), the first son of Hazrat
Ibrahim (Alaihis-salaam). Born in Makkah around the year 570 A.D (more
than 1400 years ago).
Father: Hazrat Abdullah (r.a.a). He passed away before the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W) was born.
Mother: Hazrat Bibi Aminah (r.a.a). She passed away when Muhammed
(s.a.w) was only 6 years old. (orphan)
Paternal Grandfather: Hazrat Abd Al-Muttalib, whom the prophet (s.a.w)
lived with for 8 years in his childhood.
Hazrat Abu Talib: He was the Holy Prophets (s.a.w) paternal uncle and
raised him after Hazrat Abd- Al-Muttalibs death.
As Muhammad (S.A.W) grew up, to earn his livelihood he pastured sheep
and goats.
Then he started doing trade work. In that he showed great honesty and
At a very young age, Muhammad (S.A.W) enthusiastically joined a pact of
chivalry for the establishment of justice.
First revelation at the age of forty.
Before revelation:
Muhammad (s.a.w) was a merchant.
He gained a reputation for reliability and honesty. (Al-sadiq, Al-Amin)
After revelation:
Spent in striving to spread the word of Allah.
Worshipping Allah.
Helping and guiding
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Leadership principles followed by the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
! An in depth study of the leadership of the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) shows that he followed
principles listed as follow:
! 1
Principle: To begin from the possible
! Aisha, She said: Whenever the Prophet had to
choose between two options, he always opted for
the easier choice (Al-Bukhari).
! 2
Principle: To see advantage in disadvantage
! The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) guided by the
Quran (94: 5-6), saw opportunities in every
Leadership principles followed by the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) (Cont.)
! 3
Principle: To change the place of action
! He migrated to find more suitable place to fulfill his mission, that
was to deliver the message of Islam.
! 4
Principle: To make a friend out of an enemy (Quran 41:34)
! The life of the Prophet is an historical testimony of this. He
returned bad deeds by doing good and that had a conquering
effect over his enemies.
! 5
Principle: To turn minus into plus
! A British orientalist remarked He faced adversity with the
determination to writing success out of failure.
! 6
Principle: The power of peace is stronger than the power of
! He ordered his direst opponents to go free after the conquest of
Makkah. That resulted in them to willingly and immediately accept
Leadership principles followed by the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) (Cont.)
! 7
Principle: Not to be a dichotomous thinker
! He always looked for a third option instead of focusing on 2 only.
! 8
Principle: To bring the battle in ones own favorable field
! He refused to engage in battles if he can sign treaties that can
allow the confrontation of ideas instead of fighting. He knew Islam
will prevail in those cases.
! 9
Principle: Gradualism instead of radicalism
! He implemented social changes gradually rather than radically
attacking all aspects at once.
! 10
Principle: To be pragmatic in controversial matters
! He was willing to compromise in order to reach agreement as long
as that does not affect the Islamic faith.
! "1he seekl ng of knowl edge l s obl l gutory for every
Musllm.' (1lrmldhl)
! "Ee, who wlshes to enter urudlse ut the best gute, must leuse
hls futher und mother.' (8ukhurl & Musllm)
! "Alluh does not look ut your ueurunce or your ossesslons, but
Ee looks ut your heurt und your deeds.' (Abu Eurulru: Musllm)
! lt ls better to slt ulone thun ln comuny wlth the bud, und lt ls
better stlll to slt wlth the good thun ulone. lt ls better to seuk to u
seeker of knowledge thun to remuln sllent, but sllence ls better
thun ldle words.'
! "All Musllms ure llke u foundutlon, euch strengthenlng the other, ln
such u wuy they do suort euch other.' (Abu Musu: 8ukhurl &
! Slddlq (1ruthful)
! Amunuh (1rustworthy)
! 1ubllgh (Lellver)
! lutonuh (lntelllgencejvlse)
"Phllosoher, orutor, uostle, leglslutor, wurrlor, conqueror of ldeus, restorer
of rutlonul dogmus, of u cult wlthout lmuges, the founder of twenty terrestrlul
emlres und of one slrltuul emlre, thut ls
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As regurds ull the stundurds by whlch Eumun Creutness muy be meusured, we
muy well usk,
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(Alhonse de Lumurtlne, Elstolre de lu 1urqule, Purls, 8, vol. ll, PP z,6z,,