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Born into the Quraysh tribe.
Descendant of Hazrat Ismail (Alaihis-salaam), the first son of Hazrat
Ibrahim (Alaihis-salaam). Born in Makkah around the year 570 A.D (more
than 1400 years ago).
Father: Hazrat Abdullah (r.a.a). He passed away before the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W) was born.
Mother: Hazrat Bibi Aminah (r.a.a). She passed away when Muhammed
(s.a.w) was only 6 years old. (orphan)
Paternal Grandfather: Hazrat Abd Al-Muttalib, whom the prophet (s.a.w)
lived with for 8 years in his childhood.
Hazrat Abu Talib: He was the Holy Prophets (s.a.w) paternal uncle and
raised him after Hazrat Abd- Al-Muttalibs death.
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As Muhammad (S.A.W) grew up, to earn his livelihood he pastured sheep
and goats.
Then he started doing trade work. In that he showed great honesty and
ethics.
At a very young age, Muhammad (S.A.W) enthusiastically joined a pact of
chivalry for the establishment of justice.
First revelation at the age of forty.
Before revelation:
Muhammad (s.a.w) was a merchant.
He gained a reputation for reliability and honesty. (Al-sadiq, Al-Amin)
After revelation:
Spent in striving to spread the word of Allah.
Worshipping Allah.
Helping and guiding
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Leadership principles followed by the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
! An in depth study of the leadership of the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) shows that he followed
principles listed as follow:
! 1
st
Principle: To begin from the possible
! Aisha, She said: Whenever the Prophet had to
choose between two options, he always opted for
the easier choice (Al-Bukhari).
! 2
nd
Principle: To see advantage in disadvantage
! The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) guided by the
Quran (94: 5-6), saw opportunities in every
problem.
Leadership principles followed by the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) (Cont.)
! 3
rd
Principle: To change the place of action
! He migrated to find more suitable place to fulfill his mission, that
was to deliver the message of Islam.
! 4
th
Principle: To make a friend out of an enemy (Quran 41:34)
! The life of the Prophet is an historical testimony of this. He
returned bad deeds by doing good and that had a conquering
effect over his enemies.
! 5
th
Principle: To turn minus into plus
! A British orientalist remarked He faced adversity with the
determination to writing success out of failure.
! 6
th
Principle: The power of peace is stronger than the power of
violence
! He ordered his direst opponents to go free after the conquest of
Makkah. That resulted in them to willingly and immediately accept
Islam.
Leadership principles followed by the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) (Cont.)
! 7
th
Principle: Not to be a dichotomous thinker
! He always looked for a third option instead of focusing on 2 only.
! 8
th
Principle: To bring the battle in ones own favorable field
! He refused to engage in battles if he can sign treaties that can
allow the confrontation of ideas instead of fighting. He knew Islam
will prevail in those cases.
! 9
th
Principle: Gradualism instead of radicalism
! He implemented social changes gradually rather than radically
attacking all aspects at once.
! 10
th
Principle: To be pragmatic in controversial matters
! He was willing to compromise in order to reach agreement as long
as that does not affect the Islamic faith.
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! "1he seekl ng of knowl edge l s obl l gutory for every
Musllm.' (1lrmldhl)
! "Ee, who wlshes to enter urudlse ut the best gute, must leuse
hls futher und mother.' (8ukhurl & Musllm)
! "Alluh does not look ut your ueurunce or your ossesslons, but
Ee looks ut your heurt und your deeds.' (Abu Eurulru: Musllm)
! lt ls better to slt ulone thun ln comuny wlth the bud, und lt ls
better stlll to slt wlth the good thun ulone. lt ls better to seuk to u
seeker of knowledge thun to remuln sllent, but sllence ls better
thun ldle words.'
! "All Musllms ure llke u foundutlon, euch strengthenlng the other, ln
such u wuy they do suort euch other.' (Abu Musu: 8ukhurl &
Musllm)
T8D<5;
! Slddlq (1ruthful)
! Amunuh (1rustworthy)
! 1ubllgh (Lellver)
! lutonuh (lntelllgencejvlse)
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"Phllosoher, orutor, uostle, leglslutor, wurrlor, conqueror of ldeus, restorer
of rutlonul dogmus, of u cult wlthout lmuges, the founder of twenty terrestrlul
emlres und of one slrltuul emlre, thut ls
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As regurds ull the stundurds by whlch Eumun Creutness muy be meusured, we
muy well usk,
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(Alhonse de Lumurtlne, Elstolre de lu 1urqule, Purls, 8, vol. ll, PP z,6z,,