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now use Release 8 Fast Dormancy to reduce signaling overhead and power consumption of UMTS devices and also

to improve responsiveness to user input from a more power efficient .This post is about the networ that uses UR!"#$% instead of $ell" #$% li e most networ s do today as the more energy efficient state. The difference between $ell"#$% and UR!"#$% is that the mobile does not have to send a $ell"Update message whenever it moves from one cell to another. &nstead' an update is only necessary when the mobile reselects to a cell that is in a different UR! (UTR!) Registration !rea. This saves signaling overhead and power when a mobile is located *ust between two cells and thus fre+uently switches between them. &t is e+ually beneficial for fast moving users in cars or trains where mobiles select a new cell +uite fre+uently' often several times a minute. The big +uestion for me was how large a UR! actually is. ,ust one cell' several cells or even much bigger- !s & am a fre+uent public transportation commuter' the answer was not too difficult to come by and actually +uite surprising. .n a /0 m trip on a train' all cells' and & estimate there are around 12"/2 cells on that route (based on $ell 3ogger traces4 are in the same UTR!) Registration area as & didn5t observe a single update message being sent to the networ . So an UR! is +uite large in that networ ' perhaps as large as a whole 3ocation !rea which usually includes a ma*or city such as $ologne or 6onn and it5s surroundings. The downside' of course' is that for incoming data pac ets the mobile has to be paged not only in a single cell but in all cells of the UR!. For devices not using the fast dormancy trigger mechanism on their side such as UMTS73T8 stic s' for e9ample' this is not a big problem as the networ timer to go to UR!"#$% state (from $ell"F!$%4 is set to /0 seconds. For mobiles that are using the Release 8 Fast Dormancy Functionality (Signaling $onnection Release &ndication4 things could be different. Triggering it too early could result in a state ping pong and fre+uent paging in all cells of the UR! until all data has been e9changed. From my practical e9perience with the feature' however' that seldom happens. To summari:e; Using UR!"#$% instead of $ell"#$% can be +uite advantageous for networ operators as no signaling re+uired when the user moves. For the user UR!"#$% has the advantage over $ell"#$% that less power is used for non user"data related signaling while they are in trains and cars. 3et5s see' perhaps it will be a growing trend.