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Precision Timer

NE555
Connection Diagram
SO-8 NE555M
RESET

FUNCTION TABLE

TRIGGER VOLTAGE
Irrelevant <1/3VDD >1/3V DD

THRESHOLD VOLTAGE
Irrelevant
High
>2/3VDD

OUTPUT

DISCHARGE SWITCH

Low
High

Low
High
Low

On
Off

High

On

High

>1/3VDD

<2/3V DD

As previously established

DIP-8 NE555N

General Description
The NE555 is a highly stable device for generating accurate time delays or oscillation. Additional terminals are provided for triggering or resetting if desired. In the time delay mode of operation, the time is precisely controlled by one external resistor and capacitor. For astable operation as an oscillator, the free running frequency and duty cycle are accurately controlled with two external resistors and one capacitor. The circuit may be triggered and reset on falling waveforms, and the output circuit can source or sink up to 200mA or drive TTL circuits.

Features
n n n n n n Direct replacement for SE555/NE555 Timing from microseconds through hours Operates in both astable and monostable modes Adjustable duty cycle Output can source or sink 200 mA Output and supply TTL compatible

n Normally on and normally off output

Applications
n n n n n n n Precision timing Pulse generation Sequential timing Time delay generation Pulse width modulation Pulse position modulation Linear ramp generator

Wing Shing Computer Components Co., (H.K.)Ltd. Homepage: http://www.wingshing.com

Tel:(852)2341 9276 Fax:(852)2797 8153 E-mail: wsccltd@hkstar.com

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VCC = +5V to +15V.1 30 10 3. unless othewise specified) Parameter Conditions Min Supply Voltage Supply Current Note 4 Limits Typ 3 10 2 1 Max 16 6 15 5 Units 4.6 0. (Note 5) 150 3.5 1.1µF.NE555 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25˚C.5 0.30 0.5mA 180 80 200 mV mV Reset at Vcc 3 % ppm/˚C % RA = 1k to 100kΩ.No load OUTPUT HIGH = 5V. I7 = 4.3 1 (Note 6) VCC = 15V VCC = 5V 9 2.7 5. Astable Initial Accuracy Drift with Temperature Accuracy over Temperature Drift with Supply Threshold Voltage Trigger Voltage Trigger Current Reset Voltage Reset Current Threshold Current Control Voltage Level Pin 7 Leakage Output High Pin 7 Sat (Note 7) Output Low Output Low VCC = 15V.667 VCC = 15V VCC = 5V Trigger at 0V 4. RL = ∞ OUTPUT LOW = 15V.4 250 11 4 100 mA nA V nA 2 .1 5 1. Monostable Initial Accuracy Drift with Temperature Accuracy over Temperature Drift with Supply Timing Error.6 2.2 2 V V uA V 0. RB = 1k to 100kΩ. C = 0.5 VCC VCC Vcc=5V.5 %/V % ppm/˚C % %/V x VCC RA. (Note 5) 50 1.0 0. RL = ∞ OUTPUT LOW V mA Timing Error.1 2.67 0.33 20 1 0.1µF. C = 0.25 0. I7 = 15mA VCC = 4.5 0.5V.

Note 3: For operating at elevated temperatures the device must be derated above 25˚C based on a +150˚C maximum junction temperature and a thermal resistance 170˚C/W (S0-8). VCC = 15V ISOURCE = 100mA. 16 V Input voltage (control. TA + - UNIT Supply voltage .35 12.Vcc Vcc 200 mA o 0 70 0 C 3 . Electrical Characteristics state DC and AC electrical specifications under particular test conditions which guarantee specific performance limits. Specifications are not guaranteed for parameters where no limit is given.75 13.75 2.5 MAX. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional. RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS MIN 4. is 13mA at Vcc=15V. and trigger ) Output current Operating free-air temperature. Limits Typ 0. The maximum total (RA + RB) is 20MΩ. VCC = 15V VCC = 5V Rise Time of Output Fall Time of Output Note 1: All voltages are measured with respect to the ground pin. .3 3.25 0.3 100 100 ns ns Note 6: This will determine the maximum value of RA + RB for 15V operation. but do not guarantee specific performance limits.5 0. Note 4: Supply current when output high typically 9mA and MAX. unless otherwise specified. This assumes that the device is within the Operating Ratings. junction to ambient.4 Units Max 0.NE555 Electrical Characteristics (Notes 1.5 V V V V V V V V V 300 300 0.15 0.5 12. Note 2: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. unless othewise specified) Conditions Min Output Voltage Drop (Low) VCC = 15V ISINK = 10mA ISINK = 50mA ISINK = 100mA ISINK = 200mA VCC = 5V ISINK = 8mA ISINK = 5mA Output Voltage Drop (High) ISOURCE = 200mA. Note 5: Tested at VCC = 5V and VCC = 15V. the typical value is a good indication of device performance.4 2 2.threshold.25 0. however. 2) Parameter (Continued) (TA = 25˚C. Note 7: No protection against excessive pin 7 current is necessary providing the package dissipation rating will not be exceeded.1 0. VCC = +5V to +15V.75 2.1 0.reset.

the charge and discharge times. FIGURE 3. FIGURE 4. The output will then remain in the low state until a trigger pulse is again applied. When the reset function is not in use. NOTE: In monostable operation. Since the charge and the threshold level of the comparator are both directly proportional to supply voltage. the trigger should be driven high before the end of timing cycle. Time Delay ASTABLE OPERATION If the circuit is connected as shown in Figure 4 (pins 2 and 6 connected) it will trigger itself and free run as a multivibrator.NE555 Applications Information MONOSTABLE OPERATION In this mode of operation. Monostable Waveforms During the timing cycle when the output is high. 4 . Figure 2 shows the waveforms generated in this mode of operation. C values for various time delays. the timing internal is independent of supply. Upon application of a negative trigger pulse of less than 1/3 VCC to pin 2. The comparator then resets the flip-flop which in turn discharges the capacitor and drives the output to its low state. at the end of which time the voltage equals 2/3 VCC. Middle Trace: Output 5V/Div. The external capacitor charges through RA + RB and discharges through RB. Monostable The voltage across the capacitor then increases exponentially for a period of t = 1. Thus the duty cycle may be precisely set by the ratio of these two resistors. FIGURE 1. Astable In this mode of operation. The external capacitor is initially held discharged by a transistor inside the timer. it is recommended that it be connected to VCC to avoid any possibility of false triggering.1 ms/DIV. the flip-flop is set which both releases the short circuit across the capacitor and drives the output high. FIGURE 2. the further application of a trigger pulse will not effect the circuit so long as the trigger input is returned high at least 10µs before the end of the timing interval.01µF Top Trace: Input 5V/Div. the capacitor charges and discharges between 1/3 VCC and 2/3 VCC. RA = 9. Figure 3 is a nomograph for easy determination of R.1 RA C. VCC = 5V TIME = 0. and therefore the frequency are independent of the supply voltage. However the circuit can be reset during this time by the application of a negative pulse to the reset terminal (pin 4). Bottom Trace: Capacitor Voltage 2V/Div.1kΩ C = 0. As in the triggered mode. the timer functions as a one-shot (Figure 1).

07 mm Pad N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Pad Name GND TRIGGER OUTPUT RESET THRESHOLD CONTROL VOLTAGE DISCHARGE Vcc Coordinates mkm X Y 95 313 115 126 590 810 810 780 420 125 126 451 635 829 893 492 5 .02x 1.NE555 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted NE555M Pad locatin DISCHARGE CONTROL VOLTAGE THRESHOLD 7 6 5 Vcc 8 4 RESET GND 1 95 95 TRIGGER 2 3 OUTPUT Chip Size: 1.