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Lesson 2.4

Key Concepts

What is Ohms law?

What are the basic features of an electric circuit?

How many paths can current take in parallel circuits?

Ohms Law

The relationship among resistance, voltage, and

current is summed up in Ohms law.

voltage divided by the current.

V

I R

Ohms Law

The relationship can be represented by the following

equation: where R is used to represent resistance I to represent current and V to represent voltage.

Ohms Triangle

You can use the formula to see how changes in

resistance, voltage, and current are related.

Key Concepts

What is Ohms law?

What are the basic features of an electric circuit?

How many paths can current take in parallel circuits?

Basic Features

All electric circuits have the same basic features.

1. Have devices that are run by electric energy. 2. Has a source of electrical energy. 3. Connected by conducting wires.

1st Devices

First, circuits have devices that are run by electrical

energy.

bulbs.

2nd Source

Second, a circuit has a source of electrical energy.

Batteries, generators, and electric plants all supply

energy to circuits.

3rd Connected

Third, electric circuits are connected by conducting

wires.

Extras A Switch

A switch is often included in a circuit to control the flow

of charge through the circuit.

Key Concepts

What is Ohms law?

What are the basic features of an electric circuit?

How many paths can current take in parallel circuits?

Series Circuit

If all parts of an electric circuit are connected one after

another along one path, the circuit is called a series circuit.

current to take.

Disadvantage

A series circuit is very simple to design and build, but a

series circuit has disadvantages.

will go out as well because there is only one path for the current to take.

Disadvantage

Another disadvantage is that adding lights to a series

circuit will make other lights in the circuit dimmer.

Key Concepts

What is Ohms law?

What are the basic features of an electric circuit?

How many paths can current take in parallel circuits?

Parallel Circuit

In a parallel circuit, the different parts of the circuit are

on separate branches.

current to take.

Advantage

If one light goes out in a parallel circuit, the other lights

in the circuit will remain lit because there is still current in the other branches.

Advantage

When branches are added to a parallel circuit, the

overall resistance actually decreases because the current has more paths to follow.

Voltmeter

A voltmeter is a device used to measure voltage.

The circuits in homes are parallel circuits. The voltage in most household circuits is 120 volts

(North America) and 220 volts (Kuwait).

Key Concepts

What is Ohms law?

What are the basic features of an electric circuit?

How many paths can current take in parallel circuits?

1. Ohms law states that

a) charge cannot be created or destroyed. b) the resistance is equal to the voltage divided by the

current.

current, and V represents voltage.

2. Which of the following is NOT a basic feature of an

electric circuit?

c) Contains an ammeter to measure current.

3. Which of the following is an advantage that parallel

circuits have over series circuits?

a) If one light goes out, the other lights will remain lit.

c) They require less wire to connect all of their

circuits.

1. Ohms law states that

a) charge cannot be created or destroyed. b) the resistance is equal to the voltage divided by the

current.

current, and V represents voltage.

2. Which of the following is NOT a basic feature of an

electric circuit?

c) Contains an ammeter to measure current.

3. Which of the follow is an advantage that parallel

circuits have over series circuits?

a) If one light goes out, the other lights will remain lit.

c) They require less wire to connect all of their

circuits.

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