You are on page 1of 1

Simple calculator for pressure rise and fall in a pipe due to valve closure or other system events

Length of straight pipe, m ……………………………………………………………. 2000 Internal diameter of pipe, m …………………………………………………………. 0.2575 ====> Density of fluid, kg/m3 …………………………………………………………………. 570 Initial fluid flowrate, m3/hr …………………………………………………………….. 500 ====> Event time, sec ……………………………………………………………………………… 10 Non-linearity factor ………………………………………………………………………. 4 Wave speed, m/sec ……………………………………………………………………… 1085 Initial average fluid velocity, m/sec …………………………………………… 2.67 Mass flowrate, kg/sec ………………………………………………………………… 79.17 Mass in pipe, kg ……………………………………………………………………………. 59368 ====> Effective event time, sec …………………………………………………………….2.5 Pipeline period, sec ……………………………………………………………………… 3.687 RET (Relative event time) …………………………………………………………… 0.678125 Yellow = data input by user Green = calculation result 0.052 m2 area 0.139 m3/sec Max steady pressure at surge point, barg ……… 10.8 Min steady pressure at surge point, barg ………. 2 Vapour pressure, barabs …………………………………. 4.5 Allowable maximum pressure, barg ………………. 21.3 Allowable maximum anchor load, kN ……………. 20 ====> Is pipe critical? …………………………………………………… No Highest point in system above surge point, m .. 15.6 Lowest point in system below surge point, m …. 0 Dynamic Load Factor ………………………………………….. 2 Pipeline minimum pressure rating, barg …………… -1

2.04 Te

59.37 Te

Please take care to note the difference between: bar guage (relative to atmspheric pressure) - barg bar absolute (relative to vacuum) - barabs

All cells are protected except yellow ones

Results summary Maximum pressure Minimum pressure Maximum pipe force Pipe safety - high pressure Pipe safety - low pressure Pipe safety - support stressing Further work 27.29 barg 4.50 barabs 171.79 kN Unsafe - exceeds maximum allowable pressure Warning - cavitation Unsafe - will overstress anchors Computer transient simulation is suggested

Diagram of system
Zero flowrate pressure
Highest point in system before the causal event Highest point in system after the causal event

Operating flowrate pressure

Pressure-specifying device (eg atmospheric pressure)

Motorised control valve
Flowrate Causal event: valve close

Source vessel

Pressure / flow curve of pump

PI

Lowest point in system after the causal event

Delivery vessel Process equipment Pump
Alternative causal event: pump trip

Lowest point in system before the causal event