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Why Sanok and its surroundings are worth to visit?

Sanok’s land, laying on geographic borderland of Eastern and Western Carpathian Mountains, owns all advantages to do active leisure. A ong virgine nature and ountain scenery with characteristic eadows called !pastures’, where endless space gives feeling of freedo , crystal"clear air and unconta inated water assure about ecological safety, an forgets about everyday proble s. #his region, laying in place of erging cultures of east and west, on $olish % Slovak % &krainian borderland, preserved any onu ents. of $olish, &krainian, 'e ko, (o)ko and living a ong the *ewes. Wooden +rthodo, and Catholic churches, outbuildings and residential buildings in characteristic style, built by local carpenters, synagogues and *ewish ce etery Cadyks-, ay found to be interesting by tourists, at the sa e ti e giving feeling of borderland cli at, where different nations used to eet. Museu s which function here, collected valuable icon paintings, sacred architecture, historical and natural e,hibits. .estivals of opera and folk usic, dra a events, arkets, and presentations of craft are taking place here. (oth, an individual person and sport groups will find here good conditions to do sport and recreation, in field of winter sports, swi ing, cycling, sailing, canoeing and indoor sports. .ishing grounds on ountain rivers will provide any satisfaction to fisher ans. Carpathian forests rich of ani als will let hunters ac/uire i pressive trophies. #hanks to road network, ountain trails and ski runs, advantages of Sanok and its surroundings are available for tourists practising any kinds of sport. Along itineraries, also in Sanok, which is perfect base for tourists visiting (ies0c0ady, (eskid and Carpathian Mountains, there are hotels, hostels, shelters of different standards and prices, adapted to different financial possibilities. *ourney to Sanok is possible by train fro Warsaw, 1liwice, Cracow, 23d4, also fro Chyr3w in &kraina and 5u enne in Slovakia. 6oads to Sanok lead fro Cracow through #arn3w, 7rosno, and fro Warsaw through 6ado and 60es03w. #ourists co ing fro south of Europe ay cross the $olish % Slovakian border in 6ados0yce and (arwinek, and fro east in 7ro8cienko by &str0yki 9olne, or Medyka by $r0e y8l. (eside those roadways, there are also railroads in 2upk3w and 7ro8cienko. :n Sanok’s surroundings, on $olish % Slovakian border, there are bicycle, ski and pedestrian crossings; 6o0toki 13rne % 6uske Sedlo, (alnica % +sadne, 6ados0yce % $alota, C0ere cha % Certi<ne. #he nearest airports are in 60es03w, Cracow, 'vov and 7os0yce. :f you haven’t have a chance to ake yourself ac/uinted with advantages of Sanok’s land, laying in south"eastern $oland, where in centre of Europe, in ecologically perfect surroundings you ay practise different for s of touris , =+& A6E WE'C+ME>

The Land of Sanok

The Prehistory of the Land of Sanok #he results of archaeological research date the first traces of colonisation of the land of Sanok back to about the ?@th illenniu (.C. #he latest glaciaton along with a period of war er cli atic fluctuation created favourable conditions for plants and ani als. :t is fro that period that the a oth teeth and tusks discovered in the 6iver San and in the old river beds of its tributaries Aas well asB in the villages 5oc0ew, +ls0anica and &herce date fro . .lint tools associated with a oth hunters have been found in the villages of 5Cudno and WesoCa near 9yn3w and are dated to the DEst"EFth illenniu s (.C. A littler newer Gge s of the prehistory of the land of SanokH have been discovered in the i ediate vicinity of Sanok and are related to the ne,t wave of hunters, reindeer hunters. .lint tools, such as so"called scrapers, burins and spear tips Ali8ciakiB, which have been discovered in $akos03wka, Iawadka Morochowska, WesoCa and (ach3r0 date back to the Jth illenniu (.C. #he traces of the first far ers of the Keolith Age are stone and horn hoes, a,es, weaving weights, s all flint tools and pottery frag ents, found in the nu erous locations of $odkarpackie $rovince; 2obo0ew, $anis0c03w, Sokole, (3brka, Sakowc0yk, Mokre, Moroch3w, $ora<, C0as0yn, Sanok"+lchowce, (ykowce, Iawadka Morochowska, #yrawa Solna, 5oc0ew, #ur0aLsk, and Iag3r0. #he re ainder of the Stone Age are finely polished a,es ade of the so"called stripedM banded flint obtained fro Europe’s oldest flint ine in the present"day village of 7r0e ionki +patowskie. Stone a,es have also been found in such villages as (abica, 9obra, 1rabownica, )aN ier0, 'is0na, Kienadowa, Kowotaniec, Iag3r0 and Strachocina. #he end of the Stone Age saw the appearance of first copper ob)ects, such as a,es fro the village of 5Cudno. Although agro"pastoral and sheep far ing continued and people still used flint ob)ects, e.g. heart" shaped arrowheads AMokre, Moroch3w, #repc0aB, flint spear tips ASanokB, stone a,es A5CudnoB and hatchets AMokreB, ore and ore bron0e ob)ects could be found in settle ents and graves. #he oldest find in the land of Sanok dating fro the (ron0e Age is the treasure fro the village of Stefkowa, consisting of e bellish ents and finely orna ented long" helved battle hatchets. #he following treasures fro Iag3r0 and IaCu< contained sets of orna ents, such as necklaces, bracelets, beads, etc. Apart fro the above" entioned long" helved hatchets a nu ber of e,cavation sites show #ranscarpathian influences fro the area affected by the Mediterranean Civilisation. A settle ent with such artefacts has been e,cavated in Sanok. A bron0e a,e fro the Early (ron0e Age, found in the village of C0erte<, also shows southern influence. #he (ron0e age e,cavation site in the 5orodys0c0e stronghold in the village of #repc0a, which has provided an a,e, a chisel and an orna ented dagger haft, has not been identified as regards its character. At the turn of the O th and Fth centuries (.C. the (ron0e Age ended and the :ron Age began. A beautiful treasure fro the village of 5Co c0a co es fro the early :ron Age, consisting of appro,. P@@ e bellish ents, analogous to those found in the Alpine areas. Celtic settle ents have been identified in the Sanok /uarter of (iaCa 13ra, where graphite pottery and a glass bracelet have been found, both typical of Celts. Si ilar finds are fro #repc0a, where a fortified Celtic settle ent ight have been located on top of the 5orodys0c0e hill. :t is in #repc0a that a singular find, a golden Celtic coin, a ong the oldest known in $oland’s teritory, has been found, a copy of the stater of Ale,ander of Macedonia with the likeness of the goddesses Athena and Kike, dated fro Prd"Dnd centuries (.C. #he Celts fro the areas of the 6iver san arrived in the land of Sanok fro the territory of Slovakia fro the Cisa 6iver. &ntil recently, the Sanok stronghold has been located within the town’s li its, on a lofty castle hill with the 6enaissance 6oyal Castle

now do inating the area. #he results of the archaeological research carried out fro the EJQ@s were less than satisfactory. Although vestiges of an Early"Mediaeval stronghold were found, with relics of far ing and dwelling facilities dating fro the E@ th"EPth centuries, astonishingly, no lu,ury ob)ects known fro other +ld"6uthenian centres were discovered, which would testify to the significance of Sanok as the ain political centre of the region. #he riddle would re ain unsolved for a long ti e if not for the e,cavations on one of the #repc0a strongholds located on 5orodys0c0e hill. The History of the Sanok District .ro the very beginnings of the $olish statehood, the land in the catch ent area of the 6iver San, incorporated within a larger territorial unit of 5alych 6uthenia, was a contentious area. 6uthenian dukes, 5ungarians and $oles fought for their influence there. Also, #artar hordes fre/uently ventured there. .oe years the land was ostly wooded, with few towns. Most i portant of the were $r0e y8l and Sanok, along with their colonisation base, as well as a do0en or so fortified settle ents scattered on nu erous hills and situated ainly along the ost i portant transportation route, which ran alongside the valley of the San. :t was already the first rulers of $oland; (olesCaw the (rave and (olesCaw the (old, who showed their will to reign over the area in /uestion. #heir efforts were of both ilitary and diplo atic nature and were strengthened by the arriages between the descendants of $olish and 6uthenian rulers. +n D@ *anuary EPPJ, in WCod0i ier0 WoCyLski, shortly before his death *er0y :: #ro)denowic0 issed a privilege to (artek, a burgher fro Sando ier0, to establish a unicipality in Sanok based on 1er an law. #he newly established town was to beco e for a long ti e an i portant centre of ad inistration, the capital of the Sanok district. At the news of *er0y :: #ro)denowic0’s death, 7ing Cas ir the 1reat i ediately headed for 6uthenia to secure his reign there. 9uring his first e,pedition he captured 'vov and having taken Catholic inhabitants as well as spoils of war fro the city he withdrew to $oland. Casi ir’s second e,pedition, ade shortly after the first, et with the resistance of 6uthenian boyars, supported by #artar troops. :n *anuary EP?E #artars were defeated near 'ublin, whilst the leader of rebelling boyars, 9y itr 9etko, recognised the authority of the $olish king and was ade governor of the 5alych part of 6uthenia. :t was arguably during that e,pedition that Casi ir the 1reat incorporated the area in /uestion, i.e. the Sanok district, into $oland, and brought his own garrison into Sanok, the capital of the district. .ollowing the incorporation into $olish 7ingdo the Sanok district, together with the districts of $r0e y8l, 'vov, 5alych and CheC , beca e part of the 6uthenian Roivodeship until the ti es of partitions. After the situation had stabilised and $olish rule over this territory had strengthened, the Sanok district began to en)oy a new period of growth and prosperity. With the incorporation of the territory into $oland, a great colonisation activity co enced. #he countryside consisting of forests and eadows, i.e. areas with favourable conditions for breeding and far ing, was perfect for colonisation. Settlers ainly colonised river and strea valleys, were afterwards towns were established. Apart fro Sanok, established earlier, the unicipal privileges were granted to 7rosno Aabout EP?OB, *asliska AEPSSB, #yc0yn AEPSOB, 6y an3w AEPFSB, (r0o03w Abefore EPOOB, Iars0yn Abefore EPJQB, 9ubiecko AE?@FB, 9yn3w Abefore E?DPB, #yrawa 7r3lewska Apresent"day Mr0ygC3d, E?DQB, *aN ier0 AE?PFB, Kowotaniec AE???B and 'esko AE?FFB. #he towns e,perienced various fortunes. So e of the developed and have re ained towns till now, others have lost their significance. #hose ti es are best e,e plified by beautiful wooden churches fro the turn of the EQ th and ESth centuries, preserved today in 5ac03w, (li0ne and 5u niska. :n addition to the settlers who founded the towns, fro the EQ th century

onwards, the e pty areas of the Sanok district were heavily colonised by Rlach shepherds. :t was Rlachs who founded such villages as; +dr0echowa, S0c0awne, $Conna, 6ados0yce, +ls0anica and &herce. 6oyal grounds of the district as well as private, ostly owned by two powerful fa ilies; (ala and 7 ita, beca e rapidly populated. #he fa ilies’ estates e,tended in the area of the &pper San and its ountain tributaries; 5oc0ewka, Solinka and +ls0anica. #he EQth century saw not )ust the develop ent of colonisation. :t was also the heyday of the e,isting towns, including Sanok. :ts significance in the reign of WCadysCaw *agieCCo ust have been considerable, as the king chose the parish church in Sanok as the place where he ade his arriage vows to his third wife, El<nieta 1ranowska, the daughter of +tto, the Roivode fro $ilc0a. :t was in Sanok that they et and were )oined in arriage on D May E?EF by 'vov Archbishop *an MikoCa) fro 60es03w. #he wedding reception was held in the Sanok castle. Also, WCadysCaw *agieCCo’s ne,t wife, Sonka ASophiaB 9uchess of 5alshany, was associated with Sanok, as it was granted to her by her husband on account of her coronation in E?D?. .ro then it was the residence of royal wives. #he Sanok district was e,posed to the danger of raids of #artar units, which at the close of the EQth century or, according to other sources, at the beginning of the ES th century ventured as far as 9yn3w and 9ubiecko. :nhabitants of the Sanok district et with #artars twice in the EF th century. .irst, in ESDP #artar troops, oving up the San valley, burnt down Mr0ygC3d, and the following year arrived as far as in Iars0yn, *aN ier0, 9Cugie, Kowosielce and Strachocina, burning the towns and taking their inhabitants into captivity. #he only towns which defended the selves against the raids were those fortified ones, as #artars, in accordance with their co bat art, avoided the not to waste ti e capturing the . #he close of the ES th century saw the beginning of the deterioration of the Sanok district’s capital. :t ca e as the result of the defeats and stationing troops, both $olish and foreign. #he EF th century was the century of wars fought by the Co onwealth. +n Q August EFFD in $etersburg partition treaties were signed concerning the division of the $olish territory. #he Sanok district fell under the Austrian rule. As a result of the new ad inistrative division the Sanok district beca e a part of one of the eighteen regions 1alicia was divided into. #he period of Austrian partition was arked by the increasing i portance and nu ber of *ews. (eing a part of the Co onwealth, the Sanok district shared its ups and downs. Kow, it was forced to be under the rule of the 5absburg onarchy. .or nearly the whole ti e of the Austrian reign life in the Sanok district went peacefully and uneventfully. 5owever, the echoes of the Kove ber &prising reached there and, as elsewhere, volunteers set out to fight against 6ussians. 1alicia and the Sanok district were shocked by a tre endous tragedy, which was later referred to as the 1alician Slaughter. +n E Kove ber EJEO in 'vov, the Austrians handed over to the &krainians well"stocked ilitary depots, and the &krainian $eople’s Council proclai ed independence of the Western"&krainian $eople’s 6epublic, which had its ar y consisting of several thousand soldiers. 9uring WW:: the Sanok dictrict was occupied by 1er ans and 6ussians. #his situation continued till DD *une EJ?E, when the 1er ans attacked their for er ally. At the close of war and a few years aftwrwards, the &krainian :snurgent Ar y A&$AB attacked $olish population and destroyed their villages. +n DF March EJ?F, the decision to get rid of the &$A was ade and to that end all people of the &krainian"origin were displaced to Korth"Western $oland. Sanok, the town’s history

#he oldest written ention about the town dates fro the ti es when the district belonged to 6uthenian dukes. #he Latopis Hipacki chronicle says that in EEQ@ 5ungarian 7ing 1e)0a :: Gcrossed the ountains and captured the Sanok stronghold with its governor and sei0ed any villages in the $r0e y8l districtH. :n EPPJ, when it was still part of 5alych 6uthenia, Sanok was granted a self"governing privilege based on Magdeburg 'aw. :t was issued on D@th *anuary EPPJ by 9uke 1eorge #ro)denovitch :: of 5alic0, hi self fro the Ma0ovian line of the $iast dynasty. Certain archaeological e,cavations carried out on the castle hill and on .a)ka hill near Sanok, not only confir the written sources, but also date the Sanok stronghold origins to as early as the Jth century. +n .a)ka hill, where probably the first settle ent of Sanok was situated, so e re ains of an ancient sanctuary and a ce etery were found, as well as nu erous decorations and encolpions of the 7iev type. Also, two sta ps of the 1reat 7iev 9uke 6urik 6u8cisCawowic0 fro the second half of the ED th century were found. After EP?@ 5alic0 6uthenia was sei0ed by $olish 7ing Casi ir the 1reat, who reconfir ed the unicipal privilege of Sanok on DQ of April EPSS. At that ti e Sanok beca e the centre of a new ad inistration district na ed after Sanok, which was a part of the 6uthenian Roivodeship. #he district covered the area fro the sources of the San in the south"east to (Ca<owa in the north and 7rosno in the west. #he Sanok castle housed unicipal and rural offices, controlled by the district governor. Several courts of )ustice operated in the town, including unicipal and rural courts of lower instance and also the higher instance court for the entire Sanok land, based on the 1er an law. :n the ESth century castellan MikoCa) Wolski helped transfor the castle fro the 1othic to 6enaissance style. :n spite of subse/uent nu erous reconstructions and a collapse of the side wings it has survived in this for until now. :n E?EF 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo arried El<bieta 1ranowska in SanokTs parish church. :n those ti es the parish already possessed the school for the sons of the townTs citi0ens and nobles en fro the nearby areas. #he greatest of the were; 1regory fro Sanok, an outstanding hu anist and *an 1rodek " the nine"ti e rector of *agiellonian &niversity in the years EQ?@"EQQD. Sanok was a widowTs property of $olish /ueens, hence after the death of 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo his last wife, Iofia 5ols0aLska lived in the castle for any years. Another fa ous Uueen of $oland, (ona Sfor0a, did so uch for the town that her fa ily coat of ar s Aa dragon"snake swallowing a SaracenB was incorporated into the town’s e ble . #he period fro the id"E?th century to the id"ESth century is considered the ost prosperous in the history of the town. .ro the end of the ES th century a slow decline began, ainly due to nu erous fires. #he greatest of those, in EQSS, caused so uch da age, that only the castle, the .ranciscan onastery, five houses and the upper suburb survived. 9uring the 6evolutions of EO?O the Kational Council of the Sanok district and the Kational 1uard were established in Sanok. Around EO?Q Walery 'ipiLski and Mateus0 (eksiLski established in Sanok a s all anufactory for aking boilers. :t developed in EOOS into a larger industrial facility and a few years later 7a0i ier0 'ipiLski Ason of WalentyB established the .irst 1alician Co pany for Machinery and Carriage Construction in Sanok and in the years EOJ? to EOJQ started building a factory in $osada +lchowska /uarter. #he long"lasting traditions of those establish ents are now continued by Autosan Sanok Coach .actory. #he print shop organi0ed in EO?O by 7arol $ollak was ost vital for the cultural and educational develop ent. :n EOQQ the first book of G(iblioteka $olskaH AG#he $olish 'ibraryHB was printed, edited by 7a0i ier0 *30ef #urowski. Construction of the railway fro Chyr3w via

the educator of *an 5udyani’s sons. :t lasted until EJ?O. reconstructed in the subse/uent years. 1regory fro Sanok. 5e was the patron and protector of Calli achus and a talented . +n the way to the Market S/uare one passes St.ro P Ma)a Street we turn into 7o8cius0ki Street passing 9o 13rnika ACoal iner’s 5ouseB Ain its arcades is the +rbis tourist infor ation officeB and turn into 1regory fro Sanok Street which leads us to the Church of the #ransfiguration. the town’s coat of ar s and the national e ble . wreaking havoc in villages of the Sanok district. 9on’t forget to pull his nose.irst World War Sanok suffered great losses because of ilitary operations and cholera epide ic. there is the building of the for er 9istrict Council fro the years EOFQ" O@. #he forerunner of hu anis in $oland.pedition in E???.Iag3r0 and 2upk3w to 5ungary in EOFD and its e. #he onastery is also fa ous for holding the 5oly Cross relics. there are late"(aro/ue altars and the painting of +ur 'ady of the Sanok 9istrict AConsolationB probably fro the first half of the EFth century.tension fro EOO? had a great i pact on townTs develop ent. When in the Market S/uare one should look at the for er town hall fro the EO th century. including the 6ubber . #he war was disastrous to the town. as the river San was ade the border between the 1eneral 1ouverne ent and the Soviet &nion.ro the Market S/uare one turns into P Ma)a Street. a assive deportation of &krainian speaking inhabitants of the Sanok district to the regained territories. (etween the World Wars new production plants and facilities were established in the town. Also here the EJ th century town buildings have been preserved. after its tragic end. Sanok’s pro enade. the archbishop of 'vov. #he whole co ple. security and ilitary forces of the co unist $oland on the other. confectioners and restaurants here. :ts last dra atic accord was the so"called Ristula +peration. #here is an tourist infor ation office and. Ain the present structure since EOOSB was founded by WCadysCaw +polc0yk. of buildings has preserved its original defensive character.actory. especially to its industries. participant and chronicler of the Rarna E. naturally. :t soon turned into a civil war between the &krainian underground forces on one side and the ilitia.ranciscan church and onastery dating fro the years ESPD"ES?@. electricity. #he church in the Keo"1othic style was rebuilt in the years EOF?"OF after the fire of the previous one.alconHB organi0ation and the local authority was taken over by the $olish people. A walk around the town :t is best to start a walk around the town by visiting the 5istorical Museu . #he faWade features the coat of ar s of the Sanok district. #here are any shops. . (efore leaving the castle courtyard. #he . where one can sit down and rest after visiting the Museu . waterworks. +n E of Kove ber EJEO the first $olish patrols e erged fro the building of the GSok3CH AG. . #he faWade contains a clock.e. #here is a little chapel of St. +pposite. *ohn’s S/uare on the left. and in the s/uare’s centre there is a co position by Id0isCaw (eksiLski. As a atter of fact it did not end with the dislodge ent of the 1er an forces. Iag3r0 via Sanok to *asCo in 9uring the . cafes. the fa ous bench with 1ood Soldier Xve)k. *ohn Kepo ucen fro the early EJ th century there. +n J Septe ber EJPJ 1er an troops invaded Sanok. :nside. the secretary and confessor of Rladislaus of Rarna. now the #own’s +ffice. it brings good luck> . one should see the panora a of the SConne Mountains and the valley of the San which e.ro that ti e to DD *une EJ?E Sanok beca e a border town. VWartaV (attery $lant. . gas supplies and any other facilities. i. :n EJP? the Museu of Sanok 'and was founded.tends fro the terrace of the for er castle tower.

ro that point the best way to access Chopin Street is down the re ain of a ski")u ping hill. 5is GpresenceH is co e orated with a bench.alcon Society Atoday 7lub 7inoB.a ple of the for er Art Kouveau villa architecture. +n the left is the villa of the 9o aLski fa ily. Across the street. preserved fro the oldest 1othic church of St. Cathedral of the 5oly #rinity was built in EFO? for a &niate parish on the site of the for er +rthodo.irst World War and to have used the services of the brothel Atoday the 5otel $od #r0e a 63<a i. within the ca pus grounds of the *an 1rodek State Rocational School of 5igher Education. here on a s all s/uare opposite the )unction we can rela. *aroslav 5asek.ad inistrator. #he path will lead us to the Mound of Ada Mickiewic0 built at the turn of the centuries. which operated till the early EJF@s. *ohn’s S/uare.hibitions of artists fro all over $oland. as well as see pla/ues co e orating the history of Sanok’s cooperation with the 1er an town of 6einhei and a onu ent which was erected to ark the launching of the ship na ed Sanok. who captured Sanok in EJ??. fro where the southern and western panora a of the town e. on the church’s left we see G#he Monu ent of the 1ratitudeH. . we will see a e orial to the soldiers and police en killed during the fights against the &krainian :nsurgent Ar y. the Municipal $ublic 'ibrary and the Co ple. ne. erected for 6ed Ar y soldiers. as all year round it hosts art and photo e. fa ed for hosting the wedding of 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo and El<bieta 1ranowska on D May E?EF.t to the onu ent we enter the unicipal park. Chopin Spring. #here are also very interesting polychro es by #. #his fictitious character is said to have visited Sanok during the . built at the close of the EJ th century. unveiled in EJSD in lieu of the for er one destroyed by the 1er ans in EJ?@ on St. Activity Touris in the Sanok District . Michael.t to the soldier. an e. whilst the side wall contains a reconstruction of a low"relief sculpture of a falconer tearing off the fetters of enslave ent. At the end of 'enartowic0a Street is one of Sanok’s finest buildings%a villa of the town’s architect. +pposite there is the Mansioners’ 5ouse.ollowing a path ne. +utside. #oday his na e is borne by a street in Sanok. $opiel and nu erous co e orative plates.t to the castle. there is a EJth century iconostasis. churches fro the ESth and EOth centuries. D in Sanok. Walking down the alleys we will reach the . there is a pla/ue telling the story of the regi ent. and he e bodies folk wisdo and is liked by a vast a)ority of the society. :n front of the building there is a stately onu ent of 1regory fro Sanok created by Marian 7oniec0ny. We suggest going along Mickiewic0a Street as far as the )unction with 7o8cius0ki Street. opposite the Sanok Co unity Centre. on a bench in the soothing coolness of the . :t is a good idea to go inside. #he +rthodo. #he church’s right aisle contains Sebastian 'ubo irski’s gravestone. A do0en or so etres further. cathedral in Ia kowa Street. . where any traveller ay sit down ne. whose frontage is adorned with a sculpture of a falcon. (aro/ue side altars and a EFth century icon of Mary with the Child. on the right is the building of the for er . :nside.ro here it is )ust a step away fro the +rthodo. #oday. of Schools Ko.tends. At this point we can choose at least three different alternatives our further sightseeing tour in Sanok. After turning left. down the street. now housing the $ublic Municipal 'ibrary. on the s/uare in front of the park there is a onu ent to #adeus0 7o8cius0ko.. once the barracks of D nd $odhale 6ifle en’s 6egi ent. . in spring and su er ountain cycling co petitions are held there. the villa of the Ialeski fa ily and along 1Cowackiego Street. 1oing down the alley we will get to Chopin Street which will lead us to Mickiewic0a Street. where we have started our sightseeing tour of Sanok.ountain GA 1irl in the 6ainH. this unusual onu ent is the showpiece of the ost" fre/uently visited street in Sanok. At the )unction of $iCsudskiego and Mickiewic0a Streets. Si ilar buildings are also located near the castle steps. Kowadays. Wilhel S0o ko. *osef Xve)k is a character created by the C0ech writer.

e. there is an e. #hose who have decided to go horse"riding should.arwell to 5olidays with the 5ucul 5orse. An additional attraction is the . Also the #rail of :cons 9own the San Ralley offers cycling opportunities. apart fro tourist outfits. +ne can also take part in a trip on a wagon followed by a nu ber of horses. asphalt. both for road and ountain cyclists. pillbo. wagon and carriage rides. i. organised by the E. :f you spend a night in Sanok. $articipants can then change a horse for a wagon at any ti e. leg pads and gloves with the .. 9ue to the lie of the land less advanced tourists should use the routes in the western part of the district. and horseback tours. #he vent is held on the last Saturday and Sunday of August. with vast open spaces and e pty fields on the sites of for er villages. An inter ediate cyclist will cope with all the routes in the district. take basic rising kit. both for those preferring road bikes and those fond of ountain bikes. Studs and far s offer various horse breeds. #here are a do0en or so horse studs and far s offering horse"riding lessons under an instructor’s supervision. trips. especially the areas situated in the southern part of the Sanok district. which like no other breed are suitable for learning to ride. E 'ength OD k Surface.tra stalls for horses Aovernight acco odationB. including the ountain breed GhuculH horses.ception of 7rosno"Sanok"&str0yki road and 60es03w" Sanok road traffic is relatively low and cycling in a nu erous group of cyclists should not be difficult. .Horse!riding routes #he environs of Sanok. $roposed S"day horse"riding route  +dr0echowa % 6udawka 6y anowska % 9ar3w % $olany Surowic0ne % 'ipowiec  'ipowiec % Iyndranowa % 'ipowiec  'ipowiec % *asiel % 9oC<yca near 7o aLc0a  9oC<yca near 7o aLc0a % 6ados0yce % Kowy 2upk3w % Wola Michowa  Wola Michowa % 9us0atyL % 7o aLc0a  7o aLc0a % (ukowica 6ange % +dr0echowa "ycling #outes in the Sanok District #he Sanok district is a cyclist’s paradise. dirt Sanok % #repc0a % MiYd0ybrod0ie % Mr0ygC3d % 5Co c0a % 9obra S0lachecka % &luc0 % (orownica % *awornik 6uski % $iZtkowa % IohatyL % 'ipa % Stara (irc0a % 'es0c0awa 9olna % 7u4 ina % #yrawa WoCoska % Wu)skie % Sanok .peri ental Centre of the :nstitute of Iootechnology in +dr0echowa.hibition of handicraft. Pro$osed "ycling #outes  6oute Ko. #he ain part of the event is the cha pionship of S i ental cattle and of the hucul horse. With the e. a fair and artistic perfor ances. wild strea valleys and long ountain ranges are perfect for horse"riding. which enables tourists to use their own horse during their stay. though so e ountain sections re/uire a higher degree of caution and carrying a bike. as well as sleigh rides in winter.or advanced riders one"day or several"day tours are organised as well as driving cattle up to ountain pastures. So e far s have e. =ou do not have to own a bike as you cen rent it fro the 6owero ania shop at PO *agielloLska Street and fro the Ca p (iaCa 13ra Centre. Also. you should go on a trip around the town.

#ravelling along this route one has to cross a strea four ti es. S olnik. sites of historic interest and viewing sites. dirt Sanok % Sanoc0ek % $rusiek % (ukowsko % $Conna % Wysoc0any % Mokre % Moroch3w % $ora< % 2a0y Str3<owskie QDE % Str3<e Wielkie % Sanok  6oute Ko. #he fourth one runs north through 60eped4 to S0c0awne. past the +rthodo. and further on down the 6iver San valley to the village of MiYd0ybr3d4. 2upk3w. . then past the Sanok +pen"Air Museu on (iaCa 13ra /uarter. dirt Iag3r0 % #arnawa 9olna % 7alnica % Sukowate % 7a ionki % $ass S@J % #ur0aLsk % 60eped4 % S0c0awne % Wysoc0any % Mokre % Moroch3w % $ora< % Iag3r0  6oute Ko. dirt Sanok % 1linica PJP % IabCotce % C0erte< % 7ostarowce % Strachocina % (a<an3wka % *aN ier0 % Iars0yn % $atria ?F? % $ielnia % 9udyLce % $obiedno % $rusiek % Wiecha ?FE % $Cowce % Sanok  6oute Ko. it erges with the red trail fro (iaCa 13ra and runs with it up to +rli 7a ieL AEagle’s StoneB AQQ? B. which continues along the ridge of the SConne Mountains.t to the church is a pyra id"shaped to b of the 7ulc0ycki fa ily. #he first starts at 7o aLc0a and runs west to the village of Mos0c0aniec through C0ystogarb and WisCok Wielki. +sCawice and back to 7o aLc0a. #hen it leads to the edge of the village of 'is0na and behind the forester’s lodge it co es off fro the red trail. #he routes erge radially in 7o aLc0a. where a beautiful asonry Eastern church stands on a steep river bank. #he trail is arked with infor ation boards situated in the 7o aLc0a co une AiB. #he #rail of :con reaches Mount Moc0arka AQO? B and turns towards the village of #yrawa . ? 'ength S@ k Surface. D 'ength QD k Surface. a new cycling trail was arked out fro 7o aLc0a to Med0ilaborce of the length of E@@ k . dirt (ukowsko % Kowotaniec % +dr0echowa % Sieniawa % 6y an3w % 6y an3w Idr3) % 9aliowa % *a8liska % Surowica % 9ar3w % (ukowica 6ange % $ass FEP % Wola $iotrowa % (ukowsko  After a road crossing to Slovakia in 6ados0yce was opened. EOth and EJth centuries. #he routes partly overlaps with the G#rail of 1ood Soldier Xve)kH and erges with the G1reen (icycle % (ies0c0adyH trail in Wola Michowa. P 'ength Q@ k Surface. past the wooden cross placed on the ridge with the inscribed date EOSP. The e Trails of the Sanok District The Trail of %cons Down the San &alley #he educational trail runs fro Sanok A#he Museu of :consB. Ke. #he third one goes east through +sCawica. Q 'ength FQ k Surface. #he route features nu erous Eastern"rite churches fro the EFth. asphalt. as it runs along the beautiful +sCawa Ralley. #he second one runs fro 7o aLc0a and south to 6ados0yce and further on to Med0ilaborce in Slovakia . Cathedral Church. . asphalt. S olnik to Wola Michowa.ro this point the trail cli bs up the slopes of 13ra 7r0y< AMount CrossB A?FQ B. #here is also a loop way fro 7o aLc0a through $reCuki. asphalt.urther on. 9us0atyL. 6oute Ko. fro where a yellow trail runs to the Sanok /uarter of +lchowce and on to the railway and coach station. asphalt.

#here used to be any ore of the . #he trail continues to ascend steeply and after a while we enter a forest.t to a ce etery. on horseback. descending to an Eastern church along a road ne. where it crosses a footbridge over the San and reaches the foot of 9Ybnik hill with an Easter church on top of it. Kow. #he trail then runs past the Eastern church in #yrawa Solna and then goes over the 6iver San and reaches Mr0ygC3d. north of Sanok ASanok"&luc0B. Q inutes fro the trail there is a beautiful viewing glade. a good pair of boots and an accurate ap will enable the tourist to en)oy the beauty of wooden architecture of the 'e ko land of the +sCawa Ralley. #he trail runs on past a beautiful sandstone outcrop and down to the village of +lchowce. through which we approach the peak of Mount SConna. for erly a town. the trail goes as far as the Eastern church in 2od0ina and then to WitryC3w. Eastern"rite churches. and then towards 2od0ina. or by boat down the 6iver San. on a ountain or road bike. on foot over the bridge on the 6iver San or use public transport. 5ere. :n order to fa iliarise tourists with that disappearing culture.. which shows the ost interesting e. #rail course. After descending fro the hill. ainly wooden. . #he trail turns abruptly right. diverging in the western direction towards the hill of $r0ysCup offering e. up the village is an Eastern church. Churches within the Sanok district.cellent views. #hen.a ples of architecture of 1reek" Catholic and +rthodo. . an idea was conceived to create G#he #rail of :consH. where a side road branches off the ain road up the village. Sanok"Ralley"Iag3r0"Wielopole"#arnawa 13rna"+lchowa"2ukowe"[rednie Wielkie"Moroch3w"Mokre"C0as0yn"7uls0ne"S0c0awne"#ur0aLsk"60eped4"7o aLc0a" 6ados0yce"S olnik. the (ies0c0ady or the 'ower (eskid Mts.ro Sie us0owa the road will lead us towards 5oCuc0k3w. all we ust do is to go back the centre of Sanok. #here. 5opefully. Sanok"Iag3r0" 7o aLc0a"Slovak border. the trail descends to the upper end of the village of Wu)skie to ascend again to the s all ountain range called 1ranicka. #rail course. the other one goes along the 6iver +sCawa Ralley and is situated relatively close to the ain road. through $iCa to the village of Sie us0owa. encounters nu erous. .ro there it runs towards the village of 5Co c0a. a few inutes away fro the trail. nowadays a re ainder which has survived the turbulent post"war period testifies to the crafts anship and culture of the past inhabitants of these ountains. #hen it goes along the road to the Eastern church in 9obra and up the village. Sanok % #repc0a % MiYd0ybrod0ie % #yrawa Solna % Mr0ygC3d % 5Co c0a % 2od0ina % &luc0 % 9obra S0lachecka % Sie us0owa % 5oCuc0k3w % Wu)skie % +lchowce % Sanok The Trail of %cons Down the #iver 's(awa &alley Whoever arrives these parts. where an old country road takes us up the village where an Eastern church is.Solna. goes out of the village. perfectly integrated into the ountainous landscape. . #he trail ay be covered on foot. through a forest and along the slopes of Mount +stry 90iaC towards 7recowo.ro 7recowo the trail goes along a road. #he first trail to be arked out was the #rail of the 6iver San Ralley. nearby a site of a for er Eastern church fro 7recowo and an old ce etery.

bunkers are not unprotected>>> Entering bunkers is dangerous for health and life.ortifications is a cultural cycling trail which runs fro Solina to 7rasic0yn and reveals Soviet and 1er an re nants of fortifications fro the Second World War in the southern part of the so"called $r0e y8l . #he trails starts at Solina. #he Soviet and 1er an facilities were built in the years EJ?@"?E along the borderline which was established following the partition of $olish territory occupied by 1er an and Soviet ar ies fro EJPJ. At that ti e. . :n *uly EJEQ. near the da . etc. Careful. So e of the bunkers ASanok"+lchowce. #he construction work began on EQ +ctober EJPJ as ordered by the Chief of the &krainian .? k B % 9obra AQO. #he first Soviet bunker is situated in (3brka near Solina. cutting the farthest into northern Carpathian slopes.O k B % 9ubiecko AEE@. facilities varying in their degree of preservation ay be seen. #rail lengths in kilo etres. entangle ents.D k B % 7r0ywc0a AEDD. ainly along scarcely used dirt and gravel roads. in the years EJ??"?S by the $olish Ar y.e.JB % Mr0ygC3d AQ?. #hey were eant to fulfil defensive functions and to enable a counteract on the ene y’s positions.ortifications 6egion. #he approaches were lined with antitank gutters and anti"personnel barriers.D k B % Iwier0yL AO. #he trail is arked black and runs al ost co pletely along the 6iver San Ralley and ascends only to 1linne and 'esko. #he fortifications strip had not been co pleted by the ti e 1er an"Soviet war broke out and conse/uently ost of the were /uite easily captured in *une EJ?E. offering perfect observation points to the gorge of the San fro 5u0ele to 2ukawica. (3brka near Solina"'esko"Sanok"9yn3w"7rasic0yn.O k B % Sanok APO. +nly a few of the were destroyed in co bat. the following were ade. #hey should be looked at fro the outside until protected. i. *ve+k.F k B % &luc0 AS?.ront Staff. he passed here on his way to the 6ussian . earth and wood bunkers.F k B % 7rasic0yn AE?@ k B. #he ain defence strip was ade up of battalion hubs with the front of the width of S to E@ k and the depth of Q"E@ k . (3brka % E facility A@ k B % Myc0kowce A?.O k B 9yn3w AJ@. #he #rail of the 6iver San .rag ents of P such regions have been preserved within the present $olish borders. including ine fields. E@ thousand co bat bunkers were planned. grouped in EP fortified regions. you will begin a )ourney in the footsteps of orderly of the EE arch co pany of the JE st infantry regi ent *osef Xve)k of (ud\)ovice in the C0ech 6epublic.PB % 1linne AEP. side"fire bunkers. +n DS *une EJ?@ $eople’s Co issar Sie on #i oshenko ade the decision to build per anent reinforced concrete fortifications. At present.F k B % 2ukawica ADD.ortifications co prises the southern part of the $r0e y8l .The Trail of the #iver San )ortifications #he #rail of the 6iver San . the so"called GMolotov"'ineH and 1er an border fortifications of the so"called G1aliciaH (order $osition.Q k B % IaCu0 ADO. near a schoolB were destroyed by 1er an whilst aking a fil for a war newsreel about capturing G#he Molotov 'ineH. Many of the bunkers of the 'esko and IaCu<" Sanok hubs were blown up only after the war. at SO? etres. #he trail runs along. north of 6ados0yce.S k B % 'esko AEF.O k B % *abConica 6uska AFD k B % Siedliska AOE. Most of the trail runs on asphalted surface. G#he Molotov 'ineH co prised artillery battery bunkers. antitank gutters. front"fire bunkers and observation"co and bunkers. uch da ages and entirely preserved.F k B % (ach3r0 AJS.ortifications 6egion.s Trail 5ere on the (eskid $ass.

the 'ast *udg ent fro 'ipie Athe EFth C. +ur trail starts along the for er border of 1alicia. dear #ourist.actly what Xve)k saw fro behind train windows. and after being checked for an e.S k B % IaCu< AS?. #he largest collections are only to be found in the useu s in 7iev and $etersburg. the icon of Christ $antocrator fro Wu)skie Athe EQ th C. which was regarded by the conte porary Europeans as the worst in hu an history. having produced appropriate docu ents at the border crossing. :t is arranged so as to allow the visitors to trace the transfor ations of icons under the influence of Western Culture.B. +ne of the roo s shows how the +rthodo. :t will be uch ore interesting. that to survive it one needed Xve)k’s opti istic attitude.F k B % S0c0awne ADQ.anH painted in the EF th century by .lorynka Athe ESth C. 5owever.O k B % Wysoc0any APP.B. As he covered the section fro the 2upk3w $ass to Sanok by train and cycling along rail tracks is anything but interesting or safe. including the outstanding portrait G#he 'ady with a .e plified by gentry paintings fro the EFth"EJth centuries.a ples are. 5odegetria fro $anis0c03w Athe ESth C. E. MikoCa) Wolski. We tried to ark an e/ually appealing trail fro Sanok to the &krainian border.? k B % Iag3r0 A?Q.P k B % Iawadka AOD k B % 6opienka 13rna AOQ. +ur 'ady of . #he ost splendid e. if you are not a professional in this field. decent citi0ens. We hope that opti is will not dessert you too. Katurally. therefore. "ulture The Historical -useu of Sanok Established in EJP?. Secular art is e. #he e. :t was the seat of the Starost’s office and royal archives^ it was also the place where trials were held.S k B % 6o0pucie AFQ.B.OB k % Sanok AQP.O k B % $ora< A?D. through the locations described by *aroslav 5a]ek.y. and by a few Western"European paintings. which are inaccessible in the operating churches. cannot cross the state border at any place we like. it is a ong the oldest useu of $odkarpacie and holds one of the ost precious collections. then.hibitions are presented in the roo s of the castle built between EQDE and EQ?O by the Starost.front to give his life for Gthe E peror and his fa ilyH.cessive a ount of alcohol.hibition is on the ground and first floors of the castle. along ountains lined with the dense network of trenches at the turn of EJE?MEQ. #his will prepare you for the tour of churches along the #rail of :cons and will allow you to look behind the 5oly 1ate. we drew the trail along a pictures/ue route of the 6ivers +sCawa and +sCawica Ralley by roads alongside the tracks so as to ake it possible for you to see e. #he cycling trail suggested by us does not always run e. you’d better visit this part of the useu with a guide. like our hero.J k B % Wo)tk3wka AJ@. 5is regi ent travelled a few kilo etres east of that place. 6ados0yce 1$7 A@ k B % 7o aLc0a AJk B % *awornik AEJ k B % 60eped4 ADD. Along the way you are bound to co e across a wealth of traces of that atrocious war. church’s interior was arranged. the trail covers all the places entioned in the novel. the castle was the seat of ad inistration in the Sanok district. S all wander.B. :t is the E&’s largest collection of icons on display. art with any asterpieces of icon painting fro the EQth to the EJth centuries is of a uni/ue international value. when you will have to cycle up steep Carpathian slopes. especially so.Q k B % #yrawa WoCoska AFD.O k B % *urec0kowa AJP. #rail course. #he collection of +rthodo.O k B % Wu)skie ASS.actly as our character travelled. and you will be surprised discovering the eeting of cultures and past with the present. we set out for the (ies0c0ady. but they are uch less varies there due to the preservation of Eastern +rthodo.E k B % Mokre APQ. (efore the partitions. but we. through the 2upk3w tunnel.S k B % 'iskowate AJJ k B % 7ro8cienko AE@Q k B.

#hey include such rarities as encolpions or wo en’s headwear of uni/ue beauty. +pening hours. the so"called :nn.@@ adolescents and children $'K DQ. (oyko and 'e ko fro the EFth to the D@th centuries. #he civil" ilitary function of the castle is evidenced by ilitary ite s. #he other building of the Museu .pl e" ail. graphics fro the id"EJQ@s. &l. #he second and third is ade up of works by Sanok"related artists. hssekret_interia. #adeus0 Makowski. Miec0ysCaw *anikowski and Arika Madeyska.@@ adults. representing the ethnic groups of $og3r0anie. especially in .sanok.6e brandt’s pupil. #he third one is the world’s largest collection of works by Ibigniew (eksiLski. and includes paintings by +lga (o0naLska. hel ets.@@ a fa ily ticket A in. $'K F. (arbara (andurka. to the latest works and e.hibitions.@@ to E@. it is a ong Europe’s ost beautiful open"air useu s. @EP ?S P@S@J www.@@ a 1uide.pl The -useu of )olk Architecture Established in EJQO and situated on the right bank of the 6iver San at the foot of the SConne Mountains. +n the area of PO hectares nearly EQ@ buildings were gathered. :n ter s of the nu ber of buildings it is $oland’s largest open"air useu . *30ef *are a. 1i)sbert Sybille. #he second part consists of works by Ada 7oniec0ko. StanisCaw $ychalik and StanisCaw (atruch. *30ef $ankiewic0.sanok.@@ fil ing without lights fro O. &sually.pl useu _ useu . ? peopleB $'K ?@. including the largest collection of $okuttya pottery and finds of the Moravian and 6uthenian origin fro the O th"EPth centuries fro the e.rance.cavation sites in #repc0a. #he useu has nu erous archaeological relics. including winged cavalry ar ours. 6o an #rakowski. about D@@ works are on display. photographs.ro J a to Q p fro ES *une to EQ Septe ber :n the re aining part of the year #uesdays and Wednesdays fro J a to Q p #icket prices. Mondays all year round fro O a to E@ a . 9olinianie. sabres and pistols. WacCaw Iawad0ki. $'K E@. is the venue of te porary e.peri ents with co puter graphics.@@ Kote. the . :n addition to dwelling and far buildings. $'K E@. useu . fro the first sketches. through the best"known fantasy period fro the EJF@s and EJO@s. :t is e/ually interesting and included in the ticket price. #he collection of conte porary art consists of three parts. #he first presents $olish artists who created abroad. Ia kowa D #el. fro EQ +ctober to EQ May visiting the castle is possible after prior arrange ents by telephone or at the ticket office.

wind ills.hibition salon houses a per anent e.ro May to Septe ber fro O a to S p .pl e" ail. #he Museu has a local branch % a wooden Eastern church in the village of &luc0 D@ k away fro Sanok. the oldest of which date fro the EQth century. skansen_bies0c0adyonline. blsanok.pl #egular events )olk )air #he event organised every May always has a typical folk at osphere Afolk usic. etc.skansen. the +rthodo. de onstrations of crafts.@@ to D p April fro J a to ? p #icket prices $'K J adults./urofolk Across the 0order1 youth folk song and usic festival #he event held in August has a trans"regional AinternationalB character and features folk bands of a very high level. +pening hours. #he Museu is situated along the G+il #railH and the history of oil industry in $odkarpacie ay be traced in the section on the eastern edge of the $ark. #he period interiors of the area of P@ D create a uni/ue at osphere. ?SP @J @?. fa. telephone @EPM ?SP ES FD Address. #he Museu is in the possession of nearly P@. +n the area of DQ@ D over D@@ icons are displayed. #he recently opened e. . :n addition.useu contains sacral ones Aincluding the 6.B. souvenirs. an innB and industrial facilities Awater ill. public utility buildings Aa village school. visiting till O p +ctober fro O a to ? p . PO"Q@@ Sanok.hibition of icon painting G#he Carpathian :conH. #he a)ority of the buildings in the Sanok useu have fully"furnished interiors which ay be e. ul. albu s. Kove ber"March fro O. s ithies. ?SP @J PQ www. perfor ances of folk bands fro the Carpathian Euroregion countries. church fro 1rZ0iowa EFPE and fro 6osolin EFQ@. tasting of folk ealsB.hibitions are held. serving regional eals.C. in su er in a horse"drawn cab.plored.t to the stand with folders and guidebooks also serves as a gallery shop selling handicrafts.estival’s . sale of handicrafts. $'K S adolescents and children $'K P@ a guide for a group of D@ Applications and reservation of a guide.@@@ useu pieces associated with folk culture and the culture of inhabitants of $odkarpacie towns. An integral ele ent of the event is the perfor ance of G#he . . church fro (Zc0al 9olny ESSF. :n winter the $ark ay be visited on a sledge. architecture in $oland. A tour of the Museu should end in the inn housed in the historical EOth century granary AEFPDB. #he church with the re ains of the EF th century polychro e is one of the oldest AESQJB and finest e.a ples of +rthodo. char ing wayside shrines. based ainly on the Museu ’s own collections. @EP. #he ticket office ne. te porary e. acade ic publications and tourist books A$olish and foreign"language giodebooks. #raugutta P #el. ?SP @J P?. ap.

co unes. +sCawica and WisCok and its tributaries. #hese are areas of natural beauty Aunspoilt original ecosyste B. #he district borders with Slovakia in the south. and is separated fro Slovakia by the (ies0c0ad0ki and 'eski districts. :t is a place of uni/ue air and always a bitious repertoire of live usic. 7o aLc0a. #he Sanok Accordion and 1uitar Encounters have been held for a do0en or so years in April. Agreesiva SJ. :t occupies the area of E.DDQ k D. (esko. all of the playing alternative usic in the broadest sense of the word. ul. #yrawa WoCoska. 1en"9os. '$era -usic )estival #he Sanok Co unity Centre.pl The Sanok District #he Sanok district lies in the south"eastern end of $oland.oothills. #hey are incorporated in O ad inistrative units.StarH. Sanok and Iag3r0. boasting the largest concert hall in Sanok. 'ud0ie. `?O SJE QDP F?P e" ail. $ink . and si.+'7 AC6+SS #5E (+69E6SH is hosted by recognised radio and #R presenters engaged in pro oting folk usic. 6obotobibok. Alternative and 3a44 -usic )estivals and concerts Sanok’s G7'&( $AK: 7H is a ong the ost interesting ones in the region. $ogodno and Cool 7ids of 9eath perfor ed here. #he district co prises E@Q villages and two towns. the festival held in +ctober also features #he All"$olish Co posing Contest and #he 5u anistic"Artistic Ca p.pl. #he event is highly estee ed and is held under the patronage of the Ministry of Culture. Iars0yn. tel. #he ost outstanding instru entalists and teachers fro all over the country and abroad co e to Sanok for the duration of the festival. Such big na es in usic business as Acoustic *a00 Uuartet.reud.ES#:RA'. [cianka. Sanok. #he entire GE&6+. #he event is held in Autu n and is directed to all )a00 fans Anot only traditional )a00B. including one unicipality % Sanok. The Sanok "o une . Sanok % co une. Q Syfon and +dra S eykal. #he other cycle is G$ani7a in *a00H featuring such perfor ers as 6obotobibok. www. the eastern part of the 'ower (eskid Mountains and the range of the SConne Mountains and the $r0e y8l . one co une" unicipality % Iag3r0. (ukowsko. :: $uCku $odhalaLc3w. #wo ain concert cycles held every year are GSpring at $ani 7 with usic not for everyoneH attended by such bands as. in the hilly area intersected by the valleys of the San. ichaelos0ul_oD. Apart the ost outstanding perfor ers and finest repertoire.klubpanik. hosts the A9AM 9:9&6 R+CA' M&S:C . Chiba 5riby and (aaba. The Sanok 2uitar /ncouters The Sanok Accordion /ncounters #he State Music School contributes to the town’s usic and cultural life and hosts two international festivals held alternately. which covers the western part of the (ies0c0ady Mountains.

g. like the whole country. Matias0.PSD. KowotaniecB. the Sanok Co une consists of PD villages. #he latter half of the EJth century saw a rapid growth of oil industry. Sanoc0ek. #ranawski and C0es0yk fa ilies. as well as agricultural production and technological progress. 5Co c0a. Sanoc0ek. #he following rivers flow through the co une. Str3<e Wielkie and MaCe. it was only the EJP@s bring a substantial econo ic boo of the region. 6o an and Celtic coins indicate subse/uent trade contacts with the 6o an E pire and Celtic tribes. C0erte<. $Cowce. 5owever. +ther finds date fro the Keolith Age and the Early (ron0e Age. ES. :n EO?O serfdo was abolished.irst World War. )oinery and asonry. #he oldest written ention about the Sanok district dates fro the EDth century 6uthenian chronicle G'atopis 5ipackiH. who began colonisation of these areas. $i)awka and #yrawka. +il deposits were discovered in #yrawa Solna and elsewhere. Another incentive for econo ic growth was provided by the $r0e y8l % 2upk3w and Iag3r0 % Sanok % *asCo railway line. including #repc0a. Kowotaniec. +ther significant fa ilies were at that ti e. :t was then that the areas reigned by 6uthenian dukes were captured by 5ungarian 7ing 1e)0a ::. MiYd0ybr3d4.EOQ ha and has a population of appro. in . pro oting protestant ideas. such as. :n the E?th century 5alych 6uthenia along with the Sanok district were anne. #he close of the EO th century saw a significant econo ic recovery. #hose settle ents were owned by noble and knights’ fa ilies. #he econo ic growth was halted with the outbreak of the .The "o une’s characteristic Situated in the scenic and varied area. Kew technologies were introduced. #he whole EFth century was characterised by wars and invasions. #he invader re oved the for er ad inistrative division and ade the areas of the co une to the 'esko district. craft developed. +le8nicki. :n total the co une’s area is DP. $easants began to rebel against serfdo . :n EFFD. #hey are located along a stretch fro the 'ower (eskid Mountains and the *asielsko"Sanockie 'owering as far as the SConne Mountains and the 9yn3w . $rusiek. the illiteracy rate decreased. At the end of the EJ th century the co"operative ove ent began to e erge.ed to $oland by Casi ir the 1reat. :n Autu n EJEO new opportunities opened for the Sanok district. cooperage. oil shops and saw ills powered by water were built in villages. stone hoes fro (ykowce and a hatchet fro $rusiek. A Historical 'utline As a result of the archaeological research conducted in this area. #he situation of rural population i proved. rural universities were established. San. built in EOFD and inaugurated in EOO?. e. #he Sanok district fell under Austrian rule. Substantial land was the property of the 7 ita fa ily rulidng fro SobieL Castle. Co unal saving and loan associations were established to help villagers. in particular. #he ESth century was arked by intensified conflicts caused by the worsened living conditions in villages. #he Sanok Co une has an agricultural character and is densely wooded. the hypothesis was put forward that the region was inhabited as early as the Stone Age. #his is evidenced by nu erous finds. :n the E?th and EQth centuries a nu ber of new settle ents were set up. as well as ills and breweries AMarkowce..oothills. which additionally worsened the econo ic situation. #yrawa Solna. +n the other hand. the first partition of $oland rook place. (rickyards were set up AMr0ygC3d. 7ostarowce. Arian and Calvinistic AKowotaniecB congregations were established. weaving shops. #he econo ic situation of villages i proved. #he #artar invasion of ESD? was particularly severe as it wreaked havoc in the Sanok district and any towns and villages were burnt down and their inhabitants were taken into #urkish captivity. 9espite the national bondage. After any years of bondage. it regained independence. *urowce and Sanoc0ekB.

#he red trail Sanok 6ailway Station % (iaCa 13ra % +rli 7a ieL % 'is0na % Mount SConny Wierch % Mount SConna % $ass in the SConne Mountains % Mount $r0ysCup % 6akowa #he yellow trail % Sanok % +lchowce % Mount +rli 7a ieL #he blue trail % Sanok % Str3<e % 'as *anikowe % $ora< % Mount C0eka)ka % Moroch3w % (r0o0owiec % $ogary % SuliCa % Chrys0c0ata   Sites of interest -r4ygl5d  #he parish church erected in the E /uarter of the EQ th century. :n EJPJ the Second World War broke out. #he tourist can ake use of ca psites and good conditions for bathing in the river and hikes. through which a white" red"and" white tourist trail runs. an annual e. EJP?. *uly 5arvest . #he blacks ith’s shop at the arket s/uare. EOOE. #he occupation took a heavy tool. (eside the church is a bell tower erected in EOPS. E@ thousand $oles and O thousand *ews were killed.   .hibition in the conference hall of the Co une’s +ffice. worked on the church. According to a local legend #eutonic knights.air. #he high altar contains the picture of Christ bearing the date ESS@.estival Wreath Contest % August Meeting with the 6eligious Song % the last Sunday in August 9isplays of 5andicrafts % +ctober        Touris A nu ber of cultural. and 6itual (read % April.olk . #he wooden baptis al font dates fro the first half of the EOth century. house no. 7er es0 Easter Co petition % Easter Eggs.9obra S0lachecka. #error and cruel e. recreational and sports eventa are organised in the co une. #he arket s/uare has a historic architectural layout. arguably in E?D?. :t left behind devastated industrial works and huge aterial da age. EOSQ % gradually lost its 1othic features.airs % *une. survivors of the (attle of 1runwald.ploitation of the occupied territory took place. ED was built at the close of the EJth century has a fra ework structure and is connected to an outbuilding. 6eview of Children’s Songs % May . 6epeatedly renovated and altered in the years ESD?. the one"storey houses along the frontage were built after a fire in EOJP.   At the foot of the SConne Mountains is the village of Wu)skie. destroyed in ESD? by #artars. "ultural /vents Carpathian . Easter $al s.

#he anor.tended at the close of the EJth century. Erected about EJ@@ it has a fra ework structure and is connected to an outbuilding. church burnt down. subsidiary church. #he e orial to 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo. pottery.C. one of the was built in EOPJ to co e orate the Kove ber &prising. was altered in EJD?. *ohn Kepo ucen. Masonry. perhaps EO th century. in the style of spa architecture. another. seals. #his is a Keo"1othic asonry church. a branch of the parish in Strachocina. after EJ?S altered to an 6. church fro the ED th century. #he keys are available fro the se. #he construction work was ulti ately ended in EJDF . situated in a nearby ha let. 'ate"(aro/ue one fro EF@@. decorations. Rillage shrines. :t was reconstructed in EJS@. Church.ton in a wooden.C. renovated in EJPJ.    Ku erous wayside shrines and crosses fro 5orodys0c0e and 5orodna stronghold. anor. :n EO@E the +rthodo. the church’s conte porary. etc. (uilt in the years EJ@O"EJE? by Sanok architect Wilhel S0o ko. the re ainder of the stronghold fro the O th and EPth centuries with an underpinning of an +rthodo. the EJth and D@th centuries. destroyed by 1er ans in EJ?D. A s all EJth century anor house and re ainders of a park layout. After EJ?S. :nside there is an iconostasis. shows the figure of St. :t was then e. #he original wooden church was entioned in EQQD and EFQP. referred to in 6uthenian chronicles. Tre$c4a  A for er 1reek"Catholic of 5oly Rirgin’s Slu ber. :t stands on the foundations of an older. #he present one was built in EOFD. #his is a wooden.  )ale+5wka  #he parish church of the 5oly Cross Elevation. :t was used until EJQ@. plastered shrines. Many archaeological discoveries have been ade here Aweapons. it was used as an 6. dating fro the EJth century. . built at the end of the EJth century. 0ykowce  #he palace erected in the early D@th century. oriented church of a fra ework structure. Si eon the Stylite. A etal Gserfdo H cross fro EO?O. probably for the #arnowiecki fa ily. #he present one was built in EO@F.   #he water ill.   6ostarowce #he parish 1reek"Catholic Church of St. #he first church in 7ostarowce was entioned in E??@. erected in EJD@ in the arket s/uare. green house near the church.B #he stronghold in /uestion was perhaps the original Sanok.

Since EJ?S a 6o an" Catholic church. +lga and St. :nside.  Kow. #he building is covered with a gable roof. :nside. After EJ?S the church was used for 6o an"Catholic rites. #he church is oriented. now used as an 6. #he furnishings co e fro the previous older church. #he first ention about the parish in 9obra dates fro E?PP. :ie9ies4c4any  #here are vestiges of earthwork. #he church contains a (aro/ue high altar fro the EFth century. An interesting feature is a stone 'ate"1othic baptis al front fro the EQth century. has a fra ework structure.   . erected in EOOF. Church. Strachocina #he Keo"1othic $arish Church of St. ade of wood and built in EOSD on the site of an older one. EJth and D@th century roadside shrines. built in EJDQ. A new church was built as late as EFQS on the site of the burnt one. #he present church was built in EOFJ. "4erte8 #he 1reek"Catholic $arish Church of the #ransfiguration was built in EF?D and renovated in EOPS. #he tripartite church is wooden and has a fra ework structure. :n front of the church is a wooden shingle"roofed belfry. there are two annerist side altars and polychro es depicting St. A s all stone anor fro EJD@.ryderyk Myssnar fro *aN ier0. and a ES th century anor which burnt in the EOth century. was burnt. Another wooden church built on the sa e site was burnt in ESD? by #artars. #he re ainder of that church is a 1othic baptis al font. the owners of a te. #he side altars date fro the early EO th century. :t is believed that together with the church and the presbytery the then parish priest. dating fro EOJJ"EJ@?. is in the centre. Catharine fro the turn of EJ@P.C. Sanoc4ek  #he for er 1reek"Catholic Church of Rirgin Mary’s (irth. designed by Wilhel Scho ko.7od4ina #he 1reek"Catholic Church of the Rirgin Mary’s Kativity fro EF?P. and on the outside is bipartite. originally 1reek"Catholic. Kicholas. the property of the 6ape fa ily. #he church is oriented. Do9ra #he +rthodo. #he iconostasis probably dates fro EOFQ with icons of rustic character. $arish Church of St. #he iconostasis. +nly a anor base ent fro the years EFQ@"EODQ has survived. Situated at the edge of the village. Ada Ma)stroga. tripartite and has a fra ework structure. #he fra ework structure is oriented. Rladi ir. a branch of Mr0ygC3d parish.tile factory in 23d4. A EQth century 1othic crucifi. #he nave is topped with an onion"shaped eight"partite do e. on the site of a for er church founded in EPJ@ by $akos0 fro $akos03wka and . was painted by (ogdaLski brothers. the village’s land ark is a stone Keo"1othic $arish Church of St. the ceiling is flat and there is a figural polychro e ade in the years EOJJ"EJ@? by Antoni and MichaC (ogdaLski with the participation of MikoCa) 9e kowic0. Kicholas. has a shingle roof and a stone underpinning.

$articularly interesting is the beautiful iconostasis ade by *30ef (ogdaLski. My oL and $orYby. the WisCok for s one of $oland’s ost beautiful river gorges. (esko. (esko is a s all co une. dating fro the EF th century. recently renovated. IaCu< was a place where resistance points were situated.tended throughout the EJ th century. consisting of EF co bat bunkers. #he gable roofs are covered with etal plates. which was for ed in a recent Ain geological ter sB past. ade up of a asonry palace fro the close of the EJ th century. :t consists of three villages. have been preserved in a satisfactory condition. % $ortant cultural and s$ort events in the "o     harvest festivals fairs brass band shows fire en co petitions une . built where once an inn stood. #his river. beautifully situated in the valleys and hills by the WisCok.C. A park and palace co ple. there is a sepulchral chapel fro the EJth century. towards the 6iver San. however. so e. Most of the bunkers were blown up. #wo stone chapels fro the EJth century. rolls its waters along the stretch of E@@ k before it flows into the San. 9ue to its strategic location at the )unction of the ain routes and being the first railway station on the Soviet side. in the $leistocene. Since EJ?F used as an 6. Kow it s a private property. #he original wooden church was first entioned in ESFJ. . flowing out of the eastern slopes of Mount 7anasi3wka in the border range of the 'ower (eskid Mountains.  . one will find a well"developed village. (ear the anor.Q k and the population of ?. by the rapid 6iver WisCok. there is a fine figural and orna ental polychro e fro EJDF. behind *aroslaw.Tyrawa Solna  #he for er 1reek Catholic Church of *ohn the (aptist. a part of the GMolotov 'ineH. now a co plete ruin. church. on the foundations of an older building. #he present one was built in EOPF and was gradually e. one of the s allest in $oland with the area of )ust DF. une The 0esko "o Location and natural conditions #o locate (esko on a ap one should look at the south"eastern part of $oland^ al ost halfway between 7rosno and Sanok. #he ost characteristic terrain feature is naturally the WisCok. South of (esko. #his is an oriented bipartite stone church. :nside. Since EJSJ one of the has been a e orial and a grave of the crew that were killed there. Around is a EJth century park layout.?@@.or any years there have been plans to cover so e parts of the gorge by reserve protection.a(u8    A church fro the EJP@s. (unkers of the GMolotov 'ineH. #he building was used as a leisure centre till the EJS@s. at the intersection of a road and a railway track.

:t was established according to the 6uthenian law and was ainly inhabited by +rthodo. 9uring the Second World War. when the co"operative ove ent and people’s associations contributed to an i proved situation. #he village began to develop fro the ESth century.  M&I=7AK#= % . the Swedish in ESQQ. 5owever. sports co petitions in various disciplines History of 0esko (esko is an old royal village. A 6o an"Catholic structure did not only facilitate the $olonisation of these areas. (esko was liberated on ES Septe ber EJ?? by the SFth Corps of the Est &krainian . during the . when 7ing Casi ir the 1reat granted brothers $iotr and $aweC fro .S@F ha.olklore % All"$olish . #he Co une of (ukowsko has a typical agricultural character. F. the develop ent was also seen in a anor far in (esko .irst World War. $easants’ position was also difficult due to disastrous droughts or floods and particularly harsh winters. at leat fro the E?th century. until the id"EJth century. the fate of peasants beca e worse and worse with each passing century. :n May EJEQ.rontiers. #he co une co prises ED s aller ad inistrative units and D villages. 7ing Sigis und ::: Rasa established a 'atin"rite parish in (esko. and the overall area of the far s a ounts to S.F@@ inhabitants. but also ensured an ad inistrative control. as well as deadly epide ics. #he co une’s area is EPO k D.  #he Christ as Meeting of . and is inhabited by Q.estival. 6uthenians. south" west of Sanok. #he earliest ention about the settle ent dates fro DQ *une EPSE.@S? private for s of the average si0e of appro.  #he Shooting Co petition of 6eserve Soldiers. The 0ukowsko co The co une< une’s characteristic #he Co une of (ukowsko lies in the eastern part of the 'ower (eskid Mountains.D ha.P@? people. At the beginning of the EQ th century $oles arrived in (esko.isted earlier. in the $odkarpackie $rovince.olk (ands. : portant cultural and sports events in the co une  #he (ukowsko $resentation of =outh . A settle ent had e. :n the EOth century the village consisted of E.ront Ar y. An outline of 0ukowsko’s history (ukowsko was once part of the crown land.  (ukowsko 6egional #ourna ent of 9efence Skill. and the #ransylvanians in ESQF. #hat process was not halted by plundering raids. the #artar raid took place in ESD?. around which a large nu ber of $olish"origin households servants grouped. the Austrian"5ungarian"1er an troops finally broke through the 6ussian defences ad forced the to withdraw as far as behind Rolhynia. fro EFFD part of the Sanok district of 6uthenian Roivodeship^ there is a ention in docu ent that it was here in (esko in E?EJ that 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo stopped on his way andissued one of the docu ents. #o fulfil the spiritual needs of the $olish population.olklore Without .. with PF people per each s/uare kilo etre. #here are E. though.

#he losses were huge. a notary’s office. not for a long ti e.5ungary the crown land fro Iboiska. the whole village. :n the EJth century the town e. #he *ewish population ust have been considerable as they had their synagogue in the upper part of the arket s/uare. ainly broadleaved ones. #he band was set up in D@@E and despite its short life. +n ES Septe ber EJ?? (ukowsko was liberated. #here were also a agistrate’s court with three )udges. the village has a chance of beco ing a a)or tourist and spa centre. whilst Wolica was the property of the parish priest of (ukowsko. 7o aLc0a. +ver F@a of its area are covered with forests. (y the end of the century it reached the peak of its develop ent and had the largest population apart fro Sanok and 6y an3w. 5owever. The 6o a=c4a "o une #he 7o aLc0a Co une lies in the border of the 'ower (eskid Mountains and the (ies0c0ady Mountains and borders with Slovakia in the south. 6ados0yce. (ukowsko flourished econo ically and the local craft developed. #hanks to 7o aLc0a’s high natural assets and the presence of ineral waters. #he founders of the church and advocates of establishing a parish in (ukowsko also founded a presbytery and provided the parish priest with the necessary funds. the rich world of fauna and flora. churches ay be seen in the villages. So e of this area is part of two landscape parks. #he G(ukowianieH band was established already in EJSJ as part of the G(ukowianieH Song and 9ance (and. giving perfor ances at ho e and abroad ASlovakia. :t is one of $oland’s largest co unes and occupies the area of ?QQ k D. :n EJEO after $oland had regained independence.ro the very beginnings. :n EJJS the band recorded a cassette and a C9 albu . S olnik. #here are . a revenue branch. #his is also favoured by way arked tourist trails. despite these vast destruction and an al ost century"long lethargy. (y EF?O (ukowsko had a parish and a town charter and beca e a town as evidenced by town and land records. A very tragic event for (ukowsko was the #artar raid of ESD?. (ukowsko beca e a co une with the seat of the co une’s office. :t should be noted that in nearby 6ados0yce a border crossing to Slovakia was opened in EJJF. a police station. As the result of the destruction sustained during war and in the post"war period (ukowsko beca e a village again. it has had significant achieve ents. :t is evident fro the written sources that the village was well run. 9uring the night of ? April EJ?S (ukowsko was attacked by &krainian :nsurgents. "ulture in the "o une #here are two folk bands GMali (ukowianieH and G(ukowianieH in (ukowsko. though. 60eped4. cultivating folk usic traditions. scenic countryside. a drugstore and three physicians. #he +rthodo. and was a big centre of craft and business.perienced a boo . a post office. GMali (ukowianieH is a children’s band. the beginning of the EO th century saw positive changes. :t had a ill and inn. . (ukowsko as far as WisCok and 6ados0yce. a anor. *ews were a prevalent force in the town’s activities. churches and shrines are an ele ent of the cultural landscape of the 7o aLc0a Co une. . Ci8niaLsko" WetliLski $ark and *a8liski $ark. S0c0awne. #ur0aLsk. and the church were burnt down and the people were taken into horrible #artar captivity. #he docu ent states that (ukowsko had a church and a parish. Since EJOS the band has been autono ous.ranceB. who destroyed it co pletely and urdered its inhabitants. :n EFE the Church of the 5oly Cross was reconstructed by (ukowsko proprietor Count *30ef +soliLski. #he parish co prised PQ neighbouring villages. WisCok Wielki. Sites of interest EJth century post"'e ko +rthodo.

#he event has been held for eight years and is organised by the Co une’s +ffice in 7o aLc0a and the twin town of Med0ilaborce. and wood"processing develops well. including G#he #rail of :cons down the +sCawa RalleyH. #he co une offers ore and ore acco odation opportunities. #yrawa WoCoska. whose ain ob)ective is supporting the co prehensive and . boarding houses. An additional tourist attraction is the (ies0c0ady . #here are holiday centres. whilst in winter there are plenty of sleigh riding and skiing opportunities. three border crossings to Slovakia. :t is inhabited by D. Ma)or cultural events. and G#he #rans"(order Cycling 6outeH which connects $oland and Slovakia at the border crossing in 6ados0yce. Also. the panora a of 7o aLc0a fro a viewing deck. G#he Wooden Architecture #railH. 6akowa. 6o0pucie and Sie us0owa. :n su er one can go horse"riding or take a ride in a stagecoach. Touris #he natural and historical route of 7o aLc0a #he F k route starts at the 1reek"Catholic church. the car crossing in 6ados0yce. of which Q@a are forests.oothills of the SConne MountainsH has been active in the co une. #his is a Slovak"$olish event organised )ointly by the 1reek"Catholic in 7o aLc0a and the Co une’s +ffice in 7o aLc0a. *une Concerts of Santa Claus +rchestra fro 'ublin *uly 7o aLc0a"Med0ilaborce (orderland Meetings. the +rthodo. believers in the EJS@s Ait burnt on EP Septe ber D@@SB. church. Since D@@P the Social and Cultural Association GAt the . churches in 7o aLc0a. the railway crossing in 2upk3w. ne. #he route ends at a 6o an"Catholic church in the centre of 7o aLc0a. A nu ber of tourist trails run across the co une. une     The Tyrawa Wo(oska "o "o une’s characteristic #yrawa WoCoska is one of the s allest co unes of the $odkarpackie $rovince.orest Karrow"1auge 6ailway which runs in the su er period fro Ma)dan to Wola Michowa.@?F people living in Q villages. #here are no industries in the co une.two +rthodo. #he co une’s area is SJ k D. 5oCuc0k3w. sites with natural curiosities. and the pedestrian crossing in (alnica ake the co une attractive for tourists. the St.t one can see. the other one is a conte porary 1reek"Catholic church.  G6ados0yckie br3deCkoH. Ka0areth convent. a EJth century church which was handed over to +rthodo. a site where an airplane crashed during the Second World War. shelters and over Q@ guest far s with an attractive and varied tourist offer.

:n the id"EF th century the +ssoliLski fa ily beca e the owners of #yrawa.. along the scenic 6iver +sCawa Ralley. #he sculptures on the left side of the garden are allegories. the artist e. Sites of interest The >uo &adis Scul$ture 2allery (eside (ogusCaw :wanowski’s house there are a do0en or so several" etre"high sculptures. who lived here until EJ?@. *une anniversary celebrations of the opening of Uuo Radis 1allery. #he land was sold to peasants.varied social.estival. At the turn of the EJ th and D@th centuries #yrawa beco e *ewish property. (y the end of the EJ th century only one annual fair was held in #yrawa. $oles and *ews. eaning #yrawa Minor. So e of the are huge and grow high above )unipers. #here is also a head with a nest of chicks inside and a snake creeping towards the nest. :n EJ?Q &krainian :nsurgent bands attacked the village and burnt the anor. on ES *uly. A historical outline une as well as building the According to confir ed sources the village e. as if in a silent reverie. #yrawa was affected by the Action Ristula. of the height of an adult person. #he new town was supposed to be a stage point on a trade route fro $r0e y8l to Sanok and 'esko and further on to Carpathian passes. bent under the burden of isfortunes. *uly Mountain Car 6allies une The . a )ustice fro Sanok. #here are also sculptured. #hose who are curious should enter to the agic garden in the co pany of (ogusCaw :wanowski. as well as works with environ ental the es. #yrawa was inhabited by 6uthenians. +thers. in the Sanok district. the an who created the garden. on the border of the 'ower (eskid Mountains and the Western (ies0c0ady. #he co une’s area is ES@ k D and is currently inhabited by . #he founder and owner of #yrawa WoCoska was MikoCa) C0as0yk. -a+or cultural and s$orts events in the co    une Multicultural G1A':C*AH . #he anor and a part of the land were taken over by the (r0e0iLski fa ily.isted as early as E?@D and was called #yravia inori. hu an for s with a onster above the . are hidden in the shade of spruce and larch tress. which (ogusCaw :wanowski calls Gconte poraryH. All of the are hu bly hunched under apple trees. envy and hatred. #he crooked tree trunk signifies worry. #his eans that evil attacks hu an heads. :n the latter half of the EF th century #yrawa WoCoska lost its unicipal rights. which resulted in the displace ent of appro. #he first ention about #yrawa WaCoska as a town dates fro EF@F. cultural and econo ic develop ent of the co civic co unity. #hey stand still. who controlled the arket s/uare.ag5r4 "o "o une’s characteristic #he Iag3r0 Co une is situated in the south"east of the $odkarpackie $rovince. and in E??P as #irawa Walaska. :n E?PS it was known as #yrawa Walachiense . FO@ people of &krainian origin to the 6egained #erritory incorporated into $oland after the Second World War.plains.

IahutyL and the town of Iag3r0 in the north. At that ti e Iag3r0 was owned by *an fro #arnawa.ED. #arnawa 9olna. :n EJEO Iag3r0 inhabitants took an active part in $oland’s regaining independence. :n EJOE. a onastery co ple. +il deposits were discovered in Wielopole. 6uthenians A&krainiansB and *ews. ore seldo a lyn. Iag3r0 is at the )unction of roads and railway lines leading to the border crossings to &kraine and Slovakia. which is now part of Iag3r0. 9uring the . wildcat. Sus0k3w. established a railway carriage factory. hares. Moroch3w. #here is a wealth of flora and fauna. #arnawa 13rna. Along with the develop ent of the railway. #he origins of the onastery date fro the year EF@@. 7a0i ier0 'ipiLski of Sanok. #his area co prises the following villages. &lti ately. A historical outline #he first historical ention about Iag3r0 dates fro E?ED. particularly in the southern part of the co une. Kearly Q@ a of the co une consists of woodlands. We can only guess that the setlle ent Iag3r0 was established according to 1er an law. +lchowa. At that ti e. Sites of interest #uins of the Discalced "ar elites’ -onastery in . #hey are ho e to any species of birds and ani als. 6ailway was not the only place of e ploy ent of the conte porary Iag3r0 population. 5ungarian"1alician :ron 6ailway in EOFD. as well as sacral and folk historic architecture. and any of the town’s inhabitants were in conspiracy. +ne can see roe deer. and the 1alician #ransversal 6ailway in EOO?. etc. #he inter"war period saw a high social activity of Iag3r0 population.irst World War. and its founder was *an . the owner of boiler and engineering factory. the +sCawa and the San. +sCawa. such as Wielopole. #wo railway stations were built along with the infrastructure^ there was an increase in the nu ber of people earning their living fro working on the railway. one can observe a continuous. Anglers will find any fish species in these rivers.J@@ people. C0as0yn. an industrial and business service and an i portant transportation hub. #he scenic beauty of the co une ay be ad ired fro nu erous hills. Iag3r0 was ainly inhabited by $oles. was created consisting of a . $ora<.. situated in the southern part. After WW::. 7alnica. 5owever. Iag3r0 owes its develop ent to the construction of railway lines. chubs. graylings. :n the EJth century search for crude oil began. Another i pulse for the develop ent of Iag3r0 was the establish ent of the 9iscalced Car elites’ Monastery in the early EO th century. the construction work associated with the church and the onastery continued till EFP@. the Ka0is set up a labour ca p for *ews on the grounds of the cellulose factory. Mokre. :t bordered with other settle ents of that kind. Construction work proceeded very fast. stags. [rednie Wielkie. Iag3r0 beca e a strong point or resistance. 2ukowe. the seat of the co une’s authorities. first factories were built in Iag3r0. near a church in the /uarter of +ld Iag3r0. #he Second War World was a difficult period for Iag3r0. #wo ain rivers of the (ies0c0ady Mountains flow across the co une.rancis0ek Stadnicki. barbells. :t re ained a site of slaughter till EJ?P. surrounded on three sides by the 6iver +sCawa. At that ti e. develop ent of Iag3r0. those organisations conducted their activities despite the fact that any of their e bers )oined the $olish 'egions. 9olina. IasCaw. yet slow. where oil ine were set up. #he growth of its significance in the following centuries is evidenced by Eastern"rite churches and the establish ent of a 6o ancCatholic parish in EFQ@.ag5r4 #he onastery was built on top of a hill called Mary ont. Car elites entered the new onastery early as EFE?^ however. or wolf. such as trout.

#hey were surrounded by a defensive wall with a nu ber of towers. The /astern "hurch of St< -ichael in . . :t was built on the 1reek cross plan and is topped with a do e in the central part. #he iconostasis should be pointed out. as well as the :nsurgents’ cross. in his gratitude. #he single"nave. #he ost i portant historical relics include the 6ococo painting of the Annunciation. richly orna ented and topped with a canopy. the origins of the Iag3r0 church date fro the year ESJF.church. it was a 1reek"Catholic church. single"nave. #he altar contains the iraculous painting of the Annunciation. a onastery building and outbuildings.ter ination of *ews. The 'ld "e etery in . a labour ca p for *ews fro Sanok district and Slovakia was established on the . :n Autu n EJ?@. the 1reek"Catholic church was built in EOSQ.ag5r4 #he first historical infor ation about the Estern church in Iag3r0 date fro EFSE. #he walls contain paintings fro the 9iscalced Car elites’ Monastery in Iag3r0. the ce etery consists of sepulchral chapels of the #ruskolaski and 1ubrynowic0 fa ilies and historic gravestones fro the D@ th century. which is still in the church’s high altar.ag5r4 According to a local legend. and then . during his stopover while he was asleep.rancis0ek #ruskolaski.pedition he left a painting of the Annunciation. 5oly Rirgin appeared in his drea and assured the onarch of the success. #he side altars fro the early D@ th century are odelled on the high altar. separating the central nave fro the sanctuary. #he present church building dates fro EOPS. #he king. :t was founded by Era0 2obac0ewski. and whilst he was returning fro his e. ordered a chapel to be built on that site. The /astern "hurch of the Purification of the 0lessed &irgin in -oroch5w (uilt in EOPF.as(aw 9uring the Second World War. Since the year D@@@ there have been regular work to prevent this uni/ue relic of $odkarpacie fro further destruction. &ntil EJSE.acing the onastery. which co e orates a)or historic events. $r0 y8l (ishop WacCaw Sierakowski established an autono ous parish in Iag3r0. IasCaw was the site of e. the church is a fine wooden. the owner of Iag3r0 in the EJth century. fra ework construction.pedition against 6uthenia in EP?P. when 7ing Casi ir the 1reat went on his e. tripartite church has a tower on the western side. #he church is situated on the GWooden Architecture #railH. The /astern "hurch in Wielo$ole . painted on a li e board. (ehind the wall there was a hospital for war veterans of noble birth. :n EFQ@. where there is the altar and where only clergy en were allowed.ag5r4 Situated D@@ abover the church. #he chancel is narrower than the central nave. According to historical sources. The "hurch of the Assu $tion in 'ld . +n the left there is a pulpit fro the early EO th century.

everyday ite s i ported fro Southern Europe. is its right tributary.estival. . and transferred the prisoners to the e. Most of the villages of the co une are located by the $ielnica or by the strea s.C. pins and beadsB. :n EJ?P the 1er ans wound up the ca p. (a<an3wka. #he (ron0e Age is represented by the bron0e treasure Anecklaces. (etween EJ?@ and EJ?P there were about EQ thousand prisoners in the ca p. Kowosielce.B. #hey testify to the e.estival of &krainian Culture on the 6iver +sCawa. Iars0yn. #he Iars0yn Co une is situated by the ain road and railway route 7rosno"Sanok leading to the (ies0c0ady Mountains. #he following villages ake up the co une. "ulture Ma)or cultural and sports events in the Co           une Iag3r0 Christian Culture 9ays " May GSukcesikH % Children’s Song . $ielnia. 9Cugie. Septe ber Mayor’s Cup Co petition in Ski"*u ping. Iag3r0 % *une Cross"country 6unning Co petition. August #he . Iag3r0 %August G6ykowisko 1alicy)skieH 5unting . there is a co e orative pla/ue infor ing about the ca p and a e orial to the urdered. Iag3r0 % August. which flows along its western edge. #hese include stone tools discovered in +dr0echowa and $ielnia. Sites of interest .istence of a trade route through the Sanok 9istrict. ar lets. Mokre % August 5istorical Rehicles 6ally. 'arge woodland areas. Kowadays. Colonisation processes intensified in the EPth century.estival. the $ielnica’s tributaries. no environ entally unfriendly plants ake these areas an attractive tourist destination. $osada Iars0yLska. whilst the :ron Age is evidenced by nu erous coins. *aN ier0.grounds of the desolate cellulose factory. Iag3r0 % *uly. low industrialisation. $osada *aN ierska. C0as0yn % *uly Iag3r0 . +dr0echowa. varied countryside. whilst the $ielnica 6iver flowing across the co une. Iag3r0 Iakucie % *anuary.ebruary une The .olk (ands Meeting.ter ination ca p in (eC<ec. History #he oldest traces of the hu an settle ents in these areas date fro the Early Stone Age AQ@@@ % EF@@ (. whilst the earliest historical references about so e of the villages of the present co une date fro the E?th century. and further on to Slovakia and to &kraine. others were shot bedise the old ce etery in IasCaw.estivities.ars4yn "o #he Iars0yn Co une is situated in the basin of the WisCok 6iver. Iag3r0 % *une :nternational Sports . Iag3r0 % *une Mayor’s Cup Angling Co petition.

#he village of *aN ier0 boasts a wooden church fro the EF th century. #his resulted in an increase in the nu ber of people. #he then population of &str0yki was ade up of 6uthenians far ers and Rallach shepherds searching for a safe place to settle down. trade flourished here. #he villages of (a<an3wka and Kowosielce have historical anor buildings. #he co une has nu erous tourist attractions and acco odation base. #he co une’s area is also suitable for horseback touris . 1eographically.#he scenic setting of the co une also abounds in historical buildings. 1er ans and 5ungarians arrived here. The ?str4yki Dolne "o une #he &str0yki 9olne co une is one of the ost beautiful regions of $odkarpacie and the (ies0c0ady. Sa bor and to 5ungary. #he district has the area of E.ro the north and east the town is surrounded by the range of the SConne Mountains with any wildlife reserves and natural onu ents. #he district co prises the following co unes. :t is situated in the south" eastern part of $oland at the )unction of the three borders.ar er’s Wives’ Associations.east. #he area of the co une is largely wooded. C0arna. whilst nearby 'ake SoliLskie creates perfect conditions for water sports and angling. -a+or cultural and s$ort events  Co unal :ndoor Rolleyball #ourna ent. Septe ber  Co unal #able #ennis #ourna ent. . then called &stryk. May  6eview of Children’s (ands. :n EQ@J :wonia established the village of &str0yki. $olish. #he ountainous countryside and cli ate positively influence the develop ent of winters sports. Also $oles. #hanks to the convenient location at the fork of trade routes to 7rosno. with the ore . . :n the village of +dr0echowa there are such EJ th century listed buildings as a wooden anor and an Eastern church with a bell tower. A historical outline #he first ention of &str0yki 9olne dates fro EQ@D when 7ing *an +lbracht leased these areas to :wonia *anc0onowic0 fro #ransylvania for his erits during the (ukovina War. *une  Co unal 5arvest . it lies along the range of of the Sanocko" #urc0aLskie Mountains.@@@. #he church in Iars0yn features historical stained glass window in the chancel’s window ads well as four stained glass paintings. #he seat of the district is the town of &str0yki 9olne. a firehouse and historical houses around the arket s/uare.@O@.cellent conditions for hiking and cycling and has arked tourist trails. as well as a centre of touris and services. a town with the population of ED. &str0yki 9olne. :n $ielnia there is a asonry Eastern church fro EO@Q and a bell tower. is situated in the south"eastern part of the $odkarpacie $rovince. which is also an i portant transportation hub for those travelling to the 5igher (ies0c0ady as it is situated on the so"called s all and large G(ies0c0ady loop"waysH. Slovak and &krainian.EPO k D and the population of DP.ebruary  . 'utowiska. in particular. &str0yki 9olne and the town of &str0yki 9olne. :n EFDF &str0yki was granted a town charter by virtue of a resolution of 7ing Augustus :: the Strong. #he co une offers e.east of . Septe ber The 0ies4c4ady District #he (ies0c0ady district is a ong the largest regions of $odkarpacie. :t is the seat of the co une and the (ies0c0ady district.

a asonry Eastern church in the town’s centre in EOF?. #he town is the seat of the :nternational Ecological Centre of the $olish Acade y of Science and the 6esearch and #raining Centre of the (ies0c0ady Kational $ark.change of borderland territories. :n EJPJ the town fell under Soviet occupation. Sites of %nterest 9espite the wars. running fro 5ungary to the $r0e y8l fortress.C. a part of the huge co ple. #he aterial traces of Eastern influence are e. #he forests abound in deer and any predators. #hese are ancient forests. :n EOFD a strategic railway line was built across the town.  :nternational Cross"Country Skiing Co petition of $ilots  Children’s and =oung Song . Mac0ek with a troop of &krainian nationalists. #he latter half of the EJ th century saw the develop ent of wood indutsry. sports and tourist events pro ote a positive i age of the town and co une..and ore significant role of *ewish erchants. #he develop ent of oil industry was i portant for this area. which resulted in serious destruction.tending fro Slovakia to &kraine. bringing the people so e advantages and new possibilities. forest e. An ad inistrative district with the seat in &str0yki 9olne was for ed in the regained territories.ollowing thw war. A testi ony to the centuries"long presence of the *ewish co unity is the synagogue built in appro. between EJ?E and EJ?? it was under 1er an occupation. a for er Eastern church in StrwiZ<ek fro EOPE.olk .g. :atural -onu ents +ver EMP of the co une’s area consists of woodland. &str0yki 9olne and the environs were incorporated into the &SS6.estival.air. which akes this area attractive for hunters and wildlife fans. the 1er ans co pletely e. . and an oak in *asieL. A uni/ue building is the EO th century Marian Sanctuary in *asieL containing the iraculous painting of +ur 'ady of the (ies0c0ady.  (read . the front line crossed &str0yki twice. the EOth century wooden church in &st)anowa. any interesting historical buildings have been preserved in the town. EO@@ Anow a libraryB and a *ewish ce etery. used by the 1reek"Catholic co unity. "ulture A nu ber of regular cultural. and the wind of change arrived in the town on the 6iver StrwiZ<. #he ost i portant of the include. #he EJ th century was characterised by transfor ations throughout Europe.air. and in Kove ber EJEO the town witnessed a victorious skir ish of the ar oured train co anded by lieutenant St. the 1reek"Catholic ce etery Anow part of the unicipal ce eteryB.estival. two nature reserves have been established. Kearby.ter inated the local *ewish co unity. .estival. #he eclectic 6.  Country Music and (orderland Culture . a fine EOth century (oyko"style church in 63wnia. 9uring WW:. WC. At the close of the EJ th century an oil refinery was built here.  G(o)kowianaH . Church of +ur 'ady Uueen of $oland is also of interest. #he co une’s natural onu ents include a li e tree in (r0egi dolne.  Carpathian #ourist . and in EJQE it returned to $oland as part of the e. +ver the two years of occupation.

e broidery.orest. 9uring the EO th century abandoned villages were settled again. heated acco odation facilities ensure safe and attractive leisure.air. horse"riders and cyclists. these areas are protected under (ies0c0ady Kational $ark and two 'andscape $arks surrounding it.  visit sacral buildings. Historical 'utline 6uthenian and Rallach colonisation of the area of the present 'utowiska Co une began as th th early as the EQ century and ost of the villages were set up in the ES century. #he whole area ay be e. and a wealth of flowers in spring and su er. econo y recovered and the national and religious structure of the population e erged. historical. 9uring any season visitors ay. 1reek"Catholic . and J?a of the co une is covered with the Carpathian $ri eval . Risitors are welco e to use the arked the e paths. G7os0ykaliaH . snow"capped high ountain pastures.plored along a syste of tourist trails for hikers.  go hiking. the 5igher (ies0c0ady. history and ac/uisition of new skills. $eace and /uiet. horse"riding. skiing and walking paths around &str0yki 9olne and 'utowiska AEco"Museu of #hree CulturesB. and cross"county skiing along arked tourist trails. Carpathian (each Rolleyball #ourna ent. S all wonder that the 'utowiska Co une is called $olish Alaska and attracts those wishing to i erse into pristine nature. Mountain slopes are particularly appealing to the eye. ade up of $olish gentry. 9wernic0ek and Iatwarnica^ ho swi ing in the indoor swi ing pool in &str0yki 13rne and go sightseeing in the nearby towns and villages. such as natural. political situation beca e ore stable. go skiing in &str0yki 13rne. #here is also a full acco odation and catering base.olk . weaving and painting. adolescents and adults in $ark’s and Co une’s facilities and pro oting the knowledge of nature. #he highest range of the $olish Eastern Carpathians. try horse"riding in WoCosate AConservative 5ucul 5orse (reeding .    #he 9ays of &str0yki 9olne.  go on guided sightseeing tours looking for traces of wild ani als. Each of its ?FS k is inhabited by )ust Q people. hospitality of local people and clean. fa ines and epide ics in the EF th century.ar B. listening to deer rutting and the sounds of awaking nature in spring.  attend evenings in ountain shelters and training centres of (ies0c0ady Kational $ark with the participation of invited inhabitants of the (ies0c0ady.  attend training courses and educative activities organised per re/uest for children. colourful forests in Autu n.  go cycling along interesting routes. sculpture. #hanks to the attractive wildlife and countryside of the 'utowiska Co une. As a conse/uence of invasions of foreign ar ies. GClean MountainsH :nternational Action and une any other local and regional events. observing changing nature. The Lutowiska "o #he 'utowiska Co une is the south"eastern ost part of $oland. are the co une’s biggest attraction. the area beca e partly depopulated.

The /astern "hurch in S olnik@ the church is one of the oldest and finest e. #he other $arish Church of St. #he present church was built in EJ@S. Sites of %nterest The 3ewish "e etery in Lutowiska@ set up in the latter half of the EO th century. #he ce etery is the only relic of the nu erous *ewish co unity inhabiting 'utowiska fro the end of the EOth century till the e. As early as EJ??. #he auctioned estates ere taken over by ti ber co panies. crude oil was searched for. #he 1er ans also fuelled $olish"&krainian hostility. #his is confir ed by a very archaic polychro e of the iconostasis. #he econo ic crisis of the EJP@s caused the collapse of any co panies and winding"up of narrow"gauge railway services. resulting in the total depopulation of the region. #he close of the EJP@s saw another econo ic recovery and develop ent of touris . +n the Soviet side of the border EP villages situated along the border were de olished^ local intelligentsia. :t e. . All buildings were destroyed. #he new $olish" &SS6 border along the 6over San divided the area of the present co une again^ in Soviet 0one forced collectivisation of villages began and +rthodo. which created a great de and for wood^ conse/uently. the 1er ans began persecutions of the *ewish population. the vast areas of for er villages were taken over by nature again.y was introduced. the church was consecrated. So e of the preserved ele ents of the church date fro ES@E. 'utowiska returned to $oland.ollowing the abolition of serfdo in EO?O. the 6iver San beca e a 1er an"Soviet border. &krainian population was repatriated to the &SS6. of which the oldest shows the inscribed date. The "hurch in Lutowiska@ built originally as a 6o an"catholic chapel in EOJO. :n the left" bank part. :n EJ?F. new saw ills and plants were built. #he parish church in 'utowiska is listed as a cultural asset and the sole e. When the &krainian :nsurgent Ar y forces concentrated in this area. the land was frag ented and landed estates collapsed due to the lack of free labour. it is part of the 9wernik parish. Q +ctober EFJS. as part of the Action Ristula. #he first church was probably built in EQ?F. 9uring the . which built saw ills and narrow"gauge railways.irst World War the church sustained da age. #hose who resisted were transferred to Siberia.ter ination in *une EJ?D.isted till EJ@?.6uthenians and *ews. :n EJEQ in the course of heavy fights in the Carpathians any villages were destroyed and their inhabitants suffered fro epide ics and hunger. (y virtue of the EJPJ 6ibbentrop"Molotov #reaty. Many of the to bstones are partially or co pletely destroyed.a ples of sacral architecture in the (ies0c0ady Mountains. As a result of WW:: the church deteriorated. :n the EJD@s the country needed a reconstruction. the state of the re aining ones is not too good.ter ination following the incorporation of the area into 1eneral"1ouverne ent. the first ention of the church’s endow ent dates fro EQO?. acts of terror towards $oles intensified and continued after the entry of Soviet troops in Septe ber EJ??^ any villages were destroyed then.ebruary EJ?@. After reconstruction in EJDP. the ountain areas as far as Cisna were controlled by &krainian bands. whereas the ost recent one. state ad inistration officers. 'utowiska were then na ed GS0ewc0enkowoH. More than E. DJ . After the so"called Gad)ust ent of bordersH in EJQE. The "hurch in "h iel. priests and representatives of forest services were displaced to Siberia. another series of displace ents took place. ended in their total e. . Kicholas and (ishop was built in EFJQ.@@@ to bstones have been preserved. +n the $olish side. #oday.a ple of Keo"1othic sacral architecture in the $olish (ies0c0ady.

production of healthy food. friendly and open. #here are no industries here. there are a large nu ber of artists. 1uests will find out the secret of baking bread. to 'ake SoliLskie and to the higher ountain ranges. (ystre and Michniowiec for a uni/ue co ple. an ash tree and a aple in Michniowiec near the church. with SDa of woodland.tre ely hospitable. churches Awith finely preserved iconostasesB. All i portant institutions and facilities are located here. a bakery. The "o une’s "haracteristic #he village of C0arna is the seat of the Co une.urious leisure centre. (ystre AEJ@DB. C0arna AEOP?B. #he co une is also a e ber of the Carpathian Euroregion. and of far ing and forestry character. (ystre has one of the best"preserved 1reek"Catholic churches in the (ies0c0ady. C0arna is a scenic ountain co une.The "4arna "o une :t is very easy to find acco odation here. Kow. painters. clean air and uni/ue at osphere. of folk stonework ade up of roadside crosses and shrines. therefore it is one of the few co unes with unpolluted environ ent. such as the Co une’s +ffice. #here are ore and ore guest far s^ they provide a chance to learn about the everyday custo s and activities of village fa ilies. Considering the low population of the co une. "ulture #he co une’s ain cultural facilities include the Co unal Culture Centre with a library. changes in favour of touris and agricultural touris are taking place. an ash tree and a broadleaf li e in 6abe near the church. #he whole co une is a protected landscape area. . cheese or s oking eat. the centre of ad inistration and business for its inhabitants. the Co"operative (ank. a bust stop. schools. for holidays in a natural and clean setting. a lu. the $olice Station. and a part of is covered by 'andscape $ark of the San Ralley. .plore the local beautiful forests and in the eanti e try sweet bilberries and raspberries and pick up ushroo s for dinner. :t is a good base for tourists to travel to all of the co une’s villages.C. #he area of the co une lies alongside (ies0c0ady Kational $ark.ation ay e. P broadleaf li es in the village of $olana on the s/uare beside the church and a belfry. Enthusiasts of /uiet rela.ive of the ay be visited as they are now used as 6. and a stop for tourists e. Ancient trees recognised as nature onu ents. the Conference and 6ecreation Centre of +il and 1as Co pany. and. village clubs in individual villages and a private gallery in the centre of the village. #he ore active tourist will go on a cycling trip along one of any available routes or go horse"riding. the (order 1uards’ Station. the drugstore. 6abe AEOSEB. as well as a sports pitch. Michniowiec AEOSPB. above all. aking butter. Sites of interest@ +ne ust see the wooden Eastern churches in $olana AEFJ@B. a European larch in C0arna 9olna. and people running guest houses are e. the $ost +ffice. A great asset of the co une are ineral springs located in the village of C0arna 13rna Awithin the ining 0oneB. the Medical Centre. #his provides food conditions for environ ent"friendly far ing. dCobek AEOP@B. C0arna is a agic place a ong forests and ountains. offering a wealth of ineral waters.ploring the (ies0c0ady Mountains. the Co unal Culture Centre.

A@EPB ?SE"E@"OE. A@EPB ?SE"SE"SE #he sports hall attached to the *unior Secondary School in C0arna #he Swi ing $ool GIa)a0d na 7resachH in C0arna. E@@ long. dCobek. e. tel. C0arna E?E  StanisCaw My8liLski. tel. P@@ long. *an StoCycia. tel. Serednie MaCe E. A@EPB ?SE"SE"SE #he GKa 7resachH 5oliday Centre in C0arna. EP 5el ut Mel0er.sculptors. #he co une and town of 'esko are in the northern part of the district and are surrounded by the 'esko . A@EPB ?SE"EE"PP Ski"lift of the Conference and 6ecreation Centre of +il and 1as Co pany in C0arna. the (ies0c0ady 9istrict in the east. tel. :t borders with Slovakia in the south. Touris Tourist trails   A hiking trail +WS $7K GKaftaH C0arna Mine % +stre % C0arna AredB A hiking trail +WS $7K GKaftaH C0arna Mine % C0arna 13rna AblueB Ski!lifts     Ski"lift in $olana % DPE long. potters. tel. e. A@EPB ?SE"JE"FE The Lesko District #he 'esko 9istrict is situated in the south"eastern part of the $odkarpackie $rovince. 'ipie PF  *an Mucha. A@J@B PJ"QE"SJ *an StoCycia. 6abe E@. A@J@B DS"JP"F? % 5ucul horses  Witold S oleLski.oothills Awith the highest . tel. #he whole district is within the li its of the (ies0c0ady Mountains and the Sanocko"#urc0aLskie Mountains. weavers and wicker weavers. $olana F@a. An i portant role in pro oting culture and tradition is played by the Co unal Culture Centre in C0arna with the theatre group G(abiniecH. tel. dCobek. A@EPB ?SE"JD"QE #he G$r0y 7o inkuH :nn. 6abe E?. tel. A@EPB ?SE"JE"FD Horse studs  WacCawa #erlecka. tel. tel. tel. A@EPB ?SE"J@"F? S$orts and #ecreation )acilities     #he Conference and 6ecreation Centre of +il and 1as Co pany in C0arna. A@EPB ?SE"J@"SE #he Chrewt bathing beach on 'ake SoliLskie Holiday "entres     #he Conference and 6ecreation Centre of +il and 1as Co pany in C0arna. tel.tension no. A@J@B PE"FeOQ % 5ucul horses  El<bieta Chrapkiewic0. and with the Sanok 9istrict in the west and north. A@EPB QSE"E@"OE.tension SE #he G5arendaH 5oliday Centre in C0arna. tel. DQ@ long.

EEJ B. woodland A?SaB. through Sanok to 5ungary. 5oc0ewka and +ls0anka. arable land A?@aB. #he co une constitutes EP. and 7rasicki. 'esko is a a)or centre of business and services.oothills.@SJ B and $oConina WetliLska AE. At the turn of the E? th and EQth centuries. (achlawa. 'issko.SO@ people in the area of OP?. including. and finally the present na e beca e established. running fro (iec0. )ankowce. church Anon"e. #he original village was set up where an ancient trade route branched off. The Lesko "o une #he seat of the co une is 'esko. (efore that. 'esko together with the vast land was awarded to the 7 ita fa ily fro Wi8nic0 by 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo. +soliLski.East of this ountain range is the co une of +ls0anica. 2ukawica. (e0 iechowa 9olna. 'esko beca e the property of his elder brother $iotr and the capital of all the fa ily’s estates. .QO k D. and the town’s archives and useu were established in the town hall. and three year later the town was deci ated by plague. Many activities have been undertaken to pro ote the town and co une’s develop ent. . scenic setting. 7rosno. $iotr 7 ita’s death put an end to the town’s dyna ic growth. (eautiful. oil and ti ber industries developed. on the border of the (ies0c0ady and the $r0e yskie . According to the data at P@ *une D@@? the co une was inhabited EE. 'esko was destroyed by Swedes. surrounded in the west by the ountain range of Wielki 90iaC Awith the highest peak at E.peak at QOP B and the SConne Mountains ASSO B. a town on the right bank of the 6iver San. natural and landscape features as well as relics of the past ake it a a)or tourist centre. Wetlinka. :n the early ESth century he oved his residence to 'esko fro SobieL Castle destroyed by 5ungarians. Around 'ake SoliLskie is the co une of Solina surrounded by Mounts *awor AF?E B and 7orban AOJ? B.ood .air.istent nowB.QP@ people.?O k D. . 'esko. #he owner and founder of the town was probably StanisCaw 7 ita. 5u0ele. 5oc0ew. #he district is inhabited by DS. 90iurd0i3w. $iotr 7 ita built a castle and a church in 'esko. #he district’s longest river is the San with its tributaries. then 'esco. $ostoC3w. :n EF@D. Kear the Slovakian border is the co une of Cisna surrounded by the border range of the (ies0c0ady in the south AE.ollowing StanisCaw 7 ita’s death in EQPO. Solinka. :n a docu ent fro E?PS it is referred to as 'esko. SoliLskie and Myc0kowieckie. Mnis0chowie. #he following fa ilies were the subse/uent owners of 'esko.ro those ti es the arket s/uare has been preserved Anow the Constitution S/uareB and the basic layout of the streets radiating fro the s/uare’s corners. :n the central part there is the co une of (aligr3d. According to the data fro the year D@@D. Cisna.@FE B. Manaster0ec. and the 2opiennik assif AE. A Historical 'utline #he na e 'esko is believed to be derived fro the word Gles0c0ynaH Aha0elB. 'esko. . [rednia Wie8 and Were ieL.hibition and . the 'esko Co une has the area of EEE.DQP B in the north. in E?J@ Casi ir *agiellonian granted the town a privilege allowing it to hold two fairs a year and weekly arkets. +ls0anica and Solina. 2Zc0ki.or a few years the town has hosted the Agricultural E. #here are any holiday centres by the lakes. #he district co prises the co unes of (aligr3d.PFa of the district. 'iesko. #wo artificial lakes were created on the San. which are reservoirs drinking water and protect the lower" lying areas fro flooding. :n the inter"war period the town was electrified. #rade as well as food. as well as an +rthodo. (e0 iechowa 13rna. 1linne. #he 'esko Co une consists of EQ villages. 'esko was given a town charter at the end of E?SJ or at the beginning of E?F@. a bridge over the San was built.

A nu ber of interesting rising events are held. by the ain road to &str0yki 9+lne. Anglers will surely be acco panied by friendly storks. springs have been preserved.     Church of the Assu ption in [rednia Wie8 Church of St.tended in the EOth century. Kearby. Kowadays. situated in the grounds of the village of Manaster0ec. A nu ber of horse studs were established here. cowboys and horseback adventure. starts and ends. reconstructed in the years EJS@"SP. #he clean waters of the San are also rich in protected species. e. in the inter"war period a s all natural edicine centre was built.redro. #he old layout of the town has been preserved with two arket s/uares and bourgeois buildings fro the EF th and EJth centuries and the town hall fro EOJS. barbels. #he church was erected in about EQPO and altered in EFS@ and EOOJ. #he castle is surrounded by an old park. #he do inant species is the strea trout and grayling^ there are also chubs. . a sandstone full of legends. Anne in 5oc0ew Church of the #ransfiguration in Manaster0ec Church of the 5oly Rirgin’s (irth in 90iurd0i3w :ature -onu ents 7a ieL 'eski A1linneB. built in the early ESth century. -ount So9ie= #eserve. before WW: there was a pu p roo in 'esko. :t is here that the #rans"Carpathian 5orse"6iding #rail. affiliated by the $olish Sightseeing Association. on a hill. running across all the $olish Carpathians as far as the dywiecki (eskid Mountains. #he river is classified as ountainous and abounds in fish. such as crayfish and la perns. #he green tourist trail runs there fro the town’s centre. +ne can also see otters and beavers on the banks of the San. cyprynids. as well as 5oy Rirgin’s statue with the inscription G5ealing of the :llH. Activity Touris #he (ies0c0ady are associated with $olish Wild East. and a stone co e orating *30ef $iCsudski’s death. the founders of 'esko. horses. The for er synagogue Anow Art 1alleryB. and daces. carrying its crystal"clear waters of the first"class /uality. the bard of the (ies0c0ady Mountains. the ancient residence of the 7 ita fa ily. :n the (ies0c0ady alone there are about Q@@ arked horse"riding trails. now reconstructed fro da age sustained during WW::. defensive. The #iver San in the environs of 'esko flows down a scenic valley. and white"tailed eagles in the sky hunting for fish. Lesko ineral s$rings. in his poe G7a ieL nad 'iskie H. #his nature onu ent is P k fro the town. there is a *ewish ce etery with original gravestones. rising D@ over the ground.Sites of %nterest The 6 ita )a ily "astle. +n top of it there are ruins of SobieL Castle fro EP?@. altered in the id"EFth century and co prehensively renovated in the years EOPF"PO. #here are three conservative 5ucul horse breeding far s in the co une. cased wells of si. An EJth century bell tower stands beside. described by Aleksander . erected in the ES th"EFth centuries.

.oothills off"road cycling trail AD?.D k B starts at the foot of 'eski 7a ieL A'esko StoneB and ascends to the top of C0ulnia hill AQFS above the sea levelB. as well as *ewish in the inter"war period. #he 'esko . #he locals also run s all far s. he will obtain e. including the ost precious natural sites. stagecoach trips. therefore the tourist will not find here any historical churches or old (oyko cottages. the for er proprietors of this region. G1reenway Eastern CarpathiansH cycling trails for a trans"border network of nature and culture trails. due to their rich history and relics of the past.is of the (ies0c0ady route is the 1reenway as it connects the ost beautiful sites of the region.tends.or the purposes of fa ily cycling. &krainian. #he a. #he routes have been arled so as to allow a biker to return to where he rode fro . #he 'esko Co une has off"road cycling trails GE. .D k B runs along the northern hills of 9urna and 2opiennik ountain ranges. #he C0arny 90iaC off"road cycling trail ADD.       $oland’s only cattle chasing AEQ@ cowsB trapper hikes. Conse/uently. (aligr3d is the place where any cultures eet. $olish. The 0aligr5d "o "o une top of which a scenic panora a to une’s characteristic #he (aligr3d Co une largely consists of forests and woodlands. trainings are organised for ountain horse"riding guides Athere are three training centresB. (oykos.tre e (ies0c0adyH running across forest paths and dirt roads. people’s activity is focused on wood processing industry. #he co une’s inhabitants hope for spa care develop ent owing to the presence of ineral waters in this region. a very well developed acco odation base. fro Chrys0c0ata assif e. An additional advantage is the situation by the ain transportation route. hiking and cycling trails. #he co une contains protected areas.oothills separating the basins of the San and the +sCawa.:S standard. #he Ralley of the 6iver 5oc0eka was a site of tragic events in the late EJ?@s. Another route A?S k B leads to 1rus0ka 5ill. Mount Makowska off"road cycling trail ADE. ilder routes have been way arked along paved roads. :nstead. #he C0ulnia off"road cycling trail ADP. whilst in winter those looking for a thrill ay use the slope with the .J k B runs along the ridge of the 'esko .Q k B runs through C0arny 90iaC forest and heads towards the glider airfield on Mount 7a ionka. including (oyko and 'e ko. Co prehensive (ies0c0ady 5orse Co petition.cellent natural and tourist conditions. (aligr3d and its environs are very interesting for visitors to the (ies0c0ady. county picnics. left it and the traces of their presence and very scarce.

a uni/ue e. . :n the EJth century the (aligr3d estates changed owners several ti es. as the largest group. 5e p was grown and linen was ade fro it for sale and personal use. G1oCobor0eH natural sandstone debris in the village of 6abe An old /uarry in 6abe. an church built overnight Aon the night of D"P August EJFQB 6o0toki 9olne. GWoronik3wkaH in the village of *abConki. Kowosi3Cki. `?O A@EPB ?SJ ?E OQ #he Me orial to 1eneral 7arol [wierc0ewski in *abConki *abConki. forest ones. StY<nica Kature reserves and onu ents. (y EFO@ (aligr3d together with the ha let of (ystre consisted of O? cottages inhabited by QJP people. +n the eve of WW:: (aligr3d had a population of D. including E?O *ews. G=ew #rees on Mount *aworH in the village of 7oConice. As a result of the war and post"war deportations (aligr3d lost its &krainian and *ewish co unities AS?a of the populationB. the e.A historical outline #he town was established in the early EFth century by *an :: (al. :n Autu n EJ?D 1er ans oved OO@ *ews away fro (aligr3d and urdered the in IasCaw near Sanok. a 1reek"Catholic church fro EJED Kowosi3Cki.PSS. tel. about Q@@ to bstones. 9uring the inter"war period (aligr3d lost its town charter.DS@ people. no" tower stone church with a bell tower fro the EJth century #he ilitary ce etery in (aligr3d of Soviet and $olish soldiers fro the years EJ??" EJ?F #he G7nie)aH Wildlife and 5unting Museu in Kowosi3Cki. the (aligr3d Co une offers e.cellent horse"riding conditions with a wealth of riding trails. +n E@ Septe ber EJPJ (aligr3d was occupied by Slovak and 1er an troops.a ple of a single"do e. a wilderness for lovers of geology #he *ewish Ce etery in (aligr3d. a ce etery fro WW:        Activity Touris Horse9ack Touris . the district ad inistrator fro Sanok. Since EOSD there has been a pri ary school in (aligr3d. #here is no docu ent of the town’s establish ent. a sepulchral chapel and a church fair chapel fro EODP Kowosi3Ck. do inated the village’s econo ic life. :n EOQQ the co unal court and post office buildings were erected. #he +rthodo. including one of the oldest ones in the whole region. 6o0toki 9olne. (aligr3d.C. Church fro EODJ in (aligr3d.istence of (aligr3d is evidenced by a docu ent fro ESP? issued by 7ing WCadysCaw :R. G+ls0a kosa in StY<nicaH. A s all stone castle was built on a defensive pro ontory surrounded on three sides by the 6over 5oc0ewka and the StY<nicki Strea . *ews. #he census of EJDE shows EFJ houses inhabited by E. florist ones. a subsidiary +rhodo. +ne can ride in a carriage in su er or in a sleigh in winter and ad ire the beauty of nature at the sa e ti e. churchB Wooden folk buildings. #his for of touris if environ entally"friendly. Sites of %nterest       Mchawa. church Anow an 6. geological ones. Iahoc0ewie. #he ain activity of (aligr3d’s inhabitants was pasturage So e worked in ironworks in 6abe.

5unters cultivate old hunting traditions and custo s.Hiking Touris .ielony #ower1 runs across the whole (aligr3d Co une. observing nature. and other local enterprises undertaken for the sake of protecting the heritage of the (ies0c0ady. And what ountains they are> #hese ountains are the (ies0c0ady.cursions. Abandoned glades and orchards are the only vestiges of the villages. #here is a wide range of acco odation. it is wholly situated in the ountains. #here areas are habitats of any wild ani als Abears. #he trail is a bit difficult technically as it runs along dirt roads and re/uires good fitness. . beaversB. once situated along the road in a great nu ber.or ore infor ation go to.tensive activities to save species which are rare and face e.#a9e1 "ycling Trail. 5unters also conduct e. one can also go along an off"road trail of a higher degree of difficulty^ one can have a fantastic cycling holiday with a variety of trails each day. #he so"called bloodless hunting. #he rarities of wildlife ay be interesting to both a ateurs and professionals. A part of the . Kearly co pletely wooded. Whilst getting around one should keep /uiet and never go beyond the arked trail. abounding in wild ani als. S k a walk of about D. natural attractions.0ielonyrower. #he area of the (aligr3d Co une are perfect for trips with a ca era. and The 0aligr5d!D4ia(!0erdo!7o$iennik Trail 0lue arks ti e@ C!D h )orest /ducation Trail 0lack Trail@ section@ Pass EFG H 3a9(onki "ycling Touris The 9lue cycling trail . The "o    The "o   unal #ecreational and S$orts 0lue Trail of the length of A k a walk of appro.e. every tourist will find so ething for hi self. this cycling trail largely runs through wooded areas. gains ore and ore popularity. Whilst in (aligr3d. a pair of binoculars or a ca corder. delicious regional food and any attractive ways to spend one’s free ti e. Even though the (ies0c0ady in the Cisna Co une have preserved their wild character.Q % P hours of touris .. i. #he area of (aligr3d is particularly suitable for this for everyone will find convenient routes for walks and e. therefore hunting in their co pany is an unforgettable e. 0loodless hunting@ the (ies0c0ady Mountains are a popular hunting region due to the presence of a substantial nu ber of ani als in the woods. +nly the section along the large (ies0c0ady loop"way has a good asphalt surface.2reenway H . The "isna "o une #he Cisna Co une is a ong $oland’s ost beautiful parts.tinction.Q hours unal Walking Bellow Trail length. artisan workshops.Q hours a ountain bike leisurely ride of about @. for so e the ost scenic of the $olish ountains. connecting the ost beautiful parts of the region. wolves.pl . P hours a arch and a run of about E. www.perience.

13rna Wetlinka.. #he trails vary in their degrees of difficulty or hiking ti e.@JF B. the re ainder is within the li its of Ci8niaLsko"WetliLski Kational $ark. S hours "ycling Touris    Cycling trail. 5yrc0a $ass % 2opienka % 9oC<yca % Cisna % Ma)dan % Solinka ounts Horse!riding tri$s and rides in a horse!drawn carriage . who built ironworks here. parish.co une is included in (ies0c0ady Kational $ark. A splendid panora a of *asCo and .ebruary. Cisna Prd weekend of *uly. 1oslar organised here an ar ed unit. :n the EJP@s. :t is the seat of the local authorities. A Historical 'utline +riginally known as C0yasna ACiasnaB.redro fa ily. #egular /vents     Trails Cisna % S erek over . forest narrow"gauge railway. ski" lifts are )ust so e of the ways to spend your free ti e. the co une offers a nu ber of other attractions. :t is situated in a deep basin on the bank of the 6iver Solinka. :t is a guarantee that for a long ti e to co e we will be able to find here unspoilt nature. the police. wild ani als or char ing strea s where one can drink water fro . M. #he turn of *anuary and . GCisna 9aysH. G. and in EJ@? to 7alnica. Cisna. +ne can find easy walking trails or e. *. yet very attractive section of the red trail. etc. during the Cracow &prising.erec0ata AE. :n EO?S.plore higher ranges of the (ies0c0ady.C. Cisna % 6o0toki 13rne % Wola Michowa %debrak $ass Cycling trail.estival of Rarious Arts G(ies0c0ad0kie AnioCyH. Cisna is a ong the spots in the (ies0c0ady with the highest annual precipitation. Cisna % 7alnica % Sine Wiry % (uk % 9oC<yca % Cisna Cycling trail. which anufactured far ing tolls. a post office. :t is surrounded by ountain peaks on all sides. Wetlina A less"known. sled dog racing. 9uring WW:.E@D B ountains. which was dispersed by the Austrians in the environs of 'esko. Cisna. :n EO@S it was purchased by the . $r0ysCup near Cisna E"P May. pots and stoves. a )unior secondary school.EQP B.lower 9aysH. . border guards. the village was founded in EQDD by the (ala fa ily.E@E B. resulting in destruction. a district forest inspectorate.erec0ata. MaCe *asCo AE. the beginning of the tourist season. the Austrian"6ussian front repeatedly crossed the village. appro. *asCo AE. "o une’s "haracteristic #his is one of the ost attractive villages of the (ies0c0ady. (etween EOJ@"JQ. an. a edical centre. 5iking ti e. which results in a special icrocli ate. a forest narrow"gauge railway was built to Kowy 2upk3w. :f you don not wish to hike in the ountains. +krZglik AE. 5orse"riding. 6. Every village in the Cisna Co une is a perfect starting point for hiking trips. Wetlina Dnd weekend of August. the village gained the status of a su er resort.

when it was built by several co panies fro (udapest and Rienna. F@@ contact. A@EPB ?SO ?P SJ The 0ies4c4ady :arrow!2auge #ailway #he forest narrow"gauge tracks eander a idst wooded ountain ridge. tel. tel. @Q@E EF@ ?P? www.or ore detailed infor ation contact. due to low costs of road transport. tel. @Q@D Q@F O@D (iesisko #avern. (eside the lift. O@@ . OQ@ . The ski!lift in 6alnica lift length. SQ@ contact. ti ber. as well as brought the progress of civilisation into those inaccessible and deteriorated parts.kalica. @EP ?SO SP PQ #el. which e. i. . +ffice of the (ies0c0ady Karrow"1auge 6ailway . A@EPB ?SO SP EE *adwiga Wethac0. Cisna Ma)dan % Wola Michowa and Cisna Ma)dan % (alnica.pl More info. :n those ti es.dybasiowka. :ts history dates back to the years EOJ@"EOJQ. @S@O ?EP JJP Ski!lifts< %nfor ation a9out skiing facilities The ski!lift in "isna lift length. and provided e ploy ent for the locals. tel.     #o as0 7wiatkowski.oundation in Cisna"Ma)dan PO"S@F Cisna #el. Cisna Ma)dan % $r0ysCup. the ski"lift is attached to the guest far ay be used at night.pl More info.republika.M fa. the railway had an i portant role as it ade it possible to use the ain asset of this region.pl More info. the railway is no longer used for this purpose.ho e. tel..e. #oday. @Q@D POP OOD *acek 7rawiec.podhone . @Q@E @SS EO@ SCawo ir 9yba8. P@@ contact. SQ@ piste length. :t runs seasonally along the routes. SQ@ piste length. the ski"lift is lit % and food. the slope is groo ed by a snow"groo ing vehicle. #here is a snack bar beside the lift The ski!lift in Lis4na piste length.ploited (ies0c0ady forests and had their saw ills here. @Q@P EPF DFJ www. @EP ?SO SP EE www. a shelter sells hot drinks G9ybasi3wkaH .

parish. food shops. there was an +rthodo.org More info. a railway station. both villages united again. Q. #he stone +rthodo. :n E??F. the G$oConinyH 5oliday Centre housed in a palace. church in Iwier0yL. 6. #he historical stone 1reek"Catholic Church of the 5oly Rirgin’s Slu ber fro EJDP. in +ls0anica in the Art Kouveau style with a ro antic palace built by the *ordan fa ily in EJ@Q. private offices of edicine. etc.isted in the E?th century^ however. peace and /uite. #here also ineral springs in &herce Mineralne. #he co une has good transport links to the nearby towns and villages.        :ature -onu ents . it is a holiday centre of the Ministry of *ustice. At the close of the ESth century. Sites of interest@  #he historical palace co ple.C. $as0owa and 6udenka. +ne can safely e.C. +relec and Iwier0yL. #he lot is surrounded by a anor landscape park of the area of Fha. and a bridge fro the end of the EJ th and the beginning of the D@th centuries.? k P.wetlina.O k Athe route consists of two sections.plore forest co ple. the routes are prepared by the Association for 9evelop ent of Wetlina and Environs The 'ls4anica "o une #he co une is situated in one of the ost attractive $olish regions in ter s of landscape and wildlife. Scenic countryside. parish church. the first preserved ention of it dates fro E?PS. With ti e."ross!country skiing route in Wetlina route length.C. P k and O@@ B contact. #he roadside shrine fro EOFD. a s ithy. now an 6. as well as way arked hiking trails encourage active touris . a drugstore. An outhouse. #he palace was built on the site a for er fortified anor fro the ESth century. :t ay have already e. the post office. #he wooden Eastern church fro EOPS"EO?@ and a wooden belfry fro EOFS"EOJJ in Stefkowa.es with the rich (ies0c0ady wildlife. vicinity of clean rivers and strea s and lakes SoliLskie and Myc0kowieckie. #he stone 6. parish church here. #oday. as well as the Co une’s +ffice. www. churches in WaLkowa. +rthodo. A Historical 'utline +ls0anica is a ong the oldest villages in the (ies0c0ady. the village of Cisowiec was separated fro the +ls0anica land. surrounded by a beautiful oat filled with water. :t was governed according to the Rallachian law and belonged to the 7 ita fa ily. a church belfry and a wall around the church fro EFQF in &herce Mineralne. an. church fro the EOth century. +relec.

chirping of birds and progressively longer and war er days. (ukowiec. +ver O@a of its area is part of the Eastern (eskidy $rotected 'andscape Area. Rast forested areas. W3lkowy)a and others resorts. Everyone will find so ething for hi self.auna 6eserve " near the outlet of the 6iver +ls0anka to the San.cellent panora as of the (ies0c0ady lakes lend the co une a uni/ue char . whilst the southern part is included in 'andscape $ark of the San Ralley and in Ci8niaLsko"WetliLski 'andscape $ark. Spring welco es the tourist with carpets of flowers. 5oliday akers can rela. "o une’s "haracteristic #he Solina Co une is situated at the edge of lakes Myc0kowieckie and SoliLskie in the (ies0c0ady Mountains. the wealth of wildlife. as well as colourful past of this scarcely populated land have long attracted holiday akers. #he waterfall in &herce Mineralne.Q located in a forest. Myc0kowieckie and SoliLskie. $olish and 5ungarian highlanders. and nearby Were ieL start to be used. the San and the Solinka. Solina. Anature G(eaver in &herce MineralneH . fiords and islands. forests will astonish the tourist with its gold and red attire. as well as open hills and ountain tops offering e. whereas 'ake Myc0kowieckie Athe s aller oneB has the area of D k D and contains EE illion P of water. :n winter. (ukowiec. photographers. #he lakes are s/uee0ed a ong hills arising straight fro water and feature nu erous bays. 'ake SoliLskie Athe larger oneB has the area of DD k D and the water capacity of Q@@ illion P. a sandstone rock of the height of D. G+staniecH inani ate nature onu ent in +relec. #hese two water bodies is fed with clear spring water by two ountain rivers. Myc0kowce. 9ue to the scenic beauty and rich wildlife the Solina Co une is a ong $oland’s ost attractive tourist regions. :n autu n. e. vast woodlands. painters. dark e. hunters and anglers.cellent sunshine in al ost any season.G#he Miraculous SpringH in Iwier0yL % a spring with healing water has been known since the EPth century as the pilgri age destination of 6uthenian. the dense network of crystal clear ountain rivers and strea s. #wo artificial lakes created on the 6iver San lend char s to this area. :t is then that ski"lifts in the Military 5oliday Centre G*aworH in Solina. in the holiday centres in $olaLc0yk. The Solina "o une $ri ordial wildlife. Touris . :n the heat of the su er. hang"glider pilots by a new glider airfield on top of Mount *awor AF?D B in Solina and two fa ous (ies0c0ady glider airfields in nearby Were ieL and (e0 iechowa in the SConne Mountains.panses of forests and water reservoirs will protect you fro the sun. the lack of industries in the area. countless shades of green. as well as those in $olaLc0yk. Snow re ains here for nearly ED@ days during the year. snow"capped ountains fascinate with their sparks of frost. Water sports fans are attracted by the two (ies0c0ady lakes. situated in the upper bed of the Stary Strea onu entB. co only known as Kamień AstoneB in +relec. #he black stork and heron sanctuary in Iwier0yL on the bends of the 6iver San.

A@EPB ?SJ DF PD . walking ti e. left of 13r0anka. pri eval ountainous countryside unspoilt by hu an interference provide perfect conditions for active holidays and attract great nu bers of tourists. about Q hours GCypel $olaLc0ykH A$olaLc0yk $ro ontoryB walking path. Q hours A?E k B Rariant A % $olaLc0yk % (ere0ka % (ere4nica Wy<na % Wola 13r0aLska % #yskowa % 5yrc0a $ass % 2opienka A+rthodo. P@ inutes -ountain 9ike rental sho$s@    W. arked green. D hours P@ inutes ADQ k B 'ther suggested cycling routes@  $olaLc0yk " 5oc0ew % (ere4nica Wy<na % 13r0anka % WoCkowy)a % $olaLc0yk^ cycling ti e. walking ti e. S hours P@ inutes AQ? k B Solina Aover the da B % 2obo0ew % (3brka % Myc0kowce % Iwier0yL % &herce % +relec % (3brka % Solina. (ehind the e orial. about Q hours GKiebieska 2e0kaH A(lue #earB walking path. the villages are lined by way arked walkways and cycling trails. (ere4nica Wy<na % a s all e orial to writer Iyg unt 7ac0kowski. a idst the (ies0c0ady lakes. walking ti e^ about D hours G$erCa $olaLc0ykaH A$oaLc0yk’s $earlB walking path. A@EPB ?SJ DP @J *. Clean natural environ ent. go straight to StY<nica. arked red. churchB % $olanki % #erka % (ukowiec % WoCkowy)a % $olaLc0yk^ cycling ti e. "ycling #oute  $olaLc0yk % (ere0ka % (ere4nica Wy<na % 13r0anka % WoCkowy)a % $olaLc0yk^ cycling ti e. arked blue. Siercha % $olaLc0yk. A@EPB ?SJ DP EF #he GKa 13rceH 5otel % $olaLc0yk. arked blue^ walking ti e. When on cycling routes. tel. the wealth of nature. D hours G2Zc0nikH walking path. tel. cycling ti e D hours P@ inutes AD? k B    Attention. S hours AQD k B Rariant ( % $olaLc0yk % (ere0ka % (ere4nica Wy<na % StY<nica % #yskowa % 5yrc0a $ass % 2opienka A+rthodo. cycling ti e. tel. churchB % $olanki % #erka % (ukowiec % WoCkowy)a % $olaLc0yk. waking ti e. +renc0ak % $olaLc0yk. use the ap GIielony 6ower (ies0c0adyH A(ies0c0ady 1reen (ikeB Walking $aths in the Solina "o      une GIielone W0g3r0a Kad SolinZH A1reen 5ills on SolinaB walking path. arked yellow.Situated in a scenic setting.

25r4anka. horse"riding instructors. A@EPB ?F@ P@ DO. 0ereInica Wy8na. (eside. #he village provides horse"riding and acco odation opportunities. S@Q QOO ??S.ro that period. church founded by MikoCa) 7ra)ewski in about EOPJ. subsidiary church fro the first half of the EJ th century.ebies0c0ady. a youth hostel and a blue hiking trail. karpaty_wp. karpaty_ebies0c0ady.pl. $arish Church of the 5eart of *esus. a ski"lift. @EP ?SJ DQ OE ApresbyteryB. @EP ?SJ DQ OEB -yc4kowce@ the stone subsidiary &niate Church of St. 9ivision of 9evelop ent and $ro otion. finished in the years EJF@"FP as the 6. a wooden fra ework 6. now reconstruction and conservation are in progress. erected as a &niate chapel. etc. the church is used as an 6. 059rka. G7arinoH :nn.. founded by $iotr 1la)0er. Kowadays.C. obile. burnt in EJ?F Anow in ruinB^ GMyc0kowieckie 6ocksH nature onu ent on the 6iver San. SJP EDS POE.C. E 6ynek Street. renovated in EJD@. #he top of Mount 7orbania AJ@Q B offers one of the finest ountain panora as of 'ake SoliLskie and (ies0c0ady Kational $ark. shops. . At the turn of the EJ th and D@th centuries used by &niates. :nside. the only ele ent of the anor co ple. www. 1eorge fro the years EJE@"ED. ?SJ D? JQ. a bar.Tourist %nfor ation@ #he Co unal #ourist :nfor ation Centre in Solina has for several years kept a data bank on overnight acco odation in the co une and nearby and ade available addresses of tourist guides. e. guest far s.pl :nfor ation about (ies0c0ady and 'ower (eskid guides ay be obtained fro the GCarpathiansH Association of #ourist 1uides. parish church Atel.pl. PO"Q@@ Sanok. the village’s heir. After the war. ski instructors. and handed over to &niates by the Austrian authorities. so e bars. tel. . :n the village’s upper end is a viewing point.tended in EJF@^ ruins of a stone tripartite &niate church fro EOSO. A@EPB ?SQ DO DO.pl. and vestiges of a anor landscape park. about E. #he village has P galleries of roadside sculptures. e" ail. the only one of this sort in the (ies0c0ady and Carpathian Euroregion. www. a stone 1reek"Catholic church fro EJPF. a arina for s all vessels. #he #ourist :nfor ation Centre is housed in the Co une’s +ffice in Solina.M fa. a caff. a largely preserved iconostasis fro the EJth century with the polychro e. a stone granary fro the first half of the EFth century. #el. tel. goksit_solina. D Wie)ska Street. su er chalets. address.esolina.pl. or the village ad inistrator @EP ?F@ PF ?J.C. a stone 6.@@@ below the da . tour couriers and ountain guiders.C. a church fro EJOJ. #own’s +ffice in Sanok.bies0c0ady"pr0ewodnicy. a wooden fra ework church fro EOPS. nearby is a stone chapel fro EO?O co e orating the abolition of serfdo . cince EJFJ the 6. at the turn of the EJ th and D@th centuries.C. a su er resort by the 6iver Solinka. the church was partially looted and de olished.pl Sites of %nterest@ 0ere4ka. www. a wooden belfry and a graveyard with the village owners’ gravestones. $arish Church of +ur 'ady of C0Ystochowa. restored in D@@E with the icon G& ilenieH by local artist and painter 'eon Chrapko. :t has two holiday centre. 0ukowiec. a sculpted iconostasis has been preserved. anor ruin and is connected with (ies0c0ady Kational $ark through a green hiking trail.

Kear the church is the re ainder of a anor landscape park. a Keo"1othic. Terka. boarding houses. and a stone. the crown of the da serves as a te porary boulevard for tens thousands of tourists. is a stone shrine founded in EOJS by #erka’s heir. (elow the da .-yc4k5w. a school.aw54. in the for er channel of the 6iver San. a arina. holiday ho es. rental of sailing e/uip ent. #here are. the village has a population of DP@. the co une’s office. The Da in -yc4kowce (etween EJQS and EJS@ the first hydroelectric power station was built in Myc0kowce. is distinguished by two churches. bipartite 1reek"Catholic church fro EJ@@ with a tower in the faWade. between two bays and in a strea valley at ?S@ . on which dwarf vegetation grows. Wo(kowy+a. :ts height is OD etres. :t was DP etres high and ?P@ etres long. cafes.C. The Da in Solina #he Solina $ower Station and 9a was constructed between EJSE and EJSO. Pola=c4yk. who on his way back fro (3brka on a coach fell to the river on this site without sustaining any in)uries. a restocking centre. :t boasts a new church. #he present stone church was built in EFQF. the $arish +rthodo. parish churchB has rich interior furnishings oved fro a church in 2opienka. a beautifully located village in the western part of the pro ontory. #a+skie. and width SS? etres. #here is also a new church here. rental of water e/uip ent. the village’s owner. yachting arinas and G#ra pH ship. #he stone &niate church fro EJ@F Anow used as an 6. (oth building were founded by *an Kepo ucen Iatorski. Church of St Martyr $araskieva. shops. by the road. on an escarp ent over the 6iver Solinka. to date a do0en or so old cottages have been preserved in the village. a si er resort on 'ake SoliLskie with holiday chalets and rental of sailing e/uip ent. :t was the best"known Marian cult sanctuary in the Western (ies0c0ady. a holiday village situated on a 'ake SoliLskie bay. along the green trail fro Iag3r0 to (ies0c0ady Kational $ark. a edical centre and post office. a post office. . Handicraft 2alleries and Worksho$s . is one of the ost interesting onu ents of the (ies0c0ady nature. MichaC 7ra)ewski. G6anc0oH 'eisure Centre. :n su er. 7o$ienka. Polanki. #he for er wooden one has an unknown date of origin. #he iraculous painting of +ur 'ady of 2opienka attracted asses of believers. acco odation base. with only the underpinning and a belfry fro the EJth century re aining of a for er Eastern church. single"nave church fro EJ@@ with a two"tower faWade. a tourist infor ation centre and a net of walkways. ca psites. #here is holiday centre. #his is a heavy concrete da . a vertical wall of the height of SJ and the length of S@@ . stone. a spa with a nu ber of sanatoria. a police station. #his was the first structure of this type in $oland. a bar. a shop and a church erected in EJFE.

&krainian and $olish. A@EPB ?SJEOES G6oadside Sculpture 1alleryH. tel. an annual sailing event on 'ake SoliLskie  GSolina Co une’s CupH. :n addition. the co une’s anage ent prepare a nu ber of cultural and entertain ent events for holiday akers. $opytak. A@EPB ?SJ EO OO Workshop of 5enryk 1Zgorowski’s Sculpture^ (3brka Crgpe $aper Workshop of Andr0e) 7us0a AG(a0ylHB^ (3brka. aking it attractive in ter s of landscape and cli ate. tel.cursions. a series of art and folk events on stages in Solina and $olaLc0yk  G9ays of the Solina Co uneH. Every su er. 5ungarian. Sport and #ouris in Solina. tel. #he lake’s waters have ade ountain air ilder. Spa treat ents were begun in the early EJF@s. the Centre co"operates with far ers’ wives associations fro a nu ber of villages. #hey perfor songs fro borderlands. #he Centre also co"operates with the band of folk singers GMacier0ankaH fro WoCkowy)a.unctional Art AG(roStaHB^ (3brka. whilst in EJJJ $olaLc0yk gained a spa status. Makara and A. on a 'ake SoliLskie peninsula. G*aworH 5oliday Centre in $olaLc0yk. recreational and cultural event  G6egional 1atheringH % an event to pro ote regional traditions The Pola=c4yk S$a $olaLc0yk is a health resort situated in the heart of the (ies0c0ady Mountains. A@EPB ?SJ DD D@ *asiek *oniak^ $olaLc0yk. the ost spectacular in the Solina Co une GCIA9H 1allery W. . which attends various cultural and folk events in the $odkarpackie $rovince. tel. A@EPB ?SJ EO JD StanisCawa $odkalicka’s Workshop of . tel.  GSu er in SolinaH. spa clients and participants of brief e. #hese associations take an active part in the cultural and social life and attend any events organised in the co une. thanks to which there is a uni/ue icrocli ate. sports. ecological event  G#ourna ent of Solina Co une RillagesH. Cli atic conditions and clean air are the ain advantages of this area. A@EPB ?SJ D@ PE Sculpture Workshop of StanisCZwa 134d4^ (ere0ka *an Kied4wied4^ $olaLc0yk. tel. Slovakian.          "ulture 1allery and Workshop of 'eon Chrapko’s $ainting AG'e1ra<H Creative Work 5o eB^ (3brka. organised every year at the beginning of May in $olaLc0yk  G$oland’s $resident’s C&$H  G#ele Su erH GI)awaH 5oliday Centre in $olaLc0yk  GSailing ShantyH % Chief +ffice of Roluntary Water 6escue Service $olaLc0yk A$ro ontoryB  G+ bCYkitnZ wyspY SanuH regattas. A@EPB ?SJ D@ JE Anna 'ewiLska’a 1allery^ Mount *awor in Solina #he GSiwy *anH folk band is attached to the Co unal Centre of Culture. #he ost attractive of the include. #his situation is one of the resort’s ain assets.

G9edalH and others provide treat ent for F@@ people. GS0y onH and G6elaviaH. #he southern part of the 7rosno 9istrict is situated in the ountains and valleys of the 'ower (eskid Mountains. then a ere settle ent.Sanatoriu facilities All sanatoriu and recreational base in located in a scenic peninsula. #heir countryside is do inated by s all hills. when a far ing settle ent was established on a defensively set hill by the 6iver WisCok. and it is about EO k wide. Chork3wka. Wo)as03wka. in the $odkarpackei $rovince.    otor organ illnesses upper airways illnesses illnesses of the endocrine syste and of etabolis #reat ents provided. 7ro8cienko. Chork3wka. #he lowering stretches fro 1orlice in the west to as far as Sanok in the east Aappro. which. #he GSolinkaH Sanatoriu has a natural edicine centre.oothills. :n EDOD Cracow 9uke 'es0ek C0arny granted 'ubuski (ishop feudal )urisdiction. #he villages of the Wo)as03wka and 7orc0yna Co unes Ain the north of the districtB lie in the Str0y<owsko"9ynowskie . Scope of therapy. E@@ k B. 6y an3w. #hey have treat ent roo s and are adapted for people with otor disable ent.. such as G*aworH. #here are also holiday centre in the spa. where the . Sanatoria GSolinkaH. GElaH. cutting deeply into the waters of 'ake SoliLskie. #he district is co posed of J co unes. :wonic0 Idr3). Mie)sce $iastowe. #his range is the eastern ost part of the Western (eskid Mountains. the highest of which is Mount Sucha AQJE B near the village of C0arnor0eki.       peat and paraffin poultices kinetic therapy hydrotherapy inhalations underwater assages ineral saline and sulphur baths The 6rosno District #he 7rosno 9istrict lies in South"Eastern $oland. apart fro the bishopric’s properties. which is also the state border. #he co unes of *edlic0e. included 7rosno. 9ukla. runs along the hills of the ain Carpathian ridge. :n the id of the E? th century 7rosno beca e the property of Casi ir the 1reat and was given a town charter according to Magdeburg 'aw. 7orc0yna. 7rosno has the coat of ar s of the 9ukes of 7u)awia 'and. #he district’s southern border. G$lonH. *edlic0e. Mie)sce $iastowe and 7ro8cienko Wy<ne are situated in a vast lowering called 9oCy *asielsko"Sanockie. 6rosno@ a historical outline #he history of 7rosno dates back to the EE th century. Wy<ne.

Sienkiewic0 StreetB. 7ing WCadysCaw the 1reat did 7rosno a lot of good. :n EJ?? was blown up by the 1er ans Athis was also the fate of the synagogue. and D years later the attack of troops of #ransylvanian 9uke 1eorhe :: 6hk3c0i. (osnia. #hanks to their effort and genius the town was proudly called G'ittle CracowH. #ill EJF@ it was ho e to the State Music School in 7rosno. established in the EJth century. erected in about the id"EQth century. #here is also a 1othic painting on a board fro the latter half of the EQth century by *akub #rwaCy of Cracow. The 3ewish "e etery KkirkutL. sculptures and painters. :n E?SE. The "a$uchin "hurch and -onastery The Su9sidiary "hurch of St< Adal9ert . 7ing Casi r the *agiellonian founded waterworks in the town. #he town plays an i portant role in the cultural life of the region. depicting the 5oly Rirgin’s Coronation by the 5oly #rinity. 5er0egovina and :taly. which was situated in 5.. &nfortunately. now houses the $odkarpackie Museu . to 5ungary. The )ranciscan "hurch and -onastery has several fine chapels. which consu ed ost of the buildings. :n the id"EJth century the church was renovated and consecrated again in EOQS. Craft and trade bloo ed. #he chancel polychro e was ade in EOJJ by . Sites of %nterest@  The Parish "hurch of the Holy Trinity . renovated when 7rosno was the capital of the $rovince. #he artists of 7rosno are associated with the (ureau of Artistic E. Casi ir the 1reat ca e fro .rancis0ek 9anis0ewski. the inventor of the oil la p in EOQP. the Co unity Centre is also very active. #he town was situated along i portant trade routes leading to the (lack Sea. 1othic walls with (aro/ue orna entation and a (aro/ue belfry. #he $arish Church has a few beautiful chapels. The / aus "ha$el in 7let3wka Street The 0isho$’s Palace. #he town’s pearl is the historical old town co ple. whose graduates attain professor’s degrees at Cracow Acade y. #he high altar contains a painting by :talian painter 9olabelli. 'inen products ade in 7rosno were sold in :taly. it was abandoned and in danger of falling into decay. resulting in develop ent of trade and craft. whilst the preserved to bstones were used by an inhabitant of a nearby village to build a house. #he ESth century saw 7rosno’s heyday. The historical arcaded tene ents in the -arket SJuare .founder. :n EJ@P the church was co pletely reconstructed Awhilst preserving the general proportions of the previous churchB. #he 9istrict Museu has rich collections. 9uring WW:: a little bell was da aged and was not reconstructed afterwards. #he discovery of crude oil deposits contributed to the econo ic recovery of the region. #he second half of the EJth century saw an i pressive develop ent of weaving in 7rosno. #he difficult econo ic situation was ade even worse by the Swedish invasion of ESQQ. +ne ust note here the erits of :gnacy 2ukasiewic0. :n the years EPJJ and E?EQ the town received privileges fro hi . :t was then that first schools were set up. fairs and arkets were held. renowned architects. woodcarvers. #he town attracted any artists. #hanks to the efforts of *ewish        .hibitions. At the close of the EOth century. in ESOP the town suffered a big fire. 6ed 6uthenia and Silesia. #he &rban (ell is one of the largest in $oland.

#here are a nu ber of original structures and achines as well as boreholes. art. #he useu has depart ents of archaeology. established by :gnacy 2ukasiewic0. the Museu consists of a historic Manor fro the EO th century. #he wooden anor in 7rosno was then purchased by Eryk fro Winsen. education. The "raft -useu in 6rosno. #he origins of the building date back to the end of the E?th century. une The -ie+sce Piastowe "o "o une’s characteristic Mie)sce $iastowe is situated S k south of 7rosno on a beautiful hill APE@ B and at its foot. and lead southwards through 9ukla. &ntil ESDS it was the property and a te porary residence of bishops of $r0e y8l. the (ishop of $r0e y8l. they were regained and oved back to the ce etery. :t is the largest and a vary rare useu of this sort.. Sites of interest@ . with the special e phasis on 7rosno and its environs. EJ? international road goes fro the north. history of lighting. Kow it is the site of the :gnacy 2ukasiewic0 +il :ndustry +pen"Air Museu . accounting and a library. A historical outline #he first historical ention of the village dates back to EPQO.    activists. #he road fro the west. The -aria 6ono$nicka -useu in darnowiec near 7rosno. +ver the ten years of its e. as well as a range of drilling e/uip ent. The 'il %ndustry '$en!Air -useu in (3brka near 7rosno. (arwinek. #he 6iver 'ubat3wka flows through the western part of the village. Kow. #his used to the 5ungarian 6oute in the past. :t was situated within the grounds of the oil ine in (3brka. as far as the Slovakian border. #hey were donated to Maria 7onopnicka as the nation’s gift in EJ@P to ark the DQth anniversary of her writing work. but one can find here several interesting graves. :t gained palace features after e. #he na e of the village has changed over the centuries.hibits of functional craft fro the area of historic 1alicia. :n EOQ? the world’s first hand"dug oil well. history of glass and glass industry. a ining s ithy.tension and reconstruction in the first half of the ES th century. :n that year 7ing Casi ir the 1reat established the village of Miestce based on the 1er an law. altered at the end of the EJth century and a historic park of the area of over P ha. #he useu also presents the roots of the odern oil and gas industries. #he ad)ective G$iastoweH was added in EOJQ. #he Museu was started in EJSE. The Podkar$ackie -useu Aalso known as the Museu of +il 'a psB is situated in the old town in the for er (ishop’s $alace. fro 60es03w. #he useu has the original docu ents witnessing the ine’s origins and the growth of oil technology. fro *asCo through 7rosno leads to Sanok and further on to the (ies0c0ady or to the east to $r0e y8l and the $olish"&krainian border. ad inistration. where one can see EJth century oil wells. the useu focuses on asse bling and securing cultural achieve ents in the field of history of craft and industry and artistic handicraft of the region of South"Eastern $oland. Ma)or transport routes cross in the centre of the village.istence the Craft Museu has asse bled D thousand e. the ce etery is deteriorating. history.

#his pro oted the further growth of trade and craft. Archduke Albrecht 5absburg. craft developed. #here is also a railway line Str3<e % *asCo % 7rosno % Sanok % Iag3r0 with the passenger and goods station in Wr3blik S0lachecki. cloth akers. G+patr0no8NH. the governor appointed by 7ing 'ouis of 5ungary +riginally. with a shingle roof. butchers. A stone anor fro EFJE  A Keo"1othic parish church fro EOSD"EOOS  #he Keo"1othic 6o anes/ue Church of St. a for er spa chapel in the Keo"1othic style fro EJ@J"EJE@. tailors and bakers. A polychro e by well"known painter #adeus0 $opiel . Wadowic e % $r0e y8l % Medyka Ait is about EP@ k fro 6y an3w to the border crossing to &kraine in MedykaB and (r0o03w % 6y an3w % 9aliowa % (arwinek Ait is about DQ k fro 6y an3w to the border crossing to Slovakia in (arwinekB. was the founder of the spa. 6ey an. the history of 6y an3w Idr3) spa began. #hese include national roads. G$ogoLH. A historical outline 6y an3w was established according to the Magdeburg 'aw in EPFS thanks to the efforts of Silesian 9uke 'adislaus of +pole. #he town’s centre is at the crossroads of the country’s a)or lines of co unication. 6osalia The #y an5w "o "o une une’s characteristic 6y an3w is situated in the $odkarpackie $rovince. #he na e G6y an3wH was adopted during the reign of 7ing WCadysCaw *agieCCo and was derived fro the na e of the ad inistrator. a wooden historical church fro the EOth century Wrocanka % the Keo"1othic Chapel of St. :n the EQth and ESth centuries the town was given a nu ber of privileges by $olish kings to hold fairs and have its own trade yards. shoe akers. tanners. #he spa was visited by any outstanding guests. a wooden anor fro the early EOth century  #he village of Wrocanka. As a result of the develop ent of oil industry. Q k fro 6y an3w. StanisCaw WyspiaLski. 'eon 63<ycki. G$od MatkZ (oskZH 6y an3w Idr3). Apart fro trade. #he interior contains the furnishings of the previous church. wooden villas re e bering the early years of the spa. the #ransversal 6ailway 'ine was built erely ? k away fro the town. a wooden larch church fro EFPS"?@  #argowiska. E? k fro 7rosno. Earl StanisCaw $otocki. Michael the Archangel  #he village of #argowiska. furriers. The stone "hurch of St< Stanislaus the 0isho$ .tended 7li k3wka. the town was na ed G'adisslauiaH after the founder. the then owner of 6y an3w. G1oCZbekH. With the discovery of ineral springs in EOFS. the wooden "hurch of St< -ichael the Archangel fro EOQ?. #he richest guilds included. G'eliwaH. such as. as well as of s all"si0ed enterprises and services. 6y an3w was situated at the crossroads of the trade routes of $odkarpacie and 5ungary. GIofiaH. now e. surrounded by a stone wall. Sites of interest@    6y an3w Idr3).

a stone anor fro the EJth century (0ianka.republika. fro the id"EOth century.ine wooden buildings. the historical anor $ark 'ad0in. A historical outline #he spa has been known since the ESth century. now a school (aCucianka. a wooden #<"< church. which help in the treat ent of otor organs. www. :wonic0 Idr3) is visited by people who want to en)oy peace and /uiet and contact with nature.nartyry anow. the altar contains a E?th century crucifi. are attracted by its therapeutic /ualities and . now the 6<"< "hurch of the Assu $tion with an iconostasis fro the turn of the EFth and EOth centuries and the high altar fro EFOP. as well as the location far fro large cities and splendid. EO k fro 7rosno. #his is the largest spa in $odkarpacie and one of the oldest in $oland.kic0erapulawy. digestive and respiratory tract illnesses. :t is fa ous for its ineral waters. Kearby. the wooden tripartite. for erly a 1reek" Catholic church Wr3blik 7r3lewski. erected in the id"EJth century. www. for erly an orthodo. 7li k3wka. a $alace and $ark co $leN fro the MEth century. odern sanatoria. a stone church fro the MEth century. a network of hiking and cycling trails.pl $uCawy 13rne. the stone roadside shrine fro MOEC Athe oldest in the areaB 2a0y. 7r3lik $olski.dr5+ "o "o une’s characteristic :wonic0 Idr3) is a beautiful spa in South"Eastern. the no9le an’s anor of the (o)anowski fa ily Wr3blik S0lachecki. there is a graveyard with preserved historic to bstones Wr3blik 7r3lewski. #he church was built on a hill and separated fro the road by a strea . the wooden "hurch of the Holy "ross .pl 6y an3w Idr3). church fro the EJth century. unspoilt nature provide e.pl une The %wonic4 . east facing 'rthodoN "hurch of Holy &irgin’s Slu 9er. #he spa’s clients. . rheu atic. #herefore.cellent conditions for rela. with a shingle roof. destroyed as a result of co bat activities in EJ?? 7r3lik WCoski. a idst s all wooded ountains. 7r3lik WCoski. wooden cottages fro the MEth century Hiking trails Cergowa AFES B % 'ubatowa % :wonic0 Idr3) % 6y an3w Idr3) % $uCawy % #okarnia AFFO B A ain (eskidy Mountains trailB Ski!lifts    (aCucianka. the wooden historic "hurch of Holy &irgin’s 0irth. #he belfry contains a bell fro EQJJ.ation. www.wyciag"balucianka. not )ust fro $oland but fro all over the world. ruins of the stone 'rthodoN "hurch of St< :icholas.            7li k3wka.

#oday . a ong the rivers. which goes fro &stroL. go the sauna or gy . . #artar raidsB. wars. 'vov. through 7rynica.oothills. #he Classicist building was erected in EOPF. a salt cavern. 6y an3w Idr3). the town sustained destruction and isfortunes Aepide ics.t to the figure of Rirgin Mary. -ineral 0aths. Magura WZtkowska. designed by A elia IaCuska. +ne ust see the 'ld Palace. is a wooden building in the shape of an octagonal su er house. #he town has a population of over O thousand. #he 'ld Palace is the oldest spa building in :wonic0. with interesting architecture and stylish interior. A stone building fro EOJ@ rises above the *30ef spring.0a4ar1 villa. stands a wooden church fro the close of the EJth century. San. #he oldest of the is . (r0o03w regenerated due to trade contacts with such other towns as Sanok. #he areas around iwonic0 Idr3) are perfect spots fro which it is possible to e.plore whole $odkarpacie. #he clients ay spend their free ti e at the indoor and outdoor swi ing pools. ne. a cine a. one can go skiing as there is a ski"slope. 7rosno. erected between EOQJ and EOSE. A historical outline #he origins of (r0o03w date back to the E?th century. a band shell. fires. #he (r0o03w Co une is situated about Q@ k south of 60es03w and about D@ k north of Sanok. changed their original appearance due to the subse/uent reconstruction. :n winter. and G0a4ar1 0oarding House. Most of the villas in the spa were built in the so"called Swiss"style. Sites of interest #he -ain 0eskidy Trail runs here. :t lies on a popular traffic route running fro the heart of the country towards the (ies0c0ady Mountains. erected in EOPO. "ulture and S$ort #he spa life is associated with culture and sport. The 0r4o45w District #he (r0o03w 9istrict is situated in the central part of the $odkarpackie $rovince. Afterwards. as far as 5alic0 in the (ies0c0ady. which together with a fine clock tower was built around EOSS. culture and education is (r0o03w. #he E?th century saw the econo ic and cultural boo of the town on the 6iver Stobnica. #he historic centre of the old spa consists of EJ th century wooden buildings in the Swiss and 'ate"Classicist styles and. it houses the GWc0asowic0H cine a. play tennis or ride a ountain bike. designed by . 7o aLc0a. within the li its of the 9ynowskie . a nu ber of cafes. Another building of historic interest is the Hotel S$a House. The 'ld 0aths. Stobnica and WisCok. #he Classicist pavilion situated by the A elia and 3an s$rings. At the turn of the ES th and EFth centuries. the S$a House. #he only town in the district and also the centre of ad inistration. a idst rocks and a forest. near the historic centre. an old spa park. :wonic0 Idr3). ski"e/uip ent rental shop. #here are also.tourist character. +n the right side of the Strea :wonicki. play volleyball. #he new sanatoria are situated on the slopes. econo y.eliks 7siY<arski and built between EOF@"FQ.

#he historic church in 5ac03w is listed as &KESC+ world heritage. *asienica 6osielna. the (r0o03w parish incorporated the town of (r0o03w and its suburbs. :nside. after the first partition of $oland. &luc0. (etween EJS? and EJO@ the buildings were thoroughly renovated. 1olcowa. along with the vestiges of a park in 1rabownica Star0eLska. Kow.ire Safety Museu in Stara Wie8. whereas the pulpit is fro 'ate"6enaissance. now the (r0o03w Co unity Centre the 6ococo basilica in Stara Wie8. #he church and the presbytery are listed as &KESC+ world heritage. (li0ne is situated in the vast valley of the 6iver Stobnica.alconH 1y nastic Society in (r0o03w. 5u niska. (r0o03w fell under Austrian"5ungarian rule and its significance gradually di inished. #his is the oldest sacral wooden building in $oland. the Keo"1othic church in 1rabownica Star0eLska built between EJEP and EJDS with the furnishings oved fro an older wooden church with a EFth century altar    Hac45w #he village lies west of (r0o03w and east of 7rosno. :t stretches for F k along the 6over WisCok and has the area of DQ k D. 5ac03w’s other sites of historic interest include. an old anor park. (y the id"EJth century. I iennicaB the . #he village was established on this site by 7ing Casi ir the 1reat in EPSS.oothills. the only one in $odkarpacie and a ong $oland’s largest the for er +stas0ewski . 9o arad0. Sites of interest      the #own 5all in the (r0o03w arket s/uare. is a world’s uni/ue church and presbytery co ple. Within the li its of the village. the building of the for er G. :n EFFD. #he wooden $arish Church of All Saints has a defensive character and was probably built in the 1othic style in the EQth or ESth century. on a hill surrounded by trees. 5ac03w’s ost valuable building is the wooden church built at the turn of the E?th and EQth centuries. 5ac03w was a village established according to the 1er an 'aw and in the following centuries en)oyed growth and urbanisation. 5ac03w. #he first written reference of 5ac03w date fro EPQD. world’s uni/ue wooden churches ay be seen in the area A(li0ne. in the central"western part of the 9ynowskie . the building of the for er Missionaries’ College in (r0o03w. a stone outhouse fro the EO th century and a wooden hospital fro the close of the EJth century.a ily $alace fro the turn of the EO th and EJth centuries. the (aro/ue Collegiate Church in (r0o03w with rich interior dfcor. it is a pictures/ue village with the rich past and precious historic buildings. (ork3wka. #he church has a fra ework structure and a shingle roof.and even Cracow and 1daLsk. Stara WieP . there is a priceless polychro e. #he high altar and side altars co e fro the EOth century. at the 60es03w"(r0o03w road.. 0li4ne (li0ne is a village situated in the *asienica 6osielna Co une. $odlesie and Stara Wie8.

Chortkiv. #he outbreak of WW: halted the spa’s develop ent for a few years. both #ruskavets and whole 1alicia beca e part of the Austrian E pire. when a s all edical centre and ? guest houses were built here. Ihyto yr. Warsaw and RiennaB were built. #ruskavets beca e a spa in EODF. #he EJD@s and EJP@s saw active develop ent and new achieve ents of #ruskavets. 7iev. :n the first half of the EJ th century a nu ber of ineral springs were discovered in #ruskavets. north of the Eastern Carpathian foreland. 5istorically. (elcy. #ruskavets en)oyed a rapid growth^ villas. Cracow. #arnopol. History According to so e scholars. whilst the old ones were e. :vano". a hu an settle ent e. $rague AC0ech 6epublicB. JQ k fro 'vov. #aking into account archaeological research. hotels and guest houses were built.. 7us0niew AMoldaviaB. #hen. After WW:: the spa received unicipal rights. $r0e y8l A$olandB. a new railway station and a railway line Alinking #ruskavets to 'vov.tended and renovated. #he population of #ruskavets is DS. as well as deposits of ountain wa.Stara Wie8. Charkov. o0okerite.rankovsk. #he spa is fa ous ostly for the lowly ineralised water. which re oves stone fro kidneys. 9rohobych 6egionB. nor alises etabolis and i proves the function of the digestive tract. $o0naL. 7a ianets $odilskyi. So e believe that it ay co e fro the 'ithuanian na e of salt GdruskaH. Chernivtsi. (y EJEP #ruskavets was a very elegant $olish spa and in that year it was visited by ore than Q thousand people. #ruskavets lies in a /uiet and unpolluted area. A9out the town #he spa is J k fro 9rohobych. :t is one of Europe’s oldest and uni/ue spas. *asienica and 9o arad0. Since *anuary EJJJ. Within E k fro the basilica there is a nunnery established in the id"D@ th century.isted on the site of present"day #ruskavets already in ancient ti es. this is the original site of the village which later gave rise to (r0o03w.@@@ according to the data at E *anuary D@@S. there have been +ccupational #herapy Workshops organised in the village to help rehabilitate people fro the co unes of (r0o03w. Truskavets #ruskavets is a s all town in the south"west of &kraine A'vov 9istrict. :n the E@th and EEth centuries the #ruskavets district was part of 7iev 6uthenia. :n the years EJSQ"EJJ@ E@ new sanatoria were built in #ruskavets.#he village is fa ous for its Marian sanctuary situated on the site where the iraculous icon of 5oly Rirgin’s Slu ber appeared. #ruskavets has direct railway links to 'vov. :n EJPP the resort was visited by ore than EF thousand people. 7olo y)a. P?@"?@@ etres above the sea level. which contains endless resources of subterranean waters Afourteen natural springsB. +fficially. #he present church was built on the site of for er wooden churches. and in the E?th century it belonged to $oland. . a village on the 6iver Stobnica^ it borders with (r0o03w in the south. in EFFD. gall bladder. the na e of the spa is derived fro the +ld"&krainian forena e G#rushkoH. and bus links to 'vov. :n the early D@ th century. urinary and bile tract. 9nepropetrovsk. :t is situated in the scenic ountain valley of the 6iver Worotys0c0e Athe basin of the 6iver 9niesterB. others that it co es fro the na e of a bilberry. and then of the 5alych"Rolhynian 7ingdo .

Truskavets Town 'ffice ODD@@ i. #here are also a nu ber of science and research laboratories and three high schools. jklmnopqrs tlu. in a historic wooden villa G1oplanaH fro the end of the EJth century. . @@PO@"PD?"FQ?"DOF Truskavets -useu s The -useu of the Town of Truskavets #he useu was established on DJ 9ece ber EJOD. :t is dedicated to the work of world"fa ous folk artist Mychail (ilas. tel. #he seven roo s feature an interesting e. #ruskavets P 7ob0ar)a S/uare.cept MondaysB fro E@ a to S p Address. vwkxmuotmsno D &kraine tel. who lived and created in #ruskavets.or ore infor ation.cept SaturdaysB fro E@ a to S p .#here are SOJ registered businesses in the town. original ite s fro the history and life of people of the . #ruskavets E?Sic0owych StriCciw S/uare The -ychail 0ilas -useu #he useu was opened in EJJD.. Q"?D"PQ . @@PO@"PD?"FQE"??J fa. #he useu is housed in one of the ost beautiful parts of #ruskavets. :t is housed in a historic GSarius0H villa fro the early D@th century. Apart fro sanatoria and guesthouses. two clinics and two spa hospitals. situate din the town’s centre. A@PD?FB Q"@@"@D.hibition of docu ents. #here is a unicipal hospital and a polyclinic. please phone A@PD?FB Q"DD"PF Address. #he useu is open every day Ae. of which D@ are sanatoria and over D@ are guesthouses. #he useu is open every day Ae. the spa has two pu p roo s..oreland fro ancient ti es till present.

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