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BFC 31802 HIGHWAY ENGINEERING (SECTION 5) RIGID PAVEMENT DESIGN (PCA METHOD) EXAMPLE The design involves a four

-lane interstate pavement with doweled joints and no concrete shoulders. A 100 mm untreated subbase will be placed on a clay subgrade with a k value of 27 MPa/m. Other information include concrete modulus of rupture = 4.5 MPa, design period = 20 years, current AADT = 12,900, annual traffic growth rate = 4% and AADTT = 19% of AADT.

Solution

Step 1: Suggest a Trial Thickness for the PCC slab Trial thickness = 240 mm Step 2: Calculate Number of Trucks and determine the LSF Growth factor, G = (1 + r)0.5Y = (1 + 0.04)0.5x20 = 1.5 Assume directional distribution, D is 50:50, therefore D = 0.5 AADT (per direction) is therefore is projected to be 12,900 x 1.5 x 0.5 = 9,675. Lane distribution, L can be estimated from Figure 1, with projected AADT (per direction) = 9,675. Therefore, L = 0.81. AADT (per direction, on design lane) is therefore 9,675 x 0.81 = 7,837. Number of trucks on design lane during design period, T = AADTT x Y x 365 = (0.19)(7,837) x 20 x 365 = 10,869,919 trucks = 10,870 trucks per 1,000 For interstate highways, take load safety factor, LSF as 1.2.

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953 2 .675 30.52 Expected repetitions TA 21.23 90.110 64.654.853 235.83 21.58 1.351 106.83 Axle load (kN) 133 125 115 107 98 89 80 72 TANDEM AXLES Axle load (kN) 231 213 195 178 160 142 125 107 Expected repetitions TA 6.788 372.515 885.553 306.42 85.000 trucks (adjusted) A 1.77 5.27 81.92 9.306 42. SINGLE AXLES Axles per 1.083 Axles per 1.48 34.Step 3: Calculate the Expected Repetitions for single and tandem axles Use adjusted axle load data from Column 3 of Table 3.96 3.54 152.741 983.036 929.24 38.35 2.828 124.820 1.305 14.000 trucks (adjusted) A 0.94 11.67 28.969 422.

with k of subgrade = 27 MPa/m and subbase thickness = 100 mm: Therefore.61 Tandem axles = 2. with slab thickness 240 mm and k = 35 MPa/m: Equivalent Stress for: Single axle = 1. Interpolate from Table 1a (Untreated Base). k of subbase-sugrade = 35 MPa/m Interpolate from Table 4a (No Concrete Shoulder). No Concrete Shoulder).44 / 4.5 = 0.000) = 30. Fatigue Percent = 100*(Expected Repetitions/Allowable Repetitions) Sample calculation: For single axle load 160 kN with stress ratio factor 0.000 Fatigue Percent = 100*(6.0 % 3 .30 Step 6: Determine the Erosion Factor for single and tandem axles Interpolate from Table 5a (Doweled Joints. with slab thickness = 240 mm and k = 35 MPa/m: Erosion Factor for: Single axle = 2.35 Step 5: Calculate the Stress Ratio Factor for single and tandem axles Stress Ratio Factor = Equivalent Stress / Modulus of Rupture Stress Ratio Factor for: Single axle = 1.35 / 4.5 = 0.32.Step 4: Determine the Equivalent Stress for single and tandem axles Need to find k value of subbase-subgrade.44 Tandem axles = 1.305/21. allowable repetitions (obtained from Figure 5) = 21.32 Tandem axles = 1.80 Step 7: Run Fatigue Analysis by determining Allowable Repetitions and calculating Fatigue Percent Use Figure 2 to determine Allowable Repetitions.

000) = 2. Fatigue Percent = 100*(Expected Repetitions/Allowable Repetitions) Sample calculation: For tandem axle load 277 kN with erosion factor 2.2%) each does not exceed 100%. Since the total fatigue percent (85.Step 8: Run Erosion Analysis by determining Allowable Repetitions and calculating Damage Percent Use Figure 3a (Without Concrete Shoulder) to determine Allowable Repetitions.0%) and total damage percent (42. therefore the 240 mm slab thickness is adequate for the slab to withstand traffic loading throughout its design period.306/890.000 Fatigue Percent = 100*(21.4 % Step 9: Comment on the adequacy of the thickness based on Total Fatigue Percent and Total Damage Percent. allowable repetitions (obtained from Figure 6a) = 890.80. 4 .

/ No . Erosion factor : 11. . 10. Erosion factor : Total = Total = 5 . Equivalent stress : 12. k: Modulus of rupture.Rigid Pavement Design Worksheet Project : Trial Thickness : Subbase-subgrade. Stress ratio factor : Tandem Axles 13. 8. mm MPa/m MPa Doweled joints : Yes Concrete shoulder : Yes Design period : years / No . Stress ratio factor : Single Axles . Equivalent stress : 9. MR : Load safety factor. Axle load (kN) 1 Multiplied by LSF 2 Expected repetitions 3 Fatigue analysis Allowable repetitions 4 Fatigue percent 5 Erosion analysis Allowable repetitions 6 Damage percent 7 . LSF : .