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The Book of Numbers:

Num 1:1-g And YHVH spole to Moses in the uilderness o[ Sinci, in the
tcbernccle o[ the conqreqction, on the [irst dcu o[ the second month, in the
second uecr c[ter theu hcd come out o[ the lcnd o[ Equpt, scuinq, (z) Toke the
sum o[ oll the congregotion o[ the sons o[ 1sroel, occording to their
[omilies, hg their [others' house, uith the numher o[ nomes, eoerg
mole hg their heods, (() [rom tuentu uecrs old cnd upucrd, cll thct cre
cble to qo [orth to ucr in Isrcel. You cnd Acron shcll number them bu their

Moses was told to “lift up the heads” of the people of Israel, the Hebrew phrase
“nasa eth rosh” that is translated as ‘take the sum of the congregation’ as in a
census. The phrase ‘lift up the heads’ is a Hebraic way of honouring someone,
elevating them and to be counted as YHVH’s people and to be promoted. What
greater honour is there as that? Another phrase is used in verse 2 ‘every male by
their heads’, the Hebrew word is “gulgoleth” which is the word from where Golgotha
gets it’s name. Why would YHVH use this word for ‘heads’ instead of the normal
word for head namely “rosh”? When YHVH inspired this word here He had in mind
what will happen a thousand years later where He will elevate and honour His
people, calling them by each by their name through the work of the Messiah on the
Stake (cross) on Golgotha.

Altar Dedication

1. Numbers 7 – What thoughts come to your mind as
you read about these offerings given during this
solemn ritual? What spiritual points from this
account can be applied to ourselves today? Where
do you see the Stake (cross) represented here?

The root word for Altar is “zabach” and means: sacrifice,
to kill, to slaughter, to slaughter in divine judgment. The
dedication of the Altar happened over a period of 12
days, a day for every tribe. They did a lot of Sacrifices.

Sacrifice is the Hebrew word “qorban” that means ‘an offering, gift, to draw
near, approach.’ They presented Gifts unto YHVH in the form of animal sacrifices as
a sign of worship unto Him so that they can draw closer to Him. Sin is the reason for
separation and the sacrifices are the “gifts of peace” to allow us to come into the
presence of the Almighty. How do you feel when someone gives you a gift?

The Sacrifices and dedication rituals were very complex and detailed and this shows
us that YHVH is very complex and detailed. There are 5 types of Sacrifices, 2 were
obligated and 3 were voluntary. This sin offering and cleansing offering were
obligated and these are the two that Y’shua fulfilled on the Stake (cross). The other
three offerings; Peace, Meal and Elevation of Burnt offering are Gifts of Worship unto
YHVH and were not obligated. The first two are to enable you to approach the
Father, to cleanse you and to take away your sin so that you can draw near and offer
up the three voluntary gifts of worship.

In context of what Y’shua did for us is that Hi Sacrifice is for us to be cleansed and so
that we can draw near into the presence of the Father. The number 2 means
“Restoration of Relationships” and these two Sacrifices restored our relationship with
our Father. These two sacrifices relate to the Brazen Altar (sin offering) and the
Laver (Cleansing Offering)

1. Chatah: 7xD| Sin Offering (Lev_4:1-35)
• Obligated - Work of the Messiah – Repentance/
Forgiveness - Brazen Altar
• Offering for sin committed out of ignorance, not for willful sin.

2. Asham: C*x Guilt Offering or Cleansing Offering (Lev_5:6-19)
• Obligated – Baptism/Mikvah/Spirit– Laver

These two Offerings are “Gifts” form YHVH through His Son Y’shua to enable us to
draw near and to present the other three offerings or worship unto Him in the Holy
Place. You cannot worship Him unless you have done these two Offerings
before Him. These two are obligated and are known as Rebirth and Baptism.

Joh g:g Y'shuo onsuered, Trulg, trulg, 1 sog to gou, Unless o mon is
horn o[ uoter ond the Spirit, he connot enter into the kingdom o[

The number three represents “Covenant” and we as Covenant people may come into
the presence of our Father to offer Him Gifts of Worship. These three offerings
represents different places in the Sanctuary:

3. Zebach Sh'lamim: C** Peace Offering (Lev_3:1-17)
• No obligation – Spirit of YHVH – Menorah
4. Mincah 7|1C Food and Drink Offerings (Lev_2:1-16)
• No obligation – Word/Law - Table of 8howbread
5. Olah: 7*¸ Burnt Offering or Elevation Offering (Lev_1:1-17)
• No obligation – Prayers/Communication – Altar of ¡ncense

These three represents our relationship with our father in the Holy Place. They are
represented by the Showbread (studying His Word) in the light of the Spirit
(Menorah) as well as through your communication and prayers (Golden Altar of
insense). The Tabernacle gives us a Pattern on how to approach YHVH and the
steps are as follows:

1. You enter in through the Gate, which is Y’shua, the Door and the Way to the
2. The first object you face is the Brazen Altar, which is a symbol of accepting
the Sacrifice of the Lamb of YHVH and forgiveness of your sins through
3. The next step is to get Baptised and this is symbolised by the Laver and the
cleansing water. This is where you receive His Spirit and this qualifies you to
enter into the Holy Place.
4. The Holy Place is a Place of Intimacy, where one person goes in at a time.
Inside is the Showbread (Word of YHVH), the Menorah) Spirit of YHVH, and
the Golden Altar of Incense (your prayers). This is where you live out your
personal relationship with Him.
5. Between you and the Father’s Presence is the Veil or Y’shua Who is the Way
to the Father. No one enters into the presence of the Father unless He comes
in through the Son. Inside the Holy of Holies is the Ark of the Testimony of
YHVH containing His Commandments, the Rod of Aaron and a flask of
manna. This is the symbol of the Throne of YHVH in the presence of man.

Communion with YHVH

Exo zg:zz And I uill meet uith uou there, cnd 1 uill commune uith gou
[rom ohooe the mercg-seot, [rom hetueen the tuo cheruhs on the ork
o[ the testimong, o[ oll things uhich 1 uill gioe gou in commondment
to the sons o[ 1sroel.

Communedavar" - 'to arrange, order, words, to speak, teach, answer,
declare, pasture, plague, pestilence

Commandment – 71L "tsavah" - to give charge, to set in order.

The Commandments that is given when Moses Commune with YHVH has similar
meanings in the fact that YHVH wants to set things in order, His Order. He does
this through the medium of Words in the form of:

• Teaching us,
• answer our questions
• declare His Truth and Word and Commandments.

He will answer when you ask a question, He will declare truths, He will direct your
actions and your life will be set in order if you listen to Him, ask questions and do
what He says. We that say that we are His sheep feeds on His "davar" or
pastures and He is the source and we are souly dependant upon Him.

The Commandments were inside the Ark, under the mercy seat and YHVH’s
mercy is given to us through His Commandments and we can only access it
through the Blood of the Messiah (blood sprinkled on Mercy Seat) and we have
to live out His Commandments having mercy for others. We should not use the
Word which is a Sword, to stab our brother to death, judging them, we should use
the Sword of the Word against the enemy.

Num ¬:So And uhen Moses hod gone into the tohernocle o[ the
congregotion to speok uith Him, then he heord the ooice o[ One
speoking to him [rom the mercg-seot on the ork o[ testimong, [rom
hetueen the tuo cheruhs. And He spoke to him.

2. Imagine what kind of an experience it would be to have such a close
encounter with YHVH as Moses had. What makes you think that you
wouldn’t be destroyed completely where you get too close to Him?

YHVH spoke to Moses in the Tabernacle, face to face. Moses was one of the
greatest Prophets who ever lived because he was the most humble man that
ever lived. This is the key of getting close to YHVH; humility.

YHVH’s presence is like a consuming fire and His Holiness will devour everything
that is full of sin. Why didn’t He consume Moses, surely he was not without sin?

I believe Moses was in the Holy Place and YHVH’s full presence was in the Holy
of Holies and between them was the veil. The veil represents Y’shua, the
mediator between YHVH the Father and man. When Y’shua died, the veil was
torn as a symbol of His death as well as a symbol that we can directly talk with
the Father, but through the Blood of Messiah.

3. In what sense can you today get even closer to the presence of YHVH? How
did Y’shua made this possible?

Heh a:1a-1o Since then ue hooe o greot High Priest uho hos possed
into the heooens, Y'shuo the Son o[ Elohim, let us hold [ost our
pro[ession. (:=) 1or ue do not hooe o high priest uho connot he
touched uith the [eelings o[ our in[irmities, hut uos in oll points
tempted just os ue ore, get uithout sin. (:ó) There[ore let us come
holdlg to the throne o[ groce, thot ue mog ohtoin mercg ond [ind
groce to help in time o[ need.

The High Priest back in the days of Moses had to be sinless and to do this he had to
undergo a process of serious cleansing and had to make offerings. If he had any sin
whatsoever of found to be unclean, he would drop dead in the presence of YHVH
inside the Holy of Holies. The people had put their faith in the High Priest, to be
sinless and to enter in successfully so that he could present the blood before the
Father and make Atonement for them.

Y’shua is Elohim and He is sinless and how much more can we have faith in His
perfect work in presenting His Blood before the Father so that we can receive His
Atonement for our sins and find Grace before Him. By the work of the Messiah He
has opened the way to the Father where we can come to Him through true
repentance and receive His grace and forgiveness.

Our Communion with Him in this context is the fact that we can approach Him
to ask forgiveness and receive His Grace and Forgiveness.

Light in the Sanctuary

There was no natural light in the Holy Place and the only form of light was through
the Menorah.

Zec a:1-o And the cnqel thct tclled uith me ccme cqcin cnd cuclened me, cs
c mcn thct is cuclened out o[ his sleep. (z) And he scid to me, Whct do uou
see? And 1 soid, 1 see, ond hehold, o lompstond, oll o[ it gold, ond o
houl on its top, ond its seoen lomps on it, ond seoen pipes to the
seoen lomps on its top: (() cnd tuo olite trees beside it, one on the riqht o[
the boul, cnd the other on the le[t o[ it. (a) And I cnsuered cnd spole to the
cnqel uho tclled uith me, scuinq, Whct cre these, mu mcster? (=) Then the
cnqel uho tclled uith me cnsuered cnd scid to me, Do uou lnou uhct these
cre? And I scid, No, mu mcster. (ó) Then he cnsuered cnd spole to me, scuinq,
This is the Word o[ YHVH to Zeruhhohel, soging, Not hg might, nor
hg pouer, hut hg Mg Spirit, sogs YHVH o[ Hosts.

Reo a:z-g And immediotelg 1 hecome in spirit. And hehold, o throne
uos set in Heooen, ond One sot upon the throne (=) And out o[ the
throne come lightnings ond thunderings ond ooices. And seoen
lomps o[ [ire uere hurning in [ront o[ the throne, uhich ore the seoen
spirits o[ Elohim.

1so 11:z And the Spirit o[ YHVH sholl rest on Him, the spirit o[
uisdom ond understonding, the spirit o[ counsel ond strength, the
spirit o[ knouledge ond o[ the [eor o[ YHVH.

4. What insights do the following texts give as to the meaning of the Menorah?

The Menorah or Seven branch lamp stand
represents the Spirit of YHVH as seen in seven attributes detailed
in Isa 11:2. These seven attributes of YHVH’s Spirit changes us and are
also the seven steps we go through in our relationship with Him. We start of as a new
born believer entering into the first two stages; we come to the knowledge of Him
and we learn to fear and respect Him. As we grow Spiritually we go through the
next phase of our relationship with Him; He give us the Strength to follow His
Counsel or Commandments. Lastly we enter into the mature phase of our
relationship with him; He gives us wisdom and understanding.
As we learn and live out His Commandments we gain wisdom about life and about
our Father and this gives us a better understanding of Him as well as His Plan and
Will for man.

The Menorah was the only light in the Holy Place and represents the Spirit of YHVH.
The Showbread represents the WORD of YHVH and you can only see the Word and
read the Word in the light of His Spirit. YHVH’s Spirit reveals His Word to us and
takes away the spiritual blindness (darkness) regarding His word.

Dedication of the Levites

5.1. Numbers 8:6-26 describes the dedication of the Levites to their special
work in the service of YHVH. What points impress you regarding this service?

Numbers 8 describes how the first born of the Egyptians were slain and taken for
YHVH as a offering and since then the first born of every Israelite was to be given
unto YHVH as a gift or offering unto Him. Instead of taking every firstborn of the sons
of Israel, He commanded that the Tribe of Levi be dedicated and set apart to act in
the place of the firstborn of Israel and to present offerings unto YHVH on behalf of
the first born of Israel. If you do not choose Him, you will become the sacrifice and
have to die for your own sins, just like the Egyptians. If you chose Him, then you will
become dedicated (offer yourself up) to do service unto Him (spiritual sacrifices).

Offer up (Dedication) Offering (Sacrifice)
The righteous offer themselves up and
are set apart.
The unrighteous does not accept the call
and become the offering/die
100% Dedicated Death
Gift to High Priest (Priesthood) Gift as a Sacrifice (qorban)

In other words, the first born of Israel also had to die because of sin that entered into
the world but YHVH chose the Levites in their place. Instead of the Levites being
offered up YHVH initiated the sacrificial system so that the Levites can offer up
animal sacrifices in the place of the first born of Israel.

This teaches us that man needs to die for the sin in this world but YHVH initiated the
“system of grace” which is the Sacrificial System so that animals can shed their blood
in our place. Later on Y’shua, the “First Born” of the Father came to die on behalf of
us all so that we might receive Atonement for our sins forever.

5.2. What does this teach us about holiness, sin, purification, and about
dedication to YHVH?

It also teaches us that YHVH is Holy and that man can only be restored back into the
presence of the Father when the price is paid in blood. Why is this, why blood?

Sin came into this world through Satan’s lies and brought death upon man. All of this
needs to be restored back to it’s original state by replacing the LIE with TRUTH. This
is seen in a Hebrew Word Picture. Death is the word “muth” D1C YHVH had to face
death (represented by an Aleph x) and by doing this it changed the word “muth” to
“emeth” DCx or ‘Truth’.
Y’shua is the Truth and He not only defeated death, He also defeated the lies of
Satan and by believing and applying His Truth, you will not have to face death your
self, your death will also change into Truth when you accept His Gift or Sacrifice.

The Levites were set apart (Holy) to do service in the Temple. Service in Hebrew is
the word “abad” ¨D¸ and means “serve, bondservace, to work, worship”. To
work and to worship is one and the same concept and cannot be separated. We
worship YHVH in everything we do because we do it through applying His
Commandments to everyday life, not trying to sin.

5.3 What principles can we take away from this for our own lives today,
regardless of whatever role we play in YHVH’s service?

1Pe z:g-1o gou olso os lioing stones ore huilt up o spirituol house, o
holg priesthood, to o[[er up spirituol socri[ices occeptohle to Elohim
through Y'shuo the Messioh. (ó) There[ore clso it is contcined in the
Scripture: "ßehold, I lcu in Zion c chie[ corner Stone, elect, precious, cnd he uho
belietes on Him shcll neter be cshcmed." (;) There[ore to uou uho beliete is
the honor. ßut to those uho cre disobedient, He is the Stone uhich the builders
rejected: this Dne ccme to be the Hecd o[ the corner,
(8) cnd c Stone-o[-stumblinq cnd c Rocl-o[-o[[ense to those disobeuinq, uho
stumble ct the Word, to uhich theu clso uere cppointed. (o) But gou ore o
chosen generotion, o rogol priesthood, o holg notion, o people [or
possession, so thot gou might speok o[ the proises o[ Him uho hos
colled gou out o[ dorkness into His moroelous light: (:o) uou uho then
uere not c people, but nou the people o[ Elohim, those not pitied then, but nou

According to 1 Peter 2, we are the Temple of YHVH with our Messiah as the Corner
Stone. We are also the Holy Royal Priesthood with our Messiah as the High Priest.
We serve with Him in the Holy Temple (Congregation and Body of Messiah) in unity
together to help people to come in and accept His Atoning Blood that will save their
souls. We do service in this “Temple” together as members of One Body to bring
many in so that they can become part of this Holy Nation called Israel. Our Offerings
are our praises of Him and our prayers for the people who are lost, witnessing for
Him and to teach people the Truth so that they can be set free from Sin and Death.

6. Keeping the principles in mind seen in this ceremony, how do we
understand what Paul says in Romans 12:1? How can we be a “living
sacrifice”? What does it mean in our daily lives?

We have seen that we are the Temple, we are also the Body of Messiah and the
Holy Priesthood. We see in Romans that we are the sacrifice as well. This is after the
pattern the Messiah gave us; He is the Temple, He came in His Body to serve us and
to become our High Priest and Sacrifice. To understand what “living sacrifice” means
we have to look at what Y’shua’s Sacrifice means. He gave Himself 100%, even unto
death and so must we give our selves 100% and even unto death to do the service
required in His Holy Temple.

Num S:1o 1or theg ore uhollg gioen to Me [rom omong the sons o[
1sroel, insteod o[ those thot open eoerg uomh. The [irst-horn o[ oll
the sons o[ 1sroel, 1 hooe token them to Me.

All the first born of Israel belongs to YHVH, they are Gifts unto Him and they need to
dedicate their lives and service unto Him. The Levites were chosen to be substitutes
for the first born of Israel and we are chosen to be as substitutes for the people in the
world, to serve as a Holy Priesthood for the salvation of many.

Num S:1o And 1 hooe gioen the Leoites os o gi[t to Aoron ond to his
sons [rom omong the sons o[ 1sroel, to do the seroice o[ the sons o[
1sroel in the tohernocle o[ the congregotion, ond to moke on
otonement [or the sons o[ 1sroel, so thct there mcu be no plcque cmonq the
sons o[ Isrcel uhen the sons o[ Isrcel come necr the scnctucru.

The Levites were regarded as “Gifts” to Aaron. As we have seen before, “Gift” also
implies Offerings and Sacrifices and this means that the Levites were to offer up
themselves 100% to Aaron for service in the Temple for the benefit of the people.
Aaron was the High Priest and is a picture and foreshadow of Y’shua our High Priest.
We have seen that we are the Holy Priesthood or Levites that are now given as
“Gifts” or “Living Sacrifices” unto our High Priest Y’shua to serve in the “Temple”
(Body) for the benefit and salvation of the people.

7. What is meant by the phrase that the Levites were to “make an atonement
for the children of Israel”? How are we to understand this in light of the Stake

Heh o:zg-zS Nor get thot He should o[[er Himsel[ o[ten, eoen os the
high priest enters into the Holg o[ Holies eoerg geor uith the hlood o[
others (zóJ ([or then He must hooe su[[ered o[ten since the
[oundotion o[ the uorldJ, hut nou once in the end o[ the uorld He hos
oppeored to put ouog sin hg the socri[ice o[ Himsel[. (z;) And cs it is
cppointed to men once to die, but c[ter this the judqment, (z8) so Messioh
uos once o[[ered to heor the sins o[ mong. And to those uho look [or
Him He sholl oppeor the second time uithout sin to solootion.

The Levites were the Priesthood that served with the High Priest in the Temple. Once
a year they performed sacrifices for atoning for the sin of the nation on the Feast
called Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement. By performing this service with the High
Priest, they made atonement before YHVH for the Nation of Israel. According to
Hebrews, Y’shua is the High Priest Who entered into the Holy of Holies and
presented His Blood before the Father and sprinkled it on the Mercy Seat. This was
done only once to atone for all mankind in every generation and if you accept
Y’shua’s Sacrifice, you will receive His Atonement. This does not mean that the
Sacrificial System (Grace) is abolished because it will annul the Sacrifice of Y’shua
as well. The Sacrificial System is still in tact and active for you to receive Atonement,
not through the blood of animals, but through the blood of the Son of Elohim.

8. Though certainly nothing we do can make any kind of atonement, how can
we, by doing our duties, work as the Levites did on behalf of the people? What
are you doing in your congregation for the betterment of the assembly and its

You must understand that you as a believer in Messiah is now one of the Levites and
part of the Priesthood.
You need to give yourself 100% (living sacrifice) in dedication as a Priest, as a gift
unto your High Priest Y’shua the Messiah, in the service of YHVH in His Body
(Assembly) for the benefit and atonement for people outside of the faith. You do
spiritual sacrifices by speaking the praises of Him; proclaiming His Truth, proclaiming
His Character and Plan and giving your own personal testimony what He did for you.
You must also become a living stone in his Temple (Body of Messiah) so that His
Presence and full stature may be evident in the Assembly as you and your fellow
brethren function as one unit representing the Messiah in your community. You do
this by expressing the Gifts and Fruit of His Spirit within your Assembly to give life to
His Body.

Gifts: Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Teachers, Shepherds/Pastors, workers of
miracles and faith, helpers, hospitality and administration, tongues and interpretation,
discernment of Spirits and encouragement, word of knowledge and word of wisdom.

Fruit: Love. Joy, peace, patience, goodness, kindness, faithfulness, gentleness and
self control.

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