DENTAL MATERIALS M1 HYDROCOLLOID • Can take impression in the presence of undercuts and teeth Elastic impression materials Uses

: 

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Thicker consistency Less flow property

STICK or CAPSULE • • Syringe material Weaker to withstand withdrawal force Thinner consistency High flow property

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COLLOIDS •

For restorative cases (inlays, onlays) For prosthodontics cases (partial denture) For orthodontics cases Reversible hydrocolloid used as duplicating material for cast Irreversible hydrocolloid used as a secondary impression material  o

• • Components:  AGAR • •

Main component Polysaccharide coming from series

WATER • Main component by weight 70-85%

Either solid or liquid state Temperature higher than 43°C makes the colloid liquid SOL Temperature lower than 37°C makes the colloid solid GEL 

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BORAX

primary role: improves viscosity of SOL and improves strength of GEL delays the setting of the cast (incidental only)

• 2 TYPES OF HYDROCOLLOIDS • REVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOID

K2SO4 • Counteracts the retarding action of Borax Agar impression is first immersed in 2% K2SO4 to create a film on the impression to prevent direct contact

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a.k.a. AGAR Can be converted back to original form For double impression technique Manner of hardening: THERMOPLASTIC Elasticity: ELASTIC Impression tray used: WATER-COOLED TRAY 

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GLYCERIN • • Plastisizer Improves workability

Manner of withdrawal: SUDDEN PULL Dispensing form: GEL  TUBE • • Tray material Stronger to withstand withdrawal force

HCl + THYMOL • • Antibacterial agent Removes molds

ALKYL BENZOATE • Prolongs storage life

COLORING PIGMENTS

Helps ease the reading of impression material

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Good flow property Tear strength: 4psi o Must have 3mm thickness of agar gel inside the tray to prevent the tearing of the material

FILLERS • • Improves strength of gel Hardening agents: wax, silica, rubber, inert powder, clay, talc, diatomaceous earth

Compressive strength: 35.6psi Elasticity: 98.8% (more elastic than alginate)

MANIPULATION OF AGAR: HYDROCOLLOID CONDITIONER • Water bath with 3 compartments having different temperature - Rosette Go 010909 

LIQUEFYING TEMPERATURE A 98 - 100°C 10mins

STORING TEMPERATURE B 64 - 68°C No specific time

TEMPERING TEMPERATURE C 44 - 48°C 2mins

GELATINATION TIME – setting time DUPLICATING FLASK • Has base, body and cover

*Manner of withdrawal must be parallel to the axes of the remaining teeth to prevent damage

*Cast must be constructed immediately after being removed from the patient’s mouth

PROPERTIES OF REVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOID;

not dimensionally stable because they undergo shrinkage and expansion o SYNERISIS


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Giving off of water to the environment leading to shrinkage

IMBIBIITION

Taking in of water from the environment leading to expansion

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