G EO M ETR IC D IM EN S IO N IN G

FAC TS TO R EMEMB ER
M

S Y M B O L S , R U L E S , A N D G U ID E L IN E S
S YMB OL .500
M L

FAC TS TO R EMEMB ER
FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME: .005 M A B C TOLER ZONE TYPE A H J

AS S HOW N ON DR AW ING TOLER ANC E ZONE MMC LMC OR R FS DATUM US ED .005 .004 NO
M

FUNC G AG E US ED YES IF IS S TATED

Ð MMC Ð MAXIMUM MATER IAL C ONDITION: TYPE THAT C ONDITION W HER E A FEATUR E OF S IZE C ONTAINS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF MATER IAL W ITHIN THE S TATED LIMITS OF S IZE. EXAMPLE: MINIMUM HOLE S IZE AND MAXIMUM S HAFT S IZE. TW O PAR ALLEL LINES .004 APAR T OR C AN APPLY TO A FEATUR E OF S IZE.
L

TER TIAR Y DATUM (ONE POINT MIN) S EC ONDAR Y DATUM (TW O POINTS MIN) PR IMAR Y DATUM (THR EE POINTS MIN) MODIFIER FOR THE S TATED TOLER ANC E

S TR AIG HTNES S

.500 .004 FLATNES S DOES NOT APPLY NO TW O PAR ALLEL PLANES , .004 APAR T

Ð LMC Ð LEAS T MATER IAL C ONDITION: THAT C ONDITION W HER E A FEATUR E OF S IZE C ONTAINS THE LEAS T AMOUNT OF MATER IAL W ITHIN THE S TATED LIMITS OF S IZE. EXAMPLE: MAXIMUM HOLE S IZE AND MINIMUM S HAFT S IZE. .005 NO

D

S TATED TOLER ANC E DIAMETER S YMB OL (C YLINDR IC AL TOLER ANC E ZONE) G EOMETR IC C HAR AC TER IS TIC S YMB OL

R FS Ð R EG AR DLES S OF FEATUR E S IZE: THIS IS THE DEFAULT C ONDITION FOR ALL G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES . NO B ONUS TOLER ANC ES AR E ALLOW ED. FUNC TIONAL G AG ES MAY NOT B E US ED.

FOR M

.500 .004 C IR C ULAR ITY

.005

TW O C ONC ENÐ TR IC C IR C LES .004 APAR T

DOES NOT APPLY

NO

NO

B

B AS IC S ENTENC E S TR UC TUR E: W HEN US ING THE ENG LIS H LANG UAG E TO S AY W HAT IS IN THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME. YOU MAY US E THE FOLLOW ING C ONNEC TING W OR DS : .005 M DOES NOT APPLY NO NO E W ITHIN A B C R ELATIV E TO

Ð PR OJ EC TED TOLER ANC E ZONE: W HEN P THE S YMB OL IS S HOW N, IT MEANS THE S TATED TOLER ANC E ZONE IS EXTENDED B EYOND THE S UR FAC E OF THE PAR T, NOT W ITHIN THE PAR T. .500 .004
ST

.005

TW O C ONC ENÐ TR IC C YLINDER S .004 APAR T

Ð S TATIS TIC AL TOLER ANC E: A TOLER ANC E FOR A PAR T OF AN AS S EMB LY B AS ED ON THE R ES ULTS FR OM A S TATIS TIC AL C ALC ULATION. THE DES IR ED R ES ULT IS LAR G ER TOLER ANC ES . C YLINDR IC ITY .004 A
F

M

A TW O PAR ALLEL PLANES .004 APAR T A A YES IF YES
M

D G IS S TATED .004 A
M

EXAMPLE: THE POS ITION OF THE FEATUR E AXIS MUS T B E WIT HIN A .005 TOLER ANC E ZONE AT MMC R E LAT IVE TO DATUM FEATUR ES A, B , AND C .

Ð FR EE S TATE: THIS S YMB OL INDIC ATES THE PAR TS MUS T NOT B E R ES TR IC TED DUR ING INS PEC TION. PAR ALLELIS M A

OR L C AN APPLY TO A FEATUR E OF S IZE.

H J A YES IF A YES
M

Ð DATUM S YMB OL: THIS S YMB OL IS ATTAC HED TO A PLANE OR S IZE FEATUR E THAT MUS T B E C ONTAC TED FOR MAC HINING AND INS PEC TION.

D G H 90û .004 A 15û J
M

TW O PAR ALÐ LEL PLANES .004 APAR T A PER PENÐ DIC ULAR ITY

B ONUS TOLER ANC E: W HEN MMC IS S HOW N MODIFYING A PAR TIC ULAR TOLER ANC E, THE S TATED TOLER ANC E APPLIES ONLY W HEN THE FEATUR E B EING C ONTR OLLED IS AT MMC . THE B ONUS IS THE DIFFER ENC E B ETW EEN THE AC TUAL S IZE AND THE MMC S IZE AND MAY B E ADDED DIR EC TLY TO THE OR IG INAL TOLER ANC E. OR L C AN APPLY TO A FEATUR E OF S IZE. IS S TATED EXAMPLE: .500 .507 A YES IF ANG ULAR ITY A YES
M

Ð B AS IC DIMENS ION: THES E DIMENS IONS HAV E NO TOLER ANC E. THEY ONLY LOC ATE A TOLER ANC E ZONE.

OR IENTATION

.005 M A D G IS S TATED .004 H J OR L C AN APPLY TO A FEATUR E OF S IZE.

AC TUAL MMC TW O PAR ALLEL PLANES .004 APAR T 15û A B ONUS

.503 .500 .003 AT MMC THE HOLE MUS T B E POS ITIONED W ITHIN A C YLINDR IC AL TOLER ANC E ZONE OF .005 DIAMETER . AS THE EXAMPLE S HOW S , THE HOLE HAS DEPAR TED FR OM MMC B Y .003. THE .003 B ONUS TOLER ANC E MAY NOW B E ADDED TO THE OR IG INAL .005 ZONE FOR A TOTAL OF .008 TOLER ANC E. PR OFILE OF A LINE TW O LINES .004 APAR T ALONG TR UE PR OFILE DOES NOT APPLY MAY B E US ED OR MAY NOT NO C

Ð DIAMETER S YMB OL: THIS S YMB OL R EPLAC ES THE W OR D "DIAMETER ." IT S HOULD B E US ED ANYW HER E THER E IS A DIAMETER ON THE DR AW ING , AND W HEN A TOLER ANC E ZONE IS C YLINDR IC AL. TOLER ANC E ZONES : ALL TOLER ANC E ZONES S HOW N IN THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME AR E TOTAL. EXAMPLE: FLATNES S W ITHIN .004 MEANS THAT TW O PAR ALLEL PLANES NO MOR E THAN .004 APAR T DEFINE THE TOLER ANC E ZONE.

PR OFILE

.004 A

A1

D PR OFILE OF A S UR FAC E .004 A A A DOES NOT APPLY NO E F

Ð DATUM TAR G ETS : US ED TO LOC ATE S PEC IFIC POINTS , LINES , OR AR EAS ON PAR TS US ED FOR S UPPOR T FOR MAC HINING AND INS PEC TION C OMMONLY US ED ON R IG ID PAR TS LIKE C AS TING S AND FOR G ING S AND NON-R IG ID PAR TS MADE FR OM PLAS TIC , R UB B ER , OR S HEET METAL.

TW O PLANES .004 APAR T ALONG TR UE PR OFILE

MAY B E US ED OR MAY NOT

FUNC TIONAL G AG ES : DEV IC ES THAT MEAS UR E THE C OLLEC TIV E EFFEC TS OF S IZE AND G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES AT THE S AME TIME. IT R EPR ES ENTS A S IMULATED MATING C ONDITION. B ONUS TOLER ANC ES AND FUNC TIONAL G AG ES : DIR EC TLY APPLIC AB LE TO ANY G EOMETR IC C HAR AC TER IS TIC THAT IS MODIFIED B Y M . A C ONC ENTR IC C IR C LES A .004 APAR T

R UNOUT

DATUM R EFER ENC E FR AME: (THR EE PLANE C ONC EPT). THE C ONC EPT OF US ING MUTUALLY PER PENDIC ULAR FEATUR ES OF A PAR T TO C ONTR OL ITS FR EE MOV EMENT IN S PAC E (DEG R EES OF FR EEDOM). S EE DATUM S YMB OL AND DATUM TAR G ETS .

C IR C ULAR R UNOUT

R FS ALW AYS

YES

NO

B

.004 A

A TOTAL R UNOUT .250 .004 .014 M A B C FR EE MOV EMENT R ES TR IC TED MOV EMENT POS ITION A .620 C B .380

TW O C ONC ENTR IC C YLINDER S A .004 APAR T

R FS ALW AYS

YES

NO

E

S HIFT: AS A DATUM FEATUR E OF S IZE, THAT IS G EOMETR IC ALLY C ONTR OLLED, DEPAR TS FR OM MMC , ADDITIONAL TOLER ANC E MAY B E C ONS IDER ED FOR THE C ONTR OLLED FEATUR ES . THIS ADDITIONAL TOLER ANC E DOES NOT ADD DIR EC TLY TO THE OR IG INAL TOLER ANC E B UT MUS T B E APPLIED TO THE PATTER N OF FEATUR ES AS A G R OUP. IT IS C ONS IDER ED A TOLER ANC E THAT ALLOW S THE C ONTR OLLED FEATUR ES TO S HIFT AS A G R OUP.

.022 ZONE AT LMC
M

V IR TUAL C ONDITION: THE C OLLEC TIV E EFFEC T OF S IZE AND G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES THAT MUS T B E C ONS IDER ED IN DETER MINING THE FIT OR C LEAR ANC E B ETW EEN MATING PAR TS OR FEATUR ES . .014 ZONE AT MMC .620 .380 TR UE C ENTER YES IF YES
M

G H IS S TATED J

OR L C AN APPLY TO A FEATUR E OF S IZE. LIMITS OF S IZE R ULE: W HER E ONLY A S IZE DIMENS ION IS G IV EN. a) THE S IZE DIMENS IONS AT ANY C R OS S S EC TION MUS T B E W ITHIN THE S IZE TOLER ANC E. b) THE S UR FAC E(S ) S HALL NOT EXTEND B EYOND THE PER FEC T FOR M DEFINED B Y THE MMC S IZE. c) THE FOR M MAY V AR Y W ITHIN AN ENV ELOPE B ETW EEN THE MMC AND LMC .

TO C ALC ULATE V IR TUAL C ONDITION: EXTER NAL FEATUR ES : MMC S IZE + TOLER ANC E OF FOR M, OR IENTATION, OR LOC ATION INTER NAL FEATUR ES : MMC S IZE Ð TOLER ANC E OF FOR M, OR IENTATION, OR LOC ATION .004 A A C ONC ENÐ TR IC ITY A A A G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC E R ULE: G EOMETR IC TOLER ANC ES AR E UNDER S TOOD TO B E APPLIED R FS . IF MMC OR LMC IS R EQUIR ED, IT MUS T B E PLAC ED IN THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME. S EE MMC , LMC , OR R FS C OLUMN. .004 AR OUND DATUM AXIS A V IR TUAL C ONDITION W ILL EXIS T ONLY FOR TOLER ANC ES THAT C ONTR OL S IZE FEATUR ES .

LOC ATION

R FS ALW AYS

YES

NO

J

* THIS C OLUMN INDIC ATES POS S IB LE TOLER ANC E ZONES THAT MAY B E US ED W ITH THE V AR IOUS C ONTR OLS . THE DIFFER ENT TOLER ANC E ZONES AR E S HOW N ALONG THE B OTTOM OF THIS C HAR T. THIS C HAR T IS PR OV IDED FOR INFOR MATIONAL PUR POS ES ONLY. THE INFOR MATION IS B AS ED UPON AS ME Y14.5M - 1994. S YMMETR Y .004 A .004 EQUALLY DIS POS ED FR OM C ENTER PLANE R FS ALW AYS YES NO G H PITC H DIAMETER R ULE: TOLER ANC ES THAT APPLY TO S C R EW THR EADS APPLY TO THE AXIS OF THE THR EAD DER IV ED FR OM THE PITC H C YLINDER . IF ANOTHER PAR T OF THR EAD IS TO B E US ED TO DER IV E THE AXIS , IT MUS T B E S TATED B ENEATH THE FEATUR E C ONTR OL FR AME. ANY OTHER FEATUR E THAT HAS A PITC H DIAMETER MUS T HAV E THE DATUM FEATUR E S TATED. G ENIUM PUB LIS HING C OR P. ONE G ENIUM PLAZA S C HENEC TADY, NY 12304 C ompiled by : S ampreet A.

A

PAR ALLEL LINES

B

PAR ALLEL LINES

C

PAR ALLEL LINES

D

PAR ALLEL PLANES

E

PAR ALLEL PLANES

F

PAR ALLEL PLANES

G

PAR ALLEL PLANES

H

PAR ALLEL PLANES

J

C YLINDER ZONE

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