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School of Engineering- Spring 2013 (Jan-June 2013) Digital Electronics (EED 206) Credits 5 (3-1-1) Compulsory course for

EE, EC and CSE Majors Around 45 Lectures Course Coordinator Sonal Singhal, sonal.singhal@snu.edu.in Instructors Sonal Singhal: New Faculty Evaluation, Grading and Class Policy Component Quiz 1 Mid Sem Test Quiz 2 End Semester Examination Lab Evaluation Weightage 10 25 10 40 15 sonal.singhal@snu.edu.in

Exam schedule Tentative (any change will be announced in the Lectures): Quiz 1 Mid Sem Test Quiz 2 End Semester Examination First week of Feb second week of March First week of April May

Lab Evaluation: Lab evaluation will be done before Final theory exam.

Expectations from students Attend classes regularly. Work on the assignments/tutorials, It is also expected that no component is copied and submitted, if found so, strict action will be taken. Students are expected to appear in all the evaluation components, Make up exam will be allowed only under the following conditions a. Instructor has been informed by the student prior to exam for missing the exam and permission taken. b. For medical cases, medical certificate from registered doctor/University doctor will be required to be produced, and for medical cases also prior information to Instructor has to be given. c. Student misses exam due to situation beyond his/her control, reason for the same will be judged on case to case basis and if Instructor approves a makeup exam may be allowed. Although attendance is not a formal component of grading, a student is expected to maintain attendance as required by University rules. Not maintaining the same would attract penalty as per the university rules at that time.

Syllabus Overview Review of Boolean algebra, Karnaugh map and logical gates; Designing combinational circuits using gates and/or Multiplexers; Introduction to logic families: TTL, ECL, CMOS; PLA and FPGA; Sequential circuits: Flip Flops, Counters and Registers; Design of sequential circuits and applications, Pipelining and Timing issues; Memories, Wave shaping Circuits-555, Detailed Syllabus Unit 1 Number System and Boolean algebra Introduction to Number systems, Conversion of bases, Negative number representation, rs complements, arithmetic using complements, Weighted codes BCD, Excess 3, Gray, Alphanumeric codes. Introduction to Boolean algebra and Logic gates. Boolean function representation and Minimization techniques. Realization of expressions using AOI, NOR and NAND gates. Standard and canonical form representation, K maps. Unit 2 Combinational Logic Design Arithmetic circuits -Adders, Subtractors, Multipliers, and Comparators. Encoders, Decoders. Multiplexers, Demultiplexers. Design of combinational circuits using gates and/or Multiplexers, Code converters.

Unit 3 Sequential Logic design Memory, Latches, Flip flops- SR, JK, T, D, Master slave, Conversion of flip flops. Shift register and their applications. Counters: Synchronous and Asynchronous-Design using Flip flops, Sequential circuit design, Timing diagrams, State diagram, state reduction and assignments. Asynchronous Sequential circuits Design, State flow tables. Unit 4 Digital Logic families and Memories Introduction to ICs, Review of Transistor, RTL, DTL, TTL, ECL, I2L, Schottky, MOS and CMOS gates. Loading, Fan in, Fan out, speed, Noise margin, propagation delay and power dissipation conditions for logic families. Comparison of logic families, interfacing, Tri state logic. Introduction to memory- RAM, ROM, PROM, PLA, PAL, PLD, FPGA. Unit 5 Wave shaping circuits Linear wave shaping circuits, Schmitt trigger, Square wave generator, IC 555 based multi vibratorsApplications, clock circuits.

Text books: 1. M. Morris Mano and Ciletti M.D., Digital Design, 4th Edition, Prentice-Hall, 2006. 2. T.L. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 10th Edition, Pearson education, 2011. 3. A.P. Malvino and D.P. Leach, Digital Principles and Applications, 6th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2008 Reference Books: 1. R.P. Jain, Modern Digital Electronics, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. 2. M. Morris Mano, Digital Logic and Computer Design, PHI, 2005. 3. Taub and Schilling, Digital Integrated Electronics, McGraw Hill, International Edition. 4. R.J. Tocci, N.S. Widmer and G.L. Moss, Digital Systems Principles and Applications, 10th Edition, Pearson, 2011. List of Experiments 1) Introduction to Digital Electronics Lab: Nomenclature of digital ICs, Specifications, Study of the Data Sheet, Concept of Vcc and Ground 2) Verification of the Truth Tables of Logic gates using ICs. 3) To implement basic logic gates AND, OR, NOT using NAND and NOR gate.

4) Implementation of the given Boolean function using logic gates in both SOP and POS forms. 5) To realize Half adder, Full adder, and Half Subtractor using logic gates. 6) To realize and implement two bit magnitude comparator using basic logic gates. 7) To realize 4:1 Multiplexer using Logic gates. 8) To realize 2:4 Decoder using NAND gate and to realize Half Adder using 2:4 Decoder. 9) To Realize and verify the truth table of JK and T Flip Flop using NAND or NOR Gate and Verify the characteristic tables of JK flip flop Using IC-74LS76. 10) Design and implement a)MOD 8 and MOD 6 ripple counter using JK flip flop IC-74LS76 and b) Counter with counting sequence 1, 3, 5, 6, and 4 using IC-74LS76 with unused state next transition as state 1. 11) Using IC-555 in Mono stable and Astable mode, generate rectangular pulse of 1ms period with duty cycle 75% 12) Mini Project Regulations and Instructions to students 1. Reports are due every week at the beginning of the lab class as per the format decided. 2. For extra/incomplete work take time slot from the lab instructor. 3. You are required to be familiar with the location of the emergency trip switch in the laboratory. 4. You should take explicit permission if you have to leave during the lab. 5. You are required to be punctual, latecomers will be refused entry. 6. During the lab class, it is required that one student of the group is always at the work table once the experiment has started. 7. Carry tracing sheets for tracing the waveforms from the oscilloscope. 8. You should carry pen/paper/graph sheet/pencil/calculator. 9. Do not switch on the circuit/experiment until you have it checked once by lab technician/Instructor 10. At the end of the class hour check what you have to do for your next experiment, hand in all components issued to you for the lab, see that your lab observation copy has been signed by the Instructor/lab technician. 11. Use of mobiles is prohibited inside the lab.

12. Keep the work bench neat and tidy. 13. Copying of lab records is not allowed. If found, student(s) will be awarded zero for that experiment.