112 views

Uploaded by Muhannad AbdulRaouf

Geotech Engineering

- Design of Concrete Structures Worked Examples.pdf
- Structural Analysis and Design of Different types of Castellated Beam
- concrete frame design
- ENDPLMC9.xls
- 12D20106a Prestressed Concrete
- Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures QP-02
- JTO Civil Engineering 2009 Paper
- Beam End Connection Using Clip Angles Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD)
- Beam Curved
- Anchorage Design
- sed5rf6tghujok,pl.pdf
- Junior Engineer Civil Syllabus
- Placement of Loads
- Bulletin
- Beam Calculator Online (Calculate the Reactions, Draws Bending Moment, Shear Force, Axial Force)
- Section7.1, 7.2
- Is.456.2000 - Plain & Reinforced Concrete_Part5
- 9. Bar Bending Schedule for RCC Beam
- Single+reinforced+Simple+supported+Beam
- Hhhhhyyybgbfghdvbjjfbf

You are on page 1of 4

2 - Wall Footing Determine footing width, depth and reinforcement for the wall shown in Figure 9.7.2-1. Use factored rock reaction of qsf = 2000 kPa, f c = 35 MPa, and fy = 400 MPa. Factored wall load Pf = 4500 kN/m of wall. Calculations and Discussions: 1. 2. Required footing width: Assuming wf is negligible bf = 4500/2000 = 2.25 m Calculation of effective shear depth: ab = (2.25 - 0.5) / 2 = 0.875 m Assuming that ab < 3dv, (Clause 11.3.6.2 (b) of CSA A23.3) = 0.21 . The concrete shear resistance is v r = c fc , thus vr = 0.81 MPa. Factored shear at the critical section: Vf = qsf (ab - dv) Minimum shear depth from the maximum shear stress condition at the critical section is: thus the effective shear depth is vf = Vf /(1.0dv) = ( qsf ab - qsf dv)/(1.0dv); dv = (qsf ab)/(vf + qsf) = 0.623 m thus the assumption of ab < 3dv was correct. Therefore d = dv /0.9 = 0.692 m use d = 0.7 m. (Clause 11.3.6.3 of CSA A23.3 would give a = 0.14 value with the above dv.) 3. Flexural design: Check for deep beam action Clause 10.7 of CSA A23.3. ab /d = 0.875/0.7 = 1.25 < 2.0 thus deep beam action needs to be considered. The deep beam action will be assessed by two methods: Park and Paulays reduced lever arm method and the Strut-and-tie method.

3.1 Park and Paulays reduced lever arm method Lever arm: dVf / Mf = 2d/ab = 2(0.7)/0.875 = 1.6, thus z = 0.4(d + Mf /Vf) = 0.4 (d + ab /2) = 0.45 m Required reinforcement: As = M f /( s f y z ) = (0.5(0.8752)(2000103)/(0.85(400)(0.45)) = 5004 mm2/m Minimum reinforcement: Based on Clauses 10.5.1.2 (a) and 7.8 of CSA A23.3, and assuming the total depth of footing as tf = 700 + 75 (cover) + 15 (assumed half bar diameter) = 790 mm, thus use tf = 800, the required minimum reinforcement is: As,min = 1600 mm2/m, which is less than the calculated As. Maximum rebar size that can be developed into ab 0.075 = 0.8 m from Table 9.10 is max db = 25M. Reinforcement: Use: 25M @ 100 mm c/c BLL - HH (bottom lower layer, hooked-hooked) short direction 20M @ 175 mm c/c BUL (bottom upper layer) long direction Transfer of wall forces at wall base and development of wall reinforcement into the footing has not been checked in this example see Clause 15.9 of CSA A23.3. 3.2 Design Flexural steel based on strut-and-tie method Based on d = 0.7 m the total depth of tf = 700 + 75 + 15(half bar diameter) = ~800 mm, from steps 1 and 2, will be used for further design. Based on the force diagram on Figure 9.7.2-2, the compressive factored strut forces and

their corresponding tension (horizontal) components are summarized below. Strut A-J; I-L B-J; H-L C-J; G-L D-K; F-K E-K Angle () A = 40 B = 50.2 64.5 70.3 90 Compression - C - in strut kN Tension -T - kN TA = 500/tanA = 596 417 238 179 0

554 531 500

- Resultant tension forces in the tension reinforcement are therefore: Nodes A, I B, H C, G D, F E Factored tension force - T - kN 596 596 + 417 = 1013 1013 + 238 = 1251 1251+179 = 1430 1430

As = Tf /( s f y ) = 1.43106/(0.85(400)) = 4206 mm2/m

This is 84% of the reinforcement by Park and Paulays reduced lever arm method. Reinforcement: Based on the reinforcement development considerations in item 3.1, use: 25M @ 110 mm c/c BLL - HH (bottom lower layer, hooked-hooked) short direction 20M @ 175 mm c/c BUL (bottom upper layer) long direction Check capacity of struts: Strut A-J: hA = 250 sin40 = 161 mm; CA = 778 kN; TA = 596 kN Strain along the tension reinforcement in point A: See Figure 9.7.2-4 x = TA /( EAs ) = 0.596/(200000(50010-6)/0.11) = 0.65610-3 Principle tensile strain in the strut Clause 11.4.2.3 of CSA A23.3:

1 = x + ( x + 0.002 ) cot 2 s = 0.65610-3 + (0.65610-3 + 0.002)cot240 = 4.4310-3

Limiting compressive stress in the strut Clause 11.4.2.3 of CSA A23.3: fcu = fc /( 0.8 + 170 1 ) 0.85 fc

fcu = 35/(0.8 + 170(4.4310-3)) = 22.5 MPa < 29.7 MPa therefore stress level is acceptable. Strut resistance: Pr = c Ac f cu = 0.65(1)(0.161)(22.5) = 2.35 MN > 0.812 MN, thus strut capacity is adequate.

The other struts can be checked in a similar way; however strut A-J governs for fcu limit. Check nodal stresses:

Node K: Pf = 1500 kN; Ac = 1(0.167) = 0.167 m2 thus concrete stress is fc = 1.5/0.167 = 8.98 MPa. Limiting stress based on Clause 11.4.4.1 of CSA A23.3 is 0.85 c fc = 19.3 MPa > fc. OK. Concrete area (Ac) in node K was taken at the wall and footing interface. Nodes J and L: Acting compressive force (vector sum of strut forces CA, CB, CC) with angle B is CJ = 1500/sinB = 1952 kN. Strut depth hJ = (500/3)sin B = 128 mm. Concrete stress is fc = 1.952/0.128 = 15.24 MPa < 19.3 MPa. The above calculated nodal stress levels are the function of the assumed strut widths. For strain compatibility one could have assumed different strut widths at the column-footing interface, thus lowering or increasing the nodal stress levels. The strut widths could be adjusted to achieve equal stresses at nodes J, K and L. Ultimately Clause 10.8 of CSA A23.3 may be used for checking the stresses at the columnfooting interface. Transfer of wall forces at wall base and development of wall reinforcement into the footing is not checked in this example.

Table 9.10 Tension Development length, d (mm) for deformed reinforcing bars with fy = 400 MPa, for normal density concrete according to Clause 12.2.3 of CSA A23.3.

d = 0.45 k1 k 2 k 3 k 4 f c

MPa 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 64 10M 320 290 260 240 230 210 200 190 190 180 15M 480 430 390 370 340 320 310 290 280 270 20M 640 580 530 490 460 430 410 390 370 360 25M 1010 900 820 760 710 670 640 610 580 560

fy f c

db

Bar Size 30M 1210 1080 990 910 850 800 760 730 700 680 35M 1410 1260 1150 1060 1000 940 890 850 810 790 45M 1810 1620 1480 1370 1280 1210 1150 1090 1050 1010 55M 2210 1980 1810 1670 1570 1480 1400 1330 1280 1240

Notes: 1. 2. mm. The modification factor for bar size (k4) has been included in Table value. See Clause 12.2.4 of CSA A23.3 for other modification factors. After application of all modification factors, the development length must not be less than 300

- Design of Concrete Structures Worked Examples.pdfUploaded bygugi
- Structural Analysis and Design of Different types of Castellated BeamUploaded byIRJET Journal
- concrete frame designUploaded byMariana Suciu
- ENDPLMC9.xlsUploaded byskrai4u
- 12D20106a Prestressed ConcreteUploaded byBheema Surendra
- Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures QP-02Uploaded bymohammedzeeshan
- JTO Civil Engineering 2009 PaperUploaded bypradeep
- Beam End Connection Using Clip Angles Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD)Uploaded bycengiz
- Beam CurvedUploaded byMario Feghali
- Anchorage DesignUploaded bybee
- sed5rf6tghujok,pl.pdfUploaded byUlises Pinto
- Junior Engineer Civil SyllabusUploaded bygyana netra
- Placement of LoadsUploaded byamrelsayed
- BulletinUploaded byjamjam75
- Beam Calculator Online (Calculate the Reactions, Draws Bending Moment, Shear Force, Axial Force)Uploaded bymaterial man
- Section7.1, 7.2Uploaded bymamdudur
- Is.456.2000 - Plain & Reinforced Concrete_Part5Uploaded bypandey71087
- 9. Bar Bending Schedule for RCC BeamUploaded byladhytiaputra
- Single+reinforced+Simple+supported+BeamUploaded byARonald Perez
- HhhhhyyybgbfghdvbjjfbfUploaded bymtech structures
- Flexural Analysis of Pre-stressed ConcreteUploaded byBia Mughal
- Shear Strength of Prestressed Concrete GirdersUploaded byAshraf Mahmoud
- R05420105-PRESTRESSEDCONCRETEUploaded byvanamgoutham
- CE2306-LP.docUploaded bydrajkumarce
- Design for Shear (Part I)Uploaded bybemd_ali6990
- e102Ar2 SI Concrete Arch Bridge Tapering and Loads _v150__docxUploaded bynathan
- Oct 09Uploaded byFaiz Najid
- Robustness ExerciseUploaded byalexrodriguezabc
- Design Notes3 (6)Uploaded byAnkur Ghosh
- AD420 Min values of shear & bending moment in beam w web opening.pdfUploaded byalvin_yee_17

- Reinforced Concrete Design Concepts and Formulas, John M. RobbertsUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- CDG-(7)Uploaded byPrasad Ganesh Sansare
- حسام الحملاوى: السودان - الشمال، الجنوب، والثورةUploaded byالاشتراكيون الثوريون
- Karmakol cultural festivalUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Outrigger Design for High-Rise BuildingsUploaded byjatkinson2
- Quiality ManagmentUploaded byRichard More Leon
- AIT - Making Schools Safer for Earthquakes, Effectiveness of Retrofitting Case Studies From NepalUploaded byYan Naung Ko
- قانون التحكيم السودانيUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Reinforced Concrete Slabs GeneralUploaded byJr Bongabong
- e PathologyUploaded byMohammad Zehab
- How to Disproportionate CollapseUploaded byccapota
- 175162201-Book-AISC-14th-Edition-Student-Examples.pdfUploaded byJunar Amaro
- GCR 14-917-27_Analysis Research Program.pdfUploaded byRahul Karna
- rcc1.pdfUploaded bygendadeyu552625
- C InSights Gayer Oct091Uploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Safe and Sustainable Tall Buildings Current Practice and Challenges for the FutureUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- History of Nonlinear Seismic AnalysisUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Add 2 Nonlinear Analysis AdUploaded byuct
- Progressive Collapse Analysis of RC Buildings Using Linear Static and Linear Dynamic MethodUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Progressive Collapse 5Uploaded byLim Chintak
- APC of RC Building by Non-linear Static AnalysisUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- ASi-Collapse Analysis of RC AssembliesUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Solving non linear equationsUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- BIM for Govies-DLT SolutionsUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Lecture6.handout.pdfUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- tembankmentdam1Uploaded byMuhammad Hamza
- the-earth-is-full-1.pdfUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf
- Soil Sub-Grade ModulusUploaded byxbitman
- Autocad 2006 Keyboard ShortcutsUploaded byWinard Wantog
- water systems in sudanUploaded byMuhannad AbdulRaouf

- cc 2016 rpps8m fluencyUploaded byapi-334160100
- 2014 Navy Retention Study Report - FinalUploaded bydodretention
- 16 - Section HA - Heater & Air Conditioner netUploaded byPoliacov Andrei
- Rel-04_description_20100214.docUploaded bySagar Abhiwant
- D 6230 – 98 ;RDYYMZA_Uploaded byjosé_mazuela
- E-Voting Indonesia Framing the research.pdfUploaded byLuthfan Fauzan
- Product ConceptUploaded byRbya Tariq
- PR2 questionnaire.docxUploaded byBryan Pasion
- OCD - Resumos 2Uploaded byAna Luisa
- Rangka MicroUploaded byelle
- Internetworking TechnologiesUploaded byMadhava Reddy
- b4_48-02Uploaded bydjelle
- Dissidence- Towards an Inconclusive Topography VERÓNICA GAGO AND DIEGO SZTULWARK | COLECTIVO SITUACIONESUploaded byJill M Lane
- CarvYurPropDIYUploaded byT Lee Barnes
- AKPK Power - Chapter 2 - Borrowing BasicsUploaded byEncik Anif
- WI Contoh JawapanUploaded byMuhammad Zariq
- The Dublin StatementUploaded byLuthfia Rakhma Widyastuti
- 2013 Dow DataUploaded byWaleed Nadeem
- 3300 ICP Data SheetUploaded bymistersafety
- Pc Magazine May 2014 Usa - FilelistUploaded byCiolacu Radu
- 7 Audit SamplingUploaded byPooja Rai
- Rieth ComplaintUploaded bypauloverhauser
- 342-422Uploaded bylegalmatters
- WORKSafe FALL ProtectionUploaded byKyaw Kyaw Aung
- Dissertation Full FreeUploaded bytrenzaba
- UNFCCC ORS User Manual-Observer OrganisationsUploaded bythe4rina
- 9402a2803df0c0c2eb651732092f0185Uploaded byEdwin Tobar
- City Pharmacy of Kampala Uganda Ltd Business Plan 3rd December 2010Uploaded byInfiniteKnowledge
- OOP1Uploaded byRitika Midha
- linux-ipUploaded bymalangbadshah