0 Up votes0 Down votes

9 views1 pagesMAL101 Lecture

Mar 13, 2014

Lecture 1

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

MAL101 Lecture

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

9 views

Lecture 1

MAL101 Lecture

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Analisa Garis Lurus Havlena Odeh
- F2 Maths Annual Scheme of Work_2011
- EC1sh_G
- CHAP 3 Discretization
- 8 thclass
- Solving a Linear System of Equations
- Gate 2011 Instrumentation Engineering
- Tipler06a_001-003hr
- parent 20letter- 204th 20nine 20weeks 4
- ordlpsolnlesson1
- Guang's portfolio in PDF
- Math09 - Linear Systems - Points of Intersection Task B, C and D
- EE203_03_ode2_jan13_13s
- New EM Quiz6A
- <HTML><HEAD><META HTTP-EQUIV="REFRESH" CONTENT="0;URL="></HEAD><BODY> </BODY></HTML>
- Obtain 29 Using Only 3
- UnitPlan: Expressions and Equations
- mcse-004
- IMAC XXVIIModels Numerical Solution Error Using Time Series
- heep204.pdf

You are on page 1of 1

January 2014

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Lecture 1 We study system of linear equations with complex coecients. But for most of the cases the coecients will be rational numbers. Give examples of such systems. Explain what is a solution of a system of linear equations. Geometrically describe solution of an equation when number of unknowns is two or three and the coecients are real numbers (respectively as a line in a plane and a plane in space). Also describe what is a solution of a system of linear equations when the number of unknowns is two or three (as intersection of lines or planes etc.). Examples of systems which have (a) no solutions, (b) has a unique solution, (c) innitely many solutions (when number of unknowns is two or three or four): a) x1 + x2 + x3 = 3, x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 6, x2 + 2x3 = 1; b) x1 + x2 + x3 = 3, x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 6, x1 + x2 + 2x3 = 4; c) x1 + x2 + x3 = 3, x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 6, x2 + 2x3 = 3. Verify that the rst system has no solution, (1, 1, 1) is the only solution of the second system and the third equation has innitely many solutions. Indeed, for any real number , the tuple (, 3 2, ) is a solution. Students should recall Crammers rule and any other methods they learnt to solve a system of equations. The Crammers rule is applicable when number of unknowns and equations are same and the determinant of the coecient matrix is nonzero. Discuss the limitations. We will not disucss Crammers rule in the class. We write a general system of m linear equations with real (or complex) coecients with n unknowns x1 , x2 , . . . , xn as a11 x1 + a12 x2 + + a1n xn = b1 a21 x1 + a22 x2 + + a2n xn = b2 am1 x1 + am2 x2 + + amn xn = bm

ai,j (1 i m, 1 j n) are called coecients and b1 , b2 , . . . , bm are called constant terms of the equations. We call the system a homogenous system if bi = 0 for each i and a nonhomogeneous system if it is not homogenous. The above system described by the following matrix equation: AX = B (5) can be where A= a11 a12 a1n b1 x1 a21 a22 a2n b2 x2 , B = and X is the matrix (or column) of unknowns . . .. A is am1 am2 amn bm xn called the coecient matrix and B the matrix (or column) of constants. The matrix (A|B ) is called the augmented matrix of the system. 1 1 1 | 3 1 1 1 3 x1 In a), A = 1 2 3 , B = 6, X = x2 and (A|B ) = 1 2 3 | 6 . 0 1 2 | 1 0 1 2 1 x 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 3 3 x1 In b), A = 1 2 3 , B = 6, X = x2 and(A|B ) = 1 2 3 | 6 . 1 1 2 x 1 1 2 | 4 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 | 3 3 x1 In c), A = 1 2 3 , B = 6, X = x2 and (A|B ) = 1 2 3 | 6 . 0 1 2 x3 0 1 2 | 4 3 Remark: i) A solution of a system of equations in n unknowns is an n-tuple whose components are from R (or C or Q). ii) The homogeneous equations always has a solution (namely, the zero tuple). iii) When scalars are complex numbers geometric description of the solution set is not what we have when scalars are real. Warning: Before we write the matrix equation we should arrange the unknowns in the same order in the equations. If an unkown is missing from an equation the corresponding coecient is assumed to be zero.

- Analisa Garis Lurus Havlena OdehUploaded byLervino Fridela
- F2 Maths Annual Scheme of Work_2011Uploaded byAzlin Congo
- EC1sh_GUploaded byshah143
- CHAP 3 DiscretizationUploaded byLenin Merchán Martínez
- 8 thclassUploaded bysapabapjava2012
- Solving a Linear System of EquationsUploaded bynooluoit
- Gate 2011 Instrumentation EngineeringUploaded byprem11121
- Tipler06a_001-003hrUploaded byClif Pottberg
- parent 20letter- 204th 20nine 20weeks 4Uploaded byapi-329626974
- Guang's portfolio in PDFUploaded byXzh Guang
- Math09 - Linear Systems - Points of Intersection Task B, C and DUploaded bymonicasanta18
- New EM Quiz6AUploaded bySingh Karan
- ordlpsolnlesson1Uploaded byFloyd Dalton
- EE203_03_ode2_jan13_13sUploaded byAsif Khan
- <HTML><HEAD><META HTTP-EQUIV="REFRESH" CONTENT="0;URL="></HEAD><BODY> </BODY></HTML>Uploaded byRahul Malani
- Obtain 29 Using Only 3Uploaded bysumi12345678
- UnitPlan: Expressions and EquationsUploaded byLauren Nixon
- mcse-004Uploaded byUrvashi Roy
- IMAC XXVIIModels Numerical Solution Error Using Time SeriesUploaded bydfcortesv
- heep204.pdfUploaded byAjiteshPadda
- lesson plan for intervention mental math flash cards first set 1-3 divisionUploaded byapi-241650432
- worksheet referenceUploaded byraevenramos
- Equations and InequalitiesUploaded byd
- 2 MATHS PTA QUESTION BANK COME BOOK- ENGLISH MEDIUM.pdfUploaded byGiriBabu
- algebra1section2 2Uploaded byapi-358505269
- FemUploaded byPritesh Kumar
- checkerboard problem setUploaded byapi-345231084
- 10_LinearEquations_GaussEliminationUploaded byShubham Jain
- SS3 mathsUploaded bysunlias
- lecture8.pdfUploaded byconstanza

- eastern-europe-russia_v1_m56577569830516559Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- ics-2013Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe 9 ContentsUploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe 9 IndexUploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-estonia_v1_m56577569830516529Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Bosnia Hercegovina v1 m56577569830516521Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-albania_v1_m56577569830516515Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe 9 Getting StartedUploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-hungary_v1_m56577569830516530Uploaded byJosep G. Coll
- Eastern Europe Czech Republic v1 m56577569830516526Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Directory v1 m56577569830516527Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-croatia_v1_m56577569830516525Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Bulgaria v1 m56577569830516522Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Lithuania v1 m56577569830516534Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Macedonia v1 m56577569830516536Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Montenegro v1 m56577569830516541Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-poland_v1_m56577569830516543Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Language v1 m56577569830516531Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-moldova_v1_m56577569830516538Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-latvia_v1_m56577569830516532Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Slovenia v1 m56577569830516565Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Eastern Europe Slovakia v1 m56577569830516564Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-serbia_v1_m56577569830516561Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-romania_v1_m56577569830516555Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- eastern-europe-ukraine_v1_m56577569830516566Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Australia 14 ContentsUploaded byAlejandro Reina
- australia-14-act_v1_m56577569830512204.pdfUploaded byRaman Goyal
- Australia 14 IndexUploaded byRaman Goyal
- australia-14-new-soes_v1_m56577569830512207Uploaded byRaman Goyal
- Australia 14 Getting StartedUploaded byRaman Goyal

- An Introduction to Ergodic TheoryUploaded byLêNhậtHoàng
- Advanced Computational Fluid(Shu Chang)Uploaded bylc8_2001
- Kocic, Matejic, A Class of Fractal Functions, Noise and Vibration 2004Uploaded byLjubisa Kocic
- Friedlander Weiss 98Uploaded bythespammancan
- A generic approach for nesting 2d parts in 2d sheetsUploaded byRohit Kore
- BINOMIAL THEOREM.pdfUploaded byAll for u
- An_introduction_to_Isogeometric_Analysis.pdfUploaded byTrinh Thinh
- Daa Unit Viii Notes 1Uploaded bySunil Choudhary
- Vclsi 11 Image RegistrationUploaded byAlejandro Salinas
- Ch 2 - EquationsUploaded bySyed Umar Hayat Hashmi
- SOLDSPX06Uploaded byShafayet Uddin
- TP_BEKA2333_2014_2015Uploaded byAzrul Nizar
- Ame302 Chapter5 Homework Set (Arnaz)Uploaded byArnaz Asa Sholeh
- hw7SDEUploaded byJohnny Petit
- DspUploaded byYalamanchili Pavan
- logika10Uploaded byskipjackk
- Sample Section Programming.nbUploaded bydpapalia3744
- Properties of the Dtft 8Uploaded byPaulo Valente
- Pnp ProblemsUploaded byakg299
- Matrices of CK 12 Álgebra II Con Trigonometría Conceptos Ch v3 4hr s1Uploaded bygerardodoac
- Post LimeUploaded byZakka Izzatur
- TreesUploaded bybayentapas
- Lecture Notes - Algebra, Linear EquationsUploaded byCTL
- 09x_L9_PponlyUploaded byPETER
- 15MATDIP41Uploaded byVinu Kohli
- SM1421701_SolUploaded by213698 ktr.et.ece.15
- Rsa ExamplesUploaded bymarshadjafer
- Stupid Divisibility TricksUploaded byshobana612
- tx080100018p.pdfUploaded byvikas
- EREWUploaded byMariana 'Onit' Saragi

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.