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Karakalpak Tent Bands
Yurt Anatomy Yurtmaking Tent Bands The Yurt Door Inside the Yurt Qarsh•ns Esikqas Kergis Other Bags Yurt Erection Yurt Customs Yurt History The Karakalpaks made a range of tent bands to join, support and decorate the wooden frame of the yurt. The largest was the q•z•l basqur, which constrained the base of the yurt roof. This is the widest tent band in the yurt and is made from a mixture of natural goat hair and red sheep's wool. The smallest bands were the short lengths of dizbe, used to tie the qanats and other wooden components of the yurt together. In between were other bands, such as the ishki beldew, and the numerous q•z•l qur and aq qur, which together fasten the felt roof parts to the frame. The q•z•l qur holds down the front roof section while the aq qur hold down the rear roof section. As well as fulfilling a vital practical role, both the q•z•l qur and the aq qur play a secondary role in decorating the interior and the roof of the yurt. In both cases the qur are interlaced with each other to create a lattice effect. Normally three pairs of q•z•l qur are interlaced to form the net that decorates the to'r, but in some cases the owners use five pairs of qur to create a more stunning effect. The net is referred to as either shat•rash - crossed - or shaxmatlap - in chequerboard order. The most decorative Karakalpak tent bands were the aq basqur and the two pairs
Detail of a Karakalpak aq basqur.
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The thick cotton warps were packed tightly together to create a warp-faced band. In combination technique the knot cannot be tied across adjacent warps. The aq basqur was the largest and most dramatic of these combination technique bands and provided the weaver with a canvas on which to display her complete repertoire of patterns and motifs. and golden yellow. but others are distinctly Turkmen and were probably learnt from nearby Turkmen communities. as with a normal all-piled carpet.Karakalpak Tent Bands History Karakalpakstan Tour Guide of s•rtq• and ishki janbaw. The bands were decorated with a knotted pile that only partially covered the cotton ground of the tent band.html (2 of 3)01/03/2014 13:56:28 . The main colours used were brown. After inserting the cotton weft the shed is changed and knots can be tied on the other set of warps. one where the decorated sections progress in random order and the second where they are arranged symmetrically so that the same sequence of panels appears on each side of the yurt. The knot is therefore tied across a warp and its neighbour but one. concealing its underneath from view. These decorative bands were always woven in so-called combination technique. This is because the tight packing of the warps does not leave sufficient space for normal knotting. Glossary External Links About Us Contact Us Pronunciation of Karakalpak Terms To listen to a Karakalpak pronounce any of the following words just click on the one you wish to hear. while secondary colours included black. The two rows of knots are offset by one warp. There are two types of aq basqur. Instead the weaver uses just half of the available warps.com/tentbands. In this technique the spare warps must float behind the knot. combination technique tent bands appear to have a plain cotton back.karakalpak. Janbaw were always finished along their lower edges with a red and green or red and yellow plaited fringe. beige. pistachio green. This can only be done using a symmetric knot. blue. G aq basqur aq qur dizbe ishki G G G http://www. As a consequence. Most patterns are based on horn or mu'yiz-like motifs. forming the shed and then tying a knot on only the raised set of warps. two sets of dark goat hair warps being included on each side to make a pair of brown "tramlines" down each side. Please note that the dotless letter 'i' (•) is pronounced 'uh'. and salmon pink.
qaraqalpaq.com/tentbands.html (3 of 3)01/03/2014 13:56:28 .Karakalpak Tent Bands G ishki janbaw mu'yiz qanat q•z•l qur shaxmatlap shat•rash s•rtq• janbaw to'r G G G G G G G Visit our sister site www.karakalpak. Karakalpak.com. Unless stated otherwise. Qaraqalpaq. http://www. rather than the Russian transliteration. all of the material on this website is the copyright of David and Sue Richardson. Return to top of page Next Page: The Yurt Door Home Page This site was last updated on 8 February 2012 © David and Sue Richardson 2005 .2014. which uses the correct transliteration.