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Suffixes A suffix is a letter, syllable, or word that is added to a root orw ww . le s s on s n ip s .c o m " id="pdf-obj-0-3" src="pdf-obj-0-3.jpg">

Suffixes

A suffix is a letter, syllable, or word that is added to a root or stem of a word to either

form a new word or add to its meaning. Suffixes are placed at the end of the root word.

The main thing that a suffix shows is how it will be used in a sentence and how it is

classified, in terms of whether the word is a noun, a verb, an adverb, or an adjective.

Suffixes are very useful because if one knows how to identify suffixes and what they

mean, one can identify what kind of word it is in terms of grammar and increase one’s

vocabulary.

V er b Su f f ixe s : identifies the tense of the verb and its meaning. Suffixes like the one

listed below g enerally show that the word is a verb. LESSO P EVIEW ‘-s’ :
listed below g enerally show that the word is a verb.
LESSO
P
EVIEW
‘-s’ : is to sig nify the third person singular in he present ense.
read N root word) + s’ (suffix
=
uns
R t
t
ha
he ( verb is
n the ‘ past ense. )
Example:
r
watch root) +
ed’ suffix
= watched
‘-ed’: shows t
t t
i
t
Pl eas
si gn i ) n or register first to view
ha
s a past participle
Example:
(
(
soft root) +
en’ suffix
= soften
e
‘-en’: shows t
t it i
.
b is being used in the prese nt contin u ous to si g ni f y a process of doing
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ea (root) +
ing
suffix = eating
Example:
(
(
)
o
-ify’: means o make or do
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‘-ing’: the ver
personalize: to make personal
Example:
t
’ (
)
imitate: to make imitations
simplify: to make simple
‘-ize’ or ‘-ate’
r ‘
t
Examples:
es: Words with the suffixes listed below show that they are nouns and have

Noun Suffix

the following meanings:

‘-ance’ and ‘-ence’: signify a state of being or the act of

Examples:

perform + ‘-ance’ = perform a n c e (the act of performing)

Exist + ‘-ence’ = existence (the act of existing or the state of being)

‘-ant’, ‘-ent’, ‘-er’, ‘-or’, ‘-ian’, and ‘-ist’: these suffixes signify one who does something

Examples:

assist + ‘-ant’ = assist a nt (one who assists)

study + ‘-ent’ = stud e nt (one who studies)

teach + ‘-er’ = teach e r (one who teaches)

act _ ‘-or’ = actor (one who acts)

history + ‘ian’ = histor i a n (one who does and studies history)

art + ‘-ist’ = art ist (one who does and creates art) <a href=Copyright 2009 Lesson Snips " id="pdf-obj-1-2" src="pdf-obj-1-2.jpg">

art + ‘-ist’ = artist (one who does and creates art)

Suffixes (Cont’d)

‘-ion’ and ‘-tion’: mean the act of or the result of or the condition of

Example:

operate + ‘-ion’ = operation (the act of operation)

‘-ment’: means the act of

Example:

commit + ‘-ment’ = commitment (act of committing)

‘-ness’: shows the quality of being

Examples:

happy + ‘-ness’ = happi n e ss (quality of being happy)

great + ‘-ness’ = greatnes s (quality of being great)

Adj ec tive Suff i x e s : are suffixes that show that the words are adjectives and have the

following mean i ng: L l ESSON PREVIEW ‘-able’, ‘-ible’: eans ab e to be Examples:
following mean i ng:
L l ESSON PREVIEW
‘-able’, ‘-ible’:
eans ab e to be
Examples:
u nderstand + -able ‘ ’ = understandable (able to be understood)
A
ccess + -ible ‘ = ’ accessible (able to be accessed)
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‘-er’: means mor e
Example:
s trong + -er’ = stronger (more strong)
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most and expresses that it is a superlative
‘-est’: means the ough + -est’ = toughest (the most tou g h)
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Example:
t
-y’: signi y to have the quali y o or having the nature of
‘-ive’, ‘-ous, and ‘
f
t
f
+ -ive’ = ac ive (have the quality of acting or moving)
Examples:
act
t
be full of
‘-ful’: means to
re +
-ful’ = ca eful (to be full of care)
Example:
ca
r
not have or lack
‘-less’: means to
eart + -less’ = heartless (without a heart)
Example:
h

‘-logy’: means the study of

Examples:

bio lo g y (study of life processes)

Egypto l o g y (study of Egypt)

Adve r b Su f f ixe s : the following identifies the word as an adverb and expresses the

manner in which something is done.

‘-ly’, ‘-fully’ and ‘-wise’ mean in the manner of

Examples:

natural + ‘-ly’ =

natural l y (in a natural manner)

hope + ‘-fully’ = hope ful l y (in a manner of hope)

clock + ‘-wise’ = clock w ise (in the manner of a clock)

Suffixes Questions

Mu ltip le Ch oice:

1.

 

a.

b.

c.

d.

2.

 

a.

b.

c.

d.

3.

Spoken

Suffix:

4.

Helpful

Suffix:

5.

Anticlockwis e

Suffix:

6.

Sculptor

Suffix:

7.

Musician

Suffix:

8.

Listens

Suffix:

9.

Clarify

Suffix:

10. Happiest

Suffix:

___

___

___

A suffix is a letter or syllable or word that is added to a root word at:

The beginning

The middle

The end

None of the above

The suffix ‘ –logy’ means:

The study of something The superlative of something LESSON PREVIEW The quality of something The result
The study of something
The superlative of something
LESSON PREVIEW
The quality of something
The result of something
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Type: ______________
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Type: ______________
Type: ______________
Type: ______________

___

Type:

Type:

Type:

Type:

Identify the suff ix and determine whether it is a verb, noun, adjective, or adverb: