You are on page 1of 24

Bimonthly Newsletter of the Embassy of India Moscow

Compiled and Edited by

November December 2013

Dr Rama Swami Bansal Counsellor (S&T) With support from Galina N Khokhlova Interpreter

I.

Bilateral / Multilateral Cooperation (P: 2-5)

II. S&T News of Russia (P: 6-12) III. R&D Developments in Russia (P: 12-17) IV. Russian R&D Institute and Industry Profile (P: 17-21) V. Forthcoming Workshops & Conferences in Russia (P:21-23)
Science & Technology Wing Embassy of India 9, Ulitsa Vorontsovo Polye Moscow - 103064 Russia

Telefax 007-495-9160297 E-mail csnt@indianembassy.ru Homepage www.indianembassy.ru

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

Dear Readers, Wish You All a Very Happy, Successful and Prosperous New Year. The months of November and December ending the year 2013 witnessed significant activities in Indo-Russian cooperation and also in the Russian science. A two-member team from Moscow Unit of the Indo-Russian Science and Technology Centre visited India in November to take forward the partnership dialogue on the Russian developments and discuss joint activities for 2014. An IndoRussian workshop on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics was held at IIT Madras during Nov. 11-15, 2013 under ILTP. 16 Russian participants comprising 12 students and 4 faculty attended the 6th Science Conclave 2013 organized by IIIT-Allahabad during December 8-14, 2013. In all 6 visits from India and 42 from Russia were exchanged in these two months. Besides this, BRICS Senior Officials in the field of Science and Technology met in New Delhi on December 12, 2013 to discuss Science, Technology and Innovation cooperation among BRICS countries. On the Russian side, a new Russian Scientific Fund has been set up as part of the reorganisation of Russian science to provide grants to domestic researchers as well as to international projects and its Director and Board of Trustees have been appointed. The recently created Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations established to oversee Russias scientific research programmes and now poised to become an important player in Russia's national innovation system has been given 105.2 mln Rubles for immediate expenditure. The Government is focusing on investing in mega research facilities with an aim to assert countrys position as a leader in physics and has recently announced fourth in the series mega-science project on electronpositron collider Super C-Tau Factory for construction at Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk. Building of necessary infrastructure for various steps of the knowledge value chain such as S&T parks, S&T clusters is being supported and pursued with vigour. Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring now has a multi-role flying laboratory for geophysical monitoring of atmosphere, earth and water surface. Lomonosov Moscow State University, which will now be a home to the recently approved Sparrow Hills cluster, in partnership with a state-owned company is planning to set up production of heat-resistant composite materials. Russia honoured three Indians with top awards for their contribution to strengthening ties between the two countries - Order of Friendship to Dr Murli Manohar Joshi, Member of Parliament and to Dr A Sivathanu Pillai, Managing Director, BrahMos Aerospace, a joint Indo-Russian venture, and the Pushkin Medal to Prof Lokesh Chandra, Director, International Academy of Indian Culture. The present issue of the Newsletter gives glimpses of the S&T developments in Russia including advice of the Russian scientists for a 10-year ban on GMOs, strengthening Russia - EU S&T ties and the international journal Nature acknowledging Russian meteorite Hunter. It covers latest R&D accomplishments including disclosure of a new bacterial biocompatible cellulose to replace damaged living tissues; evidence of Russian balm regenerating aging tissues; development of self-contained biofuel cells for biomedicine; diagnostics system to detect disease with one drop of blood; painless micro-needles to replace syringe; dental prostheses with strength of diamond; next-gen photoconductive material; carbon-based brake disks for aircraft; and Vortex reactor for creating new materials in space. It also gives a short profile of some of the premier institutions of Russia as well as information on forthcoming conferences / workshops in Russia. We hope the Newsletter facilitates identification of potential Russian partners by the Indian organisations. Your queries on Russian S&T developments and suggestions for improving the impact of the Newsletter are welcome.

Rama Swami Bansal

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

I. Bilateral / Multi-lateral Cooperation a) Indo-Russian Workshop on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

5. Prof Kuvyrkin Georgy, Bauman Moscow State Technical University; 6. Dr Lipatov Igor, Zhukovsky Central AeroHydrodynamic Institute; 7. Prof Manzhirov Alexander, RAS Institute for Problems in Mechanics; 8. Acad Matveenko Valery, Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics, UB RAS;

An Indo-Russian workshop co-funded by Indian Department of Science and Technology and Russian Academy of Sciences on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics was held at IIT Madras, Chennai during Nov 1115, 2013 under ILTP with an aim to provide a platform to Indian and Russian experts to facilitate personal interactions between them and to share the latest advances made in the two countries on various aspects on topics of common interest. The topics covered included damage and fracture mechanics, nano- and micromechanics, contact mechanics and tribology, mechanics of growing solids and phase transitions, dynamics and thermomechanics of solids, elastoviscoplasticity and composites, biomechanics and natural processes, wave propagation in continua, dynamics of unstable systems, turbulent flows of fluid and gas, jet and separated flows, multi-component and multiphase media, combustion and flame, and numerical methods in mechanics. The workshop was co-piloted by Prof NK Gupta and Prof AV Manzhirov. Following Russian experts participated in the workshop 1. Acad Goryacheva Irina, RAS Institute for Problems in Mechanics; 2. Acad Babeshko Vladimir, Vice Chairman, RAS Southern Scientific Center; 3. Prof Kirillova Irina, Director, Institute of Biosystems and Nanostructures, Saratov State University; 4. Prof Kossovich Leonid, President, Saratov State University;

9. Acad Lipanov Alexei, RAS Advisor, RAS Institute of Applied Mechanics of RAS. b) BRICS strengthening their Science, Technology, Innovation Cooperation The BRICS countries continue their endeavors to develop cooperation between themselves in the area of science, technology and innovation. The concerned government officials from the countries respective Ministries and Departments met in New Delhi on Dec 12, 2013 for the third Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) hosted by Department of Science and Technology, GOI. From Russia five experts including Deputy Minister for Education and Science participated in the meeting. The participants shared information about recent development in STI policies, programme and initiatives in their respective countries, reviewed ongoing STI cooperation among the BRICS and discussed and finalized the text of the BRICS MoU on STI Cooperation. The meeting deliberated on the new initiatives including organizing BRICS stakeholders meeting / workshop for developing strategic roadmap for BRICS STI Cooperation in priority topics including Climate Change and Natural Disaster Mitigation; Geospatial Technology; Water Resources; New and Renewable Energy: Solid State Lighting and New Energy Vehicle; and Astronomy. Deliberations were also made on BRICS multilateral projects and BRICS training program. The first SOM was held in China in 2011 and the second SOM was held in Pretoria in November 2012. These meetings had agreed

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

that S&T cooperation between the five countries would be voluntary, reciprocal, equal and mutually beneficial. The first Ministerial BRICS S&T meeting is planned to take place in South Africa during February 2014 wherein a formal framework, an MoU for S&T cooperation covering the issues of funding and the creation of guiding protocols for cooperative projects for joint implementation is expected to be concluded. c) Russia honors three Indians Strengthening Bilateral Ties for

Thanks largely to the purposeful work of Dr Pillai brand "BrahMos" has become a symbol of the current stage of special and privileged Russian-Indian strategic partnership and a synonym of higher achievements, innovation and success in the world rocket and aerospace industry as a whole. Prof Lokesh Chandra, former Rajya Sabha member and former Vice President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, is one of the initiators of the Roerich Family Museum in the Russian Centre of Science and Culture in New Delhi, and a member of the board of trustees of the International Roerich Memorial Trust. He is acknowledged for advocating deepening of cooperation between Indian and Russian scientists in the preservation, study and development of the Roerich heritage in India for closer scientific and cultural cooperation between the two nations. d) Russian Students and Faculty attend the 6th Science Conclave Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (IIIT-A) attracted participation of eight students and two faculty from Berbekov Kabardino Balkarian State University, Nalchik; two students from Moscow State Academy of Water Transport, Moscow and a faculty each from the Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in the Sixth Science Conclave 2013 organized by IIIT-A at Allahabad during Dec 8-14, 2013. The Science Conclave is a scientific and academic interaction program of Nobel Laureates and eminent scientists with about 1800 students, researchers and teachers from India as well as from ASEAN, SAARC and African nations. IIIT-A has very intense scientific and academic cooperation with Russia. Russian experts had participated as faculty in the previous conclaves organized by IIIT-A. An Indo-Russian Summer School on High Performance Computing for Geophysical Problems was co-piloted by IIIT-A and Moscow Institute of Physics & Technology (MIPT) which was hosted by Berbekov

Russia has honoured three Indians with top awards for their contribution to strengthening ties between India and Russia. Russian President Vladimir Putin by his Decree 890 of Dec 6, 2013 "On conferring state awards of the Russian Federation to foreign citizens" awarded the Order of Friendship to Dr Murli Manohar Joshi, Member of Parliament and to Dr A Sivathanu Pillai, Managing Director of the joint Indo-Russian venture BrahMos Aerospace for their contribution to strengthening of friendship and cooperation with the Russian Federation, the development of scientific and cultural ties, and active charitable work. Prof Lokesh Chandra, Director, International Academy of Indian Culture was awarded the Pushkin Medal. Dr Murli Manohar Joshi during his work as Minister of Human Resource Development and Science and Technology (1998-2004), actively contributed to strengthening of ties and expanding programmes for scientific and technical cooperation between India and Russia. Russia recognizes Dr Joshi as a staunch supporter of the development and deepening of friendship and cooperation between India and Russia as one of the fundamental principles of Indian foreign policy. As one of India's leading experts in the field of rocket science, Dr A Sivathanu Pillai has played a key role in realization of the unique idea of the joint venture BrahMos Aerospace.

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

Kabardino-Balkarian State University (KBSU) at Nalchik during Jun 10-18, 2013. Fifteen Indian participants including students and faculty attended the Summer School that provided orientation and training to students in order to utilize high performance computing in the field of geophysical problem. Participation of Russian students in the sixth Science Conclave would help further IndoRussian academic and scientific cooperation. e) IRSTC Moscow Unit visits India to forge Technology Partnership A two-member team from Moscow Unit of the Indo-Russian S&T Centre (IRSTC) comprising Ms Liudmila Kornaukhova, Deputy Director General of the IRSTC Moscow Unit and Prof Alexander S Shalumov, General Director of Scientific Research Institute "ASONIKA" and Head of IT Department at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Vladimir Branch) visited Bangalore during Nov 15 27, 2013 to take forward partnership dialogue on the Russian development of ASONIKA on automated system for design and testing of radio electronic products. A regional Scientific - Practical Workshop was organized at MS Ramaian School of Advanced Studies (MSRSAS), Bangalore on Nov 18-21, 2013 under the leadership of Prof Shalumov. The program of the Workshop included installation of educational version of ASONIKA System in the MSRSAS classroom with participation of IT specialists of the University and training of the group of MSRSAS faculty to master the ASONIKA System fundamental modules and series of lectures and discussions concerning application of ASONIKA system in the real sector of Indian economics. More than 20 IT specialists from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh took part in the Workshop. The workshop concluded with signing of an Agreement on establishment of MSRSAS-based authorized training and consulting ASONIKA Centre for Indian IT faculty and specialists from Indian companies.

Participants of the Workshop

In addition to deliberating on the plan of activities of IRSTC for 2014, both Delhi and Moscow Unit of the Centre visited Research Centre Imarat, one of the biggest research centers in Hyderabad and also a private company ICOMM Tele Ltd. for presentation by Prof Shalumov on ASONIKA System. This visit thus laid a foundation for commercialization of Russian scientific and technological developments in India within the frameworks of RISTC Moscow and Delhi Units activity. f) New Fellowship Opportunities for Russian Scientists Department of Science & Technology (DST), GOI has instituted Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowships for inviting eminent scientists of any nationality working in the areas of natural and physical sciences including mathematics, for short term research in Indian Institutions of their choice. The fellowship provides a compensation of US$100,000 for 12 months which could be availed in breaks over a period of three years. Additionally it provides Rs. 5.5 million Grant towards R&D support, domestic and international travel and contingency expenses. A total of 25 slots for all nationality are available annually. More details could be seen at DST web-page http://www.dst.gov.in/whats_new/whats_ne w13/jns.pdf Nominations of eminent Russian scientists active in research (may be evident from their scientific outputs over the last 5 years) with acknowledged accomplishments and awards (such as fellows of prestigious science academies) preferably having knowledge of English language and desirous of take up research projects in India, may be submitted to Secretary DST.

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

g) Exchange Visits Indian Scientists to Russia India-Russia Two scientists, namely Dr Vijay Laxmi and Mr Deepanshu Mehta, MNIT, Jaipur visited the Southern Federal University during Nov 9-15, 2013 under your DST-RFBR project P-132. Two researchers namely Mr Shailendra Singh Rajput and Ashutosh Kumar, Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi visited Moscow and St. Petersburg during Nov 36, 2013 under DST-RFBR Project P P115. Two scientists namely Prof MS Gaur and Dr RK Tiwari, Hindustan College of Science and Technology, Mathura visited the RAS AN Bakh Institute of Biochemistry, Moscow during Dec 4 14, 2013 under DST-RFBR project P-103

Two scientists namely, Prof Mikhail A Lokoshchenko, Moscow State University and Dr Vladimir Petrov, Saratov State University visited India during Nov 10-15, 2013 to participate in the International Conference on Acoustics 2013 at CSIRNational Physical Laboratory, New Delhi. Nine Russian scientists participated in the Indo-Russian ILTP workshop on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics at IIT Madras, Chennai during Nov 11-15, 2013 under ILTP.

Dr Mikhail Altaisky, RAS Space Research Institute, Moscow visited India for two months from Nov 14, 2013 as a visiting scientist at the BM Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad. A two-member IRSTC-Moscow Unit team visited India during Nov 15 27, 2013 to take forward partnership dialogue on the Russian development of ASONIKA.

Russia-India Dr Marina, National University of Science & Technology MISIS visited the IIT Delhi during Nov 11-17, 2013 under DST-RFBR Project P-119. Dr Victor V Kulagin, Sternberg Astronomical Institute of Moscow State University visited the University of Delhi during Nov 14-26, 2013 under DST-RFBR project P-120. Two scientists namely Prof Alexander Gorshkov; Dr Olga Novikova, International Institute on Theory of Earthquake Prognosis and Mathematical Geophysics, RAS, Moscow visited the CSIR-NGRI, Hyderabad during Nov 25- Dec 20, 2013 under DST-RFBR project P-130.

Dr A Sipluk, Scientist, Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk visited Hyderabad during Nov 20-23, 2013 to participate and deliver a talk on the SAROD-2013 Symposium on Applied Aerodynamics and Design of Aerospace Vehicles. Prof Valeriy Georgievich Bardakov, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Novosibirsk visited India from Nov 29 Dec 20 for discussions and delivering series of lectures at the ICTS Programme on "KnotTheory and its applications" at IIT, Ropar and IISER Mohali. Two experts, namely Mr Smolyakov Alexander and Mr Evstratov Fedor, JSC Scientific Industrial Complex NIIDAR visited India during Dec 1-4, 2013 for discussions and negotiations in the field of telecom and broadband services on the invitation of M/s. Sistema Shyam Teleservices Ltd., India

Dr Lev Pirogov, Institute of Applied Physics, Nizhny Novgorod visited TIFR, Mumbai during Nov 24 - Dec 1, 2013 under DST-RFBR Project P-142.

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

16 Russian participants comprising 12 students and 4 faculty attended the 6th Science Conclave 2013 organized by IIITA at Allahabad during Dec 8-14, 2013. Prof Yunovich Alexander Imanyilovich, Lomonosov Moscow State University (APK PhD Guide from Department of Physics dept. (Tel: 499-1338078 home; 4959392994 lab) visited New Delhi to attend the 17th International Workshop on Photovoltaics and Semiconductor Devices (IWPSD) 2013 organized by at Amity, Delhi during Dec 10-14, 2013. Three member delegation comprising Mr Smirnov Viktor from International Department of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, Dr Makhmutov Vladimir and Dr Borisov Alexander from the RAS-PN Lebedev Institute of Physics participated in the 3rd BRICS SOM meeting hosted by DST, GOI at New Delhi during Dec 12-13, 2013. Prof Gavrishchuk, Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna visited Matrivani Institute of Experimental Research & Education, Kolkota for a month from Dec 15, 2013 to supervise young scientists in experiments involving particle detection.

and educational institutions of higher education, creation of world-class laboratories and departments in scientific organizations and educational institutions and development of experimental base for research. The Fund is designed to have higher flexibility in allocating funds as compared to the previously responsible state agencies. The Federal law also determines other functions to be carried out by the Fund to achieve itsmain objective, in particular, participation in forming and completion of the endowment of scientific organizations and educational institutions of higher education. According to Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, the State Duma has approved amendment to the federal budget draft for 2014-2016 to allot 48 billion rubles ($1.5 billion) over the next three years towards development of fundamental science in Russia. The Russian Scientific Foundation would receive 11.396 bln rub in 2014, 17.215 bln rub in 2015 and 19.136 bln rub in 2016. The Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Russian Foundation for Humanities would also receive considerable additional funds, with financial support for them said to be tripling by 2020. Science expenditures as part of the federal target programs would focus on support to applied research and creation of specific scientific developments. On Dec 16, 2013 President Vladimir Putin appointed Alexander Khlunov, earlier Head of Presidential Directorate for Science and Education, to a five-year term as General Director of the Russian Scientific Fund. And on Dec 12, 2013 the Board of Trustees was appointed with below composition. 1) EA Vaganov Rector, Siberian Federal University; 2) AI Grigoriev - Scientific Director, Institute of Biomedical Problems RAS; 3) MV Degtyarev Deputy, State Duma; 4) LM Zelenyi Director, Institute of Space Research RAS;

II. S&T News of Russia 1. Russia sets up Russian Scientific Fund On Nov 3, 2013 Russian President Vladimir Putin signed legislation to create the Russian Scientific Fund intended to provide grants to domestic researchers as well as to international projects. The Fund would conduct a competitive selection of S&T programmes and projects in identified areas of fundamental and exploratory research. The activities such as initiative fundamental and exploratory research by scientific teams as well as individual scientific and academic staff, development of scientific organizations

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

5) VM Kononov - Deputy, the State Duma; 6) VM Kress - Member of the Federation Council; 7) AL Kudrin-Dean, Faculty of St Petersburg State University; 8) DV Livanov - Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation; 9) MR Lichinitser - Deputy Director, NN Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center; 10) II Melnikov - First Vice-Chairman of the State Duma; 11) VY Panchenko - Chairman of the RFBR Board; 12) AA Fursenko - Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation; 13) AV Chepa - Deputy, the State Duma; 14) AO Chubaryan Director, Institute of World History RAS. 2. 105 mln Rubes allocated to Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations In our last issue we had covered information on reformation of the Russian Science Academies and setting up of the new government agency Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations (FASO) to oversee Russias scientific research programmes. FASO is poised to become an important player in Russia's national innovation system. This article provides latest developments. On Oct 31, 2013, President Putin met the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Vladimir Fortov and Head of the Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations (FASO) Mikhail Kotyukov to discuss the development of fundamental science after the entry into force of the Federal Law and to deliberate on the possible channels for research funding, cooperation between RAS and FASO, disposition of Academys property, and personnel issues. The President noted that the academies were reorganised in order to create necessary conditions to foster high-

quality and in-demand scientific research. According to President, the main tool for organising this work is setting government tasks for scientific research. The RAS should participate directly in this endeavor. Ultimately, in conjunction with the FASO, the Academys presidium must have the final say on this matter.

Vladimir Putin discusses development of fundamental science with President, RAS (right) and Head, FASO (left)

In November 2013 the President stressed the need for a transition period by implementing a year-long moratorium on decisions relating to personnel and property. This will ensure that none of the insights that the RAS has accumulated over decades will be lost during the reorganisation process. Subsequently FASO received funding of 105.2 mln rubles for immediate expenditure, of which 20 mln Rubles is towards the salary of its employees. In December 2013 Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev appointed Alexei Medvedev, previously the Minister of Economy in the Moscow region, as the Deputy Head of FASO. Like Kotyukov, Alexey Medvedev is also a graduate of the Krasnoyarsk State University. 4. Siberian Collider obtains status of fourth mega-science project The Russian government proposes to invest into four new mega research facilities with an aim to assert countrys position as a leader in physics. These projects include the high-flux beam research reactor PIK, designed by the Kurchatov Research Institute, the NICA heavy-ion collider of the joint Institute of Nuclear Physics (JINR), Rosatom's newest

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

IGNITOR thermonuclear reactor project, and most recently announced mega-science project - an electronpositron collider known as the Super C-Tau Factory, set for construction at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk.

related to radiation, cosmic-ray particles, land and atmosphere pollution, atmosphere gas and aerosol composition. The aircraft is also able to spray silver iodide and perform cloud seeding. The measurement data may be transmitted to ground information centers through satellite.

Super C-Tau Factory, Novosibirsk

Electron-Positron Super C-Tau Factory would operate at total energies from 2 to 5 GeV with unprecedented high luminosity of 1035 cm2s-1 and the longitudinal polarization of the electrons at the interaction area. The main purpose of the experiments at the collider is search for effects of CP-violation in the decays of charmed particles, tests of the Standard Model in the decay of the tau lepton, the search and study of an entirely new form of matter: glueballs, hybrids, etc. The data, which are planned to record, by 3-4 orders exceed everything that has been recorded so far in any other experiment. 5. Roshydromet introduces Next Gen Flying Laboratory For the first time since 1980s the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russia (Roshydromet) took delivery of a new flying laboratory the unique research facility derived from Yak-42D aircraft. The multi-role flying laboratory is intended for geophysical monitoring of atmosphere, earth and water surface meeting needs of various Russian ministries and administrative entities. It is fitted with 76 instruments and over 50 external sensors and would be collecting data

Yak-42D aircraft converted into multi-role laboratory for environmental monitoring.

The Yak-42D Hydromet flying laboratory was developed and manufactured under the Federal Target Program Creation and development of a geophysical monitoring system above the territory of Russian Federation for 2008-2015 period". The jet was developed by Roshydromet in cooperation with the Myasishchev Design Bureau and a number of other institutions. According to Alexander Frolov, Head of Hoshydromet, this research aircraft has no world analogues in terms of science instrumentation suites. 6. MSU S&T Cluster Construction launched for

On Dec 3, 2013 the project to set up a sizable S&T cluster in the premises of Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) was endorsed by the MSUs Board of Trustees presided over by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Sparrow Hills cluster, named after the historical city district where the university is located, is designed to solve complex technical problems and become a working place for ambitious young teams who could produce new scientific and technological knowledge in fundamental and humanitarian

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

fields including on space study, application of bio and nanotechnologies, robotics, etc. Experience of the top 20 leading universities is planned to be used for creation of this cluster. This scientific valley with its residential buildings and laboratories is expected to be completed in 2020 and would also include an art museum with a collection of paintings and rare minerals, a sports centre and a hostel for 5000 people. As per Victor Sadovnichiy, Rector of MSU, the designs of scientific laboratories are currently being developed. Additionally, most of these laboratories are being constructed for existing projects by approx. 100 MSU teams. The first stage of the programme - the construction of the hostel would be implemented in the near future, and check-in for students in the new hostel is planned in 2015. 7. MSU and Tula develop HeatResistant Composite Production Moscow State University together with a state-owned company Alexin Chemicals Integrated Plant is pushing their joint project aimed at setting up of production of heatresistant composite materials in Central Russia. Before the full-cycle production is set up, the company plans to perform a range of R&D work in collaboration with MSU and leading universities of the Tula region, including the Tula State University and the Lev Tolstoy Tula Pedagogical University. The new technology of manufacturing lightweight parts for projects in aerospace, land and marine transport is scheduled to be introduced by 2016. The project has been supported by Russian Minister of Education and Science Dmitry Livanov and Gleb Nikitin, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade. Alexin Chemicals Integrated Plant is one of the oldest Russian manufacturers of composite moulding materials that specializes in making polymer and composite materials for military, civilian and dual-purposes uses. The company serves a variety of sectors, such as auto making, mining, oil and gas,

aerospace, nuclear energy, conventional weaponry, ammunition, special-purpose chemistry, shipbuilding, and construction. 8. First Robotic TV Star introduced

Robot Tuma Urman (left) and its prototype Anna Urmantseva, a TV host (right)

The developers from the Neurobotics company have created Russias first robotic TV anchor Tuma Urman. The robots appearance is based on Anna Urmantseva, the host of a popular Russian science-focused TV show called Brain Storm. The robot is expected to replace her and interview TV programme guests on its own. The idea behind the project is to promote development of high technologies in Russia through mass media and further compete with the analogues from the Japanese robotics industry. At present Tuma Urman has been enabled to voice various recorded phrases and is still controlled from a standard laptop and a joystick. Its head has 17 servo drives that help the robot display emotions such as fear, astonishment, contempt, etc. As per Ms Urmantseva, at inception, it will convey Annas speech via Skype; however, the robot would be mimicking emotions and turn in a desired direction. Its eyes have embedded cameras for focusing view. Once the robot identifies a human face, it greets the person. 9. Russian Scientists urge 10-Year Ban on GMOs In the recent past Russia has been having an increased debate on genetically modified food which got intensified after WTO ascension.

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

The government is working on tightening the legislation on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In September 2013 a law for state registration of GMO and GMO-containing products was endorsed, which is expected to enter into force in July 2014. This law enforces compulsory registration of all products containing GM components. Around the same time Russian authorities temporarily suspended import and sale of Monsanto's GM corn after a French study suggested it may be linked to cancer. Russian PM Dmitry Medvedev even ordered regulatory agencies to consider a possible ban on all GMO imports into Russia. An association of Russian scientists National Association for Genetic Safety (NAGS) has now called for a 10-year suspension on production of GMOs in order to give time to Russian experts to thoroughly study their effect on the human health, stressing that such examinations are vital. The Association is of the opinion that there have yet not been enough studies on the impact of GMO on human health and that only after this wide introduction of genetically modified food may be allowed. According to Irina Ermakova, Vice President of NAGS, around the world doctors have observed a surge of diabetes and cancer in regions where residents have consumed larger amounts of GMO-containing food and that possible negative health impact of GMO products is related to the use of certain bacteria in their production, which can produce tumors in plants by directly transferring genetic material. NAGS strongly supports 10 year moratorium on the production of GM products as this period would enable scientists to plan experiments and tests and develop potentially new research methods and technologies. This call has been strongly supported by the Russian Ministry of Agriculture which does not oppose GMO products but has warned companies to "act very conservatively" rather than hurrying to employ them.

10. S&T Ties between Russia and EU The European Union and the Russian Federation have strong science and technology relations based on common interests and mutual benefit. In 2003, the EU and Russia agreed to reinforce their R&D cooperation by working towards the creation of the "4th EU-Russia Common Space" programme within the framework of EURussia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Cooperation in research and innovation is one of the priority areas in the EU-Russia Partnership for Modernization agreed on at the EU-Russia Summit of June 2010 as a shared agenda to help tackle global economic and societal challenges. One of the most established forms of EURussia S&T cooperation is the participation of Russian scientists in the EU Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, where Russia continues to be the most successful international cooperation partner country in terms of the total number of participations in the programme, the total amount of EU financial contribution received and the number of collaborative actions launched. EU researchers, for their part, successfully participate in Russia's Federal Targeted Programmes. In 2007 a new cooperation mechanism of 'coordinated calls' for co-funded research projects between the EU and Russia was introduced. To date, ten coordinated calls have been completed in areas such as health; food, agriculture and biotechnology; ICT; energy; aeronautics; nanotechnologies; nuclear energy. The strength of the EU-Russia relationship in S&T is demonstrated by the popularity of EU researchers' mobility programmes, such as the Marie Curie Actions (under the EU Framework Programme), TEMPUS (promotion of higher education development in Russia), and Erasmus Mundus (establishment of partnership networks between European and non-European universities elaborating joint Master programmes). These initiatives serve

10

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

as an important tool of Russia's integration into the European Research Area and the European Higher Education Area. EU-Russia S&T cooperation also takes place through other international fora and largescale research infrastructures, for example the EU X-ray Free-Electron Laser and the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research; the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor; the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). Additionally Russia and the EU collaborate within the framework of the Group of Senior Officials on global research infrastructures, composed of representatives of the G8+O5 countries.

partners in the projects being implemented at different sites within the EU. As per Mire Geoghegan-Quinn, European Commissioner for Research, 273 Russian scientific organizations are awarded EU grants amounting to 64,000,000 Euros annually. Correspondingly, in 2013 European researchers received 31 Russian grants. More than 2000 Russian scientists are participating in mega projects such as CERN; XFEL and ITER. And on Dec 20, 2013 the Russian Government approved participation of Russia in yet another mega project - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute is the implementing institute from Russia. 11. Russian Meteorite Hunter in top ten Most Talented By Nature In our edition for Mar-Apr 2013 we had covered information about the meteorite that exploded over Russias Chelyabinsk region on Feb 15, 2013. Since then the Russian scientific team in charge of meteorite research has gained global recognition. Prominent scientific journal Nature has named Russian scientist Viktor Grokhovskiy as one of ten people whose studies and achievements played an important role in the development of the global science in 2013. Viktor Grokhovsky, Professor from the Institute of Physics and Technology under the Ural Federal University (IPT UFU) and a member of the RAS Committee for Meteorites, has been honoured for his studies of the substance of the bolide. Grokhovsky and his colleagues studied structural characteristics and physico-chemical properties of the celestial body. Two days after the meteorites spectacular fall Grokhovskiy had efficiently calculated its trajectory and where the fragments would have landed. The members of the meteorite expedition for more than 25 years led by Viktor Grokhovsky were the first to find the fragments of the fallen meteorite and deliver them to Ekaterinburg.

Left to right: Olga Golodets, Deputy PM of Russia, Dmitry Livanov, Minister of Education and Science, and European Commissioner for Research, cutting the ribbon at the opening launch.

Just recently on Nov 25, 2013 the 'EU-Russia Year of Science 2014' was launched in Moscow that aims to celebrate and promote the vibrant and multifaceted scientific and technological cooperation between the two partners. In the course of twelve months, a rich programme of events and initiatives across Russia and the EU will highlight joint achievements, successes, and the strong potential for future cooperation in research, innovation and higher education. This is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the Russian Ministry of Education and Science aiming to further promote and develop EU-Russia scientific collaboration. According to Olga Golodets, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Russia is currently involved in 298 projects with EU and more than 400 Russian organizations are full-fledged

11

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

ultimate goal of research is to develop a selfcontained device for biomedical purposes.

Viktor Grokhovskiy with a piece of Chelyabinsk


meteorite

Direct broadcast from the laboratory of the UrFU research center Nanotech attracted several thousand viewers from all over the world in the night of Feb 17-18 wherein university researchers demonstrated the meteorite debris for the first time and drew a conclusion about the type of the fallen space body (ordinary chondrite) and its composition. Using the methods of optical and electronic microscopy in the UrFU Nanotech research centre an unusual diversity of plessite, sulfides and drift copper particles in the meteorite was observed. Besides, the researchers managed to discover the abnormally low strength of the substance that determined the specific character of the space body destruction. Importance of meteorite is hard to overestimate as International scientists studying the meteorite have concluded that the danger from space rocks crashing into the Earth is much higher than previously thought. III. R&D Developments in Russia 1. Self-contained Biofuel Biomedicine developed Cells for

Enzymatic fuel cell implanted into the rat brain

According to Sergei Shleev, a research fellow at Kurchatov Institute as well as Swedens University of Malmo, the device is a fabrication of a direct electron transfer based glucose/oxygen enzymatic fuel cell (EFC) from genuinely 3D nanostructured microscale gold electrodes modified with suitable biocatalysts. Biofuel cells generate electric current sufficient to drive a self-contained biodevice by converting chemical energy into electricity. The chemical energy of living organisms is drawn from glucose and oxygen dissolved in an organisms physiological liquids. Glucose oxidation occurs on an anodic electrode, and oxygen reduction on the other one, which is a cathode. When the two electrodes close, an electrical circuit is formed to let the current through. Prior to this set of experiments, all in vivo biofuel cell implantations were based on macroscopic devices only. Using microscopic cells is believed to cause minimal damage to living tissues.

A Russian- Swedish research team comprising scientists from Russias Moscow based Kurchatov Institute and Swedens University of Malmo has reportedly completed one of the first scientific efforts aimed at implanting biofuel cells into living mammals. The team has successfully developed microscopic glucose and oxygen powered biofuel cells and implanted them in the brains of rats. The

Autonomous biodevice for minimally invasive neuron interfacing

12

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

Additionally scientists have proven that biofuel cells can operate in the human body. They did not experiment on humans directly and instead conducted tests using complex human physiological fluids such as blood, saliva, lacrimal fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, etc. The main obstacle towards implication of such developments is the effect of exclusion of foreign bodies by a living organism. According to developers such biofuel cells could power advanced glucose sensors/pacemakers. In future miniature, self-contained biodevices powered by biofuel cells may enable a new generation of implantable, wireless, minimally invasive neural interfaces for neurophysiological in vivo studies and for clinical applications. 2. Diagnostics System to Detect Disease with One Drop of Blood developed Scientists from the State Research Centre of Virology and Biotechnology Vector have developed a new test system for express diagnostics of cardiac and other acute cases. Only10 l blood is required to diagnose a case at a very early stage. Additionally, this method can forecast possible development of pathologies in order to prevent the disease on time. According to Alexander Sergeyev, CEO of the Research Centre, the method involves alternating electrical fields that enable the assessment of the viscoelastic behavior of the blood cells particularly erythrocytes by 20 parameters. The erythrocytes reflect mans health and are interlinked with somatic disorders, such as cardiovascular, liver, kidney and other diseases. One can make about 50-80 tests per hour. The automatisation of the process can increase this figure by 200 tests per hour in the future. 3. Miscanthus Cellulose to Replace Damaged Living Tissues unveiled Institute for Problems of Chemical & Energetic Technologies, SB RAS has unveiled new bacterial biocompatible cellulose which could

be used for replacing the damaged living tissues in the human body. The scientists have produced a biofabric from miscanthus to treat burns and wounds on the skin and in other tissues. Miscanthus, one of the most widespread ornamental plants, turned out to be just the right and easily accessible raw material.

Scientist Budaeva holding fine cellulose fabric made from miscanthus

According to Vera Budaeva, Head of the Bioconversion Laboratory, the bacterial cellulose is a very fine fabric of no more than five nanometers in diameter. Two dozens of such fibers can easily fit into one track of a compact disk. In perspective, this material could also be used to make blood vessels and cartilages. As per Budaeva, there is a large number of local companies that could start manufacturing this unique fabric. Most of them are already involved in joint projects within the framework of the Altay biopharmaceutical cluster. For example, research and production centre Altay is already manufacturing core materials for post-surgery and anti-ambustial bandages which use fine-dispersed metal nitrides as antiseptic material. 4. Painless Microneedles Syringe developed to Replace

A Russian-American research group led by Prof Zemlyanova from the Perm State University (PSU) and Prof Mark Prausnitz from the Georgia Institute of Technology has been

13

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

jointly working since 2011 on development of technology for future diagnosis using Microneedle Chip. The team has developed the microneedle chip as a painless alternative to the hypodermic needle and syringe for effective collection and analysis of subcutaneous fluid. A single chip the size of a drawing pin has 100 hollow polymeric microneedles that pierce the skin. Once the sample is taken, they dissolve within 10-15 minutes and the intercellular fluid (biomaterial) remains in the chip. According to Marina Zemlyanova, Russian Head of the research team, preclinical studies demonstrate that polymer microneedles are perfectly safe and their use does not cause any complications. The method is cost-effective, painless and devoid of psychological discomfort, patients can even take this analysis themselves, and microneedle punctures leave no trace on the skin. Moreover, the chips do not require disposal. As part of the project Permian biologists investigated subcutaneous fluid in the intercellular and pericellular spaces of living tissues and organs and came to a conclusion that it was similar on a number of parameters to blood plasma and therefore it could be used in place of blood for diagnosing diseases. The microneedles could be used for collecting the fluid not only for diagnosing diseases but also for controlling the blood sugar, relieving local swelling in cosmetology and dentistry and may actually work better for vaccination and intracellular delivery of select drugs. Clinical trials are planned to be conducted in 2014 on human volunteers both in Russia and in the US. After final testing the new technology would be launched for production on a commercial scale. The scientific team has estimated that microneedle chips would be more cost-effective than conventional syringes. According to Zemlyanova, in Russia about 60 mln blood tests are taken each year

to diagnose diseases, while the market growth rate of lab research in Russia estimates 15-18%. At the same time the cost of disposal of one syringe of 2.5 times higher than its price. 5. Aging Tissues regenerate with the Russian Balm The VA Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) RAS, the NK Koltsov Institute of Developmental Biology RAS and Moscow Physical-Technical Institute have jointly studied one of the most effective balms against alopecia. Scientists initially expected that the drug stimulates cell division of different types of cells or increases their resistance to stress. However, studies showed that the balm kills old cells and the released nutrients stimulate metabolism in the surrounding tissues. Thus, the surrounding tissue is rejuvenated and receives good nutrition. The researchers have not disclosed the composition of the balm but inform that its contents include a mixture of nitrogencontaining algae and a mixture of oily plant extracts and vitamins. To prove that the balm is effective, skin samples were collected from two male patients aged 40 and 45. They had little hair on their scalps with degenerate and tiny hair follicles and degrading subcutaneous tissues. Four months later after using the balm their hair became thicker and active follicles increased in both number and size. The structure of the skin also improved, subcutaneous tissue became well-developed and filled with blood vessels.

Human skin tissues before and after applying the balm-hair follicles grow in size and become active

14

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

In view of the fact that hair growth begins with stimulation of mesenchymal stem cells, scientists at the next stage studied how the balm affects the stem cells obtained from the bone marrow of mice, and how it also affects different types of human cells present in the follicle and in the surrounding skin.

relieves pain after thermal burns and prevents formation of blisters. Therefore its properties may also stimulate regeneration, which does not contradict an autophagy hypothesis. The hypothesis is currently under verification. Scientists believe that activation of autophagy can be considered as a promising new treatment against pathologies related to aging processes. The research has been supported by grant of the RMES. 6. Dental Prostheses Diamond developed Strong as

Stem cells from mice converted into fat cells under the influence of the balm. Fat bubbles are coloured red. Such processes indicate that an autophagy process leads to release of nutrients that restore subcutaneous fat cells, which in turn provide nutrition and energy to hair follicles

Cellular senescence is usually accompanied by oxidative stress. In the presence of active oxygen species, the balm stimulates autophagy (self-digestion) of cells in human connective tissues. Therefore high-energy fission products are released out of dissolving cells, nourish neighboring cells and accelerate their metabolism. According to Egor Egorov, Head of research and leading research fellow of the IMB RAS, the team is presently conducting experiments on mice to examine possible side effects of the drug after its prolonged use. The balm does not work on young healthy mammals but heals bald patches on old mice. As per Egorov various plant components in the balm are likely to restore the skin tissues and follicles in various ways, and the autophagic regeneration may be only just one of these processes. Hair follicle has a unique structure with very high metabolic activity. Immune reactions may occur inside the follicles. Inflammation that consists of a destructive phase and a recovery phase with regeneration processes is an integral component of immune response. The balm affects the entire course of inflammation - it

Lusine Elbakian, a postgraduate from the Volgograd State University (VolSU), has applied her nanotech-based approach to double the service life of dental prostheses and filling material. Her technology involves adding highly strong grinded carbon nanotubes to existing dental plastics typically used to make temporary prostheses and fillings. The new development is expected to make a breakthrough in stomatology. According to Irina Zaporotskova, Director of the Institute of Priority Technologies of the VolSU, the micro-hard nanotubes are just a few dozen nanometers in diameter, and are already in demand not only in medicine but also in electronics and robotics. A carbon nanotubes unique advantages include its ability to create compounds that are next to diamonds in strength. The service life of a conventional temporary prosthesis is about a month, and it has to be replaced repeatedly during dental treatment. Using this innovation material the service life of a device could be boosted up to six months. Additionally, the Volgograd material is only 25% of the standard cost of international analogs and is well comparable to those in strength. The technology for making superstrong prostheses and durable fillings is currently at the experimental stage. However, it caught attention of the Volgograd regional dental clinic. The project would be tested at the clinic in the department of pediatric orthodontics. This development could

15

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

however be applied successfully after it is registered officially. 7. Next Gen Photoconductive Material developed Scientists of the SB, RAS-Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics have developed a new material with the help of which images of objects become visible in terahertz range. A prototype of a THz sensor has reportedly been made as a first step. According to Sergey Dvoretsky, Head of the Laboratory, Institute specialists have already come up with newest photosensitive materials, which are cadmium-, tellurium- and mercury-based thin-film structures which have demonstrated very high sensitivity to both infrared light and terahertz radiation. This kind of THz radiation with a wavelength of 3-0.03 mm easily penetrates plastic, wood and ceramics, while being unable to pierce water or metals. As per Dvoretsky, a multi-pixel photosensitive receiver based on this advanced material can be used for creation of cutting-edge systems for inspection, medical diagnostics systems and also for other similar devices for different applications including for example thermal imaging surveys at buildings. Thermal imaging devices based on such photosensitive receivers could have a wide array of applications in both civilian and militarypurpose technologies. 8. Cutting-Edge Nanofiber Facial Masks developed Conventional masks are made from layers of nonwoven material. Its fibers have a diameter large enough for small particles to easily pass through the bandage. After using this mask for some time, the surface of the mask becomes moisty, and moist is an excellent medium for bacteria breeding. Scientists from the Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (NIFKhI) have created next gen medical facial masks from advanced

nanofibers. The know-how of production of such nanofibers has been obtained quite recently. Using these developments the specialists were able to manufacture smart air-purifying masks that can protect humans in case of emission of harmful substances, fire smoke and viruses. The respirator plays the most important role and needs to be attached to the face firmly. Scientists from the Karpov Institute believe that a hazardous reagent emission or a disease outbreak can happen at any moment; therefore all civilians should have a sufficient supply of nanomasks to protect themselves from contaminated air. 9. Carbon-based Brake Aircraft developed Disks for

Carbon brake disks on the main landing gear of the A320 at the Airbus assembly

The scientific team from the Chemistry Department of Moscow State University has introduced a state-of-the-art technology to manufacture aircraft brake disks from carbonbased composites. These next-generation brake disks are reportedly four times lighter than the ones based on metal-ceramic, and are much more wear-resistant. In addition, new equipment reduces production cycle period of new brake discs up to three months. A pilot production run of the new carbon composite brake disks has been manufactured by RUBIN, an aircraft-building corporation based in Moscow region. According to Yevgeny Kramarenko, CEO of RUBIN, characteristics of the new material

16

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

including its braking properties and overheat resistance in operation at temperatures of over 1000C, make it unique and in demand by other industrial sectors.

Ramazanov, the project developer and VTC CEO, the product has a wide range of practical applications including polymerization in space could help create materials that can cool people in scorching heat and warm them in freezing cold, providing a closed biological cycle on space stations, creating organisms and plants, drugs and biological materials with new and unique properties. In November 2013 the vortex reactor passed successful flight-testing at the Gagarin Research & Test Cosmonaut Training Centre that was built to support manned space programs and space exploration activities. However, the vortex reactor is a prototype that needs to be further modified and adapted to specific tasks and requirements. The VTC had earlier developed a vortex aquareactor to grow seaweeds and fodder protein, which became one of the best inventions at the International Exhibition of Inventions of Geneva. IV Profile of R&D Industry in Russia Institutes and of

Landing of the Airbus320 with carbon brake disks

The setting up of the pilot production had required an investment of $12.3mln (400 mln Rub) of which $4.3mln was granted by the Russian Ministry for Education and Science. The company has planned testing of chassis with the new brake disks in 2014. The initial production line would operate at a capacity of 3,000 disks a year then switch to full production by the end of 2015. The development may be later used in the serial manufacture of next generation aircraft of leading domestic companies such as JSC Tupolev, JSC Sukhoi, and JSC Irkut. 10. Vortex Reactor to create Materials in Space developed New

1. AN Nesmeyanov Institute Organoelement Compounds RAS


Director Address

Zero gravity conditions make it possible to create products and materials with properties completely different from those on the Earth. A Siberian company Vortex Technologies Center (VTC) has made use of this by developing a vortex reactor for mixing liquids in weightlessness. According to developers this invention opens new prospects for lifesupport in long-term space missions and paves the way for the development of new materials with unique properties. While in the state of weightlessness with its microgravity any liquid takes the shape of a ball with a bubble inside, which halts its mixing. The state-of-the-art technology tames the tornado to enable it produce any desired power for mixing the materials. According to Yuri

: Prof Aziz M Muzafarov : 119991, Russia, GSP-1, Moscow, V-334, Vavilova St 28 Contacts : Tel: 7-499-135-61-66 Fax: 7499-135-50-85; E-mail: larina@ineos.ac.ru; Homepage: http://www.ineos.ac.ru/en/management.html

INEOS RAS was founded in 1954 by Acad AN Nesmeyanov, the then President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, a prominent scientist and founder of modern organoelement chemistry. Presently INEOS is a large research centre with a talented pool of scientific researchers, professors and PhD scholars. Being the fountainhead of organoelement and macromolecular chemistry, INEOS is an internationally recognized and reputed research establishment. Apart from traditional scientific

17

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

disciplines valuable experience accumulated during these years has given rise to a series of new scientific fields which are characterised by a unique combination of organic, organoelement, coordination, physical chemistry, and chemistry of the macromolecular and natural biologically active compounds. Prominent foreign scientists and representatives of science-oriented companies are frequent visitors to INEOS. The Institute participates in several joint projects with foreign institutions and companies directed to research collaboration and commercialisation of know-how and new synthesized products. INEOS RAS conducts research in the following areas: Development of directed synthesis methods of organoelement, organometallic, coordination and optical active compounds with purpose of creation of substances, semi-products and materials with specified properties for the requirements of high-technology areas of industry, bio technology, medicine and agriculture in accordance with the requirements of safety, ecology and energy efficiency; Synthesis and research of structure and properties of organoelement and metal containing polymers. Intellectual and functional polymers and multicomponent polymer systems for application in high technologies, including hydrogen energetics, space and special equipment. Theory and mathematical modeling; Organoelement and organometallic compounds in asymmetric synthesis and catalysis.Generation of new catalytic systems for realization of important processes in practice, including petroleum products refinement. Elucidation of a nature of catalytic activity and stereo selectivity; Development of formation of new approaches to nanoparticles and

nanocomposites in liquid or condensed media; Directed synthesis of biological active organic, organoelement and high molecular compounds for medic, veterinary and agrochemical requirements.

The deep scientific forays that this Institute has made, has earned it the first national prize for contribution to medicine progress for the representatives of non-medical occupations thanks to the meticulous efforts of KN Makarov and LL Gervits. Other titles and felicitations earned by the INEOS are: State prize of Russian Federation, the order of Friendship for outstanding services in the matter of invention and adoption of new technologies, the medal of order "For services towards motherland" in honour of 300th anniversary of MSU; Prize of Netherlands foundation of polymer technologies for outstanding science achievements, the prize of Russian club of European Academy, several Russian Federation President grants and several Honorary title "Honoured Science Worker of the Russian Federation" to its credit. 2. State All-Union Research and Development and Technological Institute of Machine and Tractor Fleet Operation and Repair (GOSNITI) RAAS
Director Address : Dr Soloviev A Sergey : 109428, Russia, Moscow, 1-st Institutskiy street 1 Contacts : Tel/Fax: (495) 371-01-25; (499) 171-37-27; E-mail: gosniti@list.ru; Homepage: http://www.gosniti.ru

GOSNITI was founded in 1953 is the leading scientific research body of the Russian Academy for Agricultural Sciences in the field of operation, maintenance, and repair of agricultural machinery, new power systems and nanotechnologies. The institute conducts R&D for organization and effective functioning

18

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

of service centers, machine and technology units, production of cutting edge equipment for diagnosis, maintenance and repair of hydraulic units, high-pressure fuel pumps, explosion engines, other units and machine aggregates, as well as equipment and resource saving technologies, including the use of nanomaterials for reconstruction and hardening details of agricultural and other machines. GOSNITI comprises over 16 research labs, 9 scientific subdivisions in Russia and Belarussia, pilot plants in Moscow, Krasnoyarsk and Ryazan and an exhibitioncommercial centre. The institute is proposing a wide range of technologies for restoration, repair, maintenance and diagnostics of machinery developed by the institute and already implemented into industry. The institutes developments have broad application not only in the agricultural but in other sectors such as defense, space and commerce. The Institute is included in the Register of innovation active enterprises of Moscow, and is a member of two technology platforms: "Materials and metallurgical technologies" and "Small-scale distributed power generation". The Institute has fruitful long-term scientific relations with German companies, Estonian University of Life Sciences, CIS countries and aims to establish a long-term R&D cooperation with Asian countries including India. 3. Perm National Research Polytechnic University
Rector Address : Dr Tashkinov A Anatoliy : 614990, Russia, Perm, Komsomolskiy prospect 29 Contacts : Tel/Fax: 8 (342) 2-198-119, 8 (342)2-198-221; E-mail: intedu@pstu.ru; intprojects@pstu.ru; Homepage: http://pstu.ru/en/research/areas/

science and culture being promoted in Perm region, the Urals and Russia. In 2009 among other 29 universities, it was categorized as the National Research University by the Russian Ministery of Education and Science. The University has 9 faculties, 8 institutions, 7 centers of excellence, 29 research and education centers, 36 teaching and research laboratories and 5 engineering centers. It carries out fundamental and applied scientific research making international achievements, stimulating knowledge and promoting technology and developing innovation-based market infrastructure. The priority research areas of the university include Aircraft engine and gas turbine technologies (solution of problems of reliability and service life of gas turbine aircraft engines and power plants, reducing fuel consumption, improving environmental performance (reducing noise, emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases), improving economic efficiency at all stages of the life-cycle engine); Mining and processing of oil, gas and mineral resources (oil, gas and mineral extraction, analysis of geological structure and assessment of possibility of integrated development of mineral resources, development of resource-efficient technologies, territorial development of combined oil and potassium-magnesium salts, processing of hydrocarbon, salts liquor and sub-standard products, cleaning of associated petroleum gas and waste); Nanoindustry (powder metallurgy production, development of technologies for creating porous ceramics with controlled porosity (from nano-to microsize), nanopowder and nanostructured coatings materials); Urbanistics (scientific and technical services related to development of urban

Perm National Research Polytechnic University (PNRPU) was founded in 1953 as the Perm Polytechnic Institute. The Institute has since greatly contributed to the development of

19

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

infrastructure (water supply, water waste treatment, heat and power, transportation, building and construction, traffic control, waste production and consumption), technosphere safety, with development of innovative technologies in the field of informatization of modern urban planning and service-oriented technologies). Perm National Research Polytechnic University has cooperation agreements with universities and organisations worldwide. The list of PNRPUs main partners includes the USA, the UK, most EU and CIS countries, China, Canada, Israel, Australia and Switzerland. 4. Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources RAS
Director Address : Dr VN Zakharov : 111020, Russia, Moscow, Kryukovsky Tupik 4 Contacts : Tel: +7(495)360-8960; Fax: +7(495)360-8960; E-Mail: info@ipkonran.ru; Viktorov_s@mail.ru ; homepage: http://www.ipkonran.ru/index_e.htm

for the processing of minerals. The results of the main research areas serve the basis for the development of mining sciences and scientific and technological progress of various sectors of mining industry. Activities of 14 laboratories of the IPKON RAS which are headed by leading scientists are determined by modern contents of mining sciences and top priority directions of their development. For the coordination and development of scientific and methodological issues the Scientific Councils of the RAS on the problems of mining science and mineral processing operate within the frames of the IPKON RAS. Main Research Areas of the Institute include:

geomechanical basics of the transformation of mineral resources and prevention of ecological catastrophes; novel non-conventional ecologically safe methods of rock breaking; air, gas and dust dynamics basics for the comprehensive and safe development of deposits of solid minerals; design methods, factor analysis and forecasts for mineral deposi development; economic parameters and comprehensive analysis of the development of mineral resource potential; ecological assessment of geosystems; novel information technologies for the research into comprehensive exploitation of the mineral resources; optimizing of geotechnologies for the comprehensive exploitation and saving of the mineral resources; safety problems of operations with the atmosphere which is liable to sudden outbursts; novel ecologically safe processes and technologies for the comprehensive processing of poorly-dressible ores and raw materials;

The Institute of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources RAS (IPKON RAS) was established in 1977 for the development of fundamental research into efficient management of mineral wealth and comprehensive extraction of minerals. The Institute is a mining research focal point within the system of the RAS. IPKON plays a leading role in the development of scientific and methodological issues in mining research as a system of knowledge on the methods and laws of controlled technogenic transformation of mineral resources, their comprehensive and ecologically safe exploitation and conservation; in the development of the theory of rock pressure, gas filtration, sudden outbursts; in the scientific grounding of high resource-saving and resource-recovering ecologically safe geotechnologies which are used for the saving and growth of natural resources; in the development of the theory and methods

20

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

physical and chemical processes for water purification and recovery of useful components from natural and technogenic waters.

1. 17th International Conference on the Methods of Aerophysical Research (ICMAR 2014)


Dates : Jun 30- Jul 06, 2014 Place : Novosibirsk, Russia Coordinator : Dr AD KOSINOV, Conference Scientific Secretary Contacts : Tel: +7(383) 330 33 12; Fax: +7 (383) 330 72 68; Email: icmar@itam.nsc.ru; website: http://conf.nsc.ru/icmar2014;

Institute takes an active part in the handling of the most important economic problems within the frames of the Federal specialpurpose programmes, such as "Economic Mining Complex of the Future", "Security of the Population and Economic Objects with Due Account for the Risk of Natural and Technogenic Catastrophes", "Mineral Wealth of Russia", "Ecologically Clean Power Engineering", "Ecological Security of Russia"; coal industry programme "Coal of Russia" and regional programme "Science for Moscow". IPKON maintains close contacts with R&D institutes incorporated by the Academy or various sectors of the industry, universities and colleges, industrial enterprises. The research pieces of work of the Institute, such as the invention of methods, devices and substances relating to the development of mineral deposits and processing of minerals, are protected with 350 Author's Certificates and 8 patents. The results of the research findings and developments of its scientists are reflected in over 250 books, monographs and academic books, numerous works have been published in Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, China, Poland, USA and some other countries. The outcome of research findings on the development of geotechnologies and mining and processing equipment are employed by mines and integrated mining and metallurgical works of Russia and the CIS members. For instance, the Institute had long developed a technology for search for nonferrous materials (such as nickel and copper) which is applied by the JSC Norilsk Nickel, the worlds largest producer of nickel and palladium and one of the leading producers of platinum and copper. V. Forthcoming Workshops Conferences in Russia and

The conference is related to various topics such as: methods of flow diagnostics; CFD methods and codes: problems of modeling and verification; methods of aerophysical research in interdisciplinary problems. Sections of ICMAR 2014 include: wind tunnels and gas-dynamic facilities, methods of flow diagnostics; stability, turbulence and separation; gas dynamics of internal and external flows; methods of aerophysical research in interdisciplinary problems; training problems of fluid mechanics and engineering technology. 2. XII international conference on Nano-structured Materials (NANO 2014)
Dates : Jul 13-18, 2014 Place : Moscow, Russia Coordinator: Dr Anna A Semenova, Conference Secretary Contacts : Tel: +7 (495) 939-55-57; Fax: +7 (495) 939-47-90; Website: http://www.nano2014.org/about.html; Email: info@nano2014.org

The primary scope of NANO 2014 is to comprehensively discuss state-of-the-art research, recent achievements, global trends, exchange of novel ideas, concepts, techniques and exciting perspectives in nanoscience, nanotechnology and related rapidly developing fields. The conference would focus on topics including carbon nanomaterials, graphene, nanotubes, nanodiamonds; molecular electronics; nanostructured semiconductors; various

21

Science & Technology in Russia

November December 2013

construction nanomaterials; nanomagnetism; plasmonic nanostructures; nanoelectronics, optoelectronics, nanomaterials in catalysis; nanomaterials for energy; nanostructured materials for medicine and sustainable development. 3. EuroQSAR 2014 20th European Symposium on Quantitative Structure - Activity Relationship
Aug 31 - Sep 04, 2014 St Petersburg, Russia Prof V Poroikov, Chairman Tel: +32 10 45 47 77; Fax: +32 10 45 97 19; Email: secretariat@LDOrganisation.com; info@LDOrganisation.com; Website: http://www.ldorganisation.com/v2/produits.ph p?langue=english&cle_menus=1238915734; Dates Place Coordinator Contacts : : : :

dynamics. Sections include vacuum structure and confinement, light and heavy quarks, deconfinement, QCD and new physics, nuclear and astroparticle physics, strongly coupled theories. 5. 2014 International Conference on Aerospace Engineering (ICOAE 2014)
Dates : Jun 21-22, 2014 Place : Moscow, Russia Coordinator : Ms Amy Hu, Conference Secretary Contacts : Tel: +1-6177166164; +861820-7777775; Email: icoae@sciei.org; Website: http://www.icoae.org/

The 20th EuroQSAR symposium on Understanding Chemical-Biological Interactions would include 9 plenary lectures and 28 oral communications and will focus on chemical-biological space: representation, visualisation and navigation; chemo- and bioinformatics approaches to multi-target QSAR; modeling of protein-ligand interactions: structure, function and dynamics; assessing ligand binding kinetics; computational toxicology in drug and chemical safety assessment; translational bioinformatics: from genomes to drugs; emerging QSAR and modeling methods. 4. XIth International Conference on Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum
Dates : Sep 08-12, 2014 Place : Saint Petersburg, Russia Coordinator : Ms Ekaterina Balashova, Conference Manager Contacts : Tel: +7(812)335-20-55 ext. 452; Fax: +7(812)335-20-39; Email: ConfXI@onlinereg.ru; confinementXI@hep.phys.spbu.ru Website: http://phys.spbu.ru/confxi.html ;

ICOAE 2014 aims at bringing together top researchers from Asian Pacific areas, North America, Europe and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of Aerospace Engineering. The conference solicits state-ofthe-art research papers in 48 areas of interest, such as acoustics and noise control aerodynamics; applied mechanics; automation, mechatronics and robotics; automobiles computational techniques; dynamics and vibration; energy engineering and management; engineering materials; internal combustion engines; logistics and scheduling; machinery and machine design; manufacturing engineering; material engineering; resistance and propulsion; robotic automation and control; solid mechanics; space science and technology roadmaps; structural dynamics; system dynamics and simulation; transport phenomena; tribology; turbulence; microgravity thermophysics; technology transfers and spinoffs. 6. 2014 4th International Conference on Mechanics, Simulation and Control (ICMSC2014)
Dates : Jun 21-22, 2014 Place : Moscow, Russia Coordinator : Ms Celine Xi, Conference Secretary

The conference aims to bring together people working in QCD and strong-interaction

22

Science & Technology in Russia : Tel: +1-6177166164; +861820-7777775; Email: icmsc@sciei.org; Website:http://www.icmsc.org/; Contacts

November December 2013

The conference would focus on 32 areas including acoustics and noise control; aerodynamics; applied mechanics; automation, mechatronics and robotics; automotive engineering; biomechanics; cad/cam/cim; cfd; analytical and stochastic modeling techniques and applications; chaos modeling, control and signal transmission; computational and systems biology; information and scientific visualization; knowledge-based simulation; mathematical and numerical methods in simulation & modeling; parallel and distributed computing simulation; simulation application in industry; simulation of intelligent systems. 7. 2014 International Conference on Optoelectronics Information Processing - ICOIP 2014
Dates : Jun 21-22, 2014 Place : Moscow, Russia Coordinator : Ms Celine Xi, Conference Secretary Contacts : Tel: +1-6177166164; +861820-7777775; Email:
icoip@sciei.org; SKYPE: amandasciei@hotmail.com; Website: http://www.icoip.org/;

ICOIP 2014 aims to bring together top researchers from around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of Optoelectronics Information Processing. The conference covers topics such as photonics, optoelectronics and quantum electronics; laser technology and applications; image and vision computing; optical communications; optoelectronic devices and integration.

23