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and not to undermine e orts to "reate en"r2ption standardsG to "reate a Pu)li" :nterest Advo"ate to represent priva"2 and "ivil li)erties )e ore t#e Boreign :ntelligen"e 6urveillan"e %ourtG to "on er on t#e Priva"2 and %ivil Ki)erties +versig#t Eoard t#e po4er to oversee :ntelligen"e %ommunit2 a"tivities or oreign intelligen"e purposes< and not onl2 or "ounterterrorism purposesG and to re"eive 4#istle)lo4ers> "omplaints< to use !utual Kegal Assistan"e Freaties to o)tain ele"troni" "ommuni"ations< and not to use surveillan"e to steal industr2 or trade se"retsG P/ 4#ereas< a""ording to an open memorandum su)mitted to President +)ama )2 Bormer 16A 6enior E3e"utives/0eteran :ntelligen"e Pro essionals or 6anit2 (0:P6) on 7 ?anuar2 201$1< t#e massive "olle"tion o data does not en#an"e t#e a)ilit2 to prevent uture terrorist atta"DsG 4#ereas t#e aut#ors stress t#at mass surveillan"e "ondu"ted )2 t#e 16A #as resulted in t#e prevention o =ero atta"Ds and t#at )illions o dollars #ave )een spent on programmes 4#i"# are less e e"tive and vastl2 more intrusive on "iti=ensM priva"2 t#an an in-#ouse te"#nolog2 "alled F@:1F@REA& t#at 4as "reated in 2001G 4#ereas in respe"t o intelligen"e a"tivities "on"erning non-(6 persons under 6e"tion 702 o B:6A< t#e Re"ommendations to t#e President o t#e (6A re"ognise t#e undamental prin"iple o respe"t or priva"2 and #uman dignit2 as ens#rined in Arti"le 12 o t#e (niversal &e"laration o @uman Rig#ts and Arti"le 17 o t#e :nternational %ovenant on %ivil and Politi"al Rig#tsG 4#ereas t#e2 do not re"ommend granting non-(6 persons t#e same rig#ts and prote"tions as (6 personsG 4#ereas in #is Presidential Poli"2 &ire"tive on 6ignals :ntelligen"e A"tivities o 17 ?anuar2 201$ and t#e related spee"#< (6 President Eara"D +)ama stated t#at mass ele"troni" surveillan"e is ne"essar2 or t#e (nited 6tates to prote"t its national se"urit2< its "iti=ens and t#e "iti=ens o (6 allies and partners< as 4ell as to advan"e its oreign poli"2 interestsG 4#ereas t#is poli"2 dire"tive "ontains "ertain prin"iples regarding t#e "olle"tion< use and s#aring o signals intelligen"e and e3tends "ertain sa eguards to non(6 persons< partl2 providing or treatment eIuivalent to t#at en*o2ed )2 (6 "iti=ens< in"luding sa eguards or t#e personal in ormation o all individuals regardless o t#eir nationalit2 or residen"eG 4#ereas< #o4ever< President +)ama did not "all or an2 "on"rete proposals< parti"ularl2 regarding t#e pro#i)ition o mass surveillan"e a"tivities and t#e introdu"tion o administrative and *udi"ial redress or non-(6 personsG

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'e*al $rame+or, Bundamental rig#ts 6/ 4#ereas t#e report on t#e indings )2 t#e E( %o-%#airs o t#e ad #o" E(-(6 CorDing 7roup on data prote"tion provides or an overvie4 o t#e legal situation in t#e (6< )ut #as ailed to esta)lis# t#e a"ts a)out (6 surveillan"e programmesG 4#ereas no in ormation #as )een made availa)le a)out t#e so-"alled Pse"ond tra"D> CorDing 7roup< under 4#i"# !em)er 6tates dis"uss )ilaterall2 4it# t#e (6 aut#orities matters related to national se"urit2G 4#ereas undamental rig#ts< nota)l2 reedom o e3pression< o t#e press< o t#oug#t< o "ons"ien"e< o religion and o asso"iation< private li e< data prote"tion< as 4ell as t#e rig#t to an e e"tive remed2< t#e presumption o inno"en"e and t#e rig#t to a air trial and non#ttp://"onsortiumne4s/"om/201$/01/07/nsa-insiders-reveal-4#at-4ent-4rong/

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dis"rimination< as ens#rined in t#e %#arter o Bundamental Rig#ts o t#e European (nion and in t#e European %onvention on @uman Rig#ts< are "ornerstones o demo"ra"2G 4#ereas mass surveillan"e o #uman )eings is in"ompati)le 4it# t#ese "ornerstonesG (/ 4#ereas in all !em)er 6tates t#e la4 prote"ts rom dis"losure in ormation "ommuni"ated in "on iden"e )et4een la42er and "lient< a prin"iple 4#i"# #as )een re"ognised )2 t#e European %ourt o ?usti"e1G 4#ereas in its resolution o 23 +"to)er 2013 on organised "rime< "orruption and mone2 laundering Parliament "alled on t#e %ommission to su)mit a legislative proposal esta)lis#ing an e e"tive and "ompre#ensive European 4#istle)lo4er prote"tion programme in order to prote"t E( inan"ial interests and urt#ermore "ondu"t an e3amination on 4#et#er su"# uture legislation s#ould also "over ot#er ields o (nion "ompeten"eG

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(nion "ompeten"es in t#e ield o se"urit2 C/ 4#ereas a""ording to Arti"le ,7(3) FBE( t#e E( Ps#all endeavour to ensure a #ig# level o se"urit2>G 4#ereas t#e provisions o t#e Freat2 (in parti"ular Arti"le $(2) FE(< Arti"le 72 FBE( and Arti"le 73 FBE() impl2 t#at t#e E( possesses "ertain "ompeten"es on matters relating to t#e "olle"tive se"urit2 o t#e (nionG 4#ereas t#e E( #as "ompeten"e in matters o internal se"urit2 (Arti"le $(*) FBE() and #as e3er"ised t#is "ompeten"e )2 de"iding on a num)er o legislative instruments and "on"luding international agreements (P1R< FBFP) aimed at ig#ting serious "rime and terrorism< and )2 setting up an internal se"urit2 strateg2 and agen"ies 4orDing in t#is ieldG 4#ereas t#e Freat2 on t#e Bun"tioning o t#e European (nion states t#at Pit s#all )e open to !em)er 6tates to organise )et4een t#emselves and under t#eir responsi)ilit2 su"# orms o "ooperation and "oordination as t#e2 deem appropriate )et4een t#e "ompetent departments o t#eir administrations responsi)le or sa eguarding national se"urit2> (Arti"le 73 FBE()G 4#ereas Arti"le 27, FBE( states t#at Pin e3er"ising its po4ers regarding t#e provisions o %#apters $ and 5 o Fitle 0 o Part F#ree relating to t#e area o reedom< se"urit2 and *usti"e< t#e %ourt o ?usti"e o t#e European (nion s#all #ave no *urisdi"tion to revie4 t#e validit2 or proportionalit2 o operations "arried out )2 t#e poli"e or ot#er la4 en or"ement servi"es o a !em)er 6tate or t#e e3er"ise o t#e responsi)ilities in"um)ent upon !em)er 6tates 4it# regard to t#e maintenan"e o la4 and order and t#e sa eguarding o internal se"urit2>G 4#ereas t#e "on"epts o Pnational se"urit2>< Pinternal se"urit2>< Pinternal se"urit2 o t#e E(> and Pinternational se"urit2> overlapG 4#ereas t#e 0ienna %onvention on t#e Ka4 o Freaties< t#e prin"iple o sin"ere "ooperation among E( !em)er 6tates and t#e #uman rig#ts la4 prin"iple o interpreting an2 e3emptions narro4l2 point to4ards a restri"tive interpretation o t#e notion o Pnational se"urit2> and reIuire t#at !em)er 6tates re rain rom en"roa"#ing upon E( "ompeten"esG

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?udgement o 1- !a2 1'-2 in %ase %-155/7'< A! \ 6 Europe Kimited v %ommission o t#e European %ommunities/

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AA/ 4#ereas t#e European Freaties "on er on t#e European %ommission t#e role o t#e P7uardian o t#e Freaties>< and it is t#ere ore t#e legal responsi)ilit2 o t#e %ommission to investigate an2 potential )rea"#es o E( la4G AE/ 4#ereas< in a""ordan"e 4it# Arti"le , FE(< re erring to t#e E( %#arter o Bundamental Rig#ts and t#e E%@R< !em)er 6tates> agen"ies and even private parties a"ting in t#e ield o national se"urit2 also #ave to respe"t t#e rig#ts ens#rined t#erein< )e t#e2 o t#eir o4n "iti=ens or o "iti=ens o ot#er statesG E3traterritorialit2 A%/ 4#ereas t#e e3traterritorial appli"ation )2 a t#ird "ountr2 o its la4s< regulations and ot#er legislative or e3e"utive instruments in situations alling under t#e *urisdi"tion o t#e E( or its !em)er 6tates ma2 impa"t on t#e esta)lis#ed legal order and t#e rule o la4< or even violate international or E( la4< in"luding t#e rig#ts o natural and legal persons< taDing into a""ount t#e e3tent and t#e de"lared or a"tual aim o su"# an appli"ationG 4#ereas< in t#ese "ir"umstan"es< it is ne"essar2 to taDe a"tion at (nion level to ensure t#at t#e E( values ens#rined in Arti"le 2 FE(< t#e %#arter o Bundamental Rig#ts< t#e E%@R re erring to undamental rig#ts< demo"ra"2 and t#e rule o la4< and t#e rig#ts o natural and legal persons as ens#rined in se"ondar2 legislation appl2ing t#ese undamental prin"iples< are respe"ted 4it#in t#e E(< or e3ample )2 removing< neutralising< )lo"Ding or ot#er4ise "ountering t#e e e"ts o t#e oreign legislation "on"ernedG -nternational trans$ers o$ data A&/ 4#ereas t#e trans er o personal data )2 E( institutions< )odies< o i"es or agen"ies or )2 t#e !em)er 6tates to t#e (6 or la4 en or"ement purposes in t#e a)sen"e o adeIuate sa eguards and prote"tions or t#e respe"t o t#e undamental rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< in parti"ular t#e rig#ts to priva"2 and t#e prote"tion o personal data< 4ould maDe t#at E( institution< )od2< o i"e or agen"2 or t#at !em)er 6tate lia)le< under Arti"le 3$0 FBE( or t#e esta)lis#ed "ase la4 o t#e %?E(1< or )rea"# o E( la4 . 4#i"# in"ludes an2 violation o t#e undamental rig#ts ens#rined in t#e E( %#arterG AE/ 4#ereas t#e trans er o data is not geograp#i"all2 limited< and< espe"iall2 in a "onte3t o in"reasing glo)alisation and 4orld4ide "ommuni"ation< t#e E( legislator is "on ronted 4it# ne4 "#allenges in terms o prote"ting personal data and "ommuni"ationsG 4#ereas it is t#ere ore o t#e utmost importan"e to oster legal rame4orDs on "ommon standardsG AB/ 4#ereas t#e mass "olle"tion o personal data or "ommer"ial purposes and in t#e ig#t against terror and serious transnational "rime puts at risD t#e personal data and priva"2 rig#ts o E( "iti=ensG Frans ers to t#e (6 )ased on t#e (6 6a e @ar)our A7/ 4#ereas t#e (6 data prote"tion legal rame4orD does not ensure an adeIuate level o prote"tion or E( "iti=ensG A@/ 4#ereas< in order to ena)le E( data "ontrollers to trans er personal data to an entit2 in t#e (6< t#e %ommission< in its &e"ision 2000/520/E%< #as de"lared t#e adeIua"2 o t#e
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?oined %ases %-,/'0 and %-'/'0< Bran"ovi"# and ot#ers v/ :tal2< *udgment o 2- !a2 1''1/

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prote"tion provided )2 t#e 6a e @ar)our priva"2 prin"iples and t#e related BAXs issued )2 t#e (6 &epartment o %ommer"e or personal data trans erred rom t#e (nion to organisations esta)lis#ed in t#e (6 t#at #ave *oined t#e 6a e @ar)ourG A:/ 4#ereas in its resolution o 5 ?ul2 2000 Parliament e3pressed dou)ts and "on"erns as to t#e adeIua"2 o t#e 6a e @ar)our< and "alled on t#e %ommission to revie4 t#e de"ision in good time< in t#e lig#t o e3perien"e and o an2 legislative developmentsG 4#ereas in Parliament>s 4orDing do"ument $ on (6 6urveillan"e a"tivities 4it# respe"t to E( data and its possi)le legal impli"ations on transatlanti" agreements and "ooperation o 12 &e"em)er 2013< t#e rapporteurs e3pressed dou)ts and "on"erns as to t#e adeIua"2 o 6a e @ar)our and "alled on t#e %ommission to repeal t#e de"ision on t#e adeIua"2 o 6a e @ar)our and to ind ne4 legal solutionsG

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A9/ 4#ereas %ommission &e"ision 2000/520/E% stipulates t#at t#e "ompetent aut#orities in !em)er 6tates ma2 e3er"ise t#eir e3isting po4ers to suspend data lo4s to an organisation t#at #as sel -"erti ied its ad#eren"e to t#e 6a e @ar)our prin"iples< in order to prote"t individuals 4it# regard to t#e pro"essing o t#eir personal data in "ases 4#ere t#ere is a su)stantial liDeli#ood t#at t#e 6a e @ar)our prin"iples are )eing violated or t#at t#e "ontinuing trans er 4ould "reate an imminent risD o grave #arm to data su)*e"tsG AK/ 4#ereas %ommission &e"ision 2000/520/E% also states t#at 4#ere eviden"e #as )een provided t#at an2)od2 responsi)le or ensuring "omplian"e 4it# t#e prin"iples is not e e"tivel2 ul illing t#eir role< t#e %ommission must in orm t#e (6 &epartment o %ommer"e and< i ne"essar2< present measures 4it# a vie4 to reversing or suspending t#e &e"ision or limiting its s"opeG A!/ 4#ereas in its irst t4o reports on t#e implementation o t#e 6a e @ar)our< pu)lis#ed in 2002 and 200$< t#e %ommission identi ied several de i"ien"ies as regards t#e proper implementation o t#e 6a e @ar)our and made a num)er o re"ommendations to t#e (6 aut#orities 4it# a vie4 to re"ti 2ing t#ose de i"ien"iesG A1/ 4#ereas in its t#ird implementation report< o 27 1ovem)er 2013< nine 2ears a ter t#e se"ond report and 4it#out an2 o t#e de i"ien"ies re"ognised in t#at report #aving )een re"ti ied< t#e %ommission identi ied urt#er 4ide-ranging 4eaDnesses and s#ort"omings in t#e 6a e @ar)our and "on"luded t#at t#e "urrent implementation "ould not )e maintainedG 4#ereas t#e %ommission #as stressed t#at 4ide-ranging a""ess )2 (6 intelligen"e agen"ies to data trans erred to t#e (6 )2 6a e @ar)our-"erti ied entities raises additional serious Iuestions as to t#e "ontinuit2 o prote"tion o t#e data o E( data su)*e"tsG 4#ereas t#e %ommission addressed 13 re"ommendations to t#e (6 aut#orities and undertooD to identi 2 )2 summer 201$< toget#er 4it# t#e (6 aut#orities< remedies to )e implemented as soon as possi)le< orming t#e )asis or a ull revie4 o t#e un"tioning o t#e 6a e @ar)our prin"iplesG A+/ 4#ereas on 2--31 +"to)er 2013 a delegation o t#e European Parliament>s %ommittee on %ivil Ki)erties< ?usti"e and @ome A airs (K:EE %ommittee) met in Cas#ington &/%/ 4it# t#e (6 &epartment o %ommer"e and t#e (6 Bederal Frade %ommissionG 4#ereas t#e &epartment o %ommer"e a"Dno4ledged t#e e3isten"e o organisations #aving sel -"erti ied ad#eren"e to 6a e @ar)our Prin"iples )ut "learl2 s#o4ing a Pnot-"urrent status>< meaning t#at t#e "ompan2 does not ul il 6a e @ar)our reIuirements alt#oug# "ontinuing to re"eive personal data rom t#e E(G 4#ereas t#e Bederal Frade %ommission

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admitted t#at t#e 6a e @ar)our s#ould )e revie4ed in order to improve it< parti"ularl2 4it# regard to "omplaints and alternative dispute resolution s2stemsG AP/ 4#ereas 6a e @ar)our Prin"iples ma2 )e limited Mto t#e e3tent ne"essar2 to meet national se"urit2< pu)li" interest< or la4 en or"ement reIuirementsMG 4#ereas< as an e3"eption to a undamental rig#t< su"# an e3"eption must al4a2s )e interpreted restri"tivel2 and )e limited to 4#at is ne"essar2 and proportionate in a demo"rati" so"iet2< and t#e la4 must "learl2 esta)lis# t#e "onditions and sa eguards to maDe t#is limitation legitimateG 4#ereas t#e s"ope o appli"ation o su"# e3"eption s#ould #ave )een "lari ied )2 t#e (6 and t#e E(< nota)l2 )2 t#e %ommission< to avoid an2 interpretation or implementation t#at nulli ies in su)stan"e t#e undamental rig#t to priva"2 and data prote"tion< among ot#ersG 4#ereas< "onseIuentl2< su"# an e3"eption s#ould not )e used in a 4a2 t#at undermines or nulli ies t#e prote"tion a orded )2 %#arter o Bundamental Rig#ts< t#e E%@R< t#e E( data prote"tion la4 and t#e 6a e @ar)our prin"iplesG insists t#at i t#e national se"urit2 e3"eption is invoDed< it must )e spe"i ied under 4#i"# national la4G AX/ 4#ereas large-s"ale a""ess )2 (6 intelligen"e agen"ies #as seriousl2 eroded transatlanti" trust and negativel2 impa"ted on trust as regards (6 organisations a"ting in t#e E(G 4#ereas t#is is urt#er e3a"er)ated )2 t#e la"D o *udi"ial and administrative redress or E( "iti=ens under (6 la4< parti"ularl2 in "ases o surveillan"e a"tivities or intelligen"e purposesG Frans ers to t#ird "ountries 4it# t#e adeIua"2 de"ision AR/ 4#ereas a""ording to t#e in ormation revealed and to t#e indings o t#e inIuir2 "ondu"ted )2 t#e K:EE %ommittee< t#e national se"urit2 agen"ies o 1e4 Zealand< %anada and Australia #ave )een involved on a large s"ale in mass surveillan"e o ele"troni" "ommuni"ations and #ave a"tivel2 "ooperated 4it# t#e (6 under t#e so- "alled PBive E2es> programme< and ma2 #ave e3"#anged 4it# ea"# ot#er personal data o E( "iti=ens trans erred rom t#e E(G A6/ 4#ereas %ommission &e"isions 2013/,5/E(1 and 2002/2/E%2 #ave de"lared t#e levels o prote"tion ensured )2< respe"tivel2< t#e 1e4 Zealand Priva"2 A"t and t#e %anadian Personal :n ormation Prote"tion and Ele"troni" &o"uments A"t to )e adeIuateG 4#ereas t#e a orementioned revelations also seriousl2 a e"t trust in t#e legal s2stems o t#ese "ountries as regards t#e "ontinuit2 o prote"tion a orded to E( "iti=ensG 4#ereas t#e %ommission #as not e3amined t#is aspe"tG Frans ers )ased on "ontra"tual "lauses and ot#er instruments AF/ 4#ereas &ire"tive '5/$,/E% provides t#at international trans ers to a t#ird "ountr2 ma2 also taDe pla"e )2 means o spe"i i" instruments 4#ere)2 t#e "ontroller addu"es adeIuate sa eguards 4it# respe"t to t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2 and undamental rig#ts and reedoms o individuals and as regards t#e e3er"ise o t#e "orresponding rig#tsG A(/ 4#ereas su"# sa eguards ma2 in parti"ular result rom appropriate "ontra"tual "lausesG A0/ 4#ereas &ire"tive '5/$,/E% empo4ers t#e %ommission to de"ide t#at spe"i i" standard "ontra"tual "lauses o er su i"ient sa eguards reIuired )2 t#e &ire"tive< and 4#ereas on
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t#is )asis t#e %ommission #as adopted t#ree models o standard "ontra"tual "lauses or trans ers to "ontrollers and pro"essors (and su)-pro"essors) in t#ird "ountriesG AC/ 4#ereas t#e %ommission &e"isions esta)lis#ing t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses stipulate t#at t#e "ompetent aut#orities in !em)er 6tates ma2 e3er"ise t#eir e3isting po4ers to suspend data lo4s 4#ere it is esta)lis#ed t#at t#e la4 to 4#i"# t#e data importer or a su)-pro"essor is su)*e"t imposes upon t#em reIuirements to derogate rom t#e appli"a)le data prote"tion la4 4#i"# go )e2ond t#e restri"tions ne"essar2 in a demo"rati" so"iet2 as provided or in Arti"le 13 o &ire"tive '5/$,/E%< 4#ere t#ose reIuirements are liDel2 to #ave a su)stantial adverse e e"t on t#e guarantees provided )2 t#e appli"a)le data prote"tion la4 and t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses< or 4#ere t#ere is a su)stantial liDeli#ood t#at t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses in t#e anne3 are not )eing or 4ill not )e "omplied 4it# and t#e "ontinuing trans er 4ould "reate an imminent risD o grave #arm to t#e data su)*e"tsG AR/ 4#ereas national data prote"tion aut#orities #ave developed )inding "orporate rules (E%Rs) in order to a"ilitate international trans ers 4it#in a multinational "orporation 4it# adeIuate sa eguards 4it# respe"t to t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2 and undamental rig#ts and reedoms o individuals and as regards t#e e3er"ise o t#e "orresponding rig#tsG 4#ereas )e ore )eing used< E%Rs need to )e aut#orised )2 t#e !em)er 6tates> "ompetent aut#orities a ter t#e latter #ave assessed "omplian"e 4it# (nion data prote"tion la4G 4#ereas E%Rs or data pro"essors #ave )een re*e"ted in t#e K:EE %ommittee report on t#e 7eneral &ata Prote"tion Regulation< as t#e2 4ould leave t#e data "ontroller and t#e data su)*e"t 4it#out an2 "ontrol over t#e *urisdi"tion in 4#i"# t#eir data is pro"essedG AV/ 4#ereas t#e European Parliament< given its "ompeten"e stipulated )2 Arti"le 21- FBE(< #as t#e responsi)ilit2 to "ontinuousl2 monitor t#e value o international agreements it #as given its "onsent toG Frans ers )ased on FBFP and P1R agreements AZ/ 4#ereas in its resolution o 23 +"to)er 2013 Parliament e3pressed serious "on"erns over t#e revelations "on"erning t#e 16A>s a"tivities as regards dire"t a""ess to inan"ial pa2ments messages and related data< 4#i"# 4ould "onstitute a "lear )rea"# o t#e FBFP Agreement< and in parti"ular Arti"le 1 t#ereo G EA/ 4#ereas terrorist inan"e tra"Ding is an essential tool in t#e ig#t against terrorism inan"ing and serious "rime< allo4ing "ounterterrorism investigators to dis"over linDs )et4een targets o investigation and ot#er potential suspe"ts "onne"ted 4it# 4ider terrorist net4orDs suspe"ted o inan"ing terrorismG EE/ 4#ereas Parliament asDed t#e %ommission to suspend t#e Agreement and reIuested t#at all relevant in ormation and do"uments )e made availa)le immediatel2 or Parliament>s deli)erationsG 4#ereas t#e %ommission #as done neit#erG E%/ 4#ereas ollo4ing t#e allegations pu)lis#ed )2 t#e media< t#e %ommission de"ided to open "onsultations 4it# t#e (6 pursuant to Arti"le 1' o t#e FBFP AgreementG 4#ereas on 27 1ovem)er 2013 %ommissioner !almstrAm in ormed t#e K:EE %ommittee t#at< a ter meeting (6 aut#orities and in vie4 o t#e replies given )2 t#e (6 aut#orities in t#eir letters and during t#eir meetings< t#e %ommission #ad de"ided not to pursue t#e "onsultations on t#e grounds t#at t#ere 4ere no elements s#o4ing t#at t#e (6

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7overnment #as a"ted in a manner "ontrar2 to t#e provisions o t#e Agreement< and t#at t#e (6 #as provided 4ritten assuran"e t#at no dire"t data "olle"tion #as taDen pla"e "ontrar2 to t#e provisions o t#e FBFP agreementG 4#ereas it is not "lear 4#et#er t#e (6 aut#orities #ave "ir"umvented t#e Agreement )2 a""essing su"# data t#roug# ot#er means< as indi"ated in t#e letter o 1- 6eptem)er 2013 rom t#e (6 aut#orities1G E&/ 4#ereas during its visit to Cas#ington o 2--31 +"to)er 2013 t#e K:EE delegation met 4it# t#e (6 &epartment o t#e Freasur2G 4#ereas t#e (6 Freasur2 stated t#at sin"e t#e entr2 into or"e o t#e FBFP Agreement it #ad not #ad a""ess to data rom 6C:BF in t#e E( e3"ept 4it#in t#e rame4orD o t#e FBFPG 4#ereas t#e (6 Freasur2 re used to "omment on 4#et#er 6C:BF data 4ould #ave )een a""essed outside FBFP )2 an2 ot#er (6 government )od2 or department or 4#et#er t#e (6 administration 4as a4are o 16A mass surveillan"e a"tivitiesG 4#ereas on 1- &e"em)er 2013 !r 7lenn 7reen4ald stated )e ore t#e inIuir2 #eld )2 t#e K:EE %ommittee t#at t#e 16A and 7%@X #ad targeted 6C:BF net4orDsG EE/ 4#ereas t#e Eelgian and 1et#erlands data prote"tion aut#orities de"ided on 13 1ovem)er 2013 to "ondu"t a *oint investigation into t#e se"urit2 o 6C:BF>s pa2ment net4orDs in order to as"ertain 4#et#er t#ird parties "ould gain unaut#orised or unla4 ul a""ess to European "iti=ens> )anD data2G EB/ 4#ereas a""ording to t#e ?oint Revie4 o t#e E(-(6 P1R agreement< t#e (6 &epartment o @omeland 6e"urit2 (&@6) made 23 dis"losures o P1R data to t#e 16A on a "ase-)2"ase )asis in support o "ounterterrorism "ases< in a manner "onsistent 4it# t#e spe"i i" terms o t#e AgreementG E7/ 4#ereas t#e ?oint Revie4 ails to mention t#e a"t t#at in t#e "ase o pro"essing o personal data or intelligen"e purposes< under (6 la4< non-(6 "iti=ens do not en*o2 an2 *udi"ial or administrative avenue to prote"t t#eir rig#ts< and "onstitutional prote"tions are onl2 granted to (6 personsG 4#ereas t#is la"D o *udi"ial or administrative rig#ts nulli ies t#e prote"tions or E( "iti=ens laid do4n in t#e e3isting P1R agreementG Frans ers )ased on t#e E(-(6 !utual Kegal Assistan"e Agreement in "riminal matters E@/ 4#ereas t#e E(-(6 Agreement on mutual legal assistan"e in "riminal matters o , ?une 20033 entered into or"e on 1 Be)ruar2 2010 and is intended to a"ilitate "ooperation )et4een t#e E( and t#e (6 to "om)at "rime in a more e e"tive 4a2< #aving due regard or t#e rig#ts o individuals and t#e rule o la4G Brame4orD agreement on data prote"tion in t#e ield o poli"e and *udi"ial "ooperation (Pum)rella agreement>) E:/
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#ttp://444/priva"2"ommission/)e/ r/ne4s/les-instan"es-europ_%3_A'ennes-"#arg_%3_A'es-de-"ontr _%3_E$ler-le-respe"t-de-la-vie-priv_%3_A'e-e3aminent-la

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investigating< dete"ting or prose"uting "riminal o en"es< in"luding terrorism< in t#e rame4orD o poli"e and *udi"ial "ooperation in "riminal mattersG 4#ereas negotiations 4ere aut#orised )2 t#e %oun"il on 2 &e"em)er 2010G 4#ereas t#is agreement is o t#e utmost importan"e and 4ould a"t as t#e )asis to a"ilitate data trans er in t#e "onte3t o poli"e and *udi"ial "ooperation and in "riminal mattersG E?/ 4#ereas t#is agreement s#ould provide or "lear and pre"ise and legall2 )inding datapro"essing prin"iples< and s#ould in parti"ular re"ognise E( "iti=ensM rig#t to *udi"ial a""ess to and re"ti i"ation and erasure o t#eir personal data in t#e (6< as 4ell as t#e rig#t to an e i"ient administrative and *udi"ial redress me"#anism or E( "iti=ens in t#e (6 and independent oversig#t o t#e data-pro"essing a"tivitiesG

E9/ 4#ereas in its "ommuni"ation o 27 1ovem)er 2013 t#e %ommission indi"ated t#at t#e Pum)rella agreement> s#ould result in a #ig# level o prote"tion or "iti=ens on )ot# sides o t#e Atlanti" and s#ould strengt#en t#e trust o Europeans in E(-(6 data e3"#anges< providing a )asis on 4#i"# to develop E(-(6 se"urit2 "ooperation and partners#ip urt#erG EK/ 4#ereas negotiations on t#e agreement #ave not progressed )e"ause o t#e (6 7overnment>s persistent position o re using re"ognition o e e"tive rig#ts o administrative and *udi"ial redress to E( "iti=ens and )e"ause o t#e intention o providing )road derogations to t#e data prote"tion prin"iples "ontained in t#e agreement< su"# as purpose limitation< data retention or on4ard trans ers eit#er domesti"all2 or a)roadG .ata prote%tion re$orm E!/ 4#ereas t#e E( data prote"tion legal rame4orD is "urrentl2 )eing revie4ed in order to esta)lis# a "ompre#ensive< "onsistent< modern and ro)ust s2stem or all data-pro"essing a"tivities in t#e (nionG 4#ereas in ?anuar2 2012 t#e %ommission presented a pa"Dage o legislative proposals: a 7eneral &ata Prote"tion Regulation1< 4#i"# 4ill repla"e &ire"tive '5/$,/E% and esta)lis# a uni orm la4 t#roug#out t#e E(< and a &ire"tive2 4#i"# 4ill la2 do4n a #armonised rame4orD or all data pro"essing a"tivities )2 la4 en or"ement aut#orities or la4 en or"ement purposes and 4ill redu"e t#e "urrent divergen"es among national la4sG E1/ 4#ereas on 21 +"to)er 2013 t#e K:EE %ommittee adopted its legislative reports on t#e t4o proposals and a de"ision on t#e opening o negotiations 4it# t#e %oun"il 4it# a vie4 to #aving t#e legal instruments adopted during t#is legislative termG E+/ 4#ereas< alt#oug# t#e European %oun"il o 2$/25 +"to)er 2013 "alled or t#e timel2 adoption o a strong E( 7eneral &ata Prote"tion rame4orD in order to oster t#e trust o "iti=ens and )usinesses in t#e digital e"onom2< a ter t4o 2ears o deli)erations t#e %oun"il #as still )een una)le to arrive at a general approa"# on t#e 7eneral &ata Prote"tion Regulation and t#e &ire"tive3G -T se%urity and %loud %omputin*
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%+!(2012)0011< 25/1/2012/ %+!(2012)0010< 25/1/2012/
#ttp://444/"onsilium/europa/eu/uedo"s/"msHdata/do"s/pressdata/en/e"/13'1'7/pd

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EP/ 4#ereas Parliament>s a)ovementioned resolution o 10 &e"em)er 2013 emp#asises t#e e"onomi" potential o P"loud "omputing> )usiness or gro4t# and emplo2mentG 4#ereas t#e overall e"onomi" value o t#e "loud marDet is ore"ast to )e 4ort# (6& 207 )illion a 2ear )2 201,< or t4i"e its value in 2012G EX/ 4#ereas t#e level o data prote"tion in a "loud "omputing environment must not )e in erior to t#at reIuired in an2 ot#er data-pro"essing "onte3tG 4#ereas (nion data prote"tion la4< sin"e it is te"#nologi"all2 neutral< alread2 applies ull2 to "loud "omputing servi"es operating in t#e E(G ER/ 4#ereas mass surveillan"e a"tivities give intelligen"e agen"ies a""ess to personal data stored or ot#er4ise pro"essed )2 E( individuals under "loud servi"es agreements 4it# ma*or (6 "loud providersG 4#ereas t#e (6 intelligen"e aut#orities #ave a""essed personal data stored or ot#er4ise pro"essed in servers lo"ated on E( soil )2 tapping into t#e internal net4orDs o Va#oo and 7oogleG 4#ereas su"# a"tivities "onstitute a violation o international o)ligations and o European undamental rig#ts standards in"luding t#e rig#t to private and amil2 li e< t#e "on identialit2 o "ommuni"ations< t#e presumption o inno"en"e< reedom o e3pression< reedom o in ormation< reedom o assem)l2 and asso"iation and t#e reedom to "ondu"t )usinessG 4#ereas it is not e3"luded t#at in ormation stored in "loud servi"es )2 !em)er 6tates> pu)li" aut#orities or undertaDings and institutions #as also )een a""essed )2 intelligen"e aut#oritiesG E6/ 4#ereas (6 intelligen"e agen"ies #ave a poli"2 o s2stemati"all2 undermining "r2ptograp#i" proto"ols and produ"ts in order to )e a)le to inter"ept even en"r2pted "ommuni"ationG 4#ereas t#e (6 1ational 6e"urit2 Agen"2 #as "olle"ted vast num)ers o so "alled P=ero-da2 e3ploits> . :F se"urit2 vulnera)ilities t#at are not 2et Dno4n to t#e pu)li" or t#e produ"t vendorG 4#ereas su"# a"tivities massivel2 undermine glo)al e orts to improve :F se"urit2G EF/ 4#ereas t#e a"t t#at intelligen"e agen"ies #ave a""essed personal data o users o online servi"es #as severel2 distorted t#e trust o "iti=ens in su"# servi"es< and t#ere ore #as an adverse e e"t on )usinesses investing in t#e development o ne4 servi"es using PEig &ata> and ne4 appli"ations su"# as t#e P:nternet o F#ings>G E(/ 4#ereas :F vendors o ten deliver produ"ts t#at #ave not )een properl2 tested or :F se"urit2 or t#at even sometimes #ave )a"Ddoors implanted purpose ull2 )2 t#e vendorG 4#ereas t#e la"D o lia)ilit2 rules or so t4are vendors #as led to su"# a situation< 4#i"# is in turn e3ploited )2 intelligen"e agen"ies )ut also leaves open t#e risD o atta"Ds )2 ot#er entitiesG E0/ 4#ereas it is essential or "ompanies providing su"# ne4 servi"es and appli"ations to respe"t t#e data prote"tion rules and priva"2 o t#e data su)*e"ts 4#ose data are "olle"ted< pro"essed and anal2sed< in order to maintain a #ig# level o trust among "iti=ensG .emo%rati% oversi*ht o$ intelli*en%e servi%es EC/ 4#ereas intelligen"e servi"es in demo"rati" so"ieties are given spe"ial po4ers and "apa)ilities to prote"t undamental rig#ts< demo"ra"2 and t#e rule o la4< "iti=ensM rig#ts and t#e 6tate against internal and e3ternal t#reats< and are su)*e"t to demo"rati" a""ounta)ilit2 and *udi"ial oversig#tG 4#ereas t#e2 are given spe"ial po4ers and "apa)ilities onl2 to t#is endG 4#ereas t#ese po4ers s#ould )e used 4it#in t#e legal limits

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imposed )2 undamental rig#ts< demo"ra"2 and t#e rule o la4 and t#eir appli"ation s#ould )e stri"tl2 s"rutinised< as ot#er4ise t#e2 lose legitima"2 and risD undermining demo"ra"2G ER/ 4#ereas t#e a"t t#at a "ertain level o se"re"2 is "on"eded to intelligen"e servi"es in order to avoid endangering ongoing operations< revealing modi operandi or putting at risD t#e lives o agents< su"# se"re"2 "annot override or e3"lude rules on demo"rati" and *udi"ial s"rutin2 and e3amination o t#eir a"tivities< as 4ell as on transparen"2< nota)l2 in relation to t#e respe"t o undamental rig#ts and t#e rule o la4< all o 4#i"# are "ornerstones in a demo"rati" so"iet2G EV/ 4#ereas most o t#e e3isting national oversig#t me"#anisms and )odies 4ere set up or revamped in t#e 1''0s and #ave not ne"essaril2 )een adapted to t#e rapid politi"al and te"#nologi"al developments over t#e last de"ade t#at #ave led to in"reased international intelligen"e "ooperation< also t#roug# t#e large s"ale e3"#ange o personal data< and o ten )lurring t#e line )et4een intelligen"e and la4 en or"ement a"tivitiesG EZ/ 4#ereas demo"rati" oversig#t o intelligen"e a"tivities is still onl2 "ondu"ted at national level< despite t#e in"rease in e3"#ange o in ormation )et4een E( !em)er 6tates and )et4een !em)er 6tates and t#ird "ountriesG 4#ereas t#ere is an in"reasing gap )et4een t#e level o international "ooperation on t#e one #and and oversig#t "apa"ities limited to t#e national level on t#e ot#er< 4#i"# results in insu i"ient and ine e"tive demo"rati" s"rutin2G %A/ 4#ereas national oversig#t )odies o ten do not #ave ull a""ess to intelligen"e re"eived rom a oreign intelligen"e agen"2< 4#i"# "an lead to gaps in 4#i"# international in ormation e3"#anges "an taDe pla"e 4it#out adeIuate revie4G 4#ereas t#is pro)lem is urt#er aggravated )2 t#e so-"alled Pt#ird part2 rule> or t#e prin"iple o Poriginator "ontrol>< 4#i"# #as )een designed to ena)le originators to maintain "ontrol over t#e urt#er dissemination o t#eir sensitive in ormation< )ut is un ortunatel2 o ten interpreted as appl2ing also to t#e re"ipient servi"esM oversig#tG %E/ 4#ereas private and pu)li" transparen"2 re orm initiatives are De2 to ensuring pu)li" trust in t#e a"tivities o intelligen"e agen"iesG 4#ereas legal s2stems s#ould not prevent "ompanies rom dis"losing to t#e pu)li" in ormation a)out #o4 t#e2 #andle all t2pes o government reIuests and "ourt orders or a""ess to user data< in"luding t#e possi)ilit2 o dis"losing aggregate in ormation on t#e num)er o reIuests and orders approved and re*e"tedG /ain $indin*s 1/ %onsiders t#at re"ent revelations in t#e press )2 4#istle)lo4ers and *ournalists< toget#er 4it# t#e e3pert eviden"e given during t#is inIuir2< admissions )2 aut#orities< and t#e insu i"ient response to t#ese allegations< #ave resulted in "ompelling eviden"e o t#e e3isten"e o ar-rea"#ing< "omple3 and #ig#l2 te"#nologi"all2 advan"ed s2stems designed )2 (6 and some !em)er 6tatesM intelligen"e servi"es to "olle"t< store and anal2se "ommuni"ation data< in"luding "ontent data< lo"ation data and metadata o all "iti=ens around t#e 4orld< on an unpre"edented s"ale and in an indis"riminate and non-suspi"ion)ased mannerG

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Points spe"i i"all2 to (6 16A intelligen"e programmes allo4ing or t#e mass surveillan"e o E( "iti=ens t#roug# dire"t a""ess to t#e "entral servers o leading (6 internet "ompanies (PR:6! programme)< t#e anal2sis o "ontent and metadata (RDe2s"ore programme)< t#e "ir"umvention o online en"r2ption (E(KKR(1)< a""ess to "omputer and telep#one net4orDs< and a""ess to lo"ation data< as 4ell as to s2stems o t#e (9 intelligen"e agen"2 7%@X su"# as t#e upstream surveillan"e a"tivit2 (Fempora programme)< t#e de"r2ption programme (Edge#ill)< t#e targeted Pman-in-t#e-middle atta"Ds> on in ormation s2stems (Xuantumt#eor2 and Bo3a"id programmes) and t#e "olle"tion and retention o 200 million te3t messages per da2 (&is# ire programme)G 1otes t#e allegations o P#a"Ding> or tapping into t#e Eelga"om s2stems )2 t#e (9 intelligen"e agen"2 7%@XG notes t#e statements )2 Eelga"om t#at it "ould neit#er "on irm nor den2 t#at E( institutions 4ere targeted or a e"ted< and t#at t#e mal4are used 4as e3tremel2 "omple3 and its development and use 4ould reIuire e3tensive inan"ial and sta ing resour"es t#at 4ould not )e availa)le to private entities or #a"DersG Emp#asises t#at trust #as )een pro oundl2 s#aDen: trust )et4een t#e t4o transatlanti" partners< trust )et4een "iti=ens and t#eir governments< trust in t#e un"tioning o demo"rati" institutions on )ot# sides o t#e Atlanti"< trust in t#e respe"t o t#e rule o la4< and trust in t#e se"urit2 o :F servi"es and "ommuni"ationG )elieves t#at in order to re)uild trust in all t#ese dimensions< an immediate and "ompre#ensive response plan "omprising a series o a"tions 4#i"# are su)*e"t to pu)li" s"rutin2 is neededG 1otes t#at several governments "laim t#at t#ese mass surveillan"e programmes are ne"essar2 to "om)at terrorismG strongl2 denoun"es terrorism< )ut strongl2 )elieves t#at t#e ig#t against terrorism "an never )e a *usti i"ation or untargeted< se"ret< or even illegal mass surveillan"e programmesG taDes t#e vie4 t#at su"# programmes are in"ompati)le 4it# t#e prin"iples o ne"essit2 and proportionalit2 in a demo"rati" so"iet2G Re"alls t#e E(Ms irm )elie in t#e need to striDe t#e rig#t )alan"e )et4een se"urit2 measures and t#e prote"tion o "ivil li)erties and undamental rig#ts< 4#ile ensuring t#e utmost respe"t or priva"2 and data prote"tionG %onsiders t#at data "olle"tion o su"# magnitude leaves "onsidera)le dou)ts as to 4#et#er t#ese a"tions are guided onl2 )2 t#e ig#t against terrorism< sin"e it involves t#e "olle"tion o all possi)le data o all "iti=ensG points< t#ere ore< to t#e possi)le e3isten"e o ot#er purposes in"luding politi"al and e"onomi" espionage< 4#i"# need to )e "ompre#ensivel2 dispelledG Xuestions t#e "ompati)ilit2 o some !em)er 6tates> massive e"onomi" espionage a"tivities 4it# t#e E( internal marDet and "ompetition la4 as ens#rined in Fitles : and 0:: o t#e Freat2 on t#e Bun"tioning o t#e European (nionG rea irms t#e prin"iple o sin"ere "ooperation as ens#rined in Arti"le $(3) o t#e Freat2 on European (nion< as 4ell as t#e prin"iple t#at !em)er 6tates s#all Pre rain rom an2 measures 4#i"# "ould *eopardise t#e attainment o t#e (nion>s o)*e"tives>G 1otes t#at international treaties and E( and (6 legislation< as 4ell as national oversig#t me"#anisms< #ave ailed to provide or t#e ne"essar2 "#e"Ds and )alan"es or or demo"rati" a""ounta)ilit2G

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%ondemns t#e vast and s2stemi" )lanDet "olle"tion o t#e personal data o inno"ent people< o ten in"luding intimate personal in ormationG emp#asises t#at t#e s2stems o indis"riminate mass surveillan"e )2 intelligen"e servi"es "onstitute a serious inter eren"e 4it# t#e undamental rig#ts o "iti=ensG stresses t#at priva"2 is not a lu3ur2 rig#t< )ut is t#e oundation stone o a ree and demo"rati" so"iet2G points out< urt#ermore< t#at mass surveillan"e #as potentiall2 severe e e"ts on reedom o t#e press< t#oug#t and spee"# and on reedom o assem)l2 and o asso"iation< as 4ell as entailing a signi i"ant potential or a)usive use o t#e in ormation gat#ered against politi"al adversariesG emp#asises t#at t#ese mass surveillan"e a"tivities also entail illegal a"tions )2 intelligen"e servi"es and raise Iuestions regarding t#e e3traterritorialit2 o national la4sG %onsiders it "ru"ial t#at t#e pro essional "on identialit2 privilege o la42ers< *ournalists< do"tors and ot#er regulated pro essions is sa eguarded against mass surveillan"e a"tivitiesG stresses< in parti"ular< t#at an2 un"ertaint2 a)out t#e "on identialit2 o "ommuni"ations )et4een la42ers and t#eir "lients "ould negativel2 impa"t on E( "iti=ensM rig#t o a""ess to legal advi"e and a""ess to *usti"e and t#e rig#t to a air trialG 6ees t#e surveillan"e programmes as 2et anot#er step to4ards t#e esta)lis#ment o a ull2- ledged preventive state< "#anging t#e esta)lis#ed paradigm o "riminal la4 in demo"rati" so"ieties 4#ere)2 an2 inter eren"e 4it# suspe"tsM undamental rig#ts #as to )e aut#orised )2 a *udge or prose"utor on t#e )asis o a reasona)le suspi"ion and must )e regulated )2 la4< promoting instead a mi3 o la4 en or"ement and intelligen"e a"tivities 4it# )lurred and 4eaDened legal sa eguards< o ten not in line 4it# demo"rati" "#e"Ds and )alan"es and undamental rig#ts< espe"iall2 t#e presumption o inno"en"eG re"alls in t#is regard t#e de"ision o t#e 7erman Bederal %onstitutional %ourt1 on t#e pro#i)ition o t#e use o preventive dragnets (Ppr`ventive Raster a#ndung>) unless t#ere is proo o a "on"rete danger to ot#er #ig#-ranDing legall2 prote"ted rig#ts< 4#ere)2 a general t#reat situation or international tensions do not su i"e to *usti 2 su"# measuresG :s "onvin"ed t#at se"ret la4s and "ourts violate t#e rule o la4G points out t#at an2 *udgment o a "ourt or tri)unal and an2 de"ision o an administrative aut#orit2 o a nonE( state aut#orising< dire"tl2 or indire"tl2< t#e trans er o personal data< ma2 not )e re"ognised or en or"ed in an2 manner unless t#ere is a mutual legal assistan"e treat2 or an international agreement in or"e )et4een t#e reIuesting t#ird "ountr2 and t#e (nion or a !em)er 6tate and a prior aut#orisation )2 t#e "ompetent supervisor2 aut#orit2G re"alls t#at an2 *udgment o a se"ret "ourt or tri)unal and an2 de"ision o an administrative aut#orit2 o a non-E( state se"retl2 aut#orising< dire"tl2 or indire"tl2< surveillan"e a"tivities s#all not )e re"ognised or en or"edG Points out t#at t#e a)ovementioned "on"erns are e3a"er)ated )2 rapid te"#nologi"al and so"ietal developments< sin"e internet and mo)ile devi"es are ever24#ere in modern dail2 li e (Pu)iIuitous "omputing>) and t#e )usiness model o most internet "ompanies is )ased on t#e pro"essing o personal dataG "onsiders t#at t#e s"ale o t#is pro)lem is unpre"edentedG notes t#at t#is ma2 "reate a situation 4#ere in rastru"ture or t#e mass "olle"tion and pro"essing o data "ould )e misused in "ases o "#ange o politi"al regimeG 1otes t#at t#ere is no guarantee< eit#er or E( pu)li" institutions or or "iti=ens< t#at t#eir :F se"urit2 or priva"2 "an )e prote"ted rom atta"Ds )2 4ell-eIuipped intruders (Pno 100 _ :F se"urit2>)G notes t#at in order to a"#ieve ma3imum :F se"urit2< Europeans need
1o 1 EvR 51-/02 o $ April 200,/

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to )e 4illing to dedi"ate su i"ient resour"es< )ot# #uman and inan"ial< to preserving Europe>s independen"e and sel -relian"e in t#e ield o :FG 1,/ 6trongl2 re*e"ts t#e notion t#at all issues related to mass surveillan"e programmes are purel2 a matter o national se"urit2 and t#ere ore t#e sole "ompeten"e o !em)er 6tatesG reiterates t#at !em)er 6tates must ull2 respe"t E( la4 and t#e E%@R 4#ile a"ting to ensure t#eir national se"urit2G re"alls a re"ent ruling o t#e %ourt o ?usti"e a""ording to 4#i"# Palt#oug# it is or !em)er 6tates to taDe t#e appropriate measures to ensure t#eir internal and e3ternal se"urit2< t#e mere a"t t#at a de"ision "on"erns 6tate se"urit2 "annot result in European (nion la4 )eing inappli"a)le>1G re"alls urt#er t#at t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2 o all E( "iti=ens is at staDe< as are t#e se"urit2 and relia)ilit2 o all E( "ommuni"ation net4orDsG )elieves< t#ere ore< t#at dis"ussion and a"tion at E( level are not onl2 legitimate< )ut also a matter o E( autonom2G %ommends t#e institutions and e3perts 4#o #ave "ontri)uted to t#is :nIuir2G deplores t#e a"t t#at several !em)er 6tates> aut#orities #ave de"lined to "ooperate 4it# t#e inIuir2 t#e European Parliament #as )een "ondu"ting on )e#al o "iti=ensG 4el"omes t#e openness o several !em)ers o %ongress and o national parliamentsG :s a4are t#at in su"# a limited time rame it #as )een possi)le to "ondu"t onl2 a preliminar2 investigation o all t#e issues at staDe sin"e ?ul2 2013G re"ognises )ot# t#e s"ale o t#e revelations involved and t#eir ongoing natureG adopts< t#ere ore< a or4ardplanning approa"# "onsisting in a set o spe"i i" proposals and a me"#anism or ollo4-up a"tion in t#e ne3t parliamentar2 term< ensuring t#e indings remain #ig# on t#e E( politi"al agendaG :ntends to reIuest strong politi"al undertaDings rom t#e ne4 %ommission 4#i"# 4ill )e designated a ter t#e !a2 201$ European ele"tions to t#e e e"t t#at it 4ill implement t#e proposals and re"ommendations o t#is :nIuir2G

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0e%ommendations 20/ 21/ %alls on t#e (6 aut#orities and t#e E( !em)er 6tates< 4#ere t#is is not 2et t#e "ase< to pro#i)it )lanDet mass surveillan"e a"tivitiesG %alls on t#e E( !em)er 6tates< and in parti"ular t#ose parti"ipating in t#e so-"alled P'e2es> and P1$-e2es> programmes2< to "ompre#ensivel2 evaluate< and revise 4#ere ne"essar2< t#eir national legislation and pra"ti"es governing t#e a"tivities o t#e intelligen"e servi"es so as to ensure t#at t#e2 are su)*e"t to parliamentar2 and *udi"ial oversig#t and pu)li" s"rutin2< t#at t#e2 respe"t t#e prin"iples o legalit2< ne"essit2< proportionalit2< due pro"ess< user noti i"ation and transparen"2< in"luding )2 re eren"e to t#e (1 "ompilation o good pra"ti"es and t#e re"ommendations o t#e 0eni"e %ommission< and t#at t#e2 are in line 4it# t#e standards o t#e European %onvention on @uman Rig#ts and "ompl2 4it# !em)er 6tatesM undamental rig#ts o)ligations< in parti"ular as regards data prote"tion< priva"2< and t#e presumption o inno"en"eG

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?udgement in %ase %-300/11< ZZ v 6e"retar2 o 6tate or t#e @ome &epartment< $ ?une 2013/ F#e P'-e2es programme> "omprises t#e (6< t#e (9< %anada< Australia< 1e4 Zealand< &enmarD< Bran"e< 1or4a2 and t#e 1et#erlandsG t#e P1$-e2es programme> in"ludes t#ose "ountries and also 7erman2< Eelgium< :tal2< 6pain and 64eden/

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%alls on all E( !em)er 6tates and in parti"ular< 4it# regard to its Resolution o $ ?ul2 2013 and :nIuir2 @earings< t#e (nited 9ingdom< Bran"e< 7erman2< 64eden< t#e 1et#erlands and Poland to ensure t#at t#eir "urrent or uture legislative rame4orDs and oversig#t me"#anisms governing t#e a"tivities o intelligen"e agen"ies are in line 4it# t#e standards o t#e European %onvention on @uman Rig#ts and European (nion data prote"tion legislationG "alls on t#ese !em)er 6tates to "lari 2 t#e allegations o mass surveillan"e a"tivities< in"luding mass surveillan"e o "ross )order tele"ommuni"ations< untargeted surveillan"e on "a)le-)ound "ommuni"ations< potential agreements )et4een intelligen"e servi"es and tele"ommuni"ation "ompanies as regards a""ess and e3"#ange o personal data and a""ess to transatlanti" "a)les< (6 intelligen"e personnel and eIuipment on E( territor2 4it#out oversig#t on surveillan"e operations< and t#eir "ompati)ilit2 4it# E( legislationG invites t#e national parliaments o t#ose "ountries to intensi 2 "ooperation o t#eir intelligen"e oversig#t )odies at European levelG %alls on t#e (nited 9ingdom< in parti"ular< given t#e e3tensive media reports re erring to mass surveillan"e )2 t#e intelligen"e servi"e 7%@X< to revise its "urrent legal rame4orD< 4#i"# is made up o a M"omple3 intera"tionM )et4een t#ree separate pie"es o legislation . t#e @uman Rig#ts A"t 1''-< t#e :ntelligen"e 6ervi"es A"t 1''$ and t#e Regulation o :nvestigator2 Po4ers A"t 2000G FaDes note o t#e revie4 o t#e &ut"# :ntelligen"e and 6e"urit2 A"t 2002 (report )2 t#e &essens %ommission o 2 &e"em)er 2013)G supports t#ose re"ommendations o t#e revie4 "ommission 4#i"# aim to strengt#en t#e transparen"2< "ontrol and oversig#t o t#e &ut"# intelligen"e servi"esG "alls on t#e 1et#erlands to re rain rom e3tending t#e po4ers o t#e intelligen"e servi"es in su"# a 4a2 as to ena)le untargeted and large-s"ale surveillan"e also to )e per ormed on "a)le-)ound "ommuni"ations o inno"ent "iti=ens< espe"iall2 given t#e a"t t#at one o t#e )iggest :nternet E3"#ange Points in t#e 4orld is lo"ated in Amsterdam (A!6-:R)G "alls or "aution in de ining t#e mandate and "apa)ilities o t#e ne4 ?oint 6igint %2)er (nit< as 4ell as or "aution regarding t#e presen"e and operation o (6 intelligen"e personnel on &ut"# territor2G %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates< in"luding 4#en represented )2 t#eir intelligen"e agen"ies< to re rain rom a""epting data rom t#ird states 4#i"# #ave )een "olle"ted unla4 ull2 and rom allo4ing surveillan"e a"tivities on t#eir territor2 )2 t#ird states> governments or agen"ies 4#i"# are unla4 ul under national la4 or do not meet t#e legal sa eguards ens#rined in international or E( instruments< in"luding t#e prote"tion o #uman rig#ts under t#e FE(< t#e E%@R and t#e E( %#arter o Bundamental Rig#tsG %alls or t#e termination o mass inter"eption and pro"essing o 4e)"am imager2 )2 an2 se"ret servi"eG "alls upon t#e !em)er 6tates to ull2 investigate 4#et#er< #o4 and to 4#at e3tent t#eir respe"tive se"ret servi"es #ave )een involved in t#e "olle"tion and pro"essing o 4e)"am images< and to delete all stored images "olle"ted t#roug# su"# mass surveillan"e programmesG %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates immediatel2 to ul il t#eir positive o)ligation under t#e European %onvention on @uman Rig#ts to prote"t t#eir "iti=ens rom surveillan"e "ontrar2 to its reIuirements< in"luding 4#en t#e aim t#ereo is to sa eguard national se"urit2< undertaDen )2 t#ird states or )2 t#eir o4n intelligen"e servi"es< and to ensure t#at t#e rule o la4 is not 4eaDened as a result o e3traterritorial appli"ation o a t#ird "ountr2Ms la4G

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:nvites t#e 6e"retar2-7eneral o t#e %oun"il o Europe to laun"# t#e Arti"le 52 pro"edure a""ording to 4#i"# Pon re"eipt o a reIuest rom t#e 6e"retar2-7eneral o t#e %oun"il o Europe an2 @ig# %ontra"ting Part2 s#all urnis# an e3planation o t#e manner in 4#i"# its internal la4 ensures t#e e e"tive implementation o an2 o t#e provisions o t#e %onvention>G %alls on !em)er 6tates to taDe appropriate a"tion immediatel2< in"luding "ourt a"tion< against t#e )rea"# o t#eir sovereignt2< and t#ere)2 t#e violation o general pu)li" international la4< perpetrated t#roug# t#e mass surveillan"e programmesG "alls urt#er on !em)er 6tates to maDe use o all availa)le international measures to de end E( "iti=ens> undamental rig#ts< nota)l2 )2 triggering t#e inter-state "omplaint pro"edure under Arti"le $1 o t#e :nternational %ovenant on %ivil and Politi"al Rig#ts (:%%PR)G %alls upon t#e !em)er 6tates to esta)lis# e e"tive me"#anisms 4#ere)2 t#ose responsi)le or (mass) surveillan"e programmes t#at are in violation o t#e rule o la4 and t#e undamental rig#ts o "iti=ens are #eld a""ounta)le or t#is a)use o po4erG %alls on t#e (6 to revise its legislation 4it#out dela2 in order to )ring it into line 4it# international la4< to re"ognise t#e priva"2 and ot#er rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< to provide or *udi"ial redress or E( "iti=ens< to put rig#ts o E( "iti=ens on an eIual ooting 4it# rig#ts o (6 "iti=ens< and to sign t#e +ptional Proto"ol allo4ing or "omplaints )2 individuals under t#e :%%PRG Cel"omes< in t#is regard< t#e remarDs made and t#e Presidential Poli"2 &ire"tive issued )2 (6 President +)ama on 17 ?anuar2 201$< as a step to4ards limiting aut#orisation o t#e use o surveillan"e and data pro"essing to national se"urit2 purposes and to4ards eIual treatment o all individualsM personal in ormation< regardless o t#eir nationalit2 or residen"e< )2 t#e (6 intelligen"e "ommunit2G a4aits< #o4ever< in t#e "onte3t o t#e E((6 relations#ip< urt#er spe"i i" steps 4#i"# 4ill< most importantl2< strengt#en trust in transatlanti" data trans ers and provide or )inding guarantees or en or"ea)le priva"2 rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< as outlined in detail in t#is reportG 6tresses its serious "on"erns in relation to t#e 4orD 4it#in t#e %oun"il o EuropeMs %2)er"rime %onvention %ommittee on t#e interpretation o Arti"le 32 o t#e %onvention on %2)er"rime o 23 1ovem)er 2001 (Eudapest %onvention) on trans)order a""ess to stored "omputer data 4it# "onsent or 4#ere pu)li"l2 availa)le< and opposes an2 "on"lusion o an additional proto"ol or guidan"e intended to )roaden t#e s"ope o t#is provision )e2ond t#e "urrent regime esta)lis#ed )2 t#is %onvention< 4#i"# is alread2 a ma*or e3"eption to t#e prin"iple o territorialit2 )e"ause it "ould result in un ettered remote a""ess )2 la4 en or"ement aut#orities to servers and "omputers lo"ated in ot#er *urisdi"tions 4it#out re"ourse to !KA agreements and ot#er instruments o *udi"ial "ooperation put in pla"e to guarantee t#e undamental rig#ts o t#e individual< in"luding data prote"tion and due pro"ess< and in parti"ular %oun"il o Europe %onvention 10-G %alls on t#e %ommission to "arr2 out< )e ore ?ul2 201$< an assessment o t#e appli"a)ilit2 o Regulation (E%) 1o 2271/', to "ases o "on li"t o la4s on trans ers o personal dataG %alls on t#e Bundamental Rig#ts Agen"2 to undertaDe in-dept# resear"# on t#e prote"tion o undamental rig#ts in t#e "onte3t o surveillan"e< and in parti"ular on t#e "urrent legal situation o E( "iti=ens 4it# regard to t#e *udi"ial remedies availa)le to t#em in relation to t#ose pra"ti"esG

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!nternational transfers of data (6 data prote"tion legal rame4orD and (6 6a e @ar)our 3,/ 1otes t#at t#e "ompanies identi ied )2 media revelations as )eing involved in t#e larges"ale mass surveillan"e o E( data su)*e"ts )2 t#e (6 16A are "ompanies t#at #ave sel "erti ied t#eir ad#eren"e to t#e 6a e @ar)our< and t#at t#e 6a e @ar)our is t#e legal instrument used or t#e trans er o E( personal data to t#e (6 (e3amples )eing 7oogle< !i"roso t< Va#ooa< Ba"e)ooD< Apple and KinDed:n)G e3presses its "on"erns t#at t#ese organisations #ave not en"r2pted in ormation and "ommuni"ations lo4ing )et4een t#eir data "entres< t#ere)2 ena)ling intelligen"e servi"es to inter"ept in ormationG 4el"omes t#e su)seIuent statements )2 some (6 "ompanies t#at t#e2 4ill a""elerate plans to implement en"r2ption o data lo4s )et4een t#eir glo)al data "entresG %onsiders t#at large-s"ale a""ess )2 (6 intelligen"e agen"ies to E( personal data pro"essed )2 6a e @ar)our does not meet t#e "riteria or derogation under Pnational se"urit2>G FaDes t#e vie4 t#at< as under t#e "urrent "ir"umstan"es t#e 6a e @ar)our prin"iples do not provide adeIuate prote"tion or E( "iti=ens< t#ese trans ers s#ould )e "arried out under ot#er instruments< su"# as "ontra"tual "lauses or E%Rs< provided t#ese instruments set out spe"i i" sa eguards and prote"tions and are not "ir"umvented )2 ot#er legal rame4orDsG FaDes t#e vie4 t#at t#e %ommission #as ailed to a"t to remed2 t#e 4ell-Dno4n de i"ien"ies o t#e "urrent implementation o 6a e @ar)ourG %alls on t#e %ommission to present measures providing or t#e immediate suspension o %ommission &e"ision 2000/520/E%< 4#i"# de"lared t#e adeIua"2 o t#e 6a e @ar)our priva"2 prin"iples< and o t#e related BAXs issued )2 t#e (6 &epartment o %ommer"eG "alls on t#e (6 aut#orities< t#ere ore< to put or4ard a proposal or a ne4 rame4orD or trans ers o personal data rom t#e E( to t#e (6 4#i"# meets (nion la4 data prote"tion reIuirements and provides or t#e reIuired adeIuate level o prote"tionG %alls on !em)er 6tates> "ompetent aut#orities< in parti"ular t#e data prote"tion aut#orities< to maDe use o t#eir e3isting po4ers and immediatel2 suspend data lo4s to an2 organisation t#at #as sel -"erti ied its ad#eren"e to t#e (6 6a e @ar)our Prin"iples< and to reIuire t#at su"# data lo4s are onl2 "arried out under ot#er instruments and provided t#e2 "ontain t#e ne"essar2 sa eguards and guarantees 4it# respe"t to t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2 and undamental rig#ts and reedoms o individualsG %alls on t#e %ommission to present< )2 &e"em)er 201$< a "ompre#ensive assessment o t#e (6 priva"2 rame4orD "overing "ommer"ial< la4 en or"ement and intelligen"e a"tivities< and "on"rete re"ommendations )ased on t#e a)sen"e o a general data prote"tion la4 in t#e (6G en"ourages t#e %ommission to engage 4it# t#e (6 administration in order to esta)lis# a legal rame4orD providing or a #ig# level o prote"tion o individuals 4it# regard to t#e prote"tion o t#eir personal data 4#en trans erred to t#e (6 and ensure t#e eIuivalen"e o E( and (6 priva"2 rame4orDsG

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Re"alls t#at &ire"tive '5/$,/E% stipulates t#at trans ers o personal data to a t#ird "ountr2 ma2 taDe pla"e onl2 i < 4it#out pre*udi"e to "omplian"e 4it# t#e national provisions adopted pursuant to t#e ot#er provisions o t#e &ire"tive< t#e t#ird "ountr2 in Iuestion ensures an adeIuate level o prote"tion< t#e purpose o t#is provision )eing to ensure t#e "ontinuit2 o t#e prote"tion a orded )2 E( data prote"tion la4 4#ere personal data are trans erred outside t#e E(G Re"alls t#at &ire"tive '5/$,/E% also provides t#at t#e adeIua"2 o t#e level o prote"tion a orded )2 a t#ird "ountr2 is to )e assessed in t#e lig#t o all t#e "ir"umstan"es surrounding a data trans er operation or set o su"# operationsG re"alls liDe4ise t#at t#e said &ire"tive also eIuips t#e %ommission 4it# implementing po4ers to de"lare t#at a t#ird "ountr2 ensures an adeIuate level o prote"tion in t#e lig#t o t#e "riteria laid do4n )2 &ire"tive '5/$,/E%G re"alls t#at &ire"tive '5/$,/E% also empo4ers t#e %ommission to de"lare t#at a t#ird "ountr2 does not ensure an adeIuate level o prote"tionG Re"alls t#at in t#e latter "ase !em)er 6tates must taDe t#e measures ne"essar2 to prevent an2 trans er o data o t#e same t2pe to t#e t#ird "ountr2 in Iuestion< and t#at t#e %ommission s#ould enter into negotiations 4it# a vie4 to remed2ing t#e situationG %alls on t#e %ommission and t#e !em)er 6tates to assess 4it#out dela2 4#et#er t#e adeIuate level o prote"tion o t#e 1e4 Zealand Priva"2 A"t and o t#e %anadian Personal :n ormation Prote"tion and Ele"troni" &o"uments A"t< as de"lared )2 %ommission &e"isions 2013/,5/E( and 2002/2/E(< #as )een a e"ted )2 t#e involvement o t#ose "ountries> national intelligen"e agen"ies in t#e mass surveillan"e o E( "iti=ens< and< i ne"essar2< to taDe appropriate measures to suspend or reverse t#e adeIua"2 de"isionsG also "alls on t#e %ommission to assess t#e situation or ot#er "ountries t#at #ave re"eived an adeIua"2 ratingG e3pe"ts t#e %ommission to report to Parliament on its indings on t#e a)ove-mentioned "ountries )2 &e"em)er 201$ at t#e latestG

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Frans ers )ased on "ontra"tual "lauses and ot#er instruments $7/ Re"alls t#at national data prote"tion aut#orities #ave indi"ated t#at neit#er standard "ontra"tual "lauses nor E%Rs 4ere ormulated 4it# situations o a""ess to personal data or mass surveillan"e purposes in mind< and t#at su"# a""ess 4ould not )e in line 4it# t#e derogation "lauses o t#e "ontra"tual "lauses or E%Rs 4#i"# re er to e3"eptional derogations or a legitimate interest in a demo"rati" so"iet2 and 4#ere ne"essar2 and proportionateG %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to pro#i)it or suspend data lo4s to t#ird "ountries )ased on t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses< "ontra"tual "lauses or E%Rs aut#orised )2 t#e national "ompetent aut#orities 4#ere it is liDel2 t#at t#e la4 to 4#i"# data re"ipients are su)*e"t imposes reIuirements on t#em 4#i"# go )e2ond t#e restri"tions t#at are stri"tl2 ne"essar2< adeIuate and proportionate in a demo"rati" so"iet2 and are liDel2 to #ave an adverse e e"t on t#e guarantees provided )2 t#e appli"a)le data prote"tion la4 and t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses< or )e"ause "ontinuing trans er 4ould "reate a risD o grave #arm to t#e data su)*e"tsG %alls on t#e Arti"le 2' CorDing Part2 to issue guidelines and re"ommendations on t#e sa eguards and prote"tions t#at "ontra"tual instruments or international trans ers o E( personal data s#ould "ontain in order to ensure t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2< undamental rig#ts and reedoms o individuals< taDing parti"ular a""ount o t#e t#ird-"ountr2 la4s on

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intelligen"e and national se"urit2 and t#e involvement o t#e "ompanies re"eiving t#e data in a t#ird "ountr2 in mass surveillan"e a"tivities )2 a t#ird "ountr2>s intelligen"e agen"iesG 50/ %alls on t#e %ommission to e3amine 4it#out dela2 t#e standard "ontra"tual "lauses it #as esta)lis#ed in order to assess 4#et#er t#e2 provide t#e ne"essar2 prote"tion as regards a""ess to personal data trans erred under t#e "lauses or intelligen"e purposes and< i appropriate< to revie4 t#emG

Frans ers )ased on t#e !utual Kegal Assistan"e Agreement 51/ %alls on t#e %ommission to "ondu"t< )e ore t#e end o 201$< an in-dept# assessment o t#e e3isting !utual Kegal Assistan"e Agreement< pursuant to its Arti"le 17< in order to veri 2 its pra"ti"al implementation and< in parti"ular< 4#et#er t#e (6 #as made e e"tive use o it or o)taining in ormation or eviden"e in t#e E( and 4#et#er t#e Agreement #as )een "ir"umvented to a"Iuire t#e in ormation dire"tl2 in t#e E(< and to assess t#e impa"t on t#e undamental rig#ts o individualsG su"# an assessment s#ould not onl2 re er to (6 o i"ial statements as a su i"ient )asis or t#e anal2sis )ut also )e )ased on spe"i i" E( evaluationsG t#is in-dept# revie4 s#ould also address t#e "onseIuen"es o t#e appli"ation o t#e (nion>s "onstitutional ar"#ite"ture to t#is instrument in order to )ring it into line 4it# (nion la4< taDing a""ount in parti"ular o Proto"ol 3, and Arti"le 10 t#ereo and &e"laration 50 "on"erning t#is proto"olG "alls on t#e %oun"il and %ommission also to assess )ilateral agreements )et4een !em)er 6tates and t#e (6 so as to ensure t#at t#e2 are "onsistent 4it# t#e agreements t#at t#e E( ollo4s or de"ides to ollo4 4it# t#e (6G

E( mutual assistan"e in "riminal matters 52/ AsDs t#e %oun"il and %ommission to in orm Parliament a)out t#e a"tual use )2 !em)er 6tates o t#e %onvention on !utual Assistan"e in %riminal !atters )et4een t#e !em)er 6tates< in parti"ular its Fitle ::: on inter"eption o tele"ommuni"ationsG "alls on t#e %ommission to put or4ard a proposal< in a""ordan"e 4it# &e"laration 50< "on"erning Proto"ol 3,< as reIuested< )e ore t#e end o 201$ in order to adapt it to t#e Kis)on Freat2 rame4orDG

Frans ers )ased on t#e FBFP and P1R agreements 53/ FaDes t#e vie4 t#at t#e in ormation provided )2 t#e European %ommission and t#e (6 Freasur2 does not "lari 2 4#et#er (6 intelligen"e agen"ies #ave a""ess to 6C:BF inan"ial messages in t#e E( )2 inter"epting 6C:BF net4orDs or )anDs> operating s2stems or "ommuni"ation net4orDs< alone or in "ooperation 4it# E( national intelligen"e agen"ies and 4it#out #aving re"ourse to e3isting )ilateral "#annels or mutual legal assistan"e and *udi"ial "ooperationG Reiterates its resolution o 23 +"to)er 2013 and asDs t#e %ommission or t#e suspension o t#e FBFP AgreementG %alls on t#e %ommission to rea"t to "on"erns t#at t#ree o t#e ma*or "omputerised reservation s2stems used )2 airlines 4orld4ide are )ased in t#e (6 and t#at P1R data are saved in "loud s2stems operating on (6 soil under (6 la4< 4#i"# la"Ds data prote"tion adeIua"2G

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Brame4orD agreement on data prote"tion in t#e ield o poli"e and *udi"ial "ooperation (P(m)rella Agreement>) 5,/ 57/ %onsiders t#at a satis a"tor2 solution under t#e P(m)rella agreement> is a pre"ondition or t#e ull restoration o trust )et4een t#e transatlanti" partnersG AsDs or an immediate resumption o t#e negotiations 4it# t#e (6 on t#e M(m)rella AgreementM< 4#i"# s#ould put rig#ts or E( "iti=ens on an eIual ooting 4it# rig#ts or (6 "iti=ensG stresses t#at< moreover< t#is agreement s#ould provide e e"tive and en or"ea)le administrative and *udi"ial remedies or all E( "iti=ens in t#e (6 4it#out an2 dis"riminationG AsDs t#e %ommission and %oun"il not to initiate an2 ne4 se"torial agreements or arrangements or t#e trans er o personal data or la4 en or"ement purposes 4it# t#e (6 as long as t#e M(m)rella AgreementM #as not entered into or"eG (rges t#e %ommission to report in detail on t#e various points o t#e negotiating mandate and t#e latest state o pla2 )2 April 201$G

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&ata prote"tion re orm ,0/ %alls on t#e %oun"il Presiden"2 and t#e !em)er 6tates to a""elerate t#eir 4orD on t#e 4#ole &ata Prote"tion Pa"Dage to allo4 or its adoption in 201$< so t#at E( "iti=ens 4ill )e a)le to en*o2 a #ig# level o data prote"tion in t#e ver2 near utureG stresses t#at strong engagement and ull support on t#e part o t#e %oun"il are a ne"essar2 "ondition to demonstrate "redi)ilit2 and assertiveness to4ards t#ird "ountriesG 6tresses t#at )ot# t#e &ata Prote"tion Regulation and t#e &ata Prote"tion &ire"tive are ne"essar2 to prote"t t#e undamental rig#ts o individuals< and t#at t#e t4o must t#ere ore )e treated as a pa"Dage to )e adopted simultaneousl2< in order to ensure t#at all datapro"essing a"tivities in t#e E( provide a #ig# level o prote"tion in all "ir"umstan"esG stresses t#at it 4ill onl2 adopt urt#er la4 en or"ement "ooperation measures on"e t#e %oun"il #as entered into negotiations 4it# Parliament and t#e %ommission on t#e &ata Prote"tion Pa"DageG Re"alls t#at t#e "on"epts o Mpriva"2 )2 designM and Mpriva"2 )2 de aultM are a strengt#ening o data prote"tion and s#ould #ave t#e status o guidelines or all produ"ts< servi"es and s2stems o ered on t#e internetG %onsiders #ig#er transparen"2 and sa et2 standards or online and tele"ommuni"ation as a ne"essar2 prin"iple 4it# a vie4 to a )etter data prote"tion regimeG "alls< t#ere ore< on t#e %ommission to put or4ard a legislative proposal on standardised general terms and "onditions or online and tele"ommuni"ations servi"es< and to mandate a supervisor2 )od2 to monitor "omplian"e 4it# t#e general terms and "onditionsG

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Cloud %omputin* ,$/ 1otes t#at trust in (6 "loud "omputing and "loud providers #as )een negativel2 a e"ted )2 t#e a)ove-mentioned pra"ti"esG emp#asises< t#ere ore< t#e development o European "louds and :F solutions as an essential element or gro4t# and emplo2ment and or trust

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in "loud "omputing servi"es and providers< as 4ell as or ensuring a #ig# level o personal data prote"tionG ,5/ ,,/ %alls on all pu)li" )odies in t#e (nion not to use "loud servi"es 4#ere non-E( la4s mig#t appl2G Reiterates its serious "on"ern regarding t#e "ompulsor2 dire"t dis"losure o E( personal data and in ormation pro"essed under "loud agreements to t#ird-"ountr2 aut#orities )2 "loud providers su)*e"t to t#ird-"ountr2 la4s or using storage servers lo"ated in t#ird "ountries< as also regarding dire"t remote a""ess to personal data and in ormation pro"essed )2 t#ird-"ountr2 la4 en or"ement aut#orities and intelligen"e servi"esG &eplores t#e a"t t#at su"# a""ess is usuall2 attained )2 means o dire"t en or"ement )2 t#ird-"ountr2 aut#orities o t#eir o4n legal rules< 4it#out re"ourse to international instruments esta)lis#ed or legal "ooperation su"# as mutual legal assistan"e (!KA) agreements or ot#er orms o *udi"ial "ooperationG %alls on t#e %ommission and t#e !em)er 6tates to speed up t#e 4orD o esta)lis#ing a European %loud Partners#ip 4#ile ull2 in"luding "ivil so"iet2 and t#e te"#ni"al "ommunit2< su"# as t#e :nternet Engineering FasD Bor"e (:EFB)< and in"orporating data prote"tion aspe"tsG (rges t#e %ommission< 4#en negotiating international agreements t#at involve t#e pro"essing o personal data< to taDe parti"ular note o t#e risDs and "#allenges t#at "loud "omputing poses to undamental rig#ts< in parti"ular . )ut not e3"lusivel2 . t#e rig#t to private li e and to t#e prote"tion o personal data< as ens#rined in Arti"les 7 and - o t#e %#arter o Bundamental Rig#ts o t#e European (nionG urges t#e %ommission< urt#ermore< to taDe note o t#e negotiating partnerMs domesti" rules governing t#e a""ess o la4 en or"ement and intelligen"e agen"ies to personal data pro"essed t#roug# "loud "omputing servi"es< in parti"ular )2 demanding t#at su"# a""ess )e granted onl2 i t#ere is ull respe"t or due pro"ess o la4 and on an unam)iguous legal )asis< as 4ell as t#e reIuirement t#at t#e e3a"t "onditions o a""ess< t#e purpose o gaining su"# a""ess< t#e se"urit2 measures put in pla"e 4#en #anding over data and t#e rig#ts o t#e individual< as 4ell as t#e rules or supervision and or an e e"tive redress me"#anism< )e spe"i iedG Re"alls t#at all "ompanies providing servi"es in t#e E( must< 4it#out e3"eption< "ompl2 4it# E( la4 and are lia)le or an2 )rea"#es< and underlines t#e importan"e o #aving e e"tive< proportionate and dissuasive administrative san"tions in pla"e t#at "an )e imposed on M"loud "omputingM servi"e providers 4#o do not "ompl2 4it# E( data prote"tion standardsG %alls on t#e %ommission and t#e "ompetent aut#orities o t#e !em)er 6tates to evaluate t#e e3tent to 4#i"# E( rules on priva"2 and data prote"tion #ave )een violated t#roug# t#e "ooperation o E( legal entities 4it# se"ret servi"es or t#roug# t#e a""eptan"e o "ourt 4arrants o t#ird-"ountr2 aut#orities reIuesting personal data o E( "iti=ens "ontrar2 to E( data prote"tion legislationG %alls on )usinesses providing ne4 servi"es using PEig &ata> and ne4 appli"ations su"# as t#e P:nternet o F#ings> to )uild in data prote"tion measures alread2 at t#e development stage< in order to maintain a #ig# level o trust among "iti=ensG

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Fransatlanti" Frade and :nvestment Partners#ip Agreement (FF:P) 73/ Re"ognises t#at t#e E( and t#e (6 are pursuing negotiations or a Fransatlanti" Frade and :nvestment Partners#ip< 4#i"# is o ma*or strategi" importan"e or "reating urt#er e"onomi" gro4t#G 6trongl2 emp#asises< given t#e importan"e o t#e digital e"onom2 in t#e relations#ip and in t#e "ause o re)uilding E(-(6 trust< t#at t#e "onsent o t#e European Parliament to t#e inal FF:P agreement "ould )e endangered as long as t#e )lanDet mass surveillan"e a"tivities and t#e inter"eption o "ommuni"ations in E( institutions and diplomati" representations are not "ompletel2 a)andoned and an adeIuate solution is ound or t#e data priva"2 rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< in"luding administrative and *udi"ial redressG stresses t#at Parliament ma2 onl2 "onsent to t#e inal FF:P agreement provided t#e agreement ull2 respe"ts< inter alia< t#e undamental rig#ts re"ognised )2 t#e E( %#arter< and provided t#e prote"tion o t#e priva"2 o individuals in relation to t#e pro"essing and dissemination o personal data remain governed )2 Arti"le R:0 o t#e 7AF6G stresses t#at E( data prote"tion legislation "annot )e deemed an Par)itrar2 or un*usti ia)le dis"rimination> in t#e appli"ation o Arti"le R:0 o t#e 7AF6G

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4emocratic oversight of intelligence services 75/ 6tresses t#at< despite t#e a"t t#at oversig#t o intelligen"e servi"es> a"tivities s#ould )e )ased on )ot# demo"rati" legitima"2 (strong legal rame4orD< e3 ante aut#orisation and e3 post veri i"ation) and adeIuate te"#ni"al "apa)ilit2 and e3pertise< t#e ma*orit2 o "urrent E( and (6 oversig#t )odies dramati"all2 la"D )ot#< in parti"ular t#e te"#ni"al "apa)ilitiesG %alls< as it did in t#e "ase o E"#elon< on all national parliaments 4#i"# #ave not 2et done so to install meaning ul oversig#t o intelligen"e a"tivities )2 parliamentarians or e3pert )odies 4it# legal po4ers to investigateG "alls on t#e national parliaments to ensure t#at su"# oversig#t "ommittees/)odies #ave su i"ient resour"es< te"#ni"al e3pertise and legal means< in"luding t#e rig#t to "ondu"t on-site visits< to )e a)le to e e"tivel2 "ontrol intelligen"e servi"esG %alls or t#e setting up o a 7roup o !em)ers and e3perts to e3amine< in a transparent manner and in "olla)oration 4it# national parliaments< re"ommendations or en#an"ed demo"rati" oversig#t< in"luding parliamentar2 oversig#t< o intelligen"e servi"es and in"reased oversig#t "olla)oration in t#e E(< in parti"ular as regards its "ross-)order dimensionG "onsiders t#at t#e group s#ould e3amine< in parti"ular< t#e possi)ilit2 o minimum European standards or guidelines or t#e (e3 ante and e3 post) oversig#t o intelligen"e servi"es on t#e )asis o e3isting )est pra"ti"es and re"ommendations )2 international )odies ((1< %oun"il o Europe)< in"luding t#e issue o oversig#t )odies )eing "onsidered as a t#ird part2 under t#e Pt#ird part2 rule>< or t#e prin"iple o Poriginator "ontrol>< on t#e oversig#t and a""ounta)ilit2 o intelligen"e rom oreign "ountries< "riteria on en#an"ed transparen"2< )uilt on t#e general prin"iple o a""ess to in ormation and t#e so-"alled PFs#4ane Prin"iples>1< as 4ell as prin"iples regarding t#e limits on t#e duration and s"ope o an2 surveillan"e ensuring t#at t#e2 are proportionate and limited to its purposeG

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F#e 7lo)al Prin"iples on 1ational 6e"urit2 and t#e Rig#t to :n ormation< ?une 2013/

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%alls on t#is 7roup to prepare a report or and to assist in t#e preparation o a "on eren"e to )e #eld )2 Parliament 4it# national oversig#t )odies< 4#et#er parliamentar2 or independent< )2 t#e )eginning o 2015G %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to dra4 on )est pra"ti"es so as to improve a""ess )2 t#eir oversig#t )odies to in ormation on intelligen"e a"tivities (in"luding "lassi ied in ormation and in ormation rom ot#er servi"es) and esta)lis# t#e po4er to "ondu"t on-site visits< a ro)ust set o po4ers o interrogation< adeIuate resour"es and te"#ni"al e3pertise< stri"t independen"e vis-S-vis t#eir respe"tive governments< and a reporting o)ligation to t#eir respe"tive parliamentsG %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to develop "ooperation among oversig#t )odies< in parti"ular 4it#in t#e European 1et4orD o 1ational :ntelligen"e Revie4ers (E11:R)G (rges t#e @R/0P to regularl2 a""ount or t#e a"tivities o t#e E( :ntelligen"e Anal2sis %entre (:nt%en)< 4#i"# is part o t#e European E3ternal A"tion 6ervi"e< to t#e responsi)le )odies o Parliament< in"luding its ull "omplian"e 4it# undamental rig#ts and appli"a)le E( data priva"2 rules< allo4ing or improved oversig#t )2 Parliament o t#e e3ternal dimension o E( poli"iesG urges t#e %ommission and t#e @R/0P to present a proposal or a legal )asis or t#e a"tivities o :nt%en< s#ould an2 operations or uture "ompeten"es in t#e area o intelligen"e or data "olle"tion a"ilities o its o4n )e envisaged 4#i"# ma2 #ave an impa"t on t#e E(>s internal se"urit2 strateg2G %alls on t#e %ommission to present< )2 &e"em)er 201$< a proposal or an E( se"urit2 "learan"e pro"edure or all E( o i"e #olders< as t#e "urrent s2stem< 4#i"# relies on t#e se"urit2 "learan"e undertaDen )2 t#e !em)er 6tate o "iti=ens#ip< provides or di erent reIuirements and lengt#s o pro"edures 4it#in national s2stems< t#us leading to di ering treatment o !em)ers o Parliament and t#eir sta depending on t#eir nationalit2G Re"alls t#e provisions o t#e interinstitutional agreement )et4een t#e European Parliament and t#e %oun"il "on"erning t#e or4arding to and #andling )2 Parliament o "lassi ied in ormation #eld )2 t#e %oun"il on matters ot#er t#an t#ose in t#e area o t#e "ommon oreign and se"urit2 poli"2< 4#i"# s#ould )e used to improve oversig#t at E( levelG

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EU agencies -$/ %alls on t#e Europol ?oint 6upervisor2 Eod2< toget#er 4it# national data prote"tion aut#orities< to "ondu"t a *oint inspe"tion )e ore t#e end o 201$ in order to as"ertain 4#et#er in ormation and personal data s#ared 4it# Europol #ave )een la4 ull2 a"Iuired )2 national aut#orities< parti"ularl2 i t#e in ormation or data 4ere initiall2 a"Iuired )2 intelligen"e servi"es in t#e E( or a t#ird "ountr2< and 4#et#er appropriate measures are in pla"e to prevent t#e use and urt#er dissemination o su"# in ormation or dataG "onsiders t#at Europol s#ould not pro"ess an2 in ormation or data 4#i"# 4ere o)tained in violation o undamental rig#ts 4#i"# 4ould )e prote"ted under t#e %#arter o Bundamental Rig#tsG %alls on Europol to maDe ull use o its mandate to reIuest t#e "ompetent aut#orities o t#e !em)er 6tates to initiate "riminal investigations 4it# regards to ma*or "2)eratta"Ds and :F )rea"#es 4it# potential "ross-)order impa"tG )elieves t#at EuropolMs mandate s#ould )e en#an"ed in order to allo4 it to initiate its o4n investigation ollo4ing

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suspi"ion o a mali"ious atta"D on t#e net4orD and in ormation s2stems o t4o or more !em)er 6tates or (nion )odies1G "alls on t#e %ommission to revie4 t#e a"tivities o EuropolMs European %2)er"rime %entre (E%3) and< i ne"essar2< put or4ard a proposal or a "ompre#ensive rame4orD or strengt#ening its "ompeten"esG Freedom of e'pression -,/ E3presses its deep "on"ern at t#e mounting t#reats to t#e reedom o t#e press and t#e "#illing e e"t on *ournalists o intimidation )2 state aut#orities< in parti"ular as regards t#e prote"tion o "on identialit2 o *ournalisti" sour"esG reiterates t#e "alls e3pressed in its resolution o 21 !a2 2013 on Pt#e E( %#arter: standard settings or media reedom a"ross t#e E(>G FaDes note o t#e detention o &avid !iranda and t#e sei=ure o t#e material in #is possession )2 t#e (9 aut#orities under 6"#edule 7 o t#e Ferrorism A"t 2000 (and also t#e reIuest made to t#e 1uardian ne4spaper to destro2 or #and over t#e material) and e3presses its "on"ern t#at t#is "onstitutes a possi)le serious inter eren"e 4it# t#e rig#t o reedom o e3pression and media reedom as re"ognised )2 Arti"le 10 o t#e E%@R and Arti"le 11 o t#e E( %#arter and t#at legislation intended to ig#t terrorism "ould )e misused in su"# instan"esG &ra4s attention to t#e plig#t o 4#istle)lo4ers and t#eir supporters< in"luding *ournalists ollo4ing t#eir revelationsG "alls on t#e %ommission to "ondu"t an e3amination as to 4#et#er a uture legislative proposal esta)lis#ing an e e"tive and "ompre#ensive European 4#istle)lo4er prote"tion programme< as alread2 reIuested in Parliament>s resolution o 23 +"to)er 2013< s#ould also in"lude ot#er ields o (nion "ompeten"e< 4it# parti"ular attention to t#e "omple3it2 o 4#istle)lo4ing in t#e ield o intelligen"eG "alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to t#oroug#l2 e3amine t#e possi)ilit2 o granting 4#istle)lo4ers international prote"tion rom prose"utionG %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to ensure t#at t#eir legislation< nota)l2 in t#e ield o national se"urit2< provides a sa e alternative to silen"e or dis"losing or reporting o 4rongdoing< in"luding "orruption< "riminal o en"es< )rea"#es o legal o)ligation< mis"arriages o *usti"e and a)use o aut#orit2< 4#i"# is also in line 4it# t#e provisions o di erent international ((1 and %oun"il o Europe) instruments against "orruption< t#e prin"iples laid out in t#e PA%E Resolution 172' (2010)< t#e Fs#4ane prin"iples< et"/G

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EU !T security '0/ Points out t#at re"ent in"idents "learl2 demonstrate t#e a"ute vulnera)ilit2 o t#e E(< and in parti"ular t#e E( institutions< national governments and parliaments< ma*or European "ompanies< European :F in rastru"tures and net4orDs< to sop#isti"ated atta"Ds using "omple3 so t4are and mal4areG notes t#at t#ese atta"Ds reIuire inan"ial and #uman resour"es on a s"ale su"# t#at t#e2 are liDel2 to originate rom state entities a"ting on )e#al o oreign governmentsG in t#is "onte3t< regards t#e "ase o t#e #a"Ding or tapping o t#e tele"ommuni"ations "ompan2 Eelga"om as a 4orr2ing e3ample o an atta"D on t#e E(>s :F "apa"it2G underlines t#at )oosting E( :F "apa"it2 and se"urit2 also redu"es t#e
European Parliament position o 25 Be)ruar2 201$ on t#e proposal or a regulation o t#e European Parliament and o t#e %oun"il on t#e European (nion Agen"2 or Ka4 En or"ement %ooperation and Fraining (Europol) (Fe3ts adopted< P7HFA(201$)0121)/

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vulnera)ilit2 o t#e E( to4ards serious "2)eratta"Ds originating rom large "riminal organisations or terrorist groupsG '1/ FaDes t#e vie4 t#at t#e mass surveillan"e revelations t#at #ave initiated t#is "risis "an )e used as an opportunit2 or Europe to taDe t#e initiative and )uild up< as a strategi" priorit2 measure< a strong and autonomous :F De2-resour"e "apa)ilit2G stresses t#at in order to regain trust< su"# a European :F "apa)ilit2 s#ould )e )ased< as mu"# as possi)le< on open standards and open-sour"e so t4are and i possi)le #ard4are< maDing t#e 4#ole suppl2 "#ain rom pro"essor design to appli"ation la2er transparent and revie4a)leG points out t#at in order to regain "ompetitiveness in t#e strategi" se"tor o :F servi"es< a Pdigital ne4 deal> is needed< 4it# *oint and large-s"ale e orts )2 E( institutions< !em)er 6tates< resear"# institutions< industr2 and "ivil so"iet2G "alls on t#e %ommission and t#e !em)er 6tates to use pu)li" pro"urement as leverage to support su"# resour"e "apa)ilit2 in t#e E( )2 maDing E( se"urit2 and priva"2 standards a De2 reIuirement in t#e pu)li" pro"urement o :F goods and servi"esG urges t#e %ommission< t#ere ore< to revie4 t#e "urrent pu)li" pro"urement pra"ti"es 4it# regard to data pro"essing in order to "onsider restri"ting tender pro"edures to "erti ied "ompanies< and possi)l2 to E( "ompanies< 4#ere se"urit2 or ot#er vital interests are involvedG 6trongl2 "ondemns t#e a"t t#at intelligen"e servi"es soug#t to lo4er :F se"urit2 standards and to install )a"Ddoors in a 4ide range o :F s2stemsG asDs t#e %ommission to present dra t legislation to )an t#e use o )a"Ddoors )2 la4 en or"ement agen"iesG re"ommends< "onseIuentl2< t#e use o open-sour"e so t4are in all environments 4#ere :F se"urit2 is a "on"ernG %alls on all t#e !em)er 6tates< t#e %ommission< t#e %oun"il and t#e European %oun"il to give t#eir ullest support< in"luding t#roug# unding in t#e ield o resear"# and development< to t#e development o European innovative and te"#nologi"al "apa)ilit2 in :F tools< "ompanies and providers (#ard4are< so t4are< servi"es and net4orD)< in"luding or purposes o "2)erse"urit2 and en"r2ption and "r2ptograp#i" "apa)ilitiesG "alls on all responsi)le E( institutions and !em)er 6tates to invest in E( lo"al and independent te"#nologies< and to develop massivel2 and in"rease dete"tion "apa)ilitiesG %alls on t#e %ommission< standardisation )odies and E1:6A to develop< )2 &e"em)er 201$< minimum se"urit2 and priva"2 standards and guidelines or :F s2stems< net4orDs and servi"es< in"luding "loud "omputing servi"es< in order to )etter prote"t E( "iti=ensM personal data and t#e integrit2 o all :F s2stemsG )elieves t#at su"# standards "ould )e"ome t#e )en"#marD or ne4 glo)al standards and s#ould )e set in an open and demo"rati" pro"ess< rat#er t#an )eing driven )2 a single "ountr2< entit2 or multinational "ompan2G taDes t#e vie4 t#at< 4#ile legitimate la4 en or"ement and intelligen"e "on"erns need to )e taDen into a""ount in order to support t#e ig#t against terrorism< t#e2 s#ould not lead to a general undermining o t#e dependa)ilit2 o all :F s2stemsG e3presses support or t#e re"ent de"isions )2 t#e :nternet Engineering FasD Bor"e (:EFB) to in"lude governments in t#e t#reat model or internet se"urit2G Points out t#at E( and national tele"om regulators< and in "ertain "ases also tele"om "ompanies< #ave "learl2 negle"ted t#e :F se"urit2 o t#eir users and "lientsG "alls on t#e %ommission to maDe ull use o its e3isting po4ers under t#e ePriva"2 and Fele"ommuni"ation Brame4orD &ire"tive to strengt#en t#e prote"tion o "on identialit2 o "ommuni"ation )2 adopting measures to ensure t#at terminal eIuipment is "ompati)le

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4it# t#e rig#t o users to "ontrol and prote"t t#eir personal data< and to ensure a #ig# level o se"urit2 o tele"ommuni"ation net4orDs and servi"es< in"luding )2 4a2 o reIuiring state-o -t#e-art end-to-end en"r2ption o "ommuni"ationsG ',/ 6upports t#e E( "2)er strateg2< )ut "onsiders t#at it does not "over all possi)le t#reats and s#ould )e e3tended to "over mali"ious state )e#aviourG underlines t#e need or more ro)ust :F se"urit2 and resilien"e o :F s2stemsG %alls on t#e %ommission< )2 ?anuar2 2015 at t#e latest< to present an A"tion Plan to develop greater E( independen"e in t#e :F se"tor< in"luding a more "o#erent approa"# to )oosting European :F te"#nologi"al "apa)ilities (in"luding :F s2stems< eIuipment< servi"es< "loud "omputing< en"r2ption and anon2misation) and to t#e prote"tion o "riti"al :F in rastru"ture (in"luding in terms o o4ners#ip and vulnera)ilit2)G %alls on t#e %ommission< in t#e rame4orD o t#e ne3t CorD Programme o t#e @ori=on 2020 Programme< to dire"t more resour"es to4ards )oosting European resear"#< development< innovation and training in t#e ield o :F< in parti"ular priva"2-en#an"ing te"#nologies and in rastru"tures< "r2ptolog2< se"ure "omputing< t#e )est possi)le se"urit2 solutions in"luding open-sour"e se"urit2< and ot#er in ormation so"iet2 servi"es< and also to promote t#e internal marDet in European so t4are< #ard4are< and en"r2pted means o "ommuni"ation and "ommuni"ation in rastru"tures< in"luding )2 developing a "ompre#ensive E( industrial strateg2 or t#e :F industr2G "onsiders t#at small and medium enterprises pla2 a parti"ular role in resear"#G stresses t#at no E( unding s#ould )e granted to pro*e"ts #aving t#e sole purpose o developing tools or gaining illegal a""ess into :F s2stemsG AsDs t#e %ommission to map out "urrent responsi)ilities and to revie4< )2 &e"em)er 201$ at t#e latest< t#e need or a )roader mandate< )etter "oordination and/or additional resour"es and te"#ni"al "apa)ilities or E1:6A< Europol>s %2)er %rime %entre and ot#er (nion "entres o spe"ialised e3pertise< %ERF-E( and t#e E&P6< in order to ena)le t#em to pla2 a De2 role in se"uring European "ommuni"ation s2stems< )e more e e"tive in preventing and investigating ma*or :F )rea"#es in t#e E( and per orming (or assisting !em)er 6tates and E( )odies to per orm) on-site te"#ni"al investigations regarding ma*or :F )rea"#esG in parti"ular< "alls on t#e %ommission to "onsider strengt#ening E1:6AMs role in de ending t#e internal s2stems 4it#in t#e E( institutions and to esta)lis# 4it#in E1:6AMs stru"ture a %omputer Emergen"2 Response Feam (%ERF) or t#e E( and its !em)er 6tatesG

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100/ ReIuests t#e %ommission to assess t#e need or an E( :F A"adem2 t#at )rings toget#er t#e )est independent European and international e3perts in all related ields< tasDed 4it# providing all relevant E( institutions and )odies 4it# s"ienti i" advi"e on :F te"#nologies< in"luding se"urit2-related strategiesG 101/ %alls on t#e "ompetent servi"es o t#e 6e"retariat o t#e European Parliament< under t#e responsi)ilit2 o t#e President o Parliament< to "arr2 out< )2 ?une 2015 at t#e latest 4it# an intermediate report )2 &e"em)er 201$ at t#e latest< a t#oroug# revie4 and assessment o Parliament>s :F se"urit2 dependa)ilit2< o"used on: )udgetar2 means< sta resour"es< te"#ni"al "apa)ilities< internal organisation and all relevant elements< in order to a"#ieve a #ig# level o se"urit2 or Parliament>s :F s2stemsG )elieves t#at su"# an assessment s#ould at t#e least provide in ormation< anal2sis and re"ommendations on:

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− t#e need or regular< rigorous and independent se"urit2 audits and penetration tests< 4it# t#e sele"tion o outside se"urit2 e3perts ensuring transparen"2 and guarantees o t#eir "redentials vis-S-vis t#ird "ountries or an2 t2pes o vested interestG − t#e in"lusion in tender pro"edures or ne4 :F s2stems o )est-pra"ti"e spe"i i" :F se"urit2/priva"2 reIuirements< in"luding t#e possi)ilit2 o a reIuirement or opensour"e so t4are as a "ondition o pur"#ase or a reIuirement t#at trusted European "ompanies s#ould taDe part in t#e tender 4#en sensitive< se"urit2-related areas are "on"ernedG − t#e list o "ompanies under "ontra"t 4it# Parliament in t#e :F and tele"om ields< taDing into a""ount an2 in ormation t#at #as "ome to lig#t a)out t#eir "ooperation 4it# intelligen"e agen"ies (su"# as revelations a)out 16A "ontra"ts 4it# a "ompan2 su"# as R6A< 4#ose produ"ts Parliament is using to supposedl2 prote"t remote a""ess to t#eir data )2 its !em)ers and sta )< in"luding t#e easi)ilit2 o providing t#e same servi"es )2 ot#er< pre era)l2 European< "ompaniesG − t#e relia)ilit2 and resilien"e o t#e so t4are< and espe"iall2 o -t#e-s#el "ommer"ial so t4are< used )2 t#e E( institutions in t#eir :F s2stems 4it# regard to penetrations and intrusions )2 E( or t#ird-"ountr2 la4 en or"ement and intelligen"e aut#orities< taDing also into a""ount relevant international standards< )est-pra"ti"e se"urit2 risD management prin"iples< and ad#eren"e to E( 1et4orD :n ormation 6e"urit2 standards on se"urit2 )rea"#esG − t#e use o more open-sour"e s2stemsG − steps and measures to taDe in order to address t#e in"reased use o mo)ile tools (e/g/ smartp#ones< ta)lets< 4#et#er pro essional or personal) and its e e"ts on t#e :F se"urit2 o t#e s2stemG − t#e se"urit2 o t#e "ommuni"ations )et4een t#e di erent 4orDpla"es o t#e Parliament and o t#e :F s2stems used in ParliamentG − t#e use and lo"ation o servers and :F "entres or Parliament>s :F s2stems and t#e impli"ations or t#e se"urit2 and integrit2 o t#e s2stemsG − t#e implementation in realit2 o t#e e3isting rules on se"urit2 )rea"#es and prompt noti i"ation o t#e "ompetent aut#orities )2 t#e providers o pu)li"l2 availa)le tele"ommuni"ation net4orDsG − t#e use o "loud "omputing and storage servi"es )2 Parliament< in"luding t#e nature o t#e data stored in t#e "loud< #o4 t#e "ontent and a""ess to it is prote"ted and 4#ere t#e "loud-servers are lo"ated< "lari 2ing t#e appli"a)le data prote"tion and intelligen"e legal rame4orD< as 4ell as assessing t#e possi)ilities o solel2 using "loud servers t#at are )ased on E( territor2G − a plan allo4ing or t#e use o more "r2ptograp#i" te"#nologies< in parti"ular end-toend aut#enti"ated en"r2ption or all :F and "ommuni"ations servi"es su"# as "loud "omputing< email< instant messaging and telep#on2G

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− t#e use o ele"troni" signatures in emailG − a plan or using a de ault en"r2ption standard< su"# as t#e 71( Priva"2 7uard< or emails t#at 4ould at t#e same time allo4 or t#e use o digital signaturesG − t#e possi)ilit2 o setting up a se"ure instant messaging servi"e 4it#in Parliament allo4ing se"ure "ommuni"ation< 4it# t#e server onl2 seeing en"r2pted "ontentG 102/ %alls or all t#e E( institutions and agen"ies to per orm a similar e3er"ise in "ooperation 4it# E1:6A< Europol and t#e %ERFs< )2 ?une 2015 at t#e latest 4it# an intermediate report )2 &e"em)er 201$< in parti"ular t#e European %oun"il< t#e %oun"il< t#e European E3ternal A"tion 6ervi"e (in"luding E( delegations)< t#e %ommission< t#e %ourt o ?usti"e and t#e European %entral EanDG invites t#e !em)er 6tates to "ondu"t similar assessmentsG 103/ 6tresses t#at as ar as t#e e3ternal a"tion o t#e E( is "on"erned< assessments o related )udgetar2 needs s#ould )e "arried out and irst measures taDen 4it#out dela2 in t#e "ase o t#e European E3ternal A"tion 6ervi"e (EEA6) and t#at appropriate unds need to )e allo"ated in t#e 2015 dra t )udgetG 10$/ FaDes t#e vie4 t#at t#e large-s"ale :F s2stems used in t#e area o reedom< se"urit2 and *usti"e< su"# as t#e 6"#engen :n ormation 62stem ::< t#e 0isa :n ormation 62stem< Euroda" and possi)le uture s2stems su"# as E(-E6FA< s#ould )e developed and operated in su"# a 4a2 as to ensure t#at data are not "ompromised as a result o reIuests )2 aut#orities rom t#ird "ountriesG asDs eu-K:6A to report )a"D to Parliament on t#e relia)ilit2 o t#e s2stems in pla"e )2 t#e end o 201$G 105/ %alls on t#e %ommission and t#e EEA6 to taDe a"tion at t#e international level< 4it# t#e (1 in parti"ular< and in "ooperation 4it# interested partners to implement an E( strateg2 or demo"rati" governan"e o t#e internet in order to prevent undue in luen"e over :%A11>s and :A1A>s a"tivities )2 an2 individual entit2< "ompan2 or "ountr2 )2 ensuring appropriate representation o all interested parties in t#ese )odies< 4#ile avoiding t#e a"ilitation o state "ontrol or "ensors#ip or t#e )alDanisation and ragmentation o t#e internetG 10,/ %alls or t#e E( to taDe t#e lead in res#aping t#e ar"#ite"ture and governan"e o t#e internet in order to address t#e risDs related to data lo4s and storage< striving or more data minimisation and transparen"2 and less "entralised mass storage o ra4 data< as 4ell as or rerouting o :nternet tra i" or ull end-to-end en"r2ption o all :nternet tra i" so as to avoid t#e "urrent risDs asso"iated 4it# unne"essar2 routing o tra i" t#roug# t#e territor2 o "ountries t#at do not meet )asi" standards on undamental rig#ts< data prote"tion and priva"2G 107/ %alls or t#e promotion o : − E( sear"# engines and E( so"ial net4orDs as a valua)le step in t#e dire"tion o :F independen"e or t#e E(G − European :F servi"e providersG

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− en"r2pting "ommuni"ation in general< in"luding email and 6!6 "ommuni"ationG − European :F De2 elements< or instan"e solutions or "lient-server operating s2stems< using open-sour"e standards< developing European elements or grid "oupling< e/g/ routersG 10-/ %alls on t#e %ommission to present a legal proposal or an E( routing s2stem in"luding t#e pro"essing o "all detail re"ords (%&Rs) at E( level t#at 4ill )e a su)stru"ture o t#e e3isting internet and 4ill not e3tend )e2ond E( )ordersG notes t#at all routing data and %&Rs s#ould )e pro"essed in a""ordan"e 4it# E( legal rame4orDsG 10'/ %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates< in "ooperation 4it# E1:6A< EuropolMs %2)er%rime %entre< %ERFs and national data prote"tion aut#orities and "2)er"rime units< to develop a "ulture o se"urit2 and to laun"# an edu"ation and a4areness-raising "ampaign in order to ena)le "iti=ens to maDe a more in ormed "#oi"e regarding 4#at personal data to put on-line and #o4 )etter to prote"t t#em< in"luding t#roug# en"r2ption and sa e "loud "omputing< maDing ull use o t#e pu)li" interest in ormation plat orm provided or in t#e (niversal 6ervi"e &ire"tiveG 110/ %alls on t#e %ommission< )2 &e"em)er 201$< to put or4ard legislative proposals to en"ourage so t4are and #ard4are manu a"turers to introdu"e more se"urit2 and priva"2 )2 design and )2 de ault eatures in t#eir produ"ts< in"luding )2 introdu"ing disin"entives or t#e undue and disproportionate "olle"tion o mass personal data and legal lia)ilit2 on t#e part o manu a"turers or unpat"#ed Dno4n vulnera)ilities< ault2 or inse"ure produ"ts or t#e installation o se"ret )a"Ddoors ena)ling unaut#orised a""ess to and pro"essing o dataG in t#is respe"t< "alls on t#e %ommission to evaluate t#e possi)ilit2 o setting up a "erti i"ation or validation s"#eme or :F #ard4are in"luding testing pro"edures at E( level to ensure t#e integrit2 and se"urit2 o t#e produ"tsG 0e"uildin* trust 111/ Eelieves t#at< )e2ond t#e need or legislative "#ange< t#e inIuir2 #as s#o4n t#e need or t#e (6 to restore trust 4it# its E( partners< as it is t#e (6 intelligen"e agen"ies> a"tivities t#at are primaril2 at staDeG 112/ Points out t#at t#e "risis o "on iden"e generated e3tends to: − t#e spirit o "ooperation 4it#in t#e E(< as some national intelligen"e a"tivities ma2 *eopardise t#e attainment o t#e (nion>s o)*e"tivesG − "iti=ens< 4#o realise t#at not onl2 t#ird "ountries or multinational "ompanies )ut also t#eir o4n government ma2 )e sp2ing on t#emG − respe"t or undamental rig#ts< demo"ra"2 and t#e rule o la4< as 4ell as t#e "redi)ilit2 o demo"rati"< *udi"ial and parliamentar2 sa eguards and oversig#t in a digital so"iet2G 2et+een the EU and the U3

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113/ Re"alls t#e important #istori"al and strategi" partners#ip )et4een t#e E( !em)er 6tates and t#e (6< )ased on a "ommon )elie in demo"ra"2< t#e rule o la4 and undamental rig#tsG 11$/ Eelieves t#at t#e mass surveillan"e o "iti=ens and t#e sp2ing on politi"al leaders )2 t#e (6 #ave "aused serious damage to relations )et4een t#e E( and t#e (6 and negativel2 impa"ted on trust in (6 organisations a"ting in t#e E(G t#is is urt#er e3a"er)ated )2 t#e la"D o *udi"ial and administrative remedies or redress under (6 la4 or E( "iti=ens< parti"ularl2 in "ases o surveillan"e a"tivities or intelligen"e purposesG 115/ Re"ognises< in lig#t o t#e glo)al "#allenges a"ing t#e E( and t#e (6< t#at t#e transatlanti" partners#ip needs to )e urt#er strengt#ened< and t#at it is vital t#at transatlanti" "ooperation in "ounter-terrorism "ontinues on a ne4 )asis o trust )ased on true "ommon respe"t or t#e rule o la4 and t#e re*e"tion o all indis"riminate pra"ti"es o mass surveillan"eG insists< t#ere ore< t#at "lear measures need to )e taDen )2 t#e (6 to reesta)lis# trust and re-emp#asise t#e s#ared )asi" values underl2ing t#e partners#ipG 11,/ :s read2 to engage in a dialogue 4it# (6 "ounterparts so t#at< in t#e ongoing Ameri"an pu)li" and "ongressional de)ate on re orming surveillan"e and revie4ing intelligen"e oversig#t< t#e rig#t to priva"2 and ot#er rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< residents or ot#er persons prote"ted )2 E( la4 and eIuivalent in ormation rig#ts and priva"2 prote"tion in (6 "ourts< in"luding legal redress< are guaranteed t#roug#< or e3ample< a revision o t#e Priva"2 A"t and t#e Ele"troni" %ommuni"ations Priva"2 A"t and )2 rati 2ing t#e Birst +ptional Proto"ol to t#e :nternational %ovenant on %ivil and Politi"al Rig#ts (:%%PR)< so t#at t#e "urrent dis"rimination is not perpetuatedG 117/ :nsists t#at ne"essar2 re orms )e undertaDen and e e"tive guarantees )e given to Europeans to ensure t#at t#e use o surveillan"e and data pro"essing or oreign intelligen"e purposes is proportional< limited )2 "learl2 spe"i ied "onditions< and related to reasona)le suspi"ion and pro)a)le "ause o terrorist a"tivit2G stresses t#at t#is purpose must )e su)*e"t to transparent *udi"ial oversig#tG 11-/ %onsiders t#at "lear politi"al signals are needed rom our Ameri"an partners to demonstrate t#at t#e (6 distinguis#es )et4een allies and adversariesG 11'/ (rges t#e %ommission and t#e (6 Administration to address< in t#e "onte3t o t#e ongoing negotiations on an E(-(6 (m)rella Agreement on data trans er or la4 en or"ement purposes< t#e in ormation and *udi"ial redress rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< and to "on"lude t#ese negotiations< in line 4it# t#e "ommitment made at t#e E(-(6 ?usti"e and @ome A airs !inisterial !eeting o 1- 1ovem)er 2013< )e ore summer 201$G 120/ En"ourages t#e (6 to a""ede to t#e %oun"il o Europe>s %onvention or t#e Prote"tion o :ndividuals 4it# regard to Automati" Pro"essing o Personal &ata (%onvention 10-)< as it a""eded to t#e 2001 %onvention on %2)er"rime< t#us strengt#ening t#e s#ared legal )asis )et4een t#e transatlanti" alliesG 121/ %alls on t#e E( institutions to e3plore t#e possi)ilities or esta)lis#ing 4it# t#e (6 a "ode o "ondu"t 4#i"# 4ould guarantee t#at no (6 espionage is pursued against E( institutions and a"ilitiesG 4ithin the European Union

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122/ Also )elieves t#at t#e involvement and a"tivities o E( !em)er 6tates #ave led to a loss o trust< in"luding among !em)er 6tates and )et4een E( "iti=ens and t#eir national aut#oritiesG is o t#e opinion t#at onl2 ull "larit2 as to purposes and means o surveillan"e< pu)li" de)ate and< ultimatel2< revision o legislation< in"luding an end to mass surveillan"e a"tivities and strengt#ening t#e s2stem o *udi"ial and parliamentar2 oversig#t< 4ill it )e possi)le to re-esta)lis# t#e trust lostG reiterates t#e di i"ulties involved in developing "ompre#ensive E( se"urit2 poli"ies 4it# su"# mass surveillan"e a"tivities in operation< and stresses t#at t#e E( prin"iple o sin"ere "ooperation reIuires t#at !em)er 6tates re rain rom "ondu"ting intelligen"e a"tivities in ot#er !em)er 6tatesM territor2G 123/ 1otes t#at some !em)er 6tates are pursuing )ilateral "ommuni"ation 4it# t#e (6 aut#orities on sp2ing allegations< and t#at some o t#em #ave "on"luded (t#e (9) or envisage "on"luding (7erman2< Bran"e) so-"alled Panti-sp2ing> arrangementsG stresses t#at t#ese !em)er 6tates need to o)serve ull2 t#e interests and t#e legislative rame4orD o t#e E( as a 4#oleG deems su"# )ilateral arrangements to )e "ounterprodu"tive and irrelevant< given t#e need or a European approa"# to t#is pro)lemG asDs t#e %oun"il to in orm Parliament on developments )2 !em)er 6tates on an E(-4ide mutual no-sp2 arrangementG 12$/ %onsiders t#at su"# arrangements s#ould not )rea"# t#e (nion Freaties< espe"iall2 t#e prin"iple o sin"ere "ooperation (under Arti"le $(3) FE()< or undermine E( poli"ies in general and< more spe"i i"all2< t#e internal marDet< air "ompetition< and e"onomi"< industrial and so"ial developmentG de"ides to revie4 an2 su"# arrangements or t#eir "ompati)ilit2 4it# European la4< and reserves t#e rig#t to a"tivate Freat2 pro"edures in t#e event o su"# arrangements )eing proven to "ontradi"t t#e (nionMs "o#esion or t#e undamental prin"iples on 4#i"# it is )asedG 125/ %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to maDe ever2 e ort to ensure )etter "ooperation 4it# a vie4 to providing sa eguards against espionage< in "ooperation 4it# t#e relevant E( )odies and agen"ies< or t#e prote"tion o E( "iti=ens and institutions< European "ompanies< E( industr2< and :F in rastru"ture and net4orDs< as 4ell as European resear"#G "onsiders t#e a"tive involvement o E( staDe#olders to )e a pre"ondition or an e e"tive e3"#ange o in ormationG points out t#at se"urit2 t#reats #ave )e"ome more international< di use and "omple3< t#ere)2 reIuiring an en#an"ed European "ooperationG )elieves t#at t#is development s#ould )e )etter re le"ted in t#e Freaties< and t#ere ore "alls or a revision o t#e Freaties in order to rein or"e t#e notion o sin"ere "ooperation )et4een t#e !em)er 6tates and t#e (nion as regards t#e o)*e"tive o a"#ieving an area o se"urit2 and to prevent mutual espionage )et4een !em)er 6tates 4it#in t#e (nionG 12,/ %onsiders tap-proo "ommuni"ation stru"tures (email and tele"ommuni"ations< in"luding landlines and "ell p#ones) and tap-proo meeting rooms 4it#in all relevant E( institutions and E( delegations to )e a)solutel2 ne"essar2G t#ere ore "alls or t#e esta)lis#ment o an en"r2pted internal E( email s2stemG 127/ %alls on t#e %oun"il and %ommission to "onsent 4it#out urt#er dela2 to t#e proposal adopted )2 t#e European Parliament on 23 !a2 2012 or a regulation o t#e European Parliament on t#e detailed provisions governing t#e e3er"ise o t#e European ParliamentMs rig#t o inIuir2 and repealing &e"ision '5/1,7/E%< Euratom< E%6% o t#e European Parliament< t#e %oun"il and t#e %ommission presented on t#e )asis o Arti"le 22, FBE(G

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"alls or a revision o t#e Freat2 in order to e3tend su"# inIuir2 po4ers to "over< 4it#out restri"tions or e3"eptions< all ields o (nion "ompeten"e or a"tivit2 and to in"lude t#e possi)ilit2 o Iuestioning under oat#G -nternationally 12-/ %alls on t#e %ommission to present< )2 ?anuar2 2015 at t#e latest< an E( strateg2 or demo"rati" governan"e o t#e internetG 12'/ %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to ollo4 t#e "all o t#e 35t# :nternational %on eren"e o &ata Prote"tion and Priva"2 %ommissioners Pto advo"ate t#e adoption o an additional proto"ol to Arti"le17 o t#e :nternational %ovenant on %ivil and Politi"al Rig#ts (:%%PR)< 4#i"# s#ould )e )ased on t#e standards t#at #ave )een developed and endorsed )2 t#e :nternational %on eren"e and t#e provisions in t#e @uman Rig#ts %ommittee 7eneral %omment 1o 1, to t#e %ovenant in order to "reate glo)all2 appli"a)le standards or data prote"tion and t#e prote"tion o priva"2 in a""ordan"e 4it# t#e rule o la4>G "alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to in"lude in t#is e3er"ise a "all or an international (1 agen"2 to )e in "#arge o < in parti"ular< monitoring t#e emergen"e o surveillan"e tools and regulating and investigating t#eir usesG asDs t#e @ig# Representative/0i"e-President o t#e %ommission and t#e European E3ternal A"tion 6ervi"e to taDe a proa"tive stan"eG 130/ %alls on t#e !em)er 6tates to develop a "o#erent and strong strateg2 4it#in t#e (1< supporting in parti"ular t#e resolution on Pt#e rig#t to priva"2 in t#e digital age> initiated )2 Era=il and 7erman2< as adopted )2 t#e F#ird %ommittee o t#e (1 7eneral Assem)l2 %ommittee (@uman Rig#ts %ommittee) on 27 1ovem)er 2013< as 4ell as taDing urt#er a"tion or t#e de en"e o t#e undamental rig#t to priva"2 and data prote"tion at an international level 4#ile avoiding an2 a"ilitation o state "ontrol or "ensors#ip or t#e ragmentation o t#e internet< in"luding an initiative or an international treat2 pro#i)iting mass surveillan"e a"tivities and an agen"2 or its oversig#tG 3riority 3lanC & European 4igital =abeas %orpus " protecting fundamental rights in a digital age 131/ &e"ides to su)mit to E( "iti=ens< institutions and !em)er 6tates t#e a)ove-mentioned re"ommendations as a Priorit2 Plan or t#e ne3t legislatureG "alls on t#e %ommission and t#e ot#er E( institutions< )odies< o i"es and agen"ies re erred to in t#is resolution< in a""ordan"e 4it# Arti"le 2,5 FBE(< to a"t upon t#e re"ommendations and "alls as "ontained in t#is resolutionG 132/ &e"ides to laun"# PA European &igital @a)eas %orpus - prote"ting undamental rig#ts in a digital age> 4it# t#e ollo4ing - a"tions< t#e implementation o 4#i"# it 4ill oversee: . A"tion 1: Adopt t#e &ata Prote"tion Pa"Dage in 201$G . A"tion 2: %on"lude t#e E(-(6 (m)rella Agreement guaranteeing t#e undamental rig#t o "iti=ens to priva"2 and data prote"tion and ensuring proper redress me"#anisms or E( "iti=ens< in"luding in t#e event o data trans ers rom t#e E( to t#e (6 or la4 en or"ement purposesG . A"tion 3: 6uspend 6a e @ar)our until a ull revie4 #as )een "ondu"ted and "urrent loop#oles are remedied< maDing sure t#at trans ers o personal data or "ommer"ial

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purposes rom t#e (nion to t#e (6 "an onl2 taDe pla"e in "omplian"e 4it# t#e #ig#est E( standardsG . A"tion $: 6uspend t#e FBFP agreement until: (i) t#e (m)rella Agreement negotiations #ave )een "on"ludedG (ii) a t#oroug# investigation #as )een "on"luded on t#e )asis o an E( anal2sis and all "on"erns raised )2 Parliament in its resolution o 23 +"to)er 2013 #ave )een properl2 addressedG . A"tion 5: Evaluate an2 agreement< me"#anism or e3"#ange 4it# t#ird "ountries involving personal data in order to ensure t#at t#e rig#t to priva"2 and to t#e prote"tion o personal data is not violated due to surveillan"e a"tivities< and taDe ne"essar2 ollo4-up a"tionsG . A"tion ,: Prote"t t#e rule o la4 and t#e undamental rig#ts o E( "iti=ens< (in"luding rom t#reats to t#e reedom o t#e press)< t#e rig#t o t#e pu)li" to re"eive impartial in ormation and pro essional "on identialit2 (in"luding la42er-"lient relations)< as 4ell as ensuring en#an"ed prote"tion or 4#istle)lo4ersG . A"tion 7: &evelop a European strateg2 or greater :F independen"e (a Pdigital ne4 deal> in"luding t#e allo"ation o adeIuate resour"es at national and E( level) in order to )oost :F industr2 and allo4 European "ompanies to e3ploit t#e E( priva"2 "ompetitive advantageG . A"tion -: &evelop t#e E( as a re eren"e pla2er or a demo"rati" and neutral governan"e o t#e internetG 133/ %alls on t#e E( institutions and t#e !em)er 6tates to promote t#e PEuropean &igital @a)eas %orpus> prote"ting undamental rig#ts in a digital ageG undertaDes to a"t as t#e E( "iti=ensI rig#ts advo"ate< 4it# t#e ollo4ing timeta)le to monitor implementation: − April 201$-!ar"# 2015: a monitoring group )ased on t#e K:EE inIuir2 team responsi)le or monitoring an2 ne4 revelations "on"erning t#e inIuir2Ms mandate and s"rutinising t#e implementation o t#is resolutionG − ?ul2 201$ on4ards: a standing oversig#t me"#anism or data trans ers and *udi"ial remedies 4it#in t#e "ompetent "ommitteeG − 6pring 201$: a ormal "all on t#e European %oun"il to in"lude t#e PEuropean &igital @a)eas %orpus - prote"ting undamental rig#ts in a digital age> in t#e guidelines to )e adopted under Arti"le ,- FBE(G − Autumn 201$: a "ommitment t#at t#e PEuropean &igital @a)eas %orpus - prote"ting undamental rig#ts in a digital age> and related re"ommendations 4ill serve as De2 "riteria or t#e approval o t#e ne3t %ommissionG − 201$: a "on eren"e )ringing toget#er #ig#-level European e3perts in t#e various ields "ondu"ive to :F se"urit2 (in"luding mat#emati"s< "r2ptograp#2 and priva"2-en#an"ing te"#nologies) to #elp oster an E( :F strateg2 or t#e ne3t legislative termG

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− 201$-2015: a Frust/&ata/%iti=ens> Rig#ts group to )e "onvened on a regular )asis )et4een t#e European Parliament and t#e (6 %ongress< as 4ell as 4it# ot#er "ommitted t#ird-"ountr2 parliaments< in"luding t#at o Era=ilG − 201$-2015: a "on eren"e 4it# t#e intelligen"e oversig#t )odies o European national parliamentsG o o o

13$/ :nstru"ts its President to or4ard t#is resolution to t#e European %oun"il< t#e %oun"il< t#e %ommission< t#e parliaments and governments o t#e !em)er 6tates< t#e national data prote"tion aut#orities< t#e E&P6< eu-K:6A< E1:6A< t#e Bundamental Rig#ts Agen"2< t#e Arti"le 2' CorDing Part2< t#e %oun"il o Europe< t#e %ongress o t#e (nited 6tates o Ameri"a< t#e (6 Administration< t#e President< 7overnment and Parliament o t#e Bederative Repu)li" o Era=il< and t#e (1 6e"retar2-7eneralG 135/ :nstru"ts its %ommittee on %ivil Ki)erties< ?usti"e and @ome A airs to address Parliament in plenar2 on t#e matter a 2ear a ter t#e adoption o t#is resolutionG "onsiders it essential to assess t#e e3tent to 4#i"# t#e re"ommendations adopted )2 Parliament #ave )een ollo4ed and to anal2se an2 instan"es 4#ere su"# re"ommendations #ave not )een ollo4edG

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