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44

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Sample Event (Group)

(1986 87)

()

(i)

If

2 2

100 35 15 A= , find A .

A =

2 2

100 35 15 A= A

(ii) If

6

( 1) 27

B

A = , find B .

B =

6

( 1) 27

B

A = B

(iii) In the given diagram, the sum of the three marked angles is C. Find C .

C =

C C

(iv)

If the lines 2 1 0 x y + + = and 9 1 0 x Dy + + = are parallel, find D .

D =

2 1 0 x y + + = 9 1 0 x Dy + + = D

P. 45

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Event 6 (Group)

(1986 87)

6 ()

(i) If o , | are the roots of

2

10 20 0 x x + = , and

2 2

p = o +| , find p .

p =

o|

2

10 20 0 x x + =

2 2

p = o +| p

(ii) The perimeter of an equilateral triangle is p . If its area is 3 k , find k .

k =

p 3 k k

(iii) Each interior angle of an N-sided regular polygon is 140. Find N .

N =

N 140 N

(iv)

If

( )( )( )

2 2 2 2 2 2

10 10 1 1 10 1 10 10 1 1 M = + + + , find M .

M =

( )( )( )

2 2 2 2 2 2

10 10 1 1 10 1 10 10 1 1 M = + + + M

P. 46

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Event 7 (Group)

(1986 87)

7 ()

(i) The acute angle formed by the hands of a clock at 3:30 p.m. is A. Find A .

A =

A A

(ii) If tan(3 15) A B + = , find B .

B =

tan(3 15) A B + = B

(iii)

If

10 10

log log 15 AB C = , find C .

C =

10 10

log log 15 AB C = C

(iv) The points (1, 3) , (4, 9) and (2, D) are collinear. Find D .

D =

(1, 3)(4, 9) (2, D) D

P. 47

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Event 8 (Group)

(1986 87)

8 ()

(i) If

5sin 4cos

3sin cos

A

u+ u

=

u+ u

and tan 2 u = , find A .

A =

5sin 4cos

3sin cos

A

u+ u

=

u+ u

tan 2 u = A

(ii)

If

1

2 x A

x

+ = , and

3

3

1

x B

x

+ = , find B .

B =

1

2 x A

x

+ =

3

3

1

x B

x

+ = B

(iii)

There are exactly N values of o satisfying the equation

3

cos cos 0 o o = ,

N =

where 0 360 s os . Find N .

N o

3

cos cos 0 o o = 0 360 s os N

(iv) If the N

th

day of May in a year is Thursday and the K

th

day of May in the same

K =

year is Monday, where 10 < K < 20 , find K .

N K

10 < K < 20 K

P. 48

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Event 9 (Group)

(1986 87)

9 ()

In the given multiplication, different letters represent different integers ranging

from 0 to 9.

0 9

A B C D

9

D C B A

(i) Find A .

A =

A

(ii) Find B .

B =

B

(iii) Find C .

C =

C

(iv) Find D .

D =

D

P. 49

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)

Event 10 (Group)

(1986 87)

10 ()

(i) The average of p , q , r and s is 5.

A =

The average of p , q , r , s and A is 8. Find A .

pqr s 5

pqrs A 8 A

(ii)

If the lines 3 2 1 0 x y + = and 1 0 Ax By + + = are perpendicular, find B .

B =

3 2 1 0 x y + = 1 0 Ax By + + = B

(iii)

When

3 2

3 1 Cx x x + is divided by 1 x + , the remainder is 7. Find C .

C =

3 2

3 1 Cx x x + 1 x + 7 C

(iv)

If P , Q are positive integers such that 90 P Q PQ + + = and D P Q = + , find

D =

D . (Hint: Factorise 1 P Q PQ + + + )

P , Q 90 P Q PQ + + = D P Q = + D(

1 P Q PQ + + + )

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