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# P.

44
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Sample Event (Group)
(1986 87)
()

(i)
If
2 2
100 35 15 A= , find A .

A =

2 2
100 35 15 A= A

(ii) If
6
( 1) 27
B
A = , find B .

B =

6
( 1) 27
B
A = B

(iii) In the given diagram, the sum of the three marked angles is C. Find C .
C =

C C

(iv)
If the lines 2 1 0 x y + + = and 9 1 0 x Dy + + = are parallel, find D .

D =

2 1 0 x y + + = 9 1 0 x Dy + + = D

P. 45
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Event 6 (Group)
(1986 87)
6 ()

(i) If o , | are the roots of
2
10 20 0 x x + = , and
2 2
p = o +| , find p .

p =

o|
2
10 20 0 x x + =
2 2
p = o +| p

(ii) The perimeter of an equilateral triangle is p . If its area is 3 k , find k .
k =

p 3 k k

(iii) Each interior angle of an N-sided regular polygon is 140. Find N .
N =

N 140 N

(iv)
If
( )( )( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
10 10 1 1 10 1 10 10 1 1 M = + + + , find M .

M =

( )( )( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
10 10 1 1 10 1 10 10 1 1 M = + + + M

P. 46
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Event 7 (Group)
(1986 87)
7 ()

(i) The acute angle formed by the hands of a clock at 3:30 p.m. is A. Find A .
A =

A A

(ii) If tan(3 15) A B + = , find B .

B =

tan(3 15) A B + = B

(iii)
If
10 10
log log 15 AB C = , find C .

C =

10 10
log log 15 AB C = C

(iv) The points (1, 3) , (4, 9) and (2, D) are collinear. Find D .
D =

(1, 3)(4, 9) (2, D) D

P. 47
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Event 8 (Group)
(1986 87)
8 ()

(i) If
5sin 4cos
3sin cos
A
u+ u
=
u+ u
and tan 2 u = , find A .

A =

5sin 4cos
3sin cos
A
u+ u
=
u+ u
tan 2 u = A

(ii)
If
1
2 x A
x
+ = , and
3
3
1
x B
x
+ = , find B .

B =

1
2 x A
x
+ =
3
3
1
x B
x
+ = B

(iii)
There are exactly N values of o satisfying the equation
3
cos cos 0 o o = ,

N =
where 0 360 s os . Find N .

N o
3
cos cos 0 o o = 0 360 s os N

(iv) If the N
th
day of May in a year is Thursday and the K
th
day of May in the same
K =
year is Monday, where 10 < K < 20 , find K .

N K
10 < K < 20 K

P. 48
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Event 9 (Group)
(1986 87)
9 ()

In the given multiplication, different letters represent different integers ranging
from 0 to 9.

0 9

A B C D
9
D C B A

(i) Find A .
A =

A

(ii) Find B .
B =

B

(iii) Find C .
C =

C

(iv) Find D .
D =

D

P. 49
Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (1986 87)
Event 10 (Group)
(1986 87)
10 ()

(i) The average of p , q , r and s is 5.
A =
The average of p , q , r , s and A is 8. Find A .

pqr s 5
pqrs A 8 A

(ii)
If the lines 3 2 1 0 x y + = and 1 0 Ax By + + = are perpendicular, find B .

B =

3 2 1 0 x y + = 1 0 Ax By + + = B

(iii)
When
3 2
3 1 Cx x x + is divided by 1 x + , the remainder is 7. Find C .

C =

3 2
3 1 Cx x x + 1 x + 7 C

(iv)
If P , Q are positive integers such that 90 P Q PQ + + = and D P Q = + , find

D =

D . (Hint: Factorise 1 P Q PQ + + + )

P , Q 90 P Q PQ + + = D P Q = + D(
1 P Q PQ + + + )