Election Commission | Elections | Voting

General Elections 2014

PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU GOVERNMENT OF INDIA *******

New Delhi: 14th March, 2014

PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS OF INDIA
INTRODUCTION
Elections to the Lower House or House of the People (Lok Sabha) of the Indian Parliament Party or coalition that secures majority in Lok Sabha forms Government at the Centre.

When Elections Take Place
Every five years, unless House is dissolved earlier Called earlier by the President upon dissolution of Lok Sabha, if Government loses confidence of majority of members and if there is no alternative Government to take over 2014 Elections shall be the 16th ; the 1st General Election was in 1951 - 1952.

ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA
Independent constitutional authority For holding regular, free and fair elections Three member body Headquartered at New Delhi with organs at state and district levels

ELECTORS
Population

Who can vote Electors Enrolled Electors Voters
Any Indian citizen over the age of 18 on 1st January of the year and who is ordinarily resident in the constituency concerned Based on universal adult suffrage Eligible elector to register in respective constituency Indian citizens living abroad also can be enrolled at the address given in their passports

KEY STAKEHOLDERS

POLITICAL PARTIES
Conduct of elections largely dependent on their behaviour Should be registered with ECI

CANDIDATES
Contestants in the 2009 General Elections

Who can contest
Any Indian citizen who is registered as a voter & is over 25 years of age May be either belonging to a party or independent Every candidate is required to make a security deposit Deposit is Rs. 25,000/- for General Candidates, Rs. 12,500/- for SCs and STs Candidates to file affidavit about their assets, liabilities, criminal background and educational qualifications.

7

Political Parties that participated in the 2009 General Elections 34
National Parties

1623
State Parties
322

3829

759 1859

Members of National Parties Members of State Parties Members of Registered Unrecognized Parties Independents

Registered (Unrecognised) Parties

THE ELECTORAL PROCESS
Division into Parliamentary Constituencies

First-past-the-post Electoral System
Each elector can vote for one candidate Candidate with maximum votes wins

BETWEEN CONTESTANTS & ELECTORS
Manifestos
Issued by parties and candidates on the eve of election Detail programmes they wish to implement if elected, highlighting one’s own strengths and failures of opponents

DECIDING THE BATTLEFIELDS

Whole of India divided into 543 constituencies. Based on number of seats allocated to each of the 28 states and 7 union territories on the basis of their population. Size and shape determined by Delimitation Commission of India. One member elected to Lok Sabha from each constituency, filling 543 of 545 seats. Two members nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community.
79 41 423

Scheduling the Elections
Done by Election Commission of India Considering weather, festivals, school exams, etc. Seeking to maximize electoral participation Generally held in phases to ensure effective security arrangements for peaceful poll

Election Symbols
An election symbol is allotted to each candidate and to each political party Enable illiterate voters to identify the party and candidate they wish to vote for Candidates of recognized parties are allotted the party symbol

Reserved for SC Reserved for ST General

ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION
Electoral Rolls
Lists of registered electors in each constituency Revised annually All rolls computerized & include photos of each elector.

REGULATORY MECHANISMS
SVEEP Supervising Elections
Done by Observers appointed by ECI In order to: Ensure fair conduct of campaigns Ensure free and ethical voting Keep a check on election expenditure Types of Observers: General Observers Police Observers Expenditure Observers Awareness Observers Micro Observers

EPIC

Electors’ Photo Identity Card Provided upon registration to each individual elector Provided free of cost

 Systematic Voter Education and Electoral Participation  To improve electoral participation & to build up a culture of participative democracy  Integral part of election management in India

Model Code of Conduct
For political parties and contestants Broad guidelines on conduct during campaign Evolved by ECI on the basis of consensus among political parties To maintain campaign on healthy lines & to ensure a level playing field

WHAT’S NEW
None of the Above (NOTA)
Introduced in 2013 in State Assembly Elections Shall be the last button on the EVM Voter can press this button if he/she does not wish to vote for any of the candidates

Limit on Poll Expenses
Tight legal limits on poll expenditure by candidates Varies between Rs.54 lakhs and Rs.70 lakhs

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)
Prints a ballot slip showing the name and symbol of candidate to whom vote has been given To improve voter satisfaction

POLLING MANAGEMENT
Proxy Voting Electronic Voting Machines
Voting by secret ballot Used exclusively since 2004 General Elections  Option to vote through proxy or through postal ballot is available to service voters belonging to the Armed Forces or to members belonging to a force to which the Army Act applies

Timeline of Poll Events

Indelible Ink

Polling Stations
Usually set up in public institutions Within 2 km of every voter No polling station to deal with more than 1,500 voters • • •

Applied to voter’s left fore-finger before permitting him/her to vote Used to control fake voting Dries up in 60 seconds and remains for a few months Cannot be removed by chemicals, detergents or oil

Counting of Votes Postal Ballot
 Certain sections of voters entitled to vote by post  Includes those on election duty, service voters & certain others Done after completion of all phases of polling Under the supervision of Returning Officers and Election Observers Counting for all 543 constituencies done on a single day Results declared within a few hours

INTERESTING FACTS OF GENERAL ELECTIONS 2009
Highest Polling station: Auleyphu in Leh (15,300 m) Maximum number of votes polled by a candidate: 8,32,224 Minimum number of votes polled by a candidate: 118 Maximum number of candidates in a constituency: 43 Minimum number of candidates in a constituency: 3 Maximum voter turnout in a constituency: 90.32% Minimum voter turnout in a constituency: 25.55% Largest constituency (by area): Ladakh (J&K) – 1,73,266.37 sq. km Smallest constituency (by area):Chandni Chowk (Delhi) - 10.59 sq. km Largest constituency (by size of electorate): Outer Delhi (NCT of Delhi) 31,03,525 electors Smallest constituency (by size of electorate):Lakshadweep - 37,619 electors A polling station was set up in Junagadh district in Gir Forests of Gujarat for just one elector.
RM

WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRATIC EXERCISE
2009 ELECTIONS 8,070 Candidates 363 Registered Political Parties 10 Million Personnel on poll duty (including police personnel) 834,919 Polling Stations 717 Million Registered Electors 2,046 Observers 1,39,284 Micro Observers 46,90,575 Polling Staff 2014 ELECTIONS 9,19,452 Polling Stations Nine Poll days
EVMs: 9,08,643 control units

11,83,543 ballot units 74,729 Videographers 40,599 Digital Cameras Election Expenditure by Central Government - 8,466 million rupees 1080 Counting Centres Five Phases Spread over one month 814 Million Registered Electors EVMs: 17,20,080 control units 18,78,306 ballot units
* Source : Election Commission of India

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful