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MATH 104 MIDTERM REVIEW

The midterm will cover the material in your course notes up through the section on sequences. The material on series will not be covered in the midterm. The midterm will consist of 3 or4 problems, drawn from the list below. In the actual test I may make slight variations to the problems, so please do not simply memorize the proofs, but rather try to understand them as well. 1. sample questions (1) All of your homework problems from HWs 1 6. (2) Know all of the denitions from the my course notes. I may ask you to dene things on the test. (3) Dene what it means for a set S to have the least upper bound property and analogously the greatest lower bound property. Prove that if a set S has the least upper bound property, then it also has the greatest lower bound property. (4) Let (X, d) be a metric space and let {G } be a family of open sets. Prove that G :=

is an open set. (5) Let (X, d) be a metric space and let {Fn }N n=1 be a nite collection of closed sets. Prove that F :=

is a closed set. (6) Let (X, d) be a metric space and suppose E X . Prove that if p is a limit point of E , then every neighborhood of p contains innitely many points in E. (7) Let (X, d) be a metric space and let K X be compact set. Suppose that F K is a closed set. Prove that F is also compact. (8) Let (X, d) be a metric space and suppose that {Kn } n=1 is a family of nonempty compact subsets that are nested, i.e., Kn+1 Kn for all n N. Prove that

K :=
n=1

Kn

is nonempty. (9) Let {an } R be a convergent sequence of real numbers. Prove that the set {an } is bounded. (10) Prove that the limit of a convergent sequence is unique. (11) Prove the following statement without appealing to compactness: Let {an } [0, 1] be a sequence, i.e., 0 an 1 for all n. Prove that {an } has a subsequence that is Cauchy.
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MATH 104 MIDTERM REVIEW 1 (Hint: Write [0, 1] = [0, 1 2 ][ 2 , 1]. Then at least one of these half-intervals has innitely many of the an , (why?) Call this subinterval I1 . What do you know about the distances between all of the an s in I1 ? Repeat the previous step and obtain I2 . Continuing in this fashion you should be able to get the Cauchy subsequence. ) (12) Prove that monotonic sequences converge if and only if they are bounded. (13) Know about some special examples of sequences that I went over in class. (under more examples on pg. 6 of sequences section in my class notes).