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# 2.

Inequalities
1) Is the sum of p2 and q2 greater than 1? (1) p is greater than 1/2. (2) q is greater than 1/2. 2) Is x^4 + y^4 > ^4? (1) x^2 + y^2 > ^2 (2) x+y > !) Is x"y/x+y > 1? 1) x > # 2) y \$ # 4) Is sqrt((x"!)^2) % ! " x? 1) x is not equa& to ! 2) "x'x' > # () Is x+y > 1? 1) x \$ )/* 2) y \$ 1/) +) If "2x>!y, is x negati-e? (1) y># (2) 2x+(y"2#%# .) Is 'x" '%' "y'???? 1. x%y 2.'x'" %'y'" )) /re x and y 0oth positi-e? 1) 2x " 2y % 1 2) x/y > 1 *) Is 'x"y' > 'x'"'y' 1) 1 \$ 2 2) 21 \$ #

1#) 3enry pur4hased ! items during a sa&e. 3e re4ei-ed a 2# per4ent dis4ount of the regu&ar pri4e of the most expensi-e item and a 1# per4ent dis4ount off the regu&ar pri4e of the other 2 items. 5as the tota& amount of the ! dis4ounts greater than 1( per4ent of the sum of regu&ar pri4es of the ! items? 1) 6he regu&ar pri4e of the most expensi-e item 7as 8(#, and the regu&ar pri4e of the next most expensi-e item 7as 82#. 2) 6he regu&ar pri4e of the &east expensi-e item 7as 81( 11) if x 9 "y, is (x"y)/(x+y) > 1? 1) x> # 2) y\$# 12) / 4ertain :ar 4ontains on&y ;0; 0&a4< mar0&es, ;7; 7hite mar0&es and ;r; red mar0&es. If one mar0&e is to 0e 4hosen at random from the :ar, is the pro0a0i&ity that the mar0&e 4hosen is red greater than the pro0a0i&ity that the mar0&e 4hosen 7i&& 0e 7hite? 1) r/(0+7) > 7/(0+r) 2) 0 " 7 > r 1!) /re x and y 0oth positi-e? 1) 2x " 2y % 1 2) x/y > 1 14) I= 5 + 2 \$#, I> 5 "1 >#? (1) 2 + 1 \$# (2) 1\$2\$5 1() If y \$ xy \$ #, is 'x" ' + 'x' % ' '? 1) \$ x 2) y > # 1+) If y is greater than or equa& to #, 7hat is the -a&ue of x? 1. 'x"!' is greater than or equa& to y 2. 'x"!' is &ess than or equa& to "y (note, this one is negati-e y?) 1.) /t a 4ertain store, ea4h notepad 4osts x do&&ars and ea4h mar<er 4osts y do&&ars. If 81# is enough to 0uy ( notepads and ! mar<ers, is 81# enough to 0uy 4 notepads and 4 mar<ers instead?

@a4h notepad 4osts &ess than 81 81# is enough to 0uy 11 notepads 1)) If m-\$p-\$#, is ->#? (1) m\$p (2) m\$# 1*) Is mod x % y " 1) x + y % 2) x \$ # 2#) /re x and y 0oth positi-e? 1) 2x " 2y % 1 2) x/y > 1 21) If x"y > 1#, is x"y > x+y ? 1) x % ) 2) y % "2#

## 22) Is xy > 0 ? (1) x - y > -2 (2) x - 2y < -6

2!) Is 5 greater than 1? 1) 7+2># 2) 7^2>1 24) If x does not equa& "y, is (x"y)/(x+y) > 1? 1. x># 2. y># 2() Is (m + ) > #? 1) m " ! > # 2) 4 " m > #

2+) If m-\$p-\$#, is ->#? (1) m\$p (2) m\$# 2.) >ix 4ountries in a 4ertain region sent a tota& of .( representati-es to an internationa& 4ongress, and no t7o 4ountries sent the same num0er of representati-es. Af the six 4ountries, if Bountry / sent the se4ond greatest num0er of representati-es, did Bountry / send at &east 1# representati-es? (1) Ane of the six 4ountries sent 41 representati-es to the 4ongress (2) Bountry / sent fe7er than 12 representati-es to the 4ongress 2)) >tore > so&d a tota& of *# 4opies of a 4ertain 0oo< during the se-en days of &ast 7ee<, and it so&d different num0ers of 4opies on any t7o of the days. If for the se-en days >tore > so&d the greatest num0er of 4opies on >aturday and the se4ond greatest num0er of 4opies on =riday, did >tore > se&& more than 11 4opies on =riday? (1) Cast 7ee< >tore > so&d ) 4opies of the 0oo< on 6hursday. (2) Cast 7ee< >tore > so&d !) 4opies of the 0oo< on >aturday. 2*) Is the sum of p2 and q2 greater than 1? (1) p is greater than 1/2. (2) q is greater than 1/2. !#) Is x^4 + y^4 > ^4? (1) x^2 + y^2 > ^2 (2) x+y > !1) Is x"y/x+y > 1? 1) x > # 2) y \$ # !2) If y \$ xy \$ #, is mod (x" ) + mod (x) % mod ( ) a) \$ x 0) y > # !!) Is sqrt((x"!)^2) % ! " x?

1) x is not equa& to ! 2) "x'x' > # !4) Is x+y > 1? 1) x \$ )/* 2) y \$ 1/) !() If 2 D "1, Is (2"1)/(2+1) > 1 (1) 2 > # (2) 1 \$ # !+) 5hi4h of the fo&&o7ing inequa&ities has a so&ution set that, 7hen graphed on the num0er &ine, is a sing&e &ine segment of finite &ength. a) 2^4 E 1 0) 2^! F 2. 4) 2^2 E 1+ d) 2 F 'x' F ( e) 2 F !x + 4 F + !.) Is 1/p > r/ (r^2 + 2)? 1) p % r 2) r># !)) If "2x > !y, is x negati-e (1) y># (2) 2x+(y"2#%# !*) Is x^4 + y^4 > G^4 ? (1) x^2 + y^2 > ^2 (2) x + y > 4#) Is 21 > #? (1) 2 " 1 > "2 (2) 2 " 21 \$ "+ / " >tatement 1 a&one is suffi4ient, 2 is not H " >tatement 2 a&one is suffi4ient, 1 is not B " Hoth statements together are suffi4ient, 0ut neither a&one is

I " Hoth statements a&one are suffi4ient @ " Jeither statement is suffi4ient 41) If m># and n>#, is (m+x)/(n+x) > m/n? 1) m\$n 2) x># 42) Is 2x"!y \$ x^2? (1) 2x"!y % "2 (2) x>2 and y># 4!) If 7 + x \$ #, is 7 " y > # ? 1) x + y \$ # 2) y \$ x \$ 7 44) If < is not equa& to #,1 or "1, is 1/< > #? 1) 1/(<"1) > # 2) 1/(<+1) > #

## 46) If m>0 and n>0, is (m+x)/(n+x) > m/n ? 1) m<n 2) x>0

4.) If "2x>!y, is x negati-e? (1) y># (2) 2x+(y"2#%# 4)) /re positi-e integers K and L 0oth greater than J?

(1) K"L is greater than J (2) L>K 4*) If x > y^2 > ^4 , 7hi4h of the fo&&o7ing 4ou&d 0e true y^2 % y to po7er 2 ^4 % to po7er 4 1. x > y > 2. > y > x !. x > > y a) 1 on&y 0) 1 M 2 4) 1 M ! d) 2 M ! e) 1,2 M ! (#) if x 9 "y, is (x"y)/(x+y) > 1? 1) x> # 2) y\$# (1) If #\$r\$1 and 1\$s\$2 7hi4h NO>6 0e &ess than 1? 1) P/> 2) P> !) >"P (2) 6his pro0 essentia&&y said that if P is the range of height in group / and Q is the max height in group /. /nd if > is the range of height in group H and 3 is the max height in group H. 5ou&d the shortest person in group / 0e ta&&er than the shortest person in group H. 1) P\$> 2) Q>3 (!) If x and y are integers and x>#, is y>#? 1) .x"2y># 2) "y\$x (4) /re x and y 0oth positi-e? 1) 2x " 2y % 1

2) x/y > 1 (() If y \$ xy \$ #, is 'x" ' + 'x' % ' '? 1) \$ x 2) y > # (+) If x"y > 1#, is x"y > x+ y? 1) x % ) 2) y % "2# (.) If y is greater than or equa& to #, 7hat is the -a&ue of x? 1. 'x"!' is greater than or equa& to y 2. 'x"!' is &ess than or equa& to "y (note, this one is negati-e y?) ()) Is 21>#? (1) 2"1 > "2 (2) 2"2y > "+ (*) If m-\$p-\$#, is ->#? (1) m\$p (2) m\$# +#) is (x+1)/(x"!) \$ #? 1) "1 \$ x \$ 1 2) x^2 " 4 \$ # +1) LuestionR Is x &ess than 2#? (>t 1)R 6he sum of x and y is &ess than 2#. (>t 2)R y is &ess than 2#.