You are on page 1of 6

3.

Ratio, proportion, FDP


1) Each employee of Company Z is an employee of either Division X or Division Y, but not both. If each division has some part time employees, is the ratio of the number of full time employees to the number of part time employees !reater for Div X than for Company Z" #1) $he ratio of the number of full time employees to the number of part time employees is less for Div Y than for Company Z. #%) &ore than half of the full time employees of Company Z are employees of Div X, and more than half of the part time employees of Company Z are employees of Div Y %) $he number of stamps that 'aye and (lberto had )ere in the ratio of *+, respectively. (fter 'aye !ave (lberto 1- of her stamps, the ratio of the number 'aye had to the number (lberto had )as .+*. (s a result of this !ift, 'aye had ho) many more stamps than (lberto" () %b) ,c) /d) 0e) 1,) ( sum of 2%----- from a certain estate )as divided amon! a spouse and three children. 3o) much of the estate did the youn!est child receive " 1) $he spouse received 14% of the sum from the estate, and the oldest received 14/ of the remainder. %) Each of the t)o youn!er received 1%*-- more than the oldest child and 0%*-- less than the spouse. /) $his year 3enry )ill save a certain amount of his income, and he )ill spend the rest. 5e6t year 3enry )ill have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he )ill have 1 7 r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, )hat fraction of his income should 3enry save this year so that ne6t year the amount he has available to spend )ill be e8ual to half the amount that he spends this year" a) 14#r7%) b) 14#%r7s) c) 14#,r7%) d) 14#r7,) e) 14#%r7,)

*) %--1, the closin! price of stoc9 ( and stoc9 : are the same. %--%, the closin! price of t)o stoc9s both increased and price of ( increased more than price of :. :y )hat percent )as the price increase of stoc9 ( !reater than the price increase of stoc9 :" #1) %--%, the closin! price of stoc9 ( is ;< !reater than the closin! price of stoc9 :. #%) $he closin! price of stoc9 ( is increased by 1*< from %--1 to %--%. 0) I came across the follo)in! problem in a =&($ >rep e6am but still cannot seem to !et the correct ans)er. Does anyone 9no) the correct approach to solve this problem" $hree !rades of mil9 are 1 percent, % percent and , percent fat by volume. If 6 !allons of the 1 percent !rade, y !allons of the % percent !rade, and ? !allons of the , percent !rade are mi6ed to !ive 67y7? !allons of a 1.* percent !rade, )hat is 6 in terms of y and ?" a. y 7 ,? b. #y 7?) 4 / c. %y 7 ,? d. ,y 7 ? e. ,y 7 /.*? .) @hat is the number of female employees in Company X " #1) If Company X )ere to hire 1/ more people and all of these people )ere females, the ratio of the number of male employees to the number of female employees )ould then be 10 to 1. #%) Company X has 1-* more male employees than female employees. #() Atatement #1) (BC5E is sufficient, but statement #%) alone is not sufficient. #:) Atatement #%) (BC5E is sufficient, but statement #1) alone is not sufficient. #C) :C$3 statements $C=E$3ED are sufficient, but 5EI$3ED statement (BC5E is sufficient. #D) E(C3 Atatement (BC5E is sufficient. #E) Atatements #1) and #%) $C=E$3ED are 5C$ sufficient. ;) $he ratio of the amount of (le6Es fuel oil bill for the month of February to the amount of his fuel oil bill for the month of Ganuary )as ,4%. If the fuel oil bill for February had been 2/- more, the correspondin! ratio )ould have been *4,. 3o) much )as (le6Es fuel oil bill for Ganuary" 1) &ali9Hs recipe for / servin!s of a certain dish re8uires ,4% cups of pasta. (ccordin! to this recipe, )hat is the number of the cups of pasta that &ali9 )ill use the ne6t time he prepares this dish" #1) $he ne6t time he prepares this dish, &ali9 )ill ma9e half as many servin!s as he did the last time he prepared the dish. #%)&ali9 used 0 cups of pasta the last time he prepared this dish.

1-) ( sum of 2%----- from a certain estate )as divided amon! a spouse and three children. 3o) much of the estate did the youn!est child receive " 1) $he spouse received 14% of the sum from the estate, and the oldest received 14/ of the remainder. %) Each of the t)o youn!er received 1%*-- more than the oldest child and 0%*-- less than the spouse. 11) $his year 3enry )ill save a certain amount of his income, and he )ill spend the rest. 5e6t year 3enry )ill have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he )ill have 1 7 r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, )hat fraction of his income should 3enry save this year so that ne6t year the amount he has available to spend )ill be e8ual to half the amount that he spends this year" a) 14#r7%) b) 14#%r7s) c) 14#,r7%) d) 14#r7,) e) 14#%r7,) 1%) Cf the 0- animals on a certain farm, %4, are either co)s or pi!s. 3o) many of the animals are co)s" 1) $he farm has more than t)ice as many co)s as pi!s %) $he farm has more than 1% pi!s 1,) If m, r, 6, and y are positive, is the ratio of m to r e8ual to the ratio of 6 to y" #1) $he ratio of m to y is e8ual to the ratio of 6 to r #%) $he ratio of m 7 6 to r 7 y is e8ual to the ratio of 6 to y 1/) (ll the clients that Company X had at the be!innin! of last year remained )ith the company for the )hole year. If Company X ac8uired ne) clients durin! the year, )hat )as the ratio of the number of clients that Company X had at the end of last year to the number of clients that it had at the be!innin! of last year" 1. $he ratio of the number of clients that Company X had at the be!innin! of last year to the number of ne) clients that it ac8uired durin! the year )as 1% to 1. %. Company X had 1// clients at the be!innin! of last year. 1*) (BICEEA $('E 3C&E >(Y B(A$ YE(D @(A $3E A(&E E(C3 &C5$3, (5D A3E A(IED $3E A(&E FD(C$IC5 CF 3ED $('E 3C&E >(Y E(C3 &C5$3. $3E $C$(B (&CJ5$ CF &C5EY $3($ A3E 3(D A(IED ($ $3E E5D CF $3E YE(D

@(A , $I&EA $3E (&CJ5$ CF $3($ >CD$IC5 CF 3ED &C5$3BY $('E 3C&E >(Y $3($ A3E DID 5C$ A(IE. IF (BB $3E &C5EY A3E A(IED B(A$ YE(D @(A 3ED $('E 3C&E >(Y, @3($ FD(C$IC5 CF 3ED $('E 3C&E >(Y DID A3E A(IE E(C3 &C5$3" 10) In a sample of colle!e students, /- percent are third year students and .- percent are not second year students. @hat fraction of those students )ho are not third year students are second year students" #() /, #:) ,% #C) ./ #D) %1 #E) ., 1.) Aome of the students enrolled at colle!e $ are part time students and the rest are full time. :y )hat percent did the number of full time students enrolled at colle!e $ increase from fall of 1111 to the fall of %---" 1) $here )ere *- more full time students enrolled at colle!e $ in the fall of %--- than in the fall of 1111. %) $he total number of students enrolled at colle!e $ increased by * percent from the fall of 1111 to the fall of %---. 1;) 3o) many of the /% people in the !roup are employed students" 1. %1 of the /% people are employed. %. %/ of the /% people are students. 11) Cver a certain time period, did the number of shares of stoc9 in DuthEs portfolio increase" 1) Cver the time period, the ratio of the number of shares of stoc9 to the total number of shares of stoc9s and bonds in DuthEs portfolio increased. %) Cver the time period, the total number of shares of stoc9 and bonds in DuthEs portfolio increased ( : C D E %-) $)o Kars that are both half full of li8uid are poured into an empty buc9et. If the buc9et has three times the capacity of each Kar, )hat portion of the buc9et is no) full" %1) CF $3E ;-- E&>BCYEEA CF CC&>(5Y X, .-< 3(IE :EE5 @I$3 $3E CC. FCD ($ BE(A$ 1- YE(DA. IF Y CF $3EAE BC5= $ED& &E&:EDA @EDE $C DE$IDE

(5D 5C C$3ED E&>BCYEE C3(5=EA @EDE $C CCCJD , @3($ I(BJE CF Y @CJBD DEDJCE $3E >EDCE5$ CF BC5= $ED& E&>BCYEEA I5 $3E CC. $C 0-<" %%) I donEt !et )hat 9 #proportionality constant) is. Do )e ever have to solve for 9, or Kust for the ratio of y1461 to y%46% and y161 to y%6%" I do not understand )hat 9 is )hen loo9in! at a problem. I !et that in direct proportionality y46L9, and in inverse y6L9, but it a vic problem, i donEt understand )hat it is. For instance, in the e6ample !iven in =uide ,, Chapter *, p! .*, yL ma6 hei!ht in feet. 6L velocity s8uared. they are directly proportional, so 9 L ma6 hei!ht ft #y) 4 v s8uared #6), )hich is )hat e6actly" 9 is not the time is it" %,) %--1, the closin! price of stoc9 ( and stoc9 : are the same. %--%, the closin! price of t)o stoc9s both increased and price of ( increased more than price of :. :y )hat percent )as the price increase of stoc9 ( !reater than the price increase of stoc9 :" #1) %--%, the closin! price of stoc9 ( is ;< !reater than the closin! price of stoc9 :. #%) $he closin! price of stoc9 ( is increased by 1*< from %--1 to %--%. %/) in 111* Division ( of Company X had /;*- customers. If there )ere ;0 service errors in Division ( that year, )hat )as the service error rate, in number of service errors per 1-customers, for Division : of Company X in 111*" 1. In 111* the overall service error rate for Divisions ( and : combined )as 1.* service errors per 1-- customers. %. In 111*, Division : had 1,*- customers, none of )hich )ere customers of Division (. %*) Cf the ;-- employees of Company X, .- percent have been )ith the company for at least ten years. If y of these Mlon! termM members )ere to retire and no other employee chan!es )ere to occur, )hat value of y )ould reduce the percent of Mlon! termM employees in the company to 0- percent" (. %-:. 10C. 11% D. ;E. *0 %0) Binda, Dobert and >at pac9ed a certain number of bo6es )ith boo9s. @hat is the ration of the number of bo6es of boo9s that Dobert pac9ed to the number of bo6es of boo9s that >(t pac9ed"

1 Binda pac9ed ,-< of all the bo6es % Dobert pac9ed 1- bo6es more than >at.