You are on page 1of 15

# 3.

## Rate and work

1) A company has two types of machines, type R and type S. Operating as a constant rate, a machine R does a certain job in 36 hours and a machine of type S does the same job in 1 hours. !f the company used the same number of machines to do the job in " hours, how many machines of type R were used# A. 3 \$. % &. 6 '. ( ). 1" ") *Si+ machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, together can comp-ete a certain job in 1" days. .ow many additiona- machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, wi-- be needed to comp-ete the job in days#* A) " \$) 3 &) % ') 6 )) / 3) 0achine 1 and 2 wor, at their respecti3e constant rates. .ow many more hours does it ta,e 0achine 2, wor,ing a-one, to fi-- a production order of a certain si4e than it ta,es 0achine 1, wor,ing a-one# 1. 0achine 1 and 2, wor,ing together, fi-- a production order of this si4e in two thirds the time that 0achine 1 does. ". 0achine 2, wor,ing a-one, fi--s a production order of this si4e in twice the time that 0achine 1, wor,ing a-one, does. %) Running at their respecti3e constant rates, 0achine 1 ta,es " days -onger to produce w widgets than 0achine 2. At these rates, if two machines together produce 56%w widgets in 3 days, how many days wou-d it ta,e 0achine 1 a-one to produce "w widgets# A) % \$) 6 &) ') 17 )) 1" 5) 0achines 1 and 2 produced identica- bott-es at different constant rates. 0achine 1, operating a-one for % hours, fi--ed part of a production -ot8 then machine 2, operating a-one for 3 hours, fi--ed the rest of this -ot. .ow many hours wou-d it ha3e ta,en machine

1 operating a-one to fi-- the entire production -ot# 91) 0achine 1 produced 37 bott-es per minute. 9") 0achine 1 produced twice as many bott-es in % hours as machine 2 produced in 3 hours. 6) A company has two types of machines, type R and type S. Operating as a constant rate, a machine R does a certain job in 36 hours and a machine of type S does the same job in 1 hours. !f the company used the same number of machines to do the job in " hours, how many machines of type R were used# A. 3 \$. % &. 6 '. ( ). 1" /) :or,ing, independent-y 1 ta,es 1" hours to finish a certain wor,. he finishes "63 of the wor, . ;he rest of the wor, is finished by 2 whose rate is 1617 th of 1. !n how much time does 2 finsh his wor,# ) Running at their respecti3e constant rates, machine 1 ta,es " days -onger to produce w widgets than machine 2. At these rates, if the two machines together produce 56% w widgets in 3 days, how many days wou-d it ta,e machine 1 a-one to produce "w widgets# A. % \$. 6 &. '. 17 ). 1" () 3.:or,ing together, printer A and printer \$ wou-d finish the tas, in "% minutes. <rinter A a-one wou-d finish the tas, in 67 minutes. .ow many pages does the tas, contain if printer \$ prints 5 pages a minute more than printer A # 1=677 "= 77 3=1777 %=1"77 5=1577 17) "5 men reap a fie-d in "7 days . when shou-d 15 men -ea3e the wor,.if the who-e fie-d is to be reaped in 3/>16" days after they -ea3e the wor,# A 5 days \$ 17 days

11) Read the ?uestion from the diagram abo3e and & / days ' />16" days 1") when a certain tree was first p-anted, it was % feet ta--, and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the ne+t 6 years. At the end of the 6th year, the tree was 165 ta--er than it was at the end of the %th year. \$y how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year# 3617 "65 16" "63 665 13) !f @im earns + do--ars per hour, it wi-- ta,e him % hours to earn e+act-y enough money to purchase a particu-ar jac,et. !f ;om earns y do--ars per hour, it wi-- ta,e him e+act-y 5 hours to earn enough money to purchase the same jac,et. .ow much does the jac,et cost# 91) ;om ma,es "7A -ess per hour than @im does. 9") + B y C D%3./5 1%) A poo- can be fi--ed in % hours and drained in 5 hours. ;he 3a-3e that fi--s the poo- was opened at 1=77 pm and some time -ater the drain that empties the poo- was a-so opened. !f the poo- was fi--ed by 11=77 pm and not ear-ier, when was the drain opened# E at "=77 pm E at "=37 pm E at 3=77 pm E at 3=37 pm E at %=77 pm 15) :ith both 3a-3es open, the poo- wi-- be fi--ed with water in % minutes. ;he first 3a-3e a-one wou-d fi-- the poo- in " hours. :hat is the capacity of the poo- if e3ery minute the second 3a-3e admits 57 cubic meters of water more than the first# E (777 cubic meters E 17577 cubic meters E 11/57 cubic meters E 1"777 cubic meters E 1"577 cubic meters 16) !t ta,es printer A % more minutes than printer \$ to print %7 pages. :or,ing together, the two printers can print 57 pages in 6 minutes. .ow -ong wi-- it ta,e printer A to print 7 pages# E 1"

E1 E "7 E "% E 37 1/) 6 machines each wor,ing at the same constant rate together can comp-ete a job in 1" days. .ow many additiona- machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, wi-- be needed to comp-ete the job in days# 1 ) At their respecti3e rates, pump A, \$, and & can fu-fi-- an empty tan,, or pump>out the fu-tan, in ", 3, and 6 hours. !f A and \$ are used to pump>out water from the ha-f>fu-- tan,, whi-e & is used to fi-- water into the tan,, in how many hours, the tan, wi-- be empty# A. "63 \$. 1 &. 36% '. 36" ). " 1() :or,ing together at their respecti3e rates, machine A, \$, and & can finish a certain wor, in 63 hours. .ow many hours wi-- it ta,e A to finish the wor, independent-y# 91) :or,ing together, A and \$ can finish the wor, in % hours. 9") :or,ing together, \$ and & can finish the wor, in % 6/ hours. "7) @ohn can comp-ete a gi3en tas, in "7 days. @ane wi-- ta,e on-y 1" days to comp-ete the same tas,. @ohn and @ane set out to comp-ete the tas, by beginning to wor, together. .owe3er, @ane was indisposed % days before the wor, got o3er. !n how many days did the wor, get o3er from the time @ohn and @ane started to wor, on it together# "1) wor,ing together at their constant rates , A and \$ can fi-- an empty tan, to capacity in16" hr.what is the constant rate of pump \$# 1) AFs constant rate is "5G;S 6 min ") the tan,s capacity is 1"77 -ts. "") Gindsay can paint 16+ of a certain room in "7 minutes. :hat fraction of the same room can @oseph paint in "7 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, wor,ing together at their respecti3e rates# 163+ 3+6+>3 +>363+ +6+>3 +>36+ "3) 0achines 1 and 2 run at different constant rates, and machine 1 can comp-ete a certain job in ( hours. 0achine 1 wor,ed on the job a-one for the first 3 hours and the two machines, wor,ing together, then comp-eted the job in % more hours. .ow many hours

wou-d it ha3e ta,en machine 2, wor,ing a-one, to comp-ete the entire job# 1 13B16" /B165 %B16" 3B"63 "%) Si+ machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, together can comp-ete a certain job in 1" days. .ow many additiona- machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, wi-- be needed to comp-ete the job in days# A) " \$) 3 &) % ') 6 )) "5) 0achince A and \$ are each used to manufacture 667 sproc,ets. !t ta,es A 17 hours -onger to produce 667 sproc,ets than machine \$. \$ produces 17 percent more sproc,ets per hour than A. .ow many sproc,ets per hours does machine A produce# A. 6 \$. 6.6 &. 67 '. 177 ) 117 "6) A company has two types of machines, type R and type S. Operating at a constant rate, a machine of type R does a certain job in 36 hours and a machine of type S does the same job in 1 hours. !f the company used the same number of each type of machine to do the job in " hours, how many machines of type R were used# a) 3 b) % c) 6 d) ( e) 1" "/) One hour after 2o-anda started wa-,ing from 1 to 2, a distance of %5 mii-es, \$ob started wa-,ing a-ong the same road from 2 to 1. !f 2o-andaFs wa-,ing rate was 3 mi-es 6hour and \$obFs was % mi-es 6 hour, how many mi-es had \$ab wa-,ed when they met# "%

"3 "" "1 1(.5 " ) :or,ing a-one at its own constant rate, a machine sea-s , cartons in hours, and wor,ing a-one at its own constant rate, a second machine sea-s , cartons in % hours. !f the two machines, each wor,ing at its own constant rate and for the same period of time, together sea-ed a certain number of cartons, what percent of the cartons were sea-ed by the machine wor,ing at the faster rate# "5A 33 163A 57A 66 "63A /5A "() 0ichea- and Adam can do together a piece of wor, in "7 days. After they ha3e wor,ed together for 1" days 0ichea- stops and Adam comp-etes the remaining wor, in 17 days. !n how many days 0ichea- comp-ete the wor, separate-y. 7 days 177 days 1"7 days 117 days (7 days 37) 0att and <eter can do together a piece of wor, in "7 days. After they ha3e wor,ed together for 1" days 0att stops and <eter comp-etes the remaining wor, in 17 days. !n how many days <eter comp-ete the wor, separate-y. "6days "/days "3days "5days "% days 31) A certain car a3erages "5 mi-es per ga--on of gaso-ine when dri3en in the city and %7 mi-es per ga--on when dri3en on the highway. According to these rates, which of the fo--owing is c-osest to the number of mi-es per ga--on that the car a3erages when it is dri3en 17 mi-es in the city and then 57 mi-es on the highway# " 37 33 36 3 3") :or,ing together, @ohn and @ac, can type "7 pages in one hour. ;hey wi-- be ab-e to type "" pages in one hour if @ac, increases his typing speed by "5A. :hat is the ratio of

@ac,Fs norma- typing speed to that of @ohn# 163 "65 16" "63 365 33) ;om, wor,ing a-one, can paint a room in 6 hours. <eter and @ohn, wor,ing independent-y, can paint the same room in 3 hours and " hours, respecti3e-y. ;om starts painting the room and wor,s on his own for one hour. .e is then joined by <eter and they wor, together for an hour. Hina--y, @ohn joins them and the three of them wor, together to finish the room, each one wor,ing at his respecti3e rate. :hat fraction of the who-e job was done by <eter# 3%) 0achines 1 and 2 produced identica- bott-es at different constant rates. 0achine 1, operating a-one for % hours, fi--ed part of a production -ot8 then machine 2, operating a-one for 3 hours, fi--ed the rest of this -ot. .ow many hours wou-d it ha3e ta,en machine 1 operating a-one to fi-- the entire production -ot# 91) 0achine 1 produced 37 bott-es per minute. 9") 0achine 1 produced twice as many bott-es in %hours as machine 2 produced in 3 hours. 35) One smurf and one e-f can bui-d a treehouse together in two hours, but the smurf wou-d need the he-p of two fairies in order to comp-ete the same job in the same amount of time. !f one e-f and one fairy wor,ed together, it wou-d ta,e them four hours to bui-d the treehouse. Assuming that wor, rates for smurfs, e-3es, and fairies remain constant, how many hours wou-d it ta,e one smurf, one e-f, and one fairy, wor,ing together, to bui-d the treehouse# 9A) 56/ 9\$) 1 9&) 176/ 9') 1"6/ 9)) ""6/ 36) &ompany S produces two ,inds of stereos= basic and de-u+e. Of the stereos produced by &ompany S -ast month, "63 were basic and the rest were de-u+e. !f it ta,es /65 as many hours to produce a de-u+e stereo as it does to produce a basic stereo, then the number of hours it too, to produce the de-u+e stereos -ast month was what fraction of the totanumber of hours it too, to produce a-- the stereos#

A./61/ \$.1%631 &. /615 '.1/635 ).16" 3/) :or,ing, independent-y 1 ta,es 1" hours to finish a certain wor,. he finishes "63 of the wor, . ;he rest of the wor, is finished by 2 whose rate is 1617 th of 1. !n how much time does 2 finsh his wor,# 3 ) Running at their respecti3e constant rates, machine 1 ta,es " days -onger to produce w widgets than machine 2. At these rates, if the two machines together produce 56% w widgets in 3 days, how many days wou-d it ta,e machine 1 a-one to produce "w widgets# A. % \$. 6 &. '. 17 ). 1" 3() :or,ing together, printer A and printer \$ wou-d finish the tas, in "% minutes. <rinter A a-one wou-d finish the tas, in 67 minutes. .ow many pages does the tas, contain if printer \$ prints 5 pages a minute more than printer A # 1=677 "= 77 3=1777 %=1"77 5=1577 %7) "5 men reap a fie-d in "7 days . when shou-d 15 men -ea3e the wor,.if the who-e fie-d is to be reaped in 3/>16" days after they -ea3e the wor,# A 5 days \$ 17 days %1) Read the ?uestion from the diagram abo3e and & / days ' />16" days %") when a certain tree was first p-anted, it was % feet ta--, and the height of the tree increased by a constant amount each year for the ne+t 6 years. At the end of the 6th year, the tree was 165 ta--er than it was at the end of the %th year. \$y how many feet did the height of the tree increase each year# 3617 "65

16" "63 665 %3) !f @im earns + do--ars per hour, it wi-- ta,e him % hours to earn e+act-y enough money to purchase a particu-ar jac,et. !f ;om earns y do--ars per hour, it wi-- ta,e him e+act-y 5 hours to earn enough money to purchase the same jac,et. .ow much does the jac,et cost# 91) ;om ma,es "7A -ess per hour than @im does. 9") + B y C D%3./5 %%) A poo- can be fi--ed in % hours and drained in 5 hours. ;he 3a-3e that fi--s the poo- was opened at 1=77 pm and some time -ater the drain that empties the poo- was a-so opened. !f the poo- was fi--ed by 11=77 pm and not ear-ier, when was the drain opened# E at "=77 pm E at "=37 pm E at 3=77 pm E at 3=37 pm E at %=77 pm %5) :ith both 3a-3es open, the poo- wi-- be fi--ed with water in % minutes. ;he first 3a-3e a-one wou-d fi-- the poo- in " hours. :hat is the capacity of the poo- if e3ery minute the second 3a-3e admits 57 cubic meters of water more than the first# E (777 cubic meters E 17577 cubic meters E 11/57 cubic meters E 1"777 cubic meters E 1"577 cubic meters %6) !t ta,es printer A % more minutes than printer \$ to print %7 pages. :or,ing together, the two printers can print 57 pages in 6 minutes. .ow -ong wi-- it ta,e printer A to print 7 pages# E 1" E1 E "7 E "% E 37 %/) 6 machines each wor,ing at the same constant rate together can comp-ete a job in 1" days. .ow many additiona- machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, wi-- be needed to comp-ete the job in days# % ) At their respecti3e rates, pump A, \$, and & can fu-fi-- an empty tan,, or pump>out the fu-tan, in ", 3, and 6 hours. !f A and \$ are used to pump>out water from the ha-f>fu-- tan,, whi-e & is used to fi-- water into the tan,, in how many hours, the tan, wi-- be empty# A. "63

\$. 1 &. 36% '. 36" ). " %() :or,ing together at their respecti3e rates, machine A, \$, and & can finish a certain wor, in 63 hours. .ow many hours wi-- it ta,e A to finish the wor, independent-y# 91) :or,ing together, A and \$ can finish the wor, in % hours. 9") :or,ing together, \$ and & can finish the wor, in % 6/ hours. 57) @ohn can comp-ete a gi3en tas, in "7 days. @ane wi-- ta,e on-y 1" days to comp-ete the same tas,. @ohn and @ane set out to comp-ete the tas, by beginning to wor, together. .owe3er, @ane was indisposed % days before the wor, got o3er. !n how many days did the wor, get o3er from the time @ohn and @ane started to wor, on it together# 51) wor,ing together at their constant rates , A and \$ can fi-- an empty tan, to capacity in16" hr.what is the constant rate of pump \$# 1) AFs constant rate is "5G;S 6 min ") the tan,s capacity is 1"77 -ts. 5") Gindsay can paint 16+ of a certain room in "7 minutes. :hat fraction of the same room can @oseph paint in "7 minutes if the two of them can paint the room in an hour, wor,ing together at their respecti3e rates# 163+ 3+6+>3 +>363+ +6+>3 +>36+ 53) 0achines 1 and 2 run at different constant rates, and machine 1 can comp-ete a certain job in ( hours. 0achine 1 wor,ed on the job a-one for the first 3 hours and the two machines, wor,ing together, then comp-eted the job in % more hours. .ow many hours wou-d it ha3e ta,en machine 2, wor,ing a-one, to comp-ete the entire job# 1 13B16" /B165 %B16" 3B"63 5%) Si+ machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, together can comp-ete a certain job in 1" days. .ow many additiona- machines, each wor,ing at the same constant rate, wi-- be needed to comp-ete the job in days# A) " \$) 3

&) % ') 6 )) 55) 0achince A and \$ are each used to manufacture 667 sproc,ets. !t ta,es A 17 hours -onger to produce 667 sproc,ets than machine \$. \$ produces 17 percent more sproc,ets per hour than A. .ow many sproc,ets per hours does machine A produce# A. 6 \$. 6.6 &. 67 '. 177 ) 117 56) A company has two types of machines, type R and type S. Operating at a constant rate, a machine of type R does a certain job in 36 hours and a machine of type S does the same job in 1 hours. !f the company used the same number of each type of machine to do the job in " hours, how many machines of type R were used# a) 3 b) % c) 6 d) ( e) 1" 5/) One hour after 2o-anda started wa-,ing from 1 to 2, a distance of %5 mii-es, \$ob started wa-,ing a-ong the same road from 2 to 1. !f 2o-andaFs wa-,ing rate was 3 mi-es 6hour and \$obFs was % mi-es 6 hour, how many mi-es had \$ab wa-,ed when they met# "% "3 "" "1 1(.5 5 ) :or,ing a-one at its own constant rate, a machine sea-s , cartons in hours, and wor,ing a-one at its own constant rate, a second machine sea-s , cartons in % hours. !f the two machines, each wor,ing at its own constant rate and for the same period of time, together sea-ed a certain number of cartons, what percent of the cartons were sea-ed by the machine wor,ing at the faster rate# "5A 33 163A

57A 66 "63A /5A 5() 0ichea- and Adam can do together a piece of wor, in "7 days. After they ha3e wor,ed together for 1" days 0ichea- stops and Adam comp-etes the remaining wor, in 17 days. !n how many days 0ichea- comp-ete the wor, separate-y. 7 days 177 days 1"7 days 117 days (7 days 67) 0att and <eter can do together a piece of wor, in "7 days. After they ha3e wor,ed together for 1" days 0att stops and <eter comp-etes the remaining wor, in 17 days. !n how many days <eter comp-ete the wor, separate-y. "6days "/days "3days "5days "% days 61) A certain car a3erages "5 mi-es per ga--on of gaso-ine when dri3en in the city and %7 mi-es per ga--on when dri3en on the highway. According to these rates, which of the fo--owing is c-osest to the number of mi-es per ga--on that the car a3erages when it is dri3en 17 mi-es in the city and then 57 mi-es on the highway# " 37 33 36 3 6") :or,ing together, @ohn and @ac, can type "7 pages in one hour. ;hey wi-- be ab-e to type "" pages in one hour if @ac, increases his typing speed by "5A. :hat is the ratio of @ac,Fs norma- typing speed to that of @ohn# 163 "65 16" "63 365 63) ;om, wor,ing a-one, can paint a room in 6 hours. <eter and @ohn, wor,ing independent-y, can paint the same room in 3 hours and " hours, respecti3e-y. ;om starts painting the room and wor,s on his own for one hour. .e is then joined by <eter and they wor, together for an hour. Hina--y, @ohn joins them and the three of them wor, together to finish the room, each one wor,ing at his respecti3e rate. :hat fraction of the who-e job was done by <eter#

6%) 0achines 1 and 2 produced identica- bott-es at different constant rates. 0achine 1, operating a-one for % hours, fi--ed part of a production -ot8 then machine 2, operating a-one for 3 hours, fi--ed the rest of this -ot. .ow many hours wou-d it ha3e ta,en machine 1 operating a-one to fi-- the entire production -ot# 91) 0achine 1 produced 37 bott-es per minute. 9") 0achine 1 produced twice as many bott-es in %hours as machine 2 produced in 3 hours. 65) One smurf and one e-f can bui-d a treehouse together in two hours, but the smurf wou-d need the he-p of two fairies in order to comp-ete the same job in the same amount of time. !f one e-f and one fairy wor,ed together, it wou-d ta,e them four hours to bui-d the treehouse. Assuming that wor, rates for smurfs, e-3es, and fairies remain constant, how many hours wou-d it ta,e one smurf, one e-f, and one fairy, wor,ing together, to bui-d the treehouse# 9A) 56/ 9\$) 1 9&) 176/ 9') 1"6/ 9)) ""6/ 66) &ompany S produces two ,inds of stereos= basic and de-u+e. Of the stereos produced by &ompany S -ast month, "63 were basic and the rest were de-u+e. !f it ta,es /65 as many hours to produce a de-u+e stereo as it does to produce a basic stereo, then the number of hours it too, to produce the de-u+e stereos -ast month was what fraction of the totanumber of hours it too, to produce a-- the stereos# A./61/ \$.1%631 &. /615 '.1/635 ).16" 6/) A company has two types of machines, type R and type S. Operating as a constant rate, a machine R does a certain job in 36 hours and a machine of type S does the same job in 1 hours. !f the company used the same number of machines to do the job in " hours, how many machines of type R were used# A. 3 \$. %

&. 6 '. ( ). 1" 6 ) two water pumps wor,ing simu-taneous-y at their respecti3e constant rates, too, e+act-y % hours to fi-- a certain swimming poo-. !f the constant rate of one pump was 1.5 times faster than constant rate of the other, how many hours wou-d it ha3e ta,en the faster pump to fi-- the swimming poo- if it had wor,ed a-one at its constant rate# A) 5 b) 1663 c) 116" d) 6 e) "763 6() &ircu-ar gears < and I start rotating at the same time at constant speeds. Jear < ma,es 17 re3o-utions per minute, and gear I ma,es %7 re3o-utions per minute. .ow many seconds after the gears start rotating wi-- gear I ha3e made e+act-y 6 more re3o-utions than gear <# /7) 0achine 1 and 2 wor, at their respecti3e constant rates. .ow many more hours does it ta,e 0achine 2, wor,ing a-one, to fi-- a production order of a certain si4e than it ta,es 0achine 1, wor,ing a-one# 1. 0achine 1 and 2, wor,ing together, fi-- a production order of this si4e in two thirds the time that 0achine 1 does. ". 0achine 2, wor,ing a-one, fi--s a production order of this si4e in twice the time that 0achine 1, wor,ing a-one, does. /1) Running at their respecti3e constant rates, 0achine + ta,es " days -onger to produce w widgets than 0achine 2. At these rates, if the two machines together produce 5w6% widgets in 3 days, how many days wou-d it ta,e machine 1 a-one to produce "w widgets# A)% \$)6 &) ')17 ))1" /") :hi-e wor,ing a-one at their respecti3e constant rates, computer + processes "%7 fi-es in % hours and computer 2 processes "%7 fi-es in hours. !f a-- fi-es processed by these

computers are same si4e, how -ong wou-d it ta,e the two computers, wor,ing at the same time and at their respecti3e constant rates, to process a tota- of "%7 fi-es#