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# 3.

## Rate and distance

1) At a speed of 50 miles per hour, a certain car uses 1 gallon of gasoline every 30 miles. If the car starts with a full 12 gallon ta e of gasoline and travels for 5 hours at 50 miles per hour, the amount of gasoline used would !e what fraction of a full tan " A) 3#25 \$) 11#3% &) '#12 () 2#3 )) 25#3% 2) A !oat traveled upstream a distance of *0 miles at an average speed of +v,3) miles per hour and then traveled the same distance downstream at an average speed of +v-3) miles per hour. If the trip upstream too half an hour longer than the trip downstream, how many hours did it ta e the !oat to travel downstream" A. 2.5 \$. 2./ &. 2.3 (. 2.2 ). 2.1 3) A circular 0ogging trac which forms an edge around a circular la e that has a diameter of 2 miles. 1ohn wal ed around the trac at a average rate of 3 miles per hour. If 2 represent the num!er of hour it too 1ohn to wal completely around the la e. 3hich of the following is a correct statement" a. 0.54t40.'5 !. 1.'54t42.00 c. 2.004t42.50 d. 2.'54t43.00 e. 3.004t43.50 /) If the speed of 5 meters per second is e6uivalent to the speed of y ilometers per hour, what is y in terms of 5" +1 ilometer 7 1000 meters) A. 55#18 \$. %5#5 &. 185#5 (. %05 ). 3,%00,0005 5) 9ran ie and :eorgia are driving along the same road. If 9ran ie is driving at a speed of 52 miles per hour and :eorgia

is 30 miles !ehind him, driving at a speed of 58 miles per hour, how long will it ta e !efore :eorgia catches up with 9ran ie" %) ;ow much time did it ta e a certain car to travel /00 ilometers" +1) 2he car travelled the first 200 m in 2.5 hrs. +2) If the car<s average speed had !een 20 m#h greater than it was, it would have travelled the /00 m in 1 hr less than it did. ') (id it ta e =ei more than 2 hours to wal a distance of 10 miles along a certain trail" +1 mile 7 1.% ilometers, rounded the nearest tenth.) 1) =ei wal ed this distance at an avg. rate of less than %./ ilometers per hour. 2) >n avg., it too =ei more than * minutes per ilometer to wal this distance. 8) (uring a trip on e5pressway,don drove a total of 5 miles.;is average speed on a 5 mile section is 30miles#hr and his average speed of remainder of trip was %0 miles#hr.;is travel time was what ? greater than it would have !een if he had traveled at constant rate of %0 miles #hr. *) 3hile on a straight road, car @ and car A are travelling at different constant rates. If car @ is now 1 mile ahead of car A, how many minutes from now will car @ !e 2 miles ahead of car A " +1) &ar @ is travelling at 50 miles per hour and car A is travelling at /0 miles per hour. +2) 3 minutes ago car @ was 0.5 mile ahead of car A. +A) Btatement +1) AC>D) is sufficient, !ut statement +2) alone is not sufficient. +\$) Btatement +2) AC>D) is sufficient, !ut statement +1) alone is not sufficient. +&) \$>2; statements 2>:)2;)E are sufficient, !ut D)I2;)E statement AC>D) is sufficient. +() )A&; Btatement AC>D) is sufficient. +)) Btatements +1) and +2) 2>:)2;)E are D>2 sufficient. 10) ;ow many hours did it ta e ;elen to drive from her house to her parents< house" +1) ;elen<s average speed on this trip was '2 ilometers per hour +2) If ;elen<s average speed on this trip had !een 8 ilometers per hour greater, it would have ta en her 1 hour less 11) >n her way home from wor , 0anet drives through several tool!ooths. Is there a pair of these toll!ooths that are less than 10 miles apart" 1. 2he first and the last toll!ooths are 25 miles apart.

2. 1anet drives through / toll!ooths on her way from wor . 12) If the speed of 5 meters per second is e6uivalent to the speed of y ilometers per hour, what is y in terms of 5" +1 ilometer 7 1000 meters) A. 55#18 \$. %5#5 &. 185#5 (. %05 ). 3,%00,0005 13) A circular 0ogging trac which forms an edge around a circular la e that has a diameter of 2 miles. 1ohn wal ed around the trac at a average rate of 3 miles per hour. If 2 represent the num!er of hour it too 1ohn to wal completely around the la e. 3hich of the following is a correct statement" a. 0.54t40.'5 !. 1.'54t42.00 c. 2.004t42.50 d. 2.'54t43.00 e. 3.004t43.50 1/) A certain car averages 25 miles per gallon when driving in the city and /0 miles to the gallon when driving on the highway. According to these rates, which of the following is closest to the num!er of miles per gallon that the car averages when it is driven 10 miles in the city and 50 miles on the highway" a)28 !)30 c)33 d)3% e)38 15) (uring a /0,mile trip, Farla traveled at an average speed of 5 miles per hour for the first y miles of the trip and and at an average speed of 1.255 mph for the last /0,y miles of the trip. 2he time that Farla too to travel the /0 miles was what percent of the time it would have ta en her if she has traveled at an average speed of 5 miles per hour for the entire trip" 1) 5 7 /8 2) y 7 20 1%) ;ow much time did it ta e a certain car to travel /00 ilometers" 1) 2he car traveled the first 200 ilometers in 2.5 hours.

2) If the car<s average speed had !een 20 ilometers per hour greater than it was, it would have traveled the /00 ilometers in 1 hour less time than it did. 1') At a speed of 50 miles per hour, a certain car uses 1 gallon of gasoline every 30 miles. If the car starts with a full 12 gallon tan of gasoline and travels for 5 hours at 50 miles per hour, the amount of gasoline used would !e what fraction of a full tan " a) 3#25 !) 11#3% c) '#12 d) 2#3 e) 25#3%

18) If it took Carlos 1/2 hour to cycle from his house to the library yesterday, was the distance that he cycled greater than 6 miles ( ote! 1 mile " #28\$ ft) 1) %he a&erage s'eed at which Carlos cycles from his house to the library yesterday was greater than 16ft 'er second( 2)%he a&erage s'eed at which Carlos cycles from his house to the library yesterday was less than 18ft 'er second(
1*) al, pa!lo, and marsha shared the driving on a 1,500,mile trip. 3hich of the three drove the greatest distance on the trip" 1) al drove 1 hour longer than pa!lo !ut at an average rate of 5 mile per hour slower than pa!lo 2) marsha drove * hours and averaged 50 miles per hour 20) A hi er wal ing at a constant rate of / miles per hour is passed !y a cyclist traveling in the same direction along the same path at a constant rate of 20 miles per hour. 2he cyclist stops to wait for the hi er 5 minutes after passing her, while the hi er continues to wal at her constant rate. ;ow many minutes must the cyclist wait until the hi er catches up" A. % 2#3 \$. 15 &. 20 (. 25 ). 2% 2#3 21) (id it ta e =ei more than 2 hours to wal a distance of 10 miles along a certain trail" +1 mile 7 1.% ilometers, rounded the nearest tenth.) 1) =ei wal ed this distance at an avg. rate of less than %./ ilometers per hour. 2) >n avg., it too =ei more than * minutes per ilometer to wal this distance. 22) (uring a trip on e5pressway,don drove a total of 5 miles.;is average speed on a 5 mile section is 30miles#hr and his average speed of remainder of trip was %0 miles#hr.;is

travel time was what ? greater than it would have !een if he had traveled at constant rate of %0 miles #hr. 23) GIf it too &arlos 1#2 hour ro cycle from his house to the li!rary yesterday, was the distance he cyclced greater than % miles" +1) 2he averagre speed at which &arlos cycled from his house to the li!rary yesterday was greater than 1% feet per second. +2) 2he average speed at which &arlos cycled from his house to the li!rary yesterday was less than 18 feet per second. 2/) 3hile on a straight road, car @ and car A are travelling at different constant rates. If car @ is now 1 mile ahead of car A, how many minutes from now will car @ !e 2 miles ahead of car A " +1) &ar @ is travelling at 50 miles per hour and car A is travelling at /0 miles per hour. +2) 3 minutes ago car @ was 0.5 mile ahead of car A. +A) Btatement +1) AC>D) is sufficient, !ut statement +2) alone is not sufficient. +\$) Btatement +2) AC>D) is sufficient, !ut statement +1) alone is not sufficient. +&) \$>2; statements 2>:)2;)E are sufficient, !ut D)I2;)E statement AC>D) is sufficient. +() )A&; Btatement AC>D) is sufficient. +)) Btatements +1) and +2) 2>:)2;)E are D>2 sufficient.