You are on page 1of 16

# 5.

## Mean, median, range, sd, sequence

1) Five pieces of wood have an average length (arithmetic mean) of 124 centimeters and a

median length of 140 centimeters. What is the maximum length, in centimeters, of the shortest piece of wood !) "0 #) 100 \$) 110 %) 1&0 ') 140
2) A student worked for 20 days. For each of the amounts shown in the 1st row of the table, the 2nd row gives the no. of days at the student earned that amount. What is the median amount of money that the student earned er day for 20 days! amt earned"day # \$% &' &0 (0 '& no. of days...... # ' ( ' ) 2

a) \$% b) &' c) &0 d) (0 e) '& )) For a finite se*uence of non +ero numbers, the number of variations in the sign is defined as the number of airs of consecutive terms of the se*uence for which the roduct of the two consecutive terms is negative. What is the number of variations in sign for the se*uence 1,,),2,-,,',,%! 1)1 2)2 ))) ')' -)') .able# /hi ment, 0 of 1efective 2hi s in /h mt, .otal 02hi s in /h mt /1 2 -,000 /2 - 12,000 /) % 1&,000 /' ' 1%,000

A com uter chi manufacturer e3 ects the ratio of the number of defective chi s to the total number of chi s in all future shi ments to e*ual the corres onding ratio for shi ments /1, /2, /), and /' combined, as shown in the table above. What4s the e3 ected number of defective chi s in a shi ment of %0,000 chi s! Answer 2hoices# 1' 20 22 2' 2-) 5f the terms of a se*uence t1, t2, ....tn, what is the value of n! 1. .he sum of the n terms is ),12'. 2. .he average 6arithmetic mean) of the n terms is '. 7A is 2 %) 3, ), 1, 12, & 5f 3 is an integer, is the median of the - numbers greater than the average 6arithmetic mean) of the - numbers! 61) 38% 62) 3 is greater than the median of the - numbers () 9ast month 1- homes were sold in .own :. .he avg. sale rice of the homes was ;1-0,000 and the median sale rice was <1)0,000. Which of the following statements must be true! 5. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1%-,000. 55. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1)0,0000 and less than <1-0,000 555. At least one of the homes was sold for less than <1)0,000. a) 5 only b) 55 only c) 555 only d) 5 and 55 e) 5 and 555 &) 1id not find this in a revious thread. 2=2=62>2)=62>))=62>')=62>-)=62>%)=62>()=62>&) 2>\$ 2>10

2>1% 2>)2>)( \$) f the average 6arithmetic mean) of - ositive tem eratures is 3 degrees Fahrenheit, then the sum of the ) greatest of these tem eratures, in degrees Fahrenheit, could be 6A) %3 6?) '3 62) )-3 61) 2)3 6@) -)3 10) 5n the se*uence shown, anAan,1= k, where n is greater or e*ual to 2 and less than e*ual to 1- and k is a non+ero constant. Bow many of the terms in the se*uence are greater than 10! 1.) a1A2' 2.) a&A10 11) For students in class A, the range in height is r and the greatest height is g. For students in class ?, the range in height is s and the greatest height is h. 5s the least height in class A greater than the least height of students in class ?! 1) rCs 2) g8h 12) if 3 and y are oints on the number line, what is the value of 3 = y! 1. % is the halfway between 3 and y. 2. yA23 1)) 5f : is e*ual to the sum of the even integers from '0 to %0, inclusive, and D is the number of even integers from '0 to %0, inclusive, what is the value of :=D! --0 --1 -%0 -%1E -(2

1') 1uring an e3 eriment, some water was removed from each of the % water tanks. 5f the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the beginning of the e3 eriment was 10 gallons, what was the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the end of the e3 eriment! 1) For each tank, )0; of the volume of water that was in the tank at the beginning of the e3 eriment was removed during the e3 eriment. 2) .he average 6arithmetic mean) volume of water in the tanks at the end of the e3 eriment was %) gallons. 1-) For every ositive integer n, the function h6n) is defined to be the roduct of all of the even integers from 2 to n, inclusive. 5f is the smallest rime factor of h6100) = 1, then is A. between 2 and 10 ?. between 10 and 20 2. between 20 and )0 1. between )0 and '0 @. greater than '0 1%) ?etty and /ara both earn more than -0000 every year. 5s ?ettyFs salary greater than /araFs! 1) .he salary of ?etty is closer to -0000 than /araFs. 2) .he salary of ?etty is closer to )-000 than it is to /araFs salary. 1() .he median value of a set of \$ ositive integers is %. 5f the only mode in the distrubution is 2- what is the least ossible mean of the distribution. 1&) (iven a set )x, *, +,, if the first term in the data set a-ove is &, what is the third term

(1) the range of this data set is 0 (2) the standard deviation of this data set is 0

1\$)

20) 1ivision G of 2om any H has 1000 em loyees. What is the average annual salary of the em loyees at 2om any H! 1) .he average annual salary of the em louees in 1ivision G is < )0,000. 2) .he average annual salary of the em loyees at 2om any H who are not in 1ivision G is < )-,000. 21) 9ists / and . consist of the same number of ositive integers, 5s the median of / is greater than mean of .!

1. / is consecutive even integers and . is consecutive odd integers. 2. .he sum of / is greater than sum of .. 22) What is the median number of em loyees assigned er roIect for the roIects at 2om any J! 61) 2- ercent of the roIects at 2om any J have ' or more em loyees assigned to each roIect. 62) )- ercent of the roIects at 2om any J have 2 or fewer em loyees assigned to each roIect. 2)) 5f the average 6arithmetic mean) of the assessed values of 3 houses is <212,000 and the average of the assessed values of y other houses is <1\$',000, what is the average of the assessed values of the 3=y houses! 61) 3=yA)% 62) 3A2y 2') What is the tenth term in a series of &\$ consecutive ositive integers! 1) .he average of the integers is 100 2) .he (\$th term in the series is 1)' 2-) %uring certain . months, the highest month sales value is .. What is the deviation of .

## sales values 1) /ange 00 2) 1ean0.

2%) 2et 3 consists of " positive elements. 2et 4 consists of the s5uares of the elements of 3.

6s the average of the elements in 4 greater than that of set 3 (1) 7he median of 3 is greater than 1. (2) 7he range of 3 is 2.
2() 5n a se*uence of 10 increasing consecutive integers, the sum of the last - integers is 2)0. What is the sum of the first - integers in the se*uence! A) 22?) 220 2) 211) 210 @) 20-

2&) y1 , y2 , y) .... are all distinct integers and re resent the entire set of integers. K is a non negative number such that K A 63 , y1 ) 63 , y2 ) 63 , y) ) .... u to infinity, where 3 is an integer. Which of the following value can 3 take so that 5. 0 55. 1 555. ,1 Answer 2hoices # 6A) 5 only 6?) 55 only 62) 5 and 55 only 61) 5 and 555 only 6@) any of 5, 55 or 555 2\$) A se*uence, a1A%', a2A%%, a)A%(, anA&=an,), which of the following is in the se*uence! 10(&% \$%% 102)0) 5n the arithemtic se*uence t1, t2, t), ....tn, ...., t1 A 2) and tn A tn,1 , ) for n81, what is the value of n when tnA,'! )1) 8ere is another se5uence 5uestion 6 could use some help on. 6 guess the answer correctl*, has the least value!

-ut 69m having a hard time wrapping m* head around se5uence 5uestions. 6n a certain se5uence the difference -etween the (:;1)th and :th element e5uals the :th element (: is an* positive integer). What is the fourth element of this se5uence 1. 7he first element of the se5uence is 1. 2. 7he third element of the se5uence is 1<4.
)2) 2an someone hel me solve the below *uestion! H. For every integer L from 1 to 10, inclusive, the Lth term of a certain se*uence is given by 6,1)>L=1 . 61"2>L). 5f . is the sum of the first 10 terms in the se*uence, then . is a) 8 2 b) between 1 and 2 c) between 1"2 and 1

d) between 1"' and 1"2 e) less then M ))) .he set / of numbers has the following ro erties# 5) 5f 3 is in /, then 1"3 is in /. 55) 5f both 3 and y are in /, then so is 3 = y. 5s ) in /! 61) 1") is in /. 62) 1 is in /. )')

)-) Find the the sum of the first 20 terms of this series which begins this way # ,1>2 = 2>2 , )>2 = '>2 , ->2 = %>2... 6a) 210 6b) ))0

6c) -1\$ 6d) (20 6e) 1\$0 )%) Niven a se*uence# 5n the se*uence shown, , where and Bow many of the terms in the se*uence are greater than 10! 61) 62) )() For a list of ositive integers, from the third terms, each term is the sum of two revious terms, if the sum is oddO otherwise, the term is half of the sum. 5f the fourth term is (, and the fifth term is -, what is the first number! )&) 5f set / consists of the numbers 1, -, ,2, &, and n, is 0C nC (! 61) .he median of the numbers in / is less than -. 62) .he median of the numbers in / is greater than 1. )\$) 5f the terms of a se*uence t1, t2, ....tn, what is the value of n! 1. .he sum of the n terms is ),12'. 2. .he average 6arithmetic mean) of the n terms is '. '0) certain se*uence is given by 6,1)>k=1 61"2>k). 5f . is the sum of the first 10 terms in the se*uence, then . is# a. greater than 2 b. between 1 and 2 c. between 1"2 and 1 d. between 1"' and 1"2 e. less than M '1) 5n a certain year,the difference between ParyFs and QimFs salaries was twice the difference between ParyFs and LateFs annual salaries.5f ParyFs annual /alary was highest of the ) eo le what is the arithmetic mean of the annual salary of the ) eo le last year 5)QimFs annual salary was < )0,000 55)LateFs annual salary was < '0,000 is a non+ero constant.

'2) /et / consists of five consecutive integers, and set . consists of seven consecutive integers. 5s the median of the numbers in set / e*ual to the median of the numbers in set .! 1) .he median of the numbers in /et / is 0. 2) .he sum of the numbers in set / is e*ual to the sum of the numbers in set .. ')) /tock and Rumber of /hares S %& W 112 : -% D \$' J '.he table above shows the number of shares of each of the - stocks owned by Pr. /ami. 5f Pr. /ami was to sell 20 shares of stock : and buy 2' shares of stock D, what would be the increase in the range of the number of shares of the - stocks owned by Pr. /ami. A. ' ?. % 2. \$ 1. 1@. 20 '') .he sum of the integers in list / is the same as the sum of the integers in list .. 1oes / contain more integers than .! 1) .he average 6arithmetic mean) of the integers in / is less than the average of the integers in .. 2) .he median of the integers in / is greater than the median of the integers in .. '-) a61), a62), a6)), TT, a61-). 5n the se*uence shown above, a6n) A a6n,1) = k, where 2 CA n CA 1- and k is a non,+ero constant. Bow many terms in the se*uence are greater than 10! 1) a61) A 2' 2) a6&) A 10 '%) 2ommittee : and 2ommittee D , which have no common members, will combine to form 2ommittee J . 1oes 2ommittee : have more members than 2ommittee D ! 61) .he average 6arithmetic mean) age of the members of 2ommittee : is 2-.( years

and the average age of the members of 2ommittee D is 2\$.) years. 62) .he average 6arithmetic mean) age of the members of 2ommittee J will be 2%.% years '() For a finite se*uence of non +ero numbers, the number of variations in the sign is defined as the number of airs of consecutive terms of the se*uence for which the roduct of the two consecutive terms is negative. What is the number of variations in sign for the se*uence 1,,),2,-,,',,%! 1)1 2)2 ))) ')' -)'&) A list of measurements in increasing order is ',-,%,&,10 and 3. 5f the median of these measurements is %"( times their arithmetic mean, what is the value of 3! 1% 11' 1) 12 '\$) Five ieces of wood have an average length 6arithmetic mean) of 12' centimeters and a median length of 1'0 centimeters. What is the ma3imum length, in centimeters, of the shortest iece of wood! A) \$0 ?) 100 2) 110 1) 1)0 @) 1'0 -0) A student worked for 20 days. For each of the amounts shown in the 1st row of the table, the 2nd row gives the no. of days at the student earned that amount. What is the median amount of money that the student earned er day for 20 days! amt earned"day # \$% &' &0 (0 '& no. of days...... # ' ( ' ) 2 a) \$% b) &' c) &0

## d) (0 e) '& -1) x, &, 1, 12, =

6f x is an integer, is the median of the . num-ers greater than the average (arithmetic mean) of the . num-ers (1) x>? (2) x is greater than the median of the . num-ers
-2) 9ast month 1- homes were sold in .own :. .he avg. sale rice of the homes was ;1-0,000 and the median sale rice was <1)0,000. Which of the following statements must be true! 5. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1%-,000. 55. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1)0,0000 and less than <1-0,000 555. At least one of the homes was sold for less than <1)0,000. a) 5 only b) 55 only c) 555 only d) 5 and 55 e) 5 and 555 -)) 5n the se*uence of ositive number 31, 32, 3),. . . what is the value of 31!!

-') (.-1 &.22 (.&% &.)% &.0\$ (.&) &.)0 &.01 (.() &.2- (.\$% &.-) A vending machine is designed to dis ense & ounces of coffee into a cu . After a test that recorded the number of ounces of coffee in each of 1000 cu s dis ensed by the vending machine, the 12 listed amounts, in ounces, were selected from the data. 5f the 1000 recorded amounts have a mean score of &.1 ounces and a standard deviation of 0.) ounce, how many of the 12 listed amounts are within 1.- standard deviations of the mean. Four /i3 Rine .en @leven

Bow do 5 a

## roach this roblem!

--) 6f eleven consecutive integers are listed from least to greatest, what is the average

(arithmetic mean) of the eleven integers 1. 7he average of the first nine integers is @ 2. 7he average of the last nine integers is "
-%) 5f each term in the sum a1 = a2 = ...... = an is either ( or (( and the sum is )-0, which of the following could e*ual to n! a. )& b. )\$ c. '0 d. '1 e. '2 -() 5n the arithmetic se*uence t1, t2, t3,..tn, t1 A 2) and tn-1 , ) for each n 8 1. What is the value of n when tn A ,'! a) ,1 b) ( c) 10 d) 1' e) 20 -&) .he lifetimes of all the batteries roduced by a certain com any in a year have a distribution that is symmetric about the mean m. 5f the distribution has a standard deviation of d, what ercent of the distribution is greater than m = d ! 6a) %& ercent of the distribution lies in the interval from m, d to m=d, inclusive 6b) 1% ercent of the distribution is less than m U d -\$) 5f the average 6arithmetic mean) of - ositive tem eratures is 3 degrees Fahrenheit, then the sum of the ) greatest of these tem eratures, in degrees Fahrenheit, could be 6A) %3 6?) '3 62) )-3 61) 2)3 6@) -)3

%0) .he numbers of books read by ( students last year were 10, -, , *, r, 2\$, and 20. What was the range of numbers of books read by the ( students last year! 61) - C C * 62) K C r C 1%1) 5n the se*uence shown, anAan,1= k, where n is greater or e*ual to 2 and less than e*ual to 1- and k is a non+ero constant. Bow many of the terms in the se*uence are greater than 10! 1.) a1A2' 2.) a&A10 %2) /e*uence a1,a2,a3,Tan of n integers is such that ak A k if k is odd and ak A ak-1if k is even. 5s the sum of the terms in the se*uence ositive! 1) n is odd 2) an is ositive %)) /et G contains five numbers that have an average value of --. 5f the median of the set is e*ual to the mean, and the largest number in the set is e*ual to 20 more than three times the smallest number, what is the largest ossible range for the numbers in the set! (& (( 1"%% 1"( -- 1"( -2 %') For a certain set of n numbers, where n81, is the average 6arithmetic mean) e*ual to the median! 61) 5f the n number in the set are listed in increasing order, then the difference between any air of successive numbers in the set is 2. 62) .he range of the n numbers in the set is 26n,1). %-) 1uring an e3 eriment, some water was removed from each of the % water tanks. 5f the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the beginning of the e3 eriment was 10 gallons, what was the standard deviation of the volumes of water in the tanks at the end of the e3 eriment! 1) For each tank, )0; of the volume of water that was in the tank at the beginning of the e3 eriment was removed during the e3 eriment. 2) .he average 6arithmetic mean) volume of water in the tanks at the end of the e3 eriment was %) gallons.

%%) 9ast month 1- homes were sold in .own :. .he average sale rice of the homes was <1-0, 000 and the median sale rice was <1)0,000. Which of the following must be true! 5. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1%-,000 55. At least one of the homes was sold for more than <1)0,000 and less than <1-0,000. 555. At least one of the homes was sold for less than <1)0,000 A. 5 only ?. 55 only 2. 555 only 1. 5 and 55 @. 5 and 555 %() 5f set / consists of the numbers 1, -, ,2, &, and n, is 0C nC (! 61) .he median of the numbers in / is less than -. 62) .he median of the numbers in / is greater than 1. %&) 5f the terms of a se*uence are t1, t2, t)......tn what is the value of n! 1. .he sum of n terms is )12' 2. .he average 6arithmatic mean) of n terms is ' %\$) Can Ron or one of the instructors please explain a methodological way to approach this question? i was a bit stumped and running out of time on GMAT prep practice test. The other solutions posted to this question are generally not helpful. than!s. 5f each term in the sum a1 = a2 = a)...= an is either ( or (( and the sum e*uals )-0, which of the following could be n! A) )& ?) )\$ 2) '0 1) '1 @) '2 (0) 1uring an e3 eriement, some water was removed from each of teh % tanks. 5f standard deviation of the % tanks at the beginning of the e3 eriement was 10 gallons, what was it at the end of the e3 erient! 61) )0; of water was removed from each tank 62) Average"mean at the end of e3 eriement was %) gallons