Proportion of the German Legion in the liberation struggles of the years 1813 and 1814 in North Germany

by Bernhard Schwertfeger
It was the night before the Christmas festivities of the year 1812, as the 29th Bulletin of the large army of the 3 December 1812 in Malodeczno known in Hamburg. The whole enormous army never better destroyed Napoleon's health, which was the main content of this message beyond compare. Not long, and fleeing generals, soldiers and officials crisscrossed the German cities and spread the news of the horrific disaster. Happy thought blazed up everywhere, whether probably finally beat the hour of liberation for Germany. On March 4, Berlin was been cleared before the advancing tip of the Russian corps Wittgenstein from the French occupation, soon swarms of nimble Cossack roamed on the Elbe. Tettenborns Russians, stormy welcomed by the population, moved in Hamburg on March 18. This first easily attained profit moved up the weighty consequences. In all those Hanoverian land marks, which were free by the retreat of General Carra St. Cyr to Bremen, the population rose up, and immediately began the creation of volunteer corps. Still before the March of end of, the tribes were already for
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the field battalion Lauenburg major v. Bailey, the field battalion Lüneburg under Lieutenant-Colonel von Klencke, the field battalion Bremen-Verden under major de Baux, a military police corps under Colonel Graf von Kielmansegge, a Hussar Regiment under Colonel von Estorff, Lüneburg a Hussar Regiment under Colonel Lieutenant von dem Bussche BremenVerden

built. (The merit of establishing falls for the Lüneburg Legion, Oberstleutnant von Estorff, for the bremen-verdensche Legion Rittmeister v.d. ceiling and the Councilor v. Zesterfleth, for the military police corps the hunting Junker von Düring to.) The above commanders took over the troops in part later.) Happy in the home of the former Legion officers rushed from all sides, to take over command. Major v. Berger, Oberstleutnant von Klencke, Colonel von Estorff and major v.d. Bussche (1816 Colonel has v.d. Bussche to retaining his British half pay in addition to the Hanoverian content. Wellington himself wrote in this matter to Lord Palmerston and stressed, Bussche had built his regiment at a time, where the output of the arms decision was still doubtful and a failure would have plunged him into inevitable ruin. Just at the time it felt very serious lack of war-experienced officers in Hanover.) were among the officers who had served in the Legion with distinction and turned immediately again available. The formations won a larger viewing this from the

outset a firmer grip and to the public. Yet it lacked trained former soldiers and appropriate instructors. To remedy this deficiency, England starting April sent a division of 400 Legion infantry under Lieutenant Colonel Martin, also a co-located Cavalry Division of 60 men and 40 horses under Knight-Captain Krauchenberg of the 1st Hussar Regiment and Lieutenant von Estorff of the 2nd Hussars regiment to Northern Germany. 2 Fireworks, were 1 upper scorcher of the artillery, 3 bombardiers and 37 Gunners with 6 unbespannten guns under Captain Wiering and Lieutenant Wöhler passed. The high recognition of the services provided by the German Legion so far by the Prince Regent is in following the instruction out, who overheard the secret war Council count Kielmansegge friend in March to England: "Because not only the largest number of Marie troops keep foreign wars and there namely the Royal German Legion, which has received the old war glory of Hanoverian arms on the most brilliant States during the whole period of hostile usurpation of Churbraunschweigischen, Fanny anjetzt against the enemy in Spain as the Prince Regent, searched for HRH Highness your Allied Russia and Sweden to a community expedition to move North Germany." The budget of for sending troops was set as follows in the same instruction:
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1 Lieutenant-Colonel 1 Major 3 Captain 8 Subaltern officers 15 Sergeants 15 Corporal 6 Tambours 300 Men 40 Man artillery with 2 guns and 1 howitzer 1 Captain 1 Lt. 1 Sergeant 2 Corporal 1 Trumpeter 40 GB

of the infantry " " " " " " "

by the cavalry " " " " "

This budget was exceeded as we have seen above, from the outset. The 400 infantry were taken from the existing two companies of the 1st and 2nd

light and the 1st, 2nd and 5th line battalion to Bexhill, to which each of these battalions because of strong losses recently was been increased. Went with officers, much envied by the remaining companions:
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Major G. Müller, 2nd line battalion, commanding, Conradi, 2nd light battalion Adjutant, Lieutenant Lieutenant wiper man, 5th line battalion, as a quartermaster, Assistant surgeon Dr. Brüggemann from 7th line battalion, Captain v. Sasse of the 1st line battalion Captain Holtz Hale of the 1st light battalion By the 2nd light battalion, Captain Schaumann Lieutenant v. wind home from the 7th line battalion Lieutenant Baker from the 2nd light battalion Le Bach Ellé of the 7th line battalion, Lieutenant Dehnel Lieutenant of the 3rd line battalion Lieutenant Salam of the 8th line battalion Lieutenant Köster of the 1st light battalion.

(In the Hanoverian new formations of the year 1813 following the 4 mentioned commanders outside former joined members of the Legion: Captain v. Ludowig in the Feldjäger Corps;) Major Clamor v.d. Bussche and major A. v. Estorff at the Hussars Lüneburg; Major H. v.d. ceilings, major H. v.d. Beck and major A. v.d. Knesebeck at the Hussar Regiment of Bremen-Verden. Major Gideon v. Benoit at battalion Lauenburg; Captain v. Roden at battalion Lüneburg; Captain Scharloock of the infantry battalion of Bremen-Verden; Captain v. Möller at the battalion v. Bennigsen. Captain Schäffer was one of the first who found themselves up in Hamburg by the engineer Corps of the Legion. Probably even more officers than the came over top listed from England.) The Cavalry Division of the Legion has been embarked to Harwich, and only on the Elbe estuary, merged with the main carriage, which reached Heligoland on April 17. The troops were shipped out on the 25th at Cuxhaven and set the Oste in March on the 26th to Neuhaus, greeted jubilantly by the population as the first back home. Due to approach to French troops on 27 again loaded aboard, sailed it on April 29 after the Russians occupied Hamburg and went into the quarters after stalwart took before General Tettenborn. In Hamburg were immediately meetings between the General count wallmodenGimborn certain "Commander of a mixed troop Corps on the lower Elbe" (son of field marshal, who surrendered in 1803 at Suhl in Germany. As Chief of the 1st Light Dragoons Regiment 1813/14 Member of Legion.), which from England to the direction of the Hanoverian new formations sent General Lyon and the General Tettenborn instead, was determined in which that all new formations as British troops to look at, that should be governed by the formation and drilling regulations of the Legion for same and the Legion divisions of England are now distributed among the

Accordingly the 400 infantry on April 30 were divided into 2 light and 2 companies of the line. Now granted the island Wilhelmsburg. The artillery Department first arrived in Hamburg on May 2 and was moved to Ratzeburg. The failed policy of the allies. several thousand defenders soon also resulted in the loss of this important town.troops. what the French heavily occupied the remainder of Wilhelmsburg. Berger repelled the attack of the French battalion Lauenburg and freed the Ochsenwerder. The fighting at Hamburg in May 1813 In the night of 8/9 may the French undertook an attack against the islands of Wilhelmsburg and Ochsenwerder. Only by the bold stance of the 2nd light company under Captain Schaumann succeeded the retreat across the Norder Elbe without causing excessive losses. Hamburg should not long enjoy his liberation from French rule. the 1st light under Holtz er man to the battalion Lüneburg. but were expelled again tomorrow at the other. On 10 may the General Montesquieu-Fézensac Cuxhaven had again occupied the whole left bank of the Elbe was French again. The small Cavalry Division was spread out on the two Hussar regiments in establishing.500 men against the French ended up very unhappy and with significant losses. pushed back on the former on the northern edge of the island the crew. the artillery with their 4 cannons and 2 howitzers. Lieutenant Baker with the last people of the rearguard reached a boat to travel to floating under the bullets of the enemy. and 2nd light both at the time on the island of Wilhelmsburg under Captain Schaumann to Bremen-Verden battalion. the latter under major Müller came to mountain village to the battalion Lauenburg. The surveys in the Hanoverian lands therefore provisionally found an end. Tettenborn retired now his forces up on the Feddel. An offensive thrust myself on May 12th with support of the Danes by about 1. Knight-Captain Krauchenberg served mostly in the General wall wear. 1 Sergeant had fallen. and the end of April already entered the troops asked to cover the city on the islands of Wilhelmsburg and Ochsenwerder East of the Elbe with the French of VANDAMME touch. Marshal Davout moved his troops against the Elbe together. . The detachments of the Legion had already proven themselves good this. The officers should form the root for a battery to be built as surplus will be adjusted at the same. where Captain Wiering took the construction of a battery in the attack. Bernadotte to love Denmark to the French in the arms and thus to weaken Hamburg. Major v.

the latter died on the 14th at Bergedorf on his wound. were recalled again but on the 26th by Bernadotte. Tettenborn remained up to and kept occupied. now only the Islands Ochsenwerder and Kano while VANDAMME bring heavy guns on the Feddel in position. Berger threw himself with the battalion Lauenburg. 130 Legion stood ready under Lieutenant Dehnel at Ochsenwerder Church for their support.Happier. On the night of May 28/29. Lieutenant le Bach Ellé and 1 Sergeant were wounded. had major Müller after the Ochsenwerder translated the rest of the battalion Lauenburg and stood in dehnel's height. In the following days. the two line companies of the Legion and a battalion of Hanseatic League on an already flowed Department of 200-300 men and captured the most. operated by Legion artillerists and Hanseatic League. contributed significantly to the success of the company. the rejection of a French passage at Zollenspieker turned out for the allies on May 13. 2 Vierundzwanzigpfünder. The loss of the Legion's Department were not significant. The Danes withdrew on May 19 the promised Sweden came while on the 21st. as he had received news of a . Major v. the location of Hamburg was always worse. 29 May deteriorate even more Tettenborns location. To guard the Ochsenwerder battalion Lauenburg had occupied in the evening the Elbe Dyke to Wilhelmsburg on May 28 with 2 companies of outpost.

the southernmost tip of the island of Wilhelmsburg. that on the 17th the hostilities were reopened. About 4 o'clock in the morning. because the lasting until August 16 great truce came into force on June 4. Hamburg was again occupied by Davout on the 31st. The heavily recurring opponent by a brilliant bayonet charge of the marchers in the rearguard Prussian battalion von Borcke suffered a loss by 200 men.) The cease-fire in the summer of 1813 . (Initially until 20 July closed. major Müller was the battalion to collect. Communicated to the allies on August 15. a violent artillery fire began apparently suddenly by the Moorwerder. wounded or captured. stopped the overpowering opponents and went over finally sold at a large loss on ships Eichbaum. Major Müller immediately advanced on the Elbe Dyke in support of there two companies of outposts when they came to meet him in full resolution. where his multi-faceted Corps gained wallmoden. Still in the night of 29/30 may he went back over mountain village to Lauenburg. But a few direct hits from the French guns were sufficient to cause the whole battalion to go back. More hostilities not held. by rapid advance and had run his people. Tettenborns position in Hamburg was now untenable. The Legionnaires lost 15 men 1 corporal and 31 man dead. about one-third of their holdings. to throw the already landed Department. So the defense of Ochsenwerder was left alone the 130 Legion under Dehnel and some scattered Laue burgers. beyond the Dove Elbe. until August 10 extended 6 day period were allowed for the termination. Major Müller decided now. 6 Hours that subsection back step by step. Only at oak tree. The French had quietly put some 100 men over the Elbe river arm and completely surprised the young Lauenburgischen troops.planned assault.

The transport was gone off from England on May 15. The young formations were given the opportunity to settle in their new associations and to gain a certain military grip. First 14 officers. since it led to Austria's joining the Coalition. included 50 non-commissioned officers and gunners of the Legion which is approximately. was of the greatest importance for the Wallmodens Army Department. Windsheim and le Bach Ellé from the 7th line battalion to Komapaniechefs were appointed in the same. 10 non-commissioned officers and 60 men under LieutenantColonel H. To supplement the gaps in the battalion Lauenburg. joined Lieutenant potential to an English rocket battery to the foot battery of Captain Wiering. Lieutenant Dehnel. Halkett arrived on 20 June KÜSTER in Wismar as well as a small Division of the 2nd Regiment of Dragoons under Lieutenant. for Napoleon from the worst consequences.General count wallmoden-Gimborn This truce. was placed under but now the captain Holtz Ali and is usually called a half battalion Holtz er man in the histories of the Northern army. She remained divided in 2 light and 2 line companies. This desired increase in trained officers and soldiers allowed to complement the Legion Infantry Division back to around 400 men. as a trained artillery officer of the Brunswick Corps. the Lieutenant v. but long delayed by adverse winds. LieutenantColonel Halkett took over a Hanoverian Brigade. The Hanoverian new formations has been catered for through more posting by Legion troops. (In this capacity he participated only Legion officer at the battle of .

The 3rd Hussar regiment was 1808/09-constantly since the unfortunate campaign under Sir John Moore in England. half battalion Holtz er man Jäger Corps: Count Kielmansegge (2 Hanoverian. 1813 to Wismar). Anhalt Line Brigade: Lieutenant-Colonel Halkett The 2nd light battalion Adjutant Captain Schaumann Battalions Bennigsen. 1 Russian German company) Hanoverian foot battery: Captain Wiering. On 8 August. she arrived under the leadership of major Barakat in Wismar and had to be hauled there first new. 5 cornets. Acquired major Kalani. Lauenburg. Wallmodens army had won the now following outline: Avant-garde: Major-General v. 6 guns Cavalry Division: Major-General v.Leipzig. Töbing and the two horsemen batteries under major Brückmann. rich Lützow free Corps (3 Battalions. Töbing (Töbing died on September 3. was shipped out and Zarrentin reached in mid-August. 1813 the ships. Dornberg 2 Russian Hussar regiments of 4 Squadre . On August 5 the regiment arrived happy to Wismar. Sasse of the 1st line battalion Battalions of Lüneburg. On August 23 until they came to the Wallmodenschen Corps.) The most significant gain but was carried out by the arrival of the 3rd Hussars Regiment under Lieutenant Colonel v. On June 10. Bremen-Verden. 5 squadrons with approximately 800 excellent horses climbed strongly in Ramsgate the departure had must be moved but adverse winds due to 3 weeks. 8 guns) Russian German Division: Major-General v. where already 17 horses wounded through the rigors of the journey had to be killed. The leaders had for the diseased in Wismar Lieutenant-Colonel v. it. Arentsschildt Brigade Ratzmer (3 battalions) Brigade Wardenburg (3 battalions) Anglo German Division: Maj. Langrehr. Gen. The two horsemen batteries had since 1807 no military use had more. Taggart 4 Cossack regiments Jäger battalion v. it landed on the 17th of July in Gothenburg. a request for the officers to re-use of the Regiment in Spain was been granted negative early 1812. Very bad drive. Lyon Adjutant Lieutenant Mac Glashan from the 2nd light battalion of the Legion Light brigade: Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Adjutant Captain v.

called Stecknitz . 4 squadrons of riding hunters. a man who would have done no doubt perfectly efficient. 2 Prussian Hussar squadrons under Saha. the Holstein border and the river Elbe. with little Cavalry consisting of 13th. Clausewitz.Elbe. as Commander-in-Chief of the army of the North was an uncertain and contradictory. Against Davout in Hamburg commanded over 25.000 men in the field to. was well suited for this difficult position. half diplomat. half military. adapted this Commander in the happiest way. that right-most in grevesmühlen. while its total strength was 27. wallmoden.788 man. August 16 the opponent at the stood demarcation line to. . overriding each half) and half foot battery to 4 guns) Towards the end of the truce could wallmoden about 24. 4 squadrons. when it would have the fate to a different place of the astronaut and a better composite force assigned him to. on the French by Lübeck. in the battles proud silence with the utmost bravery he uniting and permitted by the service in four armies with a keener eye for people and relationships. the brilliant Lieutenant-Colonel v. "A clear head. which. Wallmoden was distributed to his troops." His Chief of staff. riding battery.3Rd Hussars Regiment of the German Legion to 5 squadrons Hanoverian regiments of Hussars Lüneburg and Bremen-Verden (4 weak squads) 2 horse batteries of the German Legion to 6 guns Major Banik 1 horse battery. be militarily well anlagt. about 30 came Northeast Ratzeburg. Crown Prince of Sweden. Captain Kuhlmann 2 horse batteries of the Russian German Legion to 8 guns Lieutenant-Colonel Monhaupt British rocket battery. polite and gentle character. 8 squadrons. 1 foot battery) Mecklenburg Brigade (4 Battalions. Anyway. Captain A. on pages of the allies through the line Ratzeburger see . Army Corps and a Danish auxiliary corps under the General Prince Friedrich of Hesse. 2 guns) Hanseatic Brigade (2 Battalions. with an army to Motley. the attitude of Bernadotte. Sympher 2. Swedish Brigade (6 Battalions.000 men. 32 frames Swedish Division: Lieutenant-General von Vegesack 5. A heavy duty was to make significant.

Hagenow . in the Elbe). and have been used against the enemy immediately. A detachment of Hanoverian Jäger. to contribute to the support of Corps posted to Berlin from Hamburg and Northern army at least covered the wallmoden Corps of a reinforcement of the Berlin to hold on August 17 a forward movement started with .Lübtheen (compare the sketch map).Wittenburg .Arentsschildt and Lyon were Sweden and Mecklenburg under Vegesack South of the divisions in the General line of Gadebusch (25 miles east of Ratzeburg) . New start of hostilities 3Rd Hussars KGL Davout had in fulfilling its mandate. the Cavalry Division of Dörnberg between Zarrentin and Boizenburg. Zarrentin the German Legion Hussars arrived 6 days later the horsemen batteries on August 17. and disrupting Davout connections with Magdeburg. Tettenborn watched the Stecknitz and had stronger outposts at Mölln. Büchen and Lauenburg (Lauenburg is the influence of the Stecknitz. a battalion under Colonel count Kielmansegge to Dömitz Hanseatic League and 50 horsemen were the orders from here to the left bank of the Elbe.

Lallemand was occupied with the left French column by Schwarzenbeck on the 17th Mölln. the grounds with hedgerows and ditches cut prevented a successful riding of the squads who now suffered some losses from enemy artillery fire. The French artillery shot very badly. Tettenborn watched the enemy at Gresse. with a left Garcia. Dornberg Zarrentin held easily occupied and attracted to Tettenborn. Davout took his March on August 20. reached with a right column of Lauenburg and Boizenburg Zahrensdorf. Also. From his headquarters from Lauenburg he reported to Napoleon that he would break up on the 20th against Schwerin. Near Lauenburg was the French General Pécheux fierce opposition and was stopped by the Lützow Freikorps 2 days.2 columns by Bergedorf Lauenburg and Schwarzenbeck against Mölln. the General Vegesack standing still in grevesmühlen could be cut out if Davout advancing further East. cavalry friend for and artillery was supported but then by thorn mountain of Camin. First. 6 km north of Boizenburg. and so the German Legion Hussars lost only 1 guy and 3 horses dead. Only withdrew the Lützow on Garcia. 1 man . thorn mountain with the German Hussars of the Legion. Goldenbow had the 2nd Russian German Hussars almost 2 hours to conduct the Defense alone. whereas Tettenborn at Vellahn formed the left wing.000 Cavalry of Davout with 6. Slowly. 10 km southeast Büchen. Both dangers had to meet wallmoden. The slowness of French movements prompted wallmoden decided to confront proceed in a favourable position on the heights between Vellahn and Goldenbow infantry and 3. The Division of Arentsschildt was pushed up in the forest of Friedrichsdorf. Goldenbow and Camin (4 or 7 km north of Vellahn) for the 21. His columns received the direction of Vellahn. Unfortunately. He moved so his force at Wittenburg and Hagenow (sketch map). This movement allowed the possibility of a later panning against Berlin. on the 19th. still in the hope to get news about Oudinot encroachment against Berlin and then afterwards to set up its operations. Camin and the forest forward this place was through a Russian German battalion occupied. the Hanoverian Hussars and a blind battery also there installed. the attack took place on Camin. the French in 3 columns exceeded the Sadashiv and penetrated against Camin and Goldenbow Vellahn. The here asked battalion went back. but went back on the 18th on Schwarzenbeck and had seizes on the evening of that day of the Stecknitz passage near Büchen. Davout was on the 19th in the possession of the Stecknitz section. The 2nd Russian German Hussars Regiment covered the middle on the Windmill Hill by Goldenbow. On the afternoon of 21 August.000 troops.

Büchen. to get – he estimated it now to 16-18.only Tettenborn and Vegesack the Stecknitz compared with leaving . The sudden withdrawal of Davout. Davout advancing to Schwerin. Kielmansegge was sent to the investigation against Lüneburg. The events of the next few days. The Legion Hussars received a recognition of General von Dörnberg general order by August 22nd for "the good. the news of the battle of großbeeren to cover for Hamburg made by concerned.000 man . added him to the 6th company of the German Legion Hussars under Captain Jack. Decisive successes were not reached also by inserting the Tettenbornschen Cossacks. Mölln. The company Janßen was replaced by Cossacks and rejoined to their Regiment. steadfast and set behavior of the Regiment in the affair of Camin. The points of passage observed particularly in Winsen and Harburg. because they offered no opportunity for successful activity the German Legion troops. we could ignore short. behind the marked line generated the thoughts that the Marshal under the protection of this strong position with main forces west of the Elbe via Magdeburg to Napoleon's main army March to remember at wallmoden. Unexpectedly." Wallmoden went back on August 22 after Hagenow. Quickly he rushed . the foreland of Hamburg was protected by a wide list from the Baltic to the Elbe.with his main forces to Dömitz. The meeting of the Göhrde on 16 September 1813 . the Wakenitz and Trave. Schlutup. a French to be able to move southward into the side cover. the Ratzeburger Lake.achieved through the meeting. Lübeck and Travemünde were heavily occupied.wounded. Davout. Camin remained in the hands of the French. The transitions at Lauenburg. went back on the night of 2/3 September von Schwerin and now took a strong position behind the watercourses of the Stecknitz. Wallmoden marched back again the following day to Hagenow. greater clarity on strength of Davout had wallmoden but its purpose. pushed out there standing Corps Kielmansegge according to Dannenberg and left immediately in Dömitz bridge. Thus. Wallmodens standby position at Ludwigslust-Neustadt. When a Danish officer received over reported on 9 September that Davout don't remember to deduct to Magdeburg. Davout in Ratzeburg stood with his main forces.

from which emerged that Davout wool let go the General Pécheux with 3.300 riders. Taggart Infantry v. Lützow Freikorps 1 Battalion first lieutenant Staak . however. the Dragoon regiments. 9 and 16 and of the field artillery regiment von Scharnhorst were involved.000 men at Zollenspieker across the Elbe and send to Magdeburg with the order. of the infantry regiment 77.Trave line. not in vain. including 3. Taken preparations should be.The meeting of the Göhrde The meeting of the Göhrde is 1897 extensively portrayed to the military weekly by the author in the booklet 5/6. September 14 wallmoden gathered in a bivouac at Dömitz 15 battalions. 3 batteries and 600 riders. Hanseatic League and Sweden . with all other troops but in Dömitz across the Elbe Pécheux to tackle.Davout at the 70 km-long Stecknitz .to leave only the absolutely necessary forces .300 men. so it seemed necessary to treat this only important arms Act of wallmoden's Corps and in particular. 17 squadrons. Messages from the left bank of the Elbe were was that there in the villages for 10. 3 regiments of Cossacks. Almost all Hanoverian troops were involved in this enterprise for her closer home. Lemarois. 9. the Commander of Magdeburg. On 12 September a French ordnance officer with a letter was caught in the area of Mölln. The old Hanoverian traditions were not yet awarded the Prussian military units. the share of the Hanoverian troops because at this point little detail. the 9th Dragoons and 10 Gunners now also the motto: "Göhrde" wearing of the helmet.000 to 10. together approximately 12.000 Lützow. This troop strength too high given by the French to the intimidation of the population prompted wallmoden. Since meeting tribes of the 73rd Fusiliers. once to clean the left bank of the Elbe by the enemies. 38 guns and half rocket battery.000 men quarter was said to infantry. Pécheux should drop a Department to advertise. The military division was the following: Avant-garde: Major-General v.

Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Battalion Anhalt . Scheele 8 Guns Together: 6 battalions. Bennigsen Battalion of the majors v. 4 guns Russian German Division: Major-General v. v. rich. 6 guns Together: 6½ battalions. 2 v.Jäger battalion under Captain v.major Kalani 5 Squadrons Hanovarian Hussars Lüneburg .Lieutenant Colonel v.Oberstleutnant von Estorff 2 Squadrons Hanovarian Hussars Bremen-Verden . Bénoit Battalion of Lieutenant-Colonel v. 4. 6 v. Hannoversches Jäger Corps (2 companies) and Russian German Jäger company under Colonel count Kielmansegge Cavalry under major von Lützow 5 Squadrons Hanseatic riding battery under Captain Spoormann 4 Guns Cossack regiments Komisarow. 5 v.Lieutenant v.Captain Wiering. Lyon Light brigade . 6 guns .Captain Sympher.Lieutenant Colonel v. Dornberg 3Rd Hussar Regiment of the German Legion .Lieutenant-Colonel v. 4 squadrons. Langrehr Half battalion of the Legion . 8 guns Anglo German Division: Maj.major von Natzmer 1St Battalion v. Mohan. Denisov.Lieutenant-Colonel Halkett Battalion Lauenburg . Natzmer 1St Hussars Regiment . Sulin 3 Regiments Together: 2½ battalions. 5 squadrons and 3 regiments of Cossacks.Captain Holtz Hager Hanoverian foot battery . Gen. Dobschütz 2Nd Brigade . Bussche 1 Squadron Horse artillery brigade of the German Legion . 6 guns Cavalry Division: Major-General v. Arentsschildt 1St Brigade .major de Vaux Battalion of the 73rd British infantry regiment (detached from Stralsund) Lines Brigade .d.major v. Wardenburg 3Rd Battalion von Tiedemann. Goltz 4 Squadrons 1 horse battery . 1 BTL. Horn.major Brückmann 1 horse battery . Schaper.major Krohne Battalion Bremen-Verden .

This message was excessive with regard to the strength of infantry . As the numerous everywhere around grazing Cossacks showed him that even more significant forces in Dömitz had to be moved. left his Gros on a Höhenzuge hard West Lakare and even with a battalion of the 3rd line Regiment at the hunting lodge past up to the forest. but good einexerziert and full of soldatischem ambition. Dahlenburg versus the Göhrde. 20 guns.000 to 6. 16 rocket racks The 14 evening Pécheux on the Elbe had gone. the teams mostly very young recruits. Baron de Pécheux was a very competent officer of the guard emerged and Marshal Davout assigned with special recommendations of the emperor. together about 3. Tiedemann 8 Guns half British missile battery . and encamped on September 15 hard East Dannenberg.Lieutenant v. riding battery. riding Russian German battery . Pécheux had come to Lüneburg. 1 battalion of the 105th light Regiment). Davout command. he went over the bridge of the ship. and move forward on Lüneburg learned wallmoden in his bivouac at Dömitz. 6 cannons. after Hitzacker to March and if possible to prevent the completion of a bridge in Dömitz. with the intention. On the 15th he pushed back the Cossacks on the whole line. Its strength should be 5.Lieutenant of Strangways Together: 8 squadrons.2.000 men. Cossacks posted on Dahlenburg soon noticed the coming of the enemy on Oldendorf.was true but the rest. . Its officers and non-commissioned officers were excellent. 6 guns 2. In the still of the night. In addition to only 80 riders. steeled in Napoleon's battles. Captain Kuhlmann. His outpost was occupied by the edge of the forest to Metzingen. Pécheux had a mounted battery to 6 guns. he stood.Pécheux had only 5 battalions (4 battalions of the 3rd line Regiment.000 man . On the 14 evening. infantry and some cavalry.

the avant-garde was pushed above still evening Lüg Gau. still beat the enemy. Metzingen occupied a strong position. his entire Corps in a floor sink South Sarvesh provided on 16 September morning wallmoden. From the determined actions of the French against the eastern edge of the Göhrde their intention of further advance against Dannenberg inferential. Succeeded. so you could meet a maybe in time enough yet in Dömitz. is attacked in 2 columns. The a column under General v. wallmoden was following command: "The enemy that faces Oldendorf in the Göhrder forest itself and maybe behind same in position. in which an energetic push of Davout on the right bank of the Elbe against Dömitz could bring him and the weak of the Stecknitz left behind troops. While he was aware of the danger. 1 km west of Dannenberg. . and could be warned in the concern. however. Pécheux.Wallmodens Cossacks went back to Metzingen. wallmoden had to decide finally to the March on Oldendorf. 12 Noon. The French inspired not but.

it hits any enemy or only the items that so penetrates through. To reverse it was launched. The threat against chased Pécheux now to his main forces and directed the immediate occupation of the position reinforced by some field fortifications on the height of 89 Southwest Lakare probably. Pécheux not expected but with a so far collecting ring and left it vacant. Arentsschildt broke up and reached the forest against 2¼ hours on Riebrau. 300 metres east were the 4 other guns. and the avant-garde on the straight road from Dannenberg to Lüchow before. he had to go another 7 miles up to the Forester's lodge Röthen. where Graf wallpaper wear itself. The main column had to walk 7 kilometres to the north end of the forest less and would have to compete therefore 1½ hours later. supported by Cossack swarms. The right wing lost although overview through the Pine Grove. The Cossacks pull first the forest right completely work around him. the attack so he had to look for possible quick end to come. hard West was a Pine Grove. forest and hunting lodge Northwest through the forest before. Comp.m. The ridge is quite wide.Arentsschildt is left the main road about Riebrau against the forest. The left flank of the French position was secured as a result. connects the distant attack but the other column. the cavalry and artillery under General von Dörnberg oppose to the left flank of the enemy. without serious resistance. The outpost battalion initially personally led by Pécheux withdrew recently obstacles at basically meadow South of the hunting lodge on Oldendorf. In the Directorate as the Cossacks. The forest is only weakly occupied. the Metzingen in outpost company supplied the edge of the forest and penetrated. comes out when Forester's lodge Röthen. too late. A short time later you heard Cannon thunder from the area of Boizenburg. From there. To assist the General Lyon follows. This Lübener Bachgrund formed a pretty significant barrier notwithstanding the paralleling the nearby watercourse through his swampy margins and was to go on the road. 2 Guns were at this altitude. To secure his line of retreat on Lüneburg he put 2 . The battalions were at or slightly behind the line of guns. To 2½ hours reached Tettenborns infantry replaced the forest. the plan. so that one up over the Lübener has an exquisite. right opposes the likely position of the enemy and probably cut him retire on Dahlenburg. almost glacis-like shot Bachgrund by low going back but completely against view by its front edge and flat fire is covered. such as in the Plan are marked (French battle reports are missing)." 12¼ P. while the infantry of the avant-garde is attacking him. could so probably not occur before 4 o'clock there in the open. The other column. so all troops regroup beyond to attack. Now you probably expected a long resistance of the French in the forest and was therefore already after about an hour. which wallmoden in unpleasant ways was reminiscent of the vulnerable situation of his troops abandoned right of the Elbe.

A precipitous attack of the Lützow infantry and the Empire ash Hunter had no better success. Until now. and there was not much. now he took the opportunity for a successful attack to come. You miss the influence of higher troop control. Major von Lützow himself not more usable was severely wounded his regiment for the other day. At the same time the Cavalry Division sought to Thorn Hill via Dübbekold to the northern corner of the forest around the battle field. Against half you threw back 4: 00 Hunter the French outpost battalion from forming the northern edge of the Göhrde border ditch with the bayonet on the main position in Tettenborns avant-garde of the top marching Lützow and Empire ash.he threw himself on the French riders. It was 4 o'clock. so Tettenborns troops had can be destroyed completely. Meanwhile Lyon infantry marched so. To facilitate the withdrawal of the beleaguered battalion. had been cut off with big losses. real battle started.000 metres) and Pécheux his troops to better cover temporarily moved back behind the height. and then on the outpost battalion itself. This made loin and forced a full loss retreats the Lützow by his fire. the 80 French horsemen hunters against the border trench had revealed riding. Lützow had held some time in the edge of the forest with his horsemen. the foot battery Wiering before the forest remained standing first aufgeprotzt left of their infantry. Both batteries had little effect. Tettenborns avant-garde with 2 battalions had led the infantry fight alone and already significant losses.without the 4th Squadron. because the distance was too large (1. The Division of Lyons had to follow on the foot Tettenborns troops. both flanks of the same. at their peak the 3rd Hussars of the German Legion under Maj. only the first gun train . as it is indicated in the Plan . who quickly declined. The attempt with the declining French battalion at the same time the enemy main position to penetrate. The other columns were not in time for the job. had snapped but at the Jagdschloss half an hour. Holtz er Mann's Legion infantry was in the 2nd meeting. which now covered the driving of the Hanseatic battery Spoormann . to make only clean the forest by the avant-garde. A howitzer carelessly far advanced by the French probably dropped the Lützowern as the only prize in the hands to better effect in the foreland. Kalani. which had the task. and now was with the biggest rush back to. 2 Squadrons of the regiment hunted with the horsemen battery Kuhlmann at a gallop on the column of Lyon over. With 4 squads . Since the cannon thunder of now driven battery Spoormann of Oldendorf here echoed against 3¾ hours. individually to stop acting out columns so long existed forces to attack out of the forest until sufficient here.grenadier companies after Oldendorf and a small Department after calibration village. when arrived at last new troops on the battle field. the battery ran right by the Hanseatic and immediately opened fire against the French position.

Outstripped by 12 fresh battalions on all sides. the there posted grenadier companies sought to involve itself and strengthened the weak crew of oak village. Here. The 3rd Hussar regiment was after 4 o'clock. than to take the deduction on calibration village with his still unshakable 5 battalions. because already the troops of the Russian German Division arrived in Arentsschildts bypass scow. As now noon 4¼ the Russo German infantry under Lieutenant-Colonel v. Even before the wing pull-forward was finished. the enemy. the first to attack. Lieutenant Wöhler of the Halkett's Brigade Brigade Lieutenant assigned to. bypassed by numerous Cavalry in the back. After 4: 00 the thorn mountain Cavalry Division had . as General von Dörnberg came up and demanded a Squadron for an attack against the closed dating back just by the Lübener Bach reason French battalion. First. See do not escape to their declaration in an attempt. Was but his retreat. battery Sympher missiles battery Tiedemann. the fire of the Russian German battery Scheele from a position South Röthen made palpable. then left onto off Lübener why. their effect for the specified reasons shall only low Pécheux decided given before his position increasingly developing superiority too late. Biela please post and certain his Squadron. which had . da Pécheux ' situation was become desperate truly. nothing was left him. the horses got stuck in the swampy terrain. Southeast of the missile battery. Would now von wallmoden a thorough General bombardment from more remote places been made. Here is also the attack of the 3rd Hussars Regiment of the Legion to be expected. Biela in disarray.under Lieutenant Dehnel was sent forward and fired without special effect against the returning battalion. Estorff Hussars were immediately except the rockets 30 guns in action. if major would have determined the foremost Squadron. Biela full combat zeal threw himself on the enemy. however. could work out difficult under the fire of the enemy slowly and had back. disintegrated but the fire of the battalion. The rest of the squad was followed before breaking Rittmeister v. so we see here that in itself admirable fighting zeal led individual units to a single attack that barely promoted the success of the whole. proceeded with the Brigade Wardenburg against Oldendorf. Schack in the free appeared. the right wing of the Horseman couldn't get through. threatened by a strong artillery. It would have been the most natural. it was divided the battery zugweise and d ' Huvelé of Martin. the French had to resist a comprehensive attack of infantry coming soon no longer. As a determining influence in the higher leadership not to days occurs but in the whole history of the battle. Immediately. gave the ambitious ride master v. He. The ride passed across the Dahlenburger road. front the 5th Squadron. Pécheux realized that he no longer can take his retirement about Oldendorf. Kalani. with the Brigade Natzmer right over the moor to Lyon drew himself.reached the battlefield order: 3rd Hussars.

fought with varying success and Pécheux led further to the East to bring his line of retreat. But now came the Hussars in devastating fire of infantry. held. undertaken with not quite 3 squadrons had to lead to destruction. animated Plackerfeuer what gave reason to again turn out. Had it remained in the attack against a single battalion. Some French jumped out the column. The 2nd and 3rd Squadron had joined the attack without orders. a number to collect Hussars and the repeated attack against this battalion of backward to bring. Great hunting through animals into. Pécheux had to close his battalions at imminent risk of überritten in columns together so that they reject enemy attacks were also without loin education. The remnants of the 1st. on the battlefield in the direction Röthen to. but then again had back and makeshift gathered North of the Steinker Hill. The attack but against the still not shaken infantry level. At the same time the Halkett brigades with the battalions of Bennigsen and Langrehr. Particularly successful. (See map. which could have no result despite of all heroic bravery. Saber against bayonet for a while. wallmoden gave the order to move to common assault. The fire forced the Hussars continued in the guns to ride completely through and then East to turn out. Hugo's Hussars followed their guide only to the part fought in defeated scuffle. bayonet wounds to make kill him. Here came the Hussars protecting divisions of the 1st Russian German battalion and were probably for enemies. at times. Several Hussars and horses were already wounded.) Now. the horse battery had been this Scheele under the leadership of Lieutenant Monhaupt from changing positions. which avoided marshy place and came over straight roaring off 15 step on the loin on the main position. continually bombarded. but hopeless companies. The ongoing fire of a battalion on the French left wing now led the Rittmeister v. 2nd and 3rd Squadron behind the French position is gathered only with difficulty. there succeeded a likewise deposed Hussars Schrader. Rittmeister v. It was a heldenmütiges. you maybe could have success. when finally the fire was hampered by the officers of the battalion. Hugo. Martin with the battalions were to half 6 o'clock Anhalt and BremenVerden and Natzmer with the 1st and 2nd Russian German battalion on the decisive . Most of the horses was sideways when the attack broke out.formed loin in full relaxation. The French horsemen hunters were expelled and rode through the guns at the height of their covering had fled. Hugo chased 50 step before his Hussars on the battalion started. out work under his horses and his mortally wounded officer after backward to bring in safety. Thus ended this first ride of German Hussars Regiment. but schwerverwundet broke down before same. The Russian German Division had now by Röthen Oldendorf and oak village strongly before. Biela schwerverwundet collapsed before the loin. and chased right and left same past.

At the same time with Pécheux.) Towards the middle of the attack less was happy. The simultaneous action of the Haubitzzuges of the battery Wiering under Lieutenant Wöhler until directly at the enemy had effectively supported the attack. 16 ammunition wagons and 1 portable forge the allies in the hands. from where he was brought back on a Panda of the train d ' Huvelé to the meeting point of the German battery in safety. which is going on in the height of the already supporting battalions under Lieutenant d ' Huvelé and shoots with grape shots at the enemy. Wallmoden was also dearly bought his victory with the loss of 32 officers and 306 . Cossacks and some Estorff Hussars continued the pursuit until bar camp. About 6 o'clock at a breaking dawn. had fallen 1 Eagles. Pécheux. and it was here Monhaupts artillery to thank that Pécheux had to withdraw after Kovahl finally instead on Oak village of Breese in the main.attack against the enemy position. French officials with their funds had left lung in the right feeling that they are no longer safe from now on on the left banks. the rockets and artillery fire for a while. attributed the debris of his troop about Bleckede to Lüneburg. the German rider share their blows and revenge as the large losses in their first attack. while 170 Hussars under Captain Jack. the 2 horses under the body had been shot. In addition. including 700-800 wounded. The German Hussars declined this his last guns and ammunition wagons the enemies at a substantial loss. At the same time. Walking. Halkett and Bennigsen led überritten to increase the confusion still again collected parts of the 3rd Hussars and Cossacks their troops. Only the attack of the Halkett's Brigade against the left wing of the enemy succeeded in completely. His loss was about 400 man dead.500 men. Here he reached after strenuous night marches in the morning. and blow it apart. The Hussar Heymann is lucky in the break-in at the column to capture the French General Milczynski and backward to bring. (The charge of the Brigade Halkett is the subject of a major by Professor Jordan in Hanover of carried out mural for the patriotic Museum in Celle. the 3 first squads of Germans riding on against the back of the French Hussars. subject itself to horses.100 men trapped. that the French guns threw down and flooded back into wild escape. broke up again after a short break and marched via Winsen after the Zollenspieker and crossed the Elbe. 6 guns. Pécheux can have returned only to 1. which now have joined forces behind the French column. were the French in full retreats and Monhaupts were pursued only by the Legion battery Sympher. with such cutting into the enemy. it manages to throw the enemy. 1. With rage and exasperation. At least Arentsschildts was failed attack against the right wing of the French. and only through the excellent attitude of a turn of the Hanoverian foot battery Wiering.

he felt no need. the lieutenants Brüggemann. To a follow-up with infantry. as well as the Kornet Cremer. his concerns were so widely scattered that he had with his troops on the left bank of the Elbe on the 17th against Lüneburg proceed Tettenborn. As a result of the composition of the half battalion Holtz er man of 5 battalions the evidence is unwise battalion and separated not for events. and v. During the whole campaign. the other officers later). who himself had been shortly before embarking to Wismar as opponents in a heavy Sabre duel against two comrades. As you on September 17 morning buried the dead. Fire management and setting had been complicated. the moral effect of the entire artillery. as it rained heavily during the night. Rittmeister von Biela and Kornet Cremer found death on the battle field. By forays against Hanover. also. that by the target hardly knowing had been. Humboldt.horses and 526 man.) The foot battery Wiering had only 1 horse lost the two horsemen batteries of the Legion 1 upper scorcher and 11 men wounded. particularly the train d ' Huvelé. The half battalion Holtz er man had stood in the reserve and therefore apparently to only lament the loss of the Ensign Baron le Fort of the 1st line battalion. Hugo (Rittmeister v. 7 Chief. The 17th morning message that Davout was driven only a weak investigation against Boizenburg on the 16th and had been rejected by the Lützow received wallmoden in the hunting lodge to the Göhrde. 66 men and 87 horses wounded. 8 officers. was that that soon no longer able to run Bremen with the main army in Saxony directly . Ensign le Fort of the 1st line battalion died on September 16 at his wound. must is estimated highly. The wounded had to be left behind from lack of carriages on the battlefield which was so distressing. His special recognition expressed in his general order of 17 September the entire artillery wallmoden. 14 Male and 59 horses were dead. This. (Information on losses of the half battalion Holtz er man are not found. of which 4 officers and 9 men soon succumbed to their wounds. v. Baker. both. There were mortally wounded: the Rittmeister v. The 4 wounded officers were Oehlkers Rittmeister Heise. However. that the entire artillery of the allies had had relatively little effect and the most injuries from Sabre blows and bayonet stitches brought were a testament to the large distances and the bad conditions of the observation showed. five horses were killed and 8 wounded. The 3rd Hussar Regiment of the Legion had the greatest losses of all military units. Hugo died in the night of 16/17 September in the district. and v. Bremen and to the North Sea Tettenborn endangered Davout rear connections then in the near future so. because the troops were exhausted and had expected large marches the next day to make. He had therefore his Corps in the northern edge of the forest gather and then refer bivouacs near the hunting Castle. smoke and powder steam so close before the batteries had stored.

the Eingelebtsein officers and crews in the wider context." The value of the victory lay in the insulation of Hamburg. With his main forces. September 24): "EW. which to conceal the French administration had given out all sorts of trouble. wallmoden then continued (Dömitz. In the already mentioned General ordre (Dannenberg. considered in detail. Royal Highness very be connected. Had Colonel Lieutenant Halkett and Martin at the top of their Brigade distinguished themselves particularly. In a report to the Duke of Cambridge. from now on Davout from any active participation in the operations of the large army holding TV. as he in the evening received report on the 18th French troop build-up at Zarrentin. have continually fought against a majority of minorities.). which now became an outposts. 19 across the Elbe. The explanation for this is that the big superiority nowhere is brought to bear and that. But this escaped with half of his Corps after excellent valiant defence. wallmoden attended the 17th according to Dannenberg and. the Legion artillerists to tactically correctly and successfully used single foot battery Wiering provided the main contingent. a tactical situation and to act accordingly and the discipline to subordinate General. which especially must flatter him. September 17) the 3rd Hussar Regiment is the Royal particularly excellent German Legion. rarely a force has fought brave like in the battle of the Göhrde. correctly understanding the ability of the officers. if you want to witness the major Brückmann Höchstdero satisfaction. that she won victories has contributed not a little. What was missing was the training of the large Association. and would I EW. so many perfectly intelligent and war-experienced officers were United as in the wallmoden's Corps. Given the significant superiority of the allies on all military branches would have to expect a complete destruction of the 3. The French Empire in Hanover was shaken. 24 September. "In a few units of the allies. because it "had such excellent share at the honor of the day yesterday". that it was the only major battle in the campaign on the lower Elbe. The Royal German Legion had Honorable share this first success on German soil. deign. again German Lüneburg. The significance of the meeting of the Göhrde is been exaggerated somewhat in contemporary literature explaining to it. so the selfsacrificing stance of German Hussars above reproach was sublime.000 men under Pécheux.with France only about Stade -. the mounted battery Sympher tracking collaborated ("even of the artillery under the leadership of majors Banik do I let happen to justice. Royal Highness I'm connected to notice that the 3rd Hussars Regiment the . Dömitz. and a newspaper founded by Tettenborns officers there supplied all the lands of the North Sea until the resin with the true reports about the victories of the German weapons." Wallmoden to the Duke of Cambridge.

" The emperor has let to the decoration of the place transfer nine gun barrels from the artillery depot in Magdeburg. Hussars. 1906 at the monument. however. the experiences of Legion troops . decided to take the monument under his supervision and care. the motto "Göhrde" was awarded the 3rd Hussars and artillery.half battalion Holtz er man. noncommissioned officers and crews of the regiment. two terraces. in which about 1. an iron Panel is now attached with the inscription: "To commemorate the victorious battle of the Göhrde on 16 September 1813. . the other on lorries fitted at the corners and in the middle of the terrace. The land behind the Avenue are transformed by planting tree groups to friendly parks. A floor space of some morning was purchased and fenced by a spruce hedge. a lasting and Honourable memory of German soldier loyalty in difficult times! The memory is held by a monument at the Steinker Hill to the battle. To the Memorial itself. equipped with wide stairs rise from erratic boulders." Major Kalani it received the following letter from the Duke Adolph Friedrich of Cambridge (London. has covered the regiment with fame." More events at the Wallmoden's Corps on the lower Elbe until the December of 1813 The other campaign on the lower Elbe offers little important for the history of the Legion and it is practicable so to represent him to obtain a clear overview only in broad terms. Please accept my warmest thanks and communicated it to the officers.400 warriors participated. On the occasion of the return of the memorial day a celebration ward held on September 16.Royal German Legion under leadership of major Kalani particularly noted on this day. From the road. The district North Hanover of the Prussian War er Association occasionally someday warrior in Hitzacker. The Hanoverian courier of September 16. 9 to Metz and the field artillery regiment von Scharnhorst (1 drop) again. a handsome Maple Avenue leads to the monument. In between are iron pillar built and connected the whole thing by a chain from the pillars to the guns. On the monuments themselves. Two gun barrels crowned with Eagles are perpendicular to the sides of the staircase. This stone landmark contained the inscription: 16 IX. The loss of thereof is unfortunately not as Höchstdieselben to see will deign from the adjacent list. The monument is built to commemorate the victorious battle of the Göhrde. 1906 described the monument as follows: An unadorned stone obelisks "If you aspired to the Göhrdewald a few years ago on the road from Dahlenburg here. you saw behind the village Oldendorf on a Heidhügel scrub of load of-covered." As a special and lasting recognition. October 17): "Lieutenant-General count wallmoden-Gimborn sent me about your and reported of the 3rd Hussars Regiment's that day you brave stance in the battle of the Göhrde. dedicated by the District of North Hanover of the Prussian War er Association. 10 risen now to the helmets of the 1st Hanoverian Dragoon Regiment No. 1813. This Dragoon was carried until 1866 the regiment Duke of Cambridge to Celle and blind artillery to Wunstorf and no.

Cyr. Boizenburg. Wallmoden. rejoined the old Ministry of work. Here is a failed foray of General von Dörnberg with 6 battalions. Wallmodens troops remained standing during the October in Kantonierungen between Lübeck. Germany to Holland or. Szczecin and Cüstrin were still in the hands of the French. (The 1st were on a major exploration Commission against Harburg in the beginning of November involved squadron of the German Legion Hussars been. On November 4th the Duke with the jubilation of the population intruded its in Hanover. Did he not hide himself.battery overriding 1st and 2nd foot battery Wiering . All attempts of the Crown Prince of Sweden. too weak to a violent action against the now daily more reinforced Hamburg. 30 rider see Rittmeister von Goeben had while in a skirmish near Winsen on November 3 distinguished themselves. which Barakat horse artillery was involved with Lieutenant v. A simultaneous operation of General von Vegesack against Ziethen failed also. to complete the defenses from Hamburg to possibility. if this not possible. Davout had learned the outcome of the great battle of Leipzig from leaflets of the allies and left Ratzeburg now hastily.) Davout hesitated to leave the position at Ratzeburg unnecessarily far forward . to count 2 squadrons and 2 batteries. Wittenberg and Magdeburg. Cumberland. since it was already too late. As Davout on 11 November for the first time since August 18 a direct message received by the Grand Army. a harbinger of the restoration of an independent Hanover Corps on 29 October to Hamada before the Duke Ernst v. On October 22. it would most benefit the thing of his Emperor when he added his 25. already on the Weser. There was also the possession of the wealthy Hanseatic City in any peace negotiations as more important than indeed Dresden. and the Duke of Cambridge took over the reins of the country as Governor-General.but only as an aside to handle 3. and Dömitz. to the offensive from its strong position in Ratzeburg Davout. stating that he retreat under abandonment a strong crew in Hamburg. should go to Hamburg. lost five men and 8 horses. Gdańsk. had to confine itself to tire the opponent by enterprises of the small war and weaken. Schade was wounded on October 6 against Büchen. to leave the Hanseatic City the whole left bank of the Elbe was penetrated Tettenborn in the possession of the allies. were unsuccessful. For the individual history of the troops sufficient sources at its disposal are available except for the half battalion Holtz er man.000 French of the weakened army of Napoleon. Torgau. and a command from November 1 from Mainz through mediation of the General Carra St. A parade of the entire Wallmodenschen interrupted the monotonous occupation of the camp. on the other hand the Hamburg's detention in all circumstances had been worn on him and it was very doubtful whether a retreat of the occupation of Hamburg after Holland was possible at the intrusion of the allies against the Rhine.

that he will soon vacate this position.000. of VI Russian corps of count Strogonow (about 8. but for dynastic purposes of the Swedish Crown Prince.000). On the night of 13 November. the Russian III. the Crown Prince of Sweden about Hanover .000 men). Meanwhile.Ülzen . the German troops of wallmoden's corps had to help him. Hesse Oldesloe. the Freikorps Lützow and the Cossack Brigade Tettenborn. and Alexander of the first policy had finally opted for Sweden and pushed into Denmark in the Alliance with Napoleon. so it arose by itself.had arrived on November 24 with stronger forces at Boizenburg in the intention to include Hamburg and Harburg and . Sweden asked but even then the Norway associated with Denmark as a price for its accession. The fight on the lower Elbe hereby totally loses his previous character. To do this. and Lübeck.under the changed conditions. Not for liberation of Germany is more gefochten. Army Corps count Woronzow (over 7.Celle . He had. He threw into himself with his troops to Hamburg. that the Danes could also no longer keep now assigned section of Mölln to the Lake and had to seek to take the connection with their homeland via Lübeck and Rendsburg. the wallmoden's Corps. declined the French behind the Stecknitz. The Danes went back under the Prince Friedrich v. Immediately let Bernadotte by the Corps complete Vorontsov Hamburg on the right bank of the Elbe. which he wore on the inclusion of Harburg.000). which here has a favourable opportunity to fall upon the national enemies of his adoptive homeland and to snatch them under utmost Swedish blood in Norway. Davout not waited an attack against his line at the Stecknitz. The Holstein campaign of 1813-14 • The battle of Sehestedt on 10 December 1813 • . It should be borne in mind that Denmark had been didn't averse in the spring of 1813.Bremen .thus a threat by Davout secured – against the Danes to proceed against Lüneburg. the Swedish Army Corps of field marshal count Stedingk (18. to put on the side of the allies. moreover interrupt the connection between Hamburg and Lübeck by Taggart and began his Holstein campaign against the Danes with 35. Davout his troops informed but equal. left its positions on the 1st of December and reached the 3rd after minor losses of his rearguard by the Cavalry of the Hamburg created a strong fortress to Vorontsov now.

Bremen-Verden. German Legion Lüneburg Hussars 2.General v.General v. Arentsschildt 1St Brigade . Russian German riding battery 1 (Russian German) Division . after he had collected his Corps between Ratzeburger see and Stecknitz on December 3. The wallmoden's corps had the following divisions: Avant-garde . Dornberg Light Hanoverian Brigade .Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Halkett The advance against the Danes was such that the Crown Prince himself on Lübeck went wallmoden on Germany. Kielmansegges Hunter 2Nd Brigade 3rd and 4th Russian German battalion 1 Russian German Hussars 3Rd Hussars Kgl.Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Battalions of Lüneburg.

34 guns. 1 Mecklenburg. as the Crown Prince of Sweden rejected any negotiation to win the desperate decision in link March behind the Eider Canal Rendsburg and sustain these important military training his Kings.Lieutenant-Colonel Halkett Battalions of Lauenburg.000 man. it thereby complementing on approximately 14. pushed by the Sweden sharp. 1813 This movement had to lead to the clash with Wallmoden. to cut off the Danes of Rendsburg. reached Kiel and covered well. he sent his excess guns to Friedrichsort. The battle of Sehestedt on December 10. The advance against the Danes was in the way that the Crown Prince had reached. Langrehr. Russian German Hussars Bremen Verden Hussars 1 and overriding 2nd battery of Kgl. 1 Hanseatic Brigade). a part of his riffraff to Eckernförde and marched along about 9. Lübeck and retreated to Segeberg. Bennigsen. Wallmoden arrived on the 6th before Oldesloe. since it was considered. 8 guns and 8 squadrons) sparked off by the same and followed the Corps wallmoden. but was retained by the Crown Prince was assigned to. whereupon the there ordering Lallemand acknowledged the city and with the Prince Friedrich of Hesse United via Segeberg. (German) Division . North of the Eider Canal to Rendsburg with 14 battalions. 12 squadrons. Wallmoden same road used.1St. the tracking on the great road to Kiel leaving the Sweden. Prince Friedrich of Hesse had. German Legion 1 Russian German riding battery Also the Swedish Division under General von Vegesack (1 Swedish. 2nd. Dornberg pursued on the road to Neumünster. On the 9th. 5th battalion 2Nd Brigade 6th and 7th Battalion 1 Foot battery 2. before Wallmodens coming to Germany on the night of December 6 abandoned its local position of on December 5.000 men. meanwhile. which penetrated of . German Legion Foot battery Wiering Cavalry Division 2. learned the move out of the Danes and sent further avant-garde under thorn Hill immediately against Segeberg them.General Lyon Hanoverian line Brigade . Dessau and Half battalion Holtz er man of the Kgl. Only the Hanseatic Brigade (2 battalions.

Dornberg arranged the March of GR. roads both to Rendsburg leading before troops. Wittensee. . Although rifle fire from Habye North Sehestedt sounded across during the Assembly of troops. only in thought. crossed Osterrade and reached with the tip just Sehestedt. and the collector Gr. and now after reversed Gr. where he gathered his troops. they went over the bridge from Cluvensiek. he ordered but the move and moved without leaving the cause of gun fire. Wittensee. causes some of his troops to plunder. The 3rd Hussar regiment was taken 2½ squads on Groß Wittensee and had sent patrols against Eckernförde. At Marienthal. The removal of large columns on Eckernförde had quite mad led the General. Wittensee not reached had. still get the Danes on their March to Eckernförde. wallmoden stood with his bulk at Kluvensiek and surrounding area. For December 10th. to cut off the Danes of Rendsburg. already in the fire. came but too late even to access a.Neumünster in Conceivedimmense against Kluvensiek. to be taken prisoner. Wittensee were walking around the Wittensee. on the road to Eckernförde until Marienthal before. Also Wallmodens troops were lined up against 8 o'clock in the morning. The important bridge of Kluvensiek was occupied by the forward troops thorn Hill on December 9. Wallmoden itself was close to it. also the March of Danish ammunition wagons of Eckernförde on Rendsburg. Holtsee on resin Court-Eckernförde continue to move. when they were attacked by the Danish avant-garde of the Prince of Hesse with great severity. The 6th and 7th Russian German battalion and the Hanoverian foot battery Wiering were brought forward in great haste. he learned of a squadron of Russian German Hussars that his assumption was erroneous. before the enemy approach was. after Eckernförde. In the March column. suddenly attacked by Danes at Habye. East on the March after Gr. Wallmoden was received no message from thorn mountain on the move towards of the Danes from Kiel. with the avant-garde in wood Bunge Witten Lake. Northwest Habye small departments of Spike response were to avant-garde. and deducted from further education. succeeded him but still fast with the battalion to occupy Anhalt Sehestedt. 8 o'clock in the morning. In the evening. Any enlightenment which keel failed on the part of the General von Dörnberg.

Sehestedt a fierce battle developed now. . as the Danes had to necessarily have this place if they wanted to keep marching on Rendsburg. Wallmodens troops arrived only slowly from the long column. while the Danes were densely closed up marches.

. of which about 600 prisoners very significantly. the fight came to a stop. At 3: 00 the fight stopped and the Danes moved. from protected by an Arrieregarde under Lallemand. the brave legionnaire. but entrusted him with even the most dangerous items. divided on this day of the avant-garde of Dornberg. The Danes lost only 17 officers and 531 men. they had won. the Danes failed to the bravery of the Danes. It is especially characteristic evidence of warfare of the Crown Prince of Sweden. Northwest Osterrade. The half battalion of the German Legion had to lament the loss of the captain's Holtz er man who was caught with 10 men and the wounding of Lieutenant Macdonald.Thus succeeded the latter to throw back the forces of the allies of Sehestedt on Osterrade about 10 o'clock to remove 2 guns and a number of prisoners on them. Lucky city was bombed by the 26th of December and only surrendered on January 5. Here also the half battalion of the German Legion under Holtz er man lineup had taken under other battalions. again taking Sehestedt. Also the Danish fortifications Friedrichsort and Glückstadt by Swedish troops had now been included. the largest March effort seemed to not only the Wallmodenschen Corps.) The battle of Sehestedt made yielding against the peace proposals of the Danes the Crown Prince. niederhieb the front rider with his short curved sword. because the German Legion. The horsemen batteries of the Legion. their superiority and advance time. All attempts. A biweekly truce was first closed on December 15 while the wallmoden's Corps watched the fortress of Rendsburg. undisturbed to Rendsburg. this thorn Hill to restore the connection and to move the March to Rendsburg. Wallmoden had to go back behind the channel. The losses of the Corps of wallmoden in this battles were 1. the German Gunners lost 2 men from this fortress. About further losses. it is not particularly emerged. namely 42 officers. did not come to intervene. information are not available for the already stated reasons.129 man. and still on top of the promised Division robbed the General Vegesack. (Follow-up to the very interesting operations before December 10 and during the battle at Sehestedt has to fail is the author here unfortunately. The flag of the battalion Lauenburg would have been almost in the hands Fünenscher Dragoons as Lieutenant-Colonel Hugh Halkett. The mishap of the Corps of wallmoden in Sehestedt must be regarded as a totally undeserved. 2 Howitzers of blind Legion artillery Lieutenant Bacon man and 2 of battery Wiering under the Lieutenant Dehnel and Wöhler were sent against the latter.

the Hussars and Osterholz Scharmbeck. which Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden. at the end of the truce the Danes still not wanted to agree to the Swedish conditions. Rügen and the immediate evacuation of Holstein were entitled to received. this with the British and Hanoverian troops on the 21st on the ice between Blankenese and Borstel North Buxtehude and step now .after a few days of rest in quarters at Buxtehude . causing a new ice situation was formed in severe cold conditions in and over the straw. From their quarters. Wallmodens Corps remained until January 17 at Neumünster. They no longer came to a warlike use. was then on the Elbe.). For Bernadotte was the conclusion of this peace of just yet to right time. Dehnel writes about this Elbe transition: "The crossing over the river Elbe up against Glückstadt down with ice-covered was for several days this specially prepared. The Legion was only Captain Jasper to the lead of foot battery Wiering in the . they departed on 15 February and mid March. in whose wake the individual riding horses in the distance in a row on this fragile way over the wide power take more than an hour to see something would later occurring thaw here made the transition almost to the blockades of Harburg. 1814. in which the immediate posting of wallmoden's Corps was called and threatened with setting another Subsidium payments if the Crown Prince did not immediately move up to joint warfare against Napoleon to Holland. marched off to Holland with the blockade of Harburg. the fine Beatitudes on the new began and now only a ceasefire on 9 led to the Treaty of Kiel (January 14. on the day before a very determined held touch of England had entered the. 1814). you had side by side produced several cars." We have here not to deal with us as Hussars and the two horsemen batteries the command were the 3rd increasing Graham's Corps before Antwerp and after some weeks of rest in quarters in Bremen. but still very annoying and not were to happen without danger. that had covered the ice rink foreseen from with straw and again sprinkled it with water. it granted a peculiar spectacle our hauled on the sledge similar documents used guns and powder car. In fact. where a few months later the whole corps of wallmoden again found himself together reached Holland. Helgoland in England and only Swedish Pomerania (June 4 Denmark Swedish Pomerania against Lauenburg to Prussia traded.The Holstein campaign of 1813-14 • Termination of the Holstein campaign and let's go to Holland • On January 5. In this way.

allocated the 5th laid during this time to Hanover foot company. 1814 . Carnot in Antwerp: there were three Shining stars in the darkened sky of Napoleonic war glory! The service the German Legion gave was finished with the Holstein campaign.) Mid-April was replaced by Russian militia from Harburg and now also moved to the Netherlands via Bremen. Only on May 31. until he finally received the full certainty on Napoleon's fall and the recognition of the Bourbons from Paris. to the Legion. Royal during the Hanoverian new formations of the year 1813 as the root for the new Hanoverian army on that day in Hannover sold came over and instead of the previously mentioned English badges that her country applied. that blew the French flag by displaying and Hamburg's ramparts still undefeated. . "The fortification and defense of this city is one of the militarily most important and most interesting achievements of all time. Should be mentioned. but one of the finest and noblest characters under the Napoleonic marshals is already proven. his special satisfaction with the behavior and the services of the regiment from the regiment". as it was also in the Netherlands and in France Legion troops not to see the fall of Antwerp and Bayonne. Nevertheless the traditional condemnation of Davout in a large part of German history literature continues again and again. Davout held the fortress. removing Hamburg during the war . The remaining Corps of Wallmoden did not triumph.Russians under Bennigsen moved into the hard tested Hanseatic City. and a regrettable mistake went under in this regard even a Moltke in his last Reichstag speech. As General Lyon (wallmoden itself was already on February 26 with the Russo German Legion and the Kielmanseggeschen hunters from Bremen to the Netherlands marched off. no longer able to be personally to say goodbye." (That has been Davout by no means "the executioner of Hamburg". Still located at foot battery Wiering Legion members were now a sufficient number of trained artillerymen was available.) Davout in Hamburg. The Legion infantry of Holtz er Manns remained in Bremerlehe and erected a promotional for the Legion. rigour and perseverance. Thouvenot in Bayonne. also like you have written so much opposite this. are enough in objective to recognize these properties even when the opponents for military energy.on the anniversary of the occupation of Hamburg by Taggart . Marshal Davout to glory that fadeth not away. 1814. they submitted. all other Legion officers resigned on February 1. In brave hand. that when leaving the 3rd pronounced wallmoden Hussars from his Corps in an order of the day "with regret. but only in the eyes of those who have sense and understanding.Corps of wallmoden.

Fate that placed the Royal German Legion against the great God of battles .From the confusing plethora of far from the sole proprietorships we enter now into the massive transmission of a historical campaign. and the fame acquired in the Spanish wars proved their worth beyond doubt! .they gained immortality in battle. in the blood-soaked fields of Waterloo.though few in number .

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