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THE

MUFON UFO JOURNAL


NUMBER 161 JULY 1981

Founded 1967 $1.50


lOFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, INC.i

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The MUFON
UFO JOURNAL 1
FROM THE EDITOR
(USPS 002-970) The Boston MUFON Symposium is now history (a major
103 Oldtowne Rd. event), and the next large conference is that of the Center for UFO
Studies (CUFOS) in Chicago, September 25-27. It has been an
Seguin, Texas 78155
extraordinary year for UFO meetings in the U.S., and a healthy sign
RICHARD HALL that serious researchers are actively seeking better organization,
Editor new approaches, and improved information-sharing.
In that spirit, we propose mutual cooperation among all UFO
ANN DRUFFEL
Associate Editor groups and private investigators to form cross-group Documenta-
tion Teams (see article this issue) to concentrate on compiling
LEN STRINGFIELD thoroughly documented case books of significant case types.
Associate Editor Persons with training or experience in the disciplines relevant to
each of these case types are requested to work together to assure
MILDRED BIESELE
Contributing Editor thorough investigation and full documentation of significant cases
in each category. The resulting compilations would be a challenge
to science and national opinion-makers.
WALTER H. ANDRUS
Director of MUFON
TED BLOECHER In this issue
DAVE WEBB
Co-Chairmen, NORTH CAROLINA UFO CONFERENCE 3
Humanoid Study Group By Richard Hall
PAULCERNY UFO DOCUMENTATION 4
Promotion/Publicity By Richard Hall
REV. BARRY DOWNING CREDIBILITY OFUFO HYPOTHESIS:ACRITIQUE.. 5
By Virgil Staff
Religion and UFOs
AD PLANE IFOs 7
LUCIUS PARISH By Wayne LaPorte
Books/Periodicals/History OPERATION BLUEBERRY: The Oeydalen Encounter.. 9
\
MARK HERBSTRITT By Ted Bloecher
Astronomy UFO SECRECY UPDATE:"Where to from here?"... .13
By Larry W. Bryant
ROSETTA HOLMES AIRCRAFT AND "AIRCRAFT" 14
Promotion/Publicity
By Robert Wanderer
TED PHILLIPS BOOKREVIEWS 16
Landing Trace Cases LETTERS... 18
JOHN F. SCHUESSLER IN OTHERS'WORDS 19
UFO Propulsion By Lucius Parish
DENNIS W. STACY DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE 20
Staff Writer By Walt Andrus
NORM A E. SHORT
DWIGHT CONNELLY
DENNIS HAUCK
Editor/Publishers Emeritus
The contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL are determined by the editor, and
The MUFON UFO JOURNAL is do not necessarily represent the official position of MUFON. Opinions of
published by the Mutual UFO contributors are their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor, the
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78155.
Seguin, Texas" is included.
""MUFON UFO JOURNAL
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, INC.

WHAT ARE UFOs?

We don't know. Some of the things reported as "UFOs" are balloons, planets, meteors, satellites, stars, adver-
tising aircraft, and the like. The "hard" sightings are yet to be explained: daylight discs, objects with lighted
"portholes," objects simultaneously tracked visually and on radar at fantastic speeds, objects which leave phy-
sical evidence after landing. These "hard" cases cannot currently be explained by anything we now know. It is
in this category of sightings that the serious UFO researcher is attempting to gather additional evidence.

The JOURNAL has access to and publishes UFO sighting reports from all over the world as investigated and
reported by MUFON's international liaison representatives. It has a staff of reporters and columnists second to
none in the UFO publishing field. Guest writers include members of MUFON's Advisory Board of Consul-
tants, most of whom possess doctorates in their respective fields of expertise.

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NORTH CAROLINA UFO CONFERENCE
By Richard Hall

About 100 people attended the


5th Annual MUFON-N.C UFO
Conference held at the Nature
Science Center, Winston-Salem,
N.C., June 20-21. Sponsored by the
Tarheel UFO Study Group, the event
received a large amount of news
media attention. Ray Rhein served
as Master of Ceremonies.
After opening remarks by Jayne
Ware, President of TUSG, and Henry
Morton, N.C. MUFON State Direc-
tor, Allan Hendry was scheduled as
the first speaker. Since he was ill and
unable to attend, Mr. Morton dem-
onstrated the microcomputer tapes
that Mr. Hendry had developed.
They included a UFOMAP of North
Carolina and parts of surrounding
states, containing strategic plots Gayle McBride and her humanoid head sculpture
(military bases, technical facilities)
and identification of investigators
across the state; a MICROCAT cata-
logue of local UFO sightings; and and Brazil on June 14, 1980. The possible answer." He sketched a
IFO guides. Also available is a video- suspicion that the phenomenon had UFO design that might allow use of
tape that allows plotting of astro- been caused by a NASA experiment diamagnetism for propulsion, and
nomical objects for the time and date called "Project Firefly" originally which would emit microwaves and
of a UFO sighting (see notice else- scheduled for mid-June was incor- other electromagnetic radiation as
where with this article). rect, he said, because the experiment has been reported with UFOs. The
was cancelled. features of the hypothetical craft also
Paul Norman, visiting from were applied to other commonly re-
Victoria, Australia, gave an update ported effects from UFOs, includ-
on the Frederick Valentich case, in ing light patterns and an ozone smell.
which the young pilot disappeared Wayne La Porte presented an up-
on October 21,1978 over Bass Strait date of his fault zone theory and
after radioing that a UFO was hover- sightings, previously reported in the
ing and maneuvering near his plane. Journal.
The Australian government has re- Speakers on Saturday evening
fused to release the tape of his con- and Sunday included the following:
versation. Witnesses have been Richard Hall on "UFO Docu-
located to establish that Valentich mentation" (see separate summary).
had turned off the coast on the George Fawcett, pioneer UFO
correct course; 15 witnesses have investigator in North Carolina, gave
been found who saw an unexplain- an overview of the UFO field after 30
ed green light over the strait at the years and reviewed case histories
Ray Rhein, M.C. time of the encounter. A photograph and photographs.
of an object seen emerging from the Bernard Haugen, a chemist from
Dr. Willy Smith, a physicist from water 20 minutes before the en- Oxford, N.C., analyzed reports of
Norcross, Georgia, and consultant counter is undergoing analysis. UFOs that indicated them to be
to the Center for UFO Studies, de- An analysis of UFO propulsion aircraft-like objects in certain re-
scribed and showed photographs was presented by Henry Morton, spects, including some that appear-
and sketches of an unusual aerial stressing diamagnetism (a force "op- ed to have some form of rocket
phenomenon seen over Argentina posite" to magnetism) as "one (Continued on next page)
3
(N.C. Conference, Cont.)
UFO DOCUMENTATION
propulsion. He made the important By Richard Hall
point that a one-dimensional view of (Summary of talk presented May 21,
a UFO can be misleading, citing . 1981 at Fifth Annual MUFON of
cases in which objects appeared to North Carolina Conference.)
be round and flat but displayed a
different form after being seen closer
or at different angles.
Rupert Von Fox, a chiropractor
from Clemmons, N.C., gave a per-, UFO documentation is very provides another example of a spe-
sonal report on a sighting of a Saturn- fundamental to what we do as uro- cial problem of documentation. Hav-
shaped UFO during the summer of logists, from accurately identifying ing cooperated with him on a num-
1950 in the Ohio coal fields. newspaper clippings to carefully ber of investigations and having
Sam Jacobson, a hypnotist and recording all aspects of a UFO case seen some of his private documen-
teacher of self-actualization at Wake investigation. Without a carefully tation, I am more aware than most
Forest University, spoke on . the documented body of facts, there is people that he is clearly dealing with
nature of reality and a philosophical no point in trying to theorize about respectable first-hand witnesses or
view of man. UFOs. If we ever expect to have claimants...first-hand to him and
Libby Cocchiarella also discuss- UFOs taken seriously by scientists hearsay to everyone else. His pro-
ed our concepts of reality and the and other important people, we blem is that he was only able to
role of science, raising the question must progress beyond the point of obtain the information in the first
of whether our physical models ac- compiling interesting anecdotes to place by promising anonymity to his
curately describe the universe. the compilation of thoroughly in- sources and he would be violating
The final speaker was Tom vestigated and documented case re- confidences to release all the in-
Deuley, a Navy engineer with train- ports that will command attention. formation he has. His hands are tied
ing in atomic weaponry, and Secre- I personally heard a radio news as far as public documentation; pri-
tary of the Fund for UFO Research. report about a crashed saucer and vately, 1 affirm that the reports are
After a report on grants and other occupants, one said to be still alive, real,'from responsible people, and
Fund projects to date, he spoke on about 1952 while working in a gen- apparently not part of some elabo-
radiation and UFOs. He stressed eral store. Being young and naive in rate hoax since they have trickled
that there is no reason to link UFOs those days, I made little effort to out slowly over the years and often
with radiation nor to assume that document the story beyond listen- obtained only by painstaking detec-
they use atomic propulsion. Radia- ing for additional news (which, of tive work. The accusations made
tion found at UFO sites could come course, never came). I could have about Len Stringfield by disgruntled
from a number of sources and does and should have called the radio Ohio "ufologists" are misguided and
not prove an outer space connection. station, talked with radio wire ser- irresponsible.
If UFOs do emit radiation as some • vice persons, checked newspapers The CIA documents released
component it could be in several in a library, etc. Since I didn't, the under Freedom of Information Act
forms. He explained how to investi- ."story remains only an interesting requests represent still another facet
gate suspected radiation at a UFO anecdote rather than a documented of trying to document UFO history. I
landing site to determine its form report. have read and studied the 892 pages
and possibly also its nature. Since The Roswell Incident book about a and find clear internal evidence to
the talk included important back- 1947 crashed saucer case also pro- show that the CIA is stonewalling in
ground information for investigators, vides an example of poor document- its failure to release its UFO case
it will be printed in a future issue of ation. Though the central story about files. Where are the radar/visual/pi-
the Journal. odd material that fell from the sky lot cases that led the CIA in 1952 to
following an explosion does appear propose to the National Security
to be well documented, the rest of Council a major scientific investiga- "4.
the story does not. The book is tion of UFOs? Where are the files of
"Amateur Astronomy Handbook," a padded with undocumented, al- "finished intelligence reports"
video program for home computers that leged astronaut UFO sightings many maintained on file by the CIA Phy-
can be used to display star, planet, and or most of which have acceptable sics and Electronics Branch, referred
moon positions for the date and time of a conventional explanations. The to in the realeased administrative
UFO sighting, is available from The book also includes unidentified documents? Where are the UFO
Software Exchange, 6 South St., Milford, 1947 newspaper clippings so that sighting cases that I, as a repre-
N.H. 03055 for $14.95 plus $2.50 post- efforts to authenticate them would sentative of NICAP, loaned to the
age and handling. be very difficult. CIA at their request in 1964? The
Len Stringfield's investigations (Continued on next page)
of crashed saucer/retrieval reports
UFO Documentation, Cont THE CREDIBILITY OF UFO HYPOTHESES: A CRITIQUE
By Virgil Staff
CIA UFO case files, no doubt very,
extensive, are being withheld from
the public.
UFO waves come and go, and
Stuart Campbell's article (No. rare unknowns of the third level is to
interest fades after each wave...1947, indicate one's thinking is tied within
1952, 1957, 1966-67, and the last 156, Feb. 1981) apparently is in-
tended to remind ufologists that they a straitjacket.
wave to date, 1973. How can we If it should appear that the phe-
do not understand the source or
break out of the cycle and reach a nomenon is not natural — as de-
meaning of the UFO phenomenon.
new plateau of sustained scientific fined, and not an artifice of man —
and public interest and support? I But this can hardly be reckoned as
very newsworthy to most of us. With then it would seem to be either an
propose that we form cross-group artifice made by someone else, or a
documentation teams, drawing on the exception of numerous contactees
who may live in their own world, series of particulars for which there
skilled investigators and scientists is no comprehension. One may argue
most critically minded ufologists
from all of the UFO groups and which of the two is more difficult to
clearly have not arrived at a conclu-
private individuals, and focus on believe, but with the level of present
sion. In fact, the presence of various
building Case Books of high quality interpretations is to be considered as understanding, there may not be
assembling under one cover the best healthy evidence of a willingness to much agreement. This is our present
information available in at least the peruse the phenomenon in an ab- juncture. In any case, the chart will
following areas: sence of agreement as to what this be inadequate because it may ex-
phenomenon signifies. clude certain possible phenomena,
* Physical traces and artifacts Campbell gently denigrates ufol- and because it makes the leap to
(physical analysis) ogists for their interpretations, but alien levels without it being ap-
* Medical/physiological he provides little data to indicate parent that other factors may require
evidence cases possible justification for limiting inclusion.
* Instrument cases (radar, their views to the upper three levels One of the principal assump-
photographs, E-M effect cases.) of his chart, when there appear to be tions in alien artifice hypotheses is
* Hidden cases (including his- no secure interpretations within not necessarily that alien intelligence
torical documentation) those levels for certain reportable exists but that it has a good chance of
* Abduction reports phenomena. Space does not permit existing. Campbell's statement that
a paragraph by paragraph consider- there is no evidence for the former
ation of Campbell's assumptions. But may be strictly correct, but it ignores
Such Case Books could provide they are rather evenly spread through- the views of a host of scholars who
a powerful new tool in the battle for out the manuscript, and paragraphs lack the arrogance to claim likeli-
recognition of UFOs as an important 12-19 are near-total guesswork. Quot- hood of being alone in the universe.
problem. ing the guesses of others, even when One cannot help wonder if the hos-
There is an old oriental saying these support one's views, does not tility to SETI astronomers does not
that if you only have one tool, and it necessarily increase reliability. arise from their own ETH, thus pro-
is a hammer, you tend to see every Campbell seems to believe that viding certain unintentioned support
problem as a nail. Our basic "tool" is the ETH is the heaviest of those used to the views that ETs could be tech-
UFO reports and our basic problem by ufologists, and he has produced, nologically superior, if not ingeni-
is nonrecognition of their serious on page 9, a chart covering degrees ously mobile. Those, who for their
nature. Part of the problem is our of assumption. Without losing one- own reasons, are inimical to this
own failure to filter out, document, self in Campbell's assumptions re- view, will certainly attempt to locate
and adequately present the solid core garding the nature of science and of present day sightings within the
of information in those reports in a the credible, it can be seen that his chart's Level 3.
way to command attention and res- views would force acceptance of To argue that we are probably
pect. nonsensical identifications into the not the only "intelligence" in the
Allen Hendry in his UFO Hand- third level of his chart, even should universe, may be something of a
book has stressed the importance of present levels of technology be in- presumption, but it seems hardly a
the investigative tools we work with; sufficient to enable comprehension rash one. Most ufologists have no
we now need to sharpen up and of probable alternatives. What certitude regarding alien in-
more clearly focus the best informa- Campbell does not understand is telligence. To be uncertain is
tion we have available as a tool in the that when third-level assumptions
battle for recognition of UFOs and are improbable, then further con-
their potential importance for hu- jecture may be demanded. To hold (Continued on next page)
mankind. that certain phenomena are actually
5
UFO Hypotheses, Cont est reaches of the imagination. In ing and control of given projects are
fact, these explanations have been relevant factors. Where information
commonplace among the detractors, is not released to the public, and the
more honest, in the possible absence but they do not convince the increas- citizenry are not taken into their
of sufficient corroborating data, than ingly large category of citizens who government's confidence, there can
to locate certain unexplainable phe- have experienced the phenomenon. be no assurance that the public will
nomena in Level 3 and then presume One suspects that such explanations be capable of making adequate deter-
that there is no alien intelligence may increasingly build lack of re- minations. There is reason to believe
with us. The denial of alien ability to spect towards the scientific com- that the State has not been totally
arrive here only indicates the degree munity. With growing numbers of forthright, and since we have not
to which such individuals are cul- the population apparently becom- been informed of what is allegedly
ture bound by the limitations of ing convinced of the reality of the known, it becomes necessary to ap-
their own immediate technology. Of phenomenon, one can only hope for proach the subject in our own man-
course, if there are no aliens any- a renewed willingness to consider ner, and within our own limitations.
where, then they clearly will not be the uniqueness of the performance. This is not a historically invalid ap-
found here. proach. In fact, it is quite the opposite
Campbell is unable to make sense since most of us are not privy to
out of what, to some, appear as It is difficult to believe that the
search for extraterrestrial life should agency research findings. To pre-
antics, and he seems inclined to sume there is no censorship, as do
presume that these antics indicate be anathema to the scientific method
merely because there is no unargu- some, is to presume that funded pro-
either that the aliens are not here, or
able indication at the present that grams have produced no informa-
that they fail to function as we might.
would prove the same. It is a simple tion conducive to furtherance of
Since he would not operate in this
matter to debunk anything that has Level 4 understandings. This is cer-
fashion, he presumes unlikelihood
not been accepted. The belief in an tainly a presumption on the part of
that they would do so. But none of
alien advanced technological civili- agency apologists, and to this writer
this has any direct relation to the
zation may indeed be unscientific, it seems only intelligent to search for
ETH, nor does it reduce the credibil-
but the search for such is another further meanings in a world dedi-
ity of the ETH. The ETH may be a
matter, as is the attempt to deter- cated to providing store-bought
sound alternative to various explana-
mine if sighting particulars might be interpretations.
tions presumed to belong in Level 3.
unexplainable as planetary phe- Campbell's time-travel explana-
At the moment we really do not
nomena. Campbell tells us there is tions, while somewhat convincing,
know. To presume otherwise would
no reason to believe the purported are in some respects akin to the
be to include a host of items in Level
aliens do not think like us, but he whisperings of an Australian primi-
3 which, in all good sense, do not
should know that there is also no tive who has never previously ex-
seem to belong there. To include alL
reason to believe that they do. He perienced 20th century technologi-
phenomena on the third level —
should be reminded that anything cal particulars. The writer has never
even the incomprehensible — would
we learn of the purported alien en- held to these views, but they do not
remove the need for any Level 4.
counters should be based on the seem totally inane. For example,
This is undoubtedly what some
particulars of given sightings, and signals faster than light may not be
would prefer, but to do so would re-
not merely on assertion and whim. an impossibility, and should this be
quire the adjustment of Level 3 into
Employment of the words "cred- true, then such signals directed
a menagerie useless for classification.
ible" and "scientific" can be a cul-de- towards one observer might travel
If there is no alien intelligence,
then there-can be no place for Level sac, if these are defined in such backwards in time with respect to
4 in the chart. And if there is no manner as to restrict the breadth of other observers. One is reminded of
Level 4, then there will be no Level 4 one's views. To refuse movement in the Stuckelberg-Feynman concept
events. Such a view does not con- the direction of Level 4 is to control of a position as an electron inching
sider the nature of individual inci- one's breadth of view because one backwards in time. Godel, in his
dents, but rather inserts them into cannot presently comprehend the own calculations, appears to believe
Level 3 prior to investigation. This phenomenon. One then allocates all that a speed 72 percent that of light
appears to be instructive concern- sightings to Level 3 though no other would be sufficient to produce time
ing the nature of scientific method reason is given than that it is un- travel backwards. This is not to pre-
best understood by detractors and scientific to move further. sume any knowledge of the subject,
various agency apologists, but it has Theories of scientific method but only to remind Campbell that
never met the standards of Ufology. presume an openness to phenom- opposite views to the conventional
Certainly the presumption of a pos- ena and their study. A useful meth- are not necessarily totally spurious.
sible Level 4 phenomenon is not odology presumes such. Where there Campbell quotes Shklovsky's
greatly larger than one which places is no candor, one may rightfully
all sightings into Level 3 with ex- question the degree to which real
(Continued on next page)
planations that satisfy only the wild- knowledge is available. State fund-
UFO Hypotheses, Cont AD PLANE IFOs
By Wayne LaPorte
Dictum that "every object must be
assumed natural until proved un-
natural." The word "proved" can
mean all things to all men, but essen- Lenticular clouds, meteors, air- Futch flies the Cessna at about
tially this is the approach employed craft, and balloon IFOs have been 1,500 feet. At this height the ap-
in field investigation—the chief with us for some time. However, the parent size of the plane (at arm's
compromisers being the debunkers lighted advertising plane is a fairly length) is about three times the ap-
who do not comprehend that the recent newcomer. The comments in parent size of the full moon (or
dictum should not be a sanctification this article are based on my personal about three aspirins placed side by
of the status quo, or intended as a investigative experiences with ad side at arm's length).
limitation on employment of induc- plane IFOs, and an interview with Some witnesses often mistake
tive-deductive techniques. Tommy Futch, an ad plane pilot for Futch's plane for a blimp. There are
Campbell employs various forms Flying Billboards of Charlotte, N.C. two reasons why. He must fly the
of logic and assertion to prove his Futch's plane is a Cessna 150 plane as slow as possible at a high
thesis, but it should be recalled that which is a high-wing pleasure plane. angle of attack (the plane's nose
Occam's Razor, while useful, will pre- It's powered by a 100 hp Continental must be angled upward). Normally,
dict nothing with certainty. Predic- engine located in the nose. Suspend- Futch flies the Cessna at about 45
tions, based on simplicity, are pre- ed below the wings is a 44 foot long mph which is just above the stall
supposed to fit facts that are not by 10 foot wide array of wires con- speed (speed below which the plane
available. Since the next fact is never taining 360 6V light bulbs. The matrix will lose aerodynamic lift and won't
available, one can only indulge in array runs below the fuselage from fly). To fly this slow he must run the
the hope of simplicity. Indeed, the one wingtip to the other. Braces ex- engine at a slow speed. Consequent-
next fact may lead to the next level of tending down from the wings hold ly, because of the slow engine speed
complexity. the wire contraption in place. and high angle of attack, witnesses
Credibility factors may be a The sign's message is controlled on the ground hear only a muted
matter of opinion or choice, and the by an onboard computer. A taped engine sound and think the plane is
limitation of assumptions in a given message is fed into the computer. actually "some kind of blimp."
example may prove to be less ade- When Futch is over the "target area," Although some witnesses mis-
quate than the hypothesis with a he flicks a switch and 10 foot tall take the ad plane for a blimp, more
more complex assumption pattern. letters appear to flow in space below misidentify it as a UFO. The lighted
The assumption that UFOs are really the plane from left to right. This, in- sign is the main reason. On a clear
third level IFOs has not been indi- cidentally, is the same type of system night it can be seen for miles. How-
cated, and may include more pre- that's used on the Goodyear Blimp. ever, to see the message clearly you
supposition than reality. To say that must be directly in the plane's path
such a presumption is more credible and within about one-half mile of
is to question the very usefulness of and the willingness or ability to the approaching craft. Those not
the so-called "credibility factor." A follow. familar with the ad plane and view-
dictionary definition of "credible" It is this writer's view that Mr. ing it from off to one side often mis-
may be more useful: i.e., "capable of Campbell has some useful thoughts perceive the aircraft as an alien UFO!
being believed; plausible." presented for the wrong reasons. From a distance, many see it as a
It may be as foolhardy to hold, as We feel no compunction to support shimmering mass of light or glow-
do some, that certain alleged per- theories we do not hold, and since ing craft (usually discoid, cigar-
ceptions do not exist—when there we accept none of these with any shaped, or lens-shaped). Within a
are phenomena that cannot be satis- certainty, we are not disquieted by few miles of the plane witnesses can
factorily explained—as to construct critically viewing the assumptions make out the sequencing lights. Many
one's philosophy around the exis- made by those who are anathema to think they are viewing a craft with
tence of such alleged phenomena. the assumptions of others. It is a cabin lights, sequencing lights, or
Each side then employs presump- healthy experience to view the fixed lights on a rotating part of the
tions, with the detractors claiming guesses of others—as it is one's own. UFO.
credibility by taking refuge in defini- Our own assumption is that some- Both the red and green wingtip
tional syntax, or in the creation of thing bizarre is taking place that calls navigational lights can be seen as the
tools or charts inadequate to their for evaluation. Such evaluation plane approaches (note: these lights
purpose. New ideas are not neces- necessarily requires some assump- can't be seen when the airplane is
sarily forthcoming, nor are new tions and we are not concerned
means of interpreting phenomena. about these as long as we recognize (Continued on next page)
What is required is an open mind, them as such.
7
Ad Plane, Continued

moving away). However, one of the


lights can be obscured by the wing
as the aircraft is making a turn. Wit-
nesses viewing the turning craft may
report seeing only a green or a red
light, depending on which way the
plane was turning.
The Cessna 150 has a small red
light on the top leading edge of the
tail and a small white light on the
back of the tail. Witnesses seeing the
plane approach often describe the
"UFO" as having a red-lighted dome.
And, people observing the ad plane
as it's flying away often report that
the UFO has a white signal light on
top of the craft.
The sign lights are incandescent, North Carolina Advertising Plane
meaning they give off white light
with a yellowish-cast (same as a light
bulb in a reading lamp). However, in
haze or pollution these lights might Most ad plane cases can be easily over the phone. It sounded like an
appear as orange or red. Also, the solved by checking the encounter ad plane case, so I called Futch's resi-
sign lights are on a wire array sus- location and times with the pilot's dence. He wasn't in as he was up
pended below the plane. This means log. However, some witnesses are flying. However, his wife was at
the lights can also be seen from hesitant to accept an ad plane ex- home and she informed me that
behind the plane. Of course, you planation, while others will readily Futch was flying in the area that the
can't make out the message, but you accept what you tell them — some- young woman lived. 1 called her
can see a flickering glow as the times in a humorous manner. back and informed her that she was
various bulbs light up in sequence. One night a very excited young viewing an ad plane. To this she re-
Futch's ad plane is equipped woman called the Charlotte police plied, "Well, at least Charlotte is safe
with a brightener. This is a device to report a UFO. They referred her from an alien attack tonight."
which at a flick of a switch can throw to me, and I interviewed the woman
a surge of current to brighten the
sign lights. The purpose of the bright-
ener is to draw people's attention.
And, it does. Some even think the
"UFO" is pulsating or signaling to
them! UFO DA TA MAR T
The most common description
of the .nl plane "UFO" is a bell- (A service for MUFON members/ cals printed 10% to 100% in English.
shaped discoid with flashing or se- subscribers, except commercial en- Interested in back issues for loan,
quencing lights on the bottom. terprises.) trade, xeroxing, donation, or sale.
However, I've also had the ad plane Tom Lind, P.O. Box 711, Hobe Sound,
described as ovoid with rows of SALE OR TRADE FL 33455.
lights, turtle-shaped with bottom Approximately 125 issues of Fly-
lights, football-shaped with win- ing Saucer Review, some very early, NORTHWEST-MUFON
dows, hamburger-shaped with cabin including Case Histories and Special New quarterly publication Pacific
lights, and lens-shaped with blink- Issue supplements. For list, SASE to Northwest UFO designed to stimulate
ing lights. John M. Cook, 4102 Leewood Dr., regional interest in MUFON will
My advice to any UFO investi- Stow, OH 44224. cover Washington, Oregon, and
gator is to establish good relations Idaho occurrences. To emphasize
with any ad plane pilots in their area. INFORMATION WANTED quality research and avoid rehash-
Many pilots like Futch, carry a flight UFO periodical project seeks in- ing or duplication of common infor-
log which lists the flight path and ap- formation (publisher, editor, past mation. Sample copy 50<t from Greg
proximate time the plane was flying. and present address, span of publish- Long, 301 Armistead, Richland, WA
ing, frequency) of any UFO periodi- 99352.
From the Humanoid Study Group Archives — V

OPERATION BLUEBERRY: THE OEYDALEN ENCOUNTER


By Ted Bloecher
(©1981 by Ted Bloecher)

Date of Sighting: Friday, August 20, Norway on NATO maneuvers at the swallowed the helicopter pilot story
1954. time of the sisters' encounter. hook, line, and saucer, for on page
Time: Early afternoon (otherwise The "denouement" was offered 308 he writes:"... A few days later
unspecified). with great good humor by the wire it was discovered that the man from
Locale: Oeydalen Valley, near Mos- services, except that it turned out to 'outer space' was a lost USAF (sic—
joen, Norway (Nordland be about as dependable as the name TB) helicopter pilot who was flying
County). "Mofjell." The pilot was soon lo- with NATO forces in Norway. As
Witnesses: Miss Edith Jacobsen (24); cated in Stuttgart, Germany, where I've always said, 'Ya gotta watch
her sister, Mrs. Aasta Solvang he denied having been anywhere those Air Force pilots—especially
(32), both of Mosjoen. near the Oeydalen valley. Not sur- those shaggy-haired ones from
Duration: Unspecified, but probably prisingly, the newspapers had by Brooklyn'." Ruppelt, whose signals
about five minutes. then tired of the story, so the Ameri- were crossed on the pilot's correct
Closest Proximity: Face-to-face, can pilot's denial went largely un- service, didn't even seem to know
within arm's length of Miss reported. (See accompanying press that the pilot was from Iowa and not
Jacobsen. stories.) Brooklyn, but that didn't matter as
Investigators: Oddvar Larsen, Hans Perhaps because most people long as the story could be turned
Almaas and other unidentified were left with the impression that into a joke.
newsmen of the newspaper the Norwegian encounter had been The Norwegian incident is in-
Nordlands Folkeblad. satisfactorily explained by that cluded in the Project Blue Book case
HumCat Classification: Serial #0243, American helicopter pilot, it is diffi- files as a secondary report, where
Type B (entity observed getting cult to find references to it in the the case material consists exclusive-
in and/or out of UFO). UFO literature. You cannot find a ly of several wire service news stories.
summary of it in Jacques Vallee's The full-length report by Oddvar
Introduction otherwise nearly all-inclusive ap- Larsen is presented here in English
/
pendix of his "Type I" cases in Pass- translation for the first time.
Toward the end of August 1954, port to Magonia (Regnery, Chicago,
newspapers around the world 1969). You will search in vain for it OPERATION "BLUEBERRY"
amused their readers with the enter- in Charles Bowen's classic compen- By Oddvar Larsen
taining story of two Norwegian sis- dium of UFO occupant reports, The
ters who met a "spaceman" while Humanoids (American hardcover Mosjoen is the name of a little
picking blueberries in a valley near edition published by Regnery, 1969). seaside town in the Nordland county
"Mofjell." (The name of the town Its omission from that reference is of northern Norway. It is surround-
was Mosjoen.) This "spaceman," curious, however, since The Human- ed by mountains and narrow valleys,
who seemed friendly enough, ad- oids first appeared in 1966 as a special and most of the population are de-
dressed the women in an unknown edition of Flying Saucer Review, and it scended from farmers or fishermen
language, drew some pictures of was in an early issue of FSR that one who in recent decades have aban-
circles that suggested stars or planets of the few published accounts of the doned their parents' way of life,
(hence leading the girls to deduce Norwegian case is found: a state- becoming merchants, craftsmen or
he came from "outer space"), and ment by one of the two sisters, Edith intellectual workers. Everyone
led them to a clearing where he Jacobsen, translated from a Nor- knows one another, at least on sight,
climbed into his "flying saucer" and wegian published interview, appear- and the common feeling of most is
took off. ed in Vol. I, No. 4 (issue for Septem- one of easy-going, sedate compla-
The story, naturally enough, be- ber/October, 1955), pages 6 & 7. cency. If a man falls off a roof and
came a sensation. A day or so later, it The one book in which you can breaks one of his legs, it is a subject
came crashing to earth (to all intents find a reference to the Norwegian of wide interest; if he breaks both of
and purposes) with the denoue- case is, curiously, Edward J. Rup- them the story is a sensation.
ment: the "spaceman" turned out to pelt's Report on Unidentified Flying
be a U.S. Army helicopter pilot from Objects (Doubleday, Garden City, (Continued on next page)
Council Bluffs, Iowa, who was in N.Y., 1956). Ruppelt seems to have
9
Blueberry, Continued
quite obvious that he had some long, but not down to his shoulders,
good reason for paying attention to as some newspapers have stated. It
Then one August day, in 1954, them. was a haircut of the kind which was
two young ladies turned up and From that moment on, we were very popular with Norwegian boys
claimed that they had seen a landed into it. about 1946 (as with Johnny 'Tarzan'
"flying saucer" and that they had We rang up the Mosjoen police Weissmuller—OL). He had very
"talked" with the pilot. They were headquarters on the telephone and nice teeth, and he was of rather
able to give a detailed description of asked the officer in charge if he had average stature. He seemed friendly
his aircraft, and they could tell how heard anything about the two ladies and charming from the very first
the fellow was dressed and what he and the man from another planet. moment.
looked like. In short, they turned the He hadn't. We then created a riot at "He was dressed in a tight-fitting
town upside down. the local telephone office request- suit. I could see neither buttons nor
And not just the town—oh, no! ing long distance calls to all Mosjoen zippers, but it was furnished with a
Their story created a controversy subscribers listed under the name of broad belt. The shoes I did not
which divided the Norwegian people Solvang or Jacobsen, or something notice.
into two camps in a few hours, and similar, only to find out that they "He walked towards us and
that was just the beginning. By the were the wrong parties. Then the smiled, and stretched out his hand. I
next day the two ladies were known Mosjoen police officer telephoned smiled.back and stretched out my
all over the world. They were in- us and scared us out of our wits, tell- hand, thinking of course that he was
vited to participate in a Swedish ing us that the ladies, who were some man who happened to come
radio show, they received telephone brought in for questioning, had con- around and that he wanted to shake
calls and letters from foreign news- firmed all the rumors and described hands, like people used to do. But
papers they scarcely knew of, and the "space man" right down to instead of shaking it, he laid the palm
they found their photographs on the minute details about the length of of his hand close to the palm of my
cover of a picture magazine which his hair. hand so that they touched, and then
ordinarily features stars like Marilyn Fifteen minutes later the story he'withdrew it. Then he began to
Monroe, or royal weddings. They bit the pavements. That was Tues- talk, but we didn't understand a
were scared stiff. day, August 24, 1954. The incident word. Neither did he understand me
At the time this happened, I was described by the two ladies was said when I tried to speak to him in Eng-
the managing editor of Helgeland, a to have taken place some days be- lish, German and French. (Most
newspaper published in Mo i Rana, fore, on Friday, August 20th. Norwegians speak English, and in
some miles north of Mosjoen. I was Here is the story as told by Miss high school they learn German and
also in charge of our Mosjoen edi- Edith Jacobsen to one of our re- enough French to make themselves
tion, Nordlands FolkMad, which was porters: understood—OL.) I have been asked
furnished with local news by our "My sister and I had gone up into if perhaps his language might be one
staff reporter, Mr. Hans Almaas. Oeydalen (a valley close to Mosjoen) of the East European ones. I don't
One morning just before the first to pick raspberries, but we didn't think so. I have heard Russian on the
edition was going to press, the Mo i find any, and instead we began to radio, and it sounded rather staccato
Rana office heard from Mr. Almaas pick blueberries near a marsh I knew to my ears. The stranger's language
by telephone. He had talked to a of. At the time we went up into the was very melodious, and it seemed
little bo>, he said, who had been told valley, we had been together with a as if it didn't consist of separate
by somebody that they heard a cer- male relative, but he left us, and we words, but flowed freely like a smooth
tain Miss Edith Jacobsen, 24, and her didn't meet again until we were on stream.
sister, Mrs. Aasta Solvang, 32, had our way home several hours later. "By now it was quite obvious to
seen a "flying saucer" and met a man "As my sister and I were busy the man that our conversation was
from another world. Perhaps, sug- picking blueberries, we suddenly useless, and from one of his pockets
gested Mr. Almaas, it would be a noticed something that moved be- he took something which looked
good idea if we did a little research. hind some bushes not far from us. I like a little mirror. It was greyish.
He had been more or less acquaint- remember that I said: A sheep, I Using a pencil, or something like it,
ed with the two ladies all his life, and guess. But it was a man. he drew some circles and showed
they couldn't tell a lie if they tried to. "It has been written in some them to us. He pointed at one of the
Our first reaction was to tell Mr. newspapers that we got scared. That circles, then at us and then he lifted
Almaas to stay away from the bottle. is not true. The man who came out both arms indicating all of the sur-
But the young man's reputation was from behind the bushes looked very roundings, the marsh, the bushes,
as solid as an iron foundation, and ordinary—like all other people, that and so forth. Then he pointed at
even if he had exaggerated when he is—and he smiled to us in an open himself and one of the other circles.
insisted that the girls were incap- and reassuring way. He had a dark
able of making up tall tales, it was complexion, and his hair was very (Continued on next page)

10
Blueberry, Continued story was out. Oeydalen Valley on the day in ques-
From the very beginning the tion; this was confirmed by the pilot
Oeydalen affair became a topic of himself who some days later was
'Planet' is a word which came to my nationwide interest. I have already located in Stuttgart, Germany. He
mind much later. At the time it mentioned that the Norwegian told a United Press reporter that
happened, I simply didn't think of people were divided into two camps, Afternposten was wrong, and that he
the fellow as 'peculiar' in any way. and I mean it quite literally. One side had never been to Oeydalen in all
He was just a stranger, that's all. fek sure that the girls were making his life. And that is where it all
"The man made a sign that he up the best fairy tale since the days stands.
wanted us to go with him. He turned of Hans Christian Andersen; the I have been asked hundreds of
and began to walk, and nearby we other side was half-inclined to be- times what I myself think of the
came to a clearing where we saw an lieve them. The main debate ran like Oeydalen affair. I don't know, I really
object on the ground. To me it looked this: don't. I have witnessed some very
like two pot covers put together, clever and very sane reporters com-
rim-to-rim. It measured from six to (1) Some newspapers stated that ing back from interviews with the
nine feet across, and was approxi- the girls had read Flying Saucers Have ladies, believing every single word
mately five feet high. I am positive Landed, by Desmond Leslie and of their odd story. I have talked with
that the man couldn't stand up in- George Adamski, and had discussed reliable men and women who have
side it—he would have to sit down. the book a bit too much. The girls' known the girls since they were
As to the color, I don't know how to response was "No," they had dis- children, just to hear that they must
describe it. It was a kind of blue or cussed it like everybody else, but have told the truth; anything else
grey, I'm not sure. they had never read it. would have been impossible.
"So far as I can remember, it was (2) What about the relative who Why haven't I seen the girls my-
at this moment that it dawned on me had been with them? Why hadn't he self? Oh, no—not me! What a situa-
for the first time that something very seen anything? The ladies answered tion that would be, if I came back
odd was happening to me and my that they had been walking together fully convinced that "flying saucers"
sister. We were standing quite close with him as they went up into the really existed. I am still a rather
to the thing when the man nodded valley, but then he had left them. young man looking forward to better
and smiled, and then opened a hatch They hadn't the faintest idea of how jobs, and I wouldn't want news-
and boarded the craft. The last we far or near he had been to them paper owners to get any bad ideas.
saw of him was his hand. He waved, when the occurrence took place. As (End of Larsen account.)
and then he closed the hatch behind a matter of fact, they didn't meet
him. again until they were on their way
"The next minute the craft left Comments
home.
the ground and smoothly ascended (3) How could the sisters explain With candid, if humorous, cyni-
some 40 or 50 feet. The only sound the fact that the police were unable cism, Oddvar Larsen frames his ac-
we were able to hear was a humming, to find traces of "the thing?" (The count of the Norwegian encounter
or a very soft buzz—absolutely no police conducted an investigation at in all too familiar terms. His attitude
engine roar. At the same time, the the site, with negative results.) Well, is not so different from that of Lt.
craft started to rotate around its axis the ladies answered, as a matter of Pessca when the latter was asked
at an increasing speed, and then all fact they did go with the police to the how he felt about the Santa Maria
of a sudden it rose straight upwards spot where the "saucer" had landed, Airport incident. (No. 160, June
and disappeared. The velocity was and each had picked out the site 1981) Even though the guard's story
quite fantastic." independently. That was true. But remained consistent through three
The strange craft left the two they had seen the "saucer" on Fri- days of interviews, Pessca confessed
girls in a rather confused state of day, and the police had visited the that "I personally don't believe." So,
mind. They felt sure that nobody in site on the following Wednesday, it doesn't matter how credible a wit-
Mosjoen would believe them, and if five days later. If the grass had been ness is, or how compelling the cir-
the story got out, the chances were crushed, it would have plenty of cumstances of his story are—the will
that they would be made a laughing time to rise again. to disbelieve is just as compelling,
stock all over town. So they decided (4) Then came the day that the and just as arbitrary, as the "will to
to keep their mouths shut. most influential Norwegian news- believe" that is so often invoked by
Several days passed, and by then paper, Aftenposten, reported that the the UFO skeptic.
the strain had become too much for ladies had seen an American heli- The Oeydalen and Santa Maria
the married sister, Mrs. Solvang. Her copter and that they had talked to encounters, taking place within a
husband understood that something the pilot, Mr. Billy Fauret. The ladies' month of each other, are presented
was worrying her and began to ask response.was "No," and this time
questions, and as a result she told they were supported by the police.
him everything. The next day the There had been no helicopter in the (Continued on next page)

11
Blueberry, Continued Lima (Ohio) News. Wednesday, August 25,
Norwegian Women Describe Weird Visitor

in sequence for obvious reasons, de-


scribing as they do almost identical
Friendly Saucer Pilot 'No Spikka
situations, featuring two ordinary,
human UFOnauts, whose behavior
Four Languages, Just Draws Circles
OSLO W—Two Njrwegian wom- The two women, Mrs. Aasta Their story was published yester;
and attitudes are practically the same. en claim they not only had a close Solvang and her sister Edit Jacob- day by the local paper Nordlandi
With so many similar details, these look at a flying saucer but they sen, said the saucerman popped Folkeblad.
talked to its "dark-skinned, long- out at them from behind some This was the sisters account:
two UFO events provide a useful haired" pilot.' Skeptical police
have launched an investigation.
bushes last Friday near Mofjell, "We were (licking berries when
in northern Norway. suddenly « /.ark man with long
example of a very particular type of h a i r ,— but otherwise looking very
mucn like an ordinary human bei
encounter—that is, direct confronta- THE TIMES-PICAYUNE NEW ORLEANS ins — came out from behind come
bushes. , 1
tion. Even though the language "We were frightened at first, but!
spoken by the beings in each case 'Saucer* Prank Denied by Pilot the man appeared very friendly,
and stepped toward us;"
was incomprehensible, the broader, STUTTGART, Germany, AUK.said, "The only thing I know * » »
28 (fft—A United Slates Army heli- about the women is what I read ONE OF them addressed him In
implicit message of each event was copter pilot said Friday he wasn't in the papers."
English, French, German, arid
Norwegian. "He didn't seern^ to
clearly unmistakable. tbe roan who frightened two Nor- He has a ruddy complexion, understand a word."
wegian \vomcn inlo thinking they short hair, stands 5 feet 10 Inches The stranger then attempted to
had seen the pilot of a flying and weighs 150 pounds. communicate by drawing "circles
saucer. Andjhe doesn't resemble The US Army declined com- and what looked like pictures of
heavenly bodies" on a piece of
at all (he man. the women said paper. The stranger finally led
they saw ment, saying the flight was in the
them lo his craft, which looked
Billie C. Faurol, 2n, Council "classified" (secret) category. like "two deep saucers sand-
Bluffs, Iowa, a warrant .officer, wiched together," about* 15 feet
was one of several pilots who across.
made n secret training mission The mystery man opened a hatch
flight to Norway last week. and crawled into the disc. Mo-
Reports from Oslo said two The Times-Picayune. ments later the craft "rose from
the ground and began rotating,
women, out picking berries, were first slowly, then Increasingly fast-
startled by a dark-skinned, long- New Orleans, La. er." Then, suddenly, it disap-
haired man who tried to talk lo peared at an "incredible speed."
them, then sailed off in a strange August 29,
craft that looked like "two deep
saucers."
Word got around later in Oslo
that It might have been US
pilots playing a prank. Faurot,
the first of the pilots to return,

SDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 25, 1954 Elizabeth (N.J.) Journal FIFTEEN

2 Say They Talk To 'Saucerman' much like an ordinary human be-


ing—came out from behind some
bushes.
heavenly bodies" on a piece of
paper. The stranger finally led
them lo his craft, which looked
"We were frightened at first, like "two deep saucers sandwiched
OSLO (/P) — Two Norwegian sen, said the sauccrman popped but the man appeared very together," about 15 feet across.
women claim they not only hatf a out at them from behind some friendly, and stepped toward us." The mystery man opened a
One of them addressed him in hatch and crawled Into the disc.
close look nt a flying saucer, Ihdy bushes last Friday near Mofjcll, English, French, Gorman, and Moments later Ihc craft "rose
talked to its "dark-skinned, lone- in norlhern Norway Norwegian. "He didn't seem lo from Iho ground find began re-
haired" pilot. Skeptical police have This way Ibo sisters nrrounl: understand a word." lating, first slowly, then increas-
launched an investigation. "We were picking berries when The stranger (hen attempted lo ingly faster." Then, suddenly, it
The two women, Mrs. Aasta suddenly H dark man with long communicate by drawing "circles disappeared at an "incredible
Solvang and her sister Edit Jacob- hair—but otherwise looking very and what looked like pictures of speed."

12
UFO SECRECY UPDATE

Where to From Here?


By Larry W. Bryant

When I undertook this column server alike. For this ground-breaking Peter A. Gersten. Closely aligned to
about 16 months ago, I had no illu- case of anti-UFO secrecy is the foot- the GSW-CIA case, this effort to
sions that its contents would hasten in-the-door by which can be dis- make the NSA leadership fully ac-
the resolution of "the UFO problem." cerned the general outline of the countable to the provisions of the
I still have none. picture painted over the last 30-odd Freedom of Information Act now is
What I set out to do in this spin- years by the Federal UFO policy- on appeal from the District Court's
off from Just Cause (the newsletter of makers. But that crack in the CIA's judgment in favor of the defendant.
Citizens Against UFO Secrecy— picture window may be mending. Chances that either the CIA or
CAUS) was to offer MUFON mem- Now on appeal from a district court the NSA appeal will bear fruit for the
bers and other UFO-oriented citi- decision in favor of the Agency, the CAUS harvest of Federal UFO docu-
zens a certain perspective, a certain GSW cause celebre has spawned mentation are slim. Indeed, the foot-
focus on the policies/programs/ three other freedom-of-information in-the-door is getting numb from
practices involved in one aspect of law suits, all filed by the public- the tight fit. And if recent develop-
the problem: official government interest group Citizens Against UFO ments within these two agencies are
secrecy in the acquisition, analysis, Secrecy: any indication, then the door, when
and dissemination of hard-core UFO it finally slams shut, may be too
data. CAUS Vs. U. S. DEFENSE INTEL- tough ever to re-open.
After several thousand words of LIGENCE AGENCY. Here, we have For example, the National Se-
exploration of the issues and com- the case of an agency's failure to curity Agency long has been lobby-
mentary upon the relevant research comply fully with the spirit of the U. ing Congress for dispensation from
findings, we're nearing a crossroads. S. Freedom of Information Act, speci- the provisions of the Freedom of In-
If this column, and the work it repre- fically as to conducting a thorough formation Act — on grounds that by
sents, were to cease, what then? search of its UFO-related files. And definition the NSA mission and
Who would care? How valuable to here again we have the U. S. District modus operand! are too sensitive to
civilized society is the result of that Court for the District of Columbia, bear critical viewing by the public
effort? Questions for a philosopher, on a motion for summary judge- eye. Recent FOIA court rulings in
of course. And, if the composing of ment, ruling in favor of the defend- favor of the Agency tend to strengthen
this column doesn't qualify its author ant. CAUS plans no appeal of the de- its position. Will Congress relent
as a philosopher, then perhaps its cision, choosing instead to concen- and let the Agency's past/present/
digestion and later appraisal by its trate its limited resources on the CIA future UFO documentation off the
readership will so qualify him. appeal. hook? Answer: only if we UFO-
The duty of a philosopher, as I CAUS Vs. U. S. FEDERAL AVIA- oriented citizens remain apathetic
see it, is to be aware of one's limita- TION ADMINISTRATION. Can an enough to let this happen.
tions in analysis and interpretation agency levy whatever the traffic will Now, perhaps most disturbing
of facts and events—and, through- bear when it comes to setting fees for in the recent reports of intelligence-
out, to maintain a sense of humor. agency hostility toward the Act and
documents sought via freedom-of-
That said, let me proceed to its users is the prospect that the
information requests? And can that
review the status quo, to raise some Central Intelligence Agency is (1)
agency act in an arbitrary and capri-
more philosophic questions, and to secretly trying to revive its infamous
cious way to deny a requestor access
role in so-called domestic intelligence
point the reader in the direction of to its UFO-related records? The
(whereby it was able to infiltrate
answers. FAA answers to those questions
UFO research groups and partici-
First of all, the legal scene: must have satisfied the judge, be-
pate in "UFO news management");
GSW Vs. CIA. Of course, the cause he ruled in favor of the agency.
(2) openly trying to get itself absolv-
worldwide publicity about the Free- Again, owing to its limited resources,
ed from any FOIA compliance.
dom of UFO Information case of CAUS plans no appeal.
Ground Saucer Watch, Inc., versus U. S. CAUS Vs. U. S. NATIONAL SE- As to the first point, it seems that
Central hitelligence Agency continues CURITY AGENCY. This is the real Congress won't let any ClA agents
to grasp the imaginations of sea- biggie in this trio of post-GSW litiga-
soned UFOlogist and detached ob- tion, according to CAUS counsel (Continued on next page)
13
AIRCRAFT AND "AIRCRAFT"
By Robert Wanderer
(MUFON Research Specialist
in Communications)

You see a light moving in the A crucial distinction. Fact is what original theory of aircraft even when
night sky. Your first thought: air- you see; inference is how you inter- what he sees no longer fits.
craft. It comes closer, and you see the pret what you see. What you saw in He first sees "what I thought to
typical pattern of wingtip lights, you the second case might be termed an be some jet airplanes coming toward
hear the sound, you dimly make out alleged craft, or what I thought was a me." But in the next sentence, and
the shape of a plane. Your first craft, or simply a "craft" with quota- on throughout the article, he refers
thought, aircraft, is confirmed and tion marks around it. Those quota- to what he's seeing as craft (without
may now be considered "fact." tion marks or modifiers—in both quotation marks or modifiers), even
You see another light moving in your writing and your thinking—are as he notes that the colors and pulsa-
the night sky. Again, your first thought vital in a UFO investigation They tions and speeds he was seeing were
is aircraft. But as it comes closer, you also help us avoid that mon quite incompatible with conventional
realize that it's moving faster than error of holding on to our fi : tenta- aircraft.
any plane can. The light's colors and tive conclusion even when later ob- He points out, curiously: "I could
pattern of intensity are like nothing servation makes our initial theory not see the craft themselves, but
you've ever seen, you hear no sound, much less likely. only the light which they emitted."
you cannot make out any shape. Consider the famous Travis Wal- A few paragraphs later he even de-
Calling this a craft is thus "inference," ton case. Walton and his six co- duces from the pattern of moving
not fact. workers are in a truck returning in lights that he is seeing "saucer-shaped
the dark from a long day of tree craft." Most remarkably, he says "I
Secrecy, Continued thinning in a remote Arizona forest, know how easy it is to be fooled by
resume their earlier, unfettered and they see a "dazzling sight" just a what one sees," but nevertheless
counterintelligence activities on the few yards off the ground. One man insists "I know them to be craft far
home front; the CIA leadership, in says, "My God, it's a flying saucer." advanced from anything the general
fact, avers it seeks no such resump- Then, during the next few para- public knows about as far as conven-
tion. But if the Agency does succeed graphs of Walton's book describing tional aircraft are concerned."
in getting the Freedom of Informa- the experience, this whatever-it-was Most people will agree with Blaney
tion Act off its back, isn't it conceiv- is termed a disc, a craft, a ship—all that aircraft was a reasonable theory
able that eventually the Agency could without quotation marks or modifiers.1 to tentatively explain what he first
slip back into its evil ways with We can understand the cry of saw. But it quickly became apparent
assurance that the public no longer "flying saucer" in the frightening that he saw only lights, not an actual
would have a ready device to detect surprise of that confrontation. But aircraft. The only aircraft he "saw"
the change? months later when Walton wrote the were the ones he created in his
And when the current GSW/ book he neglected to qualify what he perception.
CAUS litigation ends, what tool can saw. Because he did not distinguish A quick rundown on how we
UFO-oriented citizens use to pry between fact and inference, and be- perceive:
loose from the Agency any future cause he and his cohorts were locked From the vast panorama always
collection of UFO-related records? into their first theory, they could not around us, we choose certain things
These questions for the UFO consider the possibility that they of interest for our eyes to notice.
philosopher have wider implications might have seen a rare and unex- Within a split-second we do a quick
in the body politic, of course — not plained natural event. "computer check" of our memory to
the least of which centers on the Let's go back to the aircraft sight- find similar material already in our
issue of governmental credibility. If ing in the second paragraph of this brain. Then we construct a "picture
90 percent of America's adult popu- article. That was based on "UFO in our head" which is our personal
lation disbelieves in the govern- Sighting in Mexico" in a recent issue creation in which we combine what
ment's official position on the reality of this journal. 2 A particularly good we have chosen to look at and what
of UFO's, what does this tell us about example of the problem, because we have chosen from our memory
the survivability of our basic institu- author Walter Blaney comes across to relate that to.
tions — especially those that depend as a competent and accurate observer,
on a high level of public support in yet he fails to make the fact/inference
times of crisis? distinction, and he stays with his (Continued on next page)
14
Aircraft, Continued The need for quotation marks As a practical matter, it is too late
and other qualifiers to help us keep to change the expression "unidenti-
facts and inferences separate is not fied flying object" to something more
confined, of course, to instances of accurate and specific. But I think it's
The picture in our head, of course, "craft" as in the Blaney case and the useful to "think in quotes"—to put
is not the same as the "real event" Travis Walton one. An equally seri- those quotation marks around UFOs
out there. As a practical matter, we ous situation—one that might hold when you think about them, as a
can agree that certain sights and the UFO movement up to public reminder to yourself that this par-
sounds make up aircraft, and we can ridicule—surrounds the hypnotiz- ticular one you're looking at or think-
consider that aircraft a fact. We get ing of people who have had some ing about might well turn out to be
into trouble, however, when we make sort of UFO experience. Under hyp- what more accurately might be called
an inference and then treat that nosis, they come up with a story, an "event" rather than an "object"—
inference as if it were a fact. People usually of being taken aboard a UFO, some sort of electrical or electro-
can agree on facts, but we disagree being given a physical examination, magnetic or meteorological or other
about inferences. And unless we use and having various adventures with activity.
quotation marks and modifiers and "aliens" before returning. These are Whether you put quotation marks
other such qualifiers when we talk called "abductions"—but these are around "UFO" or not, they or some
about inferences such as Blaney's seldom if ever qualified as "what the other qualifier are vital when talking
"aircraft," we are severely limiting person under hypnosis experienced and thinking about "craft" and
our chances of finding explanations as an abduction," or as an "alleged "abductions" when we do not have
for events that puzzle us. abduction," or even as an "abduc- sufficient hard evidence to consider
When I brought this matter up tion" with quotation marks around them a "fact."
with Richard Hall, the editor of this it.
journal, he agreed on the impor- NOTES & REFERENCES
tance of making the distinction be- In these cases, the experience is a 1. Travis Walton, The Walton Experience,
tween fact (observation) and infer- private, personal one: there is no (Berkley Medallion Books, 1978).
supporting "hard" evidence or inde- 2. "UFO Sighting in Mexico," Walter Blaney,
ence (interpretation), but asked, MUFON UFO Journal, January 1981.
"Why shouldn't one believe in his pendent testimony that an abduct-
3. United Press story from Clovis N.M., 1-
interpretation of what he saw if he is ion occurred. Is it "real"? It's un- 26-75.
a critical observer?" Unfortunately, doubtedly "real" to the person under 4. United Press story from Buenos Aires, 10-
hypnosis, but there's no way of deter- 24-78.
someone who is a critical observer is 5. Time magazine, 11-19-73. (This article does
not necessarily a valid interpreter; mining if it's "real" in the more
not mention any UFO, but does describe a
Blaney gives the impression of accu- general sense. There is considerable
"blue glow" around a high-voltage elec-
rate observation, but when he tells warning in the UFO literature about tric wire. Since there were several other
us he "knows" they are some far- the dangers of hypnosis: the Hynek/ effects related to the wire, the "blue glow"
advanced kind of "craft," he is stat- Vallee book points out that hypnotic was not ascribed to a UFO, although I
subjects "are extremely compliant," suspect that similar cases of "glowings"
ing his inference, his estimate of near electric wires may come from some
probability, without telling us what and if you ask for a UFO story, they'll
little-understood electricity/environment
come up with a UFO story; subjects interaction.)
other factors have gone into his
assessment. "fabricate" material from "wishful 6. Time magazine, 11-20-78; Associated Press
What alternate explanation is thinking, fantasies, dreams."7 Under story from St. Petersburg Fla., 1-16-79.
such circumstances, quotation marks 7. J. Allen Hynek and Jacques Vallee, The
there for what Blaney saw? One Edge of Reality, (Henry Regnery Co., 1975),
problem in answering such a ques- are desperately needed around those
pp. 107 and 91.
tion is that because Blaney was con- "abductions."
vinced that what he saw were ad- Even the term "unidentified fly-
vanced aircraft, he did not investi- ing object" itself is an unfortunate
gate any other possibilities. In glanc- choice. We think of an "object" as CUFOS SYMPOSIUM
ing through my own files as I write, I something solid, and by using that
note UFO cases from a temperature word we tend to eliminate many The Center for UFO Studies
inversion,3 radar beams bouncing possibilities from consideration, such 1981 Symposium will be held at
off clouds,4 electricity leaking from a as reflections, clouds, and electrical the Midland Hotel, West Adams
high-tension power line,5 and a swarm phenomena. The word "flying" im- at LaSalle, Chicago, Illinois,
of moths illuminated by atmospheric plies movement in the sky, whereas September 25-27.
electricity.6 While none of those situa- many UFOs are on or near the For information write to
tions would seem to apply here, ground, or even if in the sky may not CUFOS, P.O. Box 1402, Evanston,
some other environmental factor be moving. More confusing, because IL 60204 or call Mark Rodeghier
might well be the explanation. Unless it involves such a subtle assumption, at (312) 648-0270 during business
we keep our options open with accu- is that we think of "flying" as imply- hours, (312)761-9012 weekday
rate use of language, we'll never find ing conscious control, so again we evenings.
that explanation. tend to exclude natural phenomena.
15
BOOK REVIEW
does not appear .at all in Story's cases" in the next chapter. In the
UFOs and the Limits of Science discussion. Introduction he has told us that he
By Ronald D. Story (William Morrow Having dealt so unevenly with circularized UFOlogists asking each
and Co.,Inc. New York, 1981). 290 pp. the historical aspects of UFOs, Story one to submit such a "ten best" list,
$12.95. takes up, in Part II, the "elusive hard and that he was amazed at the lack of
data" — physical traces and photo- consensus, which obliged him to
graphs. The chapter on traces in- select his own ten best. For my part, I
Story, who last year, with J. Richard cludes a great mixture — everything am surprised at his amazement.
Greenwell, gave us that excellent from three cases of "blobs" (Fortean Among them, UFOlogists have a
compilation, The Encyclopedia of but irrelevant, since no UFO activity roster of strong cases that probably
UFOs, now presents his personal was reported in any of the three run into the hundreds, and to expect
views on the subject. Despite its cases described) to humanoid bod- agreement on a mere ten was naive.
good points, the book is on the ies (discussed unfairly, it seems to All of the cases he presents are
whole disappointing. me, under the heading "The Scully indeed strong, and have been well
It is almost entirely derivative. Hoax"; Len Stringfield's data are publicized. Together, they illustrate
There are very few new facts or included, but it is clear that Story most of the striking circumstances
ideas. For example, Chapter 2, "The does not accept dead UFO occu- and phenomena in UFO history:
Modern Age of Flying Saucers," re- pants, or abductions either). attempted interception by jet planes,
peats yet again historical material I was greatly surprised to read police involvement, radar confirma-
that everyone is familiar with the that Story calls the Socorro, New tion of visual sightings, animal re-
subject has read a dozen times. Un- Mexico, case "highly dubious," "not actions, E-M effects, etc. All met
less Story felt that he was writing for deserving the high credibility rating Story's triple test: more than one
readers quite new to the subject, that it gets from the majority of UFO witness, strong documentation, and
surely to retread this well-trodden proponents." His judgment is ap- witness integrity. Three others are
ground was unnecessary. parently based on statements made reports from abroad: Lakenheath,
Puzzling inclusions of material by P. Klass. But Story himself, in England, 1956; Boiani, New Guinea,
are accompanied by equally puzzl- another part of the book, criticizes 1959; and Iran, 1976. Six are domes-
ing omissions. In Chapter 1, "The fdass's plasma theory vigorously, tic: Nash-Fortenberry, 1952; Level-
First UFOs," Story discusses in detail and elsewhere warns the UFO stu- land, Texas, 1957; Betty and Barney
the cave paintings in France and dent to be aware of the bias of Hill, 1961 (Story accepts the UFO
Spain that have been thought by investigators. Surely he knows that with occupants but rejects the ab-
some UFOlogists to include draw- Mass's aim is to debunk every sight- duction story); Exeter, New Hamp-
ings of "spaceships with landing ing as misinterpretation, or as result- shire, 1965; The Portage County,
gear." But he omits two important ing from fear and confusion on the Ohio, chase, 1966; and the Coyne
aspects of the "ancient astronauts" part of witnesses, or as deliberate helicopter case, 1973.
theory: first, his own very com- hoaxing. Why, then, does he take For most of these, Story exa-
mendable work in exposing the ab- Klass on Socorro so seriously? mines the "rational" explanations
surdities of the theories of von Other matters discussed in this offered by debunkers, and shows
Daniken, who is still widely read and chapter on traces are Delphos, how dismally these explanations fail
uncritically believed; and second, Kansas; the Utatuba magnesium; to fit the reported facts.
the curious religious beliefs held by three angel-hair cases; the 1967 re- In "The Search for Patterns,"
the Dogon tribe of Africa, described port from Falcon Lake — the Steven Story briefly classifies UFOs by
in The Sirius Mystery, by Robert Michalak case (here Story hints at shape and structure and points out
Temple. No discussion of possible psychological explanation); Austral- similarities in behavior. He also
ancient astronauts is complete with- ian "saucer nests", and alleged UFO mentions some of the temporal and
out including these books. landings in soy bean fields. geographical patterns that research-
Another extraordinary conflict The chapter on photographs is ers think they have detected and
occurs in the same chapter, in the excellent. Instead of the usual stale have attributed to various alien mo-
section on biblical UFOs. Here Story warnings about len flares and hoax tives for examining Earth. He pro-
chooses as an example of UFO photographs, Story simply presents perly points out the weakness of all
phenomena in the scriptures the three strong photographic cases: the pattern theories; namely, that no
"pillar of cloud by day and pillar of Trent photos at McMinnville, one really knows how many genuine
fire by night" that guided the Israel- Oregon, and the Mariana film taken sightings have occurred, or when, or
ites in their 40-year wanderings. Of at Great Falls, Montana, both in .where.
all biblical "UFOs" this seems the 1950; and the Trindade Island, Coming in his last chapter, to the
least likely — unless one is prepared Brazil, photo series of 1958. second part of his title, Story points
to accept a sighting that lasted for 40 The New Zealand film of 1978 out two major limitations that
years. But as for Ezekiel's wheel, that appears as one of Story's "ten best (Continued on next page)
16
Story Review, Continued tent seem to militate against Hy-
BOOK REVIEW pothesis 1. Both Hypothesis 2 and
Hypothesis 3 remain to be further
hamper scientists in trying to un- examined, though neither on the
Missing Time: A Documented
ravel the UFO enigma: First, these face of it seems adequate to explain
Study ofTJFO Abductions, By Budd
phenomena do not lend themselves all or most of the core data. That
Hopkins (N.Y.: Richard Marek Pub-
to analysis by the customary scientif- there is some unfortunate "feed-
lishers, 1981) 258 p.; $12.95.
ic methods; and second, scientists back" from investigator to subject
This book should not be read by
are human beings subject to the seems clear even from the author's
impressionable children. The very
same biases and prejudices as other own anecdotes about follow-up con-
idea that alien entities are mesmeriz-
people (here he refers to a most versations with the abductees. Often
ing and abducting us, and perform-
interesting study of the psychology the subjects do seem to be "en-
ing medical/biological tests on us,
of scientists, conducted by M.J. couraged" to come up with or elab-
one by one, stealthily, covering their
Mahoney of Pennsylvania State orate an abduction scenario.
tracks by inducing amnesia in their
University). Despite these lapses—and the
subjects, is the stuff of nightmares.
The Foreword, by Thornton Page, author properly labels his own specu-
By all common sense, it is also pre-
a member of the famed Robertson lations as such—a compelling case is
posterous.
Panel of 1953 and now with the made, and reinforced by the profes-
Johnson Space Center in Houston, is In presenting the results of hyp- sional opinion of psychologist
extremely interesting. Page charact- notic regression sessions during Aphrodite Clamar, that it could be
erizes the writings of Condon, which this scenario has emerged, really happening. Enough parallel
Menzel, and Philip Klass as "a regret- the author displays a proneness to and coincidental information has
table pseudo-^scientific attempt to speculate and assume particulars emerged pretty well on its own,
'debunk' the whole UFO matter"; beyond the given evidence to sup- world-wide, and without obvious
says that the Condon Report seem- port the view that it is really hap- investigator cues to the subjects, to
ed to be unscientific and inconsist- pening. His view is that aliens are suggest that some real and unex-
ent; notes "how difficult it is to using us as laboratory specimens for plained thing has happened to the
explain some of the reliable UFO reasons unknown. His departure abductees. Whether it will ultimate-
reports" and endorses Story's re- from objective or neutral reporting, ly prove to be real abductions or
commendation for a philosophical though, is excusable on the grounds some bizarre psychological aberra-
and epistemological approach to the that the stories emerging under hyp- tion remains to be seen. In any
subject as a basis for answering the nosis are astoundingly congruent. event, psychologists ought to pay
central question, What is the nature The simplest hypothesis is that it is attention and involve themselves in
of scientific evidence? (But will this really happening. scientific study of abduction reports.
approach actually elucidate the mys- The best alternatives anyone has Taken for what it is, the author's
tery of UFOs, or merely breed more been able to come up with are that: story of being drawn into the investi-
controversy?) (1) the stories are confabulations of gations and watching the abduction
The Appendix, on the other hypnosis, subtly drawn from absorb- scenarios unfold, the book is a bril-
hand, entitled "The Limitations of ing cultural lore about UFOs or tak- liant one. His own comments on
Science," by Bruce Murray, Director ing hints from the investigators; (2) what he has observed and experi-
of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in each of us carries within ourselves enced are incisive and thought-
Pasadena, California, is standard- the raw materials for an abduction provoking. The book is well written
issue orthodoxy regarding Forteana, story, in an archetypal sense, which and totally absorbing. Furthermore,
complete with the usual jumbled may be triggered into the conscious his thesis is highly defensible given
categories, superficial comments, mind as a modern myth decked out what we now know—or think we
and complacency that we have en- in the cultural clothing of today know—about the human mind and
countered so often before. (Hilary Evans, No. 158, April 1981); hypnosis. Should some other hy-
Throughout, Story is diligent in or (3) some—at least—of the ab- pothesis ultimately prove to be cor-
expressing skepticism about certain ductees may be revivifying birth rect; the author cannot be faulted.
aspects of UFOlogy. But on balance, trauma emotions and sensations, for His is an honest and forthright work
he is clearly a "believer," refusing to which parallel data exists in LSD that will serve to focus attention on
dismiss the hard-core evidence with experiments (Alvin Lawson, paper the perplexing subject of abduc-
the sweeping generalizations used to be presented at September 1981 tions, and will help point the way to
by the debunkers. Perhaps, when he CUFOS Conference). a resolution.—Richard Hall
has become familiar with the many Although the reliability of hyp-
complexities of the UFO picture, he nosis as a truth-seeking technique is
will supply us with a more complete justifiably controversial, and the
book and one that does not so often whole question cries out for illumi-
give the impression of deja vu. nation, both the means by which the
Isabel Davis stories have emerged and their con-
17
Letters Fogarty concludes that my UFO- industry, who would not necessarily
skepticism stems from a search for feel morally bound — and certainly
"notoriety" and he charges I am a not intellectually bound — to the
"publicity junkie." I achieved inter- dictates of the contracting govern-
"Close Encounter"
national fame more than a quarter of ment agency, especially over a long
Editor,
a century ago, thanks to the prestige period. What positions, then, are
Neither your limited space nor
of Aviation Week & Space Technology jeopardized? What are the "penal-
my limited time allows me to refute
magazine. I have appeared on U.S. ties" for tenured professors who
the numerous misstatements made
network television and the TV of would love to go down in the history
by Quentin Fogarty (No. 157, March
Britain, West Germany, and Italy, in books? I'm not talking about junior
1981) in which he purports to re-
connection with my expertise in individuals who would "try to ex-
count what transpired during our
avionics and "spy satellites" as well pose" such a secret. I am talking
meeting. (Both of us made tape re-
as high-energy lasers. about senior individuals who would
cordings of our "Close Encounter.")
I will not attempt to assess all of expose such a secret, openly, direct-
Let me cite one example of
the factors that motivate Fogarty's ly, and fully. Why, even the CIA
Fogarty's distortions. He wrote: "It's
views on UFOs. But as he has publicly itself cannot control its own people,
the character assassination that I
admitted in print, he went to great as evidenced by former agent Philip
find particularly offensive. In a letter
lengths to financially exploit the film Agee, who went so far as to publish a
to me, Mass accused Bill Startup (the
and his experience. I can understand trade book revealing government
pilot) of having suicidal tendencies
his bitterness at not achieving the secrets.
and Geoff Causer (the radar opera-
financial bonanza he expected, but If Mr. Staff doubts the govern-
tor) of being derelict in his responsi- ment's reliance on outside technical
he ought not put all of the blame on
bilities." support, then he is' unacquainted
me for his misfortune, including the
Compare Fogarty's claim with with the traditional working struc-
loss of his job as a reporter for
what I actually wrote him on March ture shared by the federal govern-
Station O in Australia.—
25, 1980, in response to his request ment, academia, and industry, which
Philip J. Klass
for my views on the New Zealand is not like in the movies. In fact, one
Washington, D.C.
UFO incident. I first pointed out that could ask why the Air Force Aero-
the primary responsibility of any space Medical Research Laboratory,
traffic controller is to maintain safe located at Wright Patterson Air Force
separation of an airplane under his Retrievals Response Base — right where one would ex-
control, and to give directions to a Editor: pect the "little fellows" to be taken —
pilot facing a potential mid-air colli- In response to Virgil Staff's criti- periodically issues requests for pro-
sion on the maneuvers he should que of my review of Stringfield's posals to anatomists and anthro-
take to avoid such a conflict. monograph on saucer crashes and pologists to undertake research on
Then I wrote: "In listening to a retrievals, I have three comments. human and primate functional mor-
tape recording of the communica- First, on my doubts concerning U.S. phology, research they desperately
tions between the Wellington Center government interest in UFOs, if I need to sponsor in support of aero-
[i.e., Causer] and Capt. Startup, and must choose between two possibili- space medicine studies, but which
in studying the transcript [of their ties, that I have "not read the litera- they have no in-house capability to
radio conversations] I fail to find or ture with care" or that I "interpret (s) conduct.
detect any evidence of concern or it differently from most Ufologists," I
any evidence that Wellington at- will opt for the latter. J. Richard Greenwell
tempted to direct Startup out of the Second, I am not disturbed about Tucson, Arizona
seemingly potential conflict situa- the supposed involvement of junior
tion [with the "UFO blips"]. Nor do I personnel in retrievals; what disturbs
detect that Startup was at all con- me is that, almost invariably, they
cerned about the situation. are the only ones revealing their in-
"One possible explanation for volvement (and even then, anony-
this is that the traffic controller was mously). Why no revelations by
derelict in his responsibilities and senior personnel and by scientists? Letters to the Editor are in-
that Startup has suicidal tendencies Third, Staff is under a miscon- vited, commenting on any articles
and has lost all desire to live. Another ception concerning the resources or other material published in the
possible explanation is that the con- available within "government agen- Journal. Please confine them to
troller and Startup were 'playing cies." Many of the specialists needed about 400 words. Articles of a-
games' for your benefit, never dream- to study retrieval materials, particu- bout 500-750 words will be con-
ing that the incident would mush- larly those in the biological sciences, sidered for publication as "Comments"
room into an internationally famous would have to be outside contrac- or "Notes." All submissions are subject
incident. I am unable to think of any tors; that is, scientists affiliated with to editing for length and style.
other alternatives." consulting firms, universities, and
18
Lucius Parish

in Others' words
A report of "space vampires" ter- ship flap" of 1896-97. His book on not a crackpot. On the contrary, he is
rozing inhabitants of northeastern this subject is schedule for publica- a very informative and entertaining
Brazil is featured in the June 2 issue tion by Dodd Mead later in the year. writer who has compiled a lot of in-
of NATIONAL ENQUIRER. Num- Another heavy dose of rehash in triguing material for this book. Not
erous UFOs have been seen in the the #22 issue of TRUE OUTER only does it contain Pawlicki's theories
region and it is claimed that people SPACE & PARANORMAL WORLD. on UFO propulsion (as the title im-
have suffered strange wounds of un- Much of the material pertains to sub- plies), but he also discusses such
known origin. Bob Pratt's report in jects other than UFOs. esoterica as time travel, the methods
the June 16 ENQUIRER tells of a The July issue of FATE has an used to build the Pyramids and
huge UFO seen by policemen in interesting article by Pearl Gonzalez other megaliths, the possibility of an
Will County, 111. on November 25, on UFO abductee Betty Hill. Much ancient, world-wide communica-
1980. of the article centers around the tions network, etc. In one chapter, he
The June 9 issue of THE STAR "landing area" where Betty claims to goes "Beyond Velikovsky" in sug-
reports on the 8-year study of UFOs have observed and photographed gesting explanations for a number of
conducted by Dr. Harley D. Rut- UFOs on many occasions. solar system mysteries. Granted,
ledge in southeastern Missouri. Rut- much of his material is speculation,
If you happened across a book but it is informed speculation, which
ledge's work is detailed in his new
with the title, HOW TO BUILD A is a far cry from wild guesses. I en-
book, PROJECT IDENTIFICATION,
FLYING SAUCER: AND OTHER joyed the book very much and cer-
published by Prentice-Hall (and
PROPOSALS IN SPECULATIVE tainly recommend it to you. It is
highly recommended).
ENGINEERING, you might be for- available in a trade paperback edi-
Daniel Cohen contributes the
given for regarding it with some tion for $5.95 from: Prentice-Hall,
"UFO Update" column for the June
suspicion. However, there is such a Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632.
issue of OMNI. Cohen gives a fairly
book and its author, T. B. Pawlicki, is
objective summary of the "great air-

(Director's Message, ConL)

future class to be conducted in the hope that the mail strike in Canada is The entire MUFON organiza-
San Francisco Bay Area should write promptly resolved, since it has al- tion has offered its heartfelt condol-
to Mr. Gates at 1055 Remington ready affected our correspondence ences to Mr. Norbert Mathey, hus-
Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94087. and monthly Journal delivery.) band of Barbara C. Mathey, MUFON
Robert Spencer, State Director Continental Coordinator for Africa,
for Colorado, has announced that Starting with the April 1973 French Translator and Research
the next "Colorado MUFON Get UFO flap in the Piedmont, Missouri, Specialist. Barbara died June 10,
Together" is scheduled for 2:00 p.m. locality, Harley D. Rutledge, Ph.D., 1981. She was born on September
Sunday, July 26,1981, at the home of has been conducting an instrument- 10, 1917, in Sewickley, Pa., and at-
Vance Reed, 11353 Humboldt, North ed search for UFO evidence. Dr. tended Vassar College. She resided
glenn, CO 80233. Rutledge and his associates at South- in Paris, France, for 10 years and in
Tim Martin, Amateur Radio VE- east Missouri State University took the Los Angeles area for many years.
4AJM in Canada, has responded to on the task of witnessing, photo- Services were held on June 13th at
the recent article in the Journal sug- graphing, and recording UFOs St. Aldan's Episcopal Church in
gesting the formation of an interna- under controlled conditions. His West Los Angeles. After attending
tional UFO net in the 10, 15, or 20 new book titled "Project Identifica- every MUFON UFO Symposium
meter amateur radio bands. We in- tion: The First Scientific Field Study since 1975, Barbara's presence in
vite others around the world to ex- of the UFO Phenomena" (Prentice- Cambridge, Mass, was sadly missed.
press their interest in such a weekly Hall) is a complete report, illustrated She and Norbert have expressed
net by either writing to MUFON in with photos, diagrams, and statisti- their support of the Mutual UFO
Seguin, Texas, or Tim Martin, 213 cal tables of their work. Please con- Network over the past few years
Alcrest Drive, Winnipeg, Manitoba tact your local book store to order a through their generous contributions.
R3R OY2, Canada. (We sincerely copy, listed at $10.95.
19
by
DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE Walt Andrus

When the readers of The posium Proceedings and are availa- search and also presented a paper
MUFON UFO Journal receive this ble from MUFON for $10.00 in the entitled "UFOlogy in Canada: Past,
issue, the Twelfth Annual MUFON U.S. funds plus $1.50 for postage Present and Future." Mr. Stacy parti-
UFO Symposium will have made its and handling. cipated in the formal meeting of
mark in current Ufology with anoth- We are extremely proud to an- PICUR, an independent internation-
er very successful conference. Ev- nounce the appointment of Robert al organization, dedicated to placing
eryone in the host organization, H. Bletchman, J.D., as our new State the study of the UFO phenomenon
Massachusetts MUFON, is to be Director for Connecticut. His mail- on a professional level worldwide.
congratulated for doing a superb job ing address is 90 Oxford St., Man- As an organization, MUFON en-
under the leadership of Joe Santan- chester, CT 06040 and his home dorses these positive efforts and
gelo, the Symposium Chairman. telephone is (203) 646-5237. Bob offers our support.
The real key to their success may be has been lecturing on the subject of During the early morning hours
attributed to the detailed planning UFOs for many years and has utilized of Sunday, May 31, 1981, Walt An-
and implementation by the respec- his legal training to perform objective drus was the guest for 2Vz hours on
tive committees. The Committee investigations. Carl A. Raschke, the "Frank Andrews Show" on the
Chairpersons and their areas of res- Ph.D., a college professor, is the new 50,000 watt voice of radio station
ponsibility were Joan Thompson, State Section Director for the Color- WCAU-AM in Philadelphia, PA.
Program; Joe Nyman,Financial; Bob ado counties of Adams, Arapahoe, This is the program that fills the
Taylor, Facilities; and Mrs. Merlyn E. and Jefferson. Dr. Raschke resides at Saturday night schedule of "The
Sheehan, Public Relations. The out- 2950 East Iliff Ave., Denver, CO Larry King Show" on the Mutual
standing program was arranged 80210. He may be contacted by tele- Radio Network. Your Director re-
through the efforts of Miss Thomp- phone at (303) 692-9527. Two new cognized the voice of Mrs. Patricia
son's Program Committee com- Research Specialists are Steven T. Toner, our State Section Director in
posed of Virginia "Ginny" Neurath, Adams, 204 Wayne Avenue, Lans- the Philadelphia area, when she
David Webb, Walter Webb, and Bar- downe, PA 19050 and Charles J. called in during the question and
ry Greenwood. Capaul, 3654 Slater Court, San Jose, answer portion of the program.
With the incomparable Massa- CA 95132. The National Enquirer's most
chusetts Institute of Technology as Mrs. Gayle C. McBride, Assistant thorough UFO investigator and wri-
the locale, we are all indebted to Dr. State Director for North Carolina, is ter, Bob Pratt, has recently resigned
Charles Stark Draper, our M.I.T. to be commended for producing the from this weekly tabaloid to devote
Sponsor and Robert Taylor, organi- quarterly report of UFO sightings full time as a free lance writer. MU-
zational sponsor for making it possi- and identifying the location of each FON will continue to work with Bob
ble for MUFON to meet at this most on a U.S. map. This is a joint effort in his new capacity. We sincerely
prestigious institution. The study of through the cooperation of the Mu- hope that the Enquirer will be able to
UFOs has reached an era of respect- tual UFO Network, Inc., Center for find another investigator/writer of
ability when a gentleman of Dr.Dra- UFO Studies, Phenomena Research, Bob's caliber, since they have lost
per's stature is willing to be the Ground Saucer Watch, Inc., and the their only professional in Ufology.
faculty sponsor at M.I.T. This is in- Tarheel UFO Study Group. Tom Gates, MUFON Consultant
deed a milestone in elevating the Dennis W. Stacy, Director of in Astronomy, conducted a two-day
UFO phenomenon from a contro- Publications, represented MUFON UFO seminar on June 13th and 14th
versial subject to one deserving seri- at the Second London International at the Mercury Savings and Loan
ous scientific study of what may be UFO Congress held May 24 and 25, Meeting Room in the San Antonio
termed "the greatest mystery of our 1981, at the Mount Royal Hotel in Shopping Center, Mountain View,
time." London, England. Featured speaker Calif. On July 1st, he will start teach-
Bruce Maccabee, Ph.D., State Direc- ing one of his popular UFO short
The September issue of the Jour- tor for Maryland, titled his presenta- courses for adults at Foothill College
nal will contain an illustrated com- tion "New Information on the UFO in Los Altos Hills, Calif. Anyone
mentary of the symposium, for those Phenomenon." David Haisell, MU- interested in joining this class or a
who were unable to attend. The FON member from Canada, gave
presented papers have been publish- the Report from the Provisional In-
ed in the 1981 MUFON UFO Sym- ternational Committee on, UFO Re-