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Number 165 November 1961

Founded 1967 $1.50



(1981 Photo by Greg Long)
(USPS 002-970) The update report by John Schuessler on the Cash-Landrum radia-
103 Oldtowne Rd. tion case shows it to be one of the most significant reports in modern
Seguin, Texas 78155 UFO history. The possible explanations are only two: either it was
some military test device, tested along a highway near a large urban
RICHARD HALL area with reckless disregard for human safety, or it was a strange air-
borne phenomenon with many of the same features attributed to
ANN DRUFFEL UFOs over the years. It seems very doubtful that any such highly
Associate Editor radioactive device would be tested where this object was seen. Yet
that would appear to be the only alternative to a luminous,
LEN STRINGFIELD maneuverable, flame-spewing, noise-making, radioactive . .. UFO.
Associate Editor

Contributing Editor

In this issue
Director of MUFON
TED BLOECHER By John F. Schuessler
Humanoid Study Group By Gregory Long
A RESPONSE - Part 2 n
REV. BARRY DOWNING By Wendelle C. Stevens
Religion and UFOs


Astronomy ("UFOs: The Image Hypothesis") 16
By Bill Chalker
Landing Trace Cases IN OTHERS' WORDS 19
By Lucius Parish
UFO Propulsion
DENNIS W. STACY By Walt Andrus
Staff Writer

Editor/Publishers Emeritus

The MUFON UFO JOURNAL is The contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL are determined by the editor, and
published by the Mutual UFO do not necessarily represent the official position of MUFON. Opinions of
Network, Inc., Seguin, Texas. contributors are their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor, the
Membership/Subscription rates: staff, or MUFON. Articles may be forwarded directly to MUFON. Responses to
$15.00 per year in the U.S.A.; published articles may be in a Letter to the Editor (up to about 400 words) or in a
$16.00 foreign. Copyright 1981 by short article (up to about 2,000 words). Thereafter, the "50% rule" is applied: the
the Mutual UFO Network. Second article author may reply but will be allowed half the wordage used in the
class postage paid at Seguin,
Texas. POSTMASTER: Send form response; the responder may answer the author but will be allowed half the
3579 to advise change of address wordage used in the author's reply; etc. All submissions are subject to editing for
to The MUFON UFO JOURNAL, style, clarity, and conciseness.
103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin, Texas Permission is hereby granted to quote from this issue provided not more than 200
78155. words are quoted from any one article, the author of the article is given credit, and
the statement "Copyright 1981 by the MUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103 Oldtowne Rd.,
Seguin, Texas" is included.
By John F. Schuessler

(Note: This follow-up report is based on a

presentation to the Sept. 1981 CUFOS
UFO Conference. The case was initially
reported in the Apr. 1981 issue, No. 158.)

The problem of radiation sickness

caused by UFOs is defined by these
brief examples:
October 24, 1887: Venezuelan
family exposed to a brightly lit
unidentified flying object (UFO) and
suffered burns, vomiting, hair loss,
and extensive swelling.
May 20, 1967: Canadian prospec-
tor Stephen Michalak encountered a
landed UFO and suffered burns,
nausea, vomiting, swelling and an ex-
tended illness.
October 3, 1973; Missouri truck
driver exposed to an extremely bright
UFO, blinded for days, and had vi-
sion impairment for a year. Artist's Rendition of the Sighting
These and hundreds of similar in- (By Kathy Schuessler)
cidents indicate that UFOs are
seriously affecting people. How can
these people be helped? What can we night and the road was deserted. The better look at the UFO. Colby was
learn about UFOs by studying these first indication of something unusual terrified and dove back into the car,
human effects? was the presence of a very intense begging his grandma to get back in,
A small team of engineers, scien- light several miles ahead just above too. Vickie did and comforted Colby.
tists, and medical specialists have the pine trees. Betty remarked about Betty stood momentarily by the
formed Project VISIT (Vehicle Inter- the unusual brightness, but temporar- driver's door and then walked for-
nal Systems Investigative Team), to ily lost sight of it due to the many ward to the front of the car. After
be a clearinghouse for all UFO in- trees along the road. much pleading by Vickie, Betty final-
cidents involving medical injury or Suddenly, hovering over the road ly returned to the car. The door han-
alleged entry into a UFO. VISIT only a short distance ahead was an dle was so hot she used her leather
members collect and analyze data on enormous diamond shaped object. "It coat as a hotpad to open the door.
the physical effects of UFOs on peo- was like a diamond of fire," Vickie Although the winter night air had
ple. This scientific and medical data is said. The glow was so intense they been about 40°F, the heat from the
then examined to discover the prob- could barely stand to look at it. Vickie UFO caused the witnesses to sweat
able mechanisms of the UFO. at first thought it was the fulfillment and feel so uncomfortable that they
The latest entry into the VISIT data of biblical prophecy and expected turned on the car's air conditioner.
base occurred on December 29,1980, Jesus to come out of the fire in the Each time the object would shoot
when three Texans encountered a sky. flames downward it would rise. As
UFO and suffered severe medical In addition to lighting the whole the flames stopped it would drop in
consequences. Betty Cash (51), Vickie area like daytime, the UFO period- altitude. The intense glow, however,
Landrum (57), and Vickie's grandson ically belched flames downward. never changed. In addition, .the
Colby Landrum (7), were driving Fearing they would be burned alive threesome heard an irregular beeping
home to Dayton, Texas, on the Betty stopped the 1980 Oldsmobile sound throughout the sighting.
Cleveland-Huffman road just north of Cutlass without leaving the road.
Lake Houston. It was 9 o'clock at They all got out of the car to get a (continued on next page)
Radiation, Continued
Finally, the flames stopped, the ob-
ject rose to the south-west, and was
lost from sight. Vickie and Colby
commented that several helicopters
could be seen above and beyond the
UFO. Vickie said with relief, "we're
safe and we're sound, but I'm burning
and it's so hot."
Betty was directly exposed to the
object 5 to 10 minutes, Vickie 3 to 5
minutes, and Colby only a minute or
so. As Betty raced homeward she
turned right on FM 2100. Five
minutes had lapsed and just ahead
was the UFO and a large number of
helicopters. "The sky was full of
helicopters," Betty said. Some were
neart the object and others lagged
behind. She feared the helicopters
would collide. They were dazzled as
they counted more than 20 helicop-
ters. According to Vickie, "The Sighting Location; I. Alan Holt; r. Vickie Landrum
helicopter roar was like a tornado."
They sped onward towards home,
turning on to the Huffman-Eastgate
road, then to FM 1960. By this time
the object had been in sight, climbing
into the night sky, for another 5
minutes. On FM 1960 the threesome
were going away from the UFO, but
could still observe it as a diminishing
bright light for 2 or 3 more minutes.

Unusual Medical Effects

Betty dropped Vickie and Colby in
Dayton and arrived home at 9:05
p.m. where her friend Wilma was
waiting. Vickie said as she left the car,
"My head hurts, I'm sick." Betty felt
even worse. In addition to a terrible
headache and nausea, her neck began
to swell and red blotches appeared on
her face and head.
December 29th was a turning point Betty Cash Showing Hair Loss
in the lives of Betty and Vickie. Betty,
an unusually energetic woman, had After a number of telephone calls a where she returned to the hospital for
plans to open a new restaurant. The doctor instructed Vickie to take Betty 15 more days. During the weeks that
sickness that followed ruined those to the hospital emergency room followed the incident, Vickie treated
plans. For the next four days Betty's where the staff received and treated herself and Colby with baby oil to
health degraded. Her eyes swelled her as a burn patient. Over the next stop the burning of their faces. Their
closed, the red blotches became several days Betty lost patches of skin stomach pains and diarrhea stopped
blisters of clear fluid, and she was on her face and about 50 % of her hair after a couple of weeks but their eyes
weak with diarrhea and nausea. The fell out. are apparently permanently damaged
headaches never ceased. Because Bet- After 12 days in the hospital Betty and treatment continues. Colby had
ty was unable to function, Vickie was went home, even though she had nightmares for weeks and was ex-
afraid she would die and set out to shown little improvement. Her condi-
locate her doctor. tion again degraded to the point (continued on next page)
Radiation, Continued
tremely frightened by bright lights in
the night sky or by helicopters


Colby Erythema (reddening of the skin)
Eyes swollen and watery
Stomach pains
Anorexia (loss of appetite)
Some weight loss
Increase in tooth cavities

Vickie Erythema
Photophthalmia (eyes swollen, watery,
and painful)
Vision greatly diminished
Stomach pains
Ulceration on the arms, resulting in
scarring and loss of pigmentation
Kararin affected resulting in fingernail Vickie Landrum: Photophobia Eye Condition
Hair loss
Hair regrowth of a different texture

Betty Erythema
Acute photophthalmia (eyes swollen
closed, painful, watery)
Vision impaired
Stomach pains
Vomiting, diarrhea
Loss of energy, lethargy
Scarring and loss of skin pigmentation
Excessive hair loss
Hair regrowth of a different texture

The electromagnetic spectrum is

divided into groups according to
wavelengths. X-rays and gamma rays
have very short wavelengths; ultra-
violet radiation, visible light, and in-
frared have increasingly longer wave-
lengths. Since the regions overlap, an
exposed person may suffer effects of
more than one region — x-ray and
ultraviolet for example. Vickie Landrum: Sores Persist After 8 Months

Exposure to ultraviolet radiation

dose, amount of exposure, and a num- were at least 20. Illumination from
can produce photophobia, photo- ber of other variables. However, the glowing object clearly showed
phthalmia (arc-eye), edema of the there is no type of radiation that is not details of the helicopters even though
eyelids, and erythema of the skin. Ex- potentially dangerous to the eye. Cer- the night was dark and the moon was
posure-to gamma and x-radiation can tainly most of the listed symptoms in the third quarter. At least two dif-
provide a strong general weakness,
can be found in the Cash/Landrum in- ferent helicopter models were pres-
anorexia, nausea, vomiting, apathy, cident. ent, but they referred also to the one
severe headache, sleeplessness, and
large thing amidst the helicopters.
dizziness. The Helicopters Through use of helicopter iden-
The symptoms provide a clue to
All the witnesses were interrogated tification charts one model was clear-
the type of radiation exposure. The
separately for information about the ly identified as the Boeing CH-47
degree of illness depends upon the
type and energy of the radiation, the helicopters. They all agreed there (continued on next page)
Radiation, Continued
Chinook. Another was identified as
being similar to the Bell Huey model,
but not positively identified as such.
Each of the witnesses not only
identified the shape and main charac-
teristics of the Chinook, they also
pointed out details such as the wheels,
lighting pattern, and sounds.
Contact with the Houston Interna-
tional Airport FAA representative
provided the following:
Distinctive Silhouette of CH-47 Helicopter
• 350-400 helicopters operate com-
mercially in the Houston area. United States if they were prepared assist the Houston-based Project
• All are single rotor types (no to relate the nature of objects such as VISIT to conduct the investigation by
Chinooks). the one at Huffman and others where providing consultants, recommenda-
• Helicopter traffic flies Visual public safety is at stake. Betty and tions, and data pertaining to similar
Flight Rules (VFR), consequently they Vickie have never said the Huffman cases. Such cooperation is in the best
do not contact the tower. UFO was a flying saucer with little interest of all parties involved.
• Beyond 15 miles from the airport green men. They believe it was a The investigation continues. The
they must stay below 1,800 feet. government-sponsored operation of future health state of Betty, Vickie,
• The Houston radar is limited to some kind. Others that saw and heard and Colby is yet to be determined.
2,000-2,200 feet around Lake the helicopters that evening have the However, several radiation specialists
Houston due to the location of an- same feeling. have given freely of their time and
tenna. Third, UFO organizations usually talents to establish a program of
do not cooperate to the fullest to help rehabilitation and care. Full treatment
Contact with military installations the witnesses. The Huffman incident is still lacking because the data on the
was of little help. Fort Polk, Fort is an exception. The Mutual UFO source of the problem, the UFO, is
Hood, Dallas Naval Air Station, and Network of Seguin, Texas, the Center still not available.
England AFB stated they did not fly for UFO Studies of Evanston, Illinois, Project VISIT members are avail-
into the Houston area that evening. and the Aerial Phenomena Research able on call for consultation. The ad-
The unit operating out of Ellington Organization of Tucson, Arizona, all dress of VISIT is Post Office Box 877,
AFB in Houston had landed before cooperated in a responsible manner to Friendswood, Texas 77546.
the sighting time. Robert Gray Field (Photographs provided by John Schuessler)
had 100 helicopters come in from the
field at one time "for effect," but
claimed to have avoided the Houston
area. Hence, no one claims the heli-
copters that filled the Huffman area
sky that winter night.

Project UFOMD — a network of duce a catalogue correlating the
This incident clearly points up doctors to intensively study UFO- resulting data. Investigators aware of
several serious conditions. First, when related injury cases — has been such cases are urged to have the
a person is involved in a close en- organized by radiologist Richard C. witness consult a physician of their
counter with a UFO they find it near- Niemtzow. Before being called to ac- own choice, and Dr. Niemtzow will
ly impossible to obtain immediate tive duty in the Air Force, Dr. Niemt- be available as a consultant to the
assistance. The police, newspapers, zow was active in MUFON and Proj- primary physician. Clinical and
and even doctors receive their plea ect VISIT in the Houston, Texas, area. laboratory tests should be conducted
for help with tongue in cheek. The Doctors in the MUFON network are on the witness in each case.
doctors, being unprepared for a invited to contact Dr. Niemtzow and Interested physicians, including
bizarre account like Betty's, spend a offer their services. doctors working with patients report-
lot of time trying to determine what is Over about a 2-year period he ing UFO-related injuries, should con-
wrong, as a standard treatment hopes to investigate and assess a tact Dr. Niemtzow at (707) 446-5050
method has never been defined. minimum of 12 cases dealing with or write to him at 532 Merchant St.,
Second, military organizations medical injuries incurred during UFO Vacaville, CA 95688.
could better serve the citizens of the close encounters, and possibly pro-
By Gregory Long
(© 1981 by Gregory Long)

Kenneth Arnold's sighting on June a 1977 commemorative issue of the "I wasn't smart enough to dodge
24, 1947, of nine crescent-shaped ob- East Oregonian celebrating the 30th an- Noland Skiff. After the story of my
jects flying in formation near Mount niversary of Arnold's sighting. sighting, reporters came out of the
Rainier is practically a cliche. It was Each story that I skimmed rang woodwork," he said. 'They'd ask a
the era of the Cold War, and Arnold, with the same conviction and internal few questions, then go away and
a private businessman and pilot, was consistency — the man had seen nine begin writing stories. The thing was,
convinced that what he had seen strange objects; the sighting had oc- the stories were all different!"
were guided missiles, perhaps of Rus- curred as originally reported; time Arnold was particularly angry
sian origin. As he wrote later in The had not eroded the reality of the about Dr. J. Allen Hynek, former Air
Coming of the Saucers (1952), a privately event. Force consultant on UFOs for more
published book co-authored with When I finished with the last clip- than 20 years, and now director of
science fiction writer and editor Ray ping, Doris sat down on the sofa, and the Center for UFO Studies.
Palmer, "If, reasoning along patriotic I talked with her about my interest in According to Arnold, Hynek told
lines alone, I had not reported my UFOs. Arnold soon joined her. His him that he (Hynek) had received
observations, I would have been gray hair contrasted brightly with the from the Air Force for analysis the
rightfully considered disloyal to my single tone of his blue shirt, dark wrong report made by Arnold of his
country." pants, and black boots, and the white sighting. On the basis of this report,
A short time later, Arnold came to Western string tie clipped at this neck Hynek concluded in the official Proj-
regret his act of patriotic duty. On the added the kind of detail I expected to ect Blue Book files that "certain incon-
day of his sighting, he landed in this craggy-faced, 66-year-old man sistencies" existed in Arnold's
Pendleton, Oregon, and finding the who had carved out his own liveli- estimated size of and distance from
local FBI office closed, visited Noland hood from this part of the West. the nine objects. Therefore, according
Skiff, editor of the East Oregonian. Ar- Arnold began by handing me a to Hynek, the UFOs "may have been
nold had no intention of seeking copy of the works of Charles Fort. some sort of known aircraft."
publicity and merely wanted an ex- Fort, a former newspaper reporter,
planation of what he had seen. But published four books between 1919 Arnold was flabbergasted that
shortly thereafter, a short news story and 1932 that chronicle countless Hynek had not gone back to the
of his sighting (which coined the term unexplained phenomena, which in- original report. When asked why not,
"flying saucers") went over the wires, clude UFOs. These collected sightings Hynek said, "Well, I was working for
and all hell broke loose. have convinced Arnold that the U.S. the Air Force."
He was deluged by reporters, Air Force had no explanation for his "I wouldn't be surprised if Hynek
visited by military intelligence, and sighting, even though the military were still working with the Air
the longer, his sighting went unex- said that the nine objects were man- Force."
plained, was persecuted and ridiculed made or natural phenomena. Someone, at least, in the "cloistered
by disbelievers. Others began report- "I was convinced that what I saw scientific society," Arnold believes, is
ing strange objects in the skies, and might have been Air Force craft," Ar- debunking UFOs.
although such aerial anomalies had nold said. "I was astounded when I In addition to the skepticism that
been reported throughout history, the read Fort's books. There were similar- greeted Arnold after he reported his
modern era of UFOs was born, and ities between what I investigated and sighting, there came the harrassment
Arnold was permanently stigmatized what Fort had collected." and, as he said, "the nameless, faceless
as "The Man Who Started It All." As Arnold spoke, he revealed an people ridiculing me. I was con-
* ** unyielding, critical attitude toward sidered an Orson Welles, a fraud . . . I
I arrived earlier than expected at science that ignores, ridicules, or at- loved my country. I was very naive
Kenneth Arnold's house in Meridian, tempts to rationalize away the about the whole thing. I was the un-
Idaho, and while Arnold finished "damned," Fort's term for anomalous fortunate .goat who first reported
lunch with his wife of 40 years, Doris, data that do not fit established scien- them."
I went through a stack of memorabilia tific views. This attitude is readily Arnold took out a cigarette and lit
that he left with me in the living understandable given the treatment up.
room. There were newspaper clip- he has received at the hands of the
pings, magazine articles, photographs, press and the skeptics. (continued on next page)
Arnold, Continued
pense. Not so, said the IRS. What was Curiously, Palmer noticed that in a
required was a detailed accounting of religious tome, Oahspe, which pur-
"Governments are more afraid than
expenses; entered into a record book, ports to be "a history of the Earth and
anything, else of Joan of Arcs,
a standard the IRS strictly enforced. In Heavens for the past ,79,000 years,"
religious saints, or 'phenomena' that
this instance, no allowance for deduc- Ethereans, or astral entities, travel in
cause their self-destruction." This fear,
tions could be made because of Ar- vehicles along "roadways" that link
Arnold believes, seems to lie at the
nold's faulty record keeping. levels or plateaus in a spirit world that
center of the official attitude in all
Frustrated, Arnold threatened to exists from six inches to 100 miles
countries concerning UFOs.
call his attorney. Thirty-one years above the surface of the Earth. The
Arnold learned this truth himself in
ago, $2,500 was quite a sum of craft from both worlds, Palmer noted
the early days after his sighting when
money. In the end, up against the later, made the same peculiar flutter-
he was visited by Lt. Frank M. Brown
bureaucratic wall of government, Ar- ing motions as Arnold's UFOs sighted
and Capt. William Davidson of A-2
nold concluded that it wasn't worth it; in 1947. After further thought and in-
Military Intelligence. After discussing
he paid up. vestigation, Palmer concluded that
Arnold's sighting with him, the two
officers went through his mail and Shaver was contacting Oa/ispe-like
The Stymie Factor astral entities who could obsess or
selected letters from religious groups
and organizations that had written The ridicule, the debunking, the possess people, even though Shaver
Arnold for accounts of his ex- harrassment — they all added up to insisted that the astral, spiritualist
perience. Capt. Davidson himself told the "stymie factor," a term devised by view was "all wool" and that the Dero
Arnold that the government was Ray Palmer, a friend of Arnold for 30 did live under the surface of the Earth.
aware of the effects of religious fer- years, in a lecture that Palmer gave in Palmer added to these two literary
vor, and that they did not want that Chicago in 1977, two months before sources a third element — the obser-
to happen here. his death. vation in physics that subatomic mat-
Arnold also soon learned how the Arnold played a tape of this lecture ter is real and solid, and since human
Air Force, at first personable and for me. "Palmer had a dangerous beings are real and solid, then so must
friendly to him and eager to hear of theory," Arnold said. "If it's absolute- be their souls. And from the assump-
his sighting, soon changed its attitude, ly true, it would have to be given to tion that an invisible, spiritual,
perhaps because of the threat his ex- people like a piece of salami, one slice although solid, world coexists with
perience posed to the government. at a time over a period of 50 to 100 the Earth, Palmer drew a startling con-
The Knife and Fork Club originally years." The metaphor of the salami clusion: "... I think that the flying
invited him to speak on its lecture cir- had just the right air of absurdity to it saucers are the spirits of the dead."
cuit at $100 a day. At his own ex- to prepare me for the unexpected. As the tape ended, I reflected on
pense, Arnold printed a booklet, "The In a dry, fragmented voice, Palmer this "dangerous theory." It aptly
Flying Saucer As I Saw It," which he mused upon the past and his involve- drove out the extraterrestrial
planned to use as a program guide for ment with UFOs. Among his ex- hypothesis as the origin of UFOs, yet
his audience. Air Force military in- periences had been the "stymie it seemed hollow and incomplete,
telligence learned of this offer and factor," or the element of ridicule that mostly because of Palmer's damnably
suggested that Arnold not publicize paralyzed and flustered, such as it did frustrating, purposely detracting
his experience since the Air Force was Arnold when newsmen made "a statements that immediately fol-
still working on its investigation of mess" of everything he said. In the lowed: "I don't say that; I don't say
the sighting. Later, a letter arrived case of Palmer, the "stymie factor" that at a l l . . . I don't ask anyone to
from the Knife and Fork Club, mys- tongue-tied him in public debate with believe what I said."
teriously withdrawing the offer. Willy Ley in 1950 and ridiculed him Arnold removed the tape. Well,
Although Arnold could not prove in a Life magazine article in 1952 that what did he believe? Palmer had said
that the military was behind this mocked the Shaver stories. It is these on the tape that Arnold had been ada-
change of heart, the implication is too famous Shaver stories that form the mant that what he had seen in 1947
strong to ignore. root of Palmer's "dangerous theory," were machines. I wondered if Ken-
In 1950, the Internal Revenue Ser- as Arnold put it. neth Arnold was a "nuts and bolts-er."
vice (IRS) bedeviled Arnold with red In 1943, a man by the name of He shrugged his somewhat bowed
tape, which suggested that the Richard Shaver submitted a story to shoulders as he sat facing me in a
government was quite'interested in Palmer's Amazing Stories magazine. wicker chair. "I don't know what they
Arnold's involvement with the sub- Shaver described a secret under- are, but I'll tell you a story."
ject of UFOs. When filing his taxes, ground world in the Earth populated
Arnold presented receipts of all ex- by beings (the Dero) who traveled in The Anecdotes
penditures incurred during his private subterranean runnels in craft that per- In the early fall of 1952 or 1953,
investigations. These would have formed' like flying saucers. Supposed- Arnold was flying to San-Francisco.
been proof enough, he thought, to ly, Shaver received information about
justify deductions. for traveling ex- this world through "voices." (continued on next page)
Arnold, Continued "I've had the feeling with these things These targets appeared on radar for 3
that they are aware of me, but they years, most often in the summer, over
made no effort to come close.", the ocean, and travelled on 180°
The weather had been rough all' day I asked him whether these UFOs, headings with little change of bearing
and he landed in Fall River Mills, then, are some kind of lifeform.that at 30 miles an hour at 3,000 feet. The
California, when it was just beginning has the ability to assume the shape of source of these'targets "was invisible
to snow. He was tying up his airplane a craft. He shrugged. At best, what he to the naked eye and to aircraft sent
when two or three fellows at the air- saw were shaped like craft; but aloft. In some cases, the targets split
•port approached him and said that a perhaps, he said, we are being visited into two, which continued on 180°
plane had crashed near a ranch 6 in a mechanical sense., headings and then later merged
miles out of town. Because of his ex- "It's possible that intelligent life can together. Some targets came to a com-
perience in search and rescue, Arnold make the journey from other galax- plete halt. The_ radar expert never
decided that he would help, and he ies. I wouldn't want to be selfish; I found a satisfactory 'explanation for
accompanied about 20 other men to wouldn't deny that anything's possi- this phenomenon after extensive
the ranch, arriving approximately 20 ble." study and the painstaking elimination
to 30 minutes after the plane had Arnold related stories of UFO of all possibilities.
gone down. sightings experienced by other in- Arnold pointed out to me that the
A farmer, his wife, and children dividuals in the Northwest and in radar station was later closed down
testified that they had heard the Idaho. One that was particularly in- after military interest in reports of
sound of a plane before it suddenly triguing concerned two disks that "mystery submarines" in the area and
went silent near a meadow. Outside, flew over Mount Adams, Washing- of objects seen leaving the ocean.
the family saw a globe of light the size ton, and crashed in the trees, leaving Arnold removed the last tape.
of a basketball circling through the air behind a gelatinous substance and a What did all this add up to, I asked
near a draw. This light was followed sulphurous odor. The foreman of a him, playing the student imploring
by a second one moments before the construction crew building a road for the wise teacher. Arnold was
rescuers arrived, which vanished, like the county at the base of the moun- prepared for that, and later I would
the first, into the worsening snow- tain scooped up a sample of the consider my question very presump-
storm. substance in a jar. The sample subse- tuous. He handed me a card. One
The storm intensified so badly that quently vanished into thin air. sentence on it read: "Who but the
rescue was impossible until the morn- Creator could have created so great a
ing when an old Army training plane man as the unbeliever?"
and the dead bodies of two college Kenneth Arnold is certainly not a
The Tapes
students were discovered. One man believer. Even if Ray Palmer's theory
had died from a crushed head; the sec- As the afternoon lengthened, Ar- of the "spirits of the dead" were true,
ond man, practically cut in half, had nold brought out tape recordings of Arnold knows that it wouldn't be ac-
crawled to the base of a tree where he interviews he made with witnesses in cepted: "The status quo of religion is
had died, according to a doctor who the late 1940's of strange phenomena so geared from an economic basis, an
visited the site, about 20 minutes after the in the skies. Three of these interviews hypnotic basis; that no one wants a
crash. This would have been the ap- concern flying men. simple explanation."
proximate time that the farm family What was most striking about these Arnold once sent President Dwight
had seen the second light. interviews were the straightforward, Eisenhower a telegram warning him
Arnold added matter-of-factly that detailed descriptions of the objects, that Americans were being visited by
such lights are not unusual in his ex- and the insistence of the witnesses "other worlds." Now, as the theories
perience. People involved in search that they had seen something unde- of the origin and purpose of UFOs
and rescue have often seen globes of niably real. The mundane context of have changed, so has Arnold, and he
light associated with dying or dead the experiences also seemed notewor- admits, at best, that "it's a complicated
people, and the same phenomenon thy. In one case, a woman had been sort of thing." Even though "after 30
has occurred at crash scenes in Idaho. eating an orange and had gone to the years, if there's proof [of UFOs] the
As a boy of seven, he himself had kitchen sink to wash her hands when government has it," Arnold believes
seen, along with others, a globe of she thought she saw seagulls in the that the world will probably never ac-
light in a room where the body of his air, but looking more closely, noticed cept the reality of their existence
great-grandmother lay in state. that three men dressed in khaki .suits since "we are so engrossed in
Spirits? Machines? Or something and wearing helmets were flying in economic or selfish pursuits."
else? the sky at the height and speed' of an In part; Arnold sees his own in-
Arnold had his eighth sighting of airplane. volvement in the UFO controversy in
UFOs in 1952 near Susanville, In a fourth interview, an electronics terms of his responsibility to fellow
California. What Arnold saw. were and radar -expert spoke with Arnold
two apparent "craft," one of which about mysterious targets observed at
was totally transparent. 'They looked the Landing Aids Experiment Station
like something alive," he told me. on the coastline in Arcata, California. • .(continued on next page)
Arnold, Continued sented a number of his own investiga- FUND APPEAL
tions into unconventional fireballs in
professional pilots. From the very Members of MUFON, APRO,
the Southwest; blue-green "flashes,"
beginning, he saw that many pilots CUFOS, and others interested in scien-
UFOs, and mystery fires in the Pacific
would have liked to have stood up tific investigation of UFOs will be
Northwest; and river-dwelling purple
and recounted their own sightings of receiving an appeal for donations
"globes" in Canada. In the fall issue,
unexplained objects, but couldn't from the Fund for UFO Research by
he described "phantom lights" in
because of the threat to their jobs. Of the end of the year. Formed over two
Nevada. Additionally, some of Ar-
those who did come forward, Arnold years ago, the Fund now has a track
nold's other cases have come to light
resented the criticism they received record to show that it means business,
(although sketchily) in the past few
from "mundane scientists." In turn, he but proposals already on hand would
years, namely at the Fate magazine-
felt that any criticism he received (un- exhaust the Fund's resources very
sponsored First International UFO
til recently, he had flown since 1932) quickly if all were supported. A con-
Congress in Chicago in 1977.
was a criticism of all pilots. Above all, tinuing flow of contributions is
As I was preparing to leave, Arnold
Arnold disliked people impugning needed to sustain the momentum and
showed me a film can containing a
the professional integrity of pilots accomplish many worthwhile studies
16-mm movie that he had taken of a
who place the utmost emphasis on now awaiting support.
glowing "cylinder" over Idaho Falls,
safe travel and the security of their In the past two years the Fund has:
Idaho, on July 9, 1966, at 2 p.m. Ar-
passengers. For these reasons, he * underwritten part of the legal
nold said that the object in some ways
' spoke out on the subject. costs of the GSW/CAUS lawsuits
looked like an atmospheric balloon.
However, what Arnold was left against the CIA and NSA for the
However, the object was traveling
with after his public involvement release of over 300 UFO documents,
against winds of 45 to 80 mph blow-
with UFOs was frustration and hurt. and assisted with related press con-
ing from the north-northwest.
"When it happens to you, you're ferences in Washington, D.C.
Despite the evidence for UFOs that
completely helpless," he discovered. * supported an initial investigation
he has collected, Arnold is in no rush
He spent $30,000 of his own money of newly-declassified documents with
to present it to the world. He con-
in his private investigations of UFOs a possible bearing on early UFO
siders that he has lived on "hunches"
arid related phenomena. Out of that history and U.S. government in-
his whole life and the time simply
came strong clues that UFOs really vestigations.
isn't right. Besides, for Arnold the
exist, yet except for the rancher and * established the $1,000 Alvin H.
businessman, UFOs are a business
the "fellow pitching hay," no one Lawson Award for the best UFO arti-
listened to him. cle published during the year, to en-
Several years ago the National En-
What puzzled him the most was courage high-quality research and
quirer showed interest in The Coming of
what people did with his experience publication.
the Saucers. Arnold sent Bob Pratt a
— ridicule it, criticize it, exploit it. Ex- * expended funds for investigation
copy of the book for him to explore
cept for The Coming of the Saucers, of the December 29, 1980 Huffman,
the possibility of serializing it. Arnold
which was privately printed and Texas, case in which three witnesses
told Pratt that he would want the
distributed, and the modest profits (continued on next page)
book run exactly as it was. Nothing
which went to support research into should be deleted or added since the There is a clear lesson here for Ar-
UFOs or to aid charity, Arnold never book represented exactly what he nold, who — if no one else — recog-
tried to write about his experiences or had experienced. Arnold also asked nizes the value of his experiences.
to profit from them. His attitude has Pratt what his feelings were about Thus, he would demand, at mini-
been "take it or leave it." UFOs. Pratt answered in complete mum, a return on his original invest-
However, for Arnold to say that he seriousness that UFOs were "the ment from anyone who wrote the full
hasn't written about his experiences greatest discovery in the history of story of Kenneth Arnold.
isn't quite accurate although it is true planet Earth." And although Pratt did This view isn't surprising given the
that he hasn't attempted to get rich not make a formal offer on the book, personal history of Arnold. "I've
off UFOs. Fate magazine published a he asked Arnold if he would consider always been a do-er," he said. A
series of articles written by him in its $8,000. resourceful, independent, rugged
1948 issues. In the spring issue, Ar- To Arnold, UFOs are, at least, the man, Arnold made it through the
nold recounted the Mount Rainier greatest aeronautical mystery in the Depression, the toughest years of his
sighting and his involvement in the history of planet Earth and a subject life, built his own business, his own
Maury Island incident in Tacoma, truly international in scope. He con- house, his own planes, and because of
Washington, in which Capt. David- sidered Pratt's figure highly unreason- a fateful moment near Mount Rainier
son and Lt. Brown died while trans- able compared to the $250,000 that and his good conscience, was caught
porting purported "fragments" of a Arnold knew the Enquirer had paid up in a series of events that have
UFO to Hamilton Field, California. one of President John F. Kennedy's added up to, plainly, "a pain in the
In the summer issue, Arnold pre- mistresses to print her story. neck/'D

By Wendelle C. Stevens

(Part I, in the previous issue, dealt with ac- negatives from which all subsequent second lens system from the UFO itself.
cusations and alleged distortions in Korff's prints were made. As the pictures We did all of our testing on four of
article in the December 1980 issue, No. Herr Falk sent to GSW were in posi- these internegatives. This is the
154. This part concentrates on the GSW tive slide format, they had to be shot closest to the original that has been
analysis of the Meier photos.) from either Meier's album or from tested, to our knowledge. We have
stock prints in Meier's collections, not allowed any of the originals (ex-
It is essential that a full response be both being prints made from Schutz- cept the cover photo) out of Meier's
given to Korff's lengthy section on bach's 35mm copy negatives. These hands for anything. The rest are pro-
the role of GSW and their "computer prints were already four lens-systems tected in safes and will not be pro-
analyses" of the Meier photos. Korff's from the originals. Shooting them on- duced until no further testing is possi-
first statement concerning • "first to slides again added a fifth lens- ble on the internegatives and only if a
generation" copies of the photos is system. This is the best Falk could serious question remains in doubt
false. No first generation copies of the have had unless he was one of those which only the original could resolve.
photos were let out of Meier's hands who stole some of the original diapos- Then that one original may be taken
(except those which were stolen from itives. The slides I have seen from this by courier to an appropriate testing
him) until March of 1977, when the lot do not look any closer than fifth facility for examination in the pres-
original diapositive of the cover generation. ence of the courier, to be immediately
photo of our book was released to a Someone also provided a set of the returned by him to it's depository
Munich TV station for a news item same slides to Colman von Keviczky upon completion of testing:
on the Swiss case. It was returned two and it may have been the same Herr As I have explained in other
weeks later. This is one of the photos Falk. I have a set of these slides and responses to criticisms, the modes of
we tested exhaustively. All of the mine are certainly dim and off-color. computer enhancement are quite spe-.
original diapositives were taken in to Some are even crops of the originals. cific and are most productive when
have direct positive prints made. On the other hand, I have taken particularly applied to each separate
These became the master prints from Meier's remaining original diaposi- photograph. The "buckshot" treat-
which Hans Schutzbach made copy tives to the best custom photo shop in ment of running ten different photos
negatives by shooting the prints again Zurich, Photo Kino, and had custom in the same program is not much bet-
on 35mm negative film with a hand- internegatives produced in 4" x 5" ter than no test at all.
held camera. These became the file and 7 x 9 centimeter sizes. This is the (continued on next page)
Fund, Continued adequate funds are not now available,
are a computerized data bank study obtain meaningful, scientific evidence
suffered physical and emotional
of UFO sightings; a study of Spanish on the nature of UFOs. Contributions
trauma during a UFO close en-
physical trace cases; a compilation are deductible on 1981 (or 1982)
counter, which was apparently under
and astronomical analysis of pre-1947 Federal income tax returns (IRS#
observation by military helicopters.
sightings; and an extensive catalogue 52-1164176). MUFON members who
* provided a grant to Ted
and study of the 1896-97 "airship" wish to earmark a contribution in the
Bloecher/Budd Hopkins/Aphrodite
mystery. The Fund has also alerted name of the organization may do so
Clamar for intensive study of a group
MUFON investigators to the fact that by indicating this on the check or in a
of .witnesses who have reported being
financial aid can be quickly funneled covering note. We plan to report the
abducted by alien humanoids.
to help pay for laboratory analysis or amount of MUFON support in a
* made an award to UFO Interna-
clinical tests in promising CE-II or CE- future issue.
tional Annual Review (UPIAR), the
III cases involving potentially signifi- The Fund is also offering for $30
first scientific refereed journal
cant physical evidence. The Fund's ($15 of which is tax deductible) a col-
devoted to the UFO phenomenon,
"quick response" effort has a high lection of 200 UFO documents re-
Bologna, Italy.
priority, as long as the funds for it are leased by the FBI and CIA under the
* funded the writing and prepara-
available, to help assure that impor- Freedom of Information Act.
tion of a carefully researched UFO
tant evidence will not be lost due to (Information supplied by Dr. Bruce 5.
slide/tape presentation for educational
lack of appropriate analysis or testing. Maccabee, Chairman, and Fred Whiting,
purposes, to be loaned to schools,
Publicity Director.) '
libraries, and community groups.
These are worthy goals to benefit
Some of the additional proposals all of ufology, but they require the Fund for UFO Research, Box 277,
now under consideration, for which support of everyone who wants to Mt. Rainier, MD 20712.

Meier Photos, Continued
and lens systems at the SPIES Sym- phere effects on distant features in the
When I checked out the GSW posium in San Diego, listing at photos are not noticeable on any of
methods in 1977, I found that GSW $52,000, to introduce pur images into the UFO images, is also wrong. A
was sending batches of up to ten; the storage system. We also used the glance at the facing photos, in se-
photos at a time to Spatial Data top-of-the-line Hammamatsu micro- quence, on pages 29 and 30 of our
Systems of Goleta, California for pro- densitometer for digitizing at both 5 book, will demonstrate this misinter-
cessing in a program designed for micron and Vi micron sizes for anal- pretation. In Volume II, we will pre-
them by Dr. Bruce Maccabee. This ysis. We also used their" thermo- sent a series of photographs in se-
program was the best anywhere up to lumrnescence burst-test equipment to quence, showing a dark point in the
that time and Dr. Maccabee had done study possible radiation effects on the distant atmospheric haze as it ap-
a good job of designing a program emulsion crystals in the images. This proaches and grows larger, frame by
where none existed previously. was only the beginning of our anal- frame, until it is recognizable as one
Spatial Data charged GSW $80.00 per ysis and we failed to find any evi- of, the craft in the photos tested by
computer hour for operating costs, dence of fraud or hoax. . GSW.
which worked out to $8.00 per photo Regarding the GSW analysis; their The fifth statement concerning
in a batch of ten. For that, GSW got first statement that most of the ten shadows is a strange one, considering
four steps — Edge Enhancement, analyzed photos are extremely light the fact that the Swiss sky in this
Color Contouring, Pixel Distortion above the UFO image (the image it- vicinity is usually white. In a white sky
Test, and Digitization — for each self was washed-out too) should have such as this, even the trees aren't casting
photo in the batch. told them that they had many-gener- any shadows.
This processing was done on the ation copies before them. That this In the sixth statement, we find that
plant demonstrator equipment, by the would tend to mask any supporting this handicapped man is supposed to
salesman, who shot a color Polaroid structure is true. have successfully employed three
print of the video display for GSW, Their second statement — that the types of hoax photography. Let's look
which was sent back with the print, UFO images are out-of-focus when at these:
with no comment. All of the "analyses" compared to other features of com- a. Suspended Model — This is
were then done subjectively by GSW parable distance from the camera — is perhaps the most likely method that
from those Polaroid prints. completely misleading. Unless they could be used; however, no one has
Perhaps that doesn't sound so bad had walked over the photo sites and ever found the model or the suspen-
until you talk to a computer program- measured the distances, as well as sion rig, nor has anyone ever found
mer (and the science is so new that marking the apparent position of the "the string" in any of the photo-
even they don't all agree), but they UFO based on the witness' best graphs. And here I specifically refer,
state that such tests are only mean- estimate, they could not possibly also, to the very photographs which
ingful if they are quite specific. In know what other features were at a Korff used to illustrate his article.
other words, there is considerable comparable distance. In most of the Despite the fact that the first photo is
variation in these steps. For produc- ten photos they had, there were no printed upside down, there is no
tive Edge Enhancement, you must other features at a comparable evidence of a suspension line, top or
know what you are enhancing for distance. And it does not indicate that bottom, in the photo. This is the same
and this is true of the other steps also. the UFO is close to the camera. Those object depicted in the second photo,
Each case will be quite different. You opinions are entirely subjective and which does show "artifacts" (unusual
can Color Contour for many different have no basis whatsoever in fact. lines), but the "string" doesn't start at
things and you have to be specific if The third statement, that consider- the top of the UFO and it stops halfway
you are to get meaningful results. ing the focal length of the camera, all up. The other "artifact" that crosses
This is also true in lesser degree for calculations place the UFO at four to the middle of the image is conve-
Pixelizing and Digitizing. six feet, is also completely false. niently ignored by Korff, as are three
The most important step of all, When I shot photos of a model, in more such "artifacts" exactly like
however, is the first step — introduc- focus, filling about 20% of the width these which have been cropped out
ing the photograph into the com- of the image frame, as some of those on this photo. They are completely
puter. Everything else depends on in question do, at the mean distance outside the image area of the UFO.
this. Spatial Data was using an off-the- of five feet (GSW said four to six We did not find any of these on our
shelf popular video camera in the feet), I got a model UFO measuring 6 examination of the second generation
$1,500 price range to introduce the inches in diameter and all other objects internegatives and we had sharp,
data into their display set-up. They beyond JO feet from the camera were bad- clear, dense images to work with. We
didn't even have a light table and no ly out of focus. The titles of books in the advised our colleagues in this research
filters and lens attachments at all for background were indistinguishable. of GSW's discovery and they were
the camera. This alone could have Something is wrong with Korff's also unable to find such anomalies.
negated the results of their testing. reasoning.
We used the most expensive camera The fourth statement, that atmos- (continued on next page)

Meier Photos, Continued cessing chemicals were available near The "double print" explanation for
him and he would have difficulty go- such a photo is ridiculous.
b. Double Exposure — Now this ing and coming with chemicals, Korff states that "the computer
would be difficult indeed. Nearly all models, equipment or anything else digitizing scan of the edges of the
of Meier's photographs were shot on on his open'moped transportation — UFO and foreground features
36-frame rolls of positive transparen- and he still had a one-ami limitation. reveals that the UFO is in the same
cy film and on more than one occa- Of the spacecraft near a tree on plane." First of all, this is fallacious at
sion, he shot more than three rolls of facing pages 35 and 36 of our book, I the 5 micron digitizing done by
film during the UFO event. In some measured that distance to be 52 yards Spatial Data Systems. The pixel count
of the series of photos, he photo- (156 feet) from the camera. By "com- would probably not vary at all across
graphed the ship above the horizon puter analysis" mentioned by Korff, I any of the edges in the picture at this
and then descending below the hori- must assume that this was the one broad a range. The second implica-
zon, with the frames in numbered se- made by GSW through Spatial Data tion, that they are in the same plane
quence. Sometimes there were other Systems, which included a color con- because of this, is difficult to analyze
obstructions in the photographs. To tour treatment on Dr. Maccabee's because they don't mention whjch
successfully shoot 108 frames, in se- program. This was only a simple picture they are talking about.
quence, of the UFO image against a color-coding program for basic However, except for the shots with
dark background, then go out and separation, in primary colors, of basic the movie camera, or the tripod, or
shoot a ten or twelve-frame run in se- data, with no definite purpose. This the moped in the scene (which are not
quence, with the UFO in proper posi- photo, not shown by Korff, was pub- in the ten photos sent to GSW), there
tion relative to the new background lished in Japan's UFOs and Space are no close foreground objects for
scene, every time, several times in Magazine. It showed the entire object comparison — except trees, and they
succession, without having the image in the same shade of red as the entire tree characteristically have a different
get lighter by the second exposure and trees in the picture. Now even an edge from a finished surface. The
and without having it in a position untrained eye can see that the top of smooth edge of uniform density on
where it overlaps something else or the object is not anywhere near the the UFO is to be expected since it was
crosses another line or is mal- color of the tree, nor is the bottom. hovering when the photo was made.
positioned in flight trajectory in se- To get the same color for both means
quence as it gets smaller in size going that the red . was assigned for all A model of eight inches diameter,
away from the photographer — this is values in the tree and the UFO. This is no as suggested, taking up 20 % of the
stretching the point a little! We must analysis. On the other hand, con- width of the picture frame as ob-
also remember that while he is suc- trasting colors could have been as- served, would be seven feet from the
cessfully doing this, more than once, signed, one to the shades of brown in lens; anything beyond fifteen feet
he is using a camera that he can't look the tree and the other to the shades of would be out of focus at most set-
through or change the focus, plus be- blue and gray in the UFO. We would tings. We do not find this in the
ing one-armed and having to do then have a different picture entirely. Meier photographs.
everything with that handicap! When we tried this, we found the Korff then goes on to state that all
c. Double Print Method — This ad- branches to be in front of the UFO. these frames can be duplicated with a
mittedly could be done in a labora- The photographer actually estimated basic camera and darkroom equip-
tory, even a home photo lab, but the the craft in the photo to be about 50 ment. Von Keviczky stated the same
nearest lab to Meier is 80 kilometers yards beyond the tree, out over the thing, yet neither of them have come
away. For him to do it himself is out valley, even beyond the top of . up with even one such photograph. In
of the question, so he would require another big tree down the hill that our case, we have a wonderful society
collaborators. He .would need equip- looks like a bush at the base of the here where we can obtain everything
ment and facilities. He has no equip- primary tree in this photo. we need in the way of equipment,
ment and no easy access to any. He I don't know how GSW "inter- chemicals and facilities. We have run-
had no running water in his house, no preted" the branches of the primary ning water, controlled temperatures,
temperature control, bare-bulb elec- tree to be behind the UFO, since they print dryers, darkrooms, special
trical power and no darkroom poten- all came out in exactly the same red color lights, etc., and we have both arms
tial, no available space, no privacy on the color contouring used by and as many .confederates as we care
and no storage place for equipment to GSW. to work with. Why haven't they
keep it unseen. None of the witnesses That the density (gray value) of the duplicated just one of the photos in
there ever saw any photo processing shadow bottom of the UFO varies ap- question?
equipment around and no one ever preciably from features in the tree The statement that the bottom por-
saw him using any or any evidence should be expected. They are at dif- tions of the UFOs are always dark is
that he had used any. There were ferent angles to the sun and of com- certainly unfounded as may be seen
eight people living in the house, all pletely different textures. If they did
potential observers. No photo pro- not vary, something would be amiss. (continued on next page)

By Ann Druffel

Interpreting the Bailey Case

Following the publication of Part I film record of an alien visitation into described an abduction aboard an
of "Controversial Entity Photos from his home.3 As a consequence, the oval craft, examined by two short-
California" in this column (Jan. 1981, Bailey case became unacceptable to statured aliens with distorted features,
No. 155) a Pandora's box seemed sud- some researchers, even though his and given a message which he was to
denly unlatched. An account of Harri- unusual "visitors" seemed to be the carry back to the U.S. Government
son E. Bailey's CE III in a wooded area same creatures whom he had encoun- and to the American people.
outside Orland Park, 111., on Sep- tered in 1951 and which had seemed Editor Hall picked out one para-
tember 24, 1951 was received favor- to visit him occasionally during the in- graph in the 42-page transcript in
ably by many researchers.1 The case tervening years by means of. ex- which Dr. McCall, as hypnotist, asks
did not seem to differ substantially periences he thought were vivid Bailey to "use your imagination. I
from dozens of other CE Ills and CE dreams. want you to imagine you were taken
IVs2 which have found their way into These researchers seemed unable aboard." Studying the entire tran-
print in respected journals and to accept implications of paranormal- script, it becomes clear that this par-
magazines. ity inherent within the visitation as ticular technique was employed by
However, in January 1980 the described by Bailey, and also per- Bill McCall to try to break through a
same percipient, now a licensed Bap- manently imprinted on the pictures stubborn block, seemingly caused by
tist minister in Pasadena, California, themselves. fear of ridicule in Baileys's hypnotical-
brought forward a dozen Polaroid Several serious questions have ly regressed mind. Several techniques
pictures which were purportedly a been raised regarding the manner in had been tried prior to this approach
which the case was .investigated, during the same session, but had pro-
Meier Photos, Continued toward certain hypnotic techniques duced no results. Seeking to clarify
by the photographs shown on pages used, in 1977, to elicit details of the situation, I asked R. Leo Sprinkle,
15, 17/18, 19, 37/38, 53, 55 and 58 in Bailey's apparent, abduction ex- Ph.D., a pioneer in hypnotic regres-
the book. I suppose that by Korff's perience within the landed craft in sion of UFO close encounter wit-
line of reasoning, these are the 20-30 1951, and toward Rev. Bailey's nesses, to give his opinion on the ses-
foot diameter craft. character and emotional stability. sion's transcript and received the
There is no ground shadow visible These questions took the form of following reply:
in the picture frame on the cover editorial comments by my good
photo of the book because the shot friend and colleague, Editor Richard To Whom It May Concern:
was made at 5:30 in the afternoon Hall, in the January 1981 issue and
and the sun's low angle would cast it also in a "Letter to the Editor" by I have been asked by Ann Druffel, 257
completely out of the picture to the Alvin Lawson, Ph.D., whose com- Sycamore Glen, Pasadena, CA 91105, to offer
left, if it were distinguishable at all in ments in the April 1981 issue re- my opinion regarding the typescript of an in-
this white sky. terview with Reverend Harrison Bailey, with
flected the feelings of W.C. McCall, hypnotic suggestions by Dr. Wm. McCall and
The photo sequence of a disc- M.D. as well. UFO investigators Dr. Alvin Lawson and Mrs.
shaped craft circling a tree is actually I feel obliged to answer all the Ann Druffel.
reported to have taken place over a specific questions raised on this case.
time estimated to be 3 to 4. minutes. The mam problem is lack of space, I am happy to provide my opinion and I am
The clouds do, in fact, move faster in willing to respond to specific questions or com-
since the questions can only be ments about this statement.
the higher valleys here. The nearest answered by explaining complex
weather station is 80 kilometers situations in Rev. Bailey's life. Short 1 have no way of verifying, or even evaluating,
away, in Zurich, in a large valley with replies cannot adequately clarify the the information which came out of the hyp-
a big lake, and their weather is com- notic session; however, I believe that Dr. Mc-
misunderstandings. A good place to
pletely different. Clever superimposi- Call has done an excellent job in providing sug-
start, however, is with the comment gestions which were acceptable to Reverend
tion of the objects that are both below by Editor Dick Hall that, during a Bailey, so that Reverend Bailey might explore
and above the horizon and cross the skyline, May 18, 1977 hypnotic session, his memories, or impressions, of the exper-
as suggested by Korff, with no evi- Bailey was repeatedly "prompted and iences which had occurred to him in 1951. In
dence of the skyline showing, would was obligingly suggestible" as he
be a clever trick indeed! D
(continued on next page)
Calif. Report, Continued the origin, purpose, and powers of the hypoth- views on the techniques which are
esized UFO beings remains in doubt. Thus, fur- professionally acceptable in obtaining
my opinion, the suggestions for imaginary ac- ther investigation seems to be appropriate to
tivities'are acceptable methods to elicit infor- see if the Reverend follows the same kind of information from a hypnotized sub-
mation which seems to be repressed, or which pattern of behavior which is typical of other ject. But when two hypnotherapists,
is being suppressed, by a participant because of UFO contactees and abductees; (e.g., psychic who seem to hold widely divergent
traumatic or emotional reactions to the release experiences which lead him to an obsessive/- views regarding the nature of UFOs
of unconscious information. compulsive pattern of behavior so that he can agree that certain soothing and
complete some "task," or "mission," or "duty.")
Of course, skeptical investigators can question reassuring techniques are valid in ob-
whether the use of techniques to elicit im- I commend the investigators and Reverend taining information from hypnotized
aginary information might also encourage the Bailey for their willingness to pursue this in- witnesses — information which the
participant to fabricate, or elaborate, or lie, vestigation. percipient feels in his own mind to be true
about information which is hazy or difficult to
explore. In forensic psychology, safeguards are
— then researchers should pay heed.
Respectfully submitted,
being utilized to minimize personal contact It is very probable that Rev. Bailey
between the hypnotist, investigator, and hyp- R. Leo Sprinkle, Ph.D., Director was being encouraged to lose his
notic subject in cases of criminal activity where Division of Counseling and Testing fears, increase his trust in the hyp-
the witness might be mistaken about the identi- Professor of Counseling Services notist, and speak out what he felt was
ty and actions of alleged criminals. In my opin- University of Wyoming
ion, however, the difficulties in UFO investiga-
the truth; i.e., that he had, in fact, true
tion, and the possible consequences, are neither Dr. Sprinkle's suggestion that fur- memories of being aboard a UFO.
to be viewed as the same difficulties as those in ther investigation would determine No one — even the disagreeing
forensic hypnosis, nor as the same difficulties whether Bailey followed the patterns hypnosis experts — knows anything
in clinical hypnotherapy. In my opinion, hyp- definite about what occurs during
notic procedures for UFO investigation can be of behavior typical of other abductees
used both to help the participant to explore his had already been fulfilled. When I very close encounter/abduction
or her memories, as well as to help the partici- first became acquainted with Bailey in scenarios, except that real psycholog-
pant to become aware, to accept, to acknow- 1975, he had since 1965, been trying ical and physiological damage ap-
ledge those memories. to alert the American public to the ex- parently results from some such en-
istence of UFOs and attempting to counters. We can only speculate, at
At this state in UFO investigation, I believe
that it is difficult for investigators to know deliver to government officials the this point, about the meaning of it all.
whether the UFO experiences are physical specific message which he was con- It is my own opinion, however,
face-to-face encounters; out-of-the-body exper- vinced had been given him by the that some sort of unknown (therefore
iences; mental programming; or, a combination UFO beings in 1951. His persistent ef- "alien") intelligence is reacting at
of these experiences. Thus, exploration can be some level with human beings during
viewed as an important goal in the use of hyp- forts might well be considered com-
notic techniques, but evaluation of the infor- pulsive, and even obsessive, though these experiences. Most likely the
mation may require additional background in- he managed concurrently to maintain human percipients are in some altered
formation rather than total reliance upon the an equable nature and to accomplish state at the time. It also seems that the
information which comes out of the hypnotic socially valuable work as a Baptist manifestations do take at least tem-
session. In my opinion. Reverend Bailey's reac- porary physical form during some
tions are similar to those of other persons with minister.
whom I have worked, and whose fears may It is hoped that Dr. Sprinkle's state- phase(s) of the interactions.
have caused repression and/or suppression of ment will aid in clarifying the con- I hope the above helps clarify the
their UFO experiences; the gradual release of troversy regarding Bailey's May 18, controversy about the Bailey hyp-
information may be either a normal response 1977 hypnotic session. Al Lawson notic session. In a future column I will
to a sense of courage and confidence on the clarify other criticisms directed
part of the participant, or there may be some and Bill McCall, on the other hand,
kind of "timing" process of which UFO in- contend the the hypnotic techniques toward this case.
vestigators are unaware. used during Bailey's session were
valid for use with a "real" CE IV NOTES
In reading the typescript, I find that the ques- 1. In Fait Magazine, two-part article, April and
witness experiencing a psychological
tions and approach of the investigator, and the May 1978 issues.
stated reactions of the participant, are similar to block, but that the information de-
those of a number of persons with whom I rived regarding Bailey's abduction
2. The term CE IV is used here to signify an
have worked; in my opinion, the information was neither valid nor real. This seerm alleged UFO abduction experience.
shows a similar pattern to that of other UFO ing paradox is understandable when
witnesses who have experienced encounters one realizes that both Lawson, and to
which, to them, indicate a real physical and 3. Regarding Editor Hall's statement in his
psychic experience with what seems to be in- a lesser degree McCall, feel that all "Editorial Comments" at the end of Part I of
telligent beings from another planet or another abduction scenarios are caused by "Controversial Entity Photos from California"
dimension, etc. some mechanism totally within the describing Bailey as a self-styled minister,
mind of the percipient. Xerox copies of Bailey's ministerial licenses
The hypotheses of fraud, fantasy, self-delusion, have settled this question to Hall's satisfaction.
Various experts in hypnosis hold
or imagination, etc., seem to be more complex
than the hypothesis that Reverend Bailey is ex- differing views as to the validity of
4. See Jan. and Feb. 1981 issues of MUFON
periencing recall of events which happened to the information obtained through UFO Journal for two-part article on the Bailey
him; however, the specific understanding of hypnosis and also hold differing photos.

BOOK REVIEW The Ivy Tanks case of September simplification. There are quite a
UFOs: The Image Hypothesis. Close 6, 1973 (p. 28-30) proved, to be the number of impressive physical trace
Encounters of an Australian Kind, initial stimulus for the author to con- events (e.g., Socorro, NM., 1964; see
by Keith Basterfield. (Reed Books, sider this hypothesis. Its fascinating Ray Stanford's book, Socorro Saucer in a
Australia, May 1981), 111 pp., $5.95. correspondences with the well- Pentagon Pantry and the article in En-
defined characteristics of hypnopom- cyclopedia of UFOs).
pic and hypnagogic imagery caused The Boyup Brook case (p. 41) is
(See also "Imagery and Close Encoun- him to consider whether other cases used by the author to support his psy-
ters," by Keith Basterfield, in MUFON shared these similarities. Perhaps sur- chological mechanism for "car
UFO Journal No, 162, August 1981.) prisingly, a great many close en- stop'V'car control" cases, however, it
counter cases had features which sug- should be appreciated that the driver's
gested to the author that they were watch also stopped for 5 minutes — a
One of Australia's leading UFO perhaps the result of imagery. A period of time consistent with the
researchers has presented in this short remarkable number of close en- witness' impression of the duration of
. book the kernel of an idea that counter cases worldwide occur in the the "car control" incident. Therefore
deserves wide attention and may pro- nocturnal interface of waking and the "time-gap" experience — a psy-
vide insights into that mystery we call sleep, and therefore the theory may chologically understood mechanism
the UFO phenomenon. The author be of great utility in attempting to — seems out of place. Also "EM"
offers his theory as a possible explana- determine the objective reality of cases (or "car effect" cases) with more
tion for much of the hitherto unex- these experiences. than one witness seem to rule out the
plained residue of UFO events that The author even offers a possible "psychological" cause. The BUFORA
survives the gauntlet of critical in- mechanism for UFO events that occur Vehicle Interference Project compiled
vestigators. to people in an ostensibly awake by Geoffrey Falla and edited by C. F.
The author recounts his odyssey state. Here he refers to "neural Lockwood and A. R. Pace (1979) lists
which led him to this position, in sim- discharges" that occur generally dur- many two-witness EM events among
ple and straightforward terms. The ac- ing "paradoxical sleep." Deprivation the some 420 total cases.
count is free of the sensationalism that effects, in certain studies, have led to The lack of cases, particularly
has been a feature of much of the "neural discharges" and intense visual overseas events, illustrating each part
available UFO literature. His ap- imagery or hallucinations during wak- in the development of the theory, is a
proach is in step with the critical ing hours of certain subjects. weakness, but one I understand due
winds of change that are now sweep- How legitimate are such psycho- to the publisher's reduction of the
ing through UFO research at large. logical explanations? The author has overall length of the original
Against a background of personal only presented the theory in a ten- manuscript. The author has not pur-
investigation and experiences, he tative and initial form, and therefore sued the idea that the image
draws a picture of a subject fraught it is difficult .to judge how com- hypothesis is ultimately testable and
with observations of "UFOs." These prehensive the theory is intended to therefore it may well be a "scientific"
are definitely explainable in conven- be. He appears to be suggesting that hypothesis, if we view it from a
tional terms once common sense in- almost all residue cases may eventual- classical falsification stance. The hyp-
vestigations have been conducted by ly be explained in these or more mun- nagogic state can be studied in the
' intelligent and critical investigators. dane terms. I have no doubts that laboratory with some success, so
Basterfield gives short shrift to a some cases are amenable to such much so that Charles T. Tart in his
number of areas of UFO experience, mechanisms, particularly when we pioneer work Altered States of Con-
including claims of "angel hair," enter the m u r k y r e a l m of sciousness (1969, 1972) was able to say,
photographs, and radar evidence. Ac- "abduction," "time loss," and "inter- "It is a straightforward step from 'the
cording to the author, there is very lit- rupted journey" experiences. How- Bertini, et. al. research attempt to con-
tle in "UFO 'nests' and all that." ever, some aspects of the UFO phe- trol the hypnagogic state itself and ex-
However, in his estimation there is nomenon, as we presently understand plore the possible use of such
a residue of ostensibly unexplainable it, are more difficult to dispose of. control." (See "Some Preliminary
cases. The bizarre experiences of the Physical traces related to UFO Observations With an Experimental
Rye housewife on Mooraduc Road in events are a case in point. Basterfield Procedure for the Study of Hyp-
Victoria and a mechanic's roadside en- considers only the famous Tully case nagogic and Related Phenomena" by
counter with a strange object resting (see my article in Ron Story's En- M. Bertini, Helen B. Lewis, and Her-
on the ground near Murray Bridge in cyclopedia of UFOs) as about the only man A. Witkin; condensed from Ar-
South Australia, are among the physical trace event of any merit. chivio di Psicologia Neurologia e Psychiatria,
Australian cases described. It is to While I share some common 1964, v. 6, 493-534; pp. 95-114 in,
these cases — the unexplained ground with the author's hypothesis, I Altered States of Consciousness, 1972.) .
residue — that Basterfield addresses must consider his position on physical
his "image hypothesis." traces in particular as an over- (continued on next page)

Letters Luis Schonherr's article rightly em-
phasizes that a. discriminating use of
My quarrel with Len (whom I have
long liked and admired) has to do
psychology should not be seen as a with our differing assessments of the
Abduction Response "soft" approach, but as potentially as evidence for the reality of crashed
"hard" as any other. By pointing out saucers. I find the evidence weak and
I would like tp assure William Leet that it enables us to extract valuable unconvincing; and that, not an a priori
information even from cases hitherto rejection of the possibility of physical
(August, No. 162) that I am neither
dismissed, on purely physical spaceships, is why I reject retrieval
metaphysical nor, on this occasion
grounds, as fraudulent, he may entitle claims.
anyway, a puller of legs. That "some-
us to retrieve much currently dis- Jerome Clark
thing" occurs, physically as well as
psychologically, in many alleged ab- valued material from the waste bin. Lake Bluff, 111.
duction cases, I regard as highly prob- Whether this will ever amount to a
"Come back, George Adamski, all is Parish Statement...
able: Rutledge's recently published
findings are quite sufficient to forgiven!" remains, perhaps, doubtful. Editor,
establish a physical basis for the UFO, 1 was glad to see Keith Basterfield's In the August 1981 issue (No. 162),
and I am quite ready to accept that condensed version of the viewpoint Mr. Lucius Parish stated that
they could be extended to account for expressed in his useful book Close En- "... there are relatively few books
the physical effects shown in many counters of an Australian Kind. His think- (probably less than 30) which make
"abduction" cases. But because we ac- ing, too, has led him to propose mech- substantial and needed contributions
cept the physical effects as real, it anisms which bridge the conventional to our knowledge of the UFO
does not follow we have to accept the distinction between physiological and subject." I think it would be of value
entire scenario at face value. The psychological processes, and show for him to tell us what they are.
evidence for any form of contact with that just because a response is subjec- William E. Jones
UFO persons must be considered un- tive, it is not necessarily "all in the Columbus, Ohio
proven so long as alternative explana- mind." He, too, never questions that a
tions are available; and 1 believe they "real" incident occurs; but he, too, re-
are. quires us to extend our notions of . . . and Parish Reply
what constitutes "real."
Hilary Evans Editor,
London, England Needless to say (mine is) a purely
Book Review, Continued personal viewpoint... no two peo-
ple are likely to agree on the 30 (or
Perhaps UFO based imagery can be
whatever number) "best" books on
produced under controlled condi-
the UFO subject. Therefore, I'm
tions, along the lines of Alvin H.
Retrievals and Theories reluctant to give such a list, as it might
Lawson's "imaginary abductees" ex-
imply that any books I excluded were
periments. Editor,
not worth reading. I am a firm
Basterfield's exposition of his im- In his article in the September 1981
believer that anyone interested in
agery theory potentially has wide issue (No. 163), Len Stringfield
UFOs should attempt to read anything
utility in explaining some UFO close describes me as a "critic of the ETH
and everything (including) all the
encounters. It requires more detailed (extraterrestrial hypothesis)" and im-
nonsense and the re-hash in order to
qualification and development be- plies that is why I am skeptical of
get to the "good s t u f f " . . . In my
yond its current narrow horizon. crashed-saucer stories.
capacity as a book reviewer, I enjoy
However, as an idea expressed as a It is true that at one time I was
the opportunity to tell readers of par-
non-rigid working hypothesis, the hostile to the ETH, but in the past
ticularly good books when they come
concept deserves the thorough and several years, as I have made clear in
along, but I don't feel that I have the
thoughtful consideration of a wide my various writings (see, for example,
right to tell them what not to read.
researcher-oriented audience. my position statement in Encyclopedia
That is an individual decision — as it
The author's conclusion that of UFOs, p. 74), my views have
should be.
" . .. the truth (about UFOs) may lie changed considerably. I now define
Lucius Parish
in understanding more about our- myself as an "agnostic" about all UFO
Plumerville, Ark.
selves and (our) beliefs, than in the theories. I also feel that, given the
stars" could be right. An answer will varieties of physical evidence, subjec-
require much more research and tivist/psychological/parapsychological MUFON
open-minded debate along these and interpretations of the kind I once ad-
other lines. The author and indeed vocated are unsatisfactory. I consider 103OLDTOWNE RD.
this reviewer would find such tasks a the ETH a reasonable approach and I SEGUIN.TX 78155
most worthy endeavor. even subscribe to it every other
- BillChalker Thursday.

Director's Message, Continued gator's Manual as a reference. (2) We (5) Be prepared with the facts on in-
must seek and recruit people edu- vestigated UFO cases before discuss-
MUFON Consultant in Radiology,
cated and trained in their profession ing them with the press, or appearing
has. become deeply involved in this to apply their expertise to resolving on radio and television programs, so
case. the UFO phenomenon. (3) Trained as to breed confidence as a profes-
By working with people such as
field investigators should team up sional to the public. (6) In public ap-
Bob Girard, owner of Arcturus Book
with trainees or apprentices when pearances, dress and conduct yourself
Service, 263 N. Ballstone Avenue, conducting UFO investigations to im- in such a manner that you will com-
Scotia, NY 12302 and Lucius Parish, part their techniques. (4) All of us mand the respect of everyone that
Route One-Box 220, Plumerville, AR must be cognizant that the majority of you contact. (7) Since we are dealing
72127, MUFON is attempting to ac- the people in the academic and scien- with a subject that some people con-
cumulate a comprehensive UFO
tific community are not familiar with sider c o n t r o v e r s i a l or even
library of both hardbacks and paper- the UFO literature as it regards the "hogwash," the challenge to operate
backs as a reference source and to major cases investigated, the data ac- in a professional manner is even a
preserve the existing UFO literature cumulated, and the statistical analysis more difficult role.
for the future. Members who own available to the public, since they (8) In closing, Barbara Schutte
duplicate copies of UFO hardbacks have never taken the time to peruse would like to offer her personal
are encouraged to either donate them
this material. We must become in- challenge to all of us. "We are no
to the MUFON library or advise the volved in public education to dissem-
selling price, title, and author so they inate these vital facts. (continued on p. 19)
may be purchased by writing to
MUFON at 103 Oldtowne Road,
Seguin, TX 78155. Many of our
personal libraries, which they should
seriously consider bequeathing to 1. Title of publication: The MUFON UFO A not-for-profit corporation incorporated
MUFON in their wills in order to JOURNAL (USPS 002970) under the State Laws of Texas
perpetuate this important literature. 2. Date of filing: October 15, 1981 Trustees: Walter H. Andrus, Jr. (Interna-
There may be others who have be- 3. Frequency of issue: monthly tional Director), 103 Oldtowne Road, Seguin,
4. Location of known office of publication: TX 78155; Sam Gross (Corporate Secretary)
come overburdened with UFO books 103 Oldtowne Road, Seguin, Guadalupe, R.F.D. 2, Seguin, TX 78155; John Donegan
and periodicals throughout the years, Texas 78155 (Treasurer), 1901 Mount Vemon, Seguin, TX
or may have lost interest in the sub- 5. Address of the headquarters: 103 78155
ject, who would derive a great deal of Oldtowne Road, Seguin, Guadalupe, TX 8. Known bondholders, mortgagees, and
satisfaction in seeing their library 78155 other security holders owning or holding 1 per-
6. Names and complete addresses of cent or more of total amount of bonds, mort-
preserved by MUFON as a reference publisher, editor, and managing editor: gages or other securities: NONE
in their memory. Please contact your Publisher: Walter H. Andrus, Jr.. 103 9. For completion by nonprofit organiza-
International Director at the above Oldtowne Road, Seguin, TX 78155 tions authorized to mail at special rates: NO
address if you would like to con- Editor: Richard H. Hall, 4418 39th St., Brent- CHANGE
tribute in any way to the MUFON wood, MD 20722 10. Extent and nation of circulation:
library. INC. (MUFON), 103 Oldtowne Road, Seguin,
Each month, I will utilize a portion TX 78155
of my message to suggest ideas to im- Average No. copies Actual No. copies
prove UFO investigations and re- each issue during of single issue published
search, training Field Investigators, preceding 12 months nearest to filing date
duties of State and State Section A. Total No. copies printed 1183 1100
Directors, etc. J. Allen Hynek, Ph.D. B. Paid circulation
1. Sales through dealers and carriers, street
set the stage for this month's pro- vendors and counter sales 0 o
posals with the challenge he offered 2. Mail subscriptions 974 959
in his paper at M.I.T. "Ufology as a C. Total paid circulation 974 959
Profession." We will simply pose the D. Free distributions by mail, carrier or other
question and try to answer it by ask- means: samples, complimentary, and other
ing "how to be a professional in free copies 104 71
E. Total distribution 1078 1030
ufology?" F. Copies not distributed
(1) In order to have competent in- 1. Office use, left over, unaccounted.
vestigators interviewing and perform- spoiled after printing 105 70
ing on-site investigations, formal Field 2. Returns from news agents 0 o
G. Total 1183 1100
Investigator training cjasses must be
conducted by qualified personnel (signed) Walter H. Andrus, Jr.
utilizing the MUFON Field Investi- Publisher

Lucius Parish

In Others' words
The October 6 issue of National En- in the October issue of OMNI, the from the years of 1896-97: This will
quirer has a feature on Betty Hill and "Anti-Matter" section of the be published by Dodd, Mead. Also in
the various UFO-related events which magazine contains some UFO items. October, James Oberg's UFOs and
she says have happened to her since Particularly fascinating is a brief Space Mysteries is due out from The
she and her late husband were taken report by Harry Lebelson on a mys- Donning Company. Two postponed
aboard a UFO in 1961. A report in terious cylindrical object photo- books, re-scheduled for publication
the October 13 issue tells of a graphed hovering slightly above the before the end of the year, are Man-
Franklin, Ohio, woman who claims to surface of Lake Ontario in 1967. nerism on Space Communication by An-
have been abducted twice by UFO Numerous details of the object are thony L. Coundakis (Exposition Press)
occupants. visible in the photo. (The object has and Flying Saucers: Magic in the Skies by
The Star for October 6 reports on a since been identified by Ray Stan- Otto Billig (Schenkman). Researcher
region in Lake Ontario where ships ford, Project Starlight International, as Wendelle C. Stevens will be offering
and planes have allegedly disap- a specific craft used for a floating or- a privately-published edition of
peared mysteriously. Various UFO chestra, distorted by light refraction. UFO . . . Contact from Reticulum, a
sightings have been reported, in the -Ed.) detailed study of the William Herr-
same area. The November issue of Science mann abduction case. This should be
Sociologist David W. Swift con- Digest has an article by Patrick available in October. Stevens plans
tributes an interesting article to the Huyghe on UFO sightings by scien- additional books during 1982. Rumor
"Forum" column in the October issue tists and trained observers. Huyghe has it that researchers Stanton T.
of Astronomy. Swift discusses the dif- also comments on the current state of Friedman and William L. Moore will
ferences of attitudes and viewpoints UFO research and scientists' attitudes combine their talents for a book to be
between UFO researchers and scien- toward the subject. published in the fall of 1982 by the
tists who have been engaged in the A brief look at some of the books San Francisco office of Harper &
SET! (Search for Extraterrestrial In- slated for publication during the final Row. Other than this, it looks like a
telligence) program. A useful and quarter of 1981: October will see the "long, dry spell" for commercially-
enlightening article. release of Daniel Cohen's The Great published UFO books.
Although there is no UFO column Airship Mystery, dealing with reports
Director's Message, from p. 18
longer a group of hobbyists. We The author — David W. Swift, Ph.D., were photoanalysis, UFO sightings
know too much at this point to take Department of Sociology, University by pilots in Europe, a European CE-III
such an apathetic attitude. We are a of Hawaii, Honolulu — was one of case, evaluation methods, manage-
group with many Ph.D's, M.A.'s, the speakers for the MUFON sym- ment of UFO data and catalogues.
B.A.'s, M.D.'s — Professionals! Now posium and also participated in the The scientific and technically
let's start performing like profes- NASA Conference. He is thus qual- oriented German-speaking members
sionals! Certainly you would not be ified to make not only an observa- are an important element of
so unconcerned in your own prac- tion, but also an evaluation of the two MUFON's world-wide cooperative
tices!" approaches to SETI. investigation of UFOs. Volunteer
An article in Astronomy Magazine German-language translators are in-
October 1981 issue, titled "Parallel vited to .assist in m a k i n g
Universes: A Tale of Two SETIs" is an MUFON-CE.S. MEETING MUFON-C.E.S. reports and data
observation that depicts the problem The Central European Section of available in English. Contact
that Ufologists face in seeking scien- MUFON (MUFON-C.E.S.) held its MUFON, 103 Oldtowne Rd., Seguin,
tific recognition. It is a direct com- 8th annual meeting September 4-6, TX 78155.
parison of MUFON's Tenth Annual 1981 at the Airport Hotel, Freiburg,
UFO Symposium at the Airport West Germany.
Marina Hotel in San Francisco in 1979 Speakers included Dipl. Phys. I.
and a NASA sponsored meeting near- Brand, Dr. L. Ferrara, Dipl. Ing. A.
by at the Ames Research Center, at Schneider, B. Biffiger, and Dr. W. A.
Moffett Field, as they related to SETI. Frank. Among the topics discussed


In conjunction with the recent statement from the August 1981 issue son, and St. Tammany. A former
Center for UFO Studies Conference of the MUFON UFO journal to the research specialist, Doug is an elec-
in Chicago, an important meeting was assembled group. tronics engineer with the telephone
conducted between MUFON Board Mr. Kuhlemann was given a copy company and has developed a very
of Director members James McCamp- of the second edition of the MUFON extensive library of UFO material.
bell, John F. Schuessler, Walter Field Investigator's Manual for their Michael L. Marks has been appointed
Andrus, and three members of Proj: study. This was tempered with the ad- State Section Director for Clark
• ect URD, Bertil Kuhlemann, Sten vice that a new updated third edition County by the State Director for
Lingren, and Bjarne Hakanssbn from was being prepared and would be Washington, Robert J. Gribble. Mike
Sweden to discuss and later evaluate available early in 1982. Since resides'at 12611 N.E. 31st Street,
the adoption of their proposal as an MUFON is recognized as one of the Vancouver, WA 98662, and his
international standardized system for leading UFO organizations -in the telephone contact is (206) 256-7685.
reporting and computerizing UFO world today, our Swedish friends As a Field. Investigator, he is par-
reports. In order that the MUFON were delighted by our support for in- ticularly interested in landing trace
Board of Directors may evaluate the ternational cooperation. 'Mr. Me- .. ' cases.
proposal by the International URD Campbejl requested that a -letter be After joining MUFON on June 29,
Foundation of Sweden, five different drafted to Bertil Kuhlemann confirm- 1973 as a Field Investigator, Donald
manuals were presented to James Mc- ing MUFON's support of the work of A. Johnson, now a Ph.D. candidate,
Campbell, Director of Research, and PICUR, as.evidence to solicit greater has volunteered his expertise as a
Walt Andrus, International Director, international participation. . Research Specialist in Statistical
for their perusal. The Project URD This is to advise present members Analysis. Don's present address is 728
• manuals are each lettered with their - and new members joining that the 3rd St. South, Kirkland, WA 98033,
titles. A) "A Scientifically Orientated present Field Investigator's , Manual telephone (206) 822-6609. Originally
Approach to Support Solving the (second edition) is now out of print recommended by Dr. David R. Saun-
UFO Enigma — A Contextual Discus- and not available. Anyone ordering ders for membership in MUFON,
sion"; B) "Description of a system from our publication list will be ad- Don has continued his UFO research
aimed at collection, registration and vised of this fact and that they have a in the prime areas of statistical
evaluation of observational, data choice of credit toward other publica- analysis of CE Us and percep-
regarding events possibly belonging tions, an extension of their member- tual/coghitive/personality aspects of
to the UFO Category"; C) "Field In- ship period, or a refund. UFO witnesses. Utilizing his statistical
vestigator's Manual"; D) "Codifier's The following new State Section education, Don conducted a very fine
Manual"; and "Report No. 1, Charac- Directors have been appointed during workshop on the subject "Size,
teristics of a UFO Report File." the past month: Barbara J. Schutte, Distance, and Duration Parameters of
Since this was an introductory R.R. 1, Box 138A, Wever, LA 52658, the Ignition Interference Effect" at the
meeting, obviously no final decisions telephone (319) 372-7340 volun- . CUFOS Conference on September
were made on Project URD. It was teered to cover Des Moines and Lee 27th.
the consensus of the MUFON board counties in southeast Iowa. As a Field One of the outstanding papers
members present that the adoption of Investigator for CUFOS, Barbara par- presented at the CUFOS Conference
this plan on an international scale was ticipated as a panelist in the Field In- was delivered by John F. Schuessler
premature, since preliminary meet- yestigator's Workshop at the recent titled "Medical Injuries Resulting
ings are still being conducted to invite CUFOS Conference in Chicago from a UFO Encounter (Cash/Lan-
other nations to participate in the Pro- where her enthusiasm contributed to drum Case)." We expect to publish a
visional International Committee on the success of the session. Barbara has follow-up on this very significant
UFO Research (PICUR). Michael Sin- organized a UFO study group around case, originally reported in the April
clair, International Coordinator, is the Burlington, Iowa, area and is con- 1981 edition of the Journal, since it
MUFON's permanent delegate to ducting Field Investigator's training ranks as one of the most important
PICUR. MUFON emphatically af- utilizing the MUFON Field In- medical cases in our records. As the
firmed our support of PICUR as a step vestigator's Manual. Douglas J. Labat, prime investigator, Mr. Schuessler is
in organizing an international UFO 4801 Lurline St., New Orleans, LA in the best position to release the per-
research organization. This point was 70127, telephone (504) 241-6776 has . tinent facts, since he has access to the
dramatically emphasized when your accepted the responsibility for medical records. Dr. Peter Rank,
International Director asked Bertil metropolitan New Orleans, which in-
Kuhlemann to read a confirming cludes the parishes of Orleans, Jeffer- (continued on page 18)