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=9O'D=' 9A -;)$*&B$/$"
Industrial
Post - industrial
Multiple careers
Lifelong career
Multiple jobs
Long-term loyalty
Blurred identity
Occupational identity
Work-study mismatch
Work-study consistency
Possible free-lancing
Org membership
Frequent off-jobs
Stable employment
Precarious incomes
Escalating salaries
Fluctuating status
Upward mobility
Unpredictable future
Foreseeable retirement
Varying networks
Constant networks
Changing partners
Stable relations
Insecurity, uncertainty
Security, certainty
1=$@2$@$*O&'(%S/,*;2/1Q
Industrial
Post - industrial
Communications
Special skills
Team-working
Planning & implementation
Human relations
Navigating the bureaucracy
Problem-solving
Following the heritage
Risk-taking
Design & innovations
Personal responsibility
Continuous learning
Self-management
Ethics, values, principles
!"#$: Kai-ming Cheng, 2007.
10

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>.-;$=5>?<@>.-;$;'8$E 78-%9N$//#:$ >V66CB('G$1Z!@'#!>.-;$)..E#)('>.-#$, 560 8F$'+' B'/IO' !"
4.5 8F$'<$.$*)5P81#<. #R8+:$#E8.E# $*12.34)561)IGB 1,100 /('8F$'19.!@W%9.(4 78-#R8+:$)$.+F$>.-#$,
1,400 /('8F$'19.!@W%9.(4 #!>`5WW$ !".-BC+E$#<FG*)$.KG*%#$;5) !"6-1.:*)$./(0'$12.34)56 %(*+#
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A$*$/&'( 2 435@C-&G(=<,45/,*;+&62@$D9)2@$1@,*;D$D$A9 F>/+5+D'.A;=G"55)+U'./EA3
Country

Population ('000)

Brunei Darussalam

GDP (US$m)

GDP per
capita (US$)

Total trade
(US$m)

383

11,846

30,929

6,797

Cambodia

13,996

6,105

436

4,749

Indonesia

222,051

364,288

1,641

182,357

Lao PDR

6,135

3,527

575

678

Malaysia

26,686

149,729

5,611

292,969

Myanmar

57,289

11,951

209

5,630

The Philippines

86,910

117,132

1,348

98,560

Singapore

4,484

132,273

29,500

510,104

Thailand

65,233

206,552

3,166

256,797

Vietnam

84,222

60,965

724

84,015

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US
Japan
US

Europe

Japan

Asia

Source: J. of Nanoparticle Research, 2003
Source: NSF, President’s Council of Advisors
on Science and Technology

Source: President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, 2005

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13

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!"#$%&'(%)*!"+,-.*#% %/0123456'7"8*#, 2006
results
Level 6

OECD Thailand
0

1%

0.4%

Level 5

8%

Level 4

20%

Level 3

Level 2

Level 1

Below
Level 1

27%

24%

14%

5%

4%

Science Level 6
Student can consistently
identify, explain and apply
scientific knowledge and
knowledge about science in a
variety of complex life
situations

16.3%

Science Level 1

33.2%

Student have such a limited
scientific knowledge that it can
only be applied to a few, familiar
situations

33.5%

12.6%

Below Level 1
Unable to use scientific
skills in ways required by
easiest PISA tasks.

OECD (2007), PISA 2006 – Science Competencies for Tomorrow’s World, Table 2.1a

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34.01

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17

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18

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Leapfrog

Catching Up

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<@)$%&*9: 10 Technology Development Map

Technology
Last Mile
Broadband
Cellular
Web 2.0
Mobile Convergence
Biometrics
Digital TV
RFID

0%1%5*9: 6 Technology Implications Map
Outputs
Implications
Household connectivity
Applications widespread
Speed and efficiency
National productivity
Accessibility
Technology Equity
Socialization
Social outlets
Functionality
Work enhancement
Security
Limit disruptions
Media enhancement
Content diversity
Logistics
Cost competitiveness

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