A. Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses. Use any appropriate tense.

Almost every part of the world (experience) ………………………………………… an earthquake in recent years, and almost every part of the world (experience) …………………………………………… earthquakes in years to come. Since the ancient Chinese (begin)……………………………………… to keep records several years ago, more than 13 million earthquakes (occur)…………………………………………… worldwide by some estimates. What (cause)……………………………………… earthquakes? Throughout time, different cultures (develop)……………………………………… myths to explain these violent earth movements. According to a Japanese myth, a playful catfish lives in the mud under the earth. Whenever it feels like playing, it (wave) …………………………………… its fat tail around in the mud. The result? Earthquakes. From India comes the story of six strong elephants who (hold)………………………………… the earth on their heads. Whenever one elephant (move) ……………………………………… its head, the earth trembles. Nowadays, although scientists (know)………………………………………… more about the causes of earthquakes, they still cannot prevent the terrible damage. One of the strongest quakes in the 20
th

century (happen)

……………………………………… in Anchorage, Alaska, on 24, 1964, at about 6 o’clock in the evening. When the earthquake (strike) ………………………………………… that evening, many families (sit)……………………………………… down to eat dinner. People in the city (find, suddenly) …………………………………………………themselves in the dark, because most of the lights in the city went out when the earthquake occurred. Many people (die) ……………………………………… instantly when tall buildings (collapse) …………………………………… and (send) ………………………………………… tons of brick and concrete crashing into the streets. When (the next earthquake, occur) ………………………………………………………………………? No one really knows for sure. Interestingly enough, throughout history animals (help, often) ……………………………………………………… people predict earthquakes shortly before they happen. At present, some scientists (study)…………………………………… catfish because catfish swim excitedly just before an earthquake. According to some studies, snakes, monkeys, and rodents (appear, also) ………………………………………………… to be sensitive to the approach of violent movement in the earth’s surface. Some animals (seem) ……………………………………… to know a great deal more than humans about when an earthquake will occur. In recent years, scientists (develop) ……………………………………… many extremely sensitive instruments. Perhaps someday the instruments (be) ………………………………………… able to give us a sufficiently early warning so that we can be waiting calmly in a safe place when the next earthquake (strike)……………………………………. .

Page

1

.….. Nevertheless. rocks through windows of the union.….. The students still (look)…….…. and a group of male students (throw)……. The police officers (arrest)………. a few students and are beating others with night sticks. I (stand)……………. Some of them (burn)…………….… cars. The congregation of students at 9:00 yesterday morning was very peaceful and orderly.…..…. stones.. ……. Page 2 ..in front of the student union watching a riot.……. Most of the people in the crowd have been talking about the brutality of the police and the chancellor’s refusal to meet the student demands. They (request)……………. Sometimes more than one tense is correct.B.. and the situation in front of the union (be)…………. the campus workers will have cleaned up the debris.…… quietly listening to speeches made by various campus leaders. The students (do)……….. ……… every opportunity to sit down and discuss the problems with the student leaders.. more peaceful.angry.. the chancellor (ignore)………………………. however. however.to break up. everyone (be)……..with a group of friends. The area in front of the union is full of paper.. and many students are returning to their dorms. I am certain that the campus leaders will meet and organize another demonstration. and only a few people (march)………………. many different things.what (happen)……………. At 10:20.. They (be)………………. I (be)………………….next..here since 7:30 this morning. the crowd (begin)………………. but it never became an angry mob.…. but the police (appear)………….…. certain changes all year. I am somewhat surprised at the officers’ actions because there has recently been a great deal of publicity concern ing police brutality.. and the crowd began to do the same. The students merely wanted to demonstrate against certain university policies.. and pieces of broken glass. From 9:00 to 10:00.here since 8:00 this morning. All of us (wonder)…………………….. in front of the chancellor’s office with placards announcing their grievances. It is now 2:00 in the afternoon.….……. By tonight. There are approximately two thousand students and three hundred police officers on campus this morning.…… shouting insults at various university officials. Complete the following paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs. however. I (stand)……………………. a small group of students who belong to an organization called Students for a Democratic Society (begin)………. Others are destroying books.… to be calmer.…….

. Sometimes more than one tense is correct. other classes.. Work hard and accomplish your individual goals... only thirteen students. but I believe grammar is especially important because speaking.. Then I (remember)………………. that one of my goals has always been to finish my PhD.easy.. any additional students... however.…….. While I (sit)………. As all of you know. remember that I (be)…………… still a student. Last week while I (study)……………. together for approximately two weeks. All your courses (be)…………..…… to teach grammar. so I (know)……. However. it grew to sixteen students on the third day. classes (begin)……….. in the library. however. At the start of the term.…. I (realize)……….... so we (be)………………. this is a good class.…….. enjoy)……………. Generally speaking.…. and as a result you had trouble in class..……. however. too.……. during the first half of the term I gave you an assignment almost every night because I want you to improve your English as quickly as possible. too. Complete the following paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs. I suddenly had the idea of writing you a note. During my teaching career.…. so you must work hard until you reach them. important.…. and I understand that the life of a student (not. I (ask)………. You have goals.teaching grammar. By now.…… that you (take)…………………... at my desk at home. By the time this term is over. you an assignment that will take hours to complete. and you will be one step closer to your dream. trying to think of an interesting way to test your understanding of the tenses.…….…. We are now in the second full week of classes. I (never. but for some reason I (always. Page 3 .. and all of you are very intelligent individuals.many subjects.…... and writing well depend on a good understanding of the structure of language. we (not.myself why I (work)…. As I promised the other day. give)…………………………………. you will have learned much. get)…………. I (teach)………….… so hard. Some of you didn’t complete your assignments.C. reading.eleven days ago. our class (have)………. all of you know that I (love)……….. be)…………….

do)…………. So by this time tomorrow. a dangerous necessity.. Today... the streets of Denver (be).. I will have bought a great car. Many citizens sold their large cars...……….. many Americans (want)………. a necessity for many people.a lot of trouble. responsible for a large number of the heart attacks that Americans have because they (not. cars (pollute)………………………… the air in cities for many years. the big American oil companies (have)……………...…….…… a lot of trouble since they began to raise the price of gasoline. the Chrysler Corporation located in Detroit.. One solution. This has created another problem in this country for at least one of the large automobile manufacturers. I (think)……….. so it manufactured only big cars. Michigan. A professor of medicine and public health from Yale University (believe)………………. government for money.….D.…… gas masks.. I (go)………….walk much anymore... I (decide)………………. the Chrysler Corporation (ask)………………… the U. In fact. so it could prepare its factories to build small cars. the automobile (increase)………. and they bought smaller ones.…….to give me a good deal. Sometimes more than one tense is correct. A few years ago.….. Although the automobile (become)…………….. One thing I (notice)…………… since I (come)…came… to the United States is the number of cars. and the American public became extremely angry. filled with automobiles.. Before I came to the United States. His father (promise)………………. this company did not see the future need for small cars. In 1979..…small automobiles. Tomorrow. however. to purchase a small economy car. it (be)………………. However. of course.. For example. by the year 2050 many Americans (wear)…………. but since I started to live here.…….. In addition to pollution. is to create better systems of public transportation. While I was reading a report on pollution in the United States the other night.of buying a big car.... Page 4 ..S. As is true in many large cities in the world.….. Many people did not believe that it was necessary for the companies to ask for more money because they had been receiving very high profits for many years.…… the problem of congestion in crowded urban areas. the automobile may not be a big problem in the future because of the cost of fuel. In this country at the moment. Complete the following paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs. I learned that the average American family owns two cars and many have three....….that the automobile (be)………. If the large cities do not create better systems of public transportation. In the summer of 1979.. It is obvious that cars contribute a great deal to the problem of pollution that this country has. the oil companies increased the price of gasoline dramatically.. with an American friend to look at the cars at his father’s automobile dealership.. they (have)………………….

to stay awake..your kind letter last week. and the METS.to find some time to write you back since then.at my desk. Joe (come)……………. I (have.. I (have)………………three papers to submit. we (go)………………. the art museum... In the past two weeks.. so I (decide)…………………….a lot since I left.since then. barely)………………. she will have started to go to school. How are you all doing? I bet Jessica (grow up)……………….enough time to breathe.…….. Between showing him the city and trying to finish my papers. I (receive)………. Besides.…very busy these days.back home.to the a big aquarium and (watch)…………….…. I am getting a little sleepy.…….. The other day. Joe (leave) …is leaving/is going to leave/leaves……at 6:30.……... I (try)………. Dear mom.. By the time I come home. Miss you Moray Page 5 . I (sit)………………….…….…. Sometimes more than one tense is correct.….. but I’d rather stay up. so we (spend)……………….……. and I have another one for next week. That’s why I (write)……………………to you at such an hour..him to the zoo. I (take) …………..…. Complete the following paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs..….a nap when I (get)………………. He wanted to visit the city.a lot of time visiting some of the interesting places here.the Great White Sharks. I (be)………...E.……. So far.here for 3 hours typing my last paper. It is 4:00 AM right now and I (sit)………………...to visit last Sunday and (stay)………. I (take)………………….….

The instructor ………………………………… (be. she …………………………… (review) the test with the class. I ………………………………… (feel) better about the tenses. so today I ……………………………… (feel) confident.………………… (concentrate on) this exercise. Complete the following paragraphs with the correct form of the verbs. however. I …………………………(know) I …………………………………… (continue) to improve until the end of the quarter. changing from one tense to another ……………………… (be. on Thursday. Last week. and I really …………………………… (want) to get a good grade.F. we ………………………… (have) our first grammar test. never) easy for me. As I …………………………… (mention) earlier. Since we …………………………… (be) in class. As a result. last Thursday. and I …………………………… (believe) that I ………………………… (do) well on this exercise. At the moment. not) very happy with the results because not enough students ………………………………… (receive) high grades. Our instructor ………………………………… (stand) in front of the class now. It ……………………… (be) a test on the tenses. While we ……………………………… (talk) about the test and the correct use of the tenses. but I have to say that I ………………………………… (still.. Page 6 . I ………………………… (have) trouble with meaning since I first ……………………………… (begin) to study English. I …………………………… (be) a little disappointed with my grade because this test …………………………… (be) the first grammar exam that we ……………………………… (have) so far. but a few minutes ago she ……………………………… (walk) around the room looking at our papers. Sometimes more than one tense is correct. on Wednesday. I …………………………… (think) about how difficult it ………………………… (be) to learn to use the tenses spontaneously. After our review. we ………………………………… (discuss) how the tenses show meaning. have) a little trouble with this. I ………………………… (see) that every student ………….

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful