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Topic 1: Part of speech Nouns (Kata Nama) Common noun General noun, e.g.

.g.: bird, spoon, car and etc Countable noun Noun that can be counted, e.g.: book-books, child-childrens etc Uncountable noun Noun that cannot be counted, e.g.: water, air etc Collective noun Group of things or people, e.g.: family, army etc Proper noun Noun that refer to a specific name of person, state, country etc Concrete noun Noun that are physical object that can be touch, smell, seen e.g. animal etc Abstract noun Noun that are not a physical objects, cannot be touch, seen e.g. idea, love, hate etc. Pronouns (Kata Ganti Diri) Personal Used to refer people, animal, plant and things such as him, her, them, us, them, me, you, and it etc. Possessive Are used to show possessive or ownership such as, mine, his, hers, our, and theirs Interrogative Used to form question or ask question such as which, who, whose, whom etc Reflexive To show action done by subject such as myself, themselves, ourselves, yourselves, herself etc Verbs(Kata Kerja) Lexical Main verb in sentences such as run, sleep, eat etc Auxiliary Helping verb which are used with a lexical verb to show tenses, to form questions and negatives To be o Is, are, am, was, were, been, being To do o Do, did, does

To have o Have, has, had Modals o Shall, will, may, can, should, could, would, might

Adjective Word used to describe a noun such as dark, clever, nice etc. Have two category: Quality Used to describe color, size, shape and quality e.g. red, expensive, square spectacles etc Quantity Indicate exact or unspecified quantities such as a, one, thirty, some, a few, a little, many, a hundred etc Adverb Word used to describe more about verb such as neatly, slowly, carefully, softly etc Adverb may tell us how, when, where, why or how often the action takes place Have 4 category: Place Under the tree, found the gold there Manner She writes neatly, he walked slowly Time It happen last week Frequency I brush my teeth regularly Prepositions Word used before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to other words in a sentence. Used to express : Location Above, behind, next to, below etc Direction Across, from, down, into etc Time After, at, for, by, during etc Manner In, with, at, for

Tenses Past The simple past tense Event or action that takes place in the past Jason fell down yesterday The past perfect tense Sequence of action in the past or an action that has been complete before a specific of time By the time I left, the rain had already stopped The past continues tense Action which are going on in the past which are continuing at the time something else happen We walked in while the lecturer was teaching Present Simple present tense Action that happening regularly or action that taking place on the time of speaking Renji looks very angry Present perfect tense Action that begin in past but still continuing up to the present moment Alis father has bought a new house Present continues tense Action that still going on or events in the future I am making a sandwich for you Future Simple future tense Action that will take place in the future He will 70 years old next year Future perfect tense Something that will happened at or before a certain time in the future Remy will have completed his homework before his bedtime Future continues tense Express action still continuing in the future I shall be thinking about you Past Was Were Present Is / Has Are /Have Future Shall Will

Singular Plural