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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.:

SAP2000 2

EXAMPLE 3-001
PLANE PATCH TEST WITH PRESCRIBED DISPLACEMENTS PROBLEM DESCRIPTION In this example, a rectangular plate with irregularly shaped elements is subjected to prescribed displacements at the edges that theoretically impose a constant stress field over the model. The geometry, properties and loading are as described in MacNeal and Harder 1985. The plane stress element is used in SAP2000 and the membrane stress components resulting from the prescribed displacements are compared with hand-calculated results. The Ux and Uy degrees of freedom are active for the analysis. All other degrees of freedom are inactive. Joints 1, 2, 7 and 8 are restrained for translation in the X and Y directions. The prescribed displacements are applied to the restrained degrees of freedom of those joints. The plane section is modeled using the plane stress element. Separate models are used to test the model with and without the incompatible bending modes option. GEOMETRY AND PROPERTIES
0.24" 2 4 1 Y Z 1 X 3 4 3 2 5 8 6 5 7 0.12" Joint Coordinates (inches) Joint X Y 1 0 0 2 0 0.12 3 0.04 0.02 4 0.08 0.08 5 0.18 0.03 6 0.16 0.08 7 0.24 0 8 0.24 0.12

1 - Joint number 1 - Area object number Section Properties Thickness = 0.001 in

Z 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Material Properties E = 1,000,000 lb/in2 = 0.25

EXAMPLE 3-001 - 1

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PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.:

SAP2000 2

LOADING The loading is provided in the form of prescribed edge displacements Ux and Uy, which are imposed on joints 1, 2, 7 and 8. Those displacements are defined by the following equations. y 2, Ux 1000 x x 2 Uy 1000 y

The following table shows the applied displacements calculated from the preceding equations for each of the edge joints. These displacements are applied in a load case named Membrane. X Joint 1 2 7 8
(in)

Y
(in)

Ux
(in)

Uy
(in)

0 0 0.24 0.24

0 0.12 0 0.12

0 0.00006 0.00024 0.00030

0 0.00012 0.00012 0.00024

TECHNICAL FEATURES OF SAP2000 TESTED Membrane analysis using plane stress elements Incompatible bending mode option for plane elements Joint displacement loading RESULTS COMPARISON The independent results are based on Equation 2 on page 6 in Timoshenko and Goodier 1951. Additional independent results are published in MacNeal and Harder 1985.

EXAMPLE 3-001 - 2

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SAP2000 2

With Incompatible Bending Modes Stress Component Direct stress xx lb/in2 Direct stress yy lb/in2 Shear stress xy lb/in2 SAP2000 1333 1333 400 Independent 1333 1333 400 Percent Difference 0% 0% 0%

Without Incompatible Bending Modes Stress Component Direct stress xx lb/in2 Direct stress yy lb/in2 Shear stress xy lb/in2 SAP2000 1333 1333 400 Independent 1333 1333 400 Percent Difference 0% 0% 0%

COMPUTER FILES: Example 3-001-incomp, Example 3-001-comp CONCLUSION The SAP2000 results show an exact comparison with the independent results both with and without the incompatible bending modes option..

EXAMPLE 3-001 - 3

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PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.:

SAP2000 2

HAND CALCULATION

EXAMPLE 3-001 - 4

Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: REVISION NO.:

SAP2000 2

EXAMPLE 3-001 - 5