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Student Worksheet Solutions

LSM 7.3C

Solutions to Gas Stoichiometry, Extra Exercises


Complete the following stoichiometric problems. Communicate your problem-solving approach using internationally accepted symbols for elements, quantities, numbers, and units. 1. The first step in the industrial manufacture of sulfuric acid is the complete combustion of octasulfur, S8 s!. "hat mass of octasulfur is required to produce 11# $ of sulfur dio%ide at ST&' S8(s) + 8 O2(g) 8 SO2(g) m 112 L 256.48 g/mol 22.4 L/mol 1 mol nSO2 = 112 L SO 2 = 5.00 mol 22.4 L 1 nS8 = 5.00 mol = 0.625 mol 8 256.48 g mS8 = 0.625 mol = 160 g 1 mol or 1 mol S 8 256.48 g S 8 1 mol SO 2 m Ag = 112 L = 160 g 22.4 L SO 2 8 mol SO 2 1 mol S 8 #. Coal can undergo an incomplete combustion in the absence of a plentiful supply of air to produce deadly carbon mono%ide gas. "hat volume of carbon mono%ide is produced at S(T& by the incomplete combustion of 1)* +g of coal' 2 C(s) + O2(g) 2 CO(g) 150 kg V 12.01 g/mol 24.8 L/mol 1 mol nC = 150 kg = 12.5 kmol 12.01 g 2 nCO = 12.5 kmol = 12.5 kmol 2 24.8 L VCO = 12.5 kmol = 310 kL 1 mol or 1 mol C 2 mol CO 24.8 L CO VCO = 150 kg C = 310 kL 12.01 g C 2 mol C 1 mol CO ,. The first recorded observation of hydrogen gas was made by the famous alchemist &aracelsus when he added iron to sulfuric acid. Calculate the volume of hydrogen gas at ST& produced by adding 1*.* g of iron to an e%cess of sulfuric acid. 2 Fe(s) + 3 H2SO4( !) 3 H2(g) + Fe2(SO4)3( !) 10.0 g V 55.85 g/mol 22.4 L/mol

Copyright 2007 Thomson Nelson

Unit 4 Lab and Study Masters

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LSM 7.3C cont!d"


nFe = 10.0 g nH 2 VH 2 or VH 2 = 10.0 g Fe 1 mol Fe 3 mol H 2 22.4 L H 2 = 6.02 L 55.85 g 2 mol Fe 1 mol H 2 1 mol = 0.1"# mol 55.85 g 3 = 0.1"# mol = 0.26# mol 2 22.4 L = 0.26# mol = 6.02 L 1 mol

-. (mmonia reacts with sulfuric acid to form the important fertili.er, ammonium sulfate. "hat mass of ammonium sulfate can be produced from /).* +$ of ammonia at 1* 0C and 11* +&a' 2 $H3(g) + H2SO4( !) ($H4)2SO4( !) "5.0 kL m 10 C% 110 k& 132.16 g/mol PV 110 k& "5.0 kL ' mol ' ( = = 3.51 kmol RT 8.31 k& ' L 283 ( 1 n($H 4 )2 SO4 = 3.51 kmol = 1."5 kmol 2 132.16 g m($H4 )2 SO4 = 1."5 kmol = 232 kg 1 mol or 1 mol ' ( 110 k& 1 mol ($H 4 )2 SO 4 132.16 g ($H 4 )2 SO 4 m($H4 )2 SO4 = "5.0 kL = 232 kg 8.31 k& ' L 283 ( 2 mol $H 3 1 mol ($H 4 )2 SO 4 n$H3 =

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Unit 4 Lab and Study Masters

Copyright 2007 Thomson Nelson