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# Qassim University

## Dr. Sherif M. ElKholy

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OFCOMPACTION

General:

THEORY OF COMPACTION

## So, What is Soil Compaction?

It is Applying energy (compactive effort) to the soil in order to produces a More Dense soil structure than previously existed.

Soil compaction is used in many civil projects such as: Roads, Runways, Embankments, Dams,.

THEORY OFCOMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION
Objective of Compaction:
The objective is the Improvement of the Engineering Properties of the Soil Mass (Soil compaction is the cheapest method of soil improvement available).

## Advantages can be achieved through compaction:

Reducing and/or Preventing the expected settlement. Reducing soil void ratio and thus Increasing soil strength. Increasing the stability of side slopes. Increasing the bearing capacity of soil for foundations design and road pavement works. Controlling undesirable volume changes (e.g. caused by Frost Action, Swelling, Shrinkage, Collapsing,.etc.) compaction is the cheapest method of soil stabilization available.

THEORY OF COMPACTION
Compaction is a Function of Four Variables, they are: 1. Dry Density d 2. Water Content wc 3. Compactive Effort 4. Soil Type (gradation, presence of clay minerals, particle shape and sizes,.etc). In the Field, Compactive Effort is defined as:
The Number of Passes or Coverage of the Roller (of certain type and weight) on a Given Volume of Soil.

COMPACTION TESTS

## LAB COMPACTION TEST

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION
Zero Air Voids (100% Saturation) Curve:
It is a theoretical curve that represents an assumed case of soil body containing NO VOIDS at all, i.e. the soil sample is 100% Saturated.

THEORY OF COMPACTION

THEORY OF COMPACTION

d
d

THEORY OF COMPACTION

NUCLEAR METHOD

NUCLEAR METHOD