Spencer Coates 1. Author: Jean Baudrillard(1929-2007) 1. Described as post-modernist theorist 2. Born in France 3.

Like Foucault, most of his English works are translated from French 4. I read Simulations; comprised of two essays; The Precession of Simulacra and The Orders of Simulacra 5. These essays were the inspiration for the Matrix movies (though they were simulacra of Baudrillard himself) 1. Perhaps a better example would be South Park's Imaginationland 6. Other notable works: The System of Objects, On Nihilism, The Implosion of Meaning in the Media 7. Baudrillard, essentially, argues that we have lost contact with the "real" in various ways, that we have nothing left but a continuing fascination with its disappearance. 1. In “Objects” the symbolic and iconic value of an object often supersedes its use 2. In “Mirror of Production”; in precapitalist societies, where sexual rituals of the pornographic sort do not exist, sexuality in istself does not exist (LB k?) 1. Baudrillard: “It is always the same; once you are liberated, you are forced to ask who you are” 3. In “Consumer Society”: Baudrillard writes: "Our society thinks itself and speaks itself as a consumer society. As much as it consumes anything, it consumes itself as consumer society, as idea. Advertising is the triumphal paean to that idea" 4. Simulacra is most famous work 8. Baudrillard's language: What do you get if you cross a post-modernist with a Mafioso? Someone who’ll make you an offer you can’t understand! 1. Confusng as hell; is it intentional? 1. Baudrillard: The form of my language is almost more important than what I have to say within it. Language has to be synchronous with the fragmentary nature of reality. With its viral, fractal quality, that’s the essence of the thing! It’s not a question of ideas – there are already too many ideas!” (WTF? Synchronous? Fractal?) 2. Many postmodernists, including Baudrillard, argue that language is disconnected from reality; an overabundance of symbols that creates a linguistic hyperreality in-and-ofitself. 1. Richard Hanley: Post-modernists tend to have a fundamentally different view of language and other representation, a view inherited from structuralism in linguistics. Representations, they say, only ever refer or apply to other representations, so that language (and thought) is literally cut off from the real world. No matter how hard you try to refer to the non-representational, you can’t do it. 3. Philosophy, under Baudrillard, stretches beyond the confines of analytic knowledge and approaches something of an aesthetic quality; to rely on the limitations of the simulacrum of language is to miss the experience inhibited by the intellectual barriers of the language itself(i.e. The self-referentiality of linguistic determinism) 2. Simulations(Precession of Simulacra/Orders of Simulacra) 1. Published in French in 1985 (written in 1983), in English in 1996\ 2. Baudrillard started out analyzing the world in an economic fashion (Consumer Culture, System of Objects). He discussed much of the works of Marx and the semantics of production.

a single fact may even be engendered by all the models at once 2. image begets reality) 2. says Baudrillard. These people take the hypothesis of the virtual as a fact and carry it over to visible realms. image informs reality) 4. Basic thesis: We have reached a point where the simulated (our images. it is nothing more than operational. to distinguish the two 1.3. 1. as Baudrillard says. Baudrillard: The real is produced from miniaturized units. Baudrillard: Facts no longer have any trajectory of their own. it is through the multiplicity of miniaturized codes (like computers. If we accept it on its “scientific” face. The image is a reflection of a basic reality (reality begets image. pedagogy by antipedagogy” 1. image is reality) 3. But the primary characteristic of this universe lies precisely in the inability to use categories of the real to speak about it. In . models. The image is not related to reality(reality doesn't beget image. ideologies) has moved beyond simply representing parts of reality to actually determining a new reality. image screws over reality) 3. memory banks and command models--and with these it can be reproduced an indefinite numbers of times. Danger time: Is law and order nothing more than a simulation? 1. Reification is the weapon of the hyperreal. 4. indicating the biconditional of the simulated and the reality 1. a “hyperreality. real or hyperreal. The simulacrum is informed much as constructionist phenomona are. Religion. from matices. we we cannot use any means. then probably 4. BUT. coded in semantics) that determine the validity of the hyperreal 1. Baudrillard What we have here is essentially the same misunderstanding as with the simulation artists in New York in the 80s. The Watergate scandal informed the existence of a political morality by creating a scandal. Baudrillard defines the precession of the simulacra through the successive “phases” by which we have identified images: 1. The image masks and distorts a reality (reality begets image. rather. It no longer has to be rational. the absence or negation of something denotes its existence within the hyperreal (Mobius Strip) 1.” We have lost all means of distinction between the real and the artificial (this does NOT necessarily mean that there is one!). The image marks the absence of a reality(reality doesn't beget image. Who knows why Baudrillard does anything? 3. Think Foucault: power needs resistance to become power 3. “Take your desires as real!” 5. The image creates and informs reality. they arise at the intersection of models. Summary 1. is not the power of the real over the subordinate. Simulations represent a shift in Baudrillard's focus from consumerism to social constructionism and communication 4. the “death” of God has given birth to God in the hyperreal 2. since it is no longer measured against some ideal or negative instance. Why the simulacrum is not the matrix: there is no overarching “source” of hyperreality (think South Park and the killing of Wal-Mart). much like the Matrix. rather. Baudrillard likens this to proving “theatre by anti-theatre. the political hypothesis needed facts to embolden its model 1.

the camera “questions us” as much as we engage it 1. Jorge Luis Borges 1. not unilateralism. like all wide distributions. must acquire a binary regulation. smell. in the postmodern age. to be able to tell the difference indicates that there is very little (I. the production and reproduction of the material and the calculus of capital 3. dualistic nature of the towers is. Pre-modern period(Renaissance to industrial revolution). Industrial revolution. as Jean says. how would it be any different than we are? 1. Simulation 1. References 1. if it wants to survive. in itself. unchallenged underlings 4. (No explicit) Foucault. no longer by the Prince. if in ran on capital. and. The towering. 6. of the objectivity of the facts 7. there is no escaping the simulacrum which informs the validity of free choice. taste. When we watch movies. 11. sound. robots. 1. hence. conctructionist view of the binary source of power much in line with Foucault 2. as a means of distinction. The production 1. we. feeding and leeching off of the simulacrum 3. you must feel as if you are there. Karl Marx 1. or some amalgamation of the two? 1. Orders of Simulacra: 1. ensures the survival of the state/simulacrum 1. Must have soul. signify the victory of the binary model in competition with the unregulated. as a free society. but knowledge remains of the distinction 3. This changes nothing as far as monopoly is concerned. Baudrillard: Any unitary system. became focus of empire. a sign through the architectural medium. “Free choice” in a democracy is a distortion. then media does just as much --> mobius strip) 10. the representation precedes and informs the real 8. map remained . but by the ideology of the state 2. since it is no longer enveloped by an imaginary. A robot which captures our appearance. Power still restricted. Are we human.e. When you watch Schindler's List. Fable of the map and the empire: map expanded with the empire. some means of measuring the soul 9. The counterfeit 1. we have lost all sense of use-value: "It is all capital" 2. you are asked (nay forced) to engage in a simulation. Baudrillard: All media and the official news service only exist to maintain the illusion of actuality-of the reality of the stakes. Digitality: the 4th wall is always there. This is produced through. are a perfect model. Today. The World Trade Center Towers? 1. it is no longer real at all. sound. witnessing the horrors of the holocaust. use value of the simulation begins to equal that of the real. the image is recognized as an illusion 2. Democracies: 1. Equilibrium. but it is not a one-way mirror. empire crumbled. It is a hyperreal: the produce of an irradiating synthesis of combinatory models in hyperspace without atmosphere. According to Baudrillard.fact. If public opinion is said to inform media.

If sex becomes an kbject. Baudrillard.. now. Could prevent contamination of other.” bringing all together in a “knowable. productive system (Seduction). Baudrillard argued that femininity.4. falling into his “trap. unexciting. Anorexia” 5. hence it is not a binary source of power. where the aesthetic quality of Baudrillard's work is all but lost 2. or perhaps contaminates. in and of itself. Baudrillard calls it the “scientiziation of sex. Baudrillard's alternative? . Baudrillard's work (like the Matrix). nothing" . but which. in a way. I am engaging in the same type of symbolic exchange that transforms. If I think it false. 2. Terminal impacts? As Baudrillard says. I. leaving the person an empty shell.e. The greatest example of this is pornography. Ecclesiastes never said that 3. transforming sex into an object.a symptom of the dreary and relentless commodification of time and experience that characterises our "hyperreal" media world. Baudrillard says “a transvestite” 4.porn is “sexier than sex” (just like obesity is more “fat than fat”) 3. etc.creative? Baudrillard seemed to succumb to the theme of post-modernism in that he does not follow a line of argument in which the solution presents itself. freedom of speech. 1. Thing is.” and specifically mentions a right to orgasm 2. Protect the third world from LB 1. The simulacrum is never what hides the truth—it is truth that hides the fact that there is none. Ecclesiastes 1.” If I designate is as a truth. and seems impossible to reverse 1. is "un-erotic. Be. 2. “Hysteria. Reflection 1. 5. it is alive. where they have become the opposite of what they had originally represented. the femininity is “that which escapes.have been smoothly integrated into the "society of spectacle". . Baudrillard argued that sexual and racial liberation. Thomas Sebeok 1. is a counter to masculinity. Coined “biosemiotics” 2. one that extends beyond the boundaries of biiology into the realms of language. in reality. Trying to “liberate” the sexuality of the oppressed is.Andrew Hussey 2. SIMULATION ALERT---but how would you know upon reading it? 5. DNA is a model. Personal note: I think that judging Baudrillard's arguments on their semantic validity would be missing the point and. cognition. premodernist societies. is unknown” 3. it is the object itself that assumes femiinine qualities. communication. 1. because it brings about it the end of any “vestige of sexuality. How to use in debate rounds: 1. the abolition of class differences .. then I still have assigned a truth value to it. and the scientization/polarization that is inherent in sexual dichotomies. Baudrillard argues that sexual liberation is the wrong avenue for women to pursue (perhaps men. in essence. too). The simulacrum is true. brought within the debateable realm of truth. which ought to represent unbridled sexual licence.

and thus sexuality itself.. Baudrillard: Seduction as an invention of stratagems. as incarnated historically in the masculine phallocracy.." .prefer seduction! 1. as an art of disappearance and absence. of the body. According to Ecstasy. but what abolishes the differential opposition.. as an infinite dispersion of lures. as a disguise for survival... Baudrillard “It causes the sexual poles to waver. It is not the pole opposed to masculinity.” 2.. Translation? “Puzzle the system”. 3. the alternative to counter simulation is “disguise and dissimulation.1. as it might be incarnated in the future in a female phallocracy. as a dissuasion which is stronger yet than that of the system.

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